CN204711265U - A kind of rail Manual damage producing device - Google Patents

A kind of rail Manual damage producing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204711265U
CN204711265U CN201520459260.5U CN201520459260U CN204711265U CN 204711265 U CN204711265 U CN 204711265U CN 201520459260 U CN201520459260 U CN 201520459260U CN 204711265 U CN204711265 U CN 204711265U
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China
Prior art keywords
rail
web
manual damage
plate
head
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CN201520459260.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张高锋
朱红军
朱海涛
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Zhuzhou CSR Times Electric Co Ltd
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Zhuzhou CSR Times Electric Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520459260.5U priority Critical patent/CN204711265U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of rail Manual damage producing device, for making the Manual damage of simulation rail head of rail core wound, device comprises: be no less than two back-up blocks providing support for rail and locate, back-up block comprises the first web, the second web, base plate further, and be oppositely arranged two blocks of side plates.First web, the second web arrange both sides between the side plates, and base plate is arranged on the bottom of the first web, the second web, side plate.Side plate is that the sidepiece of rail provides support, and the top profile of side plate matches with the sidepiece profile of rail, makes the rail head side of rail be parallel to horizontal plane.When the utility model can solve and adopt existing mode to make rail Manual damage, operating process very complicated, hurt precision are difficult to ensure, cannot meet the technical problem of the crank detection test test request of rail-defect detector car.

Description

A kind of rail Manual damage producing device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of test tool, especially relates to one and is applied to manual manufacture rail defects and failures, in particular for making the drilling equipment of simulation rail head core wound.
Background technology
The rating test of rail-defect detector car carries out carrying out flaw detection on test circuit, debugs fault detection system by repeatedly detecting Manual damage, debugs out fault detection system Supreme Procuratorate go out rate and minimum rate of false alarm with this.If Manual damage error is very large, just accurately can not reflects the actual detection perform of carrying out flaw detection system, more cannot be optimized debugging to detection system.So demarcate the Manual damage precision of circuit rail to carrying out flaw detection system important in inhibiting, a set of to ensure that hurt makes the rating test of frock to whole inspection car of precision significant.
" large-scale ultrasonic rail inspection car " (GB/T28246-2012) dynamic test circuit to inspection car proposes clear and definite regulation, require the rail must laid in test circuit containing Manual damage, and the size of hurt, position, angle, the laying order of hindering rail are proposed and explicitly called for, to ensure the demarcation effect of fault detection system in the test of inspection car carrying out flaw detection.
The making of prior art to rail Manual damage needs the precision of special professional equipment guarantee hurt, to check the carrying out flaw detection ability of rail-defect detector car.At present, the domestic complete professional auxiliary equipment also not occurring according to above-mentioned standard, Manual damage being made, and the easy instruments such as electric hand drill can only be relied on to carry out manually holing to do hindering.The method not only process very complicated of hindering is done in artificial boring, and what is more important cannot ensure the precision that hurt makes, thus can not meet the crank detection test test request of rail-defect detector car.
Utility model content
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of rail Manual damage producing device, can overcome and adopt existing mode when making rail Manual damage, hurt precision is difficult to ensure, cannot meet the technical problem of the crank detection test test request of rail-defect detector car.
In order to realize above-mentioned utility model object, the utility model specifically provides a kind of technic relization scheme of rail Manual damage producing device, rail Manual damage producing device, for making the Manual damage of simulation rail head of rail core wound, described device comprises: be no less than two back-up blocks providing support for described rail and locate, described back-up block comprises the first web, the second web, base plate further, and be oppositely arranged two blocks of side plates.Described first web, the second web are arranged on the both sides between described side plate, and described base plate is arranged on the bottom of described first web, the second web, side plate.Described side plate is that the sidepiece of described rail provides support, and the top profile of described side plate matches with the sidepiece profile of described rail, makes the rail head side of described rail be parallel to horizontal plane.
Preferably, described first web is arranged near the rail head of described rail, and described second web is arranged near the flange of rail of described rail.
Preferably, described device also comprise for described rail is turned over rail operation turn over rail crowbar, described first web higher than described second web, described first web for described in turn over rail crowbar turn over rail operation provide support.
Preferably, described device also comprises drilling machine rail being carried out to drilling operation, the drill bit of described drilling machine perpendicular to the side of described rail, for processing the straight hole parallel with the rail head cross-section of described rail.
Preferably, described side plate is provided with hole for hoist, described hole for hoist can also realize the loss of weight of described device while providing Hoisting Position for described device.
Preferably, described device also comprises for described drilling machine provides the cushion block of inclined shore, and described cushion block is arranged on the bottom of described drilling machine, makes the rail head side of the drill bit of described drilling machine and described rail be certain angle of inclination.
Preferably, the angle of inclination of described cushion block is 17.5 °, is the inclined hole of 17.5 ° of angles for processing with the rail head cross-section of described rail.
Preferably, described device comprises two back-up blocks, and described drilling machine is arranged between two described back-up blocks.
By implementing the technical scheme of the rail Manual damage producing device that above-mentioned the utility model provides, there is following beneficial effect:
(1) the utility model mentality of designing is ingenious, simple and practical, with low cost;
(2) the utility model benchmark is with reference to accurately, effectively ensure that the hurt specified in GB makes precision, can meet the test request of rail-defect detector car crank detection test well.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below.Apparently, the accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiments more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, can also obtain other embodiment according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the horizontal section structural representation of the first the rail Manual damage utilizing the utility model to make;
Fig. 2 is the horizontal section structural representation of the second rail Manual damage utilizing the utility model to make;
Fig. 3 is the horizontal section structural representation of the third rail Manual damage utilizing the utility model to make;
Fig. 4 is the horizontal section structural representation of the 4th kind of rail Manual damage utilizing the utility model to make;
Fig. 5 is the longitudinal profile structural representation of the 4th kind of rail Manual damage utilizing the utility model to make;
Fig. 6 is the cross-sectional view of a kind of detailed description of the invention of the utility model rail Manual damage producing device;
Fig. 7 is the perspective view of the another kind of detailed description of the invention of the utility model rail Manual damage producing device;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of cushion block in the utility model rail Manual damage producing device;
Fig. 9 is the perspective view of the third detailed description of the invention of the utility model rail Manual damage producing device;
In figure: 1-back-up block, 2-side plate, 3-first web, 4-second web, 5-base plate, 6-hole for hoist, 7-turns over rail crowbar, 8-drilling machine, 9-cushion block, 10-rail, 20-Manual damage.
Detailed description of the invention
For the purpose of quoting and know, by the technical term hereinafter used, write a Chinese character in simplified form or abridge and be described below:
Demarcate: i.e. the carrying out flaw detection system of rail-defect detector car detection experiment that standard hurt is carried out;
Dynamic test: the carrying out flaw detection test that rail-defect detector car runs with certain speed;
Rail head: the contact of rail and wheel carries position;
The flange of rail: the carrying position of rail and earth surface;
The web of the rail: the carrying position of rail head and the flange of rail;
Core is hindered: be a kind of fine cracks originating from rail head inside, the very complicated combined stree that rail head inside below rail rail level occurs, make fine cracks nucleation before this, then develop to rail head surrounding, until core wound steel material is around not enough to provide enough opposings, rail finally will suddenly fracture when having no omen;
Hinder rail: finish the rail after Manual damage.
For making the object of the utility model embodiment, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, clear, complete description is carried out to the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment.Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present utility model, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making other embodiments all obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
As shown in accompanying drawing 6 to accompanying drawing 9, give the specific embodiment of the utility model rail Manual damage producing device, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in accompanying drawing 1 to accompanying drawing 5, the structural representation of the Manual damage 20 of four kinds of rail 10 that the rail Manual damage producing device described for utilizing the utility model specific embodiment makes.Rail 10 is divided into rail head, the web of the rail and the flange of rail three positions usually as illustrated in the drawing, and the rail head position of rail 10 is provided with dissimilar Manual damage 20.According to the regulation in " large-scale ultrasonic rail inspection car " (GB/T28246-2012), rail head core wound is the important hurt type of one of Manual damage simulation.As shown in accompanying drawing 1 to accompanying drawing 4, be respectively the rail head cross-section structural representation with four kinds of dissimilar Manual damages 20, wherein the core wound of rail head is divided into again the hole being parallel to rail head cross-section, and becomes the hole of 17.5 ° of angles with rail head cross-section.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 6, a kind of specific embodiment of rail Manual damage producing device, for making the Manual damage 20 of simulation rail 10 rail head core wound, rail Manual damage producing device comprises: be no less than two back-up blocks 1 providing support for rail 10 and locate.Back-up block 1 comprises the first web 3, second web 4, base plate 5 further, and be oppositely arranged two blocks of side plates 2.First web 3, second web 4 is arranged on the both sides between side plate 2, and base plate 5 is arranged on the bottom of the first web 3, second web 4, side plate 2.Side plate 2 is that the sidepiece of rail 10 provides support, and the top profile of side plate 2 matches with the sidepiece profile of rail 10, makes the rail head side of rail 10 be parallel to horizontal plane.
As shown in Figure 6, the first web 3 is arranged near the rail head of rail 10, and the second web 4 is arranged near the flange of rail of rail 10.Rail Manual damage producing device also comprise further for rail 10 is turned over rail operation turn over rail crowbar 7, first web 3 higher than the second web 4, first web 3 for turn over rail crowbar 7 turn over rail operation provide support position.Side plate 2 is provided with hole for hoist 6, hole for hoist 6 can also the loss of weight of implement device while providing Hoisting Position for device.
As shown in Figure 7, as the utility model one preferably specific embodiment, rail Manual damage producing device also comprises the drilling machine 8 rail 10 being carried out to drilling operation further, the drill bit of drilling machine 8 perpendicular to the side of rail 10, for processing the straight hole parallel with the rail head cross-section of rail 10.As a kind of typical specific embodiment of the utility model, rail Manual damage producing device comprises two back-up blocks 1 further, and drilling machine 8 is arranged between two back-up blocks 1 further.
When the rail Manual damage producing device (straight hole frock) utilizing embodiment 1 to describe operates, first the rail 10 of standard 60kg/m is sidelong on back-up block 1, back-up block 1 ensures parallel with the placed side of drilling machine 8 by angel measuring instrument, vertical with the drill bit direction of the rail head side with drilling machine 8 that ensure rail 10, can ensure that the doing of four kinds of rail head core wounds as shown in accompanying drawing 1 to accompanying drawing 5 hinders requirement like this.In addition, turn over rail operational sequence in order to what further consider field operation, the rail Manual damage producing device that embodiment 1 describes also devises further and turns over for what turn over rail crowbar 7 the first web 3 that rail operation provides support position.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 8, the specific embodiment of another kind of rail Manual damage producing device, on the basis of previous embodiment 1, rail Manual damage producing device also comprises for drilling machine 8 provides the cushion block 9 of inclined shore further, cushion block 9 is arranged on the bottom of drilling machine 8, makes the rail head side of the drill bit of drilling machine 8 and rail 10 be certain angle of inclination.The angle of inclination of cushion block 9 is 17.5 °, is the inclined hole of 17.5 ° of angles for processing with the rail head cross-section of rail 10.
As shown in Figure 9, for for the flange of rail being parallel to rail 10, and become the rail Manual damage producing device (inclined hole frock) of the Manual damage 20 of 17.5 ° of angles with the rail head cross-section of rail 10.When the rail Manual damage producing device utilizing embodiment 2 to describe operates, due to drilling machine 8 can only vertically with place datum level operation, so while keeping flat rail 10, drilling machine 8 must tilt with 17.5 degree.Now, ensured parallel between back-up block 1 and the holding plane of cushion block 9 by angel measuring instrument, and rail 10 to be sidelong on back-up block 1 and to be parallel to the holding plane of back-up block 1, the bottom of drilling machine 8 ensures the reference for installation face tilt 17.5 ° of drilling machine 8 by increasing cushion block 9, so both ensure that doing of rail 10 Manual damage 20 hinders position, meet again the angle requirement of Manual damage 20.
By implementing the technical scheme of the rail Manual damage producing device that the utility model specific embodiment describes, following technique effect can be produced:
(1) the rail Manual damage producing device mentality of designing of the utility model specific embodiment description is ingenious, simple and practical, with low cost;
(2) the rail Manual damage producing device benchmark of the utility model specific embodiment description is with reference to accurately, effectively ensure that the hurt specified in GB makes precision, can meet the test request of rail-defect detector car crank detection test well.
In this description, each embodiment adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and what each embodiment stressed is the difference with other embodiments, between each embodiment identical similar portion mutually see.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not does any pro forma restriction to the utility model.Although the utility model discloses as above with preferred embodiment, but and be not used to limit the utility model.Any those of ordinary skill in the art, when not departing from Spirit Essence of the present utility model and technical scheme, the Method and Technology content of above-mentioned announcement all can be utilized to make many possible variations and modification to technical solutions of the utility model, or be revised as the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations.Therefore, every content not departing from technical solutions of the utility model, according to technical spirit of the present utility model to any simple modification made for any of the above embodiments, equivalent replacement, equivalence change and modification, all still belongs to the scope of technical solutions of the utility model protection.

Claims (8)

1. a rail Manual damage producing device, for making the Manual damage (20) of simulation rail (10) rail head core wound, it is characterized in that, described device comprises: be no less than two back-up blocks (1) providing support for described rail (10) and locate, described back-up block (1) comprises the first web (3), the second web (4), base plate (5) further, and be oppositely arranged two pieces of side plates (2); Described first web (3), the second web (4) are arranged on the both sides between described side plate (2), and described base plate (5) is arranged on the bottom of described first web (3), the second web (4), side plate (2); Described side plate (2) provides support for the sidepiece of described rail (10), the top profile of described side plate (2) matches with the sidepiece profile of described rail (10), makes the rail head side of described rail (10) be parallel to horizontal plane.
2. rail Manual damage producing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first web (3) is arranged near the rail head of described rail (10), described second web (4) is arranged near the flange of rail of described rail (10).
3. rail Manual damage producing device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described device also comprise for described rail (10) is turned over rail operation turn over rail crowbar (7), described first web (3) higher than described second web (4), described first web (3) for described in turn over rail crowbar (7) turn over rail operation provide support.
4. rail Manual damage producing device according to any one of claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: described device also comprises the drilling machine (8) rail (10) being carried out to drilling operation, the drill bit of described drilling machine (8) perpendicular to the side of described rail (10), for the straight hole that processing is parallel with the rail head cross-section of described rail (10).
5. rail Manual damage producing device according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described side plate (2) is provided with hole for hoist (6), described hole for hoist (6) can also realize the loss of weight of described device while providing Hoisting Position for described device.
6. rail Manual damage producing device according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described device also comprises for described drilling machine (8) provides the cushion block (9) of inclined shore, described cushion block (9) is arranged on the bottom of described drilling machine (8), makes the rail head side of the drill bit of described drilling machine (8) and described rail (10) be certain angle of inclination.
7. rail Manual damage producing device according to claim 6, is characterized in that: the angle of inclination of described cushion block (9) is 17.5 °, is the inclined hole of 17.5 ° of angles for processing and the rail head cross-section of described rail (10).
8. the rail Manual damage producing device according to any one of claim 5,6 or 7, it is characterized in that: described device comprises two back-up blocks (1), described drilling machine (8) is arranged between two described back-up blocks (1).
CN201520459260.5U 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 A kind of rail Manual damage producing device Active CN204711265U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520459260.5U CN204711265U (en) 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 A kind of rail Manual damage producing device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105522194A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-04-27 苏州大器精密机械有限公司 Tilting-pad overturning type drill jig
CN108318588A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-24 株洲时代电子技术有限公司 A kind of rail examination verification method
CN110814396A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-21 中石化四机石油机械有限公司 Machining method of arc-shaped groove based on conical surface

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105522194A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-04-27 苏州大器精密机械有限公司 Tilting-pad overturning type drill jig
CN108318588A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-24 株洲时代电子技术有限公司 A kind of rail examination verification method
CN110814396A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-21 中石化四机石油机械有限公司 Machining method of arc-shaped groove based on conical surface

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