CN102865600B - Civil solid fuel cooking heating furnace - Google Patents

Civil solid fuel cooking heating furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102865600B
CN102865600B CN201210400109.5A CN201210400109A CN102865600B CN 102865600 B CN102865600 B CN 102865600B CN 201210400109 A CN201210400109 A CN 201210400109A CN 102865600 B CN102865600 B CN 102865600B
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China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
solid fuel
stove
furnace
cooking heating
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CN102865600A (en
Inventor
伍斌强
李和平
晏才能
刘炎俊
周科文
伍奕
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Xunda Science & Technology Group Co Ltd
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Xunda Science & Technology Group Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The invention relates to a civil solid fuel cooking heating furnace. A furnace body is composed of a combustion chamber, a fuel bin and a heat exchange chamber. The lower end of the combustion chamber and the lower end of the fuel bin are connected and form a fire hole. A secondary air distribution hole is arranged on the lateral wall of the combustion chamber, and the heat exchange chamber and a kang connection port are sequentially connected on one side on the upper portion of the combustion chamber. A water jacket is arranged on the periphery of the furnace wall of the furnace body, and a heat insulation layer is arranged between the furnace walls of the combustion chamber and the fuel bin and the water jacket. The civil solid fuel cooking heating furnace is efficient, energy-saving and convenient to use, has many functions such as emphasizing in cooking, kang burning, heat supply and water heating, adapts to various fuels, and is very suitable for being used by residents in rural areas in the north of our country.

Description

Solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solid-fuelled domestic burners, particularly relate to the multiduty stove and accessory such as the cooking of a kind of collection, heating (hot-water heating and band a heatable brick bed).
Background technology
The biomass energy of China is very abundant, and along with development that is agriculture and forestry, biomass resource will get more and more, the current subject matter of biomass energy that utilizes is that capacity usage ratio is very low, use also very unreasonable, cause the huge waste of resource, as rural area utilizes traditional native stove burning bavin standing grain, stalk always, efficiency of combustion is low and labour intensity large, also damages to environment.
At present, use biomass fuel to carry out the type of furnace of cooking and heating, all there is some fault of construction though market has, cause that fuel combustion is insufficient, the thermal efficiency is low, during burning, flue dust is many, and weakens its some function, as cooking function.Chinese patent notification number CN201121918Y discloses a kind of biomass fuel cooking heating stove with water leg, and its water leg is arranged in burner hearth, causes fire box temperature low, has influence on fuel combustion insufficient, and the thermal efficiency reduces, produce higher flue gas.Chinese patent notification number CN202229233U discloses a kind of band water jacket Multifunctional civil biomass fuel combustion furnace, but its Bunker and combustion chamber are directly heated water jacket by furnace wall, thus also reduce the temperature of burner hearth, cause burning insufficient, the flue gas of generation is high.And said stove and accessory above, owing to just having carried out heat exchange at burner hearth, heat required when greatly have impact on cooking, has weakened cooking power, even all can not be boiled by water.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of health easy to use, safe, energy-efficient, be suitable for extensive, the sustainable burning of fuel, integrate the solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove that cooking, heating and burning a heatable brick bed also can emphasize arbitrary function.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions.
A kind of solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove, body of heater is made up of combustion chamber, Bunker and Heat Room, Bunker is provided with charge door, combustion chamber and Bunker lower end communicate and form burner, movable grate is housed below burner, under grate, ash bucket is set, the sidewall of combustion chamber has secondary wind distributing hole, upper end, combustion chamber is provided with stove mouth, side, top, combustion chamber is communicated with Heat Room and logical a heatable brick bed mouth successively, around the furnace wall that it is characterized in that body of heater, water jacket is set, between the furnace wall of described combustion chamber and Bunker and water jacket, thermal insulation layer is set.
The present invention can also be realized further by following technical measures.
Furnace wall above aforementioned burner there is secondary wind distributing hole.
Secondary wind distributing hole above previous combustion room sidewall and burner is communicated with air by airduct.
Furnace wall above aforementioned burner is arc transitional type, can pilot flame blocking when preventing fuel from sinking.
The sidewall of previous combustion room is retracted downward formula incline structure, reduces fuel and also can scurry out from combustion chamber by pilot flame at the dead angle of bottom of combustion chamber.
The sidewall stage casing of aforementioned incline structure is vertical structure, and its secondary wind distributing hole is positioned on the sidewall of vertical portion, prevents dust from blocking secondary wind distributing hole.
The center of bias combustion room, the side crater that the center of aforementioned stove mouth is communicated with from combustion chamber with Heat Room, make flame be subject to blower effect to the center closer to cookware base during the Dutch roll of side, cooking efficiency is higher.
Aforementionedly also comprise stove velar plate, described stove velar plate is placed on stove mouth.
Aforementioned Heat Room is built with the some heat exchanger tubes communicated with water jacket, and strengthen heat exchange area, efficiency is higher.
Rotatable sideboard is had between the combustion chamber of aforesaid solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove and Heat Room.
The present invention, except as except daily cooking stove, also by water jacket heating, produces hot water; The heat smoke that burning produces is discharged from chimney behind logical Kang Koujingkang road, utilizes flue gas heat to realize warm a heatable brick bed.The present invention arranges thermal insulation layer owing to have employed between the furnace wall of combustion chamber and Bunker and water jacket, so concentrated the preferential cooking function of heat that burning produces, secondly carries out hot water or hot a heatable brick bed by fume afterheat; When not needing to carry out cooking, stove velar plate can be placed on stove mouth again, and carry out changing of transformation heat running way by the sideboard between combustion chamber and Heat Room and emphasize hot water or hot a heatable brick bed function.In combustion system of the present invention, primary air enters the burner of combustion chamber successively from ash bucket, grate, auxiliary air enters from the secondary wind distributing hole of sidewall of combustion chamber, the furnace wall also above the burner of combustion chamber is provided with secondary wind distributing hole, make fuel combustion more abundant, flame is more stable; Auxiliary air can connect airduct from ash bucket and enter secondary wind distributing hole, but in order to better control fuel combustion, first and second air is not interfere with each other, and preferential employing directly enters secondary wind distributing hole by airduct from body of heater.
Solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove of the present invention, energy-efficient, esy to use, safe and reliable, have and cooking, several functions such as burning a heatable brick bed, supplying hot water heating etc. can be emphasized, and fuel is scalable, can be biomass briquette material, molding mass or coal etc., be applicable to very much northern China urban residents and use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove, body of heater is made up of combustion chamber 9, Bunker 5 and Heat Room 13, rotatable sideboard 15 is had between combustion chamber 9 and Heat Room 13, water jacket 2 is set around the furnace wall of body of heater, between the furnace wall of described combustion chamber 9 and Bunker 5 and water jacket 2, thermal insulation layer 3 is set.
Bunker 5 is provided with charge door 1, and combustion chamber 9 and Bunker 5 lower end communicate and form burner 6, and movable grate 7 is housed below burner 6, grate arranges ash bucket 87 times, the sidewall of combustion chamber 9 is retracted downward formula incline structure, and its stage casing is vertical structure, above has secondary wind distributing hole 4.Furnace wall above described burner 6 is arc transitional type, is semicircle, it has secondary wind distributing hole 4 in this example; Secondary wind distributing hole 4 above combustion chamber 9 sidewall and burner 6 is communicated with air by airduct.Upper end, combustion chamber 9 is provided with stove mouth 17, the center of bias combustion room 9, the side crater that the center of stove mouth 17 is communicated with from combustion chamber 9 with Heat Room 13, and centre distance is 15 ~ 20mm; Side, top, combustion chamber 9 is communicated with Heat Room 13 and logical a heatable brick bed mouth 14 successively, Heat Room 13 is built with the some heat exchanger tubes 11 communicated with water jacket 2, what on heat exchanger tube 11, setting-in can drag scrapes hawk 12, can remove the dust stratification on heat exchanger tube 11, scrapes below hawk 11 and has deashing chamber 10.
During the work of solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove, open charge door 1 and cover, in Bunker 5, add fuel, with the fuel bottom burning things which may cause a fire disaster fire fuel storehouse 5, now sideboard 15 can be adjusted to hot a heatable brick bed shelves and horizontal level, more be conducive to air inducing, light a fire easier.Air enters grate 7 by ash bucket 8 and upwards carries First air combustion-supporting, and flame enters combustion chamber 9 with air-flow from burner 6, and the high-temperature flue gas of rising obtains secondary air at secondary air distribution outlet 4 place of combustion chamber 9, combustion-supporting further.Flame rises and sprays to stove mouth 17 in combustion chamber 9, namely can be used for cooking.Now, if sideboard 15 is gone to hot-water heating shelves and vertical position, high-temperature flue gas is roundabout by water heating in heat exchanger tube 11 in Heat Room 13, hot water in water jacket 2 is exported by pipeline and is used for heating or washing, flue gas again from logical a heatable brick bed mouth 14 by a heatable brick bed road or directly (when not needing hot a heatable brick bed) through chimney to outdoor discharge; The hot a heatable brick bed function if required emphasis, can go to hot a heatable brick bed shelves and horizontal level by sideboard 15, and high-temperature flue gas will directly enter a heatable brick bed road quickly through Heat Room 13 top and carry out hot a heatable brick bed, improves warm a heatable brick bed temperature and speed.When not needing to carry out cooking and heating simultaneously, the cooker of stove mouth 17 can be taken away, place stove velar plate 16, can improve flue-gas temperature about 100 DEG C, heat enters heat exchanger 13 or a heatable brick bed road completely, hot-water heating and hot a heatable brick bed better effects if, stove velar plate 16 is as being set to heat insulation type, and effect is better.
Along with the carrying out of combustion process, fuel is consumed gradually, fuel in Bunker 5 because Action of Gravity Field declines automatically, by burner 6 postcombustion, the fuel of Bunker 5 can supplement at any time from charge door 1, and the ashes that the fuel afterburnt produces are settled down to ash bucket downwards, and ash bucket can take out.

Claims (8)

1. a solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove, body of heater is by combustion chamber, Bunker and Heat Room composition, Bunker is provided with charge door, combustion chamber and Bunker lower end communicate and form burner, movable grate is housed below burner, under grate, ash bucket is set, the sidewall of combustion chamber has secondary wind distributing hole, upper end, combustion chamber is provided with stove mouth, side, top, combustion chamber is communicated with Heat Room and logical a heatable brick bed mouth successively, around the furnace wall that it is characterized in that body of heater, water jacket is set, between the furnace wall of described combustion chamber and Bunker and water jacket, thermal insulation layer is set, furnace wall above described burner is arc transitional type, and furnace wall has secondary wind distributing hole.
2. solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that the secondary wind distributing hole above described sidewall of combustion chamber and burner is communicated with air by airduct.
3. solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that the sidewall of described combustion chamber is retracted downward formula incline structure.
4. solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove according to claim 3, it is characterized in that the sidewall stage casing of described incline structure is vertical structure, its secondary wind distributing hole is positioned on the sidewall of vertical portion.
5. solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that the center of bias combustion room, the side crater that the center of stove mouth is communicated with from combustion chamber with Heat Room.
6. solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising stove velar plate, and described stove velar plate is placed on stove mouth.
7. solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that Heat Room is built with the some heat exchanger tubes communicated with water jacket.
8. the solid fuel domestic cooking heating stove according to the arbitrary claim of claim 1 ~ 7, is characterized in that there is rotatable sideboard between described combustion chamber and Heat Room.
CN201210400109.5A 2012-10-20 2012-10-20 Civil solid fuel cooking heating furnace Active CN102865600B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210400109.5A CN102865600B (en) 2012-10-20 2012-10-20 Civil solid fuel cooking heating furnace

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210400109.5A CN102865600B (en) 2012-10-20 2012-10-20 Civil solid fuel cooking heating furnace

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CN102865600A CN102865600A (en) 2013-01-09
CN102865600B true CN102865600B (en) 2015-03-25

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2070875U (en) * 1990-06-16 1991-02-06 孙即勤 Waterpipe type civil coal stove
CN2755465Y (en) * 2004-11-04 2006-02-01 张建安 Multi-purpose coal-saving furnace
JP2007309587A (en) * 2006-05-18 2007-11-29 Maywa Co Ltd Stove
CN201121918Y (en) * 2007-09-14 2008-09-24 康铁良 Biomass fuel cooking and heating stove
CN101435591A (en) * 2008-12-10 2009-05-20 杨艺明 Small-sized household cooking and warming power generation coal stove
CN201285074Y (en) * 2008-09-01 2009-08-05 张学凤 Biomass fuel vertical cooking and heating stove
CN202012946U (en) * 2011-04-01 2011-10-19 山西正和机械制造有限公司 Cooking heating dual-purpose stove for turn-back type chimney flue capable of purifying smoke dust and saving energy
CN202927884U (en) * 2012-10-20 2013-05-08 迅达科技集团股份有限公司 Solid fuel civil cooking heating furnace

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2070875U (en) * 1990-06-16 1991-02-06 孙即勤 Waterpipe type civil coal stove
CN2755465Y (en) * 2004-11-04 2006-02-01 张建安 Multi-purpose coal-saving furnace
JP2007309587A (en) * 2006-05-18 2007-11-29 Maywa Co Ltd Stove
CN201121918Y (en) * 2007-09-14 2008-09-24 康铁良 Biomass fuel cooking and heating stove
CN201285074Y (en) * 2008-09-01 2009-08-05 张学凤 Biomass fuel vertical cooking and heating stove
CN101435591A (en) * 2008-12-10 2009-05-20 杨艺明 Small-sized household cooking and warming power generation coal stove
CN202012946U (en) * 2011-04-01 2011-10-19 山西正和机械制造有限公司 Cooking heating dual-purpose stove for turn-back type chimney flue capable of purifying smoke dust and saving energy
CN202927884U (en) * 2012-10-20 2013-05-08 迅达科技集团股份有限公司 Solid fuel civil cooking heating furnace

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