CN205357493U - Liquid manure integration fertigation machine - Google Patents

Liquid manure integration fertigation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205357493U
CN205357493U CN201620138734.0U CN201620138734U CN205357493U CN 205357493 U CN205357493 U CN 205357493U CN 201620138734 U CN201620138734 U CN 201620138734U CN 205357493 U CN205357493 U CN 205357493U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
water
fertilising
controller
spreading tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620138734.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李加珂
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Laiwu Lvzhiyuan Water Saving Factory
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Shandong Laiwu Lvzhiyuan Water Saving Factory
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Priority to CN201620138734.0U priority Critical patent/CN205357493U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205357493U publication Critical patent/CN205357493U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a liquid manure integration fertigation machine, including the base, its characterized in that: still including installing fertilizing tank and the control mechanism on the base, the fertilizing tank upper end sets up annotates fertile mouthful and water filling port, set up the water injection solenoid valve on the inlet tube, set up the rabbling mechanism in the fertilizing tank, the rabbling mechanism includes agitator motor, set up level sensor in the fertilizing tank, the fertilizing tank lower extreme sets up out fertile mouthful, it is connected with fertilizer spout's one end to go out fertile mouthful, the last order of fertilizer spout sets up fertilize manual valve, fertilization pump, fertilization solenoid valve and turbine flowmeter, control mechanism includes controller and operation panel, the controller respectively with water injection solenoid valve, level sensor, agitator motor, fertilization pump, fertilization solenoid valve and turbine flowmeter circuit connection, set up touch display screen on the operation panel, touch display screen and controller circuit are connected. Compared with the prior art have degree of automation height, characteristics that the fertilization precision is high.

Description

Water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine
Technical field
This utility model relates to agricultural equipment technical field, specifically water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine.
Background technology
Water-fertilizer integral Precision Irrigation fertilizer practice is irrigation and fertilising to be combined together, carries out the new agricultural technology of Precision Irrigation fertilising.This technology is by pressure irrigation system, solution soluble solids fertilizer or liquid fertilizer dissolved is together with irrigation water, uniformly, crop root soil it is transported to exactly, effectively control duty and dose, improve liquid manure utilization ratio, and can according to plant growth demand, carry out the time of infertility moisture and nutrient quantitatively, regularly, supply in proportion.
The domestic water-fertilizer integral that realizes substantially has three kinds of modes at present, and one is to be applied fertilizer by fertilizer spreading tank, and this mode can only realize fertilising simply by pressure differential, and process data cannot gather and apply;One is Development of Venturi Fertilizer Applicator, and this fertilizer applicator cannot realize accurate control, and is not suitable for establishing in large scale garden;Also having one is applied fertilizer by fertilizing pump and fertilization pool, and this mode cannot gather application date valuable with application traffic, speed etc. equally, and floor space is big, put into height, is not suitable for popularization and application.Above-mentioned three kinds of modes also ubiquity automatization is low, the defect of fertilising uniformity difference.
Utility model content
The utility model proposes water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine, including base, it is characterised in that: also include the fertilizer spreading tank and the controlling organization that are arranged on base;Described fertilizer spreading tank upper end arranges fertilizer injeciton opening and water filling port, and described water filling port is connected with water inlet pipe one end, and described water inlet pipe arranges water injecting electromagnetic valve;Arranging rabbling mechanism in fertilizer spreading tank, rabbling mechanism includes stirring motor;In described fertilizer spreading tank, level sensor is set;Described fertilizer spreading tank lower end arranges a fertilizer outlet, and described fertilizer outlet is connected with one end of fertilizer delivering pipe, and on described fertilizer delivering pipe, order arranges fertilising hand-operated valve, fertilizing pump, fertilising electromagnetic valve and turbine flowmeter;Described controlling organization includes controller and operating board, and described controller is connected with water injecting electromagnetic valve, level sensor, stirring motor, fertilizing pump, fertilising electromagnetic valve and turbine flowmeter circuit respectively;Arranging touch display screen on operating board, described touch display screen is connected with controller circuitry.
As preferred technical scheme, described rabbling mechanism also includes stirring main shaft, stirring vane, and described stirring main shaft one end is stretched in fertilizer spreading tank, and the other end is connected with stirring motor, and described stirring vane is arranged on stirring main shaft.
As preferred technical scheme, the water inlet pipe other end connects water feed apparatus, and described water feed apparatus is intake pump.
As preferred technical scheme, the other end of fertilizer delivering pipe connects fertilising shower nozzle.
As preferred technical scheme, the fertilizer delivering pipe between fertilising hand-operated valve and fertilizing pump also sets up fertilising filter.
As preferred technical scheme, the lower end of described fertilizer spreading tank also sets up sewage draining exit, and sewage draining exit is connected with blow-off pipe, and described blow-off pipe arranges blowdown hand-operated valve.
As preferred technical scheme, described controller is programmable logic controller (PLC).
Owing to have employed technique scheme, this utility model has beneficial effect highlighted below:
1, full-automatic liquid manure all-in-one of the present utility model, substitutes artificially applying fertilizer and irrigation, is accurately controlled dose and irrigation amount, can monitor fertilising and the flow watered in real time and the time controls, and complete equipment delicate structure, simple to operate, controllability is strong.
2, both gone for Large Area of Crops to produce, it is also possible to suitable in some scattered little area farmlands, applied widely, used unrestricted.
3, fertilizer applicator can automatic order complete add water, stir, the sequence of operations such as fertilising, automaticity is high, staff also can operate touch display screen at any time, according to practical situation, the parameters such as manual adjustments upper control limit water level, lower limit water level, mixing time, fertilising speed, realize the random adjustment of dose, Application Ratio, fertilising speed, realize accurate fertilization effect, accomplish " wilfulness " of fertilising, change the drawback that the fertilising of conventional traditional fertilization pattern bothers, precision is not high, labor intensity is big.
4, each functional part of this utility model arrange scientific and reasonable, it is easy to transport and install, easy to operate.
5, irrigate accurately and apply fertilizer integrated water-fertilizer integral, fertilizer is with near appropriate entrance crop root of pouring water, will not run off in deep layer, both improve fertilizer efficiency, make again subsoil water from the pollution of fertilizer and chemical agent, needed for irrigating and the mode of fertilising be truly realized crop moisture and nutrient carry out uniform, control and supply in right amount, exactly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that this utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art will be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiments more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the premise not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is that this utility model faces structural representation.
