CN205950419U - Knuckle -tooth sword numerically controlled polishing machine - Google Patents

Knuckle -tooth sword numerically controlled polishing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205950419U
CN205950419U CN201620968205.3U CN201620968205U CN205950419U CN 205950419 U CN205950419 U CN 205950419U CN 201620968205 U CN201620968205 U CN 201620968205U CN 205950419 U CN205950419 U CN 205950419U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
knuckle
wheel
guide rail
tooth
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620968205.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓兵
张祥想
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Ma'anshan Jun Qiang Precision Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Ma'anshan Jun Qiang Precision Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a knuckle -tooth sword numerically controlled polishing machine belongs to the quick -witted field of grinding. It includes X axial region branch, Y axial region branch, Z axle subtotal wheel dresser, the X axial region divides including grinding wheel driving device for the drive emery wheel carries out abrasive machining at the flat rotation in surface of XZ to the blade, and can follow X axle orientation and move the X axial coordinates with the adjustment emery wheel, Y axial region branch sets up Z axial region branch, and the Z axial region divides including the workpiece drive device for clamping and drive blade rotate, and adjustable blade Y axle and Z axial coordinates, wheel dresser is used for driving the freeing wheel at the flat rotation in surface of XY. The utility model discloses can realize the automatic abrasive machining of knuckle -tooth sword cutting edge, once press from both sides the dress and can accomplish grinding process to have machining precision height, high, the yield advantage high and with low costs of production efficiency.

Description

A kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine
Technical field
This utility model belongs to grinder technical field, more particularly, it relates to a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine.
Background technology
Circular knife is one of vitals of cutting machine equipment.It is usually difference coming according to cutting material category and thickness Determine selected which kind of slitter blade.The generally cutting form side of the inclusion knife cutting of slitter blade and dise knife cutting.Square knife divides Cutting is exactly as razor, and blade is fixed on the knife rest of cutting machine, falls knife in material running, makes knife by material Material is longitudinally slit, to reach cutting purpose.Dise knife cutting mainly has upper and lower cutting disc shearing and dise knife squash type to cut two kinds of sides Formula.Dise knife cutting is the main cutting mode of the materials such as cutting thick film, composite thick film, paper.Cutting material membrane material thickness is 100 Selection dise knife cutting μm suggested by the above.Dise knife squash type cutting mode both can have been cut than relatively thin plastic sheeting it is also possible to divide Cut the thick paper of comparison, non-woven fabrics etc., be that one kind eaily cuts mode.
Knuckle-tooth knife is one kind of circular knife, is typically processed using grinder at present, and in prior art, knuckle-tooth knife grinds The pattern of machine is more, but using manual feed, manually indexing, operation requirement is higher, is difficult to grasp, percent defective is higher, investment Higher, low precision, directly reduces blade quality and production efficiency it is often more important that current grinder cannot process knuckle-tooth knife Blade.A kind of knuckle-tooth knife for example shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, it needs to process blade face M in flank, and this blade face M is half Footpath is the arc surface of R, and the tangent plane of blade face M becomes β angle with blade face, and the cutting edge shape of this knuckle-tooth knife is extremely complex, mesh The front grinder that also can process such knuckle-tooth knife.
The grinder of knuckle-tooth knife has been processed, such as Chinese Patent Application No. is in prior art:201420441465.6, public Opening day is:The patent documentation on December 31st, 2014, discloses a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, including organic block, on support It is provided with Y-axis servo slide table, the slide unit of Y-axis servo slide table is vertically provided with gripper shoe, gripper shoe front is vertically provided with one To linear slide rail, two linear slide rails are slidably fitted with connecting plate, gripper shoe top is also equipped with Z axis servomotor, Z axis servo Motor output shaft is connected with ball screw, and ball screw bottom is connected to connecting plate top, and connecting plate front is rotatablely equipped with sand Wheel main shaft, spindle motor, spindle motor output shaft is connected with grinding wheel spindle rear-end transmission, and grinding wheel spindle is fixedly arranged at the front end with emery wheel, Servo-electric rotating disk is additionally provided with support.The grinder of the program can only carry out simple grinding it is impossible to grinding is every to teeth groove Blade on individual tooth.
In summary, there is presently no and can process knuckle-tooth knife blade, the equipment for grinding of especially complicated blade, serious system About cut the development of industry, the bottleneck how breaking knuckle-tooth knife blade grinding is the problem that people are devoted to solving always.
Content of the invention
1st, problem to be solved
For the unmanageable problem of existing knuckle-tooth knife blade, this utility model provides a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding Machine, is capable of automatization's grinding of knuckle-tooth knife blade, once clamps and can complete grinding action, have machining accuracy Height, the advantage of production efficiency height, high yield rate and low cost.
2nd, technical scheme
For solving the above problems, this utility model adopts the following technical scheme that.
A kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, including support, is arranged on the X-axis part on support and Y-axis part, and emery wheel Trimming device;Described X-axis part includes X-axis slide unit and the emery wheel driving means being arranged on X-axis slide unit, emery wheel driving means For driving emery wheel to carry out grinding in XZ rotation with surface to blade, and can along X-axis slide unit in X-direction movement to adjust The X-axis coordinate of emery wheel;Described Y-axis partly upper setting Z axis part, Z axis part includes Z axis slide unit and is arranged on Z axis slide unit Work piece actuating device, work piece actuating device is used for clamping drive blade rotation, and Z axis slide unit can be along Y direction movement to adjust The Y-axis coordinate of full blade, work piece actuating device can along Z axis slide unit in vertical direction movement to adjust the Z axis coordinate of blade;Described Wheel dresser be arranged on support, it includes repairing motor and freeing wheel, and finishing motor passes through finishing main shaft drives and repaiies Whole wheel rotates in X/Y plane.
Further, described Z axis slide unit includes Z axis slide, and work piece actuating device includes workpiece motor cabinet and is arranged on Workpiece motor on workpiece motor cabinet;The back side of described workpiece motor cabinet is provided with rotating hole, and Z axis slide is provided with and rotating hole The pylon matching, is distributed with the adjustment hole of circular arc, the center of curvature of adjustment hole centered on rotating hole on workpiece motor cabinet Overlap with the center of circle of rotating hole, workpiece motor cabinet is connected with Z axis slide by the bolt through adjustment hole.
Further, described Z axis slide is provided with angle-regulating block, angle-regulating block be respectively arranged at the two ends with a tune Section screw, the lower end of adjusting screw is contacted with the upper surface of workpiece motor cabinet.
Further, described Z axis slide unit also includes Z axis guide rail seat and Z axis motor;Arrange on described Z axis guide rail seat Vertical Z axis guide rail, Z axis slide is slidably arranged in Z axis guide rail;Described Z axis motor is arranged on Z axis guide rail seat and connects There is Z axis leading screw, Z axis leading screw is in transmission connection with Z axis slide.
Further, described Z axis guide rail seat is installed Z axis sprocket wheel, Z axis sprocket wheel is provided with Z axis chain;Described Z axis One end of chain connects Z axis slide, and the other end is connected with Z axis balancing weight.
Further, described Y-axis part includes Y-axis guide rail seat, Y-axis slide and the y-axis motor being arranged on support, Y Y-axis guide rail is installed on spindle guide rail chair, Y-axis slide is slidably arranged in Y-axis guide rail;Described y-axis motor is arranged on Y-axis guide rail seat One end and be connected with Y-axis leading screw, Y-axis leading screw is in transmission connection with Y-axis slide;Set between described Y-axis guide rail seat and Y-axis slide Put Y-axis spring, one end of Y-axis spring is connected with Y-axis guide rail seat, and the other end is connected with Y-axis slide.
Further, described emery wheel driving means include the grinding wheel drive mitor being arranged on X-axis slide unit, and grinding wheel drive mitor drives Emery wheel rotates;The top of described grinding wheel drive mitor is provided with the wheel guard of activity.
A kind of method for grinding of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, its operating procedure is:
1. knuckle-tooth knife to be processed is installed on work piece actuating device, and emery wheel and freeing wheel, sand are selected according to knuckle-tooth knife Wheel is installed in emery wheel driving means, and freeing wheel is installed on finishing main shaft;
2. emery wheel driving means drive emery wheel to rotate, and finishing motor passes through finishing main shaft drives freeing wheel and rotates, and emery wheel drives Dynamic device is close and so that emery wheel is contacted with freeing wheel to freeing wheel on X-axis slide unit, and the periphery of emery wheel is trimmed wheel and repairs out Circular groove;
3. meeting grinding angle by the vertical height of control Z axis coordinate regulation emery wheel rotation axiss to knuckle-tooth knife surface will Ask, and adjust the coordinate of X main shaft and Y-axis, control emery wheel to carry out grinding to the blade of one tooth of knuckle-tooth knife;
4. complete step 3. rear emery wheel withdrawing, work piece actuating device drives knuckle-tooth swivel to cross a profile angle, and emery wheel is again The blade of second tooth of feed grinding, so repeatedly, after it's one week pasts knuckle-tooth swivel, completes blade grinding with teeth;
5. shut down, take off knuckle-tooth knife, complete the grinding of knuckle-tooth knife blade.
Further, described step 1. in, knuckle-tooth knife be installed on work piece actuating device after ensure knuckle-tooth swivel move when Radial run-out be not more than 0.05mm, the height of emery wheel rotary shaft is located at the 1/2 of freeing wheel thickness.
Further, described step 3. in, vertical height h of emery wheel rotation axiss to knuckle-tooth knife surface meets:H=R ' Cos θ, wherein, R ' is the radius of turn of emery wheel, and θ is tangent plane and the horizontal plane angle of emery wheel and blade face contact position;In sand Before wheel first blade of grinding, the position of knuckle-tooth knife is adjusted, table is beaten to the flank of first tooth by amesdial and looks for Benchmark is it is ensured that flank vertical X axis direction.
3rd, beneficial effect
Compared to prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) this utility model knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, on the basis of existing grinder increase work piece actuating device and Wheel dresser, forms six axle aggregate motions, i.e. rotation in XZ plane for the movement of X-axis, Y-axis and Z axis, and emery wheel, The rotation of the workpiece and freeing wheel rotation in X/Y plane, completes the grinding to knuckle-tooth knife blade, and once clamping can be complete Become the processing of all flank upper knife edges, full automation grinding action, grinding accuracy is high, and production efficiency is high, yield rate up to 100%, and reduce production cost, the existing grinder of effectively solving cannot process the problem of knuckle-tooth knife blade;
(2) this utility model knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, the workpiece motor cabinet of work piece actuating device passes through rotating hole and Z axis The pylon cooperation rotation of slide, and be fixedly connected with Z axis slide by the bolt through adjustment hole, and adjustment hole is circular arc Hole, the center of curvature is overlapped with the center of circle of rotating hole, this kind of frame mode, unclamps bolt, turning of work piece driving means are thus adjust The gradient of knuckle-tooth knife, the blade now processed is from the tooth top of knuckle-tooth knife to tooth root, the tangent plane often located and knuckle-tooth knife surface Angle gradually changes, and is such as gradually increased, and that is, thickness of knife edge is gradually thickening, can increase the intensity of blade, extends blade Life-span, be also convenient for reconditioning after later stage edge wear it can be seen that, work piece actuating device and this kind of structure of Z axis slide, can process Increasingly complex knuckle-tooth knife blade, has expanded the working ability of grinder significantly;
(3) this utility model knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, setting angle regulating block on Z axis slide, and angle-regulating block Be respectively arranged at the two ends with an adjusting screw, the lower end of adjusting screw is contacted with the upper surface of workpiece motor cabinet, by two adjust The difference in height of screw lower end, can be simple with the precise control workpiece motor cabinet anglec of rotation, easy to adjust, and circle is effectively ensured The machining accuracy of serrated knife, and this kind of mode, have the locking functions of workpiece motor cabinet, reduce because making workpiece electricity for a long time The probability that support is loosened with Z axis slide connecting bolt, improves stabilization of equipment performance;
(4) this utility model knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, Z axis slide unit uses lead screw transmission mode, due between machinery The presence of gap, the precision inevitably resulting in Z axis coordinate setting reduces, and will also result in mechanical shock and noise, therefore, in this equipment Z axis sprocket wheel is installed on Z axis guide rail seat, Z axis sprocket wheel is provided with Z axis chain, one end of Z axis chain connects Z axis slide, the other end It is connected with Z axis balancing weight, eliminate the mechanical clearance of lead screw transmission by the pulling function of Z axis balancing weight, solve the above problems, And Z axis chain and the cooperation of Z axis sprocket wheel, can adapt to the motion in vertical direction for the Z axis slide unit, in addition, Z axis balancing weight also increases Add Z axis slide unit weight so that its motion is more steady;
(5) this utility model knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, Y-axis partly arranges Y-axis between middle Y-axis guide rail seat and Y-axis slide Spring, can eliminate the mechanical clearance of Y-axis lead screw transmission, be used herein as spring, consider from the arrangement form of equipment, do not take up space, Structure is compacter, and does not substantially increase extra weight, and design is ingenious;
(6) this utility model knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, the setting of the top wheel guard of grinding wheel drive mitor, stop the course of processing The broken splashing cut of middle grinding, improves process safety;
(7) method for grinding of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, is repaired to the outer peripheral face of emery wheel by freeing wheel, obtains Arc groove radius is equal with the freeing wheel radius of gyration, that is, knuckle-tooth knife blade processing backarc radius surface, and adjusts knuckle-tooth knife Apart from the height of emery wheel vertical direction, the angle of inclination of controllable blade, six axle co-ordinations, complete the grinding of knuckle-tooth knife blade Processing, using each tooth upper knife edge shape unification of the method processing, blade surface is bright and clean, the sharp no chipping of cutting edge;
(8) method for grinding of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine is it is ensured that radial run-out when knuckle-tooth swivel moves is not more than It is ensured that processing each tooth cutting edge shape unification, the height of emery wheel rotary shaft is located at the 1/2 of freeing wheel thickness 0.05mm, is conducive to Emery wheel rapid stock-removal shapes, and long-time using guaranteeing to repair the uniformity of foot wheel abrasion it is ensured that machining accuracy;
(9) method for grinding of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, needs in first blade of grinding knuckle-tooth knife is carried out looking for base So that the flank vertical X axis direction of first tooth, this position can facilitate to be measured with amesdial finds accurately, subtracts for quasi- adjustment Between few positioning, also improve the precision of processing.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of knuckle-tooth knife;
Fig. 2 is the close-up schematic view of A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the partial sectional view of B-B in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the contour structures schematic diagram of this utility model knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of the host machine part of this utility model knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine;
Fig. 6 is the perspective view of X-axis part in Fig. 5 host machine part;
Fig. 7 is the perspective view of Y-axis part and Z axis part in Fig. 5 host machine part;
Fig. 8 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of workpiece motor cabinet and Z axis slide in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 repairs view during emery wheel for freeing wheel;
Figure 10 is main view view during wheel grinding knuckle-tooth knife;
Figure 11 is vertical view state schematic diagram during wheel grinding knuckle-tooth knife.
The label of in figure is expressed as follows respectively:
1st, X-axis part;
110th, X-axis slide unit;111st, X-axis guide rail seat;112nd, X-axis guide rail;113rd, X-axis slide;114th, X-axis motor;115th, X-axis Leading screw;116th, X-axis wheel shaft;117th, X-axis sprocket wheel;118th, X-axis chain;119th, X-axis balancing weight;
120th, emery wheel driving means;121st, grinding wheel drive mitor;122nd, emery wheel;123rd, wheel guard;
2nd, Y-axis part;
201st, Y-axis guide rail seat;202nd, Y-axis guide rail;203rd, Y-axis slide;204th, y-axis motor;205th, Y-axis leading screw;206th, Y-axis Spring;
3rd, Z axis part;
310th, Z axis slide unit;311st, Z axis guide rail seat;312nd, Z axis guide rail;313rd, Z axis slide;314th, Z axis motor;315th, Z axis Sprocket wheel;316th, Z axis chain;317th, Z axis balancing weight;
320th, work piece actuating device;321st, workpiece motor cabinet;322nd, workpiece motor;323rd, angle-regulating block;324th, rotate Hole;325th, adjustment hole;326th, adjusting screw;
4th, wheel dresser;
401st, repair motor;402nd, repair main shaft;403rd, freeing wheel.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiments and the drawings, this utility model is further described below.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, and its monnolithic case is as shown in figure 4, it includes main frame with outward Shell, shell arranges control panel.As shown in figure 5, main frame includes support, it is arranged on X-axis part 1 on support, Y-axis part 2 With wheel dresser 4;Wherein, described X-axis part 1 includes X-axis slide unit 110 and the emery wheel drive being arranged on X-axis slide unit 110 Dynamic device 120, emery wheel driving means 120 are used for driving emery wheel 122 to carry out grinding in XZ rotation with surface to blade, and can Along X-axis slide unit 110 in X-direction movement to adjust the X-axis coordinate of emery wheel 122;In described Y-axis part 2, Z axis part 3 is set, Z axis part 3 includes Z axis slide unit 310 and the work piece actuating device 320 being arranged on Z axis slide unit 310, and work piece actuating device 320 is used In clamping and drive blade rotation, Z axis slide unit 310 can be along Y direction movement to adjust the Y-axis coordinate of blade, and artifact-driven fills Put 320 can along Z axis slide unit 310 in vertical direction movement to adjust the Z axis coordinate of blade.Their structure will be carried out in detail below Describe in detail bright.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 6, X-axis slide unit 110 includes X-axis guide rail seat 111, X-axis slide 113 and X-axis motor 114, X-axis guide rail Seat 111 is arranged on support by fixed seat, and X-axis guide rail seat 111 arranges X-axis guide rail 112, and X-axis slide 113 is slidably arranged in In X-axis guide rail 112;X-axis motor 114 is arranged on one end of X-axis guide rail seat 111, and X-axis motor 114 is connected with X-axis leading screw 115, X Axial filament thick stick 115 is in transmission connection with X-axis slide 113.Because X-axis slide unit 110 uses lead screw transmission mode, certainly exist machinery Gap, can lead to the precision of X-axis coordinate setting to reduce, will also result in mechanical shock and noise, therefore, in the present embodiment, in X-axis Installed by X-axis wheel shaft 116 on track base 111 and X-axis chain 118, X-axis chain are arranged on X-axis sprocket wheel 117, and X-axis sprocket wheel 117 118 one end is connected with X-axis slide 113, and the other end is connected with X-axis balancing weight 119, by the pulling function of X-axis balancing weight 119 To eliminate the mechanical clearance of lead screw transmission, thus solving the above problems, and the cooperation of X-axis chain 118 and X-axis sprocket wheel 117, energy Enough adapt to the slip in X-direction for the X-axis slide 113;In addition, X-axis balancing weight 119 also add the weight of X-axis slide unit 110, can X-axis slide 113 is slided more steady.
The grinding wheel drive mitor 121 on X-axis slide 113 that described emery wheel driving means 120 include be arranged on X-axis slide unit 110, Emery wheel 122 installed by grinding wheel drive mitor 121, and drives emery wheel 122 to rotate, and the rotary shaft of emery wheel 122 is perpendicular to X-direction;Emery wheel electricity The top of machine 121 is provided with the wheel guard 123 of activity, stops the broken splashing cut of grinding in the course of processing, improves process safety.
Described wheel dresser 4 is arranged in the fixed seat above support, and is located at the side near emery wheel 122, Wheel dresser 4 includes the finishing seat being arranged in fixed seat, and is arranged on the finishing motor 401 on finishing seat and finishing Main shaft 402, freeing wheel 403 is installed in finishing main shaft 402 upper end, and finishing motor 401 passes through finishing main shaft 402 and drives freeing wheel 403 Rotate in X/Y plane.And the height of emery wheel 122 rotary shaft is located at the 1/2 of freeing wheel 403 thickness, the rotation of freeing wheel 403 Rotating shaft is located at the 1/2 of emery wheel 122 thickness, and so, emery wheel driving means 120 are straight near getting final product to freeing wheel 403 in X-direction Tap into go quickly to repair and shape, positioning need not be adjusted, and use the uniformity guaranteeing finishing foot wheel abrasion 403 for a long time it is ensured that adding Work precision.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 7, described Y-axis part 2 includes Y-axis guide rail seat 201, Y-axis slide 203 and being arranged on support Y-axis motor 204, Y-axis guide rail seat 201 is installed Y-axis guide rail 202, and Y-axis slide 203 is slidably arranged in Y-axis guide rail 202;Y-axis Motor 204 is arranged on one end of Y-axis guide rail seat 201 and is connected with Y-axis leading screw 205, and Y-axis leading screw 205 is driven with Y-axis slide 203 Connect.In the present embodiment, for eliminating mechanical clearance, Y-axis guide rail seat 201 and the Y-axis slide that Y-axis part 2 lead screw transmission is brought Y-axis spring 206 is set between 203, and one end of Y-axis spring 206 is connected with Y-axis guide rail seat 201, the other end is with Y-axis slide 203 even Connect, this mechanical clearance is eliminated by the elastic pulling force of spring, and considers from the arrangement form of equipment, do not take up space, structure is more Compact, and substantially do not increase extra weight, design is ingenious.
Described Z axis slide unit 310 includes Z axis guide rail seat 311, Z axis slide 313 and Z axis motor 314;Wherein, Z axis guide rail Seat 311 is arranged on Y-axis slide 203, the vertical Z axis guide rail 312 of its front surface setting, and Z axis slide 313 is slidably arranged in Z axis On guide rail 312;Z axis motor 314 is arranged on Z axis guide rail seat 311 and is connected with Z axis leading screw, and Z axis leading screw is passed with Z axis slide 313 It is dynamically connected.Equally, for eliminating the mechanical clearance of Z axis slide unit 310 lead screw transmission, Z axis sprocket wheel is installed on Z axis guide rail seat 311 315, Z axis sprocket wheel 315 is provided with Z axis chain 316, and one end of Z axis chain 316 connects Z axis slide 313, and the other end is connected with Z axis Balancing weight 317.The mechanical clearance of lead screw transmission is eliminated by the pulling function of Z axis balancing weight 317, and adapts to Z axis slide 313 vertical direction motion, in addition, Z axis balancing weight 317 also add Z axis slide unit 310 weight so that Z axis motion more flat Surely.
Described work piece actuating device 320 includes workpiece motor cabinet 321 and the workpiece electricity being arranged on workpiece motor cabinet 321 Machine 322, workpiece motor cabinet 321 is arranged on Z axis slide 313, workpiece motor 322 jockey, and fixture is used for clamping knuckle-tooth knife Or other workpiece.In the present embodiment, what deserves to be explained is, as shown in figure 8, the back side of workpiece motor cabinet 321 is provided with rotating hole 324, Z axis slide 313 is provided with the pylon matching with rotating hole 324, pylon be directly inserted into rotating hole 324 it is also possible to Bearing is installed in rotating hole 324, pylon is inserted in dead eye;It is distributed centered on rotating hole 324 on workpiece motor cabinet 321 There is the adjustment hole 325 of 4 circular arcs, the center of curvature of adjustment hole 325 is overlapped with the center of circle of rotating hole 324, workpiece motor cabinet 321 It is connected with Z axis slide 313 by the bolt through adjustment hole 325.This kind of frame mode, unclamps bolt, and turning of work piece drives dress Put 320 thus adjusting the gradient of knuckle-tooth knife, the blade now processed from the tooth top of knuckle-tooth knife to tooth root, the tangent plane often located with Knuckle-tooth knife surface angle gradually changes, and is such as gradually increased, now thickness of knife edge is gradually thickening, can increase blade Intensity, extend blade life, be also convenient for reconditioning after later stage edge wear it can be seen that, increasingly complex knuckle-tooth knife can be processed Blade, has expanded the working ability of grinder significantly.Additionally, being provided with angle-regulating block 323 on Z axis slide 313, angle is adjusted Locking nub 323 be respectively arranged at the two ends with an adjusting screw 326, the lower end of adjusting screw 326 is connect with the upper surface of workpiece motor cabinet 321 Touch.By the difference in height of two adjusting screw 326 lower ends, can be with precise control workpiece motor cabinet 321 anglec of rotation, simply easily OK, easy to adjust, the machining accuracy of knuckle-tooth knife is effectively ensured, and this kind of mode, there are the locking functions of workpiece motor cabinet, reduce Because of the probability making workpiece motor cabinet 321 loosen with Z axis slide 313 connecting bolt for a long time, improve stabilization of equipment performance.
The knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine of the present embodiment, can be with six-axis linkage, i.e. the movement of X-axis, Y-axis and Z axis, and emery wheel 122 rotations in XZ plane, the rotation of knuckle-tooth knife and freeing wheel 403 rotation in X/Y plane, complete to knuckle-tooth knife blade Grinding, once clamp the processing that can complete all flank upper knife edges, full automation grinding action, grinding accuracy Height, production efficiency is high, and yield rate is up to 100%, and reduces production cost, and the existing grinder of effectively solving cannot process knuckle-tooth knife The problem of blade.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment provide a kind of method for grinding of knuckle-tooth knife, using embodiment 1 knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine to knuckle-tooth Knife blade carries out grinding, and the knuckle-tooth knife processed as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, needs to process blade face M of flank, should Blade face M is the arc surface that radius is R, and the tangent plane of blade face M becomes β angle, in the present embodiment, R=with blade face 37.5mm, β=55 °, and knuckle-tooth knife thickness is b=2mm.Concrete operation step is as follows:
1. first knuckle-tooth knife to be processed is installed on the fixture of work piece actuating device 320 fixing it is ensured that knuckle-tooth knife surface Level, drives knuckle-tooth swivel to move by workpiece motor 322, measures radial run-out, and ensure that radial run-out is not more than 0.02mm;Then emery wheel 122 and freeing wheel 403 are selected, the radius meeting freeing wheel 403 is R=37.5mm, the rotation of emery wheel 122 Turn radius R '=200mm, and emery wheel 122 is installed in emery wheel driving means 120, freeing wheel 403 is installed to finishing main shaft 402 On.
In this step, the fixture of knuckle-tooth knife is divided into mold and lower mould, mold and lower mould is tooth disk-shaped structure, with The number of teeth of knuckle-tooth knife is identical, but the profile of tooth of each tooth is less than the profile of tooth of knuckle-tooth knife, to processing blade slot milling, knuckle-tooth cutter holder It is contained between mold and lower mould, and be fastened by bolts.This kind of structure, the position of the tooth of knuckle-tooth knife can be compacted, from And the flank of tooth will not flexural deformation or crimping in grinding process.
2. emery wheel driving means 120 drive emery wheel 122 to rotate, and finishing motor 401 passes through to repair main shaft 402 driving freeing wheel 403 rotations, emery wheel driving means 120 along X axis freeing wheel 403 near and so that emery wheel 122 is contacted with freeing wheel 403, emery wheel 122 Periphery be trimmed wheel and 403 repair out circular groove, state during finishing is as shown in figure 9, the radius of this arc groove is R= 37.5mm.
3. vertical height h passing through to control Z axis coordinate to adjust emery wheel 122 rotation axiss to knuckle-tooth knife surface meets:H=R ' Cos θ, wherein, R ' is the radius of turn of emery wheel 122, and θ is become folder with the tangent plane of blade face contact position with horizontal plane by emery wheel 122 Angle, in the present embodiment, R '=200mm, θ=β=55 °, then h=R ' cos θ=200 × cos55 °=114.715mm;Then, select Select the tooth of an emery wheel 122, table is beaten by amesdial to flank and looks for benchmark it is ensured that flank vertical X axis direction;Then, adjust The coordinate of section X main shaft, Y-axis and Z axis, blade grinding blade face M of the tooth after controlling emery wheel 122 that knuckle-tooth knife is found accurately, cut Cut state as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11.
In this step, during emery wheel 122 grinding blade face M, control emery wheel 122 full in feed speed ν of X-direction Foot:Wherein, b is knuckle-tooth knife thickness, unit mm, and R ' is the radius of turn of emery wheel 122, unit mm, and β is The tangent plane of blade face M becomes angle with blade face.In the present embodiment, b=2mm, R '=200mm, β=55 °, thenThis feed speed is to consider knuckle-tooth knife physical dimension itself and institute The factors such as grinding angle obtain, and meet this feed speed and require, and knuckle-tooth knife is less prone to chipping, blade deformation in grinding process Situations such as, blade face M fineness is of a relatively high, improves crudy and yield rate.
4. complete step 3. rear emery wheel 122 withdrawing, work piece actuating device 320 drives knuckle-tooth swivel to cross a profile angle, sand The blade of wheel 122 second tooth of feed grinding again, so repeatedly, after it's one week pasts knuckle-tooth swivel, completes blade mill with teeth Cut processing.
5. shut down, take off knuckle-tooth knife, complete the grinding of knuckle-tooth knife blade.
