CN205822127U - There is the vertical breakwater of stream alongside function - Google Patents

There is the vertical breakwater of stream alongside function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205822127U
CN205822127U CN201620818267.6U CN201620818267U CN205822127U CN 205822127 U CN205822127 U CN 205822127U CN 201620818267 U CN201620818267 U CN 201620818267U CN 205822127 U CN205822127 U CN 205822127U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
levee
buffer
magnet
energy
passage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201620818267.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宁德志
勾莹
赵玄烈
赵海涛
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Dalian University of Technology
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Dalian University of Technology
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Priority to CN201620818267.6U priority Critical patent/CN205822127U/en
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Publication of CN205822127U publication Critical patent/CN205822127U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/11Hard structures, e.g. dams, dykes or breakwaters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/30Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation in transportation, e.g. on roads, waterways or railways

Abstract

This utility model relates to a kind of vertical breakwater with stream alongside function, belongs to hydrotechnics field, harbour.This has the vertical breakwater of stream alongside function, including being provided with rope machine of putting on levee body and levee body, is provided with flow channels in described levee body, and the side of levee body is provided with wave wall, installs and help pool system below described wave wall;The described lower section helping pool system is provided with gate, puts rope machine and is provided with steel wire rope, and described steel wire rope is connected by assembly pulley and through the passage one being laid in levee body with gate;This utility model can realize the ideal effect of breakwater " disappear wave stream thoroughly ", and during billow, Neng Douduigang district forms effectively shielding, reduces Sediment Siltation in port at ordinary times, can alleviate the hull impact failure to harbour simultaneously, be suitable for promoting the use of.

Description

There is the vertical breakwater of stream alongside function
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of vertical breakwater with stream alongside function, belongs to harbour hydrotechnics neck Territory.
Background technology
Breakwater is the impulsive force of blocking-up wave, goes along with sb. to guard him basin, the maintenance water surface steadily to protect harbour from bad weather shadow Ring so that safety of ship berths and operation and building in the water built.Breakwater may also function as preventing wave erosion water front Effect.It is the important component part of the coastal port of artificial shielding.Allow that wave height is at 0.5~1.0 meter in general provision port Between, concrete by the different parts in waters, boats and ships dissimilar and tonnage it needs to be determined that.Breakwater Chang Youyi, two roads with Jetty or unconnected offshore breakwater that bank connects form, or are collectively constituted by jetty and offshore breakwater.The waters of breakwater shielding often has one Individual or several mouthful of door passes in and out for ship.
As Application No. CN104912028A discloses a kind of circular floating breakwater.Identical including multiple radius of curvature Circular arc floating anti-ripple unit be formed by connecting, be fixed on deep water islands and reefs with anchor chain.Without consider main wave direction and wave around The problem such as penetrate, at sea form the most circular waters.Circular arc behavior of members under loading is good, acts on circular floating breakwater Wave force less and all by the center of circle, levee body is not produced tilting moment.Monolithic circular arc floating anti-ripple unit can be on land Upper prefabricated, at sea to install, every piece of circular arc floating anti-ripple unit all can independently float on sea, even if breakwater section is damaged, Remaining still can float on sea and play a role, and resists wave and attacks, only need to change wherein one section or several sections of circular arcs during maintenance Floating anti-ripple unit, maintenance efficiency is high.This utility model overcomes tradition breakwater and is not suitable for the shortcoming at deep-sea, structure stress Stable, maintenance cost is low, it is adaptable to the deep water sea area that surrounding is open, wave action is strong, wave direction is indefinite.
And for example Application No. CN102155000A discloses a kind of breakwater that can utilize wave-activated power generation, at described cylinder The side that meets water of type breakwater is provided with water storage structure, and described water storage structure includes that two affixed with described cartridge type breakwater block up side wall, Two to block up the bottom of described side wall affixed with described reinforced concrete cover plate, and two block up described side wall is provided with inclination and meets water fixing front Plate, the bottom of described fixing front apron is affixed with described reinforced concrete cover plate, described reinforced concrete cover plate, two blocks up described side Wall, described cartridge type breakwater and described fixing front apron form the cistern of water storage structure, are provided with described storage in described cistern The support frame of water-bound;The sluicing runner connected with cistern, described sluicing stream it is provided with in the bottom of described cartridge type breakwater Road is logical passes through described cartridge type breakwater;In described sluicing runner, hydro-generating Unit is installed.The existing anti-wave energy of this utility model, Having again apparatus for generating electricity by wave force, structural stability concurrently, energy conversion efficiency is high, it is achieved that the structure optimization of breakwater.
There is substantial amounts of active service Structures in Port Engineering in China, along with the development of national economy, also will have substantial amounts of harbour work Cheng Jianshe also puts into operation.The silting of current breakwater is serious, is required for periodic cleaning, and the cost so safeguarded can be very Greatly, simultaneously in boats and ships docking process, breakwater can be clashed under wave operation by boats and ships, although has bumper, but Levee body still can be caused damage by impact.
Utility model content
This utility model overcomes the problem that prior art exists, it is proposed that a kind of vertical breakwater, this utility model Based on can effectively reduce the alluvial of silt, the hull impact failure to levee body can be alleviated simultaneously, have alongside function concurrently.
The technical solution of the utility model:
There is the vertical breakwater of stream alongside function, including being provided with rope machine of putting, described levee body on levee body and levee body Inside being provided with flow channels, the side of levee body is provided with wave wall, installs and help pool system below described wave wall;Described help pool The lower section of system is provided with gate, puts rope machine and is provided with steel wire rope, and described steel wire rope is by assembly pulley and through being laid in levee body Interior passage one is connected with gate;
Described drainage channel includes passage two, is provided with roll tube, described roll tube and passage two in described passage two Cutting ferrule it is provided with between inwall;Described passage two be arranged over Machine Room, motor is installed, on described roll tube in Machine Room Being provided with gear, motor connects to be had turbine and worm to engage with gear thus pipe is rotated and rotates in passage two;
Buffer vehicle, the head of described buffer vehicle are sequentially provided with the first magnet, the second magnet from top to bottom to help pool system to include With the 3rd magnet;The afterbody of described buffer vehicle is provided with the 4th magnet;The energy-absorbing suitable with the 4th magnet it is provided with in described levee body Mechanism;
Described energy absorber includes the first energy absorber, the second energy absorber and the 3rd being arranged under upper on levee body Energy absorber;The bottom of described buffer vehicle is provided with roller;Being provided with water pump inside described buffer vehicle, described water pump connects water-supply-pipe, Described buffer vehicle top is provided with jet pipe, and described jet pipe is connected with water-supply-pipe.
Preferentially, described first energy absorber includes the first buffer stopper being arranged on levee body, and described first buffer stopper is even Connecing the first spring, described first spring connects the first energy-absorbing magnet;Described second energy absorber includes be arranged in levee body Two buffer stoppers, described second buffer stopper connects the second spring, and described second spring connects the second energy-absorbing magnet;Described 3rd energy-absorbing Mechanism includes that the 3rd buffer stopper being arranged in levee body, described 3rd buffer stopper connect the 3rd spring, and described 3rd spring connects 3rd energy-absorbing magnet.
Preferentially, the volume of described second buffer stopper is more than the first buffer stopper and the volume of the 3rd buffer stopper;Described levee body Interior one end is provided with stopper;The inner side of described stopper is provided with the track matched with roller.
Preferentially, described motor is that PLC controls motor.
The beneficial effects of the utility model this utility model, based on can effectively reduce the alluvial of silt, can subtract simultaneously The light hull impact failure to levee body, has alongside function concurrently, is suitable for promoting the use of.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this utility model vertical breakwater.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 gate is closed.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of drainage channel.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation helping pool system.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of energy absorber.
In figure: 101 put rope machine;102 assembly pulleys;104 gates;105 levee bodys;
106 flow channels;1061 roll tubes;1062 passages two;1063 cutting ferrules;1064 gears;1065 turbine and worms;1066 Motor;1067 Machine Rooms;
110 steel wire ropes;111 passages one;200 help pool system;500 wave walls;
5 buffer vehicle;6 first magnets;7 second magnets;8 the 3rd magnets;9 rollers;10 water pumps;11 water-supply-pipes;12 jet pipes;13 4th magnet;
14 first energy absorbers;141 first buffer stoppers;142 first springs;143 first energy-absorbing magnets;
15 second energy absorbers;151 second buffer stoppers;152 second springs;153 second energy-absorbing magnets;
16 the 3rd energy absorbers;161 the 3rd buffer stoppers;162 the 3rd springs;163 the 3rd energy-absorbing magnets;
17 stoppers.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and technical scheme, further illustrate detailed description of the invention of the present utility model.
Embodiment
As it can be seen, vertical breakwater, including levee body 105, levee body 105 is provided with rope machine 101 of putting, described levee body Being provided with drainage channel 106 in 105, the side of levee body 105 is provided with wave wall 500, is provided with below described anti-wave wall 500 Help pool system 200.
The described lower section helping pool system 200 is provided with gate 104, puts rope machine 101 and is provided with steel wire rope 110, described steel wire Rope 110 is connected by assembly pulley 102 and through the passage 1 being laid in levee body 105 with gate 104;Without wave when, Gate 10 is in collapsed state, and drainage channel 106 can increase inside and outside water flowing by through inside and outside levee body 105, reduce silt heap Long-pending.In the case of the wave is high, put rope machine 101 lower wire rope 110 and make gate 10 be closed by drainage channel 106, stop that wave passes In entering a port.
Drainage channel 106 is provided with roll tube 1061, described roll tube in including passage 2 1062 described in passage 2 1062 Cutting ferrule 1063 it is provided with between 1061 and the inwall of passage 2 1062;Described passage 2 1062 be arranged over Machine Room 1067, Being provided with motor 1066 in Machine Room 1067, described roll tube 1061 is provided with gear 1064, motor 1066 connects whirlpool Worm and gear 1065 engages with gear 1064 thus pipe 1061 is rotated and rotates in passage 2 1062.At drainage channel 106 In long-time use, roll tube 1061 can pile up silt for a long time, pipe is periodically rotated with crossing by PLC control motor 1066 1061 rotate in passage 2 1062, make silt flowing in roll tube 1061, prevent from piling up.
Help pool system 200 include buffer vehicle 5, the head of described buffer vehicle 5 be sequentially provided with from top to bottom the first magnet 6, Two magnet 7 and the 3rd magnets 8;The afterbody of described buffer vehicle 5 is provided with the 4th magnet 13;It is provided with and the 4th magnetic in described levee body 105 The energy absorber that body 13 is suitable.
Energy absorber includes being arranged on first energy absorber the 14, second energy absorber 15 in levee body 105 under upper With the 3rd energy absorber 16;The bottom of described buffer vehicle 5 is provided with roller 9;Described buffer vehicle 5 is internal is provided with water pump 10, described water Pump 10 connects water-supply-pipe 11, and described buffer vehicle 5 top is provided with jet pipe 12, and described jet pipe 12 is connected with water-supply-pipe 11.
First energy absorber 14 includes the first buffer stopper 141 being arranged on levee body 105, and described first buffer stopper 141 is even Connecing the first spring 142, described first spring 142 connects the first energy-absorbing magnet 143;Described second energy absorber 15 includes being arranged on The second buffer stopper 151 in levee body 105, described second buffer stopper 151 connects the second spring 152, and described second spring 152 connects Second energy-absorbing magnet 153;Described 3rd energy absorber 16 includes the 3rd buffer stopper 161 being arranged in levee body 105, the described 3rd Buffer stopper 161 connects the 3rd spring 162, and described 3rd spring 162 connects the 3rd energy-absorbing magnet 163.
The volume of the second buffer stopper 151 is more than the first buffer stopper 141 and volume of the 3rd buffer stopper 161;Described levee body 105 Interior one end is provided with stopper 17;The inner side of described stopper 17 is provided with the track matched with roller 9.
By the buffer vehicle 5 arranged in the lower section of levee body 105, the strength of boats and ships is absorbed and is given to energy absorber 16, logical The buffering crossing energy absorber 16 realizes the stable stop of boats and ships, and simultaneous buffering car is provided with water injector, it is possible to towards with boats and ships The opposite direction stopping direction is sprayed water, and further the kinetic energy in opposing boats and ships docking process, coordinates energy absorber 16 more preferable Play a role.
In addition to the implementation, this utility model can also have other embodiments.All employing equivalents or equivalence become Change the technical scheme of formation, all fall within the protection domain of this utility model requirement.

Claims (4)

1. there is the vertical breakwater of stream alongside function, put rope machine including being provided with on levee body (105) and levee body (105) (101), it is characterised in that be provided with flow channels (106) in described levee body (105), the side of levee body (105) is provided with gear Wave wall (500), described wave wall (500) lower section is installed and is helped pool system (200);The described lower section helping pool system (200) Being provided with gate (104), put rope machine (101) and be provided with steel wire rope (110), described steel wire rope (110) passes through assembly pulley (102) And be connected through the passage one (111) being laid in levee body (105) with gate (104);
Described flow channels (106) includes passage two (1062), is provided with roll tube (1061) in passage two (1062), rotates It is provided with cutting ferrule (1063) between pipe (1061) and the inwall of passage two (1062);Passage two (1062) be arranged over Machine Room (1067), motor (1066) is installed in Machine Room (1067), roll tube (1061) is provided with gear (1064), motor (1066) upper connection has turbine and worm (1065) to engage with gear (1064), thus pipe (1061) is rotated at passage two (1062) rotate in;
Described help pool system (200) to include buffer vehicle (5), the head of buffer vehicle (5) are sequentially provided with the first magnet from top to bottom (6), the second magnet (7) and the 3rd magnet (8);The afterbody of buffer vehicle (5) is provided with the 4th magnet (13);Levee body is provided with in (105) The energy absorber suitable with the 4th magnet (13);
Described energy absorber includes being arranged on the first energy absorber (14) in levee body (105), the second energy-absorbing under upper Mechanism (15) and the 3rd energy absorber (16);The bottom of buffer vehicle (5) is provided with roller (9);Buffer vehicle (5) is internal is provided with water pump (10), water pump (10) connects water-supply-pipe (11), and buffer vehicle (5) top is provided with jet pipe (12), jet pipe (12) and water-supply-pipe (11) phase Even.
Vertical breakwater the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described the first energy absorber (14) includes setting Putting the first buffer stopper (141) on levee body (105), the first buffer stopper (141) connects the first spring (142), the first spring (142) the first energy-absorbing magnet (143) is connected;Second energy absorber (15) includes the second buffer stopper being arranged in levee body (105) (151), the second buffer stopper (151) connects the second spring (152), and the second spring (152) connects the second energy-absorbing magnet (153);The Three energy absorbers (16) include that the 3rd buffer stopper (161) being arranged in levee body (105), the 3rd buffer stopper (161) connect the 3rd Spring (162), the 3rd spring (162) connects the 3rd energy-absorbing magnet (163).
Vertical breakwater the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the volume of described second buffer stopper (151) is big In the first buffer stopper (141) and the volume of the 3rd buffer stopper (161);One end in described levee body (105) is provided with stopper (17); The inner side of described stopper (17) is provided with the track matched with roller (9).
4. according to the vertical breakwater according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that: described motor (1066) is PLC controls motor.
CN201620818267.6U 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 There is the vertical breakwater of stream alongside function Withdrawn - After Issue CN205822127U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620818267.6U CN205822127U (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 There is the vertical breakwater of stream alongside function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106049351A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-26 大连理工大学 Vertical breakwater with function of enabling ships to go alongside through tide

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106049351A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-26 大连理工大学 Vertical breakwater with function of enabling ships to go alongside through tide
CN106049351B (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-12-26 大连理工大学 Vertical breakwater with saturating stream berthing function

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20161221

Effective date of abandoning: 20171226