CN205257158U - Automatic garbage truck and automated machine hand thereof - Google Patents

Automatic garbage truck and automated machine hand thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205257158U
CN205257158U CN201520998859.6U CN201520998859U CN205257158U CN 205257158 U CN205257158 U CN 205257158U CN 201520998859 U CN201520998859 U CN 201520998859U CN 205257158 U CN205257158 U CN 205257158U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bucket
armful
arm
embrace
rotating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520998859.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周聪
张超
黄闯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHENZHEN DONGFENG AUTOMOBILE CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHENZHEN DONGFENG AUTOMOBILE CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by SHENZHEN DONGFENG AUTOMOBILE CO Ltd filed Critical SHENZHEN DONGFENG AUTOMOBILE CO Ltd
Priority to CN201520998859.6U priority Critical patent/CN205257158U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205257158U publication Critical patent/CN205257158U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an automatic garbage truck and automated machine hand thereof. The automated machine hand, including base, turning device, embrace that a barreled is put, power device and electrical system, power device with the electrical system electricity is connected, turning device installs on the base, embrace the barreled and put the installation turning device is last, and it embraces bucket arms including having the embracing a bucket pneumatic cylinder, embrace a bucket connecting rod of push rod, gear train and at least two, embrace the bucket pneumatic cylinder with power device connects, embrace bucket connecting rod one end rotatable with embracing the push rod top of bucket pneumatic cylinder and connecting, its other end sets firmly on the gear train, embrace the bucket arm respectively with the gear train is connected, through it controls to embrace the the stretching out and drawing back of push rod of bucket pneumatic cylinder armful bucket of embracing the bucket arm moves with the pine bucket. The utility model provides an automated machine hand, earlier through embracing the tight garbage bin of bucket alignment clip, rethread turning device overturns and topples over, realize automatic rubbish and receive fortune, greatly reduced the human cost.

Description

Automation garbage truck and automatic mechanical hand thereof
Technical field
The utility model belongs to garbage truck technical field, relates in particular to a kind of automation garbage truck and automation thereofManipulator.
Background technology
At present, most of garbage trucks, in the time carrying out garbage collecting and transferring, at least need the cooperation of three environmental sanitation operating workersComplete toppling over of rubbish, be responsible for operation for one on garbage truck, two other is responsible for carrying and the bucket of dumping rubbish.Because present cost of human resources increases gradually, more and more higher to the requirement of environmental sanitation operating efficiency, existing rubbishReceive mlc mode and increased widely human cost.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of automation garbage truck and automation machine thereofTool hand, is intended to save human cost, realizes automated handling dustbin and dumps rubbish.
The utility model is achieved in that provides a kind of automatic mechanical hand, comprise base, turning device,Embrace barrel, power set and electric-control system, described power set are electrically connected with described electric-control system, instituteState turning device and be arranged on described base, described armful of barrel installed on described turning device, and it comprises toolThere are an armful bucket hydraulic cylinder, an armful bucket connecting rod, gear train and at least two armfuls of barrel arms of push rod, described armful of bucket hydraulic pressureCylinder is connected with described power set, the push rod of the rotating and described armful of bucket hydraulic cylinder in described armful of bucket connecting rod one endTop connects, and its other end is installed on described gear train, and described armful of bucket arm is connected with described gear train respectively,Push rod by described armful of bucket hydraulic cylinder flexible control described embrace bucket arm embrace bucket and the action of pine bucket.
Further, described armful of barrel also comprises at least one group of supplementary structure, and described supplementary structure comprises multiplePosition elastic component, rotating turret and bandage, described rotating turret is rotating to be arranged on described armful of bucket arm, described inOne end of return springs is connected with described armful of bucket arm, and the other end is connected with described rotating turret; Described tying upOne end of band is connected with described armful of bucket arm, and its other end is connected with the other end of described rotating turret, and complies withMake it remain tension by described return springs.
Further, described bandage has tensile force, and by rotating shaft respectively with described armful of bucket arm and described in turnMoving frame is connected.
Further, this base is box-like plate face structure, it comprise two side panels that relatively design is larger,Stenogastry muscle and fixed base plate, described side panel is fixed on described fixed base plate, and described stenogastry muscle is fixing to be connectedConnect described side panel and described fixed base plate.
Further, described side panel is descending streamlined structure from bottom to top.
Further, described turning device comprises flip-arm, guide rail, first connecting rod, has the first push rodThe first hydraulic cylinder and have the second hydraulic cylinder of the second push rod, described first and second hydraulic cylinder is respectively with describedPower set connect, and rotating being arranged on described base, and the top of described the first push rod is rotatingBe connected to one end of described flip-arm, the top of described the second push rod is rotating be connected to described guide rail inPortion, described guide rail one end is rotating to be connected on described base, and the middle part of described flip-arm can by rollerThat slides is connected with described guide rail, the two ends of described first connecting rod respectively rotationally with described base and instituteState flip-arm and be connected, described armful of barrel is arranged on described flip-arm.
Further, described automatic mechanical hand also comprises induction installation, described induction installation and described automatically controlledSystem electrical connection, and be arranged on described embracing on bucket arm.
In order to address the above problem, the utility model also provides a kind of automation garbage truck, and it comprises garbage truckBody and aforementioned automatic mechanical hand, described automatic mechanical hand is arranged on described rubbish car body.
Compared with prior art, automation garbage truck and automatic mechanical hand thereof in the utility model are first logicalCross and embrace barrel clamping dustbin, then overturn and topple over by turning device, realize automation garbage collecting and transferring,Greatly reduce human cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic side view of the garbage truck automatic mechanical hand that provides of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is schematic diagram when automatic mechanical hand captures dustbin in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram overturning while toppling over after the crawl dustbin of automatic mechanical hand in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structure schematic top plan view of embracing barrel in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is structure schematic top plan view when armful barrel is embraced dustbin in Fig. 4.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawingAnd embodiment, the utility model is further elaborated. Should be appreciated that described herein concreteEmbodiment is only in order to explain the utility model, and is not used in restriction the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of automation garbage truck provided by the utility model, comprises rubbish car body (figureIn not shown) and automatic mechanical hand, automatic mechanical hand is arranged on rubbish car body.
Automatic mechanical hand comprises base 10, turning device 20, embraces barrel 30, power set (in figure notIllustrate) and electric-control system (not shown). Power set are electrically connected with electric-control system, turning device20 are arranged on base 10, embrace barrel 30 and install on turning device 20.
In the present embodiment, base 10 is box-like plate face structure, and it comprises two larger sides of design relativelyPlate 11, stenogastry muscle (not shown) and fixed base plate 12. Side panel 11 is served as reasons from bottom to topLarge to little streamlined structure, and be fixed on fixed base plate 12. Stenogastry muscle is fixedly connected with side panel 11 HesFixed base plate 12, plays the effect of strengthening the stability between side panel 11 and fixed base plate 12.
Turning device 20 comprises flip-arm 21, guide rail 22, first connecting rod 23, has the first push rod (in figureNot shown) the first hydraulic cylinder 24 and there is the second hydraulic cylinder 25 of the second push rod (not shown).First and second hydraulic cylinder 24,25 is connected with power set respectively, and rotating being arranged on side panel 11.Rotating one end that is connected to flip-arm 21, top of the first push rod, the rotating company in top of the second push rodBe connected on the middle part of guide rail 22, guide rail 22 one end are rotating to be connected on side panel 11, flip-arm 21Middle part is slidably connected with guide rail 22 by roller. The two ends of first connecting rod 23 are rotatable and side respectivelyPanel 11 is connected with flip-arm 21, embraces barrel 30 and is arranged on flip-arm 21. In the present embodiment,Side panel 11, first connecting rod 23, guide rail 22 and flip-arm 21 form quadric chain realize upset andThe action such as topple over, the rotating middle part that is connected to flip-arm 21 of guide rail 22, makes flip-arm 21 along intrinsicDirection motion. The above-mentioned preferred pivot pin that is rotatably connected connects.
As shown in Figure 2, embrace when barrel 30 when needs stretch out, control the second hydraulic cylinder 25 and stretch out second and pushes awayBar, makes guide rail 22 and first connecting rod 23 and the first hydraulic cylinder 24 be rotated counterclockwise around pivot pin, and then makes to turn overPivoted arm 21 and the mounted thereto relative base 10 of barrel 30 of embracing stretch out; Otherwise, by controlling secondHydraulic cylinder 25 is regained the second push rod, makes to embrace the relative base 10 of barrel 30 and regains. Can adjust like this and embrace barreledPut 30 relative positions with respect to dustbin 40, make to embrace that barrel 30 can be stable holds dustbin 40 tightly.
As shown in Figure 3, dump rubbish bucket 40 time when needs, control the first hydraulic cylinder 24 and stretch out the first push rod,First connecting rod 23 is rotated counterclockwise, and the roller on flip-arm 21 slides on guide rail 22, makes flip-arm 21And mounted thereto embrace the realization of upwards overturning of the relative base 10 of barrel 30 and topple over action. Otherwise, controlMake the first hydraulic cylinder 24 and shrink the first push rod, make flip-arm 21 and mounted thereto embrace barrel 30 toLower rotation, then decontrols dustbin 40, completes the action of toppling over of rubbish.
As shown in Figure 4, embrace barrel 30 comprise have push rod embrace bucket a hydraulic cylinder 31, embrace bucket a connecting rod 32,Gear train 33 and at least two armfuls of bucket arms 34, embracing in the present embodiment barrel arm 34 has two, certainly can lead toCross suitable improvement the more bucket arm 34 of embracing is installed. Embrace bucket hydraulic cylinder 31 and be connected with power set, embrace bucket connecting rod32 one end are rotating to be connected with push rod top, and its other end is installed on gear train 33, embraces 34 points, bucket armBe not connected with gear train 33, move with loose bucket by the flexible armful bucket of controlling armful bucket arm 34 of push rod.
Embrace barrel 30 and also comprise at least one group of supplementary structure 35, in the present embodiment, each embraces bucket arm 34On be all provided with supplementary structure 35, the quantity of this supplementary structure 35 can according to embrace bucket arm 30 quantity determine.Supplementary structure 35 comprises return springs 351, rotating turret 352 and bandage 353. Rotating turret 352 can turnMoving being arranged on embraced on bucket arm 34, and one end of return springs 351 is connected with an armful bucket arm 34, the other endBe connected with rotating turret 352. One end of bandage 353 is connected with an armful bucket arm 34, its other end and rotating turret352 the other end is connected, and relies on return springs 351 to make it remain tension. In this enforcementIn example, bandage 353 has certain tensile force, and by rotating shaft respectively with embrace bucket arm 34 and a rotating turret 352Be connected.
Automatic mechanical hand also comprises induction installation (not shown), and induction installation and electric-control system are electrically connectedConnect, and be arranged on armful bucket arm 34, for detection of the distance of embracing between bucket arm 34 and dustbin 40. Work as senseShould sense that dustbin 40 is in the time of the position that is applicable to holding tightly by device, embrace a bucket hydraulic cylinder 31 by control and stretch out and push awayBar 311, then coordinate transmission by embracing bucket connecting rod 32 with gear train 33, two armfuls of bucket arms 34 are closed up. WhenWhen two armfuls of bucket arms 34 close up, bandage 353 is squeezed, and has greatly increased rubbing between dustbin 40Wiping power, makes to embrace that bucket arm 34 can be stable holds dustbin 40 tightly, and is conducive to turning device 20 to dustbin40 overturn and topple over, as shown in Figure 5.
When being finished down after rubbish, to embrace a bucket arm 34 and unclamp dustbin 40, bandage 353 is subject to return springs 351Pulling force, restores to the original state rotating turret 352 bandages 353.
Compared with prior art, automation garbage truck automaticity of the present utility model is high, can be by a peopleComplete vehicle drive and garbage collecting and transferring work, greatly reduce cost of labor. In garbage collecting and transferring process,Operator, without the operation of getting off, just can complete all operations in driver's cabin, has increased greatly environmental sanitation workIndustry workman's security, and a cycle operation time is short, has improved greatly operating efficiency.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit the utility model,All any amendments of doing within spirit of the present utility model and principle, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., all shouldWithin being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. an automatic mechanical hand, is characterized in that, comprises base, turning device, embraces barrel, movesPower apparatus and electric-control system, described power set are electrically connected with described electric-control system, described turning device peaceBe contained on described base, described armful of barrel installed on described turning device, and it comprises the bucket of embracing with push rodHydraulic cylinder, an armful bucket connecting rod, gear train and at least two armfuls of bucket arms, described armful of bucket hydraulic cylinder and described powerDevice connects, and push rod top rotating and described armful of bucket hydraulic cylinder, described armful of bucket connecting rod one end is connected, itsThe other end is installed on described gear train, and described armful of bucket arm is connected with described gear train respectively, by described armfulThe flexible armful bucket of controlling described armful of bucket arm of the push rod of bucket hydraulic cylinder moves with loose bucket.
2. automatic mechanical hand as described in claim 1, is characterized in that, described armful of barrel also wrapsDraw together at least one group of supplementary structure, described supplementary structure comprises return springs, rotating turret and bandage, described inRotating described embracing on bucket arm, the one end of described return springs and described armful of bucket arm phase of being arranged on of rotating turretConnect, the other end is connected with described rotating turret; One end of described bandage is connected with described armful of bucket arm, itsThe other end is connected with the other end of described rotating turret, and relies on described return springs that it is remained to drawTight state.
3. automatic mechanical hand as described in claim 2, is characterized in that, described bandage has tensioningPower, and be connected with described rotating turret with described armful of bucket arm respectively by rotating shaft.
4. automatic mechanical hand as described in claim 1, is characterized in that, this base is box-like plate faceStructure, it comprises two larger side panel, stenogastry muscle and fixed base plates of design relatively, described side panelBe fixed on described fixed base plate, described stenogastry muscle is fixedly connected with described side panel and described fixed base plate.
5. automatic mechanical hand as described in claim 4, is characterized in that, described side panel is from bottomIt is descending streamlined structure to top.
6. automatic mechanical hand as described in claim 1, is characterized in that, described turning device comprisesFlip-arm, guide rail, first connecting rod, there is the first hydraulic cylinder of the first push rod and there is of the second push rodTwo hydraulic cylinders, described first and second hydraulic cylinder is connected with described power set respectively, and rotating being arranged onOn described base, rotating one end that is connected to described flip-arm, the top of described the first push rod, describedThe rotating middle part that is connected to described guide rail, top of two push rods, rotating being connected in described guide rail one endOn described base, the middle part of described flip-arm is slidably connected with described guide rail by roller, and describedThe two ends of one connecting rod are connected with described flip-arm with described base respectively rotationally, described armful of barrel peaceBe contained on described flip-arm.
7. automatic mechanical hand as described in claim 1, is characterized in that described automatic mechanical handAlso comprise induction installation, described induction installation is electrically connected with described electric-control system, and is arranged on the described bucket arm of embracingOn.
8. an automation garbage truck, comprises rubbish car body, it is characterized in that: described garbage truck also comprise asAutomatic mechanical hand in claim 1-7 described in any one, described automatic mechanical hand is arranged on described rubbishOn rubbish car body.
CN201520998859.6U 2015-12-04 2015-12-04 Automatic garbage truck and automated machine hand thereof Expired - Fee Related CN205257158U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520998859.6U CN205257158U (en) 2015-12-04 2015-12-04 Automatic garbage truck and automated machine hand thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520998859.6U CN205257158U (en) 2015-12-04 2015-12-04 Automatic garbage truck and automated machine hand thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205257158U true CN205257158U (en) 2016-05-25

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112551011A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-26 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Dustbin loading attachment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112551011A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-26 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Dustbin loading attachment

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160525

Termination date: 20191204

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee