CN204826138U - High moisture bidirectional flow sponge type wetland rainwater purifies regulation recycling system - Google Patents

High moisture bidirectional flow sponge type wetland rainwater purifies regulation recycling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204826138U
CN204826138U CN201520437158.5U CN201520437158U CN204826138U CN 204826138 U CN204826138 U CN 204826138U CN 201520437158 U CN201520437158 U CN 201520437158U CN 204826138 U CN204826138 U CN 204826138U
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China
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rainwater
purification
bidirectional flow
regulating
storing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520437158.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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王丽
王琳
孔祥荣
付嘉峰
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王丽
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins

Abstract

The utility model discloses a high moisture bidirectional flow sponge type wetland rainwater purifies regulation recycling system, the system is purified to divide with regulation unit, the bidirectional flow wetland clean system four bibliographic categories by rainwater degritting well, rainwater purification rubble filtering pond, the oxygen rainwater of holding concurrently and constitutes, wherein: the rainwater purifies the lower part that the rubble filtering pond is located rainwater degritting well, is filled to pile up by the rubble to form, is the waterwall of concrete filling hole formation outside it, and the inboard is the concrete waterwall, and the below is provided with the trompil that communicates with hold concurrently purification of oxygen rainwater and regulation unit, the oxygen rainwater of holding concurrently purifies and is the rectangle cell body by bottom plate, concrete waterwall, outside concrete waterwall and top steel perforation roof besieged city with the regulation unit, loads the fibre carrier in it and packs, bidirectional flow wetland clean system is located the top of hold concurrently purification of oxygen rainwater and regulation unit. The utility model discloses can realize purifying with ecological into rainwater regulation, the construction cost is low, and the running cost is low, the long residual action is good, and the view is effectual.

Description

High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of sponge-type wet-land rainwater and purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing.
Background technology
The many cities of China face flood and take place frequently and the problem of shortage of water resources, sponge-type wetland technology merges " sponge city " and up-to-date storm water man-agement theory both at home and abroad, utilize sponge-type wetland to prevent and treat waterlogging, purifying rainwater, realize Rainwater Resources and utilize and beautify the environment.
Known sponge-type wetland and common natural sunk type wetland, this wetland has the ability of nature accumulation, naturally osmotic, self-purification rainwater, but common natural subsidence wetland lacks the pretreatment to rainwater, easily cause Wetland clogging, reduce rainwater storage ability, common wetland water holding capacity depends on the area of wetland simultaneously, when Wetland Area has in limited time, Regulation capacity greatly reduces, and such system does not have reuse space, can not realize rainwater reuse.
Utility model content
In order to solve the easy blocking of sunk type wetland popular at present, rainwater water purification ability, rain flood Regulation capacity is by the impact of Wetland Area, the problem of efficient implicit purifying rainwater can not be realized, the utility model provides a kind of High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater and purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and can realize Non-energy-consumption, long-acting purifying rainwater.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and comprises rainwater except sand drain, rainwater purification rubble filter tank, hold concurrently oxygen rainwater purification and regulate and store unit, bidirectional flow wetland purification system four part, wherein:
Described rainwater except sand drain comprise coarse rack, fine fack, except sand drain breast hole cover plate, coarse rack removes sand drain top water inlet an angle of 90 degrees at rainwater and installs, fine fack removes side relative to the direction that rainwater flows into, the tilted 75 degree of angles of sand drain at rainwater and installs, except sand drain breast hole cover plate is positioned at the top of rainwater except sand drain; Described coarse rack spacing 8-10mm, coarse rack area is greater than 0.5m 2;
Described rainwater purification rubble filter tank is positioned at the bottom of rainwater except sand drain, filled to pile up by rubble and form, be the waterwall that Concrete Filled hole is formed outside it, inner side is concrete water-retaining wall, and below is provided with the perforate be communicated with unit of regulating and storing with double oxygen rainwater purification; The particle diameter 10cm-5cm of described rubble:
Described double oxygen rainwater purification and unit of regulating and storing are bore a hole the rectangle form pool body that top board encircle a city by base plate, concrete water-retaining wall, outside concrete water-retaining wall and top steel, its interior filling fiber carrier filler;
Described bidirectional flow wetland purification system is positioned at double oxygen rainwater purification and the top of unit of regulating and storing, and the top-side of bidirectional flow wetland purification system has spout hole, is made up of Wetland Substrate layer and wetland plant two parts.
Activities is as follows:
One, rainfall runoff enters rainwater except sand drain through coarse rack, through the further particulate matter of fine fack in well, realizes pretreatment, and pretreated rainwater flows into rainwater purification rubble filter tank:
Two, further filtration, purification is carried out to rainwater in rainwater purification rubble filter tank, and at the bottom collection in filter tank, stream flows into hold concurrently oxygen rainwater purification and unit of regulating and storing;
Three, rainwater upwards forms up-flow at double oxygen rainwater purification and unit bottom of regulating and storing, and flows into bidirectional flow wetland purification system through steel perforation top board;
Four, rainwater is in Wetland Substrate, by the absorption of porous matrix, and the absorption of the wetland plant of well developed root system, and the synergistic purification effect of the ecosystem of wetland microorganism formation realizes the abundant purification to rainwater;
Five, the unnecessary rainwater exceeding implicit ability after purification enters rain-water drainage pipe network or landscape water body through the discharge of top, over-wet land overfall, flow into the rainwater of wetland at wetland top simultaneously, hold concurrently oxygen rainwater purification and unit of regulating and storing is flowed into through bidirectional flow wetland purification system purification, realize rainwater storage and store reuse, finally achieve and all purify storing process of regulating and storing.
The utility model tool has the following advantages:
1, realize into rainwater storage and ecological purification, construction cost is low, and running cost is low, long-lasting good, and landscape effect is good;
2, clean unit of regulating and storing bottom bidirectional flow wetland designs, and extends regulating and storing and detergent power of wetland;
3, the rainwater storage ability expanded is the effective means of sponge-type urban construction;
4, structure is simple, and build flexibly, easy to maintenance, south, the north all can adopt.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the purification of High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater and implicit system drawing;
Fig. 2 is the purification of High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater and implicit system top view;
Fig. 3 is 1-1 sectional drawing;
Fig. 4 is 2-2 sectional drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the technical solution of the utility model is further described; but be not limited thereto; everyly technical solutions of the utility model are modified or equivalent to replace; and do not depart from the spirit and scope of technical solutions of the utility model, all should be encompassed in protection domain of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention one: composition graphs 1 illustrates present embodiment, the purification of High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater and system of regulating and storing remove sand drain 1, rainwater purification rubble filter tank 2 by rainwater, oxygen rainwater purification of holding concurrently forms with unit 3 of regulating and storing, bidirectional flow wetland purification system 4 four part.
Detailed description of the invention two: composition graphs 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4 illustrate present embodiment, rainwater removes sand drain 1 and comprises coarse rack 1-1, fine fack 1-2, except sand drain breast hole cover plate 1-3, coarse rack 1-1 removes sand drain 1 top water inlet an angle of 90 degrees at rainwater and installs, coarse rack 1-1 spacing 8-10mm, coarse rack area is greater than 0.5m 2, concrete data are according to Rainfall runoff, and fine fack 1-2 except installing side relative to the direction that rainwater flows into, the tilted 75 degree of angles of sand drain 1, covers rainwater purification rubble filter tank 2, bottom at rainwater.Except sand drain breast hole cover plate 1-3 is at the top of rainwater except sand drain 1, mouth width is greater than 1m, is beneficial to scarfing cinder, and it is reinforced concrete structure that rainwater removes sand drain 1.
Detailed description of the invention three: composition graphs 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4 illustrate present embodiment, rainwater purification rubble filter tank 2 is positioned at rainwater except sand drain 1 bottom, is filled to pile up to form by the rubble of particle diameter 10cm-5cm.Be the waterwall 2-1 of Concrete Filled hole formation outside it, inner side is concrete water-retaining wall 2-4, prevent rainwater from flowing out or flow directly into double oxygen rainwater purification and regulate and store unit 3, waterwall 2-1 and concrete water-retaining wall 2-4 is to effectively separate rainwater purification rubble filter tank 2 and double oxygen rainwater purification and unit 3 of regulating and storing.Rainwater flows through rubble gap, utilizes the biomembrane purification water quality formed in gap to remove fine particle thing and prevents from blocking wetland.
Detailed description of the invention four: composition graphs 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 illustrate present embodiment, hold concurrently oxygen rainwater purification and unit 3 of regulating and storing is to be bored a hole the rectangle form pool body that top board 3-3 encircles a city by base plate 3-4, concrete water-retaining wall 2-3, outside concrete water-retaining wall 3-2 and top steel, this unit utilizes concrete water-retaining wall 2-4 and outside concrete water-retaining wall 3-2 double oxygen rainwater purification and unit 3 of regulating and storing to be separated with surrounding environment, forms independently processing unit.Rainwater is flow to into double oxygen rainwater purification and unit 3 of regulating and storing by the perforate 2-3 below rainwater purification rubble filter tank 2.Load fiber carrier filler 3-1 in double oxygen rainwater purification and unit 3 of regulating and storing, fiber carrier filler 3-1 adopts wire rope to be fixed in unit, and loading density is 10%.Steel perforation top board 3-3 percent opening 70%, pore diameter 5mm, support, top bidirectional flow wetland purification system 4.Rainwater also can penetrate into double oxygen rainwater purification by bidirectional flow wetland purification system 4 and stored purification with unit 3 of regulating and storing rainy season, and form two-way water purification function, the built-in lift pump of water quality is used for rainwater reuse.
Detailed description of the invention five: composition graphs 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 illustrate present embodiment, bidirectional flow wetland purification system 4 is positioned at double oxygen rainwater purification and the top of unit 3 of regulating and storing, both the double oxygen rainwater purification of wetland bottom and unit 3 of regulating and storing can be entered by the diafiltration of wetland top, store in double oxygen rainwater purification with unit 3 of regulating and storing and purify, also can from up-flow bottom wetland through over-wet land top-side spout hole 4-3, purification overflow enters Storm Sewer Network or landscape water body, form the two-way fluidised form of rainwater, this is the hydraulic flow state that known wetland does not have.Bidirectional flow wetland purification system 4 is made up of Wetland Substrate layer 4-1 and wetland plant 4-2 two parts, wherein: Wetland Substrate layer 4-1 thickness 60cm, be divided into three layers, the cobble supporting layer of bottom layout thickness 20cm, cobble diameter 5mm-10mm, realize the homogeneous to water, reduce and wash away loss, realize even water further; Intermediate layer is the loam layer of 20cm, and particle diameter is 2mm-3mm: upper strata is the gravel topping of 20cm, and particle diameter is 5mm-10mm, is formed and up-small and down-big different of traditional Wetland Substrate, is conducive to ventilation oxygenation, protect matrix, form two-way water purification.Wetland plant 4-2 is that canna etc. views and admires water purification plant.
Technological principle:
Rainfall runoff flows into rainwater except sand drain through the purification of rainwater inflow entrance coarse rack, tiny particle is again separated through fine fack in well, rainwater is dirty enters rainwater purification rubble filter tank, conflux in bottom after filter, flow into hold concurrently oxygen rainwater purification and unit of regulating and storing, purify at double oxygen rainwater purification and the biomembrane that formed by fiberfill surface in unit of regulating and storing oxygen of holding concurrently, effective organics removal etc., up-flow enters bidirectional flow wetland purification system, by the filtration of matrix in Wetland Substrate layer, it is inner that pollutant in water body is adsorbed on Wetland Substrate layer by absorption, by the micropopulation in matrix, under the cooperation of self-ventilation oxygenating system, aerobic decomposition is carried out to pollutant, double oxygen and anaerobic environment is generally in the inside of matrix granule, bulky grain organic matter (protein is effectively decomposed under the synergy of double oxygen and anaerobic bacteria, fat, polysaccharide) enter Small molecular, by absorptions such as wetland plant cannas, Promoting plant growth.Simultaneously porous matrix and plant thereof can also heavy metals effectively in adsorbed water body.Fully purify water.Water after purification enters landscape water body through position, top overfall or rainwater collects pipe network.Rainfall runoff by bidirectional flow wetland purification system regulate and store purification after, permanently effectively can guarantee water quality, because its implicit function can alleviate flood peak, the rainwater in storage pond can reuse as greening water.So the purification of High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater and reclaiming system of regulating and storing, it is the necessary means of building sponge-type city.

Claims (8)

1. High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater purifies a reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and it is characterized in that described system by rainwater except sand drain, rainwater purification rubble filter tank, oxygen rainwater purification of holding concurrently are formed with unit of regulating and storing, bidirectional flow wetland purification system four part, wherein;
Described rainwater except sand drain comprise coarse rack, fine fack, except sand drain breast hole cover plate, coarse rack removes sand drain top water inlet an angle of 90 degrees at rainwater and installs, fine fack removes side relative to the direction that rainwater flows into, the tilted 75 degree of angles of sand drain at rainwater and installs, except sand drain breast hole cover plate is positioned at the top of rainwater except sand drain; Described coarse rack spacing 8-10mm, coarse rack area is greater than 0.5m 2;
Described rainwater purification rubble filter tank is positioned at the bottom of rainwater except sand drain, filled to pile up by rubble and form, be the waterwall that Concrete Filled hole is formed outside it, inner side is concrete water-retaining wall, and below is provided with the perforate be communicated with unit of regulating and storing with double oxygen rainwater purification; The particle diameter 10cm-5cm of described rubble;
Described double oxygen rainwater purification and unit of regulating and storing are bore a hole the rectangle form pool body that top board encircle a city by base plate, concrete water-retaining wall, outside concrete water-retaining wall and top steel, its interior filling fiber carrier filler;
Described bidirectional flow wetland purification system is positioned at double oxygen rainwater purification and the top of unit of regulating and storing, and the top-side of bidirectional flow wetland purification system has spout hole, is made up of Wetland Substrate layer and wetland plant two parts.
2. High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater according to claim 1 purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and it is characterized in that described rainwater removes sand drain is reinforced concrete structure.
3. High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater according to claim 1 purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and it is characterized in that the described sand drain breast hole cover plate mouth width that removes is greater than 1m.
4. High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater according to claim 3 purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and it is characterized in that described fiber carrier filler adopts wire rope to be fixed in unit, loading density is 10%.
5. High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater according to claim 1 purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and it is characterized in that described steel perforation openings in the ceiling rate 70%, pore diameter 5mm.
6. High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater according to claim 1 purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and it is characterized in that described Wetland Substrate layer thickness 60cm.
7. the High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater according to claim 1 or 6 purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing; it is characterized in that the bottom of described Wetland Substrate layer is the cobble supporting layer of thickness 20cm; intermediate layer is the loam layer of 20cm, and upper strata is the gravel topping of 20cm.
8. High water cut bidirectional flow sponge-type wet-land rainwater according to claim 7 purifies reclaiming system of regulating and storing, and it is characterized in that described cobble diameter 5mm-10mm, loam particle diameter is 2mm-3mm, and grain size of gravel is 5mm-10mm.
CN201520437158.5U 2015-06-24 2015-06-24 High moisture bidirectional flow sponge type wetland rainwater purifies regulation recycling system Expired - Fee Related CN204826138U (en)

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CN201520437158.5U CN204826138U (en) 2015-06-24 2015-06-24 High moisture bidirectional flow sponge type wetland rainwater purifies regulation recycling system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105621816A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-01 华南理工大学 Multi-stage city diffused pollution purifying treatment groove
CN108439606A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-08-24 山东省环科院环境工程有限公司 The processing method of flood season rainwater in a kind of subsurface flow constructed wetland system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105621816A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-01 华南理工大学 Multi-stage city diffused pollution purifying treatment groove
CN108439606A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-08-24 山东省环科院环境工程有限公司 The processing method of flood season rainwater in a kind of subsurface flow constructed wetland system

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Granted publication date: 20151202

Termination date: 20160624