CN204556623U - Spilled oil simulation test unit under water - Google Patents

Spilled oil simulation test unit under water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204556623U
CN204556623U CN201520060517.XU CN201520060517U CN204556623U CN 204556623 U CN204556623 U CN 204556623U CN 201520060517 U CN201520060517 U CN 201520060517U CN 204556623 U CN204556623 U CN 204556623U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
tank
oiling
test
under water
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520060517.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
安伟
钱国栋
赵宇鹏
李建伟
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COES Ltd
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COES Ltd
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Priority to CN201520060517.XU priority Critical patent/CN204556623U/en
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Publication of CN204556623U publication Critical patent/CN204556623U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to one spilled oil simulation test unit under water, comprise experimental tank, be characterised in that: the outside side of experimental tank is provided with test water preparation tank, test water preparation bottom of gullet is communicated with bottom experimental tank by test water conveyance conduit, test water conveyance conduit is equipped with test water transportation water pump; Oiling unit track, under water oiling unit and electrical control cubicles is under water provided with in experimental tank opposite side outside, experimental tank inner bottom part is equipped with oiling nozzle, oiling unit is communicated with the oiling nozzle of experimental tank inner bottom part by oil pipeline under water, electrical control cubicles respectively with test water prepare tank, experimental tank and under water oiling unit be electrically connected.Advantage is: the function such as oiling condition integrating the preparation of test water and multiple change, and is furnished with PLC control system, can simulate the actual state of oil spilling under water more approx, for the prediction of oil spilling under water and disposal provide foundation.

Description

Spilled oil simulation test unit under water
Technical field
The utility model belongs to marine environment simulated test facility technical field, particularly relates to one spilled oil simulation test unit under water.
Background technology
After oil spilling occurs under water, the behavior state of oil spilling can have greatly changed along with the fluidised form of environmental baseline and oil spilling character and oil spilling.In reality under water oil spilling process, the state of oil spilling and the behavior state moved to water surface process from water-bed oil leakaging port at present still can not by the perception of people institute.In order to fully understand the Changing Pattern of the behavior state of oil spilling after spilling under water, the spilling situation of oil spilling not of the same race under needing to simulate different underwater environment condition, for the prediction of oil spilling under water and the research of method of disposal provide scientific basic foundation.In order to can the actual state of oil spilling under correct Simulated Water, need that simulation test tank is had simultaneously and can prepare and the ability of the same or analogous test water of actual environment condition under water and the ability with different oiling condition.Just current, still not used for the Multi-function special-purpose equipment of spilled oil simulation experimental study under water.
Utility model content
The utility model for solve in known technology the technical matters that exists and provide a kind of can the test unit of spilled oil simulation under water of oil spilling behavior state change under Simulated Water.
This device integrates the function such as oiling condition of the preparation of test water and multiple change, and is furnished with the control system of advanced person, can simulate the actual state of oil spilling under water more approx, for the prediction of oil spilling under water and disposal provide foundation.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked for the technical matters existed in solution known technology is:
Spilled oil simulation test unit under water, comprise bottom it and be fixedly mounted with standoff experimental tank, it is characterized in that: the outside side of described experimental tank is provided with test water preparation tank, described test water preparation bottom of gullet is communicated with bottom experimental tank by test water conveyance conduit, described test water conveyance conduit is equipped with test water transportation water pump; Be provided with oiling unit track under water in experimental tank opposite side outside, be arranged on oiling unit track under water on the unit of oiling under water and be positioned at the electrical control cubicles of oiling unit side under water, described experimental tank inner bottom part is equipped with oiling nozzle, the described unit of oiling is under water communicated with the oiling nozzle of experimental tank inner bottom part by oil pipeline, described electrical control cubicles respectively with test water prepare tank, experimental tank and under water oiling unit be electrically connected.
The utility model can also adopt following technical scheme:
The refrigerator pipes that described test water preparation tank comprises the stirring machine being arranged on test water preparation sink top, the refrigeration evaporator coil pipe being arranged on test water preparation tank inside and is connected with outdoor refrigeration unit, described refrigerator pipes is prepared tank with test water and is communicated with.
Described test water preparation tank side is provided with for showing the flap level gauge with Control experiment preparation tank middle water level.
The described unit of oiling under water comprises storage tank, oil pipeline, filling pump, oil flowmeter, pipe pressure sensor, oiling temperature sensor, fill cup hydraulic sensor and multiple pneumatic ball valve, be connected with oil pipeline bottom described storage tank, described oil pipeline be provided with from right to left successively the first pneumatic ball valve, oil pump, pipe pressure sensor, the second pneumatic ball valve, oil flowmeter, the 3rd pneumatic ball valve, oiling temperature sensor and fill cup hydraulic sensor.
The advantage that the utility model has and good effect are: because the utility model adopts technique scheme, the reality basic physical property of water and the basal conditions of oil spilling under Simulated Water truly under water can be simulated truly by this device, experimental tank adopts the glass cell body of all-transparent, clearly can observe the basal conditions of oil spilling; Make the test water with the identical temperature of water temperature under water by test water preparation tank, and is injected in experimental tank and the reality oil sample that oil spilling situation is identical under water by oiling unit under water, and then ensure the authenticity at multiple oil spilling condition Imitating.Electrical control cubicles of the present utility model adopts PLC Numeric Control Technology, effectively can control each basic controlling key element, when for oil spilling behavior state change test under water, the actual state of oil spilling behavior state under water can be reflected objectively, for the prediction of oil spilling under water and the research of method of disposal provide scientific basic foundation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the utility model test water preparation tank cut-away view;
Fig. 4 is the utility model oiling unit front view under water;
Fig. 5 is the unit of the oiling under water vertical view of Fig. 4.
In figure: 1, test water preparation tank; 2, refrigeration evaporator coil pipe; 3, paddle; 4, stirring machine; 5, flap level gauge; 6, test water conveyance conduit; 7, refrigeration piping; 8, water transportation water pump is tested; 9, experimental tank; 10, oiling nozzle; 11, support; 12, oiling unit under water; 13, oil tank; 14, the first pneumatic ball valve; 15, filling pump; 16, pipe pressure sensor; 17, the second pneumatic ball valve; 18, oil pipeline; 19, oil flowmeter; 20, the 3rd pneumatic ball valve; 21, switch board; 22, fill cup hydraulic sensor; 23, oiling temperature sensor; 24, oiling unit track under water.
Embodiment
For utility model content of the present utility model, Characteristic can be understood further, hereby exemplify following examples, and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described in detail as follows:
It should be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " first ", " second " etc. do not represent order and install, and do not represent the importance of described element yet.
Refer to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, spilled oil simulation test unit under water, comprise the experimental tank 9 being fixed with support 11 bottom it, the outside side of described experimental tank is provided with test water preparation tank 1, described test water preparation bottom of gullet is communicated with bottom experimental tank by test water conveyance conduit 6, described test water conveyance conduit is equipped with test water transportation water pump 8.Be provided with oiling unit track 24 under water in experimental tank opposite side outside, be arranged on oiling unit track under water on the unit of oiling under water 12 and be positioned at the electrical control cubicles 21 of oiling unit side under water, described experimental tank inner bottom part is equipped with oiling nozzle 10, the described unit of oiling is under water communicated with the oiling nozzle 10 of experimental tank inner bottom part by oil pipeline 18, described electrical control cubicles respectively with test water prepare tank, experimental tank and under water oiling unit be electrically connected.
Experimental tank 9 is mainly used in observation and the sampling of test, and leaves certain region to carry other functional devices, and for the experimental study of the method for further oil spilling disposal under water provides certain space, the material of experimental tank adopts clear glass.
In the present embodiment, described test water preparation tank 1 comprises the stirring machine 4, paddle 3, the refrigeration evaporator coil pipe 2 being arranged on test water preparation tank inside and the refrigerator pipes 7 be connected with outdoor refrigeration unit that are arranged on test water preparation sink top, described refrigerator pipes is prepared tank with test water and is communicated with, and is connected with test water conveyance conduit 6 at test water preparation bottom of gullet.The Main Function of test water preparation tank 1 is used to prepare and the actual test water under water with same physical properties.Actual water under water has the feature of lower temperature compared with surface water, therefore will lower the temperature to test water, cooling adopts refrigeration machine refrigeration, by the refrigeration evaporator coil pipe 2 in device by test water the heat prepared in tank take out of, make the temperature of the test water made and water temperature is identical under water.Drive paddle 3 pairs of test water to stir by stirring machine 4, refrigeration evaporator coil pipe 2 is connected by refrigeration piping 7 with outdoor refrigeration machine.The test water prepared also is delivered in experimental tank 9 by test water transportation water pump 8 through test water conveyance conduit 6, and the temperature controlling range in test water preparation tank is 4 DEG C ~ room temperature.
In the present embodiment, described test water preparation tank side is provided with for showing the flap level gauge 5 with Control experiment preparation tank middle water level.
In the present embodiment, the described unit of oiling under water 12 comprises storage tank 13, oil pipeline 18, filling pump 15, oil flowmeter 19, pipe pressure sensor 16, oiling temperature sensor 23, fill cup hydraulic sensor 22 and multiple pneumatic ball valve, be connected with oil pipeline bottom described storage tank, described oil pipeline be provided with from right to left successively the first pneumatic ball valve 14, filling pump 15, pipe pressure sensor 16, second pneumatic ball valve 17, oil flowmeter 19, the 3rd pneumatic ball valve 20, oiling temperature sensor 23 and fill cup hydraulic sensor 22.The Main Function of the described unit of oiling under water 12 injects in experimental tank and the actual oil sample that oil spilling situation is identical under water.The actual feature of oil spilling is under water high pressure, high temperature and leakage of oil point aperture are different, therefore this oiling unit takes filling pump supercharging, electrical heating heats up and the measure of the oiling nozzle of employing different pore size, to ensure the authenticity at multiple oil spilling condition Imitating.Oil sample in oil tank 13 is by oil pipeline 18, through the first pneumatic ball valve 14, filling pump 15, pipe pressure sensor 16, second pneumatic ball valve 17, oil flowmeter 19, the 3rd pneumatic ball valve 20, oiling temperature sensor 23 and fill cup hydraulic sensor 22, be injected in the test water of experimental tank 9 through oiling nozzle 10, to complete oiling process under water.Oiling temperature is arranged on room temperature ~ 60 DEG C, and fill cup hydraulic controls at 0 ~ 2.5MPa, and oiling flow is 0.15 ~ 1.5m 3/ h.
On the basis of such scheme, also comprise the electrical control cubicles 21 being integrated with test water preparation tank 1 and the control device of oiling unit 12 under water.Electrical control cubicles of the present utility model all adopts PLC to control, and can control accurately the temperature of test water, oiling temperature, fill cup hydraulic, oiling flow etc.Above-mentioned controlling element is carried out by each corresponding components and parts in electrical control cubicles and is automatically controlled, to ensure validity and the accuracy of state modulator.
The embodiment that the utility model accompanying drawing describes is exemplary, only for explaining the utility model, and can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a spilled oil simulation test unit under water, comprise bottom it and be fixedly mounted with standoff experimental tank, it is characterized in that: the outside side of described experimental tank is provided with test water preparation tank, described test water preparation bottom of gullet is communicated with bottom experimental tank by test water conveyance conduit, described test water conveyance conduit is equipped with test water transportation water pump; Be provided with oiling unit track under water in experimental tank opposite side outside, be arranged on oiling unit track under water on the unit of oiling under water and be positioned at the electrical control cubicles of oiling unit side under water, described experimental tank inner bottom part is equipped with oiling nozzle, the described unit of oiling is under water communicated with the oiling nozzle of experimental tank inner bottom part by oil pipeline, described electrical control cubicles respectively with test water prepare tank, experimental tank and under water oiling unit be electrically connected.
2. the test unit of spilled oil simulation under water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the refrigerator pipes that described test water preparation tank comprises the stirring machine being arranged on test water preparation sink top, the refrigeration evaporator coil pipe being arranged on test water preparation tank inside and is connected with outdoor refrigeration unit, described refrigerator pipes is prepared tank with test water and is communicated with.
3. the test unit of spilled oil simulation under water according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described test water preparation tank side is provided with for showing the flap level gauge with Control experiment preparation tank middle water level.
4. the test unit of spilled oil simulation under water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described unit of oiling under water comprises storage tank, oil pipeline, filling pump, oil flowmeter, pipe pressure sensor, oiling temperature sensor, fill cup hydraulic sensor and multiple pneumatic ball valve, be connected with oil pipeline bottom described storage tank, described oil pipeline be provided with from right to left successively the first pneumatic ball valve, oil pump, pipe pressure sensor, the second pneumatic ball valve, oil flowmeter, the 3rd pneumatic ball valve, oiling temperature sensor and fill cup hydraulic sensor.
CN201520060517.XU 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 Spilled oil simulation test unit under water Withdrawn - After Issue CN204556623U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520060517.XU CN204556623U (en) 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 Spilled oil simulation test unit under water

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520060517.XU CN204556623U (en) 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 Spilled oil simulation test unit under water

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204556623U true CN204556623U (en) 2015-08-12

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104678082A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-06-03 中海石油环保服务(天津)有限公司 Underground oil spilling simulating testing apparatus and operating method thereof
CN106481985A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-03-08 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所 Crude oil submarine pipeline leak test oil supply system assembly

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104678082A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-06-03 中海石油环保服务(天津)有限公司 Underground oil spilling simulating testing apparatus and operating method thereof
CN106481985A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-03-08 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所 Crude oil submarine pipeline leak test oil supply system assembly

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150812

Effective date of abandoning: 20160622

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting