CN205445677U - Tunnel safety precaution and automatic control system of measurationing - Google Patents

Tunnel safety precaution and automatic control system of measurationing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205445677U
CN205445677U CN201620247269.4U CN201620247269U CN205445677U CN 205445677 U CN205445677 U CN 205445677U CN 201620247269 U CN201620247269 U CN 201620247269U CN 205445677 U CN205445677 U CN 205445677U
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China
Prior art keywords
early warning
tunnel
information
data acquisition
server
Prior art date
Application number
CN201620247269.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赖应源
宋向斌
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福建高新源工程科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201620247269.4U priority Critical patent/CN205445677U/en
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Publication of CN205445677U publication Critical patent/CN205445677U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides an automated inspection's tunnel safety precaution and automatic control system of measurationing, including the data acquisition device, communication device, the server, the network, alarm device, the data acquisition device includes that the interval locates a plurality of groups sensor in the tunnel, and every group sensor is all including the three laser rangefinder sensor of locating tunnel top and both sides respectively, the utility model discloses a through data acquisition device automatic acquisition converge, subside, monitoring data such as deformation, by communication device with message routing to server, server process data, calculation, analysis, debug information generates corresponding statement with the information of danger and sends the automatic early warning system that carries out the early warning for alarm device to the tunnel personnel through the network, deflection and the convergence value of a plurality of positions of section etc. Can be observed simultaneously to total powerstation.

Description

Tunnel safety early warning and automatically monitoring measurement system
Technical field
This utility model relates to tunnel safety field, and especially relate to is the tunnel safety early warning for constructing tunnel and automatic monitoring measurement system.
Background technology
Along with China's rapid development of economy, it is desirable to transportation is rapid, facilitation trend development, and the rapid of transportation relies on the traffic systems such as the perfect Freeway Transport of China, rail transport, water transportation and air transport simultaneously.Therefore, the new period construction to highway, the excavation in tunnel proposes more urgent demand.It may happen that tunnel cave situation in tunnelling, without the most first carrying out preventive measure, once cave in, it is most likely that bring, to workers ' families and society, the loss that cannot retrieve.Therefore, need a kind of safety pre-warning system in tunnelling job site, give a warning in time before Tunnel Landslide, remind operating personnel to properly protect, to avoid peril to occur.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, it is provided that the tunnel safety early warning of detection automatically and automatic monitoring measurement system.
For achieving the above object, technical solution of the present utility model is: tunnel safety early warning and automatically monitoring measurement system, including
Data acquisition unit in tunnel is located at several intervals, generates displacement information for monitoring the change in displacement of tunnel surrounding;
Communicator, for passing to server by the displacement information of data acquisition unit;
Server, the convergent deformation threshold values prestored for analytical calculation displacement information contrast generates early warning information;
Network, for being transferred to warning devices by early warning information from server;
Warning devices, is used for receiving early warning information exportable alarm.
Preferably, described data acquisition unit includes three laser range sensors being respectively arranged on tunnel top and both sides.
Preferably, one or more during described data acquisition unit is total powerstation, strain gauge transducer.
Preferably, described warning devices includes the warning lamp being located near data acquisition unit, and described warning lamp can send two kinds of alarms according to the different danger classes of early warning information.
Preferably, communicator includes
GPRS sending module, is located on data acquisition unit, is used for sending displacement information;
Several spaced Signal Boosters, for transmitting the displacement information of GPRS sending module.
Preferably, described communicator includes
Wifi module, is located on data acquisition unit, is used for sending displacement information;
Several wireless routers, for receiving displacement information that wifi module sends and passing to server.
Preferably, described warning devices includes mobile phone, and described early warning information can be shown by note or wechat on mobile phone.
Preferably, described server connects the report generation device having for displacement information and early warning information generate form.
Preferably, also including the passway for escaping being located in tunnel, described passway for escaping includes the compartment that some joints are sequentially connected with.
By using above-mentioned technical scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: this utility model for automatically gathered by data acquisition unit convergence, settle, the Monitoring Data such as deformation, server is will send information to by communicator, server process data, calculate, analyze, debug information, is sent to warning devices by dangerous information generation corresponding report by network and tunnel personnel carries out the automatic early-warning system of early warning;Be respectively arranged on tunnel top and both sides three laser rangings sensings accurately and comprehensively measure deflection;The indexs such as the deflection of one total powerstation multiple position of the multiple section of Observable simultaneously and convergency value;Passway for escaping is set in tunnel, can escape from from passway for escaping when facing a danger;Warning devices and passway for escaping car can make the personnel in tunnel promptly and accurately, the most in place, cause each several part supervisor to pay much attention to, do not delay construction and get saving, warning, economic, relieved, the effect felt at ease, reassuring the people.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the position assumption diagram of this utility model embodiment 1 data acquisition unit;
Fig. 3 is the position assumption diagram of this utility model embodiment 2 data acquisition unit.
Main Reference Numerals illustrates:
Data acquisition unit 1;Laser range sensor 11;Communicator 2;Server 3;Network 4;Warning devices 5;Warning lamp 51;Report generation device 6;Tunnel 7.
Detailed description of the invention
This utility model is further illustrated below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1:
As Figure 1-Figure 2, this utility model tunnel safety early warning and automatically monitoring measurement system, including
Data acquisition unit 1 in tunnel 7 is located at several intervals, generates displacement information for monitoring the change in displacement of tunnel 7 country rock;
Communicator 2, for passing to server 3 by the displacement information of data acquisition unit 1;
Server 3, the convergent deformation threshold values prestored for analytical calculation displacement information contrast generates early warning information;
Network 4, for being transferred to warning devices 5 by early warning information from server;
Warning devices 5, is used for receiving early warning information exportable alarm.
Described data acquisition unit 1 includes three laser range sensors 11 being respectively arranged on tunnel top and both sides;
Described warning devices 5 includes being located at the warning lamp near data acquisition unit 1, and described warning lamp can send two kinds of alarms according to the different danger classes of early warning information;Described warning devices also includes mobile phone, and described early warning information can be shown by note or wechat on mobile phone;
Communicator 2 includes GPRS sending module, is located on data acquisition unit, is used for sending displacement information;Communicator 2 includes several spaced Signal Boosters, for transmitting the displacement information of GPRS sending module;
Described server connects the report generation device having for displacement information and early warning information generate form;
Also including the passway for escaping being located in tunnel, described passway for escaping includes the compartment that some joints are sequentially connected with;
The data acquisition unit 1 being arranged in tunnel 7 automatically gather convergence, settle, the Monitoring Data such as deformation generate displacement information, by the GPRS sending module of communicator 2 and Signal Booster, displacement information is sent to server 3, server 3 carries out data process, calculates, analyzes displacement information, debug information, dangerous signal is generated early warning information, early warning information generates form by report generation device 6, and early warning information is sent to warning devices 5 by network 4;The warning lamp of warning devices 5 is acousto-optic warning lamp, and when certain section of tunnel 7 is in the hole, the acousto-optic warning lantern festival near this segment data harvester 1 sends alarm;Early warning information is divided into two grades, and when degree of danger is relatively low, this region of alarm sounds needs to arrange in time pipe for escaping, and reinforces the structure in this region;When degree of danger is higher, alarm sounds staff is withdrawn immediately or is left by passway for escaping;Tunnel construction project manager can receive the wechat from server or SMS notification by mobile phone, and content of announcement includes degree of danger information, in which number sensor group, and suggestion and measure.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in figures 1 and 3, this utility model this utility model tunnel safety early warning and automatically monitoring measurement system, including
Data acquisition unit 1 in tunnel 7 is located at several intervals, generates displacement information for monitoring the change in displacement of tunnel 7 country rock;
Communicator 2, for passing to server 3 by the displacement information of data acquisition unit 1;
Server 3, the convergent deformation threshold values prestored for analytical calculation displacement information contrast generates early warning information;
Network 4, for being transferred to warning devices 5 by early warning information from server;
Warning devices 5, is used for receiving early warning information exportable alarm.
Described data acquisition unit 1 is total powerstation or strain gauge transducer;With total powerstation automatic measurement each section each observation station deflection and convergency value;
Described warning devices 5 includes being located at the warning lamp near data acquisition unit 1, and described warning lamp can send two kinds of alarms according to the different danger classes of early warning information;Described warning devices also includes mobile phone, and described early warning information can be shown by note or wechat on mobile phone;
Communicator 2 includes wifi module, is located on data acquisition unit, is used for sending displacement information;
Communicator 2 also includes several wireless routers, for receiving displacement information that wifi module sends and passing to server 3;
Described server 3 connects the report generation device having for displacement information and early warning information generate form;
Also including the passway for escaping being located in tunnel, described passway for escaping includes the compartment that some joints are sequentially connected with;
The data acquisition unit 1 being arranged in tunnel automatically gather convergence, settle, the Monitoring Data such as deformation generate displacement information, displacement information is sent to server by wifi module and wireless router device by communicator 2, server 3 carries out data process, calculates, analyzes displacement information, debug information, dangerous signal is generated early warning information, by report generation device 6, it generates form to early warning information, and early warning information is sent to warning devices by network;The warning lamp of warning devices is acousto-optic warning lamp, and when certain section of tunnel is in the hole, the acousto-optic warning lantern festival that the sensor group of this section is joined sends alarm;Early warning information its be divided into two grades, when degree of danger is relatively low, this region of alarm sounds needs to arrange in time pipe for escaping, and reinforces the structure in this region;When degree of danger is higher, alarm sounds staff withdraw immediately.Tunnel construction project manager can receive the wechat from server or SMS notification by mobile phone, and content of announcement includes degree of danger information, which number sensor group, and suggestion and measure.
Above-described, preferred embodiment the most of the present utility model, it is impossible to limit the scope that this practicality is implemented, every impartial change made according to this utility model claim and decoration, all should still fall within the range of this utility model contains.

Claims (9)

1. tunnel safety early warning and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: include
Data acquisition unit in tunnel is located at several intervals, generates displacement information for monitoring the change in displacement of tunnel surrounding;
Communicator, for passing to server by the displacement information of data acquisition unit;
Server, the convergent deformation threshold values prestored for analytical calculation displacement information contrast generates early warning information;
Network, for being transferred to warning devices by early warning information from server;
Warning devices, is used for receiving early warning information exportable alarm.
Tunnel safety early warning the most according to claim 1 and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: described data acquisition unit includes three laser range sensors being respectively arranged on tunnel top and both sides.
Tunnel safety early warning the most according to claim 1 and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: described data acquisition unit is one or more in total powerstation, strain gauge transducer.
Tunnel safety early warning the most according to claim 1 and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: described warning devices includes the warning lamp being located near data acquisition unit, and described warning lamp can send two kinds of alarms according to the different danger classes of early warning information.
Tunnel safety early warning the most according to claim 1 and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: communicator includes
GPRS sending module, is located on data acquisition unit, is used for sending displacement information;
Several spaced Signal Boosters, for transmitting the displacement information of GPRS sending module.
Tunnel safety early warning the most according to claim 1 and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: described communicator includes
Wifi module, is located on data acquisition unit, is used for sending displacement information;
Several wireless routers, for receiving displacement information that wifi module sends and passing to server.
Tunnel safety early warning the most according to claim 1 and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: described warning devices includes mobile phone, and described early warning information can be shown by note or wechat on mobile phone.
Tunnel safety early warning the most according to claim 1 and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: described server connects the report generation device having for displacement information and early warning information generate form.
Tunnel safety early warning the most according to claim 1 and automatically monitoring measurement system, it is characterised in that: also including the passway for escaping being located in tunnel, described passway for escaping includes the compartment that some joints are sequentially connected with.
CN201620247269.4U 2016-03-29 2016-03-29 Tunnel safety precaution and automatic control system of measurationing CN205445677U (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106523032A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-03-22 中铁十九局集团第工程有限公司 Sudden-change early-warning device for weak surrounding rock excavating through tunnel machine
CN107747936A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-02 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of method for monitoring the independent space earth's surface sedimentation and deformation in underground on-line
CN107939447A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-20 重庆天府矿业有限责任公司 A kind of safety of coal mines risk stratification early warning management-control method and system
CN108050989A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-18 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of real-time overall process monitoring method of underground space top bottom intelligence
CN108050988A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-18 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of multi-level real-time overall process monitoring method of space earth's surface underground intelligence in underground
CN108195346A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-06-22 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of method of the real-time monitoring multi-level space earth's surface sedimentation and deformation in underground
CN108801167A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-13 湖南科技大学 A kind of non-uniformly convergent monitoring device of roadway full-fracture-surfacanchoring-rod and monitoring method
CN110056394A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-07-26 中交一公局桥隧工程有限公司 A kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring device and its control system
CN110411363A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-11-05 上海数久信息科技有限公司 A kind of detection method and system of tunnel convergence deformation
CN110441719A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-11-12 南京工程学院 A kind of safety early warning device and its application method based on tunnel magneto-resistance effect
CN111623719A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-09-04 同济大学 Laser net monitoring system and monitoring method for monitoring deformation and settlement of building

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106523032A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-03-22 中铁十九局集团第工程有限公司 Sudden-change early-warning device for weak surrounding rock excavating through tunnel machine
CN107747936A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-02 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of method for monitoring the independent space earth's surface sedimentation and deformation in underground on-line
CN108050989A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-18 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of real-time overall process monitoring method of underground space top bottom intelligence
CN108050988A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-18 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of multi-level real-time overall process monitoring method of space earth's surface underground intelligence in underground
CN108195346A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-06-22 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of method of the real-time monitoring multi-level space earth's surface sedimentation and deformation in underground
CN108050988B (en) * 2017-11-16 2020-05-12 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 Underground intelligent real-time whole-process monitoring method for underground multi-level space surface
CN107939447A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-20 重庆天府矿业有限责任公司 A kind of safety of coal mines risk stratification early warning management-control method and system
CN108801167A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-13 湖南科技大学 A kind of non-uniformly convergent monitoring device of roadway full-fracture-surfacanchoring-rod and monitoring method
CN110056394A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-07-26 中交一公局桥隧工程有限公司 A kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring device and its control system
CN110411363A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-11-05 上海数久信息科技有限公司 A kind of detection method and system of tunnel convergence deformation
CN110441719A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-11-12 南京工程学院 A kind of safety early warning device and its application method based on tunnel magneto-resistance effect
CN111623719A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-09-04 同济大学 Laser net monitoring system and monitoring method for monitoring deformation and settlement of building

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