CN106836134A - A kind of utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area - Google Patents

A kind of utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106836134A
CN106836134A CN201710073647.0A CN201710073647A CN106836134A CN 106836134 A CN106836134 A CN 106836134A CN 201710073647 A CN201710073647 A CN 201710073647A CN 106836134 A CN106836134 A CN 106836134A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
junked tire
balancing weight
man
guide pile
made island
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710073647.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘金龙
刘洁群
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Hefei University
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Hefei University
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Application filed by Hefei University filed Critical Hefei University
Priority to CN201710073647.0A priority Critical patent/CN106836134A/en
Publication of CN106836134A publication Critical patent/CN106836134A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/06Moles; Piers; Quay walls; Groynes; Breakwaters Wave dissipating walls; Quay equipment
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/06Moles; Piers; Quay walls; Groynes; Breakwaters Wave dissipating walls; Quay equipment
    • E02B3/066Quays
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/18Reclamation of land from water or marshes

Abstract

The construction method of man-made island is built in extra large reef area the invention discloses a kind of utilization junked tire, is comprised the following steps:Design shore protection scheme, determines position and the parameter of man-made island bank-protection works;Manufacture junked tire balancing weight;Guide pile is squeezed into, in guide pile is inserted intensity sea bed soil layer higher;Junked tire balancing weight is inserted in, junked tire balancing weight is enclosed within each guide pile, and the elevation of top of each row junked tire balancing weight is consistent;Guan Liang is poured, Guan Liang connects all of guide pile to form entirety;Implement hydraulic reclamation operation, progressively fill the soil body, form the man-made island platform of stabilization;Cement sand plaster, exposed face shotcrete to lowest water level above junked tire is simultaneously wiped one's face.Junked tire balancing weight in the present invention makes simple, and overall price is cheap, constructs simple and convenient, and speed of application is fast, can resist larger stormy waves load, and each guide pile is squeezed into deeper soil layer through Potential failure surface, and integral rigidity is big, can resist larger soil pressure.

Description

A kind of utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area
Technical field:
Build artificial in extra large reef area using junked tire the present invention relates to civil engineering fill placement technique field, more particularly to one kind The construction method on island.
Background technology:
Man-made island is manually to build and inorganic island, is built typically on the basis of island and submerged reef, is to fill in the sea to grow grain One kind.With population growth and economic development the need for, increasing coastal state is carried out to the islands and reefs of extent of territorial waters Fill out sea, increase, the requirement even military to meet sea fishery.The man-made island engineering of current Hai Jiao disks is mainly using skill of blowing sand Art, designated area is blown into by sea sand, and the level land for being higher by sea level is formed by consolidation settlement.
Man-made island reclamation work typically has after first throwing shore protection and fills two kinds of construction methods after first enclosing sea.Protected after first throwing Bank is that earth and stone material direct throwing at sea is sent in Landed by Lighter, finally builds croy, is primarily adapted for use in and shelters preferable marine site. First to enclose that fill behind sea be first, by dykes and dams corral in waters needed for man-made island, to stay necessary breach, so that barge transports native stone Material carries out throwing or carries out waterpower hydraulic reclamation with dredger, is primarily adapted for use in the larger marine site of stormy waves.The structural shape of shore protection is often adopted With ramp type and stalk formula;Ramp type shore protection uses artificial sand slope, and with block stone, concrete block or artificial special-shaped block bank protection; Stalk formula shore protection uses steel sheet pile or reinforced concrete sheet pile wall, steel sheet pile lattice structure or caisson, open caisson etc..
On the other hand, the junked tire that China produces every year is at the forefront in the world, and China junked tire yield in 2013 is Through reaching 2.99 hundred million, weight reached 10,800,000 tons, and increased with every year about 8% ~ 10% speed.To the year two thousand twenty, China is waste and old Tire annual production will be up to 20,000,000 tons.How safe and environment-friendly treatment junked tire growing day by day, be urgently to be resolved hurrily asking Topic.
If junked tire can be used for the bank protection structure pattern of manufacturing artificial island reclamation work, shield on the one hand can be reduced Bank construction costs, raising speed of application, on the other hand also for the recycling of junked tire provides new way, it is clear that meet resource again The growth requirement for utilizing.
It can be seen that, it is necessary to inquire into and build the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area using junked tire, promote existing skill The innovation and progress of art.
The content of the invention:
In order to make up the deficiency of prior art problem, repaiied in extra large reef area using junked tire it is an object of the invention to provide one kind The construction method of man-made island is built, its simple to operate, speed of application is fast, for man-made island bank-protection works provides a kind of reliable construction skill Art.
Technical scheme is as follows:
The construction method of man-made island is built in extra large reef area, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps using junked tire:
1), design shore protection scheme:
The factors such as geological conditions, sea level altitude, surging height, dredge fill orientation according to proposed man-made island area, design The position of man-made island bank-protection works and parameter, determine the embedded depth of guide pile;
2), manufacture junked tire balancing weight:
Stand-by according to design requirement manufacture junked tire balancing weight, junked tire balancing weight uses junked tire interior grooves space Interior colligation distributing bar and casting concrete composition, and the preformed hole being engaged with guide pile outer wall is provided with center;
3), squeeze into guide pile:
According to design, guide pile is squeezed into upwards in walking for bank-protection works, guide pile uses I-steel, insert guide pile strong In degree sea bed soil layer higher, and in vertical state;
3), be inserted in junked tire balancing weight:
Junked tire balancing weight uniformly, is symmetrically enclosed within each guide pile based on preformed hole, makes each row junked tire balancing weight , to no longer sinking, and the elevation of top of each row junked tire balancing weight is consistent for press-in sea bed;
4), pour Guan Liang:
In the top assembling reinforcement of each row junked tire balancing weight, part principal rod can be connected with the welded top of guide pile, pour Build concrete and constitute Guan Liang;
5), implement hydraulic reclamation operation:
The inside of the bank-protection works formed to junked tire balancing weight carries out hydraulic reclamation operation, progressively fills the soil body, and soil solidifying sinks Carry out being filled with supplement after drop, gradually form the less stabilization man-made island platform of sedimentation;
6), cement sand plaster:
The sedimentation of the man-made island soil body reaches requirement and after large-scale main body construction terminates, to the outer of lowest water level above junked tire Show up shotcrete and protection of wiping one's face.
Described utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area, it is characterised in that described is useless The preformed hole at old tire balancing weight center is in I-shaped shape, outer profile size of its size more than guide pile.
Described utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area, it is characterised in that described hat Beam is made up of reinforcing bar casting concrete, and the top of each row junked tire balancing weight connects and composes entirety by Guan Liang.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, the present invention makes balancing weight using junked tire, and one side junked tire can save template for outer framework, on the other hand Junked tire can be protected effectively only matches somebody with somebody a small amount of distributing bar in the armored concrete in its inside groove, concrete, and can be suitable Building waste, rubble of degree particle diameter etc. are admixed in concrete, and convenient material drawing, overall price is cheap.
2nd, each guide pile of the invention is squeezed into deeper soil layer through Potential failure surface, and its top carries out " lock by Guan Liang Mouthful ", overall bending resistance is big with shearing strength, can resist the soil pressure of man-made island reclamation work generation, and can bear larger stormy waves Load, can effectively safeguard the shape of man-made island.
3rd, the present invention is inserted in the bank-protection works that guide pile forms closing by junked tire balancing weight, constructs simple and convenient, Speed of application is fast, and construction is influenceed smaller by marine harsh weather.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is junked tire block structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the assembling schematic diagram of junked tire building block of the invention and guide pile.
Fig. 3 is man-made island structural representation of the invention.
Fig. 4 is N-N profiles.
Fig. 5 is double contour junked tire assembling mode profile of the invention.
Fig. 6 is double not contour junked tire assembling mode profile of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the not contour junked tire assembling mode profile of three row of the invention.
Description of reference numerals:1st, junked tire;2nd, armored concrete;3rd, preformed hole;4th, guide pile;5th, Guan Liang;6th, fill out Soil;A, sea bed;B, sea level.
Specific embodiment:
Referring to accompanying drawing:
The construction method of man-made island is built in extra large reef area using junked tire, specific implementation step is described in detail as follows:
1), design shore protection scheme:
The factors such as geological conditions, sea level altitude, surging height, dredge fill orientation according to proposed man-made island area, design The position of man-made island bank-protection works and parameter, determine the embedded depth of guide pile 4.
Fig. 4 gives the schematic diagram that single junked tire balancing weight constitutes bank protection structure.Also can use double contour, double The not contour, combination that three rows are not contour, as shown in Fig. 5 ~ Fig. 7.When the filled height of islands and reefs is little, can be using single useless The bank protection structure of old tire balancing weight composition;When the filled height of islands and reefs is larger, the soil pressure that it is produced is larger, can use many The bank protection structure of waste discharge old tire balancing weight composition, its overall lateral deformation stiffness is big, can effectively safeguard the stability of man-made island.
2), manufacture junked tire balancing weight:
Stand-by according to design requirement manufacture junked tire balancing weight, junked tire balancing weight uses junked tire interior grooves space Interior colligation distributing bar and casting concrete composition, and the preformed hole being engaged with guide pile outer wall is provided with center;
3), squeeze into guide pile:
According to design, guide pile 4 is squeezed into upwards in walking for bank-protection works, guide pile 4 is inserted intensity seabed soil higher In layer, and in vertical state.
Guide pile 4 should be squeezed into intensity foundation soil higher through Potential failure surface position, and it can play similar antiskid The effect of stake;Man-made island fills usually subregion, piecemeal iterative method, therefore guide pile 4 also answers subregion, piecemeal progressively to apply Work, to meet the demand of construction space arrangement.
4), be inserted in junked tire balancing weight:
Junked tire balancing weight uniformly, is symmetrically enclosed within each guide pile 4 based on preformed hole 3, makes each row junked tire counterweight Block is pressed into sea bed to no longer sinking, and the elevation of top of each row junked tire balancing weight is consistent.
Junked tire balancing weight is for colligation distributing bar in the interior grooves space of junked tire 1 and casting concrete 2 is formed. By taking common car tyre model 195/60R15 as an example, its cavity volume is about 0.055 m3, after inside groove pouring reinforcement concrete Overall weight is about 130kg.2 ~ 4 people can lift the junked tire balancing weight of the weight and be inserted in guide pile 4.In same engineering The junked tire of same specification should be selected to make configuration block.In construction should junked tire balancing weight less as far as possible to guide pile 4 collision, to safeguard overall stability and security.Fig. 2 gives the detailed feelings that junked tire balancing weight is inserted in guide pile 4 Condition.
One side junked tire can save template for outer framework, and another aspect junked tire can be protected effectively in its inside groove Only match somebody with somebody a small amount of distributing bar in armored concrete, concrete, and the building waste of appropriate particle diameter, rubble etc. can be admixed mixed In solidifying soil, convenient material drawing, overall price is cheap.
If extra large reef surficial geology is soft, each row junked tire balancing weight will sink into the soil layer of certain depth under Gravitative Loads In, by certain depth of further sinking during the use of subsequent artefacts island.Make junked tire balancing weight complete as far as possible in construction Into certain settling amount.The elevation of top of each row junked tire balancing weight is typically difficult to strict conformance, can be in junked tire balancing weight Between add different-thickness bed course mode, make the elevation of top of each row junked tire balancing weight basically identical.
5), pour Guan Liang:
In the top assembling reinforcement of each row junked tire balancing weight, part principal rod can be connected with the welded top of guide pile 4, pour Build concrete and form Guan Liang 5.
Guan Liang 5 connects all of guide pile 4 to form entirety, and the ability of soil pressure is kept out in enhancing jointly.Guan Liang 5 is often Curve, broken line shape, it is identical with the profile of man-made island, and Fig. 3 gives the distribution situation of Guan Liang 5.
6), implement hydraulic reclamation operation:
The inside of the bank-protection works formed to junked tire balancing weight carries out hydraulic reclamation operation, progressively fills the soil body, and soil solidifying sinks Carry out being filled with supplement after drop, gradually form the less stabilization man-made island platform of sedimentation.
Compactness, Water drainage system design of man-made island etc. are filled, is performed according to related specifications requirement.General implementation is repeatedly filled out Build, carry out being filled with supplement after the closely knit sedimentation of constructing soil, through consolidation and sclerosis after a while, ultimately form man-made island soil layer with ground Face.
7), cement sand plaster:
The sedimentation of the man-made island soil body reaches requirement and after large-scale main body construction terminates, to the outer of lowest water level above junked tire Shotcrete of showing up carries out protection of wiping one's face, and prevents junked tire from burning under special circumstances, also can effectively delay to give up Rubber is aging in old tire.
Under special circumstances, such as under thunderbolt, the naked light effect of igniting, junked tire may burn, and cause shore protection work The failure of journey.Therefore junked tire exposed face shotcrete that should be more than lowest water level is formed and wiped one's face, and prevents junked tire Burn under special circumstances.In construction, cement can be made in junked tire surface attachment, fixation, parcel auxiliary geotextile Mortar can firm, the effective protective layer for wrapping junked tire outer surface, forming stabilization.
Man-made island bank-protection works suffers from storm at sea, wave and washes away, and the shore protection that junked tire balancing weight is formed Engineering, its attack that can be effective against stormy waves, overall expenses is low, is a kind of economic design.
The present invention compared with prior art, with advantages below:Junked tire makes balancing weight and makes simple, overall price It is cheap, easy to use, economical and practicality;Each guide pile is squeezed into deeper soil layer through Potential failure surface, thereon Portion is carried out " fore shaft " by Guan Liang, and overall bending resistance is big with shearing strength, can resist the soil pressure of man-made island reclamation work generation, and Larger stormy waves load can be born, the shape of man-made island can be effectively safeguarded;Guide pile is inserted in by junked tire balancing weight to be formed The bank-protection works of closing, is constructed simple and convenient, and speed of application is fast, and construction is influenceed smaller by marine harsh weather.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned specific embodiment, according to the above, according to the ordinary technical knowledge of this area And customary means, under the premise of above-mentioned basic fundamental thought of the invention is not departed from, the present invention can also make other diversified forms Equivalent modifications, replace or change, be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1), design shore protection scheme:
The factors such as geological conditions, sea level altitude, surging height, dredge fill orientation according to proposed man-made island area, design The position of man-made island bank-protection works and parameter, determine the embedded depth of guide pile;
2), manufacture junked tire balancing weight:
Stand-by according to design requirement manufacture junked tire balancing weight, junked tire balancing weight uses junked tire interior grooves space Interior colligation distributing bar and casting concrete composition, and the preformed hole being engaged with guide pile outer wall is provided with center;
3), squeeze into guide pile:
According to design, guide pile is squeezed into upwards in walking for bank-protection works, guide pile uses I-steel, insert guide pile strong In degree sea bed soil layer higher, and in vertical state;
3), be inserted in junked tire balancing weight:
Junked tire balancing weight uniformly, is symmetrically enclosed within each guide pile based on preformed hole, makes each row junked tire balancing weight , to no longer sinking, and the elevation of top of each row junked tire balancing weight is consistent for press-in sea bed;
4), pour Guan Liang:
In the top assembling reinforcement of each row junked tire balancing weight, part principal rod can be connected with the welded top of guide pile, pour Build concrete and constitute Guan Liang;
5), implement hydraulic reclamation operation:
The inside of the bank-protection works formed to junked tire balancing weight carries out hydraulic reclamation operation, progressively fills the soil body, and soil solidifying sinks Carry out being filled with supplement after drop, gradually form the less stabilization man-made island platform of sedimentation;
6), cement sand plaster:
The sedimentation of the man-made island soil body reaches requirement and after large-scale main body construction terminates, to the outer of lowest water level above junked tire Show up shotcrete and protection of wiping one's face.
2. utilization junked tire according to claim 1 builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area, and its feature exists In the preformed hole at described junked tire balancing weight center is in I-shaped shape, outer profile size of its size more than guide pile.
3. utilization junked tire according to claim 1 builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area, and its feature exists In described Guan Liang is made up of reinforcing bar casting concrete, and the top of each row junked tire balancing weight is connected and composed whole by Guan Liang Body.
CN201710073647.0A 2017-02-10 2017-02-10 A kind of utilization junked tire builds the construction method of man-made island in extra large reef area Pending CN106836134A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109129883A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-01-04 励土峰 A kind of method for manufacturing for filling out extra large unit
CN109162253A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-01-08 励土峰 Extra large unit is filled out in a kind of pressure stabilizing being self-regulated
CN110952572A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-04-03 江苏科技大学 Waste tire strip reinforced soft slope structure and construction method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5035541A (en) * 1990-07-30 1991-07-30 Mobil Oil Corporation Rubble-spray ice island
CN101581086A (en) * 2009-06-12 2009-11-18 中交二航局第三工程有限公司 Positioning riprapping method for constructing island breakwater of artificial island
CN104120699A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-10-29 中交第二航务工程局有限公司 Steel sheet pile bucket foundation artificial island dado structure
CN104652392A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-05-27 中交第三航务工程局有限公司 Multifunctional tooling bracket for assembling and disassembling main lattice cylinder positions of large cylinders of lattice steel sheet piles
CN205636671U (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-10-12 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 A stake woods dam for mud -rock flow protection

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5035541A (en) * 1990-07-30 1991-07-30 Mobil Oil Corporation Rubble-spray ice island
CN101581086A (en) * 2009-06-12 2009-11-18 中交二航局第三工程有限公司 Positioning riprapping method for constructing island breakwater of artificial island
CN104120699A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-10-29 中交第二航务工程局有限公司 Steel sheet pile bucket foundation artificial island dado structure
CN104652392A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-05-27 中交第三航务工程局有限公司 Multifunctional tooling bracket for assembling and disassembling main lattice cylinder positions of large cylinders of lattice steel sheet piles
CN205636671U (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-10-12 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 A stake woods dam for mud -rock flow protection

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109129883A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-01-04 励土峰 A kind of method for manufacturing for filling out extra large unit
CN109162253A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-01-08 励土峰 Extra large unit is filled out in a kind of pressure stabilizing being self-regulated
CN110952572A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-04-03 江苏科技大学 Waste tire strip reinforced soft slope structure and construction method thereof

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Application publication date: 20170613

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