CN205909501U - Energy -saving environment -friendly hot water boiler - Google Patents

Energy -saving environment -friendly hot water boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205909501U
CN205909501U CN201620648176.2U CN201620648176U CN205909501U CN 205909501 U CN205909501 U CN 205909501U CN 201620648176 U CN201620648176 U CN 201620648176U CN 205909501 U CN205909501 U CN 205909501U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
pipe
heat
furnace
water tank
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620648176.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谷哲学
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HARBIN JINJING BOILER CO Ltd
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HARBIN JINJING BOILER CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201620648176.2U priority Critical patent/CN205909501U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205909501U publication Critical patent/CN205909501U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The utility model provides an energy -saving environment -friendly hot water boiler, includes furnace body, heat transfer tube, cartridge filter, the heat transfer tube top is connected through a smoke conveying pipe in furnace body top right side, heat transfer tube right -hand member downside is connected in the middle of the cartridge filter left end through the 2nd smoke conveying pipe, the furnace body comprises shell body, interior furnace, grate, last heating the water tank, lower heating the water tank, the pipe of discharging fume, interior furnace device is inside the shell body, the inside lower extreme of furnace including the grate device, go up the inside upper end of furnace including the heating the water tank device, through under the inside middle -end of furnace heating the water tank in the defeated water piping connection, a furnace body outer end smoke conveying pipe is connected on the furnace top right side including tub device of discharging fume, end device water preheating chamber, lower end device air preheating chamber on the heat transfer tube inside, air preheating chamber right side lower extreme is connected in the middle of the cartridge filter left end through the 2nd smoke conveying pipe. The utility model discloses can effectively utilize the waste heat in the flue gas waste gas to can carry out spraying purification to waste gas handles.