Fig. 2 is this utility model plan structure schematic diagram.
In figure: 1-base;2-fertilizer spreading tank;3-fertilizer injeciton opening;4-water filling port;5-water inlet pipe;6-water injecting electromagnetic valve;7-stirs main shaft;8-stirring vane;9-stirring motor;10-fertilizer outlet;11-fertilizer delivering pipe;12-applies fertilizer hand-operated valve;13-fertilizing pump;14-applies fertilizer electromagnetic valve;15-turbine flowmeter;16-applies fertilizer filter;17-sewage draining exit;18-blow-off pipe;19-blowdown hand-operated valve;20-controller;21-operating board.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in this utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in this utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of this utility model, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in this utility model, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of this utility model protection.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, this utility model includes base 1, is arranged on the fertilizer spreading tank 2 on base 1 and controlling organization.Described fertilizer spreading tank 2 upper end arranges fertilizer injeciton opening 3 and water filling port 4, described fertilizer injeciton opening 3 is for the input of fertilizer, described water filling port 4 is connected with water inlet pipe 5 one end, and water inlet pipe 5 other end connects water feed apparatus, and described water feed apparatus is intake pump, do not represent in the drawings, arranging water injecting electromagnetic valve 6 on described water inlet pipe 5, water injecting electromagnetic valve 6 is opened, and fertilizer spreading tank 2 can be carried out water filling, water injecting electromagnetic valve 6 is closed, and can stop fertilizer spreading tank 2 water filling.
In fertilizer spreading tank 2, rabbling mechanism is set, described rabbling mechanism includes stirring main shaft 7, stirring vane 8 and the stirring motor 9 driving stirring main shaft 7 to rotate, described stirring main shaft 7 one end is stretched in fertilizer spreading tank 2, the other end is connected with stirring motor 9, described stirring vane 8 is arranged on stirring main shaft 7, stirring motor 9 action, stirring main shaft 7 and stirring vane 8 is driven to realize the stirring to the fertilizer in fertilizer spreading tank 2 and water, accelerate to dissolve, fertilizer is made to mix homogeneously with water, insoluble fertilizer is avoided to form precipitation, it is ensured that the uniformity of fertilising.
In described fertilizer spreading tank 2, level sensor is set, by level sensor, the water level in fertilizer spreading tank 2 is detected, it is simple to the regulation and control to Application Ratio.
Described fertilizer spreading tank 2 lower end arranges a fertilizer outlet 10, described fertilizer outlet 10 is connected with one end of fertilizer delivering pipe 11, the other end of fertilizer delivering pipe 11 connects fertilising shower nozzle, by applying fertilizer, shower nozzle realizes fertilising, on described fertilizer delivering pipe 11, order arranges fertilising hand-operated valve 12, fertilizing pump 13, fertilising electromagnetic valve 14 and turbine flowmeter 15, and the fertilizer delivering pipe 11 between fertilising hand-operated valve 12 and fertilizing pump 13 also sets up fertilising filter 16.After being mixed homogeneously with water by fertilizer, it is necessary to during fertilising, open fertilising hand-operated valve 12 and fertilizing pump 13; under the effect of fertilizing pump 13; liquid manure is by the filter 16 that applies fertilizer, and insoluble solids granule or other impurity are filtered out by fertilising filter 16 together, it is ensured that being normally carried out of whole fertigation.Liquid manure after filtering is then through fertilizing pump 13 and fertilising electromagnetic valve 14, and fertilising electromagnetic valve 14 is opened, and normally applies fertilizer, fertilising electromagnetic valve 14 cuts out, stop fertilising, when fertilising hand-operated valve 12 cuts out, the opening and closing of fertilising electromagnetic valve 14, all without carrying out fertilizing operation, biswitch controls, and conveniently regulating and controlling can realize automatically controlling, Non-follow control can be realized again, use scope wide.Turbine flowmeter 15 can monitor fertilising and the flow watered in real time.
The lower end of described fertilizer spreading tank 2 also sets up sewage draining exit 17, sewage draining exit 17 is connected with blow-off pipe 18, described blow-off pipe 18 arranges blowdown hand-operated valve 19, after fertilizing operation, liquid manure residue is there is also in fertilizer spreading tank 2, now opening blowdown hand-operated valve 19, discharged by the residue of fertilizer spreading tank 2, convenient next time uses.
nullDescribed controlling organization includes controller 20 and operating board 21,Described controller 20 is programmable logic controller (PLC),Described controller 20 respectively with water injecting electromagnetic valve 6、Level sensor、Stirring motor 9、Fertilizing pump 13、Fertilising electromagnetic valve 14 and turbine flowmeter 15 circuit connect,Controller 20 and water injecting electromagnetic valve 6、Level sensor、Stirring motor 9、Fertilizing pump 13、Circuit between fertilising electromagnetic valve 14 and turbine flowmeter 15 connects,It is common circuit to connect,It is known by insider,Controller 20 controls water injecting electromagnetic valve 6、Stirring motor 9、The switch of fertilizing pump 13 and fertilising electromagnetic valve 14 is prior art,Controller 20 is to level sensor、The control of turbine flowmeter 15 is also prior art,And this part is not the innovative part of the application,It is not repeated at this.
Arranging touch display screen on operating board 21, described touch display screen is connected with controller 20 circuit, is operated by touching display screen, clicks directly on touch screen corresponding contacts, can realize respective action, it is achieved fertilizing functions.
nullTime specifically used,First connect water feed apparatus,After figuring out Application Ratio according to fertilization area or Seedling,Fertilizer is put into from fertilizer injeciton opening 3,Fertilizer herein can be liquid fertilizer,It can also be solid fertilizer,Operation touches display screen,Upper limit water level is set、Lower limit water level、Mixing time、The parameters such as fertilising speed,Controller 20 controls water injecting electromagnetic valve 6 and opens,When arriving upper limit water level,Level sensor transmits a signal to controller 20,Controller 20 controls water injecting electromagnetic valve 6 and cuts out,After water filling,Controller 20 controls stirring motor 9 action,When arriving the mixing time set,Stirring motor 9 stops stirring,Complete stirring operation,Controller 20 controls fertilizing pump 13 and fertilising electromagnetic valve 14 is opened,Carry out fertilizing operation,When arriving lower limit water level,It is complete that controller 20 controls this fertilizing operation,Fertilizer applicator can automatic order complete add water、Stirring、The sequence of operations such as fertilising,Automaticity is high.Staff can operate touch display screen at any time, according to practical situation, the parameters such as manual adjustments upper control limit water level, lower limit water level, mixing time, fertilising speed, realize the random adjustment of dose, Application Ratio, fertilising speed, realize accurate fertilization effect, accomplish " wilfulness " of fertilising, change the drawback that the fertilising of conventional traditional fertilization pattern bothers, precision is not high, labor intensity is big.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit this utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment of making, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine, including base, it is characterised in that: also include the fertilizer spreading tank and the controlling organization that are arranged on base;Described fertilizer spreading tank upper end arranges fertilizer injeciton opening and water filling port, and described water filling port is connected with water inlet pipe one end, and described water inlet pipe arranges water injecting electromagnetic valve;Arranging rabbling mechanism in fertilizer spreading tank, rabbling mechanism includes stirring motor;In described fertilizer spreading tank, level sensor is set;Described fertilizer spreading tank lower end arranges a fertilizer outlet, and described fertilizer outlet is connected with one end of fertilizer delivering pipe, and on described fertilizer delivering pipe, order arranges fertilising hand-operated valve, fertilizing pump, fertilising electromagnetic valve and turbine flowmeter;Described controlling organization includes controller and operating board, and described controller is connected with water injecting electromagnetic valve, level sensor, stirring motor, fertilizing pump, fertilising electromagnetic valve and turbine flowmeter circuit respectively;Arranging touch display screen on operating board, described touch display screen is connected with controller circuitry.
2. the water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rabbling mechanism also includes stirring main shaft, stirring vane, described stirring main shaft one end is stretched in fertilizer spreading tank, and the other end is connected with stirring motor, and described stirring vane is arranged on stirring main shaft.
3. the water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the water inlet pipe other end connects water feed apparatus, and described water feed apparatus is intake pump.
4. the water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the other end of fertilizer delivering pipe connects fertilising shower nozzle.
5. the water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fertilizer delivering pipe between fertilising hand-operated valve and fertilizing pump also sets up fertilising filter.
6. the water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the lower end of described fertilizer spreading tank also sets up sewage draining exit, and sewage draining exit is connected with blow-off pipe, and described blow-off pipe arranges blowdown hand-operated valve.
7. the water-fertilizer integral fertigation machine described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described controller is programmable logic controller (PLC).
CN201620138734.0U 2016-02-24 2016-02-24 Liquid manure integration fertigation machine Expired - Fee Related CN205357493U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106508233A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-03-22 钦州市中航科技咨询有限公司 Fertilization control system for bananas planted in mountainous regions
CN106664928A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-17 郑立坚 Precise water and fertilizer integrated machine
CN106718688A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-31 江苏朗锐茂达铸造有限公司 For the magnetic flaw detection ink automatic spraying arrangement of magnetic powder inspection
CN106879401A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-23 浙江金石生物科技有限公司 A kind of liquid manure integrated device of greenhouse
CN108650962A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-10-16 北京然生环保科技有限公司 A kind of assembled agricultural water fertilizer integration irrigation equipment
CN113348842A (en) * 2021-06-17 2021-09-07 昆明理工大学 Orchard automatic variable rate fertilizer distributor based on multi-line laser radar

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718688A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-05-31 江苏朗锐茂达铸造有限公司 For the magnetic flaw detection ink automatic spraying arrangement of magnetic powder inspection
CN106718688B (en) * 2016-12-16 2020-08-14 江苏朗锐茂达铸造有限公司 Automatic sprinkling irrigation device for magnetic suspension liquid for magnetic powder inspection
CN106664928A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-17 郑立坚 Precise water and fertilizer integrated machine
CN106508233A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-03-22 钦州市中航科技咨询有限公司 Fertilization control system for bananas planted in mountainous regions
CN106879401A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-23 浙江金石生物科技有限公司 A kind of liquid manure integrated device of greenhouse
CN108650962A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-10-16 北京然生环保科技有限公司 A kind of assembled agricultural water fertilizer integration irrigation equipment
CN113348842A (en) * 2021-06-17 2021-09-07 昆明理工大学 Orchard automatic variable rate fertilizer distributor based on multi-line laser radar

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160706

Termination date: 20200224

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee