CN205809705U - Solar energy tracking interconnects robot - Google Patents

Solar energy tracking interconnects robot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205809705U
CN205809705U CN201620681134.9U CN201620681134U CN205809705U CN 205809705 U CN205809705 U CN 205809705U CN 201620681134 U CN201620681134 U CN 201620681134U CN 205809705 U CN205809705 U CN 205809705U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drive
support
tracking
guide rail
principal post
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201620681134.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张胜平
张翼鹏
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张胜平
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Priority to CN201620681134.9U priority Critical patent/CN205809705U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses solar energy tracking and interconnect robot, it includes drive mechanism, Bearings tracking drive mechanism, elevation angle tracking drive mechanism (7), and drive mechanism is connected with some Bearings tracking drive mechanisms by shaft coupling (4), mutual shaft coupling (6), bearing block (5);Described drive mechanism includes motor (1), reductor (2);Described Bearings tracking drive mechanism includes turbine worm type of reduction gearing (3), principal post base (19), principal post (9) and the support main shaft (11) being arranged on principal post and main support (16);Described elevation angle tracking drive mechanism includes slide block (700), foxy (701), elbow guide rail (702).Having the V-arrangement face solar condenser of the composition such as main support, photo-thermal luminous reflectance support, when focusing ratio is 2, solar energy tracking of the present utility model interconnects the solar electrical energy generation amount of photovoltaic and photothermal assembly of robot unit are, generated output improves 100%.

Description

Solar energy tracking interconnects robot
Technical field
This utility model relates to photovoltaic and photothermal solar equipment tracking technique field, especially relates to a kind of solar energy tracking Interconnection robot.
Background technology
Due to the rotation of the earth, relative to the photovoltaic and photothermal solar electricity generation system of some fixed location, 1 year spring and summer Four seasons autumn and winter, every light rise sunset, and the lighting angle of the sun the most all in change, the most effectively ensures photovoltaic Photo-thermal assembly can the moment just to the sun, it is present photovoltaic and photothermal solar technical field of power generation that generating efficiency reaches optimum state Faced by long-term needs, during solar tracking system is photovoltaic and photo-thermal power generation, optimization sunlight utilizes, and reaches to improve The machinery of photoelectric transformation efficiency and ECU system, just power set to sun when keeping photovoltaic and photothermal solar, it is possible to Significantly improve the photoelectric efficiency of solar photovoltaic assembly, but solar tracking device in the market still suffers from problems with: 1, The tumblers such as double-shaft solar tracing machine is separately to drive too much, and the big cost of power consumption is high, motor and various sensor and electricity The consumptions such as control are big and can not mutually link;2, whole system load is bigger so that integrated steel-structure and transmission machinery each Part can not lightweight;3, single-axis solar tracing machine regulates actuating device without elevation angle, and its tracking error is big, follow the tracks of essence Spending the highest, generating efficiency (or photovoltaic and photothermal overall efficiency) is low.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome photovoltaic and photothermal solar device tracking system in above-mentioned prior art to exist Deficiency, it is provided that a kind of improve solar energy utilization ratio, tracking accuracy is high, follow the tracks of plant equipment lightweight, azimuth and elevation angle Regulating linkage, the solar energy tracking reducing resource consumption and reduction cost interconnects robot.
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is adopted the technical scheme that: solar energy tracking interconnects robot, bag Include drive mechanism, Bearings tracking drive mechanism, elevation angle tracking drive mechanism, drive mechanism and some Bearings tracking transmissions Mechanism is connected;Described drive mechanism includes motor, reductor;Described Bearings tracking drive mechanism includes that turbine worm and gear subtracts Speed device, principal post base, principal post and the support main shaft being arranged on principal post and main support;Described elevation angle tracking drive mechanism bag Include slide block, slippery fellow, elbow guide rail, top bolt, ratchet bar, ratchet, main bearing, tooth bar push rod, sector gear, guide rail silk Bar, ratchet is arranged in main bearing and connects ratchet bar, and described top bolt is arranged on height corresponding with ratchet bar on principal post Degree position, slide block is movably arranged on slippery fellow, one end of slide block connecting bend guide rail, the other end of elbow guide rail and guide rail screw mandrel Upper end thereof at the lower end correspondence position of tooth bar push rod, guide rail screw mandrel engages with the nut in ratchet, the upper end of tooth bar push rod Tooth bar engages with the sector gear on support main shaft.
Further, also including that spring equalizing device, described spring equalizing device one end are fixed on principal post, the other end leads to Overbalance rope is fixed on balance rope sheave.
Further, described tooth bar push rod connects bearing bracket stand, and being connected by upper pin in bearing bracket stand has travelling wheel, travelling wheel to push down Elbow guide rail.
Further, described main support two ends are symmetrically arranged with assistant support, and on assistant support, symmetry is tiltedly installed with photo-thermal light Reflection support, is connected by steel wire rope between photo-thermal luminous reflectance support.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: compared with prior art, 1, employing multiple stage interconnection and azimuth, elevation angle linkage Mode, it is only necessary to use a set of drive mechanism (motor, reductor), worm type of reduction gearing etc. just can drive twin shaft regulation height Angle and azimuth, a large amount of minimizing consumes and cost;2, elevation angle mechanical driving device is driven fine setting, structure by principal post rigid water hammer Reasonable in design, tracking accuracy is greatly improved;3, spring equalizing device is used to balance the power that main support brings when following the tracks of the sun With the change of moment, power of motor can be lowered so that equipment lightweight and cost thereof reduce;4, there is main support, photo-thermal light The V-arrangement face solar condenser of the compositions such as reflection support, when focusing ratio is 2, the solar energy tracking of the present invention interconnects robot list The solar electrical energy generation amount of photovoltaic and photothermal assembly, generated output (or photoelectricity, photo-thermal overall efficiency) that plane amasss improve 100%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is the structure enlarged diagram of elevation angle tracking drive mechanism of the present utility model,
Fig. 3 is the right TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 2.
In the drawings, 1, motor 2, reductor 3, worm type of reduction gearing 4, shaft coupling 5, bearing block 6, mutual shaft coupling 7, Elevation angle tracking drive mechanism 700, slide block 701, slippery fellow 702, elbow guide rail 703, top bolt 704, pawl bar 705, ratchet 706, main bearing 707, upper pin 708, bearing bracket stand 709, travelling wheel 710, pole socket 711, tooth bar push rod 712, Sector gear 713, guide rail screw mandrel 8, spring equalizing device 9, principal post 10, balance rope sheave 11, support main shaft 12, photo-thermal light Reflection support 13, photo-thermal luminous reflectance assembly 14, steel wire rope 15, photovoltaic and photothermal assembly 16, main support 17, assistant support 18, Photovoltaic module 19, principal post base.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art be more fully understood that the technical solution of the utility model, combine tool below according to accompanying drawing Body embodiment describes in further detail this utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, described solar energy tracking interconnects robot, including drive mechanism, Bearings tracking driver Structure, elevation angle tracking drive mechanism 7, drive mechanism is positioned on the worm screw of worm type of reduction gearing 3 by shaft coupling 4(), interconnection Axle 6, bearing block 5 are connected with some Bearings tracking drive mechanisms, and described drive mechanism includes the preferred frequency conversion motor of motor 1(), Reductor 2(preferred multiple-stage harmonic motor);Described Bearings tracking drive mechanism includes turbine worm type of reduction gearing 3, principal post Base 19, principal post 9 and the support main shaft 11 being arranged on principal post and main support 16(are provided with photovoltaic and photothermal assembly 15); Described elevation angle tracking drive mechanism include slide block 700, foxy 701, elbow guide rail 702, top bolt 703, ratchet bar 704, Ratchet 705, main bearing 706, tooth bar push rod 711, sector gear 712, guide rail screw mandrel 713, ratchet is arranged in main bearing And connecting ratchet bar, described top bolt is arranged on height and position corresponding with ratchet bar on principal post, and slide block is movably arranged on cunning (i.e. slide block can move freely on slippery fellow), one end of slide block connecting bend guide rail, the other end of elbow guide rail and guide rail on head The upper end thereof of screw mandrel engages with the nut in ratchet at the lower end correspondence position of tooth bar push rod, guide rail screw mandrel, tooth bar push rod Upper end tooth bar engages with the sector gear on support main shaft.
In order to balance power and the change of moment that main support brings when following the tracks of the sun, it is possible to decrease power of motor so that whole Body steel construction and equipment lightweight, present invention additionally comprises in spring equalizing device 8(figure as being symmetrical arranged), described spring balancing fills Putting one end to be fixed on principal post, the other end is fixed on balance rope sheave 10 by balance rope.
As preferably, described main support two ends are also symmetrically arranged with assistant support 17, and assistant support is provided with photovoltaic module 18), on assistant support, symmetry is tiltedly installed with photo-thermal luminous reflectance support 12(and is provided with photo-thermal luminous reflectance assembly 13), its composition For V-arrangement face solar concentrator, being connected by steel wire rope 14 between photo-thermal luminous reflectance support, steel wire rope is at photovoltaic (photo-thermal) assembly Between the top of overlapping the slot, the effect of steel wire rope is to ensure that precision and the condenser lightweight structure of condenser.
It addition, described tooth bar push rod is also associated with bearing bracket stand 708, bearing bracket stand is connected by upper pin 707 and has travelling wheel 709, Tooth bar push rod is then cased with pole socket 710, and pole socket is bolted on principal post, and its effect is tooth while track side's parallactic angle Bar push rod 711 upper end tooth bar promotes sector gear 712, support main shaft 11 and main support etc. to follow the tracks of solar energy elevation angle, walks wheel load Elbow guide rail walks about (there is support roller lower section) up and down with the rotation of principal post.
Certainly, this utility model also includes that (conventional sensor has light cell, photoconductive resistance, photoelectricity for controller, sensor Pipe and bimetal strip etc.), described controller includes the conventional control parts such as PLC, and its effect is the longitude and latitude etc. according to nest point Information calculates the angle at the place of the sun the most in the same time of the every day in 1 year, and the position of sun by moment each in 1 year is deposited Store up and PLC etc. accurately control drive mechanism carries out azimuth, elevation angle adjusts, additionally include wind load, moment of friction, The LOAD FOR such as angular acceleration, wherein said azimuth adjusting range is 0-180 °, and described elevation angle adjusting range is 0-90 °.
Operation principle: being controlled motor, reductor etc. by PLC converter etc. and drive worm type of reduction gearing, worm and gear subtracts Shaft coupling and mutual shaft coupling on the worm screw of speed device couple, and interconnect robot for next solar energy and provide power, and are fixed on snail Principal post on the turbine of worm and gear decelerator horizontally rotates track side's parallactic angle towards East and West direction together with the bolt of top, and top bolt exists Rotating to pawl seat when putting, the ratchet in driving pawl seat, ratchet etc. drive main bearing simultaneously rotates, and the nut in the middle of ratchet (for ensureing two elbow guide rails synchronous workings, its other end is respectively arranged with to pull guide rail screw mandrel and two hinged elbow guide rails One slide block moves horizontally in foxy seat), two elbow guide rails up arch, and make bearing bracket stand and travelling wheel, upper pin and tooth bar push rod Up move thus rotate sector gear, sector gear swinging mounting main shaft, main support, assistant support, photo-thermal luminous reflectance support etc. Follow the tracks of sun altitude together, make sunlight vertical irradiation photovoltaic, photo-thermal assembly panel on, thus improve solar energy conversion light Electricity, the efficiency of photo-thermal, have the V-arrangement face solar condenser of the composition such as main support, photo-thermal luminous reflectance support, be 2 at focusing ratio Time, the solar energy tracking of the present invention interconnects the solar electrical energy generation amount of photovoltaic and photothermal assembly of robot unit are, generated output (or photoelectricity, photo-thermal overall efficiency) improves 100%.
Embodiment of above is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted, although with reference to specific embodiment This utility model is described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to skill of the present utility model Art scheme is modified or equivalent, and without deviating from the spirit and scope of technical solutions of the utility model, it all should be contained In protective scope of the claims of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. solar energy tracking interconnection robot, it is characterised in that: it includes drive mechanism, Bearings tracking drive mechanism, highly Angle tracking drive mechanism (7), drive mechanism is passed with some Bearings trackings by shaft coupling (4), mutual shaft coupling (6), bearing block (5) Motivation structure is connected;Described drive mechanism includes motor (1), reductor (2);Described Bearings tracking drive mechanism includes turbine snail Worm and gear decelerator (3), principal post base (19), principal post (9) and the support main shaft (11) being arranged on principal post and main support (16);Described elevation angle tracking drive mechanism includes slide block (700), foxy (701), elbow guide rail (702), top bolt (703), ratchet bar (704), ratchet (705), main bearing (706), tooth bar push rod (711), sector gear (712), guide rail silk Bar (713), ratchet is arranged in main support seat and connects ratchet bar, and described top bolt is arranged on principal post corresponding with ratchet bar Height and position, slide block is movably arranged on slippery fellow, one end of slide block connecting bend guide rail, the other end of elbow guide rail and guide rail The upper end thereof of screw mandrel engages with the nut in ratchet at the lower end correspondence position of tooth bar push rod, guide rail screw mandrel, tooth bar push rod Upper end tooth bar engages with the sector gear on support main shaft.
Solar energy tracking the most according to claim 1 interconnects robot, it is characterised in that: also include spring equalizing device (8), described spring equalizing device one end is fixed on principal post, and the other end is fixed in balance rope sheave (10) by balance rope.
Solar energy tracking the most according to claim 1 interconnects robot, it is characterised in that: described tooth bar push rod connects axle Bolster (708), is connected by upper pin (707) in bearing bracket stand and has travelling wheel (709), and travelling wheel pushes down elbow guide rail.
Solar energy tracking the most according to claim 1 interconnects robot, it is characterised in that: described main support two ends symmetry sets Being equipped with assistant support (17), on assistant support, symmetry is tiltedly installed with photo-thermal luminous reflectance support (12), logical between photo-thermal luminous reflectance support Cross steel wire rope (14) to connect.
CN201620681134.9U 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Solar energy tracking interconnects robot Withdrawn - After Issue CN205809705U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620681134.9U CN205809705U (en) 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Solar energy tracking interconnects robot

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620681134.9U CN205809705U (en) 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Solar energy tracking interconnects robot

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205809705U true CN205809705U (en) 2016-12-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620681134.9U Withdrawn - After Issue CN205809705U (en) 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Solar energy tracking interconnects robot

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN205809705U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105938373A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-09-14 张胜平 Solar tracking interconnection robot
CN107521577A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-12-29 昆明理工大学 A kind of emergency relief Material Transportation robot

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105938373A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-09-14 张胜平 Solar tracking interconnection robot
CN105938373B (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-09-18 张胜平 Solar energy tracking interconnects robot
CN107521577A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-12-29 昆明理工大学 A kind of emergency relief Material Transportation robot

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20161214

Effective date of abandoning: 20180918

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned