CN201901439U - Clamping assembly and disassembly machine - Google Patents

Clamping assembly and disassembly machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201901439U
CN201901439U CN2010206720272U CN201020672027U CN201901439U CN 201901439 U CN201901439 U CN 201901439U CN 2010206720272 U CN2010206720272 U CN 2010206720272U CN 201020672027 U CN201020672027 U CN 201020672027U CN 201901439 U CN201901439 U CN 201901439U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
links
frame
comprises
clamping
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010206720272U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高建亮
普元成
高柱平
周铭
钱肇隽
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昆明船舶设备集团有限公司
上海烟草集团有限责任公司
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Application filed by 昆明船舶设备集团有限公司, 上海烟草集团有限责任公司 filed Critical 昆明船舶设备集团有限公司
Priority to CN2010206720272U priority Critical patent/CN201901439U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201901439U publication Critical patent/CN201901439U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a clamping assembly and disassembly machine, which comprises a machine rack, a lifting mechanism and a clamping mechanism, wherein the lifting mechanism and the clamping mechanism are respectively arranged on the machine rack, and the lifting mechanism comprises a motor; the motor is connected with the clamping mechanism through a chain, and the clamping mechanism comprises a mounting seat, a left clamping arm, a right clamping arm and a first cylinder; the mounting seat is fixed on the machine rack, and guide rails are arranged on the mounting seat; the left and right clamping arms are arranged on the guide rails, and the left clamping arm is connected with the left end of the first cylinder; and the right clamping arm is connected with the right end of the first cylinder. The clamping assembly and disassembly machine also comprises two groups of alignment mechanisms which are arranged at the two sides of the machine rack and align the front and back of cigarette packets. The clamping assembly and disassembly machine has the advantages that the structure is simple, the alignment and lifting of the cigarette packets are achieved, the assembly and disassembly of the cigarette packets and pallets are completed, and the manpower and material resources are saved.

Description

Folder obvolvent extension set

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of material of realizing and separates the equipment of (merging), particularly a kind of folder obvolvent extension set that is used for tobacco bale and pallet component with pallet on the automatic material flow line.

Background technology

The conveying of worker's carton tobacco bale and storage generally need to cooperate pallet to use in the automatic material flow system of cigar mill at present, therefore need make up and split in use.In present stage, generally adopt the manual operation folder to embrace fork truck and make up and fractionation work, during the group dish operator's operant level is had relatively high expectations out of reach accuracy requirement sometimes, influence warehouse-in precision; Efficient is too low simultaneously, can't realize modern logistics requirement efficiently.

The utility model notification number is the Clamping ﹠ holding elevator of CN2509137Y, comprise base, door frame, raising legs, clamping device, electrical controller, door frame is fixed on the base, its lifting, clamping process all adopt hydraulic control system control, hydraulic control device is made up of elevating ram, clamping oil cylinder, raising legs is installed on the door frame, is connected with door frame by the track adjusting wheel on the adapter plate that is loaded on raising legs, makes its energy up-and-down movement.The utility model realizes that just the clamping material separates with the combination of pallet, and this Clamping ﹠ holding elevator complex structure, and can not realize automatically on to the centering of tobacco bale.

And existing Shanghai Cigarette Factory throwing workshop uses the ABB robot to finish the combination and the mask work of tobacco bale and pallet.Concrete action is: the ABB manipulator was positioned over tobacco bale on the pallet after empty pallet arrived assigned address, and photocell detection conveyer behind the corresponding signal starts, and tobacco bale and tray combination are finished.Though this method efficient is higher, there are the following problems:

1, this method is comparatively strict to the dimensional characteristic of carton, can not be actually used in the operating mode of the excessive carton of distortion,

2, robot device's cost is comparatively expensive, is unfavorable for promoting the use of.

The utility model content

Problem to be solved in the utility model provides the folder obvolvent extension set of materials such as automatic centering of a kind of energy and clamping tobacco bale, solves the above-mentioned problems in the prior art.

A kind of folder obvolvent extension set of the present utility model comprises frame, lifting mechanism and clamping device, and lifting mechanism and clamping device are installed in respectively on the frame, and lifting mechanism comprises motor, and motor links to each other with described clamping device by chain; Clamping device comprises mount pad, left clamping limb, right clamping limb and first cylinder, mount pad is fixed on the frame, and mount pad is provided with guide rail, and left and right clamping limb is located on the guide rail, left side clamping limb links to each other with the left end of first cylinder, and right clamping limb links to each other with the right-hand member of first cylinder; Also comprise the two groups of centering bodies that make tobacco bale front and back centering that are located at the frame both sides.

Centering body described in the utility model comprises the brace and connecting rod framework and second cylinder, piston crank mechanism comprises back toggle link, connecting rod, swivel arm, connecting rod and the front link that links to each other successively, and front link links to each other with described frame by bearing pin respectively with the back toggle link, swivel arm links to each other with described frame, front link links to each other with second cylinder, the end of back toggle link is provided with testing agency, and the front link of two groups of centering bodies links to each other by roller.

The utility model also comprises the pallet detent mechanism, is located on the frame.

The utility model also comprises a plurality of safe limit switches, is located at respectively on the frame, is positioned at the maximum distance apart that clamping device rises and descends.

Clamping device described in the utility model also comprises bar linkage structure, is located on the mount pad, and described left clamping limb links to each other with the described first cylinder left end by an end of connecting rod mechanism, and described right clamping limb links to each other with described second cylinder by the other end of connecting rod mechanism.

The top of frame described in the utility model is provided with the maintenance guardrail.

By above technical scheme, folder obvolvent extension set of the present utility model overcomes the shortcoming that traditional manually-operated precision is low, efficient is low and the hydraulic pressure folder is embraced the machine poor efficiency, polluted greatly, can only tear dish open; Realize joint transfer robot high precision, high-efficiency characteristics simultaneously, and bring into play that it is relatively inexpensive, the advantage of easy care.Traditional relatively manual operation of the utility model and joint transfer robot mainly contain: 1, manual operation has improved group dish work efficiency relatively, has improved group dish precision.

2, the joint transfer robot simplifies the structure relatively, has reduced equipment cost and maintenance cost.

3, reduced working strength of workers to greatest extent, improved the hygienic conditions in workshop, finished the group dish from extensive manual operations to automation, intelligentized transformation.

Description of drawings

The concrete structure figure of Fig. 1 the utility model folder obvolvent extension set.

The lateral plan of Fig. 2 the utility model folder obvolvent extension set.

The concrete structure figure of Fig. 3 the utility model clamping device.

The concrete structure figure of Fig. 4 centering body described in the utility model.

The concrete connection diagram of two groups of centering structures of Fig. 5 the utility model.

Among the figure, 1, the maintenance guardrail; 2, frame; 3, lifting mechanism; 4, left clamping limb; 5, right clamping limb;

6, the first cylinders; 7, safe stop gear; 8, centering body; 9,9a, second cylinder; 10, the pallet detent mechanism;

11, guide rail; 12, mount pad; 13, connecting rod mechanism; 14, swivel arm; 15, connecting rod; 16,16a, front link;

17, testing agency; 18, connecting rod; 19, roller; 20,21, bearing pin; 22,22a, back toggle link.

The specific embodiment

As shown in Figures 1 and 2, comprise frame 2, frame 2 is provided with lifting mechanism 3, clamping device and makes two groups of centering bodies 8 of tobacco bale front and back centering, lifting mechanism 3 links to each other with clamping device, lifting mechanism 3 comprises motor, and motor links to each other with clamping device by chain, drives the clamping device up-and-down movement.The top of frame 2 is provided with maintenance guardrail 1, strengthens maintainer's personal safety when being convenient to keep in repair.

As shown in Figure 3, clamping device comprises mount pad 12, left side clamping limb 4, the right clamping limb 5 and first cylinder 6, mount pad 12 is fixed on the frame 2, mount pad 12 is provided with guide rail 11 and connecting rod mechanism 13, one end of left side clamping limb 4 and an end of right clamping limb 5 are located at respectively on the guide rail 11, a left side, right clamping limb is set in parallel in the two ends of first cylinder 6, left side clamping limb 4 links to each other with the first cylinder left end by the left end of connecting rod mechanism, right clamping limb 5 links to each other with the first cylinder right-hand member by the right-hand member of bar linkage structure, first cylinder 6 drives a left side, right clamping limb 4, the distance between the clamping limb of the left and right sides is controlled in 5 motions, and connecting rod mechanism 13 is guaranteed a left side, the centering of right clamping limb.

As Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, two groups of centering bodies 8 are located at the both sides of frame 2, it comprises the brace and connecting rod framework and second cylinder 9, brace and connecting rod framework is specially back toggle link 22, connecting rod 18, swivel arm 14, connecting rod 15, front link 16 links to each other successively, and front link 16 passes through bearing pin 21 respectively with back toggle link 22,20 link to each other with frame 2, swivel arm 14 links to each other with frame, front link 16 links to each other with second cylinder 9, second cylinder 9 can drive whole brace and connecting rod framework motion, and the back toggle link 13 the end be provided with testing agency 17, this testing agency 17 is an opto-electronic pickup, can accept and send photosignal, and the front link 16 of two groups of centering bodies links to each other by roller 19.

As shown in Figure 4, before the tobacco bale conveying puts in place, the second cylinder 9a drives front link 16 and down moves, move downward and drive back toggle link 22 by the drive brace and connecting rod framework, make 22 one-tenth clamp position of front link 16 and back toggle link, as the 16a among Fig. 4, the 22a state, when the tobacco bale conveying comes to run into roller 19, stressed drive front link 16 upward movements of roller, drive back toggle link motion successively, when the testing agency 17 of toggle link end, back detected the other side's signal mutually, then tobacco bale was in the position of center line of travel line, send signal this moment travel line transportation is stopped, as among Fig. 4 16,22 states.Clamping device moves downward under the driving of lifting mechanism and the clamping tobacco bale, and clamping device itself also has the bar linkage structure 13 that makes left and right clamping limb centering, makes tobacco bale also centering on left and right directions by left and right clamping limb clamping.Therefore, realize the centering of tobacco bale by centering body and clamping device with respect to the lane of traffic all directions.

On the maximum distance apart frame that left and right clamping limb rises and descends, be provided with safe stop gear 7, detect clamping limb by this safe stop gear 7 and whether be in safe work state.On frame 2, also be provided with pallet detent mechanism 10, determine the location of pallet in a certain direction by pallet detent mechanism 10.

This folder obvolvent extension set is a kind of equipment that material is separated or makes up with pallet.This equipment realizes separating of carton tobacco bale and pallet by clamping device, lifting mechanism or makes up, and conveying respectively or the tobacco bale solid tray of finishing carton tobacco bale and empty pallet under the operation of relevant device are carried.

The utility model selects for use the SEW variable frequency reducer motor for promoting power, and it is power that centering is adopted pressurized air, and device uses the FESTO product, and control system is used German SIMENZ product, guarantees that machine is reliable and stable; Mix synchronous centering body and clamping limb, lifting mechanism, can gripping promote tobacco bale, cooperate corresponding load transfer device to realize the automatic centering combination of carton tobacco bale and pallet and separate, finish the combination of tobacco bale solid tray ground, or solid tray is split as carton tobacco bale and empty pallet, and realizes that each material carries respectively.

The method of clamping of the utility model clamping device is parallel folder, finishes the clamping and the release of carton tobacco bale by the flexible distance of adjusting left and right clamping limb of the cylinder rod of first cylinder; By lifting mechanism with tobacco bale mention with descend to realize with the combination of pallet with separate; The centering of front and back adopts piston crank mechanism to realize being synchronized with the movement, front end promotes roller by material, drive crank rod movement, the detection means of rear end is sent signal after material centering, conveying stops, and realizes the front and back centering of tobacco bale, is a kind of centering mode of flexibility, damage to smoke box is less, can repeat repeated use.

Claims (6)

1. a folder obvolvent extension set comprises frame (2), lifting mechanism (3) and clamping device, and lifting mechanism and clamping device are installed in respectively on the frame (2), and lifting mechanism (3) comprises motor, and motor links to each other with described clamping device by chain; It is characterized in that, clamping device comprises mount pad (12), left clamping limb (4), right clamping limb (5) and first cylinder (6), mount pad (12) is fixed on the frame (2), mount pad (12) is provided with guide rail (11), left and right clamping limb is located on the guide rail, left side clamping limb links to each other with the left end of first cylinder (6), and right clamping limb links to each other with the right-hand member of first cylinder; Also comprise the two groups of centering bodies (8) that make tobacco bale front and back centering that are located at the frame both sides.
2. folder obvolvent extension set according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described centering body (8) comprises brace and connecting rod framework and second cylinder (9), piston crank mechanism comprises the back toggle link (22) that links to each other successively, connecting rod (18), swivel arm (14), connecting rod (15) and front link (16), and front link (16) and back toggle link (22) are respectively by bearing pin (21), (20) link to each other with described frame (2), swivel arm (14) links to each other with described frame (2), front link (16) links to each other with second cylinder (9), the end of back toggle link (13) is provided with testing agency (17), and the front link of two groups of centering bodies links to each other by roller (19).
3. folder obvolvent extension set according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises pallet detent mechanism (10), is located on the frame (2).
4. folder obvolvent extension set according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises a plurality of safe limit switches (7), is located at respectively on the frame (2), is positioned at the maximum distance apart that clamping device rises and descends.
5. folder obvolvent extension set according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described clamping device also comprises bar linkage structure (13), be located on the mount pad (12), described left clamping limb (4) links to each other with the described first cylinder left end by an end of connecting rod mechanism (13), and described right clamping limb (5) links to each other with described second cylinder by the other end of connecting rod mechanism.
6. clip pack according to claim 1 is closed extension set, it is characterized in that, the top of described frame (2) is provided with maintenance guardrail (1).
CN2010206720272U 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 Clamping assembly and disassembly machine CN201901439U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206720272U CN201901439U (en) 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 Clamping assembly and disassembly machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206720272U CN201901439U (en) 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 Clamping assembly and disassembly machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201901439U true CN201901439U (en) 2011-07-20

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102490182A (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-06-13 上海烟草集团有限责任公司 Center positioning structure of robot clamp arm
CN102976096A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-03-20 江苏海狮机械集团有限公司 Scattering device of linen
CN103213852A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-07-24 云南众诚士德柔性自动化设备有限公司 Multi-functional mechanical grabbing and transporting device capable of unstacking and overturning automatically
CN103786041A (en) * 2012-10-31 2014-05-14 苏州久工自动化科技有限公司 Parallel gripper
CN104493824A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-08 上海烟草集团有限责任公司 Pack detection and pick-up point adjustment system and method
CN104528371A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-22 芜湖银星汽车零部件有限公司 Special clamping drawing device for dismounting
CN104609237A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-05-13 中原工学院 Plate loader with multi-link mechanism
CN105398777A (en) * 2014-09-01 2016-03-16 德阳市利通印刷机械有限公司 Intelligent clamping-conveying mechanism

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102490182A (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-06-13 上海烟草集团有限责任公司 Center positioning structure of robot clamp arm
CN102490182B (en) * 2011-11-25 2014-12-24 上海烟草集团有限责任公司 Center positioning structure of robot clamp arm
CN103786041A (en) * 2012-10-31 2014-05-14 苏州久工自动化科技有限公司 Parallel gripper
CN102976096A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-03-20 江苏海狮机械集团有限公司 Scattering device of linen
CN103213852A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-07-24 云南众诚士德柔性自动化设备有限公司 Multi-functional mechanical grabbing and transporting device capable of unstacking and overturning automatically
CN103213852B (en) * 2013-04-25 2015-06-24 云南众诚士德柔性自动化设备有限公司 Multi-functional mechanical grabbing and transporting device capable of unstacking and overturning automatically
CN105398777A (en) * 2014-09-01 2016-03-16 德阳市利通印刷机械有限公司 Intelligent clamping-conveying mechanism
CN104493824A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-08 上海烟草集团有限责任公司 Pack detection and pick-up point adjustment system and method
CN104493824B (en) * 2014-11-27 2016-08-24 上海烟草集团有限责任公司 Tobacco bale detection and the method adjusting gripping point
CN104528371A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-22 芜湖银星汽车零部件有限公司 Special clamping drawing device for dismounting
CN104609237A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-05-13 中原工学院 Plate loader with multi-link mechanism
CN104609237B (en) * 2014-12-10 2017-05-31 中原工学院 Multi-connecting-rod mechanism loader

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