CN203364172U - Biomass cooking hating stove - Google Patents

Biomass cooking hating stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203364172U
CN203364172U CN2013203038016U CN201320303801U CN203364172U CN 203364172 U CN203364172 U CN 203364172U CN 2013203038016 U CN2013203038016 U CN 2013203038016U CN 201320303801 U CN201320303801 U CN 201320303801U CN 203364172 U CN203364172 U CN 203364172U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
outlet flue
heater
stove
smoke
smoke outlet
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2013203038016U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金正道
姚平
程泽海
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金正道
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Publication date
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Priority to CN2013203038016U priority Critical patent/CN203364172U/en
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Publication of CN203364172U publication Critical patent/CN203364172U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass cooking hating stove. The biomass cooking hating stove comprises a stove body, a base, water jackets, a smoke outlet flue and a rear supporting base, wherein a secondary air flue is arranged in the stove body, an air outlet of the secondary air flue is located on the inner side of a top outlet of a hearth, the smoke outlet flue is connected between a smoke outlet and the hearth, and the water jackets are distributed on the left end face, the right end face and the rear end face of the stove body in a semi-surrounding mode. Secondary combustion occurs on the outlet of the hearth through the secondary air flue, combustion efficiency of biomass fuel is improved, and the situation of black smoke is avoided; the smoke outlet flue prolongs smoke exhausting time, so that a large amount of heat contained in fume can be completely absorbed and utilized by the water jackets, and thermal utilization efficiency is improved. The improved biomass cooking hating stove has the double functions of cooking and heating, and is convenient to use, high in thermal utilization rate, safe, reliable and particularly suitable for being popularized and used in vast rural families.

Description

A kind of biomass cooking heating stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of heating stove, and particularly a kind of cooking and the heating dual-purpose stove of living beings as incendiary material that use, belong to civil heating stove and accessory field.
Background technology
Along with social progress, various domestic wastes increase with speed at double.And, in rural area, along with the crop growth cycle accelerates and agricultural product kind and upgrade the increase of rhythm, a large amount of agricultural wastes also is seen everywhere, wherein, the most common is also that the agricultural waste of maximum mainly contains: agricultural crop straw, cot, stalk stem etc.This type of material is used except as fertilizer sources after normal combustion, large quantities of adjuncts have started processed as the primary raw material of biomass fuel and have utilized, thereby eliminated the agricultural waste be distributed in a large number on field and courtyard road, administered rural environment, reduced potential safety hazard, and be that life in the countryside, heating have brought new convenience.
The stove and accessory that existing biomass fuel is used, except common common stove and accessory, also has some special-purpose biomass stoves.Wherein, common stove and accessory is subject to the impact of biomass fuel own characteristic, and combustion efficiency is poor, existing substantially need not.The dedicated biomass stove is due to the characteristics that combine biomass combustion, ventilate, oxygen supply is abundant, burning fruit is better, with low cost, can play certain function of heating up water, cook, but existing biomass stove ubiquity Combustion Process Control is insufficient, easily produces black smoke, and environmental pollution is heavier, simultaneously, the biomass stove form is comparatively single, does not take full advantage of thermal source, and function is used in expansion.
So, develop that a kind of function is more complete, the better biomass stove of result of use, want with regard to becoming the utility model the problem solved.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiency of above-mentioned existing structure, it is high that the utility model aims to provide a kind of efficiency of combustion, pollution-free, both can be used as cooking stove and used, and can be used as again the dual-purpose biomass combustion furnace that heating stove is used.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of biomass cooking heating stove, comprise body of heater and the base that is supported on the body of heater below, and the body of heater front end is provided with feeding port and slag notch from top to bottom, and slag notch is corresponding with burner hearth bottom; The rear side on body of heater top is provided with outlet flue; Base seals relatively, the front end of base is provided with the air door be communicated with burner hearth bottom, the rear support seat that also comprises a water jacket, a smoke outlet flue and a relative sealing, smoke outlet flue is distributed in the rear end of furnace body inside from top to bottom, smoke outlet flue is connected between outlet flue and burner hearth, outlet flue in smoke outlet flue is provided with dividing plate straight down, and dividing plate is separated into a U-shaped passage by smoke outlet flue, and the bottom of U-shaped passage is provided with cinder notch; Water jacket is that half-surrounded is distributed in that body of heater is left and right, on the end face of rear side, the top of water jacket and bottom are respectively equipped with delivery port and water inlet; The rear support seat supports is below water jacket and body of heater, and the side of rear support seat is provided with breast hole.
Also be provided with water-thermometer and safety valve on described water jacket.
Also be provided with secondary air duct in described body of heater, the air inlet of secondary air duct is positioned at the rear side of air door internal furnace, and the air outlet of secondary air duct is positioned at the inboard of roof of the furnace outlet.
The air outlet of described secondary air duct distributes in the form of a ring and is tilted to down.
A kind of biomass cooking heating stove described in the utility model, by secondary air duct is set in body of heater, make the biomass combustion process form second-time burning at the furnace outlet place, improved the efficiency of combustion of biomass fuel, avoided the generation of black smoke situation, simultaneously, by the U-shaped smoke outlet flue is set between burner hearth and outlet flue, extended the smoke evacuation time, make the amount of heat contained in flue dust fully be absorbed and to utilize by water jacket, improve heating efficiency, guaranteed the water jacket temperature-rise period.Stove and accessory after improvement not only has the cooking function, also has the heating effect, and easy to use, heat utilization efficiency is high, and indoor lifestyle device is further simplified, and security is good, and reliable in function is particularly suitable for promoting the use of in vast rural households.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is vertical structure cutaway view of the present utility model;
The A-A that Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 is to cutaway view.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1, Fig. 2, the utility model will be further described:
A kind of biomass cooking heating stove described in the utility model, comprise the rear support seat 7 of body of heater 1, base 8, water jacket 6, smoke outlet flue 3 and relative sealing.Body of heater 1 is for biomass fuel combustion, and completes normal cooking work; Water jacket 6 can be the heating process hot water is provided, and guarantees taking full advantage of of heat energy and stove and accessory.
Wherein, whole body of heater 1 is cuboid, and base 8 is supported on the below of body of heater 1, and the front end of base 8 is provided with the air door 10 be communicated with burner hearth 2 bottoms.Front end at body of heater 1 is provided with feeding port 12 and slag notch 11 from top to bottom, and slag notch 11 is corresponding with burner hearth 2 bottoms, and feeding port 12 is for loading biomass fuel.The rear side on body of heater 1 top is provided with outlet flue 5, the flue gas that outlet flue 5 produces for discharging burner hearth 2 combustion process.Smoke outlet flue 3 is distributed in the rear end of body of heater 1 inboard from top to bottom, and smoke outlet flue 3 is connected between outlet flue 5 and burner hearth 2.For extending the smoke process, heat in flue gas can be fully absorbed and utilize, also be provided with dividing plate 4 straight down on outlet flue 5 in smoke outlet flue 3, the length of dividing plate 4 accounts for 2/3rds of whole smoke outlet flue 3 height, thereby make dividing plate 4 that the smoke outlet flue 3 in body of heater 1 is separated into to a U-shaped passage, effectively extended the length of smoke outlet flue 3.For guaranteeing unimpeded in the U-shaped passage, prevent that the solid particle in flue gas from piling up in smoke outlet flue 3, also be provided with cinder notch 19 in the bottom of U-shaped passage.
For further improving efficiency of combustion, reduce the generation of black smoke situation, the outside that is positioned at burner hearth 2 in body of heater 1 also is provided with secondary air duct 9.The air inlet of secondary air duct 9 is positioned at the rear side of air door 10 internal furnaces 2, and the air outlet 13 of secondary air duct 9 is positioned at the inboard of burner hearth 2 top exits.For guaranteeing the combustion-supporting effect of Secondary Air at stockhole, the air outlet 13 of secondary air duct 9 is uniformly distributed in the form of a ring and Way out is tilted to down.
Water jacket 6 adopts cast iron or casting aluminium material to make, water jacket 6 is that half-surrounded is distributed in that body of heater 1 is left and right, on the end face of rear side, the top of water jacket 6 and bottom are respectively equipped with delivery port 16 and water inlet 17, and delivery port 16 and water inlet 17 can be communicated with extraneous radiator respectively.For guaranteeing the security of heating process, also be provided with water-thermometer 14 and safety valve 15 on water jacket 6.
Rear support seat 7 is supported on the rear side below of water jacket 6 and body of heater 1, and the side of rear support seat 7 is provided with breast hole 18, and rear support seat 7 forms two relatively independent cavitys with base 8, and completes together the support to body of heater 1 and water jacket 6.
During actual the use, biomass fuel is put into from feeding port 12, and in combustion process, air door 10 is opened, and air, except normally being entered furnace chamber by burner hearth 2 bottoms, also can directly be sent to by secondary air duct 9 exit at burner hearth 2 tops.Can produce during due to biomass fuel combustion and there is no clean-burning graininess carbonaceous, when secondary air duct 9 is introduced air, not only air can be by preheating in advance, and the stockhole place also can realize second-time burning, thereby unburned carbonaceous particle is fully burnt, guarantee efficiency of combustion, avoided the generation of black smoke situation.In combustion process, the flame produced and heat are except cooking, heating up water, a large amount of hot flue gases also are introduced in smoke outlet flue 3, because smoke outlet flue 3 is separated into the U-shaped passage by dividing plate 4, increased the smoke evacuation time, so the water jacket 6 in body of heater 1 outside is except burner hearth 2 is carried out heat absorption, the length that also can take full advantage of smoke outlet flue 3 is absorbed the amount of heat contained in flue gas, thereby water jacket 6 is rapidly heated, completed the indoor heating process, realize heating, cooking double effects, met the needs that rural residents is used.Wherein, slag notch 11 can effectively be removed the residue in burner hearth 2, and 18 of breast holes can be cleared up deposited particles or dust in smoke outlet flue 3, to guarantee that smoke outlet flue 3 is unobstructed.Certainly, be arranged on safety valve 15 on water jacket 6 and water-thermometer 14 and also can further improve the security that water jacket 6 is used, guaranteed that the stove and accessory use procedure carries out smoothly.

Claims (4)

1. a biomass cooking heating stove, comprise body of heater and the base that is supported on the body of heater below, and described body of heater front end is provided with feeding port and slag notch from top to bottom, and slag notch is corresponding with burner hearth bottom; The rear side on described body of heater top is provided with outlet flue; Described base seals relatively, the front end of base is provided with the air door be communicated with burner hearth bottom, it is characterized in that, the rear support seat that also comprises a water jacket, a smoke outlet flue and a relative sealing, described smoke outlet flue is distributed in the rear end of furnace body inside from top to bottom, and smoke outlet flue is connected between outlet flue and burner hearth, and the outlet flue in smoke outlet flue is provided with dividing plate straight down, dividing plate is separated into a U-shaped passage by smoke outlet flue, and the bottom of U-shaped passage is provided with cinder notch; Described water jacket is that half-surrounded is distributed in that body of heater is left and right, on the end face of rear side, the top of water jacket and bottom are respectively equipped with delivery port and water inlet; Described rear support seat supports is below water jacket and body of heater, and the side of rear support seat is provided with breast hole.
2. a kind of biomass cooking heating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also is provided with water-thermometer and safety valve on described water jacket.
3. a kind of biomass cooking heating stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also is provided with secondary air duct in described body of heater, and the air inlet of described secondary air duct is positioned at the rear side of air door internal furnace, and the air outlet of secondary air duct is positioned at the inboard of roof of the furnace outlet.
4. a kind of biomass cooking heating stove according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the air outlet of described secondary air duct distributes in the form of a ring and is tilted to down.
CN2013203038016U 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Biomass cooking hating stove Expired - Fee Related CN203364172U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203038016U CN203364172U (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Biomass cooking hating stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203038016U CN203364172U (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Biomass cooking hating stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203364172U true CN203364172U (en) 2013-12-25

Family

ID=49811926

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013203038016U Expired - Fee Related CN203364172U (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Biomass cooking hating stove

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203364172U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104832950A (en) * 2014-06-06 2015-08-12 南京陆海自动化设备工程有限公司 Multipurpose combustion environmental protection furnace

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104832950A (en) * 2014-06-06 2015-08-12 南京陆海自动化设备工程有限公司 Multipurpose combustion environmental protection furnace

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131225

Termination date: 20150530

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model