CN205106317U - Green walnut dehulling machine - Google Patents

Green walnut dehulling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205106317U
CN205106317U CN201520899514.5U CN201520899514U CN205106317U CN 205106317 U CN205106317 U CN 205106317U CN 201520899514 U CN201520899514 U CN 201520899514U CN 205106317 U CN205106317 U CN 205106317U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
decortication
brush
groove
walnut
blue
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520899514.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄雄
肖千文
何倩倩
蒲光兰
朱鹏
张丽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Sichuan Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Agricultural University filed Critical Sichuan Agricultural University
Priority to CN201520899514.5U priority Critical patent/CN205106317U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205106317U publication Critical patent/CN205106317U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a green walnut dehulling machine, including the roof with set up the stand in the roof bottom, be provided with the desquamation groove in the below of roof, it has the brush of desquamation to equally divide cloth on a pair of lateral wall in desquamation groove, during the brush hair of the brush of peeling stretches into the desquamation groove, and crisscross setting of desquamation brush on two lateral walls, desquamation brush on each lateral wall all rotates through desquamation motor drive. The utility model discloses a blue or green epidermis of walnut can be riped rapidly more to the brush structures of peeling to get rid of the blue or green crust of walnut totally gradually under the rotation effect of brush that peels, hulling efficiency is high, integrated form structural design after whole processing of machine, can obtain clean core, and it is very convenient to use, simple structure, convenient operation, the principle structure is clear, the easy access.

Description

A kind of blue or green walnut shelling machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of walnut process equipment, is specifically related to a kind of blue or green walnut shelling machine.
Background technology
At its appearance still coated viridescent pericarp after walnut maturation, and pericarp is thicker, comparatively tight with fruit stone adhesion, is difficult to remove.As directly broken, the pericarp of cyan will mix with fruit stone, pulp, not only be difficult to choose kernel, and after being infected with the juice in pericarp on hand, be difficult to for a long time wash off.
In order to ensure the sales value of walnut, retailers sell after generally being removed by the blue or green crust of walnut again.Method market being removed Cortex walnut conventional has two kinds, and one directly carves with cutter to open pericarp, then reamed along fruit stone outside by pericarp; This method inefficiency, compares effort, and there is certain risk; Another kind method is medication water soaking or is sprayed on Exocarpium Juglandis Immaturus surface, peels after accelerating the ripening again, but this method is easily infected with liquid on fruit stone, to the healthy generation harm of eater.
Have some in prior art for removing the machinery of the blue or green crust of walnut, but these mechanical common configuration are complicated, are inconvenient to use; And the fruit stone of walnut is hard, Chang Rongyi is stuck in machinery, causes the fault of machinery, inconvenient maintenance.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the utility model object is, provides a kind of blue or green walnut shelling machine, can realize the removal quickly and efficiently of Exocarpium Juglandis Immaturus, and structure is simple simultaneously, maintenance is convenient.
In order to realize above-mentioned task, the utility model by the following technical solutions:
A kind of blue or green walnut shelling machine, comprise top board and be arranged on the column bottom top board, the below of top board is provided with decortication groove, the pair of sidewalls of decortication groove is distributed with decortication brush, the bristle of decortication brush extend in decortication groove, and the decortication brush on two sidewalls is crisscross arranged; Decortication brush on each sidewall is all by decortication motor-driven rotation.
Further, the base plate of described decortication groove is movable structure, and the handle by bottom panel side realizes the pull of base plate.
Further, the below of described decortication groove is provided with rinse bath, and bottom of rinse bath is provided with paddle, and paddle is driven by the cleaning motor of bottom of rinse bath; The sidewall of rinse bath is provided with discharge door, above rinse bath, is connected to water pipe.
Further, the top of described top board is provided with loading hopper, and the top board in loading hopper offers blanking hole.
Further, the brush holder of described decortication brush is provided with belt grooves, the decortication brush on each sidewall of decortication groove distributes point-blank, by a belt by motor-driven rotation of peeling.
Further, the rotation direction of the decortication brush that two sidewalls of described decortication groove distribute is contrary.
Further, the below of described discharge door is provided with screen cloth.
The utility model has following technical characterstic:
1. adopt brush configuration of peeling more, can scratch rapidly the blue or green epidermis of walnut, and remove clean by blue or green for walnut crust gradually under the turning effort of decortication brush, decortication efficiency is high;
2. integrated structure design, after the disposed of in its entirety of machine, can obtain clean fruit stone, very easy to use;
3. structure is simple, easy to operate, and theory structure is clear, easy access.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of decortication slot part;
Number in the figure represents: 1-loading hopper, 2-top board, 3-column, and 4-peels motor, 5-belt, 6-base plate, 7-discharge door, 8-cleans motor, 9-paddle, 10-rinse bath, 11-water pipe, 12-handle, 13-peels brush, and 14-peels groove, 15-blanking hole, 16-belt grooves, 17-bristle.
Detailed description of the invention
Because the rascal of walnut is comparatively hard, and the fruit stone of walnut is irregular circle, as the mode by cutting is removed the peel, knife face due to cutting knife is flat, then walnut always has the place that cutting knife is difficult to be cut to, make that the walnut after process still exists residual rascal, therefore adopt the mode of cutting not remove the peel well.The thinking of this programme is, utilizes hard decortication brush 13, adopts the way of washing away at a high speed walnut surface, destroys and take away epidermal structure, to realize the removal completely of walnut epidermis to the rascal on walnut surface.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of blue or green walnut shelling machine, the column 3 comprising top board 2 and be arranged on bottom top board 2, decortication groove 14 is provided with in the below of top board 2, the pair of sidewalls of decortication groove 14 is distributed with decortication brush 13, the bristle 17 of decortication brush 13 extend in decortication groove 14, and the decortication brush 13 on two sidewalls is crisscross arranged; Decortication brush 13 on each sidewall is all driven by decortication motor 4 and rotates.
The overall structure of this programme comprises a frame be made up of column 3 and top board 2, and the below of machine frame inside top board 2 is provided with decortication groove 14.The two ends of decortication groove 14 are fixedly installed on column 3, and (longer pair of sidewalls) is provided with decortication brush 13 on two sidewalls of decortication groove 14.Decortication brush 13 adopts steel brush, and its bristle 17 is firm and have elasticity.As shown in Figure 2, for decortication brush 13 schematic diagram is set.The decortication brush 13 of both sides is crisscross arranged, and a decortication brush 13 namely on opposite side wall points between two, this side decortication brush 13, and the spacing of peeling between brush 13 is less.Poured into by walnut after in decortication groove 14, start motor, decortication brush 13 starts to rotate.Because between decortication brush 13, gap is less, therefore in the continuous rolling process of walnut, Cortex walnut can constantly be brushed off by decortication brush 13, through obtaining the walnut of fruit stone surface clean after a period of time.
In order to drive decortication brush 13 to rotate more easily, as shown in Figure 2, the brush holder of decortication brush 13 is provided with belt grooves 16, the decortication brush 13 on each sidewall of decortication groove 14 distributes point-blank, drives rotation by a belt 5 by decortication motor 4.Namely only needing respectively to arrange a decortication motor 4 in two side wall ends of rinse bath 10 can drive the decortication brush 13 of whole row to rotate.In addition, in order to ensure exfoliant effect, walnut will be made constantly to roll in decortication groove 14, rotate to contact with the bristle 17 of decortication brush 13.Peel in this programme for this reason groove 14 two sidewalls on the rotation direction of decortication brush 13 that distributes contrary, walnut can be made to rotate disorderly in groove, roll, improve decortication efficiency.
The top of top board 2 is provided with loading hopper 1, and the top board 2 in loading hopper 1 offers blanking hole 15, only needs to be poured into by walnut in loading hopper 1 during process walnut, and walnut will be dropped in decortication groove 14 by blanking hole 15.
In order to make walnut subsequent treatment convenient, the base plate 6 of groove 14 of peeling in this programme is movable structure, and the handle 12 by base plate 6 side realizes the pull of base plate 6.
The object that the base plate 6 of decortication groove 14 is arranged to movable structure, after walnut processes, pulls off base plate 6, walnut and the pericarp entirety removed can be made to fall, be convenient to follow-up Screening Treatment.
After the peeling of above-mentioned walnut, the surface of walnut fruit stone still can remain sub-fraction pericarp.Therefore the cleaning structure after peeling is provided with in this programme further, as shown in Figure 1:
The below of decortication groove 14 is provided with rinse bath 10, and be provided with paddle 9 bottom rinse bath 10, paddle 9 is driven by the cleaning motor 8 bottom rinse bath 10; The sidewall of rinse bath 10 is provided with discharge door 7, above rinse bath 10, is connected to water pipe 11.
The two ends of decortication groove 14 are also fixed on column 3, and when after the base plate 6 of transferring decortication groove 14, the walnut after decortication drops in rinse bath 10 simultaneously together with the rascal taken off.Now open the water pipe 11 connect above rinse bath 10, utilize water to carry out flush clean to walnut.In rinse bath 10, be also provided with paddle 9, walnut is stirred in rinse bath 10, phase mutual friction between walnut, fruit stone residual on walnut epidermis will be made to come off.After flushing is after a while stirred, open discharge door 7, walnut is together fallen together with mixed arillate flushing liquor, the walnut after peeling can be filtered out easily.
The below of discharge door 7 is provided with screen cloth, and walnut will be stayed on screen cloth, and flushing liquor and pericarp will fall along mesh, achieve the screening of walnut.

Claims (7)

1. a blue or green walnut shelling machine, comprise top board (2) and be arranged on the column (3) bottom top board (2), it is characterized in that, the below of described top board (2) is provided with decortication groove (14), the pair of sidewalls of decortication groove (14) is distributed with decortication brush (13), the bristle (17) of decortication brush (13) extend in decortication groove (14), and the decortication brush (13) on two sidewalls is crisscross arranged; Decortication brush (13) on each sidewall is all driven by decortication motor (4) and rotates.
2. blue or green walnut shelling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the base plate (6) of described decortication groove (14) is movable structure, is realized the pull of base plate (6) by the handle (12) of base plate (6) side.
3. blue or green walnut shelling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the below of described decortication groove (14) is provided with rinse bath (10), rinse bath (10) bottom is provided with paddle (9), and paddle (9) is driven by the cleaning motor (8) of rinse bath (10) bottom; The sidewall of rinse bath (10) is provided with discharge door (7), and rinse bath (10) top is connected to water pipe (11).
4. blue or green walnut shelling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the top of described top board (2) is provided with loading hopper (1), and the top board (2) in loading hopper (1) offers blanking hole (15).
5. blue or green walnut shelling machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the brush holder of described decortication brush (13) is provided with belt grooves (16), decortication brush (13) distribution on decortication groove (14) each sidewall, drives rotation by a belt (5) by decortication motor (4) point-blank.
6. blue or green walnut shelling machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the rotation direction of the decortication brush (13) that two sidewalls of described decortication groove (14) distribute is contrary.
7. blue or green walnut shelling machine as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, the below of described discharge door (7) is provided with screen cloth.
CN201520899514.5U 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 Green walnut dehulling machine Expired - Fee Related CN205106317U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520899514.5U CN205106317U (en) 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 Green walnut dehulling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520899514.5U CN205106317U (en) 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 Green walnut dehulling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205106317U true CN205106317U (en) 2016-03-30

Family

ID=55561984

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520899514.5U Expired - Fee Related CN205106317U (en) 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 Green walnut dehulling machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205106317U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106360754A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-02-01 周志花 Device for rapidly processing walnut green seedcases

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106360754A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-02-01 周志花 Device for rapidly processing walnut green seedcases

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160330

Termination date: 20161110

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee