CN204554887U - High-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove - Google Patents

High-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204554887U
CN204554887U CN201520192240.6U CN201520192240U CN204554887U CN 204554887 U CN204554887 U CN 204554887U CN 201520192240 U CN201520192240 U CN 201520192240U CN 204554887 U CN204554887 U CN 204554887U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
kitchen range
combustion
chamber
time
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520192240.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘新科
Original Assignee
刘新科
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Priority to CN201520192240.6U priority Critical patent/CN204554887U/en
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Publication of CN204554887U publication Critical patent/CN204554887U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove, comprise body of heater and water tank, body of heater has be communicated with the inner and body of heater outside of burner hearth enter bavin mouth, crater and ash hole, lower portion of furnace body adopts back taper, this body of heater comprises the combustion-supporting chamber and go back to smoke chamber arranged successively from the inside to the outside, combustion-supporting chamber is wrapped in burner hearth surrounding and is connected by the air blast of air channel with body of heater outside, this combustion-supporting cavity wall has some air outlets be communicated with burner hearth inside, dust fall switch is provided with in ash hole between combustion-supporting chamber and time smoke chamber, the heavy ash bin that one is equipped with non-flammable fluid is installed in the bottom of ash hole, ash hole is passed through in the bottom returning smoke chamber, heavy ash bin is communicated with air exhauster, the body of heater of crater surrounding is provided with time cigarette kitchen range top be communicated with time smoke chamber, the bottom of this time cigarette kitchen range top is stretched into back in smoke chamber, time smoke chamber top inner wall inside time cigarette kitchen range top is vertically provided with the deep bead higher than returning cigarette kitchen range top outlet at bottom.This practicality can realize waste gas, oil smoke heat repeat recycle.

