CN202024312U - Biomass chain boiler - Google Patents

Biomass chain boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202024312U
CN202024312U CN2011200434939U CN201120043493U CN202024312U CN 202024312 U CN202024312 U CN 202024312U CN 2011200434939 U CN2011200434939 U CN 2011200434939U CN 201120043493 U CN201120043493 U CN 201120043493U CN 202024312 U CN202024312 U CN 202024312U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
combustion
biomass
arch
chain
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011200434939U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李守泉
李平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG SHENGWEI NEW POWER CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG SHENGWEI NEW POWER CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG SHENGWEI NEW POWER CO Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG SHENGWEI NEW POWER CO Ltd
Priority to CN2011200434939U priority Critical patent/CN202024312U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202024312U publication Critical patent/CN202024312U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass chain boiler, which comprises a boiler body and a hopper, wherein the boiler body is provided with a thermal insulation layer; the surface of the boiler body is provided with decoration panels, panel depression bars and a boiler door; the top part of the boiler body is provided with a lifting eye, an inspection door, an exhaust pipe and a smoke outlet; combustion chambers, a first convection zone, a second convection zone and a smoke partition are arranged in the boiler body, wherein each combustion chamber is formed by a front arch and a rear arch; the inner periphery of the boiler body is provided with a radiation coiler; a fire grate with lifting eyes, independent air chambers, a sealing plate, a biomass combustion transmission mechanism and a slag hole are arranged below the combustion chambers; one ash leakage hole is arranged under each independent air chamber; each front arch is provided with a secondary air inlet combustion-supporting device and an ash falling bucket; and the secondary air inlet combustion-supporting device is communicated with a secondary air inlet arranged on the boiler body through a vent pipe arranged in the thermal insulation layer. A biomass raw material is used as a fuel by the biomass chain boiler, and thereby, not only is a new energy utilization way opened up, but also the environment is protected, and the technical problems of low combustion ratio, serious environmental pollution, high operating cost and the like in the prior art are solved.

Description

A kind of living beings chain furnace
Technical field the utility model belongs to the boiler of organic heat carrier technical field, relates to a kind of living beings chain furnace.
Background technology is present, China's boiler of organic heat carrier is based on fire coal, adopts the layer combustion mode, and combustion apparatus is with fixing forms such as handwarmer, chain furnace, reciprocating furnace and vibration stove, along with the fast development of biomass fuel, biomass boiler is progressively introduced to the market.The biomass boiler of prior art exists that combustion rate is low, environmental pollution is serious, operating cost high-technology problem.
The summary of the invention the purpose of this utility model is to solve prior art to have that combustion rate is low, environmental pollution serious, operating cost high-technology problem, provides a kind of living beings chain furnace, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
The utility model living beings chain furnace, comprise that the outside is provided with the boiler body and the hopper of heat-insulation layer, the surface of boiler body is provided with decoration panel, panel press strip and fire door, the top of boiler body is provided with hanger, inspection door, blast pipe and outlet flue, be provided with combustion chamber, first and second convective region and the flue gas partition wall be made up of forward and backward arch in the boiler body, the boiler body inner rim is provided with radiant coil; Be provided with fire grate, independent air compartment, sealing plate, biomass combustion transmission mechanism and the slag notch of band hanger below the combustion chamber, be provided with grey leakage port below the independent air compartment; Its main points are that described face arch is provided with secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment and ash dropping hopper, and the secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment is communicated with secondary wind air inlet on being arranged on boiler body by the ventilation duct that is arranged in the heat-insulation layer.
Described secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment, by be arranged on heat-insulation layer in the main air duct that is communicated with of ventilation duct and the auxiliary airduct road of Duo Gen forms, assist an end in airduct road to be communicated with main air duct, the other end is communicated with the combustion chamber.
Described biomass combustion transmission mechanism comprises the chain that is driven by driving wheel and driven pulley, and chain is provided with fire grate segment; Described hopper is provided with fuel flashboard adjusting handle, and the below of hopper is positioned at the head end of biomass combustion transmission mechanism chain.
The utility model utilizes biomass material to make fuel, has not only opened up new using energy source approach and has also protected environment, and efficiency of combustion reaches 95%~99%, fume afterheat utilization rate height.Solve prior art and have that combustion rate is low, environmental pollution serious, operating cost high-technology problem.
Description of drawings Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is an A-A part sectioned view among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a B-B part sectioned view among Fig. 1.
Among the figure 1, slag notch 2, driven pulley 3, grey leakage port 4, independent air compartment 5, fire grate segment 6, fire door 7, sealing plate 8, driving wheel 9, fuel flashboard adjusting handle 10, hopper 11, radiant coil 12, heat-insulation layer 13, panel press strip 14, decoration panel 15, hanger 16, inspection door 17, blast pipe 18, secondary wind air inlet 19, smoke 20, second convective region 21, flue gas partition wall 22, first convective region 23, fire grate 24, ash dropping hopper 25, auxiliary airduct road 26, main air duct 27, face arch 28, rear arch 29, the fire grate hanger
The specific embodiment is with reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the utility model comprises that the outside is provided with the boiler body and the hopper 10 of heat-insulation layer 12, the surface of boiler body is provided with decoration panel 14, panel press strip 13 and fire door 6, the top of boiler body is provided with hanger 15, inspection door 16, blast pipe 17 and outlet flue 19, be provided with combustion chamber, first and second convective region 22,20 and flue gas partition wall 21 of being made up of forward and backward arch 27,28 in the boiler body, the boiler body inner rim is provided with radiant coil 11; Be provided with fire grate 23, independent air compartment 4, sealing plate 7, biomass combustion transmission mechanism and the slag notch 1 of band hanger 29 below the combustion chamber, be provided with grey leakage port 3 below the independent air compartment 4; Face arch 27 is provided with secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment and ash dropping hopper 24, and the secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment is communicated with secondary wind air inlet 18 on being arranged on boiler body by the ventilation duct that is arranged in the heat-insulation layer 12; The secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment, by be arranged on heat-insulation layer 12 in the ventilation duct main air duct 26 and the auxiliary airduct road 25 of Duo Gen that are communicated with form, assist an end in airduct road 25 to be communicated with main air duct 26, the other end is communicated with the combustion chamber; The biomass combustion transmission mechanism comprises the chain that is driven by driving wheel 8 and driven pulley 2, and chain is provided with fire grate segment 5; Hopper 10 is provided with fuel flashboard adjusting handle 9, and the below of hopper 10 is positioned at the head end of biomass combustion transmission mechanism chain.
The connected mode of each parts of the utility model, effect and principle: driving wheel 8 and driven pulley 2, fire grate segment 5 are formed the biomass combustion transmission mechanism, hopper 10 and fuel flashboard adjusting handle 9 constitute the import of living beings, and slag notch 1 is finished lime-ash outlet afterwards for biomass combustion; Independent air compartment 4 and sealing plate 7 are the air distribution mechanism of combustion system; Grey leakage port 3 is the deashing device of fire grate 23 inside, and face arch 27 and rear arch 28 are formed the combustion chamber of fire grate 23, and the integral lifting of combustion chamber is finished by fire grate hanger 29; The boiler body part is made up of radiant coil 11 and first convective region 22, second convective region 20 and flue gas partition wall 21; There are heat-insulation layer 12, decoration panel 14, panel press strip in the boiler body outside; Body hanger 15, inspection door 16, blast pipe 17, outlet flue 19 and secondary wind inlet 18 are arranged at the top; Arrange main air duct 26, auxiliary airduct road 25 and ash dropping hopper 24 in the face arch 27; According to the combustion characteristics of living beings self, face arch is provided with secondary air system; Because the volatile matter of biomass fuel is higher, secondary wind enters preheating in the boiler body heat-insulation layer by boiler body secondary wind air inlet 18, and the secondary wind connection main air duct 26 after the preheating is distributed to the auxiliary airduct road 25 of each root then and entered participation burning in the burner hearth; Biomass fuel falls into the fire grate upper surface from hopper 10, under the control of fuel flashboard adjusting handle 9, determine the thickness of fuel bed, the living beings that enter fire grate are finished combustion process under the acting in conjunction of face arch 27 and rear arch 28, the fugitive constituent of separating out too early enters the swirl flow combustion cylinder roasting, there is sufficient oxygen combustion rapid, the burn-off rate height is avoided boiler over-emitting black exhaust phenomenon; High-temperature flue gas behind the biomass combustion is first heat exchange in radiant coil 11, enters convection current one district 22 and convection current two districts 20 under the stopping of flue gas partition wall 21 respectively, emits heat and discharges outside the body of heater from outlet flue 19; The compare boiler furnace volume of same specification of boiler body is big, and the radiation heating-surface integration is joined greater than convection heating surface long-pending, has effectively controlled the ignition temperature in the burner hearth, avoids condensing of ash occurring and stops up convection bank.Can reduce the gap of convection bank, improve cigarette speed, strengthen the heat exchange effect.

Claims (3)

1. living beings chain furnace, comprise that the outside is provided with the boiler body and the hopper of heat-insulation layer, the surface of boiler body is provided with decoration panel, panel press strip and fire door, the top of boiler body is provided with hanger, inspection door, blast pipe and outlet flue, be provided with combustion chamber, first and second convective region and the flue gas partition wall be made up of forward and backward arch in the boiler body, the boiler body inner rim is provided with radiant coil; Be provided with fire grate, independent air compartment, sealing plate, biomass combustion transmission mechanism and the slag notch of band hanger below the combustion chamber, be provided with grey leakage port below the independent air compartment; It is characterized in that described face arch is provided with secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment and ash dropping hopper, the secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment is communicated with secondary wind air inlet on being arranged on boiler body by the ventilation duct that is arranged in the heat-insulation layer.
2. living beings chain furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described secondary air auxiliary combustion equipment, by be arranged on heat-insulation layer in the main air duct that is communicated with of ventilation duct and the auxiliary airduct road of Duo Gen forms, assist an end in airduct road to be communicated with main air duct, the other end is communicated with the combustion chamber.
3. living beings chain furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that described biomass combustion transmission mechanism comprises the chain that is driven by driving wheel and driven pulley, and chain is provided with fire grate segment; Described hopper is provided with fuel flashboard adjusting handle, and the below of hopper is positioned at the head end of biomass combustion transmission mechanism chain.
CN2011200434939U 2011-02-17 2011-02-17 Biomass chain boiler Expired - Fee Related CN202024312U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200434939U CN202024312U (en) 2011-02-17 2011-02-17 Biomass chain boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200434939U CN202024312U (en) 2011-02-17 2011-02-17 Biomass chain boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202024312U true CN202024312U (en) 2011-11-02

Family

ID=44849260

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200434939U Expired - Fee Related CN202024312U (en) 2011-02-17 2011-02-17 Biomass chain boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202024312U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103115351A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-05-22 沈阳汇丰生物能源发展有限公司 Combustion device of biomass chain grate furnace

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103115351A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-05-22 沈阳汇丰生物能源发展有限公司 Combustion device of biomass chain grate furnace
CN103115351B (en) * 2013-01-30 2015-08-12 沈阳汇丰生物能源发展有限公司 A kind of biomass chain boiler burner

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111102

Termination date: 20160217