Description

A kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of hot-water boiler, more particularly to a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler.
Background technology
Boiler is important energy transition equipment, is also energy-consuming rich and influential family and the important source of atmospheric pollution.
, based on fire coal, wherein coal-fired power station boiler is fast-developing to Large Copacity, high parameter direction in recent years for China's boiler, Either manufacture or operation management is all close to Foreign Advanced Lerel;And coal-burned industrial boiler recoverable amount is big, distribution is wide, High energy consumption, pollution weight, efficiency has a certain distance with Environmental capacity integral level compared with abroad, and energy-saving and emission-reduction have a high potential.
By the end of the year 2012, China is reaching 46.7 ten thousand with coal-burned industrial boiler, and total capacity reaches 1,780,000 steaming tons, consumes in year About 700,000,000 tons of raw coal, accounts for more than the 18% of national coal consumption total amount.
China's coal-burned industrial boiler entirety efficiency level is relatively low, and its actual operating efficiency is lower 15 hundred than international most advanced level About branch, there is larger energy-saving potential.Meanwhile, coal-burned industrial boiler pollutants emission intensity is larger, is important pollution sources, Year discharge flue dust, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides account for 33%, 27%, the 9% of national total emission volumn respectively.In recent years, China occurs On a large scale, serious haze weather for a long time, closely related with the feature of coal-burned industrial boiler region high intensity, low-altitude discharged.
On the other hand, a large amount of heat energy that boiler smoke carries all are directly discharged in air, cause actual operating efficiency Only 85-90%, serious waste heat energy, increased the operating cost of boiler, and cause serious thermal pollution.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler, can be with more than in effectively utilizes flue gas waste gas Heat, energy saving, and spray cleaning process can be carried out to waste gas, it is effectively protected atmospheric environment.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler, including body of heater, heat exchanger tube, cartridge filter, passes through first on the right side of described body of heater top Defeated smoke pipe connects heat exchanger tube top, passes through the second defeated smoke pipe and connect in the middle of cartridge filter left end on the downside of described heat exchanger tube right-hand member;Described Body of heater is made up of shell body, internal furnace, fire grate, upper heating water tank, lower heating water tank, smoke exhaust pipe;Described internal furnace device is outside Enclosure interior, in internal furnace interior lower end, described upper heating water tank device, in internal furnace inner upper end, passes through described fire grate device Water-supply-pipe connects heating water tank under the internal middle-end of internal furnace, and described smoke evacuation pipe device, on the right side of internal furnace top, connects outside body of heater Hold the first defeated smoke pipe;Described heat exchanger tube inner upper end device water preheating chamber, lower end device air preheating chamber, described water preheating chamber leads to Cross breather pipe and connect air preheating chamber, described air preheating chamber bottom righthand side passes through the second defeated smoke pipe and connects in the middle of cartridge filter left end.
Described water preheating chamber interior arrangement water pre-heater apparatus, described water pre-heater apparatus upper right end device condensed water water inlet pipe, Lower-left end device preheating water outlet pipe, described preheating water outlet pipe connects upper heating water tank by the water-supply-pipe with suction pump.
Described air preheating chamber interior arrangement device air preheater, described air preheater right-hand member connects with suction The blast pipe of blower fan, left end passes through pre- hot blast discharge pipe and connects internal furnace.
Described cartridge filter interior arrangement activated charcoal strainer layer, spray equipment, filter cotton, sedimentation basin, described filter cotton dress Put in cartridge filter inner upper end, in filter cotton lower end, described spray equipment device is in activity for described activated charcoal strainer layer device Charcoal filtering meshes lower end, described sedimentation tank device is in cartridge filter inner bottom;Described cartridge filter top device blast pipe, upper right side Device supply tank, bottom right end device drinking-water pipe, described supply tank connects drinking-water pipe by the circulating water pipe with circulating pump, described Drinking-water pipe connects sedimentation basin, and described supply tank connects spray equipment.
Described water pre-heater apparatus are erected by left and right two ends and are in the charge of water tank, middle many horizontal heat exchanging water pipes are constituted, described many horizontal strokes Left and right two ends are erected and are in the charge of water tank connection by heat exchanging water pipe.
Described air preheater is made up of left Heat Room, right Heat Room, middle air heat-exchange pipe setting up and down, described Left Heat Room and right Heat Room pass through middle air heat-exchange pipe connection setting up and down.
The internal each one piece of perpendicular gas block panel of device of described left Heat Room, right Heat Room.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler of the present utility model, can be with effectively utilizes cigarette Waste heat in gas waste gas, energy saving, and spray cleaning process can be carried out to waste gas, it is effectively protected atmospheric environment.
The utility model has the advantage that
1st, heating water tank, lower heating water tank on furnace interior device, upper heating water tank passes through water-supply-pipe with lower heating water tank Connect, upper heating water tank is turnover water tank, and lower heating water tank is water tank, setting double water tank is so that the changing of hot water to be added Hot area increases;
2nd, in heat exchanger tube inner upper end device water preheating chamber, lower end device air preheating chamber, can be fired with effectively utilizes boiler The waste heat burning in flue gas is preheated for hot water to be added, and being treated as fuel combustion provides the cold air of oxygen to be preheated, and is easy to Fuel is more fully, more efficiently burn;
3rd, in cartridge filter interior arrangement spray equipment, activated charcoal strainer layer, filter cotton, can effectively filter out in flue gas Impurity with pernicious gas so that the waste gas giving off is pollution-free to air, be conducive to environmental protection.
4th, the water pre-heater apparatus arranging inside water preheating chamber, are erected by left and right two ends and are in the charge of water tank, middle many horizontal heat exchange Water pipe is constituted, and left and right two ends are erected and are in the charge of water tank connection by many horizontal heat exchanging water pipes, during current heat exchange, is introduced into erect to right-hand member and is in the charge of Water tank, then again from horizontal heat exchanging water pipe enter to left end erect be in the charge of water tank;Increased heat exchange area, improve heat transfer effect;
5th, in the air preheater of air preheat chamber device, by left Heat Room, right Heat Room, middle sky setting up and down Gas heat exchanger tube is constituted, and described left Heat Room and right Heat Room pass through middle air heat-exchange pipe connection setting up and down, treat that preheating is empty Gas initially enters to right Heat Room, then enters in left Heat Room through intermediate air heat exchanger tube, and on left Heat Room and the right side In Heat Room, each one piece of perpendicular gas block panel of device, effectively can delay air passage rates so that heat transfer effect is more preferable.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the present utility model;
In figure, 1- body of heater;2- heat exchanger tube;3- cartridge filter;The defeated smoke pipe of 4- first;The defeated smoke pipe of 5- second;6- shell body;In 7- Burner hearth;8- fire grate;9- supply tank;The upper heating water tank of 10-;Heating water tank under 11-;12- smoke exhaust pipe;13- water preheating chamber;14- is empty Gas preheating chamber;15- water pre-heater apparatus;16- air preheater;17- activated charcoal strainer layer;18- spray equipment;19- filters Cotton;20- sedimentation basin.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler, including body of heater 1, heat exchanger tube 2, cartridge filter 3, described body of heater 1 pushes up End right side connects heat exchanger tube 2 top by the first defeated smoke pipe 4, is connected by the second defeated smoke pipe 5 on the downside of described heat exchanger tube 2 right-hand member In the middle of filter cylinder 3 left end;Described body of heater 1 is by shell body 6, internal furnace 7, fire grate 8, upper heating water tank 10, lower heating water tank 11, smoke evacuation Pipe 12 is constituted;Inside shell body 6, in internal furnace 7 interior lower end, described going up adds described fire grate 8 device described internal furnace 7 device Boiler 10 device, in internal furnace 7 inner upper end, connects heating water tank 11 under the internal middle-end of internal furnace 7 by water-supply-pipe, described Smoke exhaust pipe 12 device, on the right side of internal furnace 7 top, connects body of heater 1 outer end the first defeated smoke pipe 4;Described heat exchanger tube 2 inner upper end dress Put water preheating chamber 13, lower end device air preheating chamber 14, described water preheating chamber 13 connects air preheating chamber 14, institute by breather pipe State air preheating chamber 14 bottom righthand side to pass through in the middle of the second defeated smoke pipe 5 connection cartridge filter 3 left end.
Embodiment 2
As shown in figure 1, described water preheating chamber 13 interior arrangement water pre-heater apparatus 15, described water pre-heater apparatus 15 upper right side dress Put condensed water water inlet pipe, lower-left end device preheating water outlet pipe, described preheating water outlet pipe is by the water-supply-pipe with suction pump Heating water tank 10 in connection.
Embodiment 3
As shown in figure 1, described air preheating chamber 14 interior arrangement device air preheater 16, described air preheater 16 right-hand members connect the blast pipe with induced-draught fan, and left end passes through pre- hot blast discharge pipe and connects internal furnace 7.
Embodiment 4
As shown in figure 1, it is described cartridge filter 3 interior arrangement activated charcoal strainer layer 17, spray equipment 18, filter cotton 19, heavy Shallow lake pond 20, in cartridge filter 3 inner upper end, described activated charcoal strainer layer 17 device is under filter cotton 19 for described filter cotton 19 device End, in activated charcoal strainer layer 17 lower end, described sedimentation basin 20 device is in cartridge filter 3 inner bottom for described spray equipment 18 device End;Described cartridge filter 3 top device blast pipe, upper right end device supply tank 9, bottom right end device drinking-water pipe, described supply tank 9 leads to Cross the circulating water pipe with circulating pump and connect drinking-water pipe, described drinking-water pipe connects sedimentation basin 20, described supply tank 9 connects spray dress Put 18.
Embodiment 5
As shown in figure 1, described water pre-heater apparatus 15 are erected by left and right two ends is in the charge of water tank, middle many horizontal heat exchanging water pipe's structures Become, left and right two ends are erected and are in the charge of water tank connection by described many horizontal heat exchanging water pipes.
Embodiment 6
As shown in figure 1, described air preheater 16 is changed by left Heat Room, right Heat Room, middle air setting up and down Heat pipe is constituted, and described left Heat Room and right Heat Room pass through middle air heat-exchange pipe connection setting up and down.
Embodiment 6
As shown in figure 1, the internal each one piece of perpendicular gas block panel of device of described left Heat Room, right Heat Room.
Embodiment 7
As shown in figure 1, each one induced-draught fan of device on described first defeated smoke pipe 4, the second defeated smoke pipe 5.
Embodiment 8
A kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler of the present utility model, heating water tank, lower heating water tank on furnace interior device, on Heating water tank is connected by water-supply-pipe with lower heating water tank, and upper heating water tank is turnover water tank, and lower heating water tank is water tank, Setting double water tank is so that the heat exchange area of hot water to be added increases;In heat exchanger tube inner upper end device water preheating chamber, lower end dress Put air preheating chamber, can be preheated for hot water to be added with the waste heat in effectively utilizes boiler combustion flue gas, be treated as fuel combustion Burn and provide the cold air of oxygen to be preheated, be easy to fuel more fully, more efficiently burn;Spray dress in cartridge filter interior arrangement Put, activated charcoal strainer layer, filter cotton, can effectively filter out impurity in flue gas with pernicious gas so that give off is useless Gas is pollution-free to air, is conducive to environmental protection;The water pre-heater apparatus of setting inside water preheating chamber, are erected by left and right two ends and are in the charge of Water tank, middle many horizontal heat exchanging water pipes are constituted, and left and right two ends are erected and are in the charge of water tank connection, current heat exchange by many horizontal heat exchanging water pipes When, be introduced into right-hand member erect be in the charge of water tank, then again from horizontal heat exchanging water pipe enter to left end erect be in the charge of water tank;Increased heat-transfer surface Amass, improve heat transfer effect;In the air preheater of air preheat chamber device, by left Heat Room, right Heat Room, middle up and down The air heat-exchange pipe of setting is constituted, and described left Heat Room and right Heat Room pass through middle air heat-exchange pipe connection setting up and down, Treat that preheated air initially enters to right Heat Room, then enter in left Heat Room through intermediate air heat exchanger tube, and change on a left side Hot cell and each one piece of perpendicular gas block panel of device in right Heat Room, effectively can delay air passage rates so that heat transfer effect is more preferable.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler, including body of heater, heat exchanger tube, cartridge filter it is characterised in that: on the right side of described body of heater top Heat exchanger tube top is connected by the first defeated smoke pipe, passes through the second defeated smoke pipe on the downside of described heat exchanger tube right-hand member and connect in cartridge filter left end Between;Described body of heater is made up of shell body, internal furnace, fire grate, upper heating water tank, lower heating water tank, smoke exhaust pipe;Described internal furnace dress Put in outer enclosure interior, described fire grate device in internal furnace interior lower end, described upper heating water tank device inside internal furnace on End, connects heating water tank under the internal middle-end of internal furnace by water-supply-pipe, and described smoke evacuation pipe device, on the right side of internal furnace top, connects The defeated smoke pipe in body of heater outer end first;Described heat exchanger tube inner upper end device water preheating chamber, lower end device air preheating chamber, described water is pre- Hot cell connects air preheating chamber by breather pipe, and described air preheating chamber bottom righthand side passes through the second defeated smoke pipe and connects cartridge filter left end Middle.
2. a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described water preheating chamber interior arrangement Water pre-heater apparatus, described water pre-heater apparatus upper right end device condensed water water inlet pipe, lower-left end device preheating water outlet pipe, described pre- Hot water outlet pipe connects upper heating water tank by the water-supply-pipe with suction pump.
3. a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described air preheat chamber interior dress Put device air preheater, described air preheater right-hand member connects the blast pipe with induced-draught fan, and left end passes through pre- hot blast Discharge pipe connects internal furnace.
4. a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described cartridge filter interior arrangement is lived Property charcoal filtering meshes, spray equipment, filter cotton, sedimentation basin, described filter cotton device in cartridge filter inner upper end, described activated carbon , in filter cotton lower end, described spray equipment device is in activated charcoal strainer layer lower end, described sedimentation tank device for filtering meshes device In cartridge filter inner bottom;Described cartridge filter top device blast pipe, upper right end device supply tank, bottom right end device drinking-water pipe, Described supply tank connects drinking-water pipe by the circulating water pipe with circulating pump, and described drinking-water pipe connects sedimentation basin, described supply tank Connect spray equipment.
5. a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler according to claim 2 it is characterised in that: described water pre-heater apparatus are by left and right Two ends are erected and are in the charge of water tank, middle many horizontal heat exchanging water pipes are constituted, and left and right two ends are erected and are in the charge of water tank by described many horizontal heat exchanging water pipes Connect.
6. a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler according to claim 3 it is characterised in that: described air preheater is by a left side Heat Room, right Heat Room, middle air heat-exchange pipe setting up and down are constituted, and described left Heat Room and right Heat Room pass through on centre The air heat-exchange pipe connection of lower setting.
7. a kind of energy-saving environment-friendly hot water boiler according to claim 6 it is characterised in that: described left Heat Room, right heat exchange One piece of perpendicular gas block panel of each device of chamber interior.
CN201620648176.2U 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 Energy -saving environment -friendly hot water boiler Expired - Fee Related CN205909501U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620648176.2U CN205909501U (en) 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 Energy -saving environment -friendly hot water boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620648176.2U CN205909501U (en) 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 Energy -saving environment -friendly hot water boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205909501U true CN205909501U (en) 2017-01-25

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107036290A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-11 王飞 A kind of vertical economizer of special smoke-less of Industrial Boiler

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107036290A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-11 王飞 A kind of vertical economizer of special smoke-less of Industrial Boiler

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170125

Termination date: 20170628