CN207716647U - Energy-saving, environmental protection boiler - Google Patents

Energy-saving, environmental protection boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207716647U
CN207716647U CN201721713079.8U CN201721713079U CN207716647U CN 207716647 U CN207716647 U CN 207716647U CN 201721713079 U CN201721713079 U CN 201721713079U CN 207716647 U CN207716647 U CN 207716647U
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energy
saving
environmental protection
flue gas
water tank
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CN201721713079.8U
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张啟忠
张焘
赵紫鲜
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张啟忠
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boilers,The flue gas of generation of burning in the boiler will not be directly discharged in air,But preheating furnace is directed by pipeline,The standby water being injected into burner block of alignment does the pre-heat treatment,To achieve the effect that energy-saving and emission-reduction,In burner block,All it is the cisten mechanism that can be absorbed heat around burned flame and flue gas,The structure makes the thermal efficiency higher of the boiler,The energy can more fully be utilized,In addition,Pass through the circulating rate of the air-blower control flue gas of power adjustable,And then control the amount into the air of combustion chamber,To control burn rate,The working efficiency of boiler entirety can be freely adjusted according to actual conditions,Avoid energy waste,Improve the utilization rate of resource,By the way that dust compartment and washing stove is arranged,By the impurity such as the particulate matter carried in flue gas and pollutant stand-down,In order to fully handle.

Description

Energy-saving, environmental protection boiler
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of boiler, especially a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler.
Background technology
Energy-saving and emission-reduction have become the theme of current socio-economic development, especially increasingly in short supply in oil, coal resources, respectively Today that kind energy prices rapidly rise, research manufacture efficient energy-saving environment-protecting stove, to maintaining the sustainable development of economic society, It protects forest resources, reduces air pollution and be of great significance,
The present inventor furthers investigate existing boiler system due to the above reasons, can to design one kind The new energy-saving, environmental protection boiler to solve the above problems.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the above problem, present inventor has performed sharp studies, design a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, the boiler The flue gas that middle burning generates will not be directly discharged in air, but be directed into preheating furnace by pipeline, and alignment is standby to be injected into combustion The water burnt in furnace body does the pre-heat treatment, to achieve the effect that energy-saving and emission-reduction, in burner block, and burned flame and flue gas week It is all the cisten mechanism that can be absorbed heat to enclose, which makes the thermal efficiency higher of the boiler, can more fully utilize the energy, is led to The circulating rate of the adjustable air-blower control flue gas of overpower, and then the amount into the air of combustion chamber is controlled, to control burning Rate can freely adjust the working efficiency of boiler entirety according to actual conditions, avoid energy waste, improve the utilization of resource Rate, in addition, by the way that dust compartment and washing stove is arranged, by the impurity such as the particulate matter carried in flue gas and pollutant stand-down, with Convenient for fully handling, to complete the utility model.
Specifically, the purpose of this utility model is to provide with a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, which includes combustion furnace Body 1 and preheating furnace body 2,
Wherein, it is provided with flue 3 and waterpipe 4 between burner block 1 and preheating furnace body 2,
Flue gas in burner block 1 is delivered to preheating furnace body 2 by flue 3,
The water preheated in furnace body 2 is delivered to burner block 1 by waterpipe 4.
Wherein, combuster 11 is set in 1 lower inside of burner block,
The lower part water tank 12 of cross section is surrounded with outside institute combustion chamber 11,
It is surrounded with flue gas chamber 13 outside the lower part water tank 12,
The flue gas chamber 13 is communicated with the combustion chamber 11,
Upper tank 14 is provided with above the flue gas chamber 13,
The flue 3 is connected with flue gas chamber 13,
The waterpipe 4 is connected with lower part water tank 12 and upper tank 14 respectively.
Wherein, water service pipe 15 is additionally provided between the upper tank 12 and lower part water tank 14.
Wherein, wind turbine 31 is provided on flue 3,
The power adjustable of the wind turbine 31.
Wherein, the lower inside of the preheating furnace body 2 is provided with 21 and second dust of the first dust compartment independent of each other Storehouse 22,
It is additionally provided with inverted u-shaped heat exchanger tube 23 in the inside of the preheating furnace body 2,
The inlet end of the heat exchanger tube 23 is located at the top of the first dust compartment 21, and the outlet side of the heat exchanger tube 23 is located at the The top of two dust compartments 22,
The flue 3 is connected between 23 inlet end of the first dust compartment 21 and heat exchanger tube.
Wherein, first dust compartment, 21 and second dust compartment 22 can take out out of preheating furnace body 2.
Wherein, Packed preheating water tank 24, the pipe shaft of the heat exchanger tube 23 are set in 2 inner upper of preheating furnace body In the preheating water tank 24, the inlet end of heat exchanger tube and outlet side are all located at 24 lower section of preheating water tank.
Wherein, the energy-saving, environmental protection boiler further includes water pump 5,
By the water pump 5 to preheating furnace body 2 24 bottom water injection of preheating water tank,
The waterpipe 4 is connected to 24 top of preheating water tank of preheating furnace body 2.
Wherein, the energy-saving, environmental protection boiler further includes washing cigarette stove 6,
Inside the preheating furnace body 2, smoke exhaust pipe 25, the smoke exhaust pipe 25 are additionally provided in the top of the second dust compartment 22 It is connected to the bottom for washing cigarette stove 6;
It is filled with water in described wash in cigarette stove 6.
Wherein, the cigarette stove 6 of washing has multiple, and the multiple cigarette stove 6 of washing is arranged in series.
Advantageous effect possessed by the utility model includes:
(1) upper tank and lower part water tank, flame and flue gas are had according to energy-saving, environmental protection boiler provided by the utility model In it is big with the contact area of water tank, the speed of the heated heating of water in water tank faster, and can reduce the temperature for giving off flue gas Degree improves the thermal efficiency;
(2) preheating furnace body is had according to energy-saving, environmental protection boiler provided by the utility model, water can be done by flue gas pre- Heat treatment further decreases flue-gas temperature, improves the thermal efficiency;
(3) it is provided with dust compartment according in the preheating furnace body of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler provided by the utility model, it can be a large amount of Ground is recycled the solid particulate matter in flue gas, reduces environmental pollution caused by flue dust;
(4) according to energy-saving, environmental protection boiler provided by the utility model have wash cigarette stove, can carrying out washing treatment flue gas, further Reduce environmental pollution caused by boiler combustion.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 shows the energy-saving, environmental protection boiler overall structure diagram according to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Drawing reference numeral explanation:
1- burner blocks
The combustion chambers 11-
The lower parts 12- water tank
13- flue gas chambers
14- upper tanks
15- water service pipes
2- preheats furnace body
The first dust compartments of 21-
The second dust compartments of 22-
23- heat exchanger tubes
24- preheating water tanks
25- smoke exhaust pipes
3- flues
31- wind turbines
4- waterpipes
5- includes water pump
6- washes cigarette stove
Specific implementation mode
The utility model is further described below by drawings and examples.By these explanations, this practicality is new The characteristics of type and advantage will become more apparent from clear.
Dedicated word " exemplary " means " being used as example, embodiment or illustrative " herein.Here as " exemplary " Illustrated any embodiment should not necessarily be construed as preferred or advantageous over other embodiments.Although each of embodiment is shown in the accompanying drawings In terms of kind, but unless otherwise indicated, it is not necessary to attached drawing drawn to scale.
According to energy-saving, environmental protection boiler provided by the utility model, as shown in fig. 1, which includes burner block 1 and pre- Hot stove body 2,
Wherein, flue 3 and waterpipe 4, the flue 3 are provided between burner block 1 and preheating furnace body 2 Can respectively have one with waterpipe 4, it is possibility to have more, can be arranged as the case may be.
Flue gas in burner block 1 is delivered to preheating furnace body 2 by flue 3,
The water preheated in furnace body 2 is delivered to burner block 1 by waterpipe 4, i.e. water in burner block all have passed through The preheating of furnace body is preheated, so having higher initial temperature.
In one preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, combuster 11 is set in 1 lower inside of burner block, Fuel, such as coal are filled in combustion chamber,
The lower part water tank 12 of cross section is surrounded with outside institute combustion chamber 11, i.e. the combustion chamber is exactly lower part water tank Space made of 12 wall surface surrounds;
It is surrounded with flue gas chamber 13 outside the lower part water tank 12, i.e., is combustion chamber, outside on the inside of the described lower part water tank It is flue gas chamber 13, the water in the water tank of lower part being capable of heated fast heating;
The flue gas chamber 13 is communicated with the combustion chamber 11, and connecting pipe passes through lower part water tank, in combustion chamber intake It, can also be with the presence of flame in the connecting pipe when larger;
Upper tank 14 is provided with above the flue gas chamber 13, which is located at the inside top of burner block, Below close to flue gas chamber, it is preferable that the upper tank can be round pie or columned structure, be only positioned at flue gas chamber Top can also be cylindric, be coated on except the top and side of flue gas chamber;
The flue 3 is connected with flue gas chamber 13, the flue gas in flue gas chamber can be sucked out so that air in flue gas chamber Negative pressure is generated, so that outside air is entered by combustion chamber in flue gas chamber;
The waterpipe 4 is connected with lower part water tank 12 and upper tank 14 respectively, can either be lower part water tank 12 and top Water tank 14 provides water to be heated, additionally it is possible to so that the water in lower part water tank 12 and upper tank 14 circulates, keep from heat Unevenness improves the heat absorption heating rate of Water in Water Tanks on the whole.
It is provided with hot water outlet at the top of the upper tank, the hot water extracted out from the hot water outlet is used to supply to heating Heat.
In one preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, between the upper tank 12 and lower part water tank 14 also It is provided with water service pipe 15, which can reinforce the cycle of the water between upper tank and lower part water tank, improve the thermal efficiency.It is described Water service pipe 15 can there are one or it is multiple, four to five are preferably arranged in parallel in the utility model.
In one preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, wind turbine 31 is provided on flue 3, by described Wind turbine provides power to flow of flue gas, it is preferable that the power adjustable of the wind turbine 31, and then the flowing speed of flue gas can be controlled Rate controls the ingress rate of outside air, to control the working efficiency of burn rate and boiler.
In one preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the lower inside of the preheating furnace body 2 is provided with that This 21 and second dust compartment 22 of independent first dust compartment,
It is additionally provided with inverted u-shaped heat exchanger tube 23 in the inside of the preheating furnace body 2,
The inlet end of the heat exchanger tube 23 is located at the top of the first dust compartment 21, and the outlet side of the heat exchanger tube 23 is located at the The top of two dust compartments 22,
The flue 3 is connected between 23 inlet end of the first dust compartment 21 and heat exchanger tube.That is flue gas is from flue 3 In when entering in preheating furnace body, be first into a closed space, the lower section in the space is the first dust compartment 21, should There are the inlet end of heat exchanger tube 23, the particulate matter that part is carried in flue gas to fall under gravity into dust compartment above space In, most of flue gas eventually enters in heat exchanger tube 23;
As a same reason, when flue gas fills the outlet side discharge of heat exchanger tube 23, wherein the partial particulate object carried can drop into the In two dust compartments 22, remaining flue gas will continue to enter in smoke exhaust pipe 25;
First dust compartment, 21 and second dust compartment 22 can take out out of preheating furnace body, you can with the first collection of timing cleaning Dirt storehouse 21 and the second dust compartment 22.
In one preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1,2 inner upper of preheating furnace body is provided with sealing Preheating water tank 24, the pipe shaft of the heat exchanger tube 23 is located in the preheating water tank 24, and the inlet end of heat exchanger tube and outlet side are all Positioned at 24 lower section of preheating water tank, flue gas is flowed through from heat exchanger tube, is transferred heat to naturally in preheating water tank 24 in the process Water so that water in preheating water tank has higher initial temperature.
In one preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the energy-saving, environmental protection boiler further includes water pump 5, passes through institute Preheating water tank 24 bottom water injection of the water pump 5 to preheating furnace body 2 is stated,
The waterpipe 4 is connected to 24 top of preheating water tank of preheating furnace body 2, i.e., waterpipe 4 will pass through in preheating water tank 24 Cross smoke pre-heating water imported into burner block lower part water tank and upper tank in heated.
In one preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the energy-saving, environmental protection boiler further includes washing cigarette stove 6,
Inside the preheating furnace body 2, smoke exhaust pipe 25, the smoke exhaust pipe 25 are additionally provided in the top of the second dust compartment 22 It is connected to the bottom for washing cigarette stove 6, is washed in cigarette stove 6 for the flue gas in preheating furnace to be delivered to,
It is filled with water in described wash in cigarette stove 6, flue gas is washed by water, further decreases harmful substances from flue gases Content, it is preferable that chemical agent can also be properly added in the water, such as to neutralize the white lime of acidic materials.
In one preferred embodiment, the cigarette stove 6 of washing has multiple, and the multiple cigarette stove 6 of washing is arranged in series, i.e., The flue gas being discharged in cigarette stove is washed from first can be passed into another again and wash in cigarette stove, do further cleaning treatment, and Each wash can also have different chemical agents in the water added in cigarette stove, to be done at specific aim for different comburants Reason.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the fingers such as term "upper", "lower", "inner", "outside" " preceding " " rear " The orientation or positional relationship shown is to be merely for convenience of describing based on the orientation or positional relationship under utility model works state The utility model and simplified description, do not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have a particular orientation, with spy Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second " are only For descriptive purposes, it is not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
The utility model is illustrated above in association with preferred embodiment, but these embodiments are only models Example property, only play the role of illustrative.On this basis, a variety of replacements and improvement can be carried out to the utility model, these It each falls in the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of energy-saving, environmental protection boiler, which is characterized in that the boiler include burner block (1) and preheating furnace body (2),
Wherein, it is provided with flue (3) and waterpipe (4) between burner block (1) and preheating furnace body (2),
Flue gas in burner block (1) is delivered to preheating furnace body (2) by flue (3),
The water preheated in furnace body (2) is delivered to burner block (1) by waterpipe (4).
2. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
In burner block (1) lower inside, combuster (11) is set,
The lower part water tank (12) of cross section is surrounded with outside institute combustion chamber (11),
It is surrounded with flue gas chamber (13) outside the lower part water tank (12),
The flue gas chamber (13) communicates with the combustion chamber (11),
It is provided with upper tank (14) above the flue gas chamber (13),
The flue (3) is connected with flue gas chamber (13),
The waterpipe (4) is connected with lower part water tank (12) and upper tank (14) respectively.
3. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 2, which is characterized in that
Water service pipe (15) is additionally provided between the upper tank (12) and lower part water tank (14).
4. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
Wind turbine (31) is provided on flue (3),
The power of the wind turbine (31) can be adjusted.
5. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The lower inside of the preheating furnace body (2) is provided with the first dust compartment (21) independent of each other and the second dust compartment (22),
It is additionally provided with inverted u-shaped heat exchanger tube (23) in the inside of the preheating furnace body (2),
The inlet end of the heat exchanger tube (23) is located at the top of the first dust compartment (21), and the outlet side of the heat exchanger tube (23) is located at The top of second dust compartment (22),
The flue (3) is connected between the first dust compartment (21) and heat exchanger tube (23) inlet end.
6. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 5, which is characterized in that
First dust compartment (21) and the second dust compartment (22) can take out out of preheating furnace body (2).
7. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 5, which is characterized in that
In preheating furnace body (2) inner upper, Packed preheating water tank (24), the pipe shaft position of the heat exchanger tube (23) are set In the preheating water tank (24), the inlet end of heat exchanger tube and outlet side are all located at below preheating water tank (24).
8. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The energy-saving, environmental protection boiler further includes water pump (5),
By the water pump (5) to preheating furnace body (2) preheating water tank (24) bottom water injection,
The waterpipe (4) is connected at the top of the preheating water tank (24) of preheating furnace body (2).
9. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 5, which is characterized in that
The energy-saving, environmental protection boiler further includes washing cigarette stove (6),
It is internal in the preheating furnace body (2), smoke exhaust pipe (25), the smoke exhaust pipe are additionally provided with above the second dust compartment (22) (25) it is connected to the bottom for washing cigarette stove (6);
It is filled with water in described wash in cigarette stove (6).
10. energy-saving, environmental protection boiler according to claim 9, which is characterized in that
The cigarette stove (6) of washing has multiple, and the multiple cigarette stove (6) of washing is arranged in series.
CN201721713079.8U 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Energy-saving, environmental protection boiler Active CN207716647U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721713079.8U CN207716647U (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Energy-saving, environmental protection boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721713079.8U CN207716647U (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Energy-saving, environmental protection boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207716647U true CN207716647U (en) 2018-08-10

Family

ID=63060435

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721713079.8U Active CN207716647U (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Energy-saving, environmental protection boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207716647U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112344561A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-02-09 湖南怀化俊诚环保节能科技有限公司 Energy-saving and environment-friendly hot water system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112344561A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-02-09 湖南怀化俊诚环保节能科技有限公司 Energy-saving and environment-friendly hot water system

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