Knuckle-tooth knife edge quality after grinding is detected, each tooth cutting edge shape unification, no chipping, crimping situation occur, Blade face fineness is 0.8.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment provide a kind of method for grinding of knuckle-tooth knife, using embodiment 1 knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine to knuckle-tooth Knife blade carries out grinding, and the knuckle-tooth knife processed as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, needs to process blade face M of flank, should Blade face M is the arc surface that radius is R, and the tangent plane in blade face M centre position becomes β angle with blade face, in the present embodiment, R=40mm, β=60 °, and knuckle-tooth knife thickness is b=2.5mm.Concrete operation step is as follows:
1. first knuckle-tooth knife to be processed is installed on the fixture of work piece actuating device 320 fixing it is ensured that knuckle-tooth knife surface Level, drives knuckle-tooth swivel to move by workpiece motor 322, measures radial run-out, and ensure that radial run-out is not more than 0.02mm;Then adjust knuckle-tooth knife surface with the horizontal 5 ° of angles, concrete regulation process is:First rotational angle regulating block 323 The adjusting screw 326 at two ends, the line making their ends is with the horizontal 5 ° of angles, then unclamps workpiece motor cabinet 321 and Z axis cunning The connecting bolt of seat 313, when rotating clockwise workpiece motor cabinet 321, its upper surface is contacted with adjusting screw 326, finally locks work Part motor cabinet 321 and the connecting bolt of Z axis slide 313, that is, complete knuckle-tooth knife angular adjustment.
Then emery wheel 122 and freeing wheel 403 are selected, the radius meeting freeing wheel 403 is R=40mm, the rotation of emery wheel 122 Radius R '=220mm, and emery wheel 122 is installed in emery wheel driving means 120, freeing wheel 403 is installed to finishing main shaft 402 On.
In this step, the fixture of knuckle-tooth knife is divided into mold and lower mould, mold and lower mould is tooth disk-shaped structure, with The number of teeth of knuckle-tooth knife is identical, but the profile of tooth of each tooth is less than the profile of tooth of knuckle-tooth knife, to processing blade slot milling, knuckle-tooth cutter holder It is contained between mold and lower mould, and be fastened by bolts.This kind of structure, the position of the tooth of knuckle-tooth knife can be compacted, from And the flank of tooth will not flexural deformation or crimping in grinding process.
2. emery wheel driving means 120 drive emery wheel 122 to rotate, and finishing motor 401 passes through to repair main shaft 402 driving freeing wheel 403 rotations, emery wheel driving means 120 along X axis freeing wheel 403 near and so that emery wheel 122 is contacted with freeing wheel 403, emery wheel 122 Periphery be trimmed wheel and 403 repair out circular groove, the radius of this arc groove is R=40mm.
3. vertical height h passing through to control Z axis coordinate to adjust emery wheel 122 rotation axiss to the knuckle-tooth knife center of circle meets:H=R ' Cos θ, wherein, R ' is the radius of turn of emery wheel 122, and θ is become folder with the tangent plane of blade face contact position with horizontal plane by emery wheel 122 Angle, in the present embodiment, R '=220mm, θ=β=60 °, then h=R ' cos θ=220 × cos60 °=110mm;Then, select one The tooth of individual emery wheel 122, plays table by amesdial and looks for benchmark it is ensured that flank vertical X axis direction to flank;Then, adjust X master The coordinate of axle, Y-axis and Z axis, blade grinding blade face M of the tooth after controlling emery wheel 122 that knuckle-tooth knife is found accurately.
In this step, during emery wheel 122 grinding blade face M, control emery wheel 122 full in feed speed ν of X-direction Foot:Wherein, b is knuckle-tooth knife thickness, unit mm, and R ' is the radius of turn of emery wheel 122, unit mm, and β is The tangent plane of blade face M becomes angle with blade face.In the present embodiment, b=2.5mm, R '=220mm, β=60 °, then
4. complete step 3. rear emery wheel 122 withdrawing, work piece actuating device 320 drives knuckle-tooth swivel to cross a profile angle, sand The blade of wheel 122 second tooth of feed grinding again, so repeatedly, after it's one week pasts knuckle-tooth swivel, completes blade mill with teeth Cut processing.
5. shut down, take off knuckle-tooth knife, complete the grinding of knuckle-tooth knife blade.
Knuckle-tooth knife edge quality after grinding is detected, each tooth cutting edge shape unification, no chipping, crimping situation occur, Blade face fineness is between 0.8 and 0.4.
Example described in the utility model is only preferred implementation of the present utility model to be described, not to this reality It is defined with new spirit and scope, on the premise of without departing from this utility model design philosophy, this area engineering technology people Various modifications and improvement that member makes to the technical solution of the utility model, all should fall into protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine, including support, is arranged on the X-axis part (1) on support and Y-axis part (2);Described X-axis part (1) include X-axis slide unit (110) and the emery wheel driving means (120) that are arranged on X-axis slide unit (110), emery wheel drive Dynamic device (120) is used for driving emery wheel (122) to carry out grinding in XZ rotation with surface to blade, and can be along X-axis slide unit (110) in X-direction movement adjusting the X-axis coordinate of emery wheel (122) it is characterised in that:Also include wheel dresser (4); Described Y-axis part (2) is upper to arrange Z axis part (3), and Z axis part (3) includes Z axis slide unit (310) and is arranged on Z axis slide unit (310) work piece actuating device (320) on, work piece actuating device (320) is used for clamping and drives blade rotation, Z axis slide unit (310) can be along Y direction movement to adjust the Y-axis coordinate of blade, work piece actuating device (320) can be along Z axis slide unit (310) perpendicular Nogata is to mobile to adjust the Z axis coordinate of blade;Described wheel dresser (4) is arranged on support, and it includes finishing electricity Machine (401) and freeing wheel (403), finishing motor (401) is passed through to repair main shaft (402) driving freeing wheel (403) in X/Y plane Rotate.
2. a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described Z axis slide unit (310) bag Include Z axis slide (313), work piece actuating device (320) includes workpiece motor cabinet (321) and is arranged on workpiece motor cabinet (321) Workpiece motor (322);The back side of described workpiece motor cabinet (321) is provided with rotating hole (324), and Z axis slide (313) is provided with The pylon matching with rotating hole (324), is distributed with circular arc on workpiece motor cabinet (321) centered on rotating hole (324) Adjustment hole (325), the center of curvature of adjustment hole (325) is overlapped with the center of circle of rotating hole (324), and workpiece motor cabinet (321) passes through Bolt through adjustment hole (325) is connected with Z axis slide (313).
3. a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine according to claim 2 it is characterised in that:On described Z axis slide (313) Angle-regulating block (323) is installed, angle-regulating block (323) be respectively arranged at the two ends with an adjusting screw (326), adjusting screw (326) lower end is contacted with the upper surface of workpiece motor cabinet (321).
4. a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine according to claim 3 it is characterised in that:Described Z axis slide unit (310) is also Including Z axis guide rail seat (311) and Z axis motor (314);Described Z axis guide rail seat (311) is upper to arrange vertical Z axis guide rail (312), Z axis slide (313) is slidably arranged in Z axis guide rail (312);Described Z axis motor (314) is arranged on Z axis guide rail seat (311) go up and be connected with Z axis leading screw, Z axis leading screw is in transmission connection with Z axis slide (313).
5. a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine according to claim 4 it is characterised in that:Described Z axis guide rail seat (311) Upper installation Z axis sprocket wheel (315), Z axis sprocket wheel (315) is provided with Z axis chain (316);One end of described Z axis chain (316) is even Connect Z axis slide (313), the other end is connected with Z axis balancing weight (317).
6. a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine according to any one in claim 2-5 it is characterised in that:Described Y Shaft portion (2) includes Y-axis guide rail seat (201), Y-axis slide (203) and the y-axis motor (204) being arranged on support, Y-axis guide rail Seat (201) is upper to install Y-axis guide rail (202), and Y-axis slide (203) is slidably arranged in Y-axis guide rail (202);Described y-axis motor (204) it is arranged on one end of Y-axis guide rail seat (201) and be connected with Y-axis leading screw (205), Y-axis leading screw (205) and Y-axis slide (203) it is in transmission connection;Setting Y-axis spring (206), Y-axis spring between described Y-axis guide rail seat (201) and Y-axis slide (203) (206) one end is connected with Y-axis guide rail seat (201), and the other end is connected with Y-axis slide (203).
7. a kind of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described emery wheel driving means (120) inclusion is arranged on the grinding wheel drive mitor (121) on X-axis slide unit (110), and grinding wheel drive mitor (121) drives emery wheel (122) to rotate; The top of described grinding wheel drive mitor (121) is provided with the wheel guard (123) of activity.
CN201620968205.3U 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 Knuckle -tooth sword numerically controlled polishing machine Expired - Fee Related CN205950419U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106181605A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 马鞍山俊强精密机械设备有限公司 A kind of knuckle-tooth cutter computer controlled grinding machine and method for grinding thereof
CN107052471A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-18 何朋飞 A kind of gear grinder for being easy to clean
CN110103145A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-08-09 苏州佰特图磨削技术有限公司 A kind of seven axis workbenches of diamond roller amendment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106181605A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 马鞍山俊强精密机械设备有限公司 A kind of knuckle-tooth cutter computer controlled grinding machine and method for grinding thereof
CN106181605B (en) * 2016-08-26 2019-06-11 马鞍山俊强精密机械设备有限公司 A kind of method for grinding of knuckle-tooth knife computer controlled grinding machine
CN107052471A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-18 何朋飞 A kind of gear grinder for being easy to clean
CN110103145A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-08-09 苏州佰特图磨削技术有限公司 A kind of seven axis workbenches of diamond roller amendment

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