CN206037701U - Living beings melt aluminium stove - Google Patents

Living beings melt aluminium stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206037701U
CN206037701U CN201620786335.5U CN201620786335U CN206037701U CN 206037701 U CN206037701 U CN 206037701U CN 201620786335 U CN201620786335 U CN 201620786335U CN 206037701 U CN206037701 U CN 206037701U
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China
Prior art keywords
burner hearth
crucible
bocca
melting
furnace
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CN201620786335.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
葛泽旗
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Ningbo Sen Bio Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Ningbo Sen Bio Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620786335.5U priority Critical patent/CN206037701U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a living beings melt aluminium stove, include unloader, shell, fire burning furnace thorax, bocca, smelt furnace, crucible, dust pelletizing system, catoptric system. The distolateral unloader that is equipped with of shell, be equipped with in the shell and fire burning furnace thorax, bocca, smelt furnace, crucible, dust pelletizing system, catoptric system, it is equipped with the bocca to fire the burning furnace thorax and smelt between the furnace, the crucible periphery is equipped with smelts furnace, it is equipped with the dust pelletizing system to smelt the furnace outside, the output of dust pelletizing system is equipped with catoptric system. Carrying living beings pellet fuel and firing the burning furnace thorax and burn, produce flame, the fan is dried in firing the burning furnace thorax, impels flame to get into and smelts furnace, enters into the dust pelletizing system after surrounding the heating to the crucible, finally passes through dust pelletizing system dust removal back reflection and to the crucible in, reaches the all -round heating of crucible, makes the aluminium ingot in the crucible melt. The adoption is fired burning furnace furnace gate and bocca and on same straight line, is convenient for dredge the cigarette ash in the bocca.

Description

A kind of biomass aluminium melting furnace
Technical field
The utility model is related to combustor, more particularly to a kind of biomass aluminium melting furnace.
Background technology
With the development of science and technology, the continuous improvement of productivity, demand for energy constantly increase, and energy supply anxiety is made always About expanding economy, traditional coal, oil, gas are non-renewable energy resources, and oil is seriously polluted with coal, so develop can be again Raw novel energy is also just progressively becoming the problem that countries in the world face jointly, under this background, wind energy, solar energy and life Material progressively can be taken seriously, and especially biomass energy and biomass fuel burning technology are developed rapidly in recent years, and constantly Apply the every field in industry.
Biomass novel energy, it is natural photosynthate, correct to use, not only environmental protection and energy saving but also renewable. Along with the application of biomass, biomass combustion equipment is also developed rapidly, and under right reality, most equipment exist following Problem:1st, efficiency of combustion is low, fuel consumption is big and with volume of smoke.3rd, equipment fault is more, potential safety hazard is more, 4, equipment it is stupid Weight, it has not been convenient to maintenance, 5, easy coking dust stratification, lack operation stability.For case above, by a large amount of practices and Well-designed, this patent has been invented by my company, and this patent solves all problem above of combustion apparatus well, and in this base The burning of further perfect biomass and heat transfer technology on plinth.
Existing biomass aluminium melting furnace, heating are directly heated to crucible using combustion furnace, and the pyrotechnics for having heated is direct Carry out emission treatment.Heat energy transmission efficiency is low, and easily causes secondary pollution to environment.
Utility model content
In view of the above-mentioned state of the art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of burning effect Rate is high, reducing energy consumption, and the biomass aluminium melting furnace of environmental protection.
The utility model solve the technical scheme that adopted of above-mentioned technical problem for:A kind of biomass aluminium melting furnace, including outer Shell, blanking device, combustion furnace, bocca, melting burner hearth, crucible, dust pelletizing system, the side of the shell are provided with blanking device, The inside the shell is provided with combustion furnace, bocca, melting burner hearth, crucible, dust pelletizing system, between the combustion furnace and melting burner hearth Bocca is provided with, melting burner hearth is provided with the crucible, on the outside of the melting burner hearth, is provided with dust pelletizing system, the dust pelletizing system Output end is provided with cyclone dust collectors.
Further, the outer side bottom is provided with the first fire door, the second fire door, and the first fire door is with bocca same On bar straight line, burner hearth, fire grate in the combustion furnace, is provided with, the combustion furnace side is set relative to the input of blanking device There are tremie pipe, air inlet, described bocca one end is connected with burner hearth and is directed at the center of burner hearth, the other end It is connected with melting burner hearth burner hearth and tangent with the inwall of melting burner hearth, bocca position in the horizontal direction is less than earthenware Crucible bottom, the bocca are that heavy caliber and its bore are more than more than twice compared with the bore of air inlet, and the melting burner hearth has Refractory brick is piled up and is formed, and a circle banking fire brick is piled up in the middle and upper part of the melting inboard wall of burner hearth, sets use in the melting burner hearth bottom In the supporting table for putting crucible, dust-removing flue is provided between the melting burner hearth upper end and dust pelletizing system upper end, except the cloud of dust Road one end is communicated with melting burner hearth, and other end is communicated with dust pelletizing system thorax.
Further, the combustion furnace, melting burner hearth, the dust pelletizing system Trinity.
Further, the shell includes base, middle casing, upper lid, and base is welded with middle casing, middle casing with Upper lid welding, the upper cap upper surface are threadedly coupled cyclone dust collectors, endoporus one end of the cyclone dust collectors and dust pelletizing system Thorax communicate other end communicate with crucible.
Further, the blanking device includes feed bin, isolation cabin, motor, blower fan, bin, PLC control cabinet, the material Storehouse is threadedly connected to bin and is connect with isolation cabin cylinder, and the motor is threadedly connected to isolation cabin, and the blower fan is threadedly connected to Bin, the side screw thread of the feed bin are connected to PLC control cabinet, are provided with PLC frequency-changing control systems in PLC control cabinet.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:The utility model adopts feed arrangement by biomass Granular fuel is transported to burner hearth and carries out burning generation flame, and blower fan is dried into burner hearth via air inlet, and flame exists Melting burner hearth is entered via bocca under wind action, is entered from the dust-removing flue of melting burner hearth upper end after crucible heating again To dust pelletizing system thorax, eventually pass through dust pelletizing system dedusting back reflection and reach in crucible, so to crucible Omnidirectional heating, finally Melt the aluminium ingot in crucible;Using the first fire door and bocca on same straight line, it is easy to dredging.The utility model is designed Rationally, it is adapted to large-scale promotion.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of biomass aluminium melting furnace of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of another angled arrangement schematic diagram of biomass aluminium melting furnace of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is a kind of sectional view of biomass aluminium melting furnace of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is a kind of another angle sectional view of biomass aluminium melting furnace of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is carried out Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that described embodiment is only the utility model a part of embodiment, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of creative work is made The every other embodiment for being obtained, belongs to the scope of the utility model protection.
As Figure 1-4, the utility model is related to a kind of biomass aluminum melting road, including shell 9, blanking device 18, burning Stove 27, bocca 3, melting burner hearth 28, crucible 5, dust pelletizing system 29, the side of the shell 9 is provided with blanking device 18, described Combustion furnace 27, bocca 3, melting burner hearth 28, crucible 5, dust pelletizing system 29, the combustion furnace 27 and smelting furnace are provided with shell 9 Bocca 3 is provided between thorax 28, is provided with melting burner hearth 28, is provided with dust pelletizing system on the outside of the melting burner hearth 28 in the crucible 5 29, the output end of the dust pelletizing system 29 is provided with cyclone dust collectors 7, and 9 outer lower portion of the shell is provided with the first fire door 22, second Fire door 23, the first fire door 22 set burner hearth 1 fire grate 2 in the combustion furnace 27 with bocca 3 on same straight line, described 27 side of combustion furnace is provided with tremie pipe 13, air inlet 12,3 one end of the bocca and combustion relative to the input of blanking device 18 Burn burner hearth 1 and be connected and be aligned the center of burner hearth 1, the other end is connected with melting burner hearth 4 and is directed at burning The center of burner hearth 1, other end are connected with melting burner hearth 4 and tangent with the inwall of melting burner hearth 28, the bocca 3 Position in the horizontal direction is low with 5 bottom of crucible, and the bocca 3 is heavy caliber and its bore is big compared with the bore of air inlet 12 More than twice, the melting burner hearth 28 is piled up by refractory brick 8 and is formed, and a circle is piled up in the middle and upper part of 28 inwall of melting burner hearth Banking fire brick 6, sets the supporting table 19 for putting crucible 8 in 28 bottom of melting burner hearth, 28 upper end of melting burner hearth with Be provided with dust-removing flue 30 between 29 upper end of dust pelletizing system, 30 one end of dust-removing flue is communicated with melting burner hearth 4, other end with remove Dirt system thorax 25 is communicated, and the combustion furnace 27, melting burner hearth 28,29 Trinity of dust pelletizing system, the shell 9 include base 11st, middle casing 24, upper lid 10, base 11 are welded with middle casing 24, and middle casing 24 is welded with upper lid 10, the upper lid 10 Upper surface is threadedly coupled cyclone dust collectors 7, and endoporus one end of the cyclone dust collectors 7 communicates other end with dust pelletizing system thorax 25 In communication with crucible 5, the blanking device 18 includes feed bin 17, isolation cabin 16, motor 15, blower fan 14, the control of bin 20, PLC Case 21, the feed bin 17 be threadedly connected to bin 20 and with isolation cabin 16 connect, the motor 15 is threadedly connected to isolation cabin 16, the blower fan 14 is threadedly connected to bin 20, and the side of the feed bin 17 is threaded with PLC control cabinet 21, PLC control cabinet The many frequency-changing control systems of PLC are set in 21.
The utility model embodiment one:The utility model is by feed arrangement 18 by biomass granule fuel via tremie pipe 13 are transported to burner hearth 1 carries out burning generation flame, and blower fan 14 is dried into burner hearth 1 via air inlet 12, and flame exists Melting burner hearth 4 is entered via bocca 3 under wind action, from the dedusting positioned at 28 upper end of melting burner hearth after the heating of crucible 5 Flue 30 enters dust pelletizing system thorax 25, eventually passes through 7 dedusting back reflection of cyclone dust collectors and reaches in crucible 5, so to crucible 5 Omnidirectional heating, is finally the aluminium ingot fusing in crucible 5.
The utility model with renewable resource biomass fuel, save non-renewable resources, with reduce cost of investment, ring The advantage of guarantor.
The utility model is by the first fire door 22 is arranged on same straight line with bocca 3, it is therefore intended that conveniently make Carry out with dredge bocca 3 in reef, cigarette ash, it is to avoid reef, cigarette ash blocking bocca 3, and then make fiery cigarette to crucible 5 just Often heat.
The utility model is by being connected 3 one end of the bocca with burner hearth 1 and being directed at burner hearth 1 Center, other end are connected with melting burner hearth 4 and tangent with the inwall of melting burner hearth 4, it is therefore intended that make burner hearth 1 Interior flame is concentrated and is sent, and can carry out rotary heating to the crucible 5 in burner hearth 4, and this kind of mode is heated receives boiler 5 It is hot uniform, the thermal efficiency is improved, crucible 5 is protected.
The utility model by by bocca 3 be set to heavy caliber and its bore compared with air inlet 12 bore more than twice with On, it is therefore intended that the flame in combustion furnace 27 is not directly blown onto on crucible 5 again while reducing the pressure in burner hearth 1, Increase the service life of crucible 5 in this way, reduce the chance of the rupture leakage aluminium of crucible 5.
The utility model is by piling up a circle banking fire brick 6 by the middle and upper part of 28 inwall of melting burner hearth, it is therefore intended that using pressure Heat can be gathered in 4 bottom of burner hearth by lower leaf on melting burner hearth 4 by firebrick 6, prevent 5 top heat and bottom cold of crucible, unfavorable Melt in aluminium.
The utility model is by being set to integral structure by combustion furnace 27, melting burner hearth 28, dust pelletizing system 29, it is therefore intended that Save space, reduces energy consumption.
The utility model passes through 10 upper table surface helix cyclone dust collectors 7 of the upper lid, the endoporus of the cyclone dust collectors 7 One end is communicated other end and is same as in crucible 5 with dust pelletizing system thorax 25, and the purpose that this kind of mode is arranged is cyclone dust collectors 7 While can also utilize delayed heat melting aluminium ingot.
The utility model by many frequency-changing control systems of PLC, be capable of achieving large and small fire switching, automatic lifting temperature, automatic heat preserving, Automatic ignition, automatically guarantor's fire, also can carry out real-time regulation so as to control biomass inlet amount to 15 rotating speed of motor, 14 rotating speed of blower fan With the ratio of air capacity, the clean-burning purpose of biomass, simple to operate and safety and stability is reached, and is run more intelligent.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and And in the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the present utility model, can realize that this practicality is new in other specific forms Type.Therefore, no matter from the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and is nonrestrictive, this practicality is new The scope of type is by claims rather than described above is limited, it is intended that the equivalency fallen in claim is contained All changes in justice and scope are included in the utility model.Any reference in claim should not be considered as restriction Involved claim.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of biomass aluminium melting furnace, it is characterised in that:Including shell, blanking device, combustion furnace, bocca, melting burner hearth, earthenware Crucible, dust pelletizing system, the side of the shell are provided with blanking device, the inside the shell be provided with combustion furnace, bocca, melting burner hearth, Crucible, dust pelletizing system, are provided with bocca between the combustion furnace and melting burner hearth, be provided with melting burner hearth in the crucible, described Dust pelletizing system is provided with the outside of melting burner hearth, and the output end of the dust pelletizing system is provided with cyclone dust collectors.
2. a kind of biomass aluminium melting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the outer side bottom is provided with the first stove Door, the second fire door, the first fire door are provided with burner hearth, fire grate with bocca on same straight line in the combustion furnace, described Combustion furnace side is provided with tremie pipe, air inlet, described bocca one end and burner hearth phase relative to the input of blanking device Lead to the center for connecing and being aligned burner hearth, the other end is connected with melting burner hearth burner hearth and the inwall phase with melting burner hearth Cut, bocca position in the horizontal direction is less than crucible bottom, the bocca is heavy caliber and its bore compared with air intake Mouthful bore more than more than twice, the melting burner hearth has refractory brick to pile up to form, the middle and upper part heap of the melting inboard wall of burner hearth Build one and enclose banking fire brick, in the melting burner hearth bottom, set the supporting table for putting crucible, the melting burner hearth upper end with remove Dust-removing flue is provided between dirt system upper end, dust-removing flue one end is communicated with melting burner hearth, other end and dust pelletizing system thorax Communicate.
3. a kind of biomass aluminium melting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the combustion furnace, melting burner hearth, dedusting system The system Trinity.
4. a kind of biomass aluminium melting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the shell include base, middle casing, Upper lid, base are welded with middle casing, and middle casing is threadedly coupled cyclone dust collectors with upper lid welding, the upper cap upper surface, Endoporus one end of the cyclone dust collectors communicate with dust pelletizing system thorax other end communicate with crucible.
5. a kind of biomass aluminium melting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the blanking device includes feed bin, isolation Storehouse, motor, blower fan, bin, PLC control cabinet, the feed bin are threadedly connected to bin and are connect with isolation cabin cylinder, the motor spiral shell Line is connected to isolation cabin, and the blower fan is threadedly connected to bin, and the side screw thread of the feed bin is connected to PLC control cabinet, PLC controls PLC frequency-changing control systems are provided with case.
CN201620786335.5U 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 Living beings melt aluminium stove Active CN206037701U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620786335.5U CN206037701U (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 Living beings melt aluminium stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620786335.5U CN206037701U (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 Living beings melt aluminium stove

Publications (1)

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CN206037701U true CN206037701U (en) 2017-03-22

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CN201620786335.5U Active CN206037701U (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 Living beings melt aluminium stove

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108398011A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-08-14 广德盛源电器有限公司 A kind of biomass aluminium alloy melting furnace

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108398011A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-08-14 广德盛源电器有限公司 A kind of biomass aluminium alloy melting furnace

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