Description

High-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove.
Background technology
Firewood furnace has another name called biomass cooking furnace, plant cooking stove, energy-saving firewood stove.Firewood furnace, for fuel with vegetable materials such as firewood, sawdust, wood shavings, weeds, corncob, stalks, utilize the cooking range structure of its uniqueness, fuel is made to combine with wooden direct combustion, wooden charing, wooden gasification, and combustion, promote mutually, thus make all heat energy polymerization in fire door, reach the effect of strong firepower, province's energy to greatest extent.
But existing firewood furnace is substantially all adopt waste gas and the in line shape of oil smoke, the heat energy contained in waste gas and oil smoke directly enters in air, is not utilized.Although some inventor wants carry out twice laid to the heat in waste gas and therefore done suitable improvement to smoke exhaust pipe, as Authorization Notice No. a kind of high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove disclosed in the Chinese patent of CN201866800U, as shown in Figure 2, this stove comprises housing a, stove core b, stove bridge c and smoke exhaust pipe d, the ventilating opening e that stove core lower end is provided with is communicated with the smoke exhaust pipe stretched out outside housing and forms cycle flue, the exit of smoke exhaust pipe is provided with and extend into stove pars basilaris pontis and the g of cycle flue be up and down communicated with main air inlet f, upper and lower cycle flue g and cycle flue form major cycle passage jointly, although this stove can realize the circulating combustion of portion, improve the utilization rate of firewood fuel, but the heat energy in waste gas can from smoke exhaust pipe and the direct duct wall of main air inlet directly and outside air carry out heat exchange, heat in oil smoke does not then use, heat energy in waste gas and oil smoke is lost in vain, cause the heat utilization rate contained in waste gas and oil smoke not high.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove that can carry out fully recycling to the heat energy of the oil smoke volatilized in the waste gas produced after burning and pot body.
This high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove that the utility model provides, comprise body of heater, burner hearth and water tank, what the sidewall of described body of heater had the inner and body of heater outside of a connection burner hearth enters bavin mouth, the crater of a connection burner hearth inside and body of heater outside is had in the central upper portion of described body of heater, the ash hole of a connection burner hearth inside and body of heater outside is had in the bottom centre of described body of heater, described water tank is looped around body of heater surrounding, described lower portion of furnace body adopts back taper, this body of heater comprises the combustion-supporting chamber and go back to smoke chamber arranged successively from the inside to the outside, described combustion-supporting chamber is wrapped in burner hearth surrounding and is connected by the air blast of an air channel with body of heater outside, this combustion-supporting cavity wall has some air outlets be communicated with burner hearth inside, described combustion-supporting chamber is connected with ash hole by a dust fall switch with burner hearth, the heavy ash bin that one is equipped with non-flammable fluid is installed in the bottom of described ash hole, the top of described time smoke chamber is communicated with crater, ash hole is passed through in the bottom of this time smoke chamber, heavy ash bin is communicated with an air exhauster, the body of heater of described crater surrounding is provided with time cigarette kitchen range top be communicated with time smoke chamber, the bottom of this time cigarette kitchen range top is stretched into back in smoke chamber, the oil smoke entrance of the described time cigarette kitchen range top is evenly located at back on the inwall of the cigarette kitchen range top, returning in smoke chamber top inner wall inside the described time cigarette kitchen range top is vertically provided with a deep bead.
For ensureing efficiency of combustion of the present utility model, described enter the inlet side of bavin mouth one flip door is installed.
For ensureing combustion-supporting effect of the present utility model, described air outlet is evenly opened in the top of combustion-supporting cavity wall and bottom.
For ensureing of the present utility model time cigarette effect, the height of the described time cigarette kitchen range top is higher than the height of crater place pot body.
For ensureing that the utility model can not affect combustion efficiency while absorption oil smoke, described time the cigarette kitchen range top is located on the body of heater outside combustion-supporting chamber, and the bottom of this time cigarette kitchen range top adopts back taper.
Described water tank is looped around upper of furnace body surrounding.
For ensureing that the utility model also can mend wind when air blast is out-of-blast, the outboard end in described air channel is also communicated with one and manually blows switch.
The height of described deep bead parallels with time cigarette kitchen range top outlet at bottom.
This stove also comprises an inverted circular cone plate, and the top of this circular cone plate connects with the top of deep bead, and the bottom of this circular cone plate connects with the crater returned between smoke chamber and combustion-supporting chamber.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
1, make back to be full of negative pressure in smoke chamber by air exhauster exhausting, the portion that burning is produced rests on crater place, utilizes its heat to help burning, makes waste gas burning more abundant; Another part waste gas that the burning of crater surrounding produces and the interior oil smoke produced of pot body then can be inhaled into back smoke chamber from returning the cigarette kitchen range top, combustion-supporting chamber is transferred heat to by the inwall returning smoke chamber, utilize it to carry out insulation to combustion-supporting chamber and help heat, realize waste gas, oil smoke heat repeat recycle.
2, the back taper adopted by lower portion of furnace body and inside and outside double wrapped structure, make back the temperature flow of smoke chamber to the compacting flowing formed from top to down, the heat being positioned at back smoke chamber bottom gas be bound to when upwards volatilizing with combustion-supporting chamber bottom outer wall carry out heat exchange, thus carry out warming for it, ensure that temperature during burning.
3, the heavy ash bin installed by bottom of furnace body is collected the dust after burning, reduces the discharge of refuse.
The utility model structure is simple, and collection removing exhaust gas, fume eliminating, dedusting and heat energy are for being warmer than one, without any restrictions to the humidity of bavin material, improve the utilization rate of firewood fuel, improve the thermal efficiency, the discharge of flue dust can be greatly reduced, air pollution is greatly reduced.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the using state schematic diagram of prior art.
Detailed description of the invention
As can be seen from Figure 1, this high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove of the utility model, comprise body of heater 1, burner hearth 2, dust fall switch 3, water tank 4, air blast 5, heavy ash bin 6 and air exhauster 7, wherein body of heater 1 bottom adopts back taper, this body of heater 1 comprises the combustion-supporting chamber 11 and go back to smoke chamber 12 arranged successively from the inside to the outside, combustion-supporting chamber 11 is wrapped in burner hearth 2 surrounding and is connected by the air blast 5 of an air channel 13 with body of heater 1 outside, this combustion-supporting chamber 11 inwall has some air outlets 14 be communicated with burner hearth 2 inside, what the sidewall of body of heater 1 had inner and body of heater 1 outside of a connection burner hearth 2 enters bavin mouth 21, the crater 22 of connection burner hearth 2 inside and body of heater 1 outside is had in the central upper portion of body of heater 1, crater 22 is communicated with the top returning smoke chamber 12, the body of heater 1 of crater 22 surrounding is provided with time cigarette kitchen range top 15 be communicated with time smoke chamber 12, the bottom of this time cigarette kitchen range top 15 is stretched into back in smoke chamber 12, the oil smoke entrance 151 returning the cigarette kitchen range top 15 is evenly located at back on the inwall of the cigarette kitchen range top, returning in smoke chamber 12 top inner wall inside time cigarette kitchen range top 15 is vertically provided with a deep bead 16, the ash hole 23 of connection burner hearth 2 inside and body of heater 1 outside is had in the bottom centre of body of heater 1, dust fall switch 3 is arranged on combustion-supporting chamber 11 and between burner hearth 2 and ash hole 23, water tank 4 is looped around surrounding outside body of heater 1, heavy ash bin 6 is equipped with non-flammable fluid and is arranged on the bottom of ash hole 23, air exhauster 7 is by heavy ash bin 6, ash hole 23 is communicated with the bottom returning smoke chamber 12.
It can also be seen that from Fig. 1, the inlet side entering bavin mouth 21 at the utility model is provided with a flip door 24, air outlet 14 is evenly opened in the top of combustion-supporting chamber 11 inwall and bottom, return the height of height higher than crater place pot body of the cigarette kitchen range top 15, the height of deep bead 16 parallels with time cigarette kitchen range top 15 outlet at bottom.
It can also be seen that from Fig. 1, of the present utility model time the cigarette kitchen range top 15 is located on the body of heater 1 outside combustion-supporting chamber 11, and the bottom of this time cigarette kitchen range top 15 adopts back taper.
It can also be seen that from Fig. 1, water tank 4 of the present utility model is looped around body of heater 1 upper outside surrounding.
It can also be seen that from Fig. 1, the outboard end in the utility model air channel 13 is also communicated with a manual air-supply switch 8.
It can also be seen that from Fig. 1, the utility model also comprises an inverted circular cone plate 9, and the top of this circular cone plate 9 connects with the top of deep bead 16, and the bottom of this circular cone plate 9 connects with the crater 22 returned between smoke chamber 12 and combustion-supporting chamber 11.

Claims (9)

1. a high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove, comprise body of heater, burner hearth and water tank, what the sidewall of described body of heater had the inner and body of heater outside of a connection burner hearth enters bavin mouth, the crater of a connection burner hearth inside and body of heater outside is had in the central upper portion of described body of heater, the ash hole of a connection burner hearth inside and body of heater outside is had in the bottom centre of described body of heater, described water tank is looped around body of heater surrounding, it is characterized in that: described lower portion of furnace body adopts back taper, this body of heater comprises the combustion-supporting chamber and go back to smoke chamber arranged successively from the inside to the outside, described combustion-supporting chamber is wrapped in burner hearth surrounding and is connected by the air blast of an air channel with body of heater outside, this combustion-supporting cavity wall has some air outlets be communicated with burner hearth inside, described combustion-supporting chamber is connected with ash hole by a dust fall switch with burner hearth, the heavy ash bin that one is equipped with non-flammable fluid is installed in the bottom of described ash hole, the top of described time smoke chamber is communicated with crater, ash hole is passed through in the bottom of this time smoke chamber, heavy ash bin is communicated with an air exhauster, the body of heater of described crater surrounding is provided with time cigarette kitchen range top be communicated with time smoke chamber, the bottom of this time cigarette kitchen range top is stretched into back in smoke chamber, the oil smoke entrance of the described time cigarette kitchen range top is evenly located at back on the inwall of the cigarette kitchen range top, returning in smoke chamber top inner wall inside the described time cigarette kitchen range top is vertically provided with a deep bead.
2. high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described enter the inlet side of bavin mouth one flip door is installed.
3. high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described air outlet is evenly opened in the top of combustion-supporting cavity wall and bottom.
4. high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the height of the described time cigarette kitchen range top is higher than the height of crater place pot body.
5. high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described time the cigarette kitchen range top is located on the body of heater outside combustion-supporting chamber, and the bottom of this time cigarette kitchen range top adopts back taper.
6. high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described water tank is looped around upper of furnace body surrounding.
7. high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the outboard end in described air channel is also communicated with one and manually blows switch.
8. high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the height of described deep bead parallels with time cigarette kitchen range top outlet at bottom.
9. high-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that: this stove also comprises an inverted circular cone plate, and the top of this circular cone plate connects with the top of deep bead, and the bottom of this circular cone plate connects with the crater returned between smoke chamber and combustion-supporting chamber.
CN201520192240.6U 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 High-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove CN204554887U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520192240.6U CN204554887U (en) 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 High-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520192240.6U CN204554887U (en) 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 High-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204554887U true CN204554887U (en) 2015-08-12

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CN201520192240.6U CN204554887U (en) 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 High-efficiency energy-saving firewood stove

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105020884A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-04 烟台尚美丽家节能科技有限公司 Biomass combustion furnace
CN105202585A (en) * 2015-11-03 2015-12-30 无锡灵山之草现代农业有限公司 Biomass stove with high combustion efficiency and less smoke
CN106196180A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 四川省焱森炉业有限公司 A kind of cooking stove that can reduce the pot temperature difference

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105020884A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-04 烟台尚美丽家节能科技有限公司 Biomass combustion furnace
CN105202585A (en) * 2015-11-03 2015-12-30 无锡灵山之草现代农业有限公司 Biomass stove with high combustion efficiency and less smoke
CN106196180A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 四川省焱森炉业有限公司 A kind of cooking stove that can reduce the pot temperature difference

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150812

Termination date: 20190401

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee