CN2048682U - Measurer for three-dimension surface shape of last - Google Patents

Measurer for three-dimension surface shape of last Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2048682U
CN2048682U CN 89212840 CN89212840U CN2048682U CN 2048682 U CN2048682 U CN 2048682U CN 89212840 CN89212840 CN 89212840 CN 89212840 U CN89212840 U CN 89212840U CN 2048682 U CN2048682 U CN 2048682U
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China
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array detector
linear array
ends
surface shape
intelligent controller
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CN 89212840
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Chinese (zh)
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苏显渝
陈泽先
张冠申
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四川大学
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Priority to CN 89212840 priority Critical patent/CN2048682U/en
Publication of CN2048682U publication Critical patent/CN2048682U/en

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Abstract

Disclosed is a measurer for three-dimension surface shape of last, comprising a projection and imaging optical system, a locomotion and rotation workbench, a linear array detector, an intelligent controller, etc. The utility model belongs to a non-contact photoelectric measurement apparatus using triangulation theory and light pencil relative scan mode, which is combined in use with each type of microcomputers by RS-232 general interface and can automatically measure new designed last samples or lasts in mass production and get all the desired sizes of feature parts and high precision surface shape data. The utility model can be widely used in computer-aided design system (CAD) and computer-aided manufacture system (CAM) in shoemaking industry and also for measuring high precision surface shape of industrial component parts of the same industry and physical models. The utility model has the advantages of shoe-form design accelerating and the competitive power of shoemaking and products increasing.

Description

本实用新型属于三维面形测量仪器,特别是用于鞋楦三维面形测量的仪器。 The present invention belongs to the three-dimensional shape measurement instruments, in particular for shoe last shape measurement instrument.

在制鞋工业中,无论是新设计的母样,还是大批生产的鞋楦都必须对其楦身各特征部位的尺寸及外形进行测量检验,特别是制鞋工业中近年发展起来的计算机辅助设计系统(CAD)和计算机辅助制造系统(CAM),更需要整个鞋楦的三维面形数据。 In the shoe industry, whether it is the mother of a new kind of design, or mass-produced shoe last test must be measured in each of their last characteristic parts of the body size and shape, especially in the footwear industry in recent years developed a computer-aided design (CAD) systems and computer-aided manufacturing system (CAM), D shape need lasts the entire data. 由于楦体形状比较复杂,很难检验其全部尺寸和外形,国内长期以来只能凭借常规楦型检验工具(例如划盘针、布带尺、前跷测量器和三脚平行规等)对主要部位进行测量,至于鞋楦的其余部位和形状,仅能凭借经验和眼力来鉴别(参见:“中国鞋号及鞋楦设计”一书第六章,鞋楦设计和检验,轻工业出版社)。 Since the last shape complex, difficult to test all of its size and shape, with only a conventional domestic long lasting type inspection tool (e.g., needle scratch disk, a tape scale, and measuring the front tripod Rocker parallel rules, etc.) on the major portion measured as for the rest of the site and shape of the shoe last, only by virtue of experience and vision to identify (see: "China's shoe and shoe last," a book Chapter VI, shoe last design and testing, light Industry Press). 国外虽然采用了三座标测量机对鞋楦进行测量,但这种测量机是高精度通用测量设备,价格昂贵,且测量速度慢,至今国内鞋厂尚未引进使用。 Although the use of foreign coordinate measuring machine to measure the shoe last, but this is a high-precision measuring machine universal measuring equipment, expensive, slow and measured, has not yet introduced domestic shoe factory use.

本实用新型的任务是提出一种用于鞋楦自动检验的三维面形测量仪。 This new utility task is to propose a shoe last automatic testing instrument for measuring the three-dimensional surface shape. 该测量仪与微机联机使用,能自动测量出各鞋楦的整个三维面形数据和所需的全部特征部位尺寸,这些数据可广泛用于制鞋工业计算机辅助设计系统(CAD)和计算机辅助制造系统(CAM)。 The measuring device used with the computer on-line to automatically measure the size of the entire portion of all the characteristics of the three-dimensional surface shape and the desired data of each shoe last, the data can be widely used in the footwear industry computer-aided design (CAD) systems and computer-aided manufacturing system (CAM).

附图1是本实用新型的结构示意图。 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention novel.

附图2是智能控制器原理电路图。 Figure 2 is a circuit diagram illustrating the principle of an intelligent controller.

附图3是由本实用新型测量出的鞋楦面形数据所绘制的立体形态图。 FIG 3 is a perspective aspect of the present invention measured by the shoe last surface shape of the plotted data.

本实用新型是根据三角测量原理,采用细光束相对扫描方式和非接触光电测量方法进行测量的。 The present invention is based on the principle of triangulation, and using a non-contact manner relative scanning optoelectronic measurement method of measuring beamlets. 如图1所示,本实用新型由光源(1)、成象透镜(2)、线阵探测器(3)、智能控制器(4)和工作台(5)组成。 As shown in FIG 1, the present invention by the light source (1), the image forming lens (2), linear array detector (3), a smart controller (4) and the table (5) components. 光源投射一束细光束(称为投射光线)在鞋楦表面形成一微小光点(称为物点),线阵探测器位于成象透镜的象平面,物点经成象透镜成象于线阵探测器上,物点径向位置的变化将使象点在探测器上移动。 A bundle of light projected beamlets (referred to project light) forming a minute spot (referred to as object point) on the surface of the shoe last, linear array detector located at the image plane of the imaging lens, the object point is imaged by the image forming lens line the array detector, changes the radial position of the object point will move image points on the detector. 光源、鞋楦上的光点、成象透镜以及线阵探测器位于同一平面内,并使投射光线和成象光线成一锐角,构成三角测量方式中三角形的两条边。 A light source, the light spot on the shoe last, the image forming lens and a linear array detector in the same plane, and the projection and imaging light rays at an acute angle to form two sides of a triangle triangulation. 工作台带动鞋楦沿轴向移动和绕轴线转动,以使投射光线能对鞋楦的整个面形进行相对扫描。 Shoe last stage driven axially movable and rotatable about the axis, so that light can be projected to scan the entire opposing surface shape of the shoe last. 工作台的电路与智能控制器相连,根据测量要求实现不同步进量的移动和转动。 The intelligent controller circuit stage is connected, to achieve movement and rotation of the stepping amount of the different measurement requirements. 线阵探测器与智能控制器相连,智能控制器完成扫描驱动、对线阵探测器输出信号的预处理、模数转换和数据处理。 Linear array detector coupled with intelligent controller, intelligent controller driving the scan is completed, pre-processing the output signal of the linear array detector, analog to digital conversion and data processing. 本实用新型需与微机联机使用,并由智能控制器完成与微机之间数据和控制信号的双向传递,测量结果由微机输出。 The present invention for an on-line computer and used by the intelligent controller to complete the transfer and two-way data and control signals between the computer, the measurement result output by the microcomputer.

光源(1)可以采用小功率He-Ne激光器,也可以增加针孔滤波器和投影光学系统以提高光斑的质量。 A light source (1) can be used low-power He-Ne laser, it can also increase the projection optical system and a pinhole filter to improve the quality of the spot.

为增加测量的可靠性,可以采用两个线阵探测器,并将其关于投射光线对称配置。 To increase the reliability of the measurement, two linear array detector may be employed, and symmetrically disposed about the projected light.

工作台(5)的详细结构可如图1中的A向视图所示。 As shown in the table 1 A view (5) of the detailed structure shown in FIG. 底座(6)上部两端各有一支承(7),两支承之间安装了一根丝杆(8)和两根光杆(9),与丝杆相连接的传动螺母(10)固定在台面(11)下方中央,台面下方两端各有一个套在光杆上的导向座(12),台面上方的两端分别有一尾座(13)和一转盘(14),鞋楦被装卡在尾座和转盘之间。 A base (6) at each end of the upper portion of a support (7), of a screw (8) is mounted between the support and the two light rods (9), connected to the drive spindle nut (10) fixed to the table ( 11) center, the lower ends beneath each table set in a light rod guide (12), respectively, at both ends of the mesa has a tailstock (13) and a turntable (14), is held in a shoe last tailstock and between the turntable. 丝杆外端的步进电机(15)带动丝杆转动,通过传动螺母推动台面及鞋楦沿轴向移动,转盘外端的步进电机(16)通过转盘带动鞋楦绕轴线转动。 The outer end of the screw stepper motor (15) driven by rotation of the lead screw, and push shoe last mesa axially moved by a drive nut, the outer end of the rotary stepper motor (16) driven by the turntable to rotate about an axis shoe last.

智能控制器(4),可以由线阵驱动电路(Ⅰ)、步进电机驱动电路(Ⅱ)、信号预处理电路(Ⅲ)以及单板机(Ⅳ)组成,如图2所示。 Intelligent controller (4), the drive circuit may (Ⅰ) by the line, the stepping motor drive circuit (Ⅱ), a signal preprocessing circuit (Ⅲ) and SBC (Ⅳ), as shown in Fig. 线阵驱动电路的两端分别与线阵探测器(3)和单板机(Ⅳ)连接,实现线阵探测器(3)的自动扫描。 Both ends of the linear array are connected to a driving circuit linear array detector (3) and SBC (IV), to achieve linear array detector (3) of the automatic scanning. 线阵探测器(3)的输出经信号预处理电路(Ⅲ)中的前置放大器(PA),再经峰值保持器(PH)和模数转换器(A/D),然后送入单板机(Ⅳ)。 Linear array detector (3) via an output signal preprocessing circuit (Ⅲ) preamplifier (PA), and then the peak holder (PH) and the analog to digital converter (A / D), and then into the board unit (IV). 步进电机驱动电路(Ⅱ)的两端分别与单板机(Ⅳ)和工作台(5)上的两个步进电机(15,16)连接。 Both ends of the stepping motor driving circuit (Ⅱ) are connected to SBC (Ⅳ) and stage two stepper motors (15, 16) on the (5). 单板机可以包括中央处理单元(Z80-CPU)、只读存贮器(EPROM)、存贮器(RAM)、输入输出接口(Z80-PIO)和串行通讯接口(RS-232),由串行通讯接口实现与微机的通讯,接收微机的控制指令,完成采样、计算和控制功能,并将计算结果送回微机。 SBC may include a central processing unit (Z80-CPU), read only memory (EPROM), memory (RAM), input-output interface (Z80-PIO) and a serial communication interface (RS-232), by the a serial communication interface to communicate with the microcomputer, the microcomputer receives control instructions to complete sample, computation and control functions, and the calculated results back to the microcomputer.

本实用新型的测量结果(鞋楦三维面形数据)或用数据文件形式存盘备用,或在CRT上输出,或在绘图仪上输出,图3是由绘图仪输出的测量结果。 Measurement results of the present invention (Shoelast shape data), or save backup data file format, or output on the CRT or plotter output, FIG 3 is a measurement result obtained by the plotter output.

本实用新型作为一种智能化终端设备,通过RS-232通用接口能与各类微机联机使用,不仅能对各类鞋楦实现快速和高精度的自动测量,还可用于其他类似的工业零件及实物模型的面形测量。 The present invention, as an intelligent terminal device, via RS-232 general-purpose interface can be used with various types of computer-line, not only to realize fast and high-precision automatic measurement of various types of shoe last, but also for industrial parts, and other similar measuring the surface shape of the physical model.

Claims (3)

1.鞋楦三维面形测量仪,其特征在于由光源、成象透镜、线阵探测器、智能控制器以及带动鞋楦沿轴线移动和绕轴线转动的工作台组成,线阵探测器位于成象透镜的象平面,光源、鞋楦上的光点、成象透镜以及线阵控测器位于同一平面内,投射光线和成象光线成一锐角,线阵探测器与智能控制器相连,工作台的电气与智能控制器的电气相连。 1. Shoelast shaped measuring instrument, characterized in that the axial movement of the shoe last by the light source, the image forming lens, a linear array detector, and driven intelligent controller and a table rotatable about an axis consisting of the line array detector positioned to like the image plane of the lens, the light source, the light spot on the shoe last, the image forming lens and a linear array detector controller in the same plane, projection rays and image rays at an acute angle, and linear array detector connected to the intelligent controller, the table electrical and electrically connected to the intelligent controller.
2.按照权利要求1的测量仪,其特征在于工作台有一底座,底座上部两端各有一支承,两支承之间安装了一根丝杆和两根光杆,与丝杆相连接的传动螺母固定在台面下方中央,台面下方两端各有一个套在光杆上的导向座,台面上方的两端分别有一尾座和一转盘,两个步进电机分别位于转盘和丝杆的外端。 2. The meter of claim 1, wherein the table has a base, an upper base ends each having a bearing, the two mounting screw and a rod between the support, the drive spindle nut connected to a fixed in the center, both ends of the table below a set in the table below each seat light guide rod, both ends of each mesa has a turntable and a tailstock, two stepper motors are located at the outer end of the turntable and the lead screw.
3.按照权利要求1或2的测量仪,其特征在于智能控制器包括线阵驱动电路、步进电机驱动电路、信号预处理电路以及单板机,线阵驱动电路的两端分别与线阵探测器和单板机连接,线阵探测器的输出经信号预处理电路中的前置放大器,再经峰值保持器和模数转换器,然后送入单板机,步进电机驱动电路的两端分别与单板机和工作台上的两个步进电机连接。 3. The measuring device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the intelligent controller comprises a linear driving circuit ends, the stepper motor drive circuit, and signal preprocessing circuit SBC linear driving the respective line circuits and a detector connected to SBC, pre-processing circuit outputs a signal in the linear array detector preamplifier, analog to digital converter, and maintained by a peak, and then into SBC, two stepping motor drive circuit are respectively connected to the two ends of SBC and stepper motors bench.
CN 89212840 1989-03-20 1989-03-20 Measurer for three-dimension surface shape of last CN2048682U (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100571560C (en) 2005-12-16 2009-12-23 财团法人工业技术研究院 Foot measurement and footwear manufacture systems and methods
CN102724380A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-10 东莞市爱玛数控科技有限公司 Numerical-control scanner
CN103141993A (en) * 2007-10-23 2013-06-12 耐克国际有限公司 Articles and methods of manufacture of articles
CN103734997A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-04-23 中山市加贝五金模具有限公司 Contact type numerical control shoe tree scanner
CN104905493A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-16 宁波慈星股份有限公司 Sole fixing apparatus for robot shoemaking streamline
US9788594B2 (en) 2007-10-23 2017-10-17 Nike, Inc. Articles and methods of manufacture of articles
US9788603B2 (en) 2007-10-23 2017-10-17 Nike, Inc. Articles and methods of manufacture of articles
CN107373903A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-11-24 成都歌世华鞋业有限公司 Clamping device used for shoemaking auxiliary tool when processing

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100571560C (en) 2005-12-16 2009-12-23 财团法人工业技术研究院 Foot measurement and footwear manufacture systems and methods
US9883717B2 (en) 2007-10-23 2018-02-06 Nike, Inc. Articles and methods of manufacture of articles
CN103141993A (en) * 2007-10-23 2013-06-12 耐克国际有限公司 Articles and methods of manufacture of articles
US9795181B2 (en) 2007-10-23 2017-10-24 Nike, Inc. Articles and methods of manufacture of articles
US9788604B2 (en) 2007-10-23 2017-10-17 Nike, Inc. Articles and method of manufacture of articles
US9788603B2 (en) 2007-10-23 2017-10-17 Nike, Inc. Articles and methods of manufacture of articles
US9788594B2 (en) 2007-10-23 2017-10-17 Nike, Inc. Articles and methods of manufacture of articles
CN103141993B (en) * 2007-10-23 2018-02-16 耐克创新有限合伙公司 A method for producing an article and the article
CN102724380A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-10 东莞市爱玛数控科技有限公司 Numerical-control scanner
CN103734997B (en) * 2013-12-19 2015-10-28 中山市加贝五金模具有限公司 A touch scanner CNC shoe last
CN103734997A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-04-23 中山市加贝五金模具有限公司 Contact type numerical control shoe tree scanner
CN104905493A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-16 宁波慈星股份有限公司 Sole fixing apparatus for robot shoemaking streamline
CN107373903A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-11-24 成都歌世华鞋业有限公司 Clamping device used for shoemaking auxiliary tool when processing

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