CN205294968U - Combined chinampa and chinampa system - Google Patents

Combined chinampa and chinampa system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN205294968U
CN205294968U CN201520890648.0U CN201520890648U CN205294968U CN 205294968 U CN205294968 U CN 205294968U CN 201520890648 U CN201520890648 U CN 201520890648U CN 205294968 U CN205294968 U CN 205294968U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chinampa
combined
body part
plant
floating body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201520890648.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈庆瑞
李琼
甘平
路凯文
冯嵩
赵晋灵
周广福
王宝驹
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ELIONER ECOLOGICAL REMEDIATION CO., LTD.
Original Assignee
Elioner Ecological Remediation Co Ltd
Elion Resources Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Elioner Ecological Remediation Co Ltd, Elion Resources Group Co Ltd filed Critical Elioner Ecological Remediation Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520890648.0U priority Critical patent/CN205294968U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205294968U publication Critical patent/CN205294968U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a combined chinampa and chinampa system, this combined chinampa is including being arranged in floating in the body portion (10) of water, matrix filling layer (20) of bearing in this body portion (10) and having the nitrogen and phosphorus removal function to and chinampa plant (30) of planting on these matrix filling layer (20). Can can realize the nutritive salt such as nitrogen phosphorus in enrichment, decomposition, absorption, the transfer water through the enrichment of combined chinampa, in other words through the function in coordination that promotes carrier, matrix, microorganism and chinampa plant, realizes the high efficiency and gets rid of the purpose of the nutrient source in the water have the chinampa plant owing to planting in addition, still has the view function.

Description

Combined chinampa and chinampa system
Technical field
The utility model relates to ecological purified water field, specifically, it relates to a kind of combined chinampa and the chinampa system comprising this combined chinampa.
Background technology
It is reported, within 2014, Beijing uses reuse water supply lake, river view user to reach 25. The whole city utilizes reuse water 8.6 billion cubic meter, is equivalent to 430 Kun Minghu. Being mainly used in improving urban rivers and lakes water surrounding, reuse water has become stable " the 2nd water source ".
On April 18th, 2015, State Council formally issues and clearly requires in " water prevention and cure of pollution action plan " (be called for short " ten, water ") that ecoscape etc. is with water, will preferentially use reuse water.
Along with more and more reuse waters as view moisturizing, will enter the landscape water bodies such as nearly Landscape River, lake, will there be stable water source in more and more rivers. But contrast " GB3838-2002 water environment quality standard ", cities and towns dispose of sewage factory produce reuse water water quality still belong to bad V class water, pollution load is far super by receiving the water environment capacity in river, namely river hydrological environment can be caused certain impact, water body aquatic ecosystem can be caused again destruction to a certain degree, therefore it is badly in need of the reuse water entered is carried out advanced treatment, promotes the water environment capacity of receiving water body, ensure the landscape function of water body.
Practical novel content
An object of the present utility model is to provide a kind of combined chinampa, and water body can be carried out advanced nitrogen dephosphorization process and have landscape function concurrently by this combined chinampa.
Another object of the present utility model is to provide a kind of chinampa system, and this chinampa system comprises the chinampa system that the utility model provides.
According to an aspect of the present utility model, a kind of combined chinampa is provided, this combined chinampa comprises the floating body part for floating in water body, is carried in this floating body part and has the matrix packing layer of denitrogenation dephosphorizing function, and the chinampa plant being planted on this matrix packing layer.
Preferably, described floating body part is formed as closed frame, and the inwall of this closed frame is provided with bracing frame, and described matrix packing layer is taken attached on this bracing frame.
Preferably, described closed frame comprises skeleton and is coated on the floating material layer of the outside of this skeleton.
Preferably, described skeleton is stainless steel tube skeleton, and described floating material layer is hard polyurethane foam.
Preferably, described matrix packing layer is carried in described floating body part by base for supporting.
Preferably, described base for supporting comprises the mesh sheet being carried in described floating body part, and the geotechnical grid being arranged in this mesh sheet, and described chinampa plant growing is in the room, chamber that described geotechnical grid surrounds.
Preferably, described mesh sheet comprises the metal mesh sheet being positioned in described floating body part and the plastic deeping being positioned on this metal mesh sheet.
Preferably, described matrix packing layer being also coated with and the plant fixing layer that this floating body part described fixes, this plant fixing layer is formed with plant fixing cave, described chinampa plant is through described plant fixing cave.
Preferably, the bottom of described floating body part is provided with counterweight block.
Preferably, microbial film water purification part also it is provided with between described counterweight block and described floating body part.
Preferably, described microbial film water purification part comprises carbon fibre bio-carrier.
According to another aspect of the present utility model, it is provided that a kind of chinampa system, this chinampa system comprises the chinampa system that the utility model provides.
Pass through technique scheme, can by filling the nutritive factor needed for chinampa plant and microorganism growth in matrix packing layer, the enrichment matrix of the nutritive salt such as the carrier of confession microorganic adhesion and enriched in nitrogen phosphorus, such as can by with the use of multiple slow release type function matrix and high-performance bio affinity carrier, like this, by nutritive salt such as the nitrogen phosphorus in enrichment matrix enrichment polluted-water, there is provided carbon source by slow release type function matrix simultaneously, trace element, inorganic nutrient salt, the somatomedins such as growth stimulant and the useful function yeast of compound, ensure the good metabolism of chinampa plant and microorganism, improve water proximate habitat, chinampa and function yeast concentration, thus, enrichment can be realized by the enrichment of combined chinampa, decompose, absorb, the nutritive salt such as the nitrogen phosphorus in transfer water body, in other words, by promoting carrier, matrix, the synergistic function of microorganism and chinampa plant, realize the object of the efficient nutrition source removed in water body, in addition it is implanted with chinampa plant owing to planting, also there is landscape function.
Other feature and advantage of the present utility model are described in detail in embodiment part subsequently.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing be used to provide to of the present utility model it is further understood that and form the part of specification sheets, be used from explanation the utility model with embodiment one below, but do not form restriction of the present utility model. In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation on the combined chinampa that the utility model preferred implementation provides;
Fig. 2 is the explosive view on the combined chinampa that the utility model preferred implementation improves, and wherein, for ease of clear expression, eliminates chinampa plant;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the geotechnical grid that the utility model preferred implementation provides;
Fig. 4 is the radial section structural representation of the skeleton that the utility model preferred implementation provides.
Description of reference numerals
10 floating body part 11 bracing frame 120 skeletons
121 floating material layer 122 Connection Card button 13 counterweight blocks
20 matrix packing layer 210 mesh sheet 2101 plastic deepings
2102 metal mesh sheet 211 geotechnical grids 2110 kinds plant lattice room
2111 chinampa, non-plantation lattice room 30 plant 40 plant fixing floor
41 plant fixing cave 50 carbon fibre bio-carriers
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail. Should be understood that, embodiment described herein, only for instruction and explanation of the utility model, is not limited to the utility model.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the utility model provides a kind of combined chinampa, wherein, this combined chinampa comprises the floating body part 10 for floating in water body, is carried in this floating body part 10 and has the matrix packing layer 20 of denitrogenation dephosphorizing function and the chinampa plant 30 being planted on this matrix packing layer 20.
Specifically, this matrix packing layer 20 can fill the nutrient removal part matrix such as nitrogen phosphorus and plant and microorganism growth promotes part matrix. Such as, the nutrient removal part matrix such as nitrogen phosphorus can by for the enrichment matrix of the nutritive salt such as enriched in nitrogen phosphorus and the slow release carbon source matrix that is fixed with denitrogenation dephosphorizing functional flora for adsorbing. This enrichment matrix can be one or more in zeolite, turfy soil, blast furnace slag, coal ash slag and volcanics. The zeolite powder that this slow release carbon source matrix can be fixed with denitrogenation dephosphorizing function yeast by absorption and starch water-absorbing resin mixing copolymerization and become, such as, it is possible to for while mixing and absorption have the immobilized microorganism bacterium agent of porous-starch system High hydrophilous resin of nitrated, denitrification function bacterium.
Plant and microorganism growth promote that part matrix can mix for the slow-release bio bacterial manure and turfy soil, perlite being embedded with the somatomedins such as trace element, inorganic nutrient salt, growth stimulant. Wherein, turfy soil can play the effect of buffering matrix, make sustained-release matrix be delayed the most of nutritive element released to be absorbed by chinampa plant and Institute of Micro-biology, and do not run off with water body, improve the utilization ratio of sustained-release matrix, perlite can increase ventilation property, ensures the effect of breathing that chinampa plant is good.
Namely, can by filling the nutritive factor needed for chinampa plant and microorganism growth in matrix packing layer, the enrichment matrix of the nutritive salt such as the carrier of confession microorganic adhesion and enriched in nitrogen phosphorus, such as can by with the use of multiple slow release type function matrix and high-performance bio affinity carrier, like this, by nutritive salt such as the nitrogen phosphorus in enrichment matrix enrichment polluted-water, there is provided carbon source by slow release type function matrix simultaneously, trace element, inorganic nutrient salt, the somatomedins such as growth stimulant and the useful function yeast of compound, ensure the good metabolism of chinampa plant and microorganism, improve water proximate habitat, chinampa and function yeast concentration, thus, enrichment can be realized by the enrichment of combined chinampa, decompose, absorb, the nutritive salt such as the nitrogen phosphorus in transfer water body, in other words, by promoting carrier, matrix, the synergistic function of microorganism and chinampa plant, realize the object of the efficient nutrition source removed in water body, in addition it is implanted with chinampa plant owing to planting, also there is landscape function.
For ease of combined chinampa stable float on the water surface, and realize reliably supported frame 11, described floating body part 10 is formed as closed frame, and the inwall of this closed frame is provided with bracing frame 11, and described matrix packing layer 20 is taken attached on this bracing frame 11. Such as, closed frame can circular frame, regular polygon frame or other suitable shapes frame shape structure, this is not restricted by the utility model, all belongs among protection domain of the present utility model. Wherein, bracing frame 11 can for being the inside that herring-bone or cross bracket are arranged at closed frame. Certainly, bracing frame 11 can also be the shelf structure that other are suitable, and this is not restricted by the utility model, all belongs among protection domain of the present utility model.
Wherein, for ease of the connection on each combined chinampa in hereafter described chinampa system, closed frame can also arrange multiple Connection Card passing radially through this floating material layer 121 and buckle 123, like this, on a combined chinampa, one end of Connection Card button 123 extends to the outside of the closed frame of floating material layer 121, to connect with the Connection Card button 123 phase card on another adjacent combined chinampa, the other end of Connection Card button 123 protrudes from the inwall of closed frame, with above-mentioned bracing frame 11 concrete mutually.
As shown in Figure 4, firmly closing frame for convenience of processing structure, described closed frame comprises skeleton 120 and is coated on the floating material layer 121 of the outside of this skeleton 120.
More preferably, skeleton 120 is stainless steel tube skeleton, and floating material layer 121 is hard polyurethane foam.
Like this, first can according to the overall sight sculpt of design, determine the structure on combined chinampa, then according to the structure fabrication skeleton 120 on combined chinampa, by skeleton 120 and Connection Card button 123 consolidation, and get out mould, subsequently by brushing releasing agent in mould, skeleton is positioned in mould, prepares, white material needed for pre-treatment polyurethane foam and black material, bring in mould fast after mixing and foam, after the foaming demoulding, namely obtain closed frame.
For preventing the slow release type function matrix in matrix packing layer 20 and high-performance bio affinity carrier from omitting to, in water body, described matrix packing layer 20 is carried in described floating body part 10 by base for supporting.
Specifically, for matrix packing layer 20 being provided good supporting structure, and convenient plantation chinampa plant 30, ensure that chinampa plant 30 can not lodge, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, described base for supporting comprises the mesh sheet 210 being carried in described floating body part 10, and the geotechnical grid 211 being arranged in this mesh sheet 210, and described chinampa plant 30 kinds is planted in the room, chamber that described geotechnical grid 211 surrounds.
Further, for ensureing the structural strength that base for supporting is enough and prevent the loss of matrix packing layer 20 Middle nutrition material simultaneously, as shown in Figure 2, described mesh sheet 210 comprises the metal mesh sheet 2102 being positioned in described floating body part 10 and the plastic deeping 2101 being positioned on this metal mesh sheet 2102. Like this, metal mesh sheet 2102 can ensure structural strength, and plastic deeping 2101 due to aperture less, it is possible to prevent the fixing nutritious matrix of absorption from omitting in water body.
As shown in Figure 3, for ensureing chinampa plant 30 and microbial growth synergy better, this geotechnical grid 211 comprises plantation lattice room 2110 and non-plantation lattice room 2111. That is, chinampa plant 30 is placed on respectively with the function yeast of denitrogenation dephosphorizing in the plantation lattice room 2110 that is connected, bottom and non-plantation lattice room 2111.
For supporting chinampa plant 30 and ensure that the matrix that quartz sand, haydite isodensity are little can not be lost because of blowing and raining, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, described matrix packing layer 20 is also coated with and the plant fixing layer 40 that this floating body part 10 described fixes, such as, fiber crops coconut palm blanket field planting layer, this plant fixing layer 40 is formed with plant fixing cave 41, and described chinampa plant 30 is through described plant fixing cave 41, that is, plantation lattice room 2110 is just arranged by this plant fixing cave 41.
For ensureing the stable of the float position of attached body 10, preventing from drifting about with the wind, the bottom of described floating body part 10 is provided with counterweight block 13.
For the nutritive salt absorbed better and in water of decomposition, between described counterweight block 13 and described floating body part 10, also it is provided with microbial film water purification part. This microbial film water purification part has generally included algae, microorganism and unicellular lower eukaryote etc.
More preferred, described microbial film water purification part comprises carbon fibre bio-carrier 50. Like this, except additional functional type microorganism mentioned above, it is possible to use in water body, existing free microorganism stable growth is on carbon fibre carrier 50, and then a stable ground microbial film water purification part is formed gradually, it is to increase to the decomposition efficiency of nutritive substance.
When assembling the combined chinampa that the utility model provides, it is possible to first metal mesh sheet 2102 is installed on closed frame as supporting structure, then spreads plastic deeping 2101 on metal mesh sheet 2102, hold matrix packing layer 20. Then one layer of geotechnical grid 211 can be put on plastic deeping 2101 upper berth. The immobilized microorganism bacterium agent of the porous enrichment matrix such as active zeolite and the porous-starch system High hydrophilous resin being adsorbed with nitrated, denitrification function bacterium is loaded the string bag, and insert in non-plantation lattice room 2111, plant fixing layer 40 is covered subsequently on matrix packing layer 20, then plant fixing layer 40 band and floating body part 10 can be fixed, insert the bigger haydite of footpath grain by plantation lattice room 2110 subsequently, then insert the mixing field planting soil such as the immobilized matrix, turfy soil and the water-absorbing resin that have plant and a microbial growth promoters. Under combined chinampa before water, being hung on one end of carbon fiber biological carrier 50 on counterweight block 13, the other end band is trapped in floating body part 10.
The utility model is claimed a kind of chinampa system also, and this chinampa system comprises multiple interconnective combined chinampa, and wherein, described combined chinampa is the combined chinampa described in detail above. Like this, by the mutual splicing on multiple combined chinampa, form the chinampa system of a big area, it is to increase cleaning water.
Below preferred implementation of the present utility model is described by reference to the accompanying drawings in detail; but; the detail that the utility model is not limited in above-mentioned enforcement mode; within the scope of technical conceive of the present utility model; the technical solution of the utility model can being carried out multiple simple variant, these simple variant all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.
It should be noted that in addition, each concrete technology feature described in above-mentioned embodiment, when not contradiction, it is possible to combined by any suitable mode, in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, various possible array mode is illustrated by the utility model no longer separately.
In addition, can also carrying out arbitrary combination between various different enforcement mode of the present utility model, as long as it does not run counter to thought of the present utility model, it should be considered as content disclosed in the utility model equally.

Claims (10)

1. a combined chinampa, it is characterized in that, this combined chinampa comprises the floating body part for floating in water body (10), it is carried in this floating body part (10) and there is the matrix packing layer (20) of denitrogenation dephosphorizing function, and the chinampa plant (30) being planted on this matrix packing layer (20), described matrix packing layer (20) is carried in described floating body part (10) by base for supporting, described base for supporting comprises the mesh sheet (210) being carried in described floating body part (10), with the geotechnical grid (211) being arranged in this mesh sheet (210), described chinampa plant (30) is planted in the room, chamber that described geotechnical grid (211) surrounds.
2. combined chinampa according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described floating body part (10) is formed as closed frame, and the inwall of this closed frame is provided with bracing frame (11), and described matrix packing layer (20) is taken attached on this bracing frame (11).
3. combined chinampa according to claim 2, it is characterised in that, described closed frame comprises skeleton (120) and is coated on the floating material layer (121) of the outside of this skeleton (120).
4. combined chinampa according to claim 3, it is characterised in that, described skeleton (120) is stainless steel tube skeleton, and described floating material layer (121) is hard polyurethane foam.
5. combined chinampa according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described mesh sheet (210) comprises the metal mesh sheet (2102) being positioned in described floating body part (10) and the plastic deeping (2101) being positioned on this metal mesh sheet (2102).
6. combined chinampa according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described matrix packing layer (20) is also coated with and the plant fixing layer (40) that described this floating body part (10) fixes, being formed with plant fixing cave (41) on this plant fixing layer (40), described chinampa plant (30) is through described plant fixing cave (41).
7. combined chinampa according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, the bottom of described floating body part (10) is provided with counterweight block (13).
8. combined chinampa according to claim 7, it is characterised in that, also it is provided with microbial film water purification part between described counterweight block (13) and described floating body part (10).
9. combined chinampa according to claim 8, it is characterised in that, described microbial film water purification part comprises carbon fibre bio-carrier (50).
10. a chinampa system, this chinampa system comprises multiple interconnective combined chinampa, it is characterised in that, described combined chinampa is combined chinampa according to any one of claim 1 to 9.
CN201520890648.0U 2015-11-09 2015-11-09 Combined chinampa and chinampa system Active CN205294968U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520890648.0U CN205294968U (en) 2015-11-09 2015-11-09 Combined chinampa and chinampa system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520890648.0U CN205294968U (en) 2015-11-09 2015-11-09 Combined chinampa and chinampa system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205294968U true CN205294968U (en) 2016-06-08

Family

ID=56438430

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520890648.0U Active CN205294968U (en) 2015-11-09 2015-11-09 Combined chinampa and chinampa system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205294968U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107892391A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-10 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 A kind of ecological floating island and its system for landscape reparation
CN108069514A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-05-25 湖北茂源水生态资源开发有限公司 A kind of artificial article floating island
CN108394985A (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-08-14 天津市融泰水务有限公司 A kind of drift system for strengthening water body water correction
CN111635015A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-08 江西省林业科学院 Wetland ecological remediation artificial composite floating island based on foaming pore type microbial purification
CN112715353A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-30 厦门鹏岳市政建设有限公司 Method for cultivating new plant variety

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108394985A (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-08-14 天津市融泰水务有限公司 A kind of drift system for strengthening water body water correction
CN108069514A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-05-25 湖北茂源水生态资源开发有限公司 A kind of artificial article floating island
CN107892391A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-10 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 A kind of ecological floating island and its system for landscape reparation
CN111635015A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-08 江西省林业科学院 Wetland ecological remediation artificial composite floating island based on foaming pore type microbial purification
CN112715353A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-30 厦门鹏岳市政建设有限公司 Method for cultivating new plant variety

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205294968U (en) Combined chinampa and chinampa system
CN103819002B (en) Biomass carbon source release combination type ecological floating bed water purifying device
CN105110476B (en) A kind of three-dimensional for the smelly river water quality strengthened purification of urban black is biological floating bed
CN104671417A (en) Novel combined bio-floating bed
CN103979685B (en) The biological floating bed construction process of a kind of strengthening
CN106630186B (en) Ecological bag and system for agricultural waste mixed immobilized denitrifying bacteria for slope protection
CN109439571A (en) A kind of ammonia nitrogen removal microbial inoculum
CN101428909B (en) Composite artificial ecological floating island and construction method thereof
CN105293703B (en) A kind of multifunctional combination filler for the novel aeration chinampa of eutrophication water in-situ immobilization
CN201029355Y (en) Screen wire plant solution cultivation floating bed
CN108423833A (en) Self-floating ecoscape floating bed and its method of construction
CN109626594A (en) A kind of eutrophication water in-situ repairing device
CN107311312B (en) A kind of micro-pore aeration-biological-ecological floating bed integrated apparatus and its method using device processing black and odorous water
CN204569548U (en) A kind of combination type biological floating bed
CN205710110U (en) The bio-synergistic device that a kind of water processes
CN105923789B (en) A kind of bio-synergistic device of water process
CN107758867A (en) A kind of floating wetland purification system for efficiently removing waters eutrophication pollution
CN105152498B (en) Fish-gill-type oxygen-carrying purification system capable of rotating freely
CN204198496U (en) A kind of aquatic plant cultivation floating bed
CN204417217U (en) A kind of riverway water quality purification artificial aquatic weed
CN209276229U (en) A kind of rural area landscape type ecological canal nitrogen phosphorus intercepting system
CN104150599B (en) The biological floating island that a kind of terrestrial plant and microorganism combine
CN105152341A (en) Self-floating type ecological floating bed capable of being used for water body self-purification
CN205099467U (en) Ecological island of bunch type water purification
CN204529471U (en) The device of purifying water body

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170213

Address after: 100031 Xicheng District City, the revitalization of the door in the street in the street, 26, 28, 7, floor, block 30, F6

Patentee after: ELIONER ECOLOGICAL REMEDIATION CO., LTD.

Address before: 017000 Ordos District, Ordos City, Dongsheng, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region West Street, No. 30

Patentee before: Elion Resource Group Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: ELIONER ECOLOGICAL REMEDIATION CO., LTD.