CN205636671U - A stake woods dam for mud -rock flow protection - Google Patents

A stake woods dam for mud -rock flow protection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205636671U
CN205636671U CN201620457893.7U CN201620457893U CN205636671U CN 205636671 U CN205636671 U CN 205636671U CN 201620457893 U CN201620457893 U CN 201620457893U CN 205636671 U CN205636671 U CN 205636671U
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China
Prior art keywords
tire
mud
pile body
rock flow
pile
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CN201620457893.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张超
龙军飞
陈世全
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PowerChina Chengdu Engineering Co Ltd
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PowerChina Chengdu Engineering Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering field, concretely relates to stake woods dam that is used for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering's mud -rock flow protection. The utility model provides an impact resistance higher and can the volume of reducing the engineering with a stake woods dam for mud -rock flow protection of cost, including pile body structure and contact crossbeam, the pile body structure is provided with at least two rows, and the top of two adjacent pile body structures is connected to the contact crossbeam, the pile body structure includes concrete pile and tire, concrete pile's the fixed embedding in bottom is in the earth's surface, the ground segment at concrete pile is established to the tire cover. The pile body structure is formed with the junked tire combination by concrete pile, brings the advantage of the two jointly into play. Junked tire parcel is outside at concrete pile, has effectively utilized the flexible characteristic of tire itself, and its self material has fine elasticity, warp and elimination or reduce the impact energy of block stone or huge stone through the atress.

Description

Stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection
Technical field
This utility model relates to Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering field, is specifically related to the stake that a kind of mud-rock flow for Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering protects Woods dam.
Background technology
Mud-rock flow refers to landslide or the mighty torrent caused under heavy rain, severe snow, earthquake or other natural disaster effects, and takes Carry the solid sundries such as a large amount of silt and stone.This natural disaster mostly occurs in the precipitous area of Narrow Valleys, landform, has prominent The property sent out, flow velocity are fast, last the features such as short, flow is big, solid matter is many, destructive power is strong.
In recent years, the water power great development of Southwestern China area, many Hydropower Station Constructions or running are endangered by mud-rock flow, Have a strong impact on the construction of hydroelectric project, and jeopardize the life security of workmen, cause huge economic loss and society's shadow simultaneously Ring.At present, occur to tumble from eminence with block stone or megalith and cause damage the hugest, to block stone or megalith during mud-rock flow Interception become the key of Controlling Debris Flow success or failure, wherein applying more structure is reinforced concrete pile woods dam.
But, this structure belongs to rigid body, and shock resistance is the best, broken by block stone impact site, and cost is high, safeguards into This height, repairs difficulty greatly, and the mud-rock flow region more especially for features as poor geologic condition, frequent generation dropstone or solid sundries is fitted Answering property is poor.
It addition, China's junked tire quantity increases year by year, the reasonable response rate is low, and part tire is buried or stacks, and pollutes. If junked tire secondary being utilized, turning waste into wealth and construction costs will be greatly reduced, also contribute for environmental protection simultaneously.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model be to provide a kind of impact resistance higher and can reduce quantities and cost for The stake woods dam of mud-rock flow protection.
This utility model solves the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection that its technical problem is used, including pile body structure and contact horizontal stroke Beam, described pile body structure is provided with at least two rows, and the top of adjacent two pile body structures is connected by contact crossbeam;Described pile body is tied Structure includes reinforced concrete pile and tire, and the bottom of described reinforced concrete pile is fixedly embedded in earth's surface, and described tire sleeve is located at The above ground portion of reinforced concrete pile.
Further, also include that Construction and Maintenance road, described Construction and Maintenance road are positioned at the array of all pile body structures formation Side, the elevation of described Construction and Maintenance road is higher than withered phase water level.
Further, plurality of rows of pile body structure is blossom type distribution.
Further, the maximum dimension D of the investigated block stone of array pitch foundation between described pile body structuremDetermine, arrange between pile body structure Away from for (1.5~2) Dm.Institute's enumeration district is the region at pile body structure place, according to investigation and the mensuration of Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering, The maximum dimension D of this region unit stonemCan measure.
Further, reinforced concrete pile exposed height on the ground between 3m~12m, reinforced concrete pile buried depth Not less than total length 1/3.
Further, described reinforced concrete pile is three stage structure, be respectively the wider section of bottom, top thinner section with And thickness changeover portion, wider section and thickness changeover portion embedment ground.
Further, concrete it is filled with between tire and reinforced concrete pile.
Further, same reinforced concrete pile being arranged with multiple tire, all tire is interconnected to one by connector Individual entirety in cylinder.
Further, it is provided with implant in described tire.
Further, described tire is junked tire.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, pile body structure is combined with junked tire by reinforced concrete pile, the advantage of the two is jointly brought into play.By setting Meter thicker part position, reinforced concrete pile bottom is embedded in underground, improves the stability that pile body structure is overall;Junked tire is wrapped in steel Outside rib concrete pile, being effectively utilized the flexible characteristic of tire itself, himself material has fine elasticity, is become by stress Shape and eliminate or reduce the impact energy of block stone or megalith, effectively raise the ability of the anti-impact force of pile body in prior art; Meanwhile, significantly reduce block stone, megalith, foreign material etc. impacts the damage to pile body structure.
2, junked tire is applied in the mud-rock flow protection works of Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering, on the one hand reduces minimizing junked tire and make The pollution become, protects environment, and on the other hand the use of junked tire significantly reduces the concrete usage amount on a woods dam, reduces Construction investment, have compressed the construction period.
3, junked tire has good abrasion-resistance, preferably protects pile body xoncrete structure, and repairs replacing simply, dimension Protect low cost.
4, stake woods dam is that blossom type is arranged, is connected as a single entity on each campshed body top by connection beam contact crossbeam, can improve mudstone The effect stopping becoming silted up of blocking of stream;It is the convenience in order to construct and overhaul that stake woods dam avris reserves a passage.
5, between reinforced concrete pile with tire, gap can irrigate and is effectively improved with measures such as connector are connected between a small amount of concrete, tire The monolithic stability on stake woods dam.
6, implant is gathered materials on the spot, cheap, uses the mixing groups such as rubble, cobble, weeds, a little foam or shabby medicated clothing Becoming, rubble, cobble add tire weight, and weeds, a little foam or shabby medicated clothing etc. add the toughness of tire, thus carry High pile body stability.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is horizontal layout schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of line A-A along Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is enforcement structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of line B-B along Fig. 3;
Figure is labeled as: stake woods dam 1, Construction and Maintenance road 11, contact crossbeam 12, pile body structure 2, reinforced concrete pile 3, Wider section 31, thickness changeover portion 32, thinner section 33, tire 4, connector 41, implant 42.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Referring to figs. 1 through shown in Fig. 4, the stake woods dam 1 that a kind of mud-rock flow for Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering protects, including pile body structure 2, Contact crossbeam 12.Described stake woods dam 1 typically arranges two row's pile body structures 2;Pile body structure 2 by reinforced concrete pile 3 with waste and old Tire 4 combination is constituted;Stake woods dam 1 avris reserves a construction maintaining roadway road 11.Construction and Maintenance road 11 can construction and Use the when of maintenance stake woods dam 1.
Such as Fig. 1~2, described stake woods dam 1 is arranged at mud-rock flow guard plot correct position, and foundation condition is preferably advisable, simultaneously to base Plinth carries out the flat process in field, and stake woods dam 1 avris reserves a construction maintaining roadway road 11, and its elevation should be higher than that withered phase water level.Described stake Woods dam 1 is made up of two row's pile body structures 2, arranges in blossom type, and blossom type is the arrangement mode that front and rear row staggers, specifically may be used As shown in Figure 1;Each row's pile body structure 2 top is connected as a single entity by described stake woods Ba Badingchu contact crossbeam 12;Described pile body structure The maximum dimension D of 2 array pitch investigated block stones of foundationmDetermining, 2 array pitch of pile body structure are generally (1.5~2) Dm;Stake Body structure 2 ground exposed height typically should be between 3m~12m, and pile body structure 2 buried depth is no less than the 1/3 of total length, Consider certain scour depth simultaneously.Stake woods dam is that blossom type is arranged, is linked as on each campshed body top by connection beam contact crossbeam Integrally, can improving blocks to mud-rock flow stop become silted up effect;It is the side in order to construct and overhaul that stake woods dam avris reserves a passage Just.
Such as Fig. 3, described pile body structure 2 is made up of, in view of cost and environmental protection aspect are examined with tire 4 combination reinforced concrete pile 3 Considering, tire 4 uses junked tire.Tire 4 entangles reinforced concrete pile 3 and exposes above ground portion, is stacked into cylinder type, altogether Isomorphism becomes pile body structure 2;Connect with connector 41 between tire and form entirety;Pile body structure is by reinforced concrete pile and junked tire Combine, the advantage of the two is brought into play jointly.Junked tire is wrapped in outside reinforced concrete pile, is effectively utilized wheel The flexible characteristic of tire itself, himself material has fine elasticity, is eliminated or reduce rushing of block stone or megalith by stress deformation Hit energy, effectively raise the ability of the anti-impact force of pile body in prior art;Meanwhile, significantly reduce block stone, megalith, The damage to pile body structure such as the impact of foreign material etc..The addition of tire 4 again so that reinforced concrete pile 3 upper diameter reduce, Bigger reinforced concrete pile 3 diameter i.e. need not be set again, saved the consumption of concrete and reinforcing bar, also reduced cost.
Described reinforced concrete pile 3 is up-thin-low-thick cylindrical structure.Pile body thicker part position 31 and thick to thin transition position 32 embedment grounds, pile body thicker part position 31 diameter design should meet stability requirement, generally 0.8~1.5m;Pile body thinner section The diameter design of position 33, for the purpose of meeting stability requirement, convenient construction and saving quantities, meets equal to or slightly less than useless simultaneously Old tire 4 diameter of bore requirement, generally 0.5m~1.2m;What pile body thinner section position 33 was reinforced concrete pile 3 exposes ground Part;It is embedded in underground by design thicker part position, reinforced concrete pile bottom, improves the stability that pile body structure is overall;
Described junked tire derives from large truck, aircraft or automobile etc., and diameter should be unified, and meets and is equal or slightly larger than stake The diametric requirements of body thinner section position 33, fills up implant inside junked tire.Junked tire is applied to the mud of Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering On the one hand in rock glacier protection works, reduce and reduce the pollution that junked tire causes, protect environment, on the other hand junked tire Use the concrete usage amount significantly reducing a woods dam, reduce construction investment, have compressed the construction period;Junked tire has Good abrasion-resistance, preferably protects pile body xoncrete structure, and repairs replacing simply, and maintenance cost is low.
Between described reinforced concrete pile 3 and junked tire 4, gap can irrigate a small amount of concrete or take the modes such as filling weeds to strengthen The globality of pile body structure 2.Described connector 41 can use steel wire rope etc..Between reinforced concrete pile and tire, gap can irrigate few Amount is effectively increased a monolithic stability on woods dam with measures such as connector connections between concrete, tire.
Described implant 42 can be made up of mixing such as the rubble of construction area, cobble, weeds, a little foam or shabby medicated clothings, squeezes Pressure embeds, close-packed arrays.Implant is gathered materials on the spot, cheap, uses rubble, cobble, weeds, a little foam or shabby The mixing such as medicated clothing forms, and rubble, cobble add tire weight, and weeds, a little foam or shabby medicated clothing etc. add tire Toughness, thus improve pile body stability.

Claims (10)

1. for the stake woods dam of mud-rock flow protection, it is characterised in that: include pile body structure (2) and contact crossbeam (12), described Pile body structure (2) is provided with at least two rows, and the top of adjacent two pile body structures (2) is connected by contact crossbeam (12);Institute State pile body structure (2) and include reinforced concrete pile (3) and tire, the bottom of described reinforced concrete pile (3) fixedly embedded In earth's surface, described tire sleeve is located at the above ground portion of reinforced concrete pile (3).
2. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: also include Construction and Maintenance road (11), described Construction and Maintenance road (11) is positioned at the side of the array that all pile body structures (2) are formed, described Construction and Maintenance The elevation of road (11) is higher than withered phase water level.
3. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: plurality of rows of pile body structure (2) It is distributed in blossom type.
4. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: between described pile body structure (2) Array pitch is according to the maximum dimension D of investigated block stonemDetermining, between pile body structure (2), array pitch is (1.5~2) Dm
5. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: reinforced concrete pile (3) exists On ground, exposed height is between 3m~12m, and reinforced concrete pile (3) buried depth is not less than the 1/3 of total length.
6. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described reinforced concrete pile (3) For three stage structure, it is the wider section (31) of bottom, the thinner section (33) on top and thickness changeover portion (32) respectively, relatively Thick section (31) and thickness changeover portion (32) embedment ground.
7. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: tire and reinforced concrete pile (3) Between be filled with concrete.
8. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: same reinforced concrete pile (3) On be arranged with multiple tire (4), all tire (4) is interconnected to an entirety and in cylinder by connector (41).
9. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: arrange in described tire (4) There is implant (42).
10. the stake woods dam for mud-rock flow protection as described in claim 1 to 9 any claim, it is characterised in that: institute Stating tire (4) is junked tire.
CN201620457893.7U 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 A stake woods dam for mud -rock flow protection Active CN205636671U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105862679A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Grilled pile dam for debris flow protection
CN106638676A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-10 合肥学院 Gravity type soil retaining wall structure formed by waste tires and construction method of gravity type soil retaining wall structure
CN106759471A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-31 合肥学院 Arched retaining wall structure and its construction method that a kind of junked tire is constituted
CN106759089A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-31 合肥学院 A kind of simple harbour of beach based on junked tire and its construction method
CN106836130A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-06-13 合肥学院 A kind of dykes and dams based on junked tire inrush and block up multiple construction method
CN106836134A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-06-13 合肥学院 A kind of utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area
CN107059891A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-08-18 浙江大学 Plant pile group type mud-rock flow is blocked structure

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105862679A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-17 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Grilled pile dam for debris flow protection
CN106638676A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-10 合肥学院 Gravity type soil retaining wall structure formed by waste tires and construction method of gravity type soil retaining wall structure
CN106759471A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-31 合肥学院 Arched retaining wall structure and its construction method that a kind of junked tire is constituted
CN106759089A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-05-31 合肥学院 A kind of simple harbour of beach based on junked tire and its construction method
CN106836130A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-06-13 合肥学院 A kind of dykes and dams based on junked tire inrush and block up multiple construction method
CN106836134A (en) * 2017-02-10 2017-06-13 合肥学院 A kind of utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area
CN107059891A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-08-18 浙江大学 Plant pile group type mud-rock flow is blocked structure

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