CN204953304U - Spiral multistage sorter - Google Patents

Spiral multistage sorter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204953304U
CN204953304U CN201520612030.8U CN201520612030U CN204953304U CN 204953304 U CN204953304 U CN 204953304U CN 201520612030 U CN201520612030 U CN 201520612030U CN 204953304 U CN204953304 U CN 204953304U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spiral
sieve
screen
sorting machine
spiral screen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520612030.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖宏儒
韩余
肖苏伟
宋志禹
丁文芹
赵映
梅松
金月
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Priority to CN201520612030.8U priority Critical patent/CN204953304U/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a spiral multistage sorter belongs to forestry machine technical field. This press packed bale is drawn together the upper end and is constructed with the branch screen(ing) machine that feed mechanism links up, the paranemic coiling sieve of spiral sieve way constitutes by having separately more than two -layer to divide the screen(ing) machine structure, the bottom of spiral sieve links up through respective export and the collecting box that corresponds respectively, and upper spiral sieves the sieve mesh and is greater than the lower floor, and the spiral of lower floor sieves the sclausura, the center of spiral sieve links firmly with vertical sieve axle, the upper end of sieve axle is articulated with driving crank, and the lower extreme articulates with vertical slider. Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses owing to adopted the vertical spiral sieve of winnowing with a dustpan and shaking and giving first place to, therefore the structure is very compact, vibrates the noise moreover and reduces greatly to tealeaves shakes saying along spiral sieve that the sliding motion in -process is winnowed with a dustpan, and it is better consequently to sieve the effect, and can not harm tealeaves.

Description

A kind of spiral multi-level sorting machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of separator, and especially a kind of spiral multi-level sorting machine, belongs to agriculture and forestry machinery technical field.
Background technology
Though machine is picked tea-leaves, leaf efficiency is high, poor selectivity, and the tealeaves level therefore plucked is uneven, has adopted the tealeaves that need can process various rank quality through classification.
According to the applicant understood, current tea grading machine has two kinds, and a kind of is utilize the so-called intelligent vision of Computer Image Processing software to carry out tea dry sorting, is mainly used in the classification of Famous High-quality Tea single bud head, because therefore high cost fails popularization and application; Another kind is vibration sieve type tea-green color classifier (its typical structure can be the Chinese patent literature of 201410029035.8 see application number), though this type of grader can complete multistage tea dry sorting preferably, but be main vibrating mechanism owing to being horizontal direction displacement, therefore floor space is large, vibration noise strong, therefore applies and is also subject to a definite limitation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is: the shortcoming existed for above-mentioned prior art, and not only grading effect is good to propose one, and the spiral multi-level sorting machine that structure is very compact, vibrating noise is little, thus makes it conscientiously be widely applied.
In order to achieve the above object, the spiral multi-level sorting machine of the utility model comprises the sub-sieve mechanism that upper end is connected with feed mechanism, described sub-sieve mechanism is made up of the two-layer above parallel spiral sieve with respective spiral screen road, the bottom of described spiral screen is connected with corresponding collecting box respectively by respective outlet, the spiral screen sieve aperture on upper strata is greater than lower floor, undermost spiral screen atresia; Center and the vertical sieve axle of described spiral screen are connected, and upper end and the driving crank of described sieve axle are hinged, and lower end and vertical slide block hinged.
Therefore, spiral screen essence becomes the link component of slider-crank mechanism.When crank member rotates, drive spiral screen is done the plane motion based on vertical deviation by sieve axle, the leaf thus the machine making feed mechanism transport is picked tea-leaves while winnow with a dustpan shakes, one spiral screen road, edge downglide motion, the sheet of final such as tealeaves and so on leaves of plants upper, less under, output to corresponding collecting box from respective outlet respectively, realize high efficiency screening.
Compared with prior art, the utility model vertically winnows with a dustpan that to shake be main spiral screen owing to have employed, and therefore structure is very compact, and vibrating noise reduces greatly, and leaves of plants is being shaken along winnowing with a dustpan in spiral screen road sliding motion process, therefore screening effect is better, and can not damage.The utility model not only can be applied to tea dry sorting, also may be used for the separation operation that other is similar.
The utility model further improves, the pin joint of described sieve axle and vertical slide block departs from the plumb line of the described driving crank centre of gyration, thus formation has the offset slider-crank mechanism returning to movement characteristic, average movement velocity upwards can be made in spiral screen plane motion process to be like this greater than its downward average movement velocity, thus the leaves of plants of tealeaves and so on is more fully sized, not only efficiency is higher, and screening quality is better.
Further, the length of run in each bar spiral screen road becomes arithmetic progression, and each outlet is uniformly distributed in same circumference.
Further, described feed mechanism comprises forward and backward transfer gantry from low to high, described transfer gantry is fixed the aslope conveyer belt skeleton of shape; The two ends of described conveyer belt skeleton respectively installing ring around the driven roller of conveyer belt and regulating wheel.
Further, the driven pulley that described driving crank is equipped with drive pin by eccentric position is formed.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the three-dimensional structure for amplifying schematic diagram of spiral screen in Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present embodiment is a kind of spiral multistage fresh tea leaves separator, is made up of feed mechanism, driving mechanism, sub-sieve mechanism three parts.
Wherein feed mechanism mainly comprises material loading motor 1-1, driven roller 1-2, conveyer belt 1-3, skeleton 1-4, front transfer gantry 1-5, rear transfer gantry 1-6, regulating wheel 1-7.Conveyer belt skeleton 1-4 fixes by highly different forward and backward transfer gantry 1-5,1-6, angled with ground, forms slope, tea leaf conveying is delivered to sub-sieve mechanism.Conveyer belt driven roller 1-2, regulating wheel 1-7 are installed on the two ends up and down of conveyer belt skeleton 1-4 respectively, and conveyer belt 1-3 is placed on driven roller 1-2 and regulating wheel 1-7.Driven roller 1-2 is connected by shaft coupling with material loading motor 1-1, and rotate with this motor one, now conveyer belt 1-3 rotates clockwise, and tealeaves is transported to sub-sieve mechanism.
Driving mechanism mainly comprises installing rack 2-1, bearing block 2-2, driven pulley 2-3, driving shaft 2-4, rotating band 2-5, driving pulley 2-6, drive motors 2-7, drive pin 2-8.Driving shaft 2-4 is installed in bearing block 2-2, and this bearing block is then fixed by installing rack 2-1, plays load bearing support effect; Driven pulley 2-3 is arranged on driving shaft 2-4, is welded with drive pin 2-8, thus in fact becomes the crank member of slider-crank mechanism apart from the certain eccentric position of core wheel.Driving pulley 2-6 is connected with drive motors 2-7 by its rotating shaft, rotates with the rotation of this motor, and rotating band 2-5 and driving wheel 2-6 and driven pulley 2-3 adaptation is installed, and plays gearing; When drive motors 2-7 is energized, driving mechanism makes drive pin 2-8 move in a circle with driven pulley 2-3, to drive sub-sieve mechanism.
Sub-sieve mechanism mainly comprises sieve axle 3-1, the first spiral screen 3-2, the second spiral screen 3-3, the 3rd spiral screen 3-4, the first sieve outlet 3-5, the 3rd sieve outlet 3-6, the second sieve outlet 3-12, the first collecting box 3-7, the second collecting box 3-13, the 3rd collecting box 3-8, slide rail 3-9, slide block 3-10, connecting axle 3-11.The upper end of the superiors' spiral screen is positioned under feed mechanism output.First, second, third 3 helical layer sieve 3-2,3-3,3-4 have the spiral screen road being parallel to each other and arranging rib, and its lower end arranges outlet corresponding to 3-5,3-12,3-6 tri-respectively.Non-interference in order to ensure each outlet, the length in three spiral screen roads reduces successively, and length of run is arithmetic progression.The present embodiment three outlets are uniformly distributed in same circumference, and angular position differs 120 °.
The spiral screen sieve aperture on upper strata is greater than lower floor, undermost spiral screen atresia, and the present embodiment first spiral screen 3-2 is evenly provided with the sieve aperture that diameter is 30mm, and the second spiral screen 3-3 is provided with the sieve aperture that diameter is 15mm, and the 3rd spiral screen 3-4 does not establish sieve aperture.The aperture of sieve aperture can set according to the demand of classification tea quality: usually require that higher aperture is less.The quantity of spiral screen also can take the circumstances into consideration increase and decrease according to classification level.Center and the vertical sieve axle 3-1 of spiral screen are connected, and the upper end of this sieve axle 3-1 is hinged by drive pin 2-8 with the driven pulley 2-3 as driving crank, and the slide block 3-10 in lower end and vertical slide rail 3-9 is hinged.And the pin joint sieving axle 3-1 and vertical slide block 3-10 departs from the driven pulley 2-3 centre of gyration plumb line as driving crank.
Facts have proved, the spiral multi-level sorting machine of the present embodiment is applied to machine and picks tea-leaves the sorting of leaf, has following remarkable advantage:
1 structure is very compact, and floor space is little, easy for installation.
2 vibration noises are little, significantly improve operating environment.
3 each spiral screen road are a kind of grade tealeaves of a sorting from first to last, and effective sub-sieve distance significantly increases, and therefore sub-sieve is fully thorough, and efficiency is high, effective.
4 material loadings are convenient, greatly reduce labour intensity, laborsaving convenience.
In addition to the implementation, the utility model can also have other embodiments.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of the utility model requirement.

Claims (5)

1. a spiral multi-level sorting machine, comprise the sub-sieve mechanism that upper end is connected with feed mechanism, it is characterized in that: described sub-sieve mechanism is made up of the two-layer above parallel spiral sieve with respective spiral screen road, the bottom of described spiral screen is connected with corresponding collecting box respectively by respective outlet, the spiral screen sieve aperture on upper strata is greater than lower floor, undermost spiral screen atresia; Center and the vertical sieve axle of described spiral screen are connected, and upper end and the driving crank of described sieve axle are hinged, and lower end and vertical slide block hinged.
2. spiral multi-level sorting machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the pin joint of described sieve axle and vertical slide block departs from the plumb line of the described driving crank centre of gyration.
3. spiral multi-level sorting machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the length of run in each bar spiral screen road becomes arithmetic progression, and each outlet is uniformly distributed in same circumference.
4. spiral multi-level sorting machine according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described feed mechanism comprises forward and backward transfer gantry from low to high, described transfer gantry is fixed the aslope conveyer belt skeleton of shape; The two ends of described conveyer belt skeleton respectively installing ring around the driven roller of conveyer belt and regulating wheel.
5. spiral multi-level sorting machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the driven pulley that described driving crank is equipped with drive pin by eccentric position is formed.
CN201520612030.8U 2015-08-14 2015-08-14 Spiral multistage sorter Withdrawn - After Issue CN204953304U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520612030.8U CN204953304U (en) 2015-08-14 2015-08-14 Spiral multistage sorter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520612030.8U CN204953304U (en) 2015-08-14 2015-08-14 Spiral multistage sorter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204953304U true CN204953304U (en) 2016-01-13

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CN201520612030.8U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204953304U (en) 2015-08-14 2015-08-14 Spiral multistage sorter

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105080828A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-25 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Spiral multi-stage sorting machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105080828A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-25 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Spiral multi-stage sorting machine

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GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20160113

Effective date of abandoning: 20170616