CN209825142U - Inner-thorn type roller peeling machine - Google Patents

Inner-thorn type roller peeling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209825142U
CN209825142U CN201920554411.3U CN201920554411U CN209825142U CN 209825142 U CN209825142 U CN 209825142U CN 201920554411 U CN201920554411 U CN 201920554411U CN 209825142 U CN209825142 U CN 209825142U
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China
Prior art keywords
roller
box body
wall
piercing
decorticator
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Active
Application number
CN201920554411.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张世勇
张京顺
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Weifang Jiuheng Food Co Ltd
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Weifang Jiuheng Food Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920554411.3U priority Critical patent/CN209825142U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an inner thorn type roller peeling machine, which comprises a frame, wherein a transversely arranged box body is arranged on the frame, a horizontally arranged roller is rotatably connected in the box body, a feed inlet for hawthorn fruits to enter the roller is arranged on the right box wall of the box body, a discharge outlet for hawthorn fruits to be discharged is arranged on the left box wall, and a drain outlet is arranged at the bottom of the box body; the wall of the roller is evenly provided with chip removal holes, the inner surface of the roller is evenly provided with convex spine parts, and the box body is provided with a driving device for driving the roller to rotate and a spray pipe for spraying water into the inner cavity of the roller. The inner-thorn type roller peeling machine is simple and ingenious in structure, high in peeling efficiency and low in breakage rate, particularly the spine part structure of the roller is easy to process and manufacture, and the spine part peeling effect is achieved.

Description

Inner-thorn type roller peeling machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an interior thorn formula cylinder decorticator.
Background
During the production process of the hawthorn can or the preserved hawthorn, the hawthorn is usually subjected to kernel removal, then the hawthorn is placed in a peeling sieve or a vibrating sieve which is shaken up and down, a peeling blade is generally arranged on the inner surface of the peeling sieve or the vibrating sieve in a welding mode, and the upper side surface of the peeling blade is provided with a sharp sawtooth edge, so that the peeling blade is contacted with the surface of the hawthorn, and then peeling operation is completed; however, because the denucleated hawthorn belongs to a hollow structure, hawthorn pulp is usually softer, and hawthorn fruit peel is thicker and firmer, the hawthorn is easy to crush in the process of jumping up and down, and the peeling time is long, so that the problem of low yield is caused; in addition, the existing peeling sieve is complex in structure, and the peeling blade is generally connected to the peeling sieve in a welding mode, so that the manufacturing cost is high.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to provide a simple structure, convenient to use at first can realize that the hawthorn carries out the roll formula and peels the operation, reduces the hawthorn percentage of damage then, secondly, can improve the interior thorn formula cylinder decorticator of the peeled effect of hawthorn.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a frame, its structural feature is: the device comprises a rack, a roller, a feeding port, a discharging port and a drain outlet, wherein the rack is provided with a transversely arranged box body, the horizontally arranged roller is rotatably connected in the box body, the right box wall of the box body is provided with the feeding port for hawthorn fruits to enter the roller, the left box wall of the box body is provided with the discharging port for hawthorn fruits to be discharged, and the bottom of the box body is provided with the drain outlet; the box body is provided with a driving device for driving the roller to rotate and a spraying pipe for spraying water into the inner cavity of the roller.
After the structure is adopted, the roller is kept in a rotating state by the driving device, the spraying pipe is kept in a water spraying state, and then the hawthorn fruits which are not peeled are sequentially thrown into the inner cavity of the roller from the feeding port, so that the roller rotates and the hawthorn fruits turn over up and down in the inner cavity of the roller, and meanwhile, the hawthorn fruits frequently contact with the sharp thorn parts on the inner circumferential surface of the roller in the process of turning over up and down, so that the hawthorn peel is separated from the hawthorn fruit pulp; in addition, when the hawthorn fruits move to the left end part of the roller and are accumulated to a certain height, the hawthorn fruits can directly overflow from the discharge hole; therefore, through the utility model discloses peel effectual, efficient, simultaneously, the outward appearance cleanliness factor is high for the hawthorn fruit of peeling, and simultaneously, the hawthorn fruit overturns about going on in the cylinder inner chamber, consequently, can reduce the hawthorn percentage of damage.
In order to conveniently realize the structure of the spine part, the spine part is a flanging which is punched on the cylinder wall of the roller from outside to inside through a punch and enables a punched peripheral plate to be sunken and deformed towards the inner side of the roller.
The hole body of the punched hole is conical, and the spine part is a conical flanging which is annularly arranged along the punched hole.
In order to ensure the peeling effect, the edge of the flanging is serrated.
In order to realize the structure of the spray pipe, the spray pipe comprises a pipe body transversely arranged above a roller cylinder cavity, the right end part of the pipe body is arranged on the right box wall of the box body, the left end part of the pipe body is arranged on the left box wall of the box body, water spray holes which are arranged at left and right intervals are uniformly distributed on the lower side pipe wall of the pipe body, and the right end part of the pipe body is provided with a connecting end part connected with an external water supply pipe.
In order to drive the roller to rotate, the driving device comprises an outer gear ring arranged at the right end of the roller and a driving motor arranged on the outer side of the right box wall of the box body, and a driving shaft of the driving motor extends into the box body and is provided with a driving gear meshed with the outer gear ring.
In order to realize the structure that the roller is rotatably connected in the box body, two front supporting wheels which are arranged at left and right intervals and supported below the front side of the roller and two rear supporting wheels which are arranged at left and right intervals and supported below the rear side of the roller are arranged in the box body, and the roller is rotatably connected in the box body under the supporting action of the two front supporting wheels and the two rear supporting wheels.
In order to clean peel scraps at the bottom of the inner cavity of the box body conveniently, a plurality of cleaning holes and baffle plates for plugging the cleaning holes are uniformly distributed on the front box wall of the box body at intervals.
In order to ensure that the hawthorn fruits have certain residence time in the roller and further ensure the peeling effect, the feeding port is higher than the discharge port, and the lower edge of the discharge port is higher than the lower edge of the roller.
To sum up, the utility model discloses simple structure is ingenious, peel efficient, the percentage of damage is low, especially the easy processing of spine portion structure and the preparation of cylinder, and spine portion peeling effect.
Drawings
The invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and embodiments:
fig. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the peeling operation of the present invention;
fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of a region B in fig. 3.
Detailed Description
Referring to the attached drawings, the internally-stabbed roller peeling machine comprises a rectangular box body 1 which is transversely arranged, a rack is arranged at the bottom of the box body 1 and is a supporting leg which is arranged at four corners of the bottom of the supporting box body 1, a roller 2 which is horizontally arranged is rotatably connected in the box body 1, the roller 2 is cylindrical, in addition, in order to avoid hawthorn fruits in the roller 2 from leaking to the bottom of the box body 1 from gaps between two ends of the roller 2 and box walls and ensure the normal rotation of the roller 2, the left and right length of the roller 2 is slightly smaller than the distance between the left box wall of the box body 1 and the right box wall of the box body 1, in addition, in order to realize that the roller 2 is rotatably connected in the box body 1, two supporting beams which are longitudinally arranged at left and right intervals are arranged in the box body 1, each supporting beam is provided with a front supporting wheel 11 which is supported below the front side of the roller 2 and a rear supporting, therefore, the drum 2 is rotatably connected in the cabinet 1 under the supporting action of the two front support wheels 11 and the two rear support wheels 10; secondly, in order to drive the drum 2 to rotate, a driving device for driving the drum 2 to rotate is also installed on the box body 1, as shown in fig. 2, the driving device comprises an external gear ring installed at the right end of the drum 2 and a driving motor 9 installed on the outer side of the right box wall of the box body 1, and a driving shaft of the driving motor 9 extends into the box body 1 and is provided with a driving gear meshed with the external gear ring.
Continuing to refer to the attached drawing, a feeding port 3 for hawthorn fruits to enter the roller 2 is arranged on the right box wall of the box body 1, a discharging port 4 for hawthorn fruits to be discharged is arranged on the left box wall, and a sewage outlet 5 is arranged at the bottom of the box body; therefore, the hawthorn fruits can be put into the inner cavity of the roller 2 through the feeding port 3 and peeled, and the peeled hawthorn fruits are discharged through the discharging port 4 after peeling, but in order to ensure that the hawthorn fruits have a certain peeling time in the roller 2 and further ensure the peeling effect, as shown in fig. 4, the feeding port 3 is higher than the discharging port 4, and meanwhile, the lower edge of the discharging port 4 is higher than the lower edge of the roller 2, so that the hawthorn fruits can be discharged in the roller 2 only when the hawthorn fruits in the left end part of the roller 2 are accumulated to be higher than the lower edge of the discharging port 4.
Continuing to refer to the attached drawings, chip removing holes 6 are uniformly distributed on the wall of the roller 2, raised spine parts 7 are uniformly distributed on the inner surface of the roller 2, and then a spray pipe 8 for spraying water into the inner cavity of the roller 2 is arranged on the box body 1; as shown in fig. 2-5, the chip removal holes 6 are circular holes smaller than the outer diameter of the hawthorn fruits, the diameter of the circular holes is preferably about 2cm, and the chip removal holes 6 are preferably obtained by a blanking and punching process; secondly, in order to realize the structure of the spine part 7, the spine part 7 is a flanging which is preferably punched on the cylinder wall of the roller 2 from outside to inside by a punch and enables the punched peripheral plate to be deformed in a concave manner towards the inner side of the roller 2; of course, in order to facilitate the punching of the cylindrical wall, it is preferable to punch a hole in the metal plate that is not yet rolled into the drum 2, that is, to punch a hole in the metal plate that is spread to a horizontal state, thereby forming a punched plate, and after the punching is completed, to cut a plate body of a corresponding size from the punched plate and wind the plate body into the drum 2; in addition, in order to make the spine part 7 have a proper height and improve the peeling effect, the punching mode of the spine part 7 is preferably obtained by a non-blanking punching process, as shown in fig. 5, the end part of a punch of the non-blanking punching process is preferably a conical end part, and during the punching operation, the conical punch end part is only used for breaking the wall of the plate, during the wall breaking process, the plate around the punching hole is deformed and flanged towards the other surface of the plate along the end part of the punch, when the flanging height reaches about 1cm, the punch is retracted, at this time, the hole body shape of the punching hole is also approximately conical, the spine part 7 is a conical flanging annularly arranged along the punching hole, and in addition, the minimum hole diameter of the conical punching hole is preferably about 0.5 cm; secondly, after the plate is drilled through by the punch, the outer edge of the flanging is torn to form a serrated edge in general shape, and the serrated edge can increase the contact roughness with the peel, so that the peeling operation is conveniently realized; of course, the punching plate can also be a fish scale hole punching plate.
As shown in fig. 3-4, in order to realize the structure of the spray pipe 8, the spray pipe 8 comprises a pipe body transversely arranged above the cylinder cavity of the roller 2, the right end part of the pipe body is arranged on the right box wall of the box body 1, the left end part of the pipe body is arranged on the left box wall of the box body 1, meanwhile, the right end part of the pipe body penetrates out from the right box wall of the box body 1, and a valve which can be connected with an external water supply pipe is arranged, secondly, water spray holes which are arranged at left and right intervals are evenly distributed on the lower side pipe wall of the pipe body, therefore, the spray pipe 8 can spray water into the roller 2, and the fruit peel is conveniently washed down from. Secondly, in order to clean the peel piece of box 1 inner chamber bottom conveniently, the equipartition has a plurality of holes 12 and the baffle 13 of the hole 12 is cleaned in shutoff of cleaning of controlling the interval setting on the preceding tank wall of box 1, this hole 12 of cleaning makes things convenient for the workman to stretch into box 1 with the brush, thereby will gather pulp piece and peel in box 1 and clean to drain 5, and discharge through drain 5, this drain 5 can directly set up on 1 diapire of box, of course, also can be as shown in fig. 4, drain 5 sets up the left tank wall downside at box 1.
Therefore, when the hawthorn peeling operation is carried out, the roller 2 is kept in a constant-speed rotating state by using the driving device, the spraying pipe is kept in a water spraying state, and then the unpeeled hawthorn fruits are sequentially thrown into the inner cavity of the roller 2 from the feeding port 3, so that the roller 2 rotates and the hawthorn fruits turn over up and down in the inner cavity of the roller 2, meanwhile, the hawthorn fruits frequently contact with the spine parts 7 on the inner peripheral surface of the roller 2 in the process of turning up and down, so that the hawthorn peels are separated from the hawthorn fruits, in addition, the water body can wash down the peels from the hawthorn fruits due to the water spraying effect of the spraying pipe 8, and then, the chip impurities such as the peels and the like are discharged into the bottom of the box body 1 from the chip discharge hole 6 along with the water body and are directly discharged from the; in addition, when the hawthorn fruits move to the left end part of the roller 2 and are accumulated to a certain height, the hawthorn fruits can directly overflow from the discharge hole 4, and the overflowed hawthorn fruits are finished hawthorn fruits without peels.
To sum up, the present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned specific embodiments. Those skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and all such changes and modifications are intended to be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an interior thorn formula cylinder decorticator, includes the frame, its characterized in that: the hawthorn fruit feeding device is characterized in that a transversely arranged box body (1) is installed on the rack, a horizontally arranged roller (2) is rotatably connected in the box body (1), a feeding port (3) for hawthorn fruits to enter the roller (2) is formed in the right box wall of the box body (1), a discharging port (4) for hawthorn fruits to be discharged is formed in the left box wall, and a sewage outlet (5) is formed in the bottom of the box body; the novel kitchen cabinet is characterized in that chip removal holes (6) are uniformly distributed in the wall of the roller (2), raised spine parts (7) are uniformly distributed on the inner surface of the roller (2), and a driving device for driving the roller (2) to rotate and a spraying pipe (8) for spraying water into the inner cavity of the roller (2) are mounted on the box body (1).
2. The internally-piercing roller decorticator as claimed in claim 1, wherein the piercing section (7) is a flanging which is punched from the outside to the inside of the roller (2) by a punch and which deforms the punched peripheral plate by sinking towards the inside of the roller (2).
3. The internal piercing roller decorticator as claimed in claim 2, wherein the hole body of the punched hole is conical, and the piercing part (7) is a conical flange annularly arranged along the punched hole.
4. The internally-piercing roller decorticator of claim 2 wherein the edges of said flanges are serrated.
5. The internally-piercing roller skinning machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the spray pipe (8) comprises a pipe body transversely arranged above the roller cavity of the roller (2), the right end of the pipe body is arranged on the right wall of the box body (1), the left end of the pipe body is arranged on the left wall of the box body (1), the lower side pipe wall of the pipe body is evenly provided with water spray holes arranged at intervals left and right, and the right end of the pipe body is provided with a connecting end connected with an external water supply pipe.
6. The internally-piercing roller decorticator as claimed in claim 1, wherein the drive means comprises an external gear ring mounted at the right end of the roller (2) and a drive motor (9) mounted on the outside of the right wall of the housing (1), the drive shaft of the drive motor (9) extending into the housing (1) and being provided with a drive gear engaging with the external gear ring.
7. The internally-piercing barrel decorticator as claimed in claim 1, wherein two front support wheels (11) are mounted in the housing (1) at a distance from each other and supported below the front side of the barrel (2), and two rear support wheels (10) are mounted in the housing (1) at a distance from each other and supported below the rear side of the barrel (2), the barrel (2) being rotatably connected to the housing (1) by the support of the two front support wheels (11) and the two rear support wheels (10).
8. The internally-piercing roller decorticator as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that a plurality of cleaning holes (12) arranged at intervals left and right and baffles (13) for blocking the cleaning holes (12) are evenly distributed on the front box wall of the box body (1).
9. The internally-piercing roller decorticator as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the feed opening (3) is arranged higher than the discharge opening (4), and the lower edge of the discharge opening (4) is arranged higher than the lower edge of the roller (2).
CN201920554411.3U 2019-04-23 2019-04-23 Inner-thorn type roller peeling machine Active CN209825142U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920554411.3U CN209825142U (en) 2019-04-23 2019-04-23 Inner-thorn type roller peeling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920554411.3U CN209825142U (en) 2019-04-23 2019-04-23 Inner-thorn type roller peeling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209825142U true CN209825142U (en) 2019-12-24

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ID=68913213

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920554411.3U Active CN209825142U (en) 2019-04-23 2019-04-23 Inner-thorn type roller peeling machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209825142U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111568981A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-25 张乐巧 Peeling device of chinese-medicinal material tuber of pinellia

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111568981A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-08-25 张乐巧 Peeling device of chinese-medicinal material tuber of pinellia

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