CN204390080U - A kind of automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower - Google Patents

A kind of automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204390080U
CN204390080U CN201420502855.XU CN201420502855U CN204390080U CN 204390080 U CN204390080 U CN 204390080U CN 201420502855 U CN201420502855 U CN 201420502855U CN 204390080 U CN204390080 U CN 204390080U
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control
actuating unit
master control
sensor
automatic irrigating
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CN201420502855.XU
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牛少卿
宗金三
闫国栋
纪学伟
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Dayu Water Saving Tianjin Co Ltd
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Dayu Water Saving Tianjin Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower, it is characterized in that: comprise data input device, for inputting the initialization data of Greenhouse Flower; Sensor device, for obtaining the many kinds of parameters relevant with field irrigation; Master control set, is connected with data input device with sensor device, for accepting the many kinds of parameters that sensor device obtains, and after carrying out analytical calculation in conjunction with the primary data of data input device, sends signal instruction to actuating unit; Actuating unit is also connected with master control set; Described control system also comprises system power supply device, and running for whole system provides electric energy.Adopt master control set observing and controlling to realize Real-time Collection, the process of flower growth envirment factor information data, then export and control actuating unit, to realize ambient humidity, temperature and light according to the observing and controlling of intensity, reach and save water and energy, the effect of time and labour saving.

Description

A kind of automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower
Technical field
The utility model relates to water-saving irrigation field, is specifically related to a kind of automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of modern agriculture irrigation technique, drip irrigation economize technology obtains comprehensively to be popularized.Automatic irrigation system has become the only way of modern agricultural development.Booth automatic irrigation system can realize environment temperature and required moisture effectively manages, and is the important measures ensureing protected crop good quality and high output.Along with accurate cognition technology, the developing rapidly of fixing quantity technology, automatic control technology has had new development in water-saving irrigation, in good time by irrigation controller, appropriate pours water, at saving water, manually and in raising crop yield achieve certain effect, irrigation precision can be significantly improved, improve the utilization factor of water.
Therefore utilize modern information technologies to hold the variation of greenhouse-environment parameter, the automatic controlling level raising crop comprehensive benefit improving scientific application of irrigation and drip irrigation becomes and becomes more and more important with urgent.
Summary of the invention
Problem to be solved in the utility model adopts scm observe and control to realize Real-time Collection, the process of flower growth envirment factor information data, then export and control actuating unit, to realize ambient humidity, temperature and light according to the observing and controlling of intensity, reach and save water and energy, the effect of time and labour saving.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower, is characterized in that: comprise data input device, for inputting the initialization data of Greenhouse Flower; Sensor device, for obtaining the many kinds of parameters relevant with field irrigation; Master control set, is connected with data input device with sensor device, for accepting the many kinds of parameters that sensor device obtains, and after carrying out analytical calculation in conjunction with the primary data of data input device, sends signal instruction to actuating unit; Actuating unit is also connected with master control set; Described control system also comprises system power supply device, and running for whole system provides electric energy.
Further, described data input device is external connection keyboard.
Described sensor device comprises humidity sensor, temperature sensor and optical sensor, is all connected with master control set.
Described master control set is AT89S52 single-chip microcomputer.
Described master control set also comprises wireless signal receiver and transmitter.
Described actuating unit comprises irrigates actuating unit, window actuating unit and curtain actuating unit, is all connected with master control set.
Described irrigation actuating unit comprises solenoid valve and relay; Solenoid valve is connected with relay, and relay connects master control set.
Described window actuating unit comprises window motor and driver; Window motor is connected with driver, and driver connects master control set.
Described curtain actuating unit comprises curtain stepper motor and stepper motor driver; Curtain stepper motor is connected with stepper motor driver, and stepper motor driver connects master control set.
Further, described system power supply device solar cell trigger power storage cell; Solar panel conversion solar can charge for power storage cell, and power storage cell connects master control set.
The advantage that the utility model has and good effect are: 1) this Greenhouse Flower irrigation control system, the various environmental parameters (as illumination, temperature, humidity etc.) affecting flower growth is all remained on the state of suitable flower growth, and use minimum environmental control unit (daylighting, shading, ventilation, be incubated, heat, use C02 etc.) as far as possible, water saving water saving, time saving and energy saving.
2) open and close irrigation system according to the water demand of flowers, realize general control.
3) environment temperature of flower growth, soil moisture and intensity of illumination is detected by sensor, the upper lower limit value of the temperature, humidity and the intensity of illumination that require according to the plant of setting, come gauge tap window, solenoid valve and curtain by single-chip microcomputer, thus regulate temperature, humidity and illumination.When air themperature is higher than higher limit, automatically opens the window and carry out Temperature fall, then automatically close when reaching required value.Realize optimum growh environment.
4) in indoor environment, soil moisture is important factor, require when soil moisture content too low oneself can not meet flowers Minimum requirements time, just opening solenoid valve and irrigate, is shut electromagnetic valve when humidity meets the demands.Realize pouring water as required.
5