CN109205720A - Back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still - Google Patents

Back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109205720A
CN109205720A CN201710535530.XA CN201710535530A CN109205720A CN 109205720 A CN109205720 A CN 109205720A CN 201710535530 A CN201710535530 A CN 201710535530A CN 109205720 A CN109205720 A CN 109205720A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
evaporative condenser
fresh water
heat
storing tank
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Application number
CN201710535530.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109205720B (en
Inventor
郑宏飞
崔丹丹
马兴龙
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Beijing Land Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Land Technology Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/14Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation using solar energy
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/043Details
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/08Seawater, e.g. for desalination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/208Off-grid powered water treatment
    • Y02A20/212Solar-powered wastewater sewage treatment, e.g. spray evaporation

Abstract

A kind of back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still is related to a kind of device using solar energy heating seawater production pure water, it includes vacuum tube solar heating element, hot water storing tank, evaporative condenser chamber, saline slot etc.;The vacuum tube solar heating element collects sunlight and provides heat for the fresh water in hot water storing tank, the heat is reached in first order evaporative condenser chamber by hot water storing tank's wall, heat the seawater on the outside of bucket wall in saline slot first there, generate evaporation, steam generates fresh water in the inside outer wall condensation of first order evaporative condenser chamber, the latent heat of condensation release be used to heat the seawater in the evaporative condenser chamber of the second level in saline slot, generation is evaporated again, successively heat is transmitted outward step by step, generates fresh water step by step.It is disposed with salt water, fresh water demarcation plate on device bottom plate, there also is provided salt water and fresh water efferent duct, avoid salt water and mixing of fresh water.The device condenses cavity configuration using multistage evaporation, has reused heat, improves and produces water efficiency and capacity usage ratio.

Description

Back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still
Technical field
It is especially a kind of using true the present invention relates to a kind of device using solar energy production fresh water of back self-water storage type The multi-level solar distiller that blank pipe solar heat collector to supply heat desalinizes seawater, belongs to technical field of new energy application.
Background technique
Sea water desalination is the important channel for solving shortage of fresh water, and the technology for producing pure water at present mainly includes reverse osmosis Permeable membrane method and the way of distillation, both methods are all to consume the irreplaceable energy as cost, and wherein reverse osmosis membrane needs to consume A large amount of electric energy, traditional distillation rule needs a large amount of thermal energy, and heat utilization rate is low, less economical.Face energy shortage The status that problem is got worse carries out sea water desalination using solar energy, can solve the partial region energy to a certain extent Insufficient problem.Solar seawater desalination system at present haves the shortcomings that cost of investment is excessive low with efficiency utilization rate.Comprehensive point The low reason of fresh water yield is analysed, is mainly had: underusing the latent heat of condensation, seawater thermal capacity to be evaporated is larger etc..Therefore it uses It is to improve the Main way of solar still performance that multistage evaporation, which makes full use of the latent heat of condensation,.
In order to solve the problems, such as that current desalination plant exists, according to multistage evaporation condensation and vacuum tube collector thermal-arrest Basic thought, devise a kind of multi-level solar distiller of back self-water storage type.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, utilizing solar vacuum tube the present invention provides a kind of back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still Energy heat collector collects thermal energy, and as heat source desalinating saline water and bitter, produces fresh water.The device passes through vacuum pipe solar Heat collector collects thermal energy and by the high-temperature heat-storage fresh water in heat accumulation bucket through the seawater in bucket wall heating saline slot, generates multistage steam Hair and condensation process, and transmitted outward step by step through multistage evaporation condensation chamber, steam is condensed in evaporative condenser wall inner surface, thus high Effect obtains fresh water, has capacity usage ratio height, the big advantage of water yield.
A kind of back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still, including vacuum tube solar heating element, hot water storing tank, distillation Device, insulating layer, the structures such as fresh water and strong brine output channel.
The technical proposal for solving the technical problem of the invention is: vacuum tube solar heating element be mutually in parallel and with storage Hot fresh water connection, positioned at the lower section of whole device, for receiving the heat of sunlight, provides energy for the operation of device.It is multistage Evaporative condenser wall and hot water storing tank are coaxially arranged, and are semi-cylindrical wall surface structure, and steamings at different levels are closed using device bottom plate in lower end Send out condensation chamber.Saline slot is designed in the arch face outer wall of hot water storing tank and evaporative condenser chamber at different levels, seawater passes through seawater water inlet pipe not Disconnected supplement.The downside arch face and device plate outer side of hot water storing tank is respectively designed with insulating layer and insulation board, reduces the damage of heat It loses.It is also devised with fresh water salt water demarcation plate on the inside of device bottom plate, fresh water and strong brine are separated, it is defeated to be separately connected fresh water Outlet pipe and strong brine efferent duct.
Working principle is: vacuum tube solar heating element collects sunlight and provides heat for the fresh water in hot water storing tank, should Heat is reached in first order evaporative condenser chamber by hot water storing tank's wall, heats the sea on the outside of bucket wall in saline slot first there Water generates evaporation, and steam generates fresh water in the inside outer wall condensation of first order evaporative condenser chamber, and the latent heat for condensing release is used for The seawater in second level evaporative condenser chamber in saline slot is heated, generation is evaporated again, successively transmitted heat outward step by step, step by step Generate fresh water.The fresh water of generation enters the fresh-water tank of this grade of distiller bottom, and remaining concentrated seawater flows into strong brine slot, and respectively It is exported by fresh water efferent duct and concentrated seawater efferent duct.
The utility model has the advantages that
It (1) is the energy, environmental protection and energy saving using solar energy.
(2) it is improved while reducing system energy consumption using the sensible heat of the latent heat of vaporization of vapor and high-temperature water to greatest extent The energy utilization rate of system.
(3) vacuum tube solar heating element is only connected with fresh-water cask, and heating working medium is fresh water, and there is no foulings and corrosion to ask Topic.
(4) device whole design is compact, and structure is simple, has preferable economy and practicability.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is apparatus of the present invention schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is implementation example figure of the present invention using external thermal-arrest;
Fig. 3 is implementation example figure of the present invention using dual evaporation condensation.
Wherein, 1- fresh water efferent duct;2- fresh water salt water demarcation plate;3- device bottom plate;4- saline slot;5- crust of the device;6- Salt water;7- seawater water inlet pipe;8- evaporative condenser wall;9- evaporative condenser chamber;10- insulation board;11- strong brine efferent duct;12- heat preservation Layer;13- hot water storing tank;14- vacuum tube solar heating element;15- heat accumulation fresh water;16- heat collector linker;17- water tank connecting leg.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in Figure 1, utilizing solar energy heat-storage the present invention provides a kind of back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still Mode heating seawater generates fresh water.Multi-level solar distiller is using coaxially arranged, and wherein hot water storing tank (13) is Horizontal cylinder Shape is located at center, and evaporative condenser wall (8) is semicircle pillar, is distributed in the peripheral side of hot water storing tank (13).In water storage The lower half cylindrical surface of bucket (13) is furnished with vacuum tube solar heating element (14).Sunlight is radiated on vacuum tube collector (14), Thermal energy is stored by heat accumulation fresh water (15), and heats the seawater (6) being distributed on the outside of hot water storing tank (13) wall in saline slot (4), is produced Raw evaporation, steam generate fresh water in the inside outer wall condensation of first order evaporative condenser chamber (9), and the latent heat for condensing release be used to add Seawater (6) in hot second level evaporative condenser chamber (9) in saline slot (4), generation is evaporated again, once by heat step by step to unofficial biography It passs, generates fresh water step by step.Vapor enters evaporative condenser chamber (9), and passes through upside evaporative condenser wall (8) and cold seawater to make heat exchange, It is condensed in its inner surface, along the fresh-water tank of inner surface inflow device bottom plate (3), remaining strong brine enters dense condensed fresh water Seawater slot.Steam discharges the sea in Topography next stage evaporative condenser wall (8) outer surface seawater slot (4) during condensation Water (6).It circuits sequentially, forms multi-stage distillation equipment.The fresh water finally generated is defeated by the fresh water efferent duct (1) on device bottom plate Out, concentrated seawater passes through concentrated seawater efferent duct (11) output on device bottom plate.
As shown in Fig. 2, being back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still using the implementation example figure of external collection hot mode.? Heat collector linker is designed in the upper end of vacuum tube solar heating element, and passes through water tank between heat collector linker and hot water storing tank Connecting leg connection, such diversification mounting means of device increase the selection of hot water storing tank and distiller structure placement space Scheme.
As shown in figure 3, using the implementation example figure of level two for back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still.Whole knot Structure and operation logic are identical as multilevel system, and structure is simpler, and the solar energy that different series can be designed according to different demands steams Evaporate device device.
In conclusion the above is merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, being not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in of the invention Within protection scope.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of back self-water storage type multi-stage solar still, it is characterised in that: the device includes vacuum pipe solar thermal-arrest Device (14), hot water storing tank (13), insulating layer (12), insulation board (10), distiller, seawater water inlet pipe (7), fresh water efferent duct (1) With strong brine efferent duct (11) etc.;The vacuum tube solar heating element (14) is composed in parallel by multiple vacuum tubes, with fill Hot water storing tank (13) connection of full heat accumulation fresh water (15);The distiller is by crust of the device (5), device bottom plate (3), multiple evaporations Condensation chamber (9) and evaporative condenser wall (8), saline slot (4), fresh water salt water demarcation plate (2) composition, wherein saline slot (4) is arranged in Evaporations at different levels are given by seawater water inlet pipe (7) in the outer surface of the round arch face of hot water storing tank (13) and evaporative condenser wall at different levels (8) Saline slot in condensation chamber supplies salt water (6), and the cavity between evaporative condenser walls (8) at different levels forms evaporative condenser chamber (9);It is steaming The bottom design for evaporating device evaporative condenser chamber (9) has fresh water salt water demarcation plate (2), on the device bottom plate (3) on demarcation plate (2) both sides It is respectively disposed with fresh water efferent duct (1) and strong brine efferent duct (11) and is connected to evaporative condenser chamber.
2. self-water storage type multi-stage solar still in back according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: hot water storing tank (13) Outer surface design with the round arch face of evaporative condenser walls (8) at different levels has multiple saline slots (4), for storing seawater, evaporates cold The inner surface of solidifying wall (8) produces fresh water for the steam in condensation evaporation condensation chamber (9).
3. self-water storage type multi-stage solar still in back according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: evaporative condenser chamber (9) bottom design has fresh water salt water demarcation plate (2), for separating salt water and the fresh water in distiller, and them is allowed to distinguish From fresh water efferent duct (1) and strong brine efferent duct (11) output device.
4. self-water storage type multi-stage solar still in back according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: hot water storing tank (13) Downside arch face and the bottom of distiller evaporative condenser chamber (9) be respectively equipped with insulating layer (12) and insulation board (10).
CN201710535530.XA 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Back is from multistage solar still of water storage formula Active CN109205720B (en)

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CN201710535530.XA CN109205720B (en) 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Back is from multistage solar still of water storage formula

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CN109205720B CN109205720B (en) 2022-03-25

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112607807A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-04-06 四川大学 Negative pressure distillation water purifier and solar negative pressure water purifier system
CN112777664A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-11 内蒙古工业大学 Solar seawater distillation device and system based on light condensation and heat collection

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010058042A (en) * 2008-09-03 2010-03-18 Kinki Univ Solar thermal distillation apparatus
CN202016888U (en) * 2011-01-13 2011-10-26 北京理工大学 Multistage overlaid-disc type solar still with crumpled condensation bottom surface
CN103964524A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-08-06 北京理工大学 Solar energy sea water desalinization device based on reflection and total reflection
CN105253938A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-20 周小光 Solar seawater desalination device
WO2017107020A1 (en) * 2015-12-21 2017-06-29 李卫进 Household solar seawater desalination apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010058042A (en) * 2008-09-03 2010-03-18 Kinki Univ Solar thermal distillation apparatus
CN202016888U (en) * 2011-01-13 2011-10-26 北京理工大学 Multistage overlaid-disc type solar still with crumpled condensation bottom surface
CN103964524A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-08-06 北京理工大学 Solar energy sea water desalinization device based on reflection and total reflection
CN105253938A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-20 周小光 Solar seawater desalination device
WO2017107020A1 (en) * 2015-12-21 2017-06-29 李卫进 Household solar seawater desalination apparatus

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112607807A (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-04-06 四川大学 Negative pressure distillation water purifier and solar negative pressure water purifier system
CN112777664A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-11 内蒙古工业大学 Solar seawater distillation device and system based on light condensation and heat collection
CN112777664B (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-07-22 内蒙古工业大学 Solar seawater distillation device and system based on light condensation and heat collection

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