CN204579805U - A kind of walnut decortication cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of walnut decortication cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204579805U
CN204579805U CN201520060596.4U CN201520060596U CN204579805U CN 204579805 U CN204579805 U CN 204579805U CN 201520060596 U CN201520060596 U CN 201520060596U CN 204579805 U CN204579805 U CN 204579805U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
walnut
frame
curved blade
protective cover
main shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520060596.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周忠华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanhua Hong Fa Walnut Industry Development Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
Nanhua Hong Fa Walnut Industry Development Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanhua Hong Fa Walnut Industry Development Corp Ltd filed Critical Nanhua Hong Fa Walnut Industry Development Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201520060596.4U priority Critical patent/CN204579805U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204579805U publication Critical patent/CN204579805U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of walnut decortication cleaning device, there is frame, the reductor that described frame side is provided with motor and is attached thereto, described speed reducer output shaft is connected with by the main shaft of bearings in frame, described main shaft is provided with wire brush from inside to outside successively, stationary grizzly, protective cover, curved blade, described stationary grizzly is provided with some helical baffles, described curved blade periphery holds circle outside floating and being provided with and holds the passage leaving between circle and curved blade and pass through for walnut outward, described protective cover is provided with discharging opening near chain drum place, frame lower end is provided with out slag plate.The utility model arranges rotary-cut hobboing cutter, wire brush and cleaning hairbrush in the zones of different of same main shaft, and to walnut surface sprinkling water liquid in rotary course, thus green peel of walnut can be removed by Rapid dry pure land.

Description

A kind of walnut decortication cleaning device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of green peel of walnut and peels off cleaning machine.
Background technology
Walnut is the nutritious fruit that people like edible, because when walnut picks from tree, there is one deck rascal on surface, usually to slough after this layer of rascal adopts stacking fermentation and manually remove again, this method is time-consuming, effort, efficiency are low, and shedding is unclean, blackening after the rascal drying of walnut remained on surface, affect after the edible of walnut and commodity value Walnut Fruit gather, the rascal outside nut must be taken off as early as possible, to keep nut face clean, increase exterior of commodity quality.The method of de-rascal mainly contains mechanical means and chemical method; Wherein, be that traditional stack retting removes seed-skin method and ethephon (CEPHA),2-(chloroethyl) phosphonic acid removes seed-skin method two kinds in chemical method:
(1) traditional stack retting removes seed-skin method is be put in shady and cool place or draft chamber by fruit of not peeling after adopting, then rascal fruit is piled the high decortication heap of about 50cm, heap covers single bag of thick about 10cm or stalk, weeds, promote that skin core departs to improve temperature in heap.Through 4 days ~ 6 days, expand when rascal or when occurring splitting, knock with waddy and the rascal nut that splits is deviate from.The fruit that part can not be peeled should concentrate the stack retting a few days again, until all decortications.The shortcoming of this method is that stack retting overlong time can make rascal blackening, and juice pollutes shuck skin and kernel.
(2) ethephon (CEPHA),2-(chloroethyl) phosphonic acid removes seed-skin method and will reach ripe and under just having adopted fruit, with the ethephon (CEPHA),2-(chloroethyl) phosphonic acid dipping green rind walnut 0.5min that mass fraction is 3000mg/kg ~ 5000mg/kg, also using spray device sprays above-mentioned concentration ethephon (CEPHA),2-(chloroethyl) phosphonic acid to rascal fruit, then fully stirs and every fruit is all speckled with.
Mechanical means has artificial and traditional machining two kinds.Said method is existing defects all to some extent: device structure is comparatively complicated, and peeling is not thorough, not totally, easily crushes walnut, is therefore necessary to improve.
Utility model content
The utility model proposes a kind of walnut decortication cleaning device, wire brush, stationary grizzly, protective cover, curved blade are set in the zones of different of same main shaft, and to walnut surface sprinkling water liquid in rotary course, thus green peel of walnut can be removed by Rapid dry pure land.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model: a kind of walnut decortication cleaning device, there is frame, the reductor that described frame side is provided with motor and is attached thereto, described speed reducer output shaft is connected with by the main shaft of bearings in frame, main shaft end is provided with chain drum, it is characterized in that: described main shaft is provided with wire brush from inside to outside successively, stationary grizzly, protective cover, curved blade, described stationary grizzly is provided with some helical baffles, described curved blade periphery holds circle outside floating and being provided with and holds the passage leaving between circle and curved blade and pass through for walnut outward, described protective cover is provided with discharging opening near chain drum place, frame lower end is provided with out slag plate.
Described device also includes the back with water inlet line that protective cover is arranged, and is provided with some water spouts between back with water inlet line and protective cover.
Described main shaft is provided with wire brush, and several form hairbrush group.
Described device also includes the charging aperture that protective cover is arranged, and charging aperture is up big and down small trapezium structure, and the lower end of trapezium structure becomes yi word pattern.
Described wire brush bristle can stretch out stationary grizzly 3 ~ 5mm.
Described curved blade is provided with several, is spaced apart 20 ~ 30mm between curved blade.
The utility model advantage compared with prior art: this device is green rind walnut peeling, surface cleaning equipment; Lightweight, volume is little, and charging is even, deft design, is convenient to transport, simple to operate, and use flexibly, working (machining) efficiency is high; Exocarpium Juglandis Immaturus threshing performance more than 99%, walnut shell breakage is less than 0.5%, and gained walnut exterior quality is good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model structure schematic front view;
In figure: hold circle outside 1-motor, 2-reductor, 3-bearing, 4-protective cover, 5-water spout, 6-back with water inlet line, 7-main shaft, 8-chain drum, 9-helical baffle, 10-stationary grizzly, 11-charging aperture, 12-, 13-discharging opening, 14-curved blade, 15-go out slag plate, 16-frame;
Fig. 2 is the utility model structure schematic side view;
In figure: 17-wire brush.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1,2, a kind of embodiment of the present utility model is described.
A kind of walnut decortication cleaning device, there is frame 16, the reductor 2 that frame 16 side is provided with motor 1 and is attached thereto, described reductor 2 output shaft is with by bearing 3, the main shaft 7 be supported in frame 16 is connected, main shaft 7 end is provided with chain drum 8, it is characterized in that: main shaft 7 is provided with wire brush 17 from inside to outside successively, stationary grizzly 10, protective cover 4, curved blade 14, stationary grizzly 10 is provided with helical baffle 9, curved blade 14 periphery holds circle 12 outside floating and being provided with and holds the passage leaving between circle 12 and curved blade 14 and pass through for walnut outward, protective cover 4 is provided with discharging opening 13 near chain drum 8 place, frame 16 lower end is provided with out slag plate 15, the back with water inlet line 6 that protective cover 4 is arranged, is provided with some water spouts 5 between back with water inlet line 6 and protective cover 4, the charging aperture 11 that protective cover 4 is arranged, charging aperture 11 is up big and down small trapezium structure, and the lower end of trapezium structure becomes yi word pattern, wire brush 17 bristle can stretch out stationary grizzly 10 hole 3mm, 20mm is spaced apart between curved blade 14.
Operation principle: walnut constantly to be added in charging aperture 11 and enter and hold in the passage left between circle 12 and curved blade 14 outward, float fixing owing to forming the outer stationary grizzly 10 holding circle 12, therefore when walnut not of uniform size causes, can automatically regulate, under walnut is provided with the turn of helical baffle 9 on stationary grizzly 10, freely rotate, and extruded by curved blade 14 and stationary grizzly 10, cutting, peel off green peel of walnut, wire brush 17 bristle can stretch out stationary grizzly 10 hole 3mm, through wire brush 17 spin friction, in peeling process, add water through back with water inlet line 6 by water spout 5, water to be sprayed, walnut is carried out sprinkling rotary-cleaning, clean, discharge finally by discharging opening 13, rascal residue is discharged from going out slag plate 15 by curved blade 14.

Claims (6)

1. a walnut decortication cleaning device, there is frame (16), the reductor (2) that described frame (16) side is provided with motor (1) and is attached thereto, described reductor (2) output shaft is connected with the main shaft (7) be supported in frame (16) by bearing (3), main shaft (7) end is provided with chain drum (8), it is characterized in that: described main shaft (7) is provided with wire brush (17) from inside to outside successively, stationary grizzly (10), protective cover (4), curved blade (14), described stationary grizzly (10) is provided with some helical baffles (9), described curved blade (14) periphery holds circle (12) outside floating and being provided with and holds the passage leaving between circle (12) and curved blade (14) and pass through for walnut outward, described protective cover (4) is provided with discharging opening (13) near chain drum (8) place, frame (16) lower end is provided with out slag plate (15).
2. a kind of walnut decortication cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described device also includes the upper back with water inlet line (6) arranged of protective cover (4), is provided with some water spouts (5) between back with water inlet line (6) and protective cover (4).
3. a kind of walnut decortication cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described main shaft (7) is provided with wire brush (17), and several form hairbrush groups.
4. a kind of walnut decortication cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described device also includes the upper charging aperture (11) arranged of protective cover (4), charging aperture (11) is up big and down small trapezium structure, and the lower end of trapezium structure becomes yi word pattern.
5. a kind of walnut decortication cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described wire brush (17) bristle can stretch out stationary grizzly (10) 3 ~ 5mm.
6. a kind of walnut decortication cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described curved blade (14) is provided with several, curved blade is spaced apart 20 ~ 30mm between (14).
CN201520060596.4U 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 A kind of walnut decortication cleaning device Expired - Fee Related CN204579805U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520060596.4U CN204579805U (en) 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 A kind of walnut decortication cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520060596.4U CN204579805U (en) 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 A kind of walnut decortication cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204579805U true CN204579805U (en) 2015-08-26

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520060596.4U Expired - Fee Related CN204579805U (en) 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 A kind of walnut decortication cleaning device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204579805U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106307557A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-11 湖州师范学院 Continuous rolling type machine for separating green peel from hickory nuts
CN106418576A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-02-22 张文凯 Green walnut peeling machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106307557A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-11 湖州师范学院 Continuous rolling type machine for separating green peel from hickory nuts
CN106418576A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-02-22 张文凯 Green walnut peeling machine

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150826

Termination date: 20180128

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee