CN205617303U - Groove rail cleaning device - Google Patents

Groove rail cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205617303U
CN205617303U CN201620264303.9U CN201620264303U CN205617303U CN 205617303 U CN205617303 U CN 205617303U CN 201620264303 U CN201620264303 U CN 201620264303U CN 205617303 U CN205617303 U CN 205617303U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
cleaning
filth
rail
brush
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620264303.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王国志
刘红现
柯坚
于兰英
孙海振
唐敬来
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN201620264303.9U priority Critical patent/CN205617303U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205617303U publication Critical patent/CN205617303U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a groove rail cleaning device hangs to join in marriage and cleans groove type rail in rail vehicle lower part retinue as attachhing the device, its characterized in that mainly comprises with round brush mechanism 200 with the filth not hard up mechanism 100 that arranges in on the support support 8, support 8 is joined in marriage on rail vehicle for 20 strings through support 9 and support, filth not hard up mechanism 100 through the connecting plate hookup on support 8, round brush mechanism 200 and support are 8 associative, be provided with dust absorption organ pipe 5 on the support 8, according to the orientation that rail vehicle advances, the not hard up mechanism of filth 100, round brush mechanism 200 and dust absorption organ pipe 5 set gradually. Adopt the utility model discloses a structure, the torsion spring of the not hard up mechanism of filth guarantees its and the laminating of track groove, and the filth has been swept to round brush centrifugal force, and in the filth swept dropped on dust catcher suction decisive range, filth quilt in the shortest time was siphoned away, has reduced the raise dust. Whole device simple structure has realized cleaing away the clean effect of just not having secondary pollution to metropolitan environment through the device with the groove rail filth.

Description

A kind of grooved rail cleaning device
Technical field
This utility model relates to cleaning equipment, particularly relates to the cleaning device of modern tram grooved rail.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the maturation of technology, within more city is included into the development category of urban track traffic.Modern tram as a kind of between bus rapid transit and light rail in low freight volume novel rail passenger traffic equipment, urban track traffic has very important effect.The coming years will be China's tramcar fast-developing 1 year, according to the preliminary statistics, by the end of 2015, in state-owned nearly hundred cities propose the planning building tramcar, the most about 40 cities are the most carrying out the building-up work of tramcar.The domestic main cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Shenyang, Chengdu, Nanjing, Qingdao, Changchun, Shenzhen, Wuhan, have all done the planning building modern tram.
Modern tram commonly uses 59R2 groove-shape rail, this kind of rail is special due to its structure, during circuit is runed, due to vehicle run bring impurity, air airborne dust, road granular substance splash etc., having some particulate matter falls in rail groove, in atmosphere under the effect of moisture, these materials can condense in bulk, sticks to rail groove inwall, in order to ensure that traffic safety generally uses the strick precaution of hand sweeping to remove dirt, waste time and energy, and cleaning effect is the most undesirable.The street railway mileage of Science in Future in China can be multiplied, the method continuing to use hand sweeping, and cost can be made to dramatically increase, it is impossible to the fundamentally problem of solution grooved rail cleaning automatization.
Utility model content
Above deficiency in view of prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of grooved rail cleaning device, the device of a kind of automatic cleaning is provided for safeguarding of Science in Future in China street railway, the mechanization realizing grooved rail cleans, reduce hand labor intensity, save the cost that modern tram is safeguarded.
Utility model purpose is to be realized in that a kind of grooved rail cleaning device, hangs as accessory device and fits over rail vehicle bottom retinue cleaning grooved track.Mainly it is made up of support 8 and dirt loosening mechanism 100 and the rolling brush mechanism 200 being placed on bearing;Support 8 is hung by bearing 9 and upper bracket 20 and is joined on the rail vehicle;Dirt loosening mechanism 100 is connected on support 8 by connecting plate;Rolling brush mechanism 200 is connected with support 8;Vacuum cleaner hose 5 it is provided with on support 8.The direction advanced according to rail vehicle, dirt loosening mechanism 100, rolling brush mechanism 200 and vacuum cleaner hose 5 set gradually.
Further, in described dirt loosening device, between action piece and connector, it is provided with torsionspring, device can be made to be adjacent to track, strengthen and loosen effect, again can be when running into fixing grit, it is achieved action piece jumps, it is to avoid perching knife damages.
Further, in described rolling brush cleaning device, round brush uses fluid motor-driven, is provided with hydraulic damping amortisseur between round brush and support, and brush filament uses nylon material, setting angle γ=7.5 °, makes the dirt forward upward of cleaning move.It is provided with suction port in round brush rear end, the dirt flown upward is sucked in refuse treatment plant.
Further, described whole clearing apparatus is provided with dust cover, rack-mount, prevents from, in cleaning process, stirring up a cloud of dust, and pollutes urban environment.
Further, described clearing apparatus uses hydraulic cylinder lifting, and hydraulic cylinder upper end is provided with regulation spring, with the size of adjusting means Yu the contact forces of rail groove, also can compensate brush filament abrasion simultaneously.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: dirt loosening mechanism is close to rail groove, the power relying on flatcar motion to produce, and loosens dirt, and then round brush cleans rail groove under the driving of hydraulic motor, and the dirt flown upward is sucked in refuse treatment plant by suction port thereafter.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are embodied in following aspect:
1, the grooved rail for modern tram cleans, and safeguards that automatization prepares for following grooved track circuit.Dirt loosening mechanism, brush device, dust exhaust apparatus and high pressure water jet cleaning device, cooperate, during flatcar moves, it is achieved thoroughly cleans the function of grooved rail, improves production efficiency.
2, on the basis of the lifting realizing whole device with hydraulic cylinder, it is provided with regulation spring again in hydraulic cylinder upper end, thus regulate the size of round brush and rail groove contact pressure, the hydraulic damping amortisseur between torsionspring and round brush with support in dirt loosening mechanism is connected, achieve the functions such as the damping of device, avoidance, extension device service life.
3, dust exhaust apparatus is passed through, it is achieved that the recovery of dirt, suction port and round brush position reasonable distribution, add the effect of dust suction, decrease the secondary pollution to city during cleaning.Finally use the Technolgy of High Pressure Water jet Cleaning, it is achieved that the thorough cleaning of grooved rail, have again track and the function of railway roadbed depositing dust.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of this utility model grooved rail cleaning device.
Fig. 2 is brush device schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is dirt loosening mechanism perspective view.
Mate left view and axonometric chart with rail groove when Fig. 4, Fig. 5 are the work of dirt loosening mechanism respectively.
In figure: 100 is dirt loosening mechanism, 200 is rolling brush mechanism, and 3 is hydraulic damping amortisseur, and 4 is dust cover, and 5 is suction port, and 6 is hydraulic cylinder, and 7 is regulation spring, and 8 is support, and 9 is bearing.10 is grooved rail, and 20 is upper bracket;100 is dirt loosening mechanism;210 is main shaft, and 220 is matrix, and 230 is brush filament, and 240 is bearing, and 250 is gear, and 260 is hydraulic motor, and 10 is grooved rail;110 is connector, and 120 is torsionspring, and 130 is axle, and 140 is perching knife, and 150 is connecting rod.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings this utility model method is described in further detail.
nullAs shown in Figure 1,For this utility model grooved rail cleaning device overall structure figure,Including: dirt loosening mechanism 100,Rolling brush mechanism 200,Hydraulic damping amortisseur 3,Dust cover 4,Sweep-up pipe 5,Hydraulic cylinder 6,Regulation spring 7,Support 8,With bearing 9 etc.,Described dirt loosening mechanism 100 is connected with described support 8 by connecting plate,Described rolling brush mechanism 200 is connected with described support 8 by described hydraulic damping amortisseur 3,Described dust cover 4 is located at below described support 8,The appearance of airborne dust when preventing from cleaning,Reduce secondary pollution,Described sweep-up pipe 5 is located at described brush device 200 left end,It is arranged on described support 8,Described hydraulic cylinder 6 is located between described support 8 and bearing,Lifting for whole device,Described hydraulic cylinder 6 upper end is located at by described regulation spring 7,For regulating the contact pressure of round brush and rail groove,Described support 8 is located on described bearing 9,It is connected through the hinge.Meanwhile, whole device can go deep into, in grooved track, thoroughly cleaning rail groove under hydraulic cylinder effect.
Specifically, this example grooved rail cleaning device, operationally, make whole device drop in grooved rail by hydraulic cylinder 6 action, loosen dirt in rail groove by dirt loosening mechanism 100, make the adhesiveness between dirt and rail groove reduce.
Further, rolling brush mechanism cleans dirt in rail groove under fluid motor-driven, makes dirt fly upward, and dirt is sucked in refuse disposal system by suction port, reaches good cleaning effect.
Brush device structure chart as shown in Figure 2, including: main shaft 210, matrix 220, brush filament 230, bearing 240, gear 250, hydraulic motor 260,10 grooved rails.Described main shaft 210 is located in described bearing 240, described matrix 220 is located on described main shaft 210, described brush filament 230 is located on described matrix 220, brush filament uses nylon material, deformable, during work, brush filament stretches in described grooved rail 10, and is γ angle with vertical direction, γ=7.5 °, it is close to rail groove, brush filament deflection is located on axle at 2 10mm, described gear 250, for described hydraulic motor 260 driving torque, shown hydraulic motor 260, by the transmission of described gear 250, drives whole device action.
Such as Fig. 3, for dirt loosening mechanism axonometric chart, including: connector 110, torsionspring 120, axle 130, perching knife 140, connecting rod 150.Described connector 110 is located on dirt loosening mechanism connecting plate, described torsionspring 120 is located between described connector 110 and described connecting rod 150, application point lays respectively on the screw at described connector 110 and described connecting rod 150 two ends, described axle 130 is located between described connector 110 and described connecting rod 150, described connecting rod 150 is connected with described connecting rod 150 by described axle 130, and described perching knife 140 is with bolts with described connecting rod 150.
Wherein, whole dirt loosening mechanism 100 matches with grooved rail 10, loosens dirt in rail groove to greatest extent, and the cleaning making follow-up round brush is more thorough.
The grooved rail cleaning device that this example provides, is arranged on articulated car bottom, along with flatcar operation cleaning track on the line.This device first passes through dirt loosening mechanism and loosens rail groove dirt, makes dirt reduce with rail groove adhesiveness, additionally, the torsionspring in dirt loosening mechanism can make mechanism be close to rail groove, increases action effect.Rotated by fluid motor-driven round brush simultaneously, utilize round brush rotation make brush filament clean track, utilize brush filament to rotate the centrifugal force produced to be swept up by dirt, simultaneously, round brush can avoid the hard impact of round brush and grooved rail by hydraulic damping amortisseur, the regulation spring of hydraulic cylinder upper end can regulate the contact force of round brush and grooved rail, can also compensate the abrasion of brush filament simultaneously.After dirt sweeps up, just falling in the range of suction port suction, dirt is sucked by suction port at once, and wall is exempted from dirt and disorderly flown, and the existence of dust cover simultaneously can also avoid airborne dust.Whole device uses hydraulic cylinder lifting, can guarantee that the accuracy that device lifts, it is simple to cleaning.Whole device, mechanism is reasonable, can be by clean for dirt removal in grooved track, it is to avoid city produces the secondary pollutions such as airborne dust.
Described above for disclosed front embodiment; make professional and technical personnel in the field be capable of or use this utility model; multiple amendment and replacement to these embodiments are apparent from for those skilled in the art; these amendments and replacement, all should be within protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with the protection domain that claim is defined.

Claims (8)

1. a grooved rail cleaning device, hangs as accessory device and fits over rail vehicle bottom retinue cleaning grooved track, it is characterised in that be mainly made up of support (8) and dirt loosening mechanism (100) and the rolling brush mechanism (200) being placed on bearing;Support (8) is hung by bearing (9) and bearing (20) and is joined on the rail vehicle;Dirt loosening mechanism (100) is connected on support (8) by connecting plate;Rolling brush mechanism (200) is connected with support (8);Vacuum cleaner hose (5) it is provided with on support;The direction advanced according to rail vehicle, dirt loosening mechanism (100), rolling brush mechanism (200) and vacuum cleaner hose (5) set gradually.
Grooved rail cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described rolling brush mechanism (200) is connected with support (8) by hydraulic damping amortisseur (3).
Grooved rail cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described support (8) passes through hinge-coupled bearing (9).
Grooved rail cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described support (8) is by hydraulic cylinder (6) and upper bracket (20) hinge connection;Hydraulic cylinder (6) for the lifting of whole device is located between support (8) and upper bracket.
Grooved rail cleaning device the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that be provided with regulation spring (7) between described hydraulic cylinder (6) and upper bracket (20).
Grooved rail cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described rolling brush mechanism (200) is driven by hydraulic motor (260), power is transferred to main shaft (210) through gear (250) and drives brush filament (230) to rotate cleaning.
Grooved rail cleaning device the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that setting angle γ=7.5 ° of described brush filament (230) brush bundle.
Grooved rail cleaning device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in support (8) lower section, be provided with dust cover (4) near hydraulic damping amortisseur (3).
CN201620264303.9U 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Groove rail cleaning device Expired - Fee Related CN205617303U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620264303.9U CN205617303U (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Groove rail cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620264303.9U CN205617303U (en) 2016-04-01 2016-04-01 Groove rail cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205617303U true CN205617303U (en) 2016-10-05

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106311641A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-01-11 四川沱江起重机有限公司 Bridge crane with rail capable of being efficiently cleaned
CN106638433A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-05-10 张铁民 Roller brush control mechanism and method
CN108316226A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-07-24 深圳市贝优通新能源技术开发有限公司 A kind of safe and reliable portable type track cleaning equipment
CN111593700A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-28 王忠芳 Adaptive-adjustment tramcar track cleaning device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106311641A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-01-11 四川沱江起重机有限公司 Bridge crane with rail capable of being efficiently cleaned
CN106638433A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-05-10 张铁民 Roller brush control mechanism and method
CN108316226A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-07-24 深圳市贝优通新能源技术开发有限公司 A kind of safe and reliable portable type track cleaning equipment
CN108316226B (en) * 2018-01-05 2019-08-30 深圳市德益华机械配件有限公司 A kind of safe and reliable portable type track cleaning equipment
CN111593700A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-28 王忠芳 Adaptive-adjustment tramcar track cleaning device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161005

Termination date: 20190401

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee