CN204593465U - Multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove - Google Patents

Multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204593465U
CN204593465U CN201520214350.8U CN201520214350U CN204593465U CN 204593465 U CN204593465 U CN 204593465U CN 201520214350 U CN201520214350 U CN 201520214350U CN 204593465 U CN204593465 U CN 204593465U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
burner hearth
framework
feed bin
friendly stove
combustion environmental
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CN201520214350.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万长江
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Beijing micro fuel technology Co., Ltd
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Nanjing Lu Hai Automation Equipment Engineering Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove, there is base and be arranged on the framework on base, the upper surface of framework is provided with cover plate, cover plate is provided with at least one cooking range mouth and at least one reinforced Hatch Opening, part that reinforced Hatch Opening extends downwards forms feed bin, and cooking range mouth is formed through burner hearth to the part of downward-extension and feed bin; Between burner hearth and cooking range mouth, be provided with the air distribution cover air inlet under being tilted to, by air distribution cover air inlet, new wind inputted in described burner hearth; High-temperature flue gas outlet is provided with in the upper end of burner hearth; Smokejack extend to from top to bottom be in the frame arranged on framework lower end and be positioned at the dust processor of discharge flue, smokejack exports with high-temperature flue gas and is connected; Dust processor communicates with smoke exhaust pipe, and the flue dust after process is discharged along the smoke evacuation mouth of pipe of smoke exhaust pipe from the cover plate being arranged on framework; Burner hearth bottom is provided with mobilizable base fire grate and two open air door, has insulating space between base fire grate and two open air door.

Description

Multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to environmental protection and energy saving technical field and stove and accessory technical field, especially relates to a kind of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove being applicable to rural market.
Background technology
Small Combustion stove common on current rural market, main finger biomass combustion furnace and coal incinerators two kinds, mostly be the negative pressure stove and accessory of simple function, biomass stove is only applicable to family's cooking because burning time is short, fuel consumption is large, cost is high, because of its limited use, although smoke exhaust effect is more much better than coal-fired, only account for about 5 percent of the stove and accessory market share according to statistics.And coal furnace is based on negative pressure stove, the defect of negative pressure stove is that fire box temperature is low, high fume temperature, burn insufficient, slag is many, namely not energy-conservation, again not environmentally, adopt pressure combustion civil combustion furnace tool also ubiquity similar problem, sum up get up to have following 4 points:
1. the heat exchanging part of heating stove is substantially all fixing welding water pipe, fire-tube type heat exchange structure, and its heat-transfer surface is little, and volume is large, and energy consumption is large, and the thermal efficiency is low, and energy-saving effect is poor, and occur fouling, leakage problems cleaning, maintenance difficult, service life is short.
2. burner hearth is not general, biomass stove can only burn biomass fuel can not burn coal, one coal-fired stove is just bad, coal-fired stove can only burn coal can not burn living beings or burn bituminous coal can not burn moulded coal, that burns moulded coal can not burn bituminous coal, and stove and accessory fuel is not general, and often a family farmers' will prepare the stove that more than two use different fuel, i.e. occupation of land side but also increase cost, uses very inconvenient.
3. stove function is single, energy waste, and the stove and accessory of heating can not cooking, cooking can not heat or have domestic hot-water can not being provided or meeting power failure cisco unity malfunction of cooking and heating, night is without illumination etc.
4. coal stove does not possess the environment-friendly function of desulphurization and denitration, dedusting, with a large amount of flue gas pollutant discharge beyond standards during owing to burning, has become the important pollution sources of haze weather during some areas particularly heat supply in winter.
Therefore, break through and perplex for a long time always, restrict civil small-scale coal stove industry development bottleneck, develop a kind of multi fuel that can use not only energy-conservation but also the multipurpose combustion stove of environmental protection is imperative.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide that a kind of heat exchange efficiency is high, scientific and reasonable for structure, the multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove of sufficient combustion, fuel saving.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is, a kind of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove, include base and be arranged on the framework on base, the upper surface of described framework is provided with cover plate, described cover plate is provided with at least one cooking range mouth and at least one reinforced Hatch Opening, and the part that described reinforced Hatch Opening extends downwards forms feed bin, described cooking range mouth is formed through burner hearth to the part of downward-extension and described feed bin, and described burner hearth is positioned at framework; Between described burner hearth and described cooking range mouth, be provided with the air distribution cover air inlet under being tilted to, by air distribution cover air inlet, new wind inputted in described burner hearth; High-temperature flue gas outlet is provided with in the upper end of described burner hearth; Described smokejack extend to from top to bottom in described framework be arranged on described framework lower end and be positioned at the dust processor of discharge flue, described smokejack exports with described high-temperature flue gas and is connected; Described dust processor communicates with smoke exhaust pipe, and the clean flue dust after process is discharged from the smoke evacuation mouth of pipe be arranged on described cover plate along described smoke exhaust pipe; Described burner hearth bottom is provided with mobilizable base fire grate and two open air door, has insulating space between described base fire grate and two open air door.
In technique scheme, described cooking range mouth is formed through burner hearth to the part of downward-extension and described feed bin, described burner hearth is positioned at framework, adopt this frame mode make feed bin and burner hearth through, high temperature hot gas in burner hearth can rise to reinforced Hatch Opening along feed bin, its Advantageous Effects produced is that charge door is not only to feed in raw material, but also may be used for the insulation of dish, soup and other edible article, the upper end of burner hearth and described cooking range mouth place is provided with the air distribution cover air inlet under being tilted to, by air distribution cover air inlet, new wind is inputted in described burner hearth, described burner hearth bottom is provided with mobilizable base fire grate and two open air door, between described base fire grate and two open air door, there is insulating space, like this, the new wind of coming in from the air distribution cover air inlet of burner hearth upper end becomes from top to bottom rotary combustion air-flow at freeze profile, realize malleation high-temp combustion, make the fuel combustion in burner hearth abundant, improve efficiency of combustion, process flue gas pollutant, simultaneously, adopt this structure, no matter be living beings, or coal can use as fuel, high-temperature flue gas outlet is provided with in the upper end of described burner hearth, described smokejack extends to from top to bottom and is arranged on described framework lower end in described framework, and be positioned at the dust processor of discharge flue, described smokejack exports with described high-temperature flue gas and is connected, the high-temperature flue gas produced that burns is walked from top to bottom in framework, like this, the bulky grain contained in flue gas can directly fall into dust processor due to Action of Gravity Field, and fine particle in flue gas can with the water smoke mixed precipitation that produces in discharge flue in dust processor, by process after exhaust gas dust be substantially reach clean environment firendly discharge, low temperature is dustless, because described dust processor communicates with smoke exhaust pipe, clean flue dust after process is discharged from the smoke evacuation mouth of pipe be arranged on described cover plate along described smoke exhaust pipe, this structure is adopted to discharge flue gas, extend flue gas distance in the frame as much as possible, make its heat loss slower, heat in flue gas also major part is deposited in framework, and heat exchange efficiency is high, further, described burner hearth bottom is provided with mobilizable base fire grate and two open air door, between described base fire grate and two open air door, there is insulating space, first by arranging base fire grate and two open air door, the bottom of burner hearth is made to be in closed state when burning, ensure that the pressure combustion of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove, secondly, between base fire grate and two open air door, there is insulating space, and when needs are cleared up slag, multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove easily two open air door opened or closed, even if also can use under negative pressure state.
Further improvement is, is provided with moveable heat exchanger in described framework; Described smokejack is positioned at described heat exchanger, and communicates with discharge flue; The lower end of described heat exchanger is provided with heat exchanger water return outlet, and upper end is provided with heat exchanger delivery port.
Be provided with heat exchanger, and smokejack is positioned at described heat exchanger, communicate with discharge flue, concrete heat exchanger structure can be, comprises inner housing and shell body, is walk water channel between inner housing and shell body, centre is smokejack, high-temperature flue gas by during smokejack with walk the water flowed in water channel and carry out heat exchange, the flue gas reducing temperature is discharged from smoke exhaust pipe, enters discharge flue; The hot water that heating improves temperature is recycled by the input of heat exchanger water return outlet by after heat exchanger delivery port output circulation again.
Further improvement is, described heat exchanger adopts plate-type heat exchange structure, and described heat exchanger is provided with away water channel; And at described smokejack and describedly walk to be provided with between water channel circular heat accumulation rod.
Described heat exchanger adopts plate-type heat exchange structure, and in heat exchanger smokejack and walk between water channel to be provided with circular heat accumulation rod, adopt such structure, increase the area of high-temperature flue gas and water coke slurry heat in heat exchanger, extend heat-exchange time, heat exchange efficiency is higher.
Further improvement is, described air distribution cover air inlet is arranged on air distribution cover, and described air distribution cover is between described burner hearth and described cooking range mouth; Base air inlet is provided with at described insulating space; Feed bin air inlet is provided with between described feed bin and described reinforced Hatch Opening; This multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with air volume distributor, and new wind enters described air distribution cover, described base air inlet and described feed bin air inlet respectively by described air volume distributor and inputs in described burner hearth, described feed bin and described insulating space.
By air volume distributor, new wind is inputted described burner hearth, in feed bin and be positioned at the insulating space of base, make new wind not only can enter burner hearth, and feed bin and base insulating space can be entered, the size of air quantity can be regulated by air volume distributor, its Advantageous Effects produced is, under rational air distribution effect, the sulfide gas that coal fuel (or other fuel) produces during preheating in feed bin, be introduced into burner hearth and become high temperature mixed combustion with the new wind that air distribution cover air inlet and insulating space enter at freeze profile, the calcium oxide that sulfide gas and burner hearth coal combustion produce at high temperature reacts generation calcium sulfate, thus play the effect of solid sulphur desulfurization, decrease sulfur content in flue gas, multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove desulfurizing function is made to obtain further strengthening.
Further improvement is, the lower end of described feed bin also has an inclined-plane, and the upper end on described inclined-plane is the barrel of described feed bin; The inclination angle on described inclined-plane is greater than 55 degree, the effect on inclined-plane is set, first is make the fuel joined in feed bin slowly to slip in burner hearth, can not impact the comburant of burner hearth bottom makes dust raise up, second due to the effect on inclined-plane, the new wind of coming in from feed bin forms Cross Wind Force on inclined-plane, and then becomes mixed combustion air-flow at freeze profile, can improve the efficiency of combustion of fuel further.
Further improvement is, described base fire grate is connected with the rotating handles of its activity of control, and described rotating handles is positioned at outside the panel of described framework; Described base fire grate and two open air door can synchronously be opened by described rotating handles; Described base fire grate is also provided with a self-locking device, and two open air door can be worked independently.
Adopt rotating handles to control base fire grate, rotating handles is positioned at outside described framework, handled easily; Base fire grate is also provided with a self-locking device, when the two open air door of needs works independently, starts self-locking device; Two open air door can with base fire grate cooperating, when rotating handles rotates, two open air door is opened by base fire grate synchronous axial system, and when rotating handles revolution resets, two open air door is closed.
Further improvement is, this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with plane heat dump and annular heat-absorbing device, and water at low temperature changes into hot water via the water inlet pipe be arranged on framework and exported by hot water outlet after described plane heat dump and annular heat-absorbing device.
Annular heat-absorbing device to be arranged in framework upper end around or near cooking range mouth and charge door, plane heat dump is positioned at the front of framework, water at low temperature is absorbed heat by water inlet pipe and plane heat dump and annular heat-absorbing device and forms hot water, exported by hot water outlet again, such structure, radiations heat energy multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove being burnt produce is by basic absorption, and the temperature of framework is also close to normal temperature, security is guaranteed, and can not scald because of unmindful touching.
Further improvement is, the exit of described burner hearth is provided with a heat gathering tube device, and its effect improves furnace exit temperature, reduces the oxygen content in furnace outlet high-temperature flue gas, the bond of nitrogen oxide is reduced, thus plays the effect of denitration.
Further improvement is, this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with electric organ, and described electric organ adopts thermoelectric generator; Described electric organ is arranged in described framework, and around the outside being positioned at described burner hearth and described feed bin; In described framework, be vertically installed with pull bar lamp, its telescopic mouth is arranged on described cover plate.
Electric organ is adopted and is arranged in this way, takes full advantage of the temperature difference effect of each position in framework, can more effectively generate electricity; Pull bar lamp may be used for illumination, and power supply directly adopts the power supply of electric organ, and adopts telescopic pull bar lamp, and used time contracting is not in cover plate, pulls out during use.
Further improvement is, this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with controller, and this controller can control described gas-distributing fan rotating speed; The power input line of described controller connects described electric organ or external power supply; Described controller has the display unit demonstrating coolant-temperature gage, environment temperature, also has the switch of this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly furnaceman's operation mode change-over switch and described pull bar lamp.
The power supply of controller is provided by electric organ or external power supply, directly can control this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove air inlet air force, and adjustment firepower size, demonstrates coolant-temperature gage, environment temperature, transformation working pattern and key lamp; Gas-distributing fan is responsible for carrying new wind.
Accompanying drawing explanation
below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in further detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the front view of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view (A-A) of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove;
Fig. 3 is the sectional view (B-B) of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove;
Fig. 4 is the rearview of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove;
Fig. 5 is the top view of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove;
Fig. 6 is the stereogram of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove;
Wherein: 1-base, 2-framework, 3-panel, 4, 5-side plate, 6-cover plate, 7-electric organ, 8-pull bar lamp, 9-burner hearth, 10-burner hearth is suitable for reading, 11-burner hearth end opening, 12, 13-feed bin, 14, 15-barrel, 16, 17-feed bin air inlet, 18-pallet, 19-base fire grate, 20-rotating handles, the two open air door of 21-, 22-ash discharge drawer, 23-cooking range cylinder, 24-cooking exhaust opening, 25-high-temperature flue gas exports, 26-gas-distributing fan, 27-air distribution cover, 28-air distribution cover air inlet, 29-base air inlet, 30-air volume distributor, 31-aid distributing pipe, 32-heat exchanger, 33-heat exchanger smoke inlet, 34-exchanging air exhanst gas outlet, 35-heat exchanger delivery port, 36-heat exchanger water return outlet, 37-blast pipe, 38-discharge flue, 39, 40-smoke exhaust pipe, 41-plane heat dump, 42-annular heat-absorbing device, 43-water inlet pipe, 44-hot water outlet, 45-dust processor, 46-controller, 47-cooking range mouth, 48, 49-feeds in raw material Hatch Opening, 50-insulating space, 51, 52-inclined-plane.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to understand the utility model better relative to the improvement done by prior art, respectively detailed description is made to this detailed description of the invention of the present utility model below.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, it is the schematic diagram of the multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove of the utility model embodiment, the framework 2 that this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove includes base 1 and is arranged on base 1, the upper surface of described framework 2 is provided with cover plate 6, described cover plate 6 is provided with a cooking range mouth 47 and two reinforced Hatch Openings 48, 49, split the both sides at cooking range mouth 47, reinforced Hatch Opening 48, 49 all form feed bin 12 to the part of downward-extension respectively, 13, described cooking range mouth 47 is to the part of downward-extension and described feed bin 12, 13 are formed through burner hearth 9, described burner hearth 9 is positioned at framework 2, the air distribution cover air inlet 28(be provided with between described burner hearth 9 and described cooking range mouth 47 under being tilted to refers to accompanying drawing 3), by air distribution cover air inlet 28, new wind is inputted in described burner hearth 9, high-temperature flue gas outlet 25 is provided with in the upper end of described burner hearth 9, described smokejack extend to from top to bottom in described framework 2 be arranged on described framework 2 lower end and be positioned at the dust processor 45 of discharge flue 38, described smokejack and described high-temperature flue gas export 25 and are connected, described dust processor 45 communicates with smoke exhaust pipe 39,40, and the clean flue dust after process is discharged from the smoke evacuation mouth of pipe be arranged on described cover plate 6 along described smoke exhaust pipe 39,40, be provided with mobilizable base fire grate 19 and two open air door 21 bottom described burner hearth 9, between described base fire grate 19 and two open air door 21, there is insulating space 50.
As shown in Figure 3,4, moveable heat exchanger 32 is provided with in described framework 2; Described smokejack is positioned at described heat exchanger 32, and communicates with discharge flue 38; The lower end of described heat exchanger 32 is provided with heat exchanger water return outlet 36, and upper end is provided with heat exchanger delivery port 35, and from Fig. 3, we can also see, described heat exchanger 32 adopts plate-type heat exchange structure, and described heat exchanger 32 is provided with away water channel; And at described smokejack and describedly walk to be provided with between water channel circular heat accumulation rod.
Described air distribution cover air inlet 28 is arranged on air distribution cover 27, and described air distribution cover 27 is between described burner hearth 9 and described cooking range mouth 24; Base air inlet 29 is provided with at described insulating space 50; Feed bin air inlet 16,17 is provided with between described feed bin 12,13 and described reinforced Hatch Opening 48,49; This multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with air volume distributor 30, and new wind is entered in the input of described air distribution cover 27, described base air inlet 29 and described feed bin air inlet 16,17 described burner hearth 9, described feed bin 12,13 and described insulating space 50 respectively by described air volume distributor 30.
From Fig. 3, can be clearly seen that the multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove in the present embodiment, also there is in the lower end of feed bin 12,13 inclined-plane 51,52, the upper end on described inclined-plane 51,52 is barrels 14,15 of described feed bin 12,13, and barrel 14,15 is also respectively arranged with feed bin air inlet 16,17(in detail as shown in Figure 2); The inclination angle on described inclined-plane 51,52 is greater than 55 degree.
In Fig. 1,3, described base fire grate 19 is connected with the rotating handles 20 of its activity of control, and described rotating handles 20 is positioned at outside the panel 3 of described framework 2; Described base fire grate 19 and two open air door 21 can synchronously be opened by described rotating handles 20; Described base fire grate 19 is also provided with a self-locking device, and two open air door 21 can be worked independently.
This multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with plane heat dump 41 and annular heat-absorbing device 42, and water at low temperature changes into hot water by the water inlet pipe 43 arranged on the frame 2 and exported by hot water outlet 44 after described plane heat dump 41 and annular heat-absorbing device 42.
In the present embodiment, the exit of described burner hearth 9 is provided with a heat gathering tube device, and as shown in Figure 3, this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with electric organ 7, and described electric organ 7 adopts thermoelectric generator; Described electric organ 7 is arranged in described framework 2, and is positioned at the outside of described burner hearth 9 and described feed bin 12,13 around; In described framework 2, be vertically installed with pull bar lamp 8, its telescopic mouth is arranged on described cover plate 6.
This multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with controller 46, and this controller 46 can control the rotating speed of gas-distributing fan 26; The power supply of described controller 46 is inputted by described electric organ 7 or external power supply; Described controller 46 has the display unit demonstrating coolant-temperature gage, environment temperature, also has the switch of this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly furnaceman's operation mode change-over switch and described pull bar lamp 8.
For the present embodiment, more specifically structure and occupation mode have: at the front installation panel 3 of framework 2, panel 3 is provided with ash discharge drawer 22, rotating handles 20, gas-distributing fan 26 and controller 46, in the both sides of framework 2, side plate 4 is installed, 5, at side plate 4, the import and export of dust processor 45 are provided with below 5, in the upper surface of framework 2, cover plate 6 is installed, the plane of cover plate 6 is provided with reinforced Hatch Opening 48, 49, cooking range mouth 47, cooking range cylinder 23 is between burner hearth 9 and cooking range mouth 47, cover plate 6 is also provided with smoke exhaust pipe 39, the outlet of 40 and the telescopic mouth of heat exchanger exhaust outlet 37 and pull bar lamp 8.
Cooking range cylinder 23 is arranged on burner hearth 9, and is positioned at the top of air distribution cover 27, is connected with air distribution cover 27; Cooking range mouth 47 on cooking range cylinder 23 is located on cover plate 6, for cooking function, cooking range cylinder 23 is provided with cooking exhaust opening 24 and is connected by threeway with smoke exhaust pipe 39,40, when facilitating cooking by flue gas from smoke exhaust pipe 39,40 discharge chamber.
Hot water outlet 44 is arranged on the position above the rear right side of framework 2, water inlet 43 is located at below, for connecting water inlet to plane heat dump 41, annular heat-absorbing device 42 and output domestic hot-water, feed bin 12,13 is arranged on the both sides of burner hearth 9, barrel 14,15 is provided with and cooking range cylinder 23 is symmetrical arranged on feed bin 12,13, be that the passage of fuel investment and boot process are given up the place of flue gas, to the mixed combustion process of useless flue gas, there is important function.
The dust processor 45 of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is rectangle, bottom is provided with pulley, be arranged in the discharge flue 38 below heat exchanger exhanst gas outlet 34, discharge flue 38 is enclosed channel, top middle opening and heat exchanger exhanst gas outlet 34 are connected, top, two ends and smoke exhaust pipe 39, 40 through connections, bulky grain thing in use in flue gas directly falls into dust processor 45 from heat exchanger exhanst gas outlet 34, other fine solid particle thing and water smoke hybrid filtering precipitate the effect reaching dedusting in a reservoir, the stainless steel filter screen pocket that one is less than container is provided with in container, regularly sediment can be taken out cleaning.
Gas-distributing fan 26 is arranged on the panel 3 of framework 2, air distribution cover 27 is arranged on the formation overall structure that is connected with burner hearth 9 of burner hearth suitable for reading 10 above, new wind to be delivered in air distribution cover air inlet 28 and base air inlet 29 and feed bin air inlet 16,17 by air volume distributor 30 and aid distributing pipe 31 by gas-distributing fan 26, mixed combustion swirling eddy is formed in burner hearth 9, the size of combusting firepower is regulated and controled by controller 46, to realize the oxygen supply air quantity needed for burner hearth fuel combustion.
Base fire grate 19 and two open air door 21 and the ash discharge drawer 22 of the multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove in the present embodiment, be arranged in the lower base 1 of burner hearth end opening 11; Base fire grate 19 is used for support burner hearth fuel, with two open air door 21 and ash discharge drawer 22 with the use of, to ensure that stove and accessory does not leak out and opens air door flexibly when clearing up slag when normal combustion, facilitate the cleaning of slag.
The electric organ 7 of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is the inside being arranged on framework 2 by thermo-electric generation sheet after technical finesse, the outside of burner hearth 9 and feed bin 12,13 are around, its Main Function is gas-distributing fan 26, pull bar lamp 8, controller 46 provides uninterrupted power source, to ensure normal work when stove and accessory has a power failure.
Burner hearth 9 is connected by burner hearth end opening 11 and pallet 18 and forms overall structure with base 1, fuel is by barrel 14, 15 add feed bin 12, 13, fuel is Thorough combustion in burner hearth 9, feed bin 12 in combustion, the fuel added in 13 moves in burner hearth 9 because inclination angle of inclined plane is natural under fuel Action of Gravity Field, the speed of movement depends on the speed of burning, the flue gas of burning in burner hearth 9 enters heat exchange smoke inlet 33 from high-temperature flue gas outlet 25, enter the smokejack in heat exchanger 32 again, cigarette hydrothermal exchange is carried out with the water walked in water channel in heat exchanger 32, the flue gas reducing temperature after heat exchange from heat exchanger exhanst gas outlet 34 through discharge flue 38, enter smoke exhaust pipe 39, 40 get rid of, export high-temperature-hot-water by the heat exchanger delivery port 35 on heat exchanger 32 during heating and input to heat exchanger 32 again by heat exchanger water return outlet 36 after heat radiation, one-in-and-one-out recycles, heating circulation adopts Natural Circulation and external circulating pump two kinds of modes.
Domestic hot-water's function of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is that to introduce low temperature running water after plane heat dump 41 with annular heat-absorbing device 42 by water inlet pipe 43 be that hot water exports use by hot water outlet 44 by burner hearth ambient radiation converting heat, in burner hearth 9, to be exported 25 by high-temperature flue gas through clean-burning flue gas enter after heat exchanger smoke inlet 33 exchanges with exchanger heat and enter discharge flue 38, from smoke exhaust pipe 39 after dust processor 45 filters, 40 discharge, the water at low temperature introduced by water inlet pipe 43 exports use by hot water outlet 44 after plane heat dump 41 and annular heat-absorbing device 42 heat, high-temperature flue gas reduces the flue gas of temperature after heat exchanger 32 and water carry out heat exchange, through heat exchanger exhanst gas outlet 34 through discharge flue 38 from smoke exhaust pipe 39, 40 discharge.
The heat exchanger return pipe 36 of multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove inputs water at low temperature, and the high-temperature water after heat exchanger heating exports from the outlet pipe 35 of heat exchanger and uses.
Sweetening process is: coal is high-temp combustion in burner hearth 9, low-temperature prewarming process is at the medium coal to be combusted of feed bin 12,13, the sulfide gas now produced is imported into burner hearth 9 mixed combustion under the effect of feed bin air inlet 16,17, mineral matter calcium carbonate in coal becomes calcium oxide by high-temperature hot reaction decomposes, sulfide in calcium oxide and flue gas reacts and generates calcium sulfate, thus sulfur curable is played in cinder the effect of solid sulphur desulfurization.
Denitrification process is: increase by a heat gathering tube device in the exit of burner hearth 9, reduce the oxygen content in flue gas with raising flue gas exit temperature, the bond of nitrogen oxygen is reduced, thus reaches the effect of denitration.
The process of dedusting is: fuel enters burner hearth 9 at high temperature Thorough combustion, high-temperature flue gas enters the process of discharge flue 38 soot dust granule thing at this moment through dust processor 45 from heat exchanger exhanst gas outlet 34 after heat exchanger 32 heat exchange, bulky grain thing in flue gas directly falls into vessel water, other fine solid particle thing and the precipitated effect reaching dedusting in a reservoir of water smoke hybrid filtering; The outer bottom of described dust processor 45 is provided with the inner stainless steel filtering net being provided with a shape and being less than container of moveable pulley, is convenient to regularly clear up precipitation dust granules in a reservoir.
The utility model achieves on miniature coal stove and accessory by air distribution combustion and the method arranging dust container handling, just effectively can remove the sulfur dioxide in coal furnace smoke discharging, nitrogen oxide and dust granules thing, changing small coal furnace can not the present situation of environment protection emission, for the smoke pollution solving, administer coal furnace creates condition, owing to adopting multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove of the present utility model, fuel is sufficient combustion in burner hearth, firepower lasting stability, energy-saving effect is remarkable; In addition, adopt multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove of the present utility model, all parts is split type assembling, and be convenient to mass processing, installation and maintenance are convenient.
By reference to the accompanying drawings embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail above, but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that art those of ordinary skill possesses, can also make a variety of changes under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model aim.

Claims (10)

1. a multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove, include base and be arranged on the framework on base, the upper surface of described framework is provided with cover plate, described cover plate is provided with at least one cooking range mouth and at least one reinforced Hatch Opening, the part that described reinforced Hatch Opening extends downwards forms feed bin, it is characterized in that, described cooking range mouth is formed through burner hearth to the part of downward-extension and described feed bin, and described burner hearth is positioned at framework; Between described burner hearth and described cooking range mouth, be provided with the air distribution cover air inlet under being tilted to, by air distribution cover air inlet, new wind inputted in described burner hearth; Be provided with high-temperature flue gas outlet in the upper end of described burner hearth, described high-temperature flue gas outlet communicates with smokejack; Described smokejack extend to from top to bottom in described framework be arranged on described framework lower end and be positioned at the dust processor of discharge flue; Described dust processor communicates with smoke exhaust pipe, and the clean flue dust after process is discharged from the smoke evacuation mouth of pipe be arranged on described cover plate along described smoke exhaust pipe; Described burner hearth bottom is provided with mobilizable base fire grate and two open air door, has insulating space between described base fire grate and two open air door.
2. multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be provided with moveable heat exchanger in described framework; Described smokejack is positioned at described heat exchanger, and communicates with discharge flue; The lower end of described heat exchanger is provided with heat exchanger water return outlet, and upper end is provided with heat exchanger delivery port.
3. multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described heat exchanger adopts plate-type heat exchange structure, and described heat exchanger is provided with away water channel; And at described smokejack and describedly walk to be provided with between water channel circular heat accumulation rod.
4. multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described air distribution cover air inlet is arranged on air distribution cover, and described air distribution cover is between described burner hearth and described cooking range mouth; Base air inlet is provided with at described insulating space; Feed bin air inlet is provided with between described feed bin and described reinforced Hatch Opening; This multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with air volume distributor, and new wind enters described air distribution cover, described base air inlet and described feed bin air inlet respectively by described air volume distributor and inputs in described burner hearth, described feed bin and described insulating space.
5. multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the lower end of described feed bin also has an inclined-plane, and the upper end on described inclined-plane is the barrel of described feed bin; The inclination angle on described inclined-plane is greater than 55 degree.
6. multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described base fire grate is connected with the rotating handles of its activity of control, and described rotating handles is positioned at outside described frame panel; Described base fire grate and two open air door can synchronously be opened by described rotating handles; Described base fire grate is also provided with a self-locking device, and two open air door can be worked independently.
7. the multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to any one of claim 1 ~ 6, it is characterized in that, this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with plane heat dump and annular heat-absorbing device, and water at low temperature changes into hot water by the water inlet pipe be arranged on framework and exported by hot water outlet after described plane heat dump and annular heat-absorbing device.
8. multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to claim 7, is characterized in that, the exit of described burner hearth is provided with a heat gathering tube device.
9. multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to claim 8, is characterized in that, this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with electric organ, and described electric organ adopts thermoelectric generator; Described electric organ is arranged in described framework, and around the outside being positioned at described burner hearth and described feed bin; In described framework, be vertically installed with pull bar lamp, its telescopic mouth is arranged on described cover plate.
10. multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove according to claim 9, is characterized in that, this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove is also provided with controller, and this controller can control the rotating speed of gas-distributing fan; The power supply of described controller is inputted by described electric organ or external power supply; Described controller has the display unit demonstrating coolant-temperature gage, environment temperature, also has the switch of this multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly furnaceman's operation mode change-over switch and described pull bar lamp.
CN201520214350.8U 2014-06-06 2015-04-11 Multipurpose combustion environmental-friendly stove Expired - Fee Related CN204593465U (en)

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CN104832950A (en) * 2014-06-06 2015-08-12 南京陆海自动化设备工程有限公司 Multipurpose combustion environmental protection furnace
CN107525101A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-12-29 安徽西玛科电器有限公司 A kind of integrated kitchen range mechanism

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CN104713133B (en) * 2015-03-17 2017-04-26 湖南明瑞环保科技有限公司 Automatic blanking barotropic stove with sulfur fixation, denitration and dedusting functions

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CN2372579Y (en) * 1999-06-02 2000-04-05 兰州高能材料科技开发公司 High efficiency coal-saving multipurpose stove
CN101900353A (en) * 2009-05-26 2010-12-01 韩先锋 High-efficiency gasification energy-saving environmental-friendly warm air furnace
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CN104019467A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 万长江 Multifunctional energy-saving and environment-friendly stove

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104832950A (en) * 2014-06-06 2015-08-12 南京陆海自动化设备工程有限公司 Multipurpose combustion environmental protection furnace
CN107525101A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-12-29 安徽西玛科电器有限公司 A kind of integrated kitchen range mechanism

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