CN205367777U - Sea water desalting device - Google Patents

Sea water desalting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205367777U
CN205367777U CN201521086877.3U CN201521086877U CN205367777U CN 205367777 U CN205367777 U CN 205367777U CN 201521086877 U CN201521086877 U CN 201521086877U CN 205367777 U CN205367777 U CN 205367777U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vaporization chamber
sea water
fresh
water
evaporating chamber
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201521086877.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
童东华
童明
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Zhongzhi New Energy Technology Development (Shanghai) Co Ltd
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Zhongzhi New Energy Technology Development (Shanghai) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201521086877.3U priority Critical patent/CN205367777U/en
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Publication of CN205367777U publication Critical patent/CN205367777U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination

Abstract

The utility model relates to a sea water desalting device belongs to desalination. A sea water desalting device, includes the heater, with hot -water line way and evaporating chamber, and its characterized in that: heater connection adds the hot -water line way, add hot -water line way from evaporating chamber lower part one side entering, follow evaporating chamber lower part opposite side and wear out, recycle to the heater, the evaporating chamber bottom still is connected with sea water water intake pipe and sea water outlet pipe way, and upper portion is provided with the condenser in the evaporating chamber, is provided with fresh water tank below the condenser, fresh water tank connects fresh water pipeline and suction pump, and the fresh water pipeline is followed and is linked to each other with the fresh -water tank after wear out evaporating chamber top one side, be provided with the steam pipework outside the evaporating chamber top, the decurrent one end of steam pipework feeds through to evaporating chamber bottom, is provided with the steam that not condensation was totally retrieved to the compressor, and the evaporating chamber outside still is connected with the siphon, and siphon one end feeds through to the evaporating chamber in, and the terminal surface lies in the sea water surface of evaporating chamber, other end intercommunication evaporating chamber wear out with the hot -water line way.

Description

A kind of sea water desalinating unit
Technical field
This utility model relates to desalinization, particularly relates to a kind of sea water desalinating unit.
Background technology
Our life is played an important role by water, and it is lifespring, is one of indispensable most important physical resources that the mankind depend on for existence and development.Current hydropenia has become worldwide problem, solves the supply problem of water resource, and the water resource development to China is the most important thing.The water supply wretched insufficiency on coastal some cities, northern area and island, situation allows of no optimist.And there are abundant seawater resources coastal area, utilize desalination technology to solve water shortage problem and apply.In current desalination technology, applying comparatively general has multistage flash distillation, electroosmose process, hyperfiltration.
At present in the sea water desalinating unit of application, often there is many problems, for instance, equipment runs unstable, it is frequently necessary to change parts, the dump energy utilization rate produced in desalting process is low, and equipment is too big, structure is complicated, manufacturing cost is high, meanwhile, and power consumption height in desalting process, production cost is high, is all the problem being presently required solution.
Utility model content
For solving the weak point in above-mentioned sea water desalinating unit, this utility model provides a kind of sea water desalinating unit, adopt titanium pipe, titanium plate as the material of core component, make stable equipment operation, it is hardly damaged, and can making full use of the dump energy in desalting process, meanwhile, device fabrication cost is low and consumes energy low.
Technical scheme
A kind of sea water desalinating unit, including heater, heating pipe road and vaporization chamber, it is characterized in that: described heater has and adds heat pipe, heater connects heating pipe road, described heating pipe road enters from side, vaporization chamber bottom, pass from vaporization chamber bottom opposite side, sea water inlet pipeline and sea water outlet pipeline it is also associated with bottom described vaporization chamber, in vaporization chamber, bottom is full of the sea water entering in vaporization chamber from sea water inlet pipeline, top is the steam produced after the heating of the hot water in the heated water lines of sea water, top is provided with condenser, condenser is arranged below the fresh-water tank connected, described fresh-water tank connects fresh water line and pulsating pump, described fresh water line passes at the upper side of vaporization chamber, end is connected with fresh-water tank;Described vaporization chamber top is outside equipped with steam pipework, steam pipework one end connection vaporization chamber inner top, the downward other end is communicated to bottom vaporization chamber, steam pipework is provided with compressor and reclaims the steam of non-total condensation, being also associated with siphon outside vaporization chamber, described siphon one end is communicated in vaporization chamber, and end face is positioned at the seawater surface of vaporization chamber, the other end connects the heating pipe road passed from vaporization chamber, and the heating pipe road passed circulation is connected to heater.
Further, described heating pipe road is provided with heating pipe road flow valve in the part passing vaporization chamber side, described heating pipe road is positioned at the part of vaporization chamber and adopts continuous print S shape or square waveform bending shape, increase the length of pipe in vaporization chamber, described sea water inlet pipeline and sea water outlet pipeline are provided with seawater inlet port flow valve and sea water outlet flow valve respectively.
Further, described condenser adopts titanium pipe to make, and for the arcuate structure that low centre, two ends is high, is fresh-water tank below condenser two ends.
Further, described fresh-water tank is circular ring, is fixed on vaporization chamber inwall, having opening bottom the fresh-water tank of fresh water line side, is connected with fresh water line.
Further, salt sub sensor is connected outside described fresh-water tank.
Further, described siphon is positioned at the part outside vaporization chamber is structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom.
The part that described siphon is positioned at outside vaporization chamber is connected to form by three end to end pipes wide at the top and narrow at the bottom.
Further, the material that described vaporization chamber inwall adopts is titanium plate, and the material that outer wall adopts is manganese steel, and adopts blast to weld together.
Beneficial effect
Water in heating pipe road is heated by sea water desalinating unit heater of the present utility model, carries out preheating and sufficient heat exchange with sea water, and sea water is obtained fresh water by the condenser condensation running into top after thermal evaporation;In heater add heat pipe and condenser all adopts titanium pipe, and vaporization chamber inwall adopts titanium plate, outer wall adopts manganese steel, and adopt blast welding to weld together, make plant running stable, be hardly damaged, and the environment of sea water resistance evaporation, adopt siphon arrangement to reduce the pressure in vaporization chamber, improve evaporation efficiency;Meanwhile, it is arranged on the steam that the compressor on steam pipework can would spill out and is compressed, then send back in the sea water of vaporization chamber, reclaimed the heat in steam.Apparatus structure low cost of manufacture of the present utility model, energy consumption is low, environment-friendly high-efficiency, can be substantially reduced the cost of desalinization, improves the efficiency of desalinization.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present utility model, including former and later two sea water desalinating units.
Wherein: 1-heater, 2-heating pipe road, 3-sea water inlet pipeline, 4-sea water inlet pipeline flow valve, 5-sea water outlet pipeline flow valve, 6-sea water outlet pipeline, 7-heating pipe road flow valve, 8-siphon, 9-salt sub sensor, 10-vaporization chamber, 11-condenser, 12-fresh-water tank, 13-fresh water line, 14-steam pipework, 15-compressor.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiments and the drawings, this utility model is expanded on further.
The utility model proposes a kind of sea water desalinating unit, anticipate as shown in Figure 1.A kind of sea water desalinating unit, including heater, heating pipe road and vaporization chamber, described heater 1 has and adds heat pipe, heater 1 connects heating pipe road 2, described heating pipe road 2 enters from side, vaporization chamber 10 bottom, pass from vaporization chamber 10 bottom opposite side, sea water inlet pipeline 3 and sea water outlet pipeline 6 it is also associated with bottom described vaporization chamber 10, in vaporization chamber 10, bottom is full of and enters into the sea water in vaporization chamber 10 from sea water inlet pipeline 3, top is the steam produced after the heating of the hot water in the heated water lines 2 of sea water, top is provided with condenser 11, condenser 11 is arranged below the fresh-water tank 12 connected, described fresh-water tank 12 connects fresh water line 13 and pulsating pump, described fresh water line 13 passes at the upper side of vaporization chamber 10, end is connected with fresh-water tank;Described vaporization chamber 10 top is outside equipped with steam pipework 14, steam pipework 14 one end connection vaporization chamber 10 inner top, the downward other end is communicated to bottom vaporization chamber 10, steam pipework 14 is provided with compressor 15 and reclaims the steam of non-total condensation, siphon 8 it is also associated with outside vaporization chamber 10, described siphon 8 one end is communicated in vaporization chamber 10, end face is positioned at the seawater surface of vaporization chamber 10, the other end connects the heating pipe road 2 passed from vaporization chamber 10, and the heating pipe road 2 passed circulation is connected to heater 1.
Described heating pipe road 2 passes at vaporization chamber 10 and is provided with heating pipe road flow valve 7 in the part of side, described sea water inlet pipeline 3 and sea water outlet pipeline 6 are all also separately installed with seawater inlet port flow valve 4 and sea water outlet flow valve 5, above flow valve is all for controlling the flow of water in respective water lines, to ensure that the evaporation in vaporization chamber 10 can be normally carried out.Described heating pipe road 2 is positioned at the part of vaporization chamber 10 and adopts continuous print S shape or square waveform bending shape, the length of pipe in vaporization chamber 10 is increased with this, the hot water after heater 1 and the sea water in vaporization chamber 10 is enable to carry out being fully warmed-up and exchanging, after sufficient heat exchange, namely sea water evaporates after reaching 47 degree of boiling points, flow into after condenser 11 condensation of the arcuate structure that low centre, two ends is high in vaporization chamber 10 in the fresh-water tank 12 of the circular ring being fixed on vaporization chamber 10 inwall, flow into fresh-water tank again through pulsating pump sucking-off.And owing to the sea water in vaporization chamber 10 and the hot water in heating pipe road are always maintained at flowing, and the suction of pulsating pump, can make to keep above vaporization chamber 10 maritime interior waters certain vacuum pressure levels, simultaneously, siphon 8 wide at the top and narrow at the bottom it is also associated with outside vaporization chamber 10, the pressure above the sea water in vaporization chamber 10 can be reduced, be conducive to evaporation of seawater, improve desalination efficiency.The compressor 15 of the outer side of vaporization chamber 10 is by being re-fed in sea water by after the both vapor compression in vaporization chamber 10, reclaiming re-evaporation, the heating pipe road 2 of the circulation of employing, the middle surplus hot water through heat exchange is also recycling, improve energy utilization rate, make the power consumption of device be substantially reduced.And the heat pipe that adds in described condenser 11 and heater 1 all uses titanium pipe, the material that described vaporization chamber 10 inwall adopts is titanium plate, what outer wall adopted is manganese steel, and adopt blast welding to weld together, enable sea water desalinating unit stable operation of the present utility model, it is hardly damaged, more tolerant to the salt time-sharing environment of sea water.Described fresh-water tank 12 is circumscribed with salt sub sensor 9, controls to adjust flow valve according to the data of salt sub sensor 9, regulates the flow that sea water enters, thus control sea water by thermal evaporation process, obtain satisfactory fresh water.
Above-mentioned device can also be together in series and realize continuous evaporation, anticipate as shown in Figure 1, the sea water outlet pipeline 6 of the previous sea water desalinating unit of two sea water desalinating units is connected with the sea water inlet pipeline 3 of the sea water desalinating unit of later, can continue to evaporate, and flow into next sea water desalinating unit through the residual seawater of heat exchange through sea water outlet pipeline 6 in vaporization chamber 10, also take full advantage of dump energy, further increase efficiency of energy utilization.
Water in heating pipe road is heated by sea water desalinating unit heater of the present utility model, carries out preheating and sufficient heat exchange with sea water, and sea water is obtained fresh water by the condenser condensation running into top after thermal evaporation;In heater add heat pipe and condenser all adopts titanium pipe, and vaporization chamber inwall adopts titanium plate, outer wall adopts manganese steel, and adopt blast welding to weld together, make plant running stable, be hardly damaged, and the environment of sea water resistance evaporation, adopt siphon arrangement to reduce the pressure in vaporization chamber, improve evaporation efficiency;Meanwhile, it is arranged on the steam that the compressor on steam pipework can would spill out and is compressed, then send back in the sea water of vaporization chamber, reclaimed the heat in steam;In continuous evaporation, the steam of recovery with carried out delivering in next stage device by sea water outlet pipeline together with preheating and the sea water that fully exchanges, make use of dump energy further fully.
Device low cost of manufacture of the present utility model, energy consumption is low, environment-friendly high-efficiency, can be substantially reduced the cost of desalinization, improves the efficiency of desalinization.

Claims (8)

  1. null1. a sea water desalinating unit,Including heater,Heating pipe road and vaporization chamber,It is characterized in that: described heater (1) has and adds heat pipe,Heater (1) connects heating pipe road (2),Described heating pipe road (2) enters from vaporization chamber (10) side, bottom,Pass from vaporization chamber (10) bottom opposite side,Described vaporization chamber (10) bottom is also associated with sea water inlet pipeline (3) and sea water outlet pipeline (6),Vaporization chamber (10) interior bottom is full of and enters into the sea water in vaporization chamber (10) from sea water inlet pipeline (3),Top is the steam produced after the heating of the inner hot water of the heated water lines of sea water (2),Top is provided with condenser (11),Condenser (11) is arranged below the fresh-water tank (12) connected,Described fresh-water tank (12) connects fresh water line (13) and pulsating pump,Described fresh water line (13) passes from vaporization chamber (10) upper side,End is connected with fresh-water tank;Described vaporization chamber (10) top is outside equipped with steam pipework (14), steam pipework (14) one end connection vaporization chamber (10) inner top, the downward other end is communicated to vaporization chamber (10) bottom, steam pipework (14) is provided with compressor (15) and reclaims the steam of non-total condensation, vaporization chamber (10) outside is also associated with siphon (8), described siphon (8) one end is communicated in vaporization chamber (10), end face is positioned at the seawater surface of vaporization chamber (10), the other end connects from the heating pipe road (2) that vaporization chamber (10) passes, heating pipe road (2) circulation passed is connected to heater (1).
  2. 2. sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heating pipe road (2) is provided with heating pipe road flow valve (7) in the part passing vaporization chamber (10) side, described heating pipe road (2) is positioned at the part of vaporization chamber (10) and adopts continuous print S shape or square waveform bending shape, increase the length of pipe in vaporization chamber (10), described sea water inlet pipeline (3) and sea water outlet pipeline (6) are provided with seawater inlet port flow valve and sea water outlet flow valve respectively.
  3. 3. sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described condenser (11) adopts titanium pipe to make, and for the arcuate structure that low centre, two ends is high, is fresh-water tank (12) below condenser (11) two ends.
  4. 4. the sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterized in that: described fresh-water tank (12) is circular ring, it is fixed on vaporization chamber (10) inwall, in fresh-water tank (12) bottom near fresh water line (13) side, there is opening, be connected with fresh water line (13).
  5. 5. sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described fresh-water tank (12) connects outward salt sub sensor (9).
  6. 6. sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom that described siphon (8) is positioned at vaporization chamber (10) part outward.
  7. 7. sea water desalinating unit according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described siphon (8) is positioned at vaporization chamber (10) part outward and is connected to form by three end to end pipes wide at the top and narrow at the bottom.
  8. 8. sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the material that described vaporization chamber (10) inwall adopts is titanium plate, and the material that outer wall adopts is manganese steel, and adopts blast to weld together.
CN201521086877.3U 2015-12-23 2015-12-23 Sea water desalting device Expired - Fee Related CN205367777U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521086877.3U CN205367777U (en) 2015-12-23 2015-12-23 Sea water desalting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521086877.3U CN205367777U (en) 2015-12-23 2015-12-23 Sea water desalting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205367777U true CN205367777U (en) 2016-07-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201521086877.3U Expired - Fee Related CN205367777U (en) 2015-12-23 2015-12-23 Sea water desalting device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN205367777U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105540709A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-05-04 中置新能源科技发展(上海)有限公司 Seawater desalination device and seawater desalination system
CN110393931A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-11-01 连云港中海生物科技有限公司 A kind of chondroitin sulfate extract liquor evaporation reflux unit

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105540709A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-05-04 中置新能源科技发展(上海)有限公司 Seawater desalination device and seawater desalination system
CN105540709B (en) * 2015-12-23 2018-05-04 中置新能源科技发展(上海)有限公司 A kind of desalination plant and seawater desalination system
CN110393931A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-11-01 连云港中海生物科技有限公司 A kind of chondroitin sulfate extract liquor evaporation reflux unit

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160706

Termination date: 20171223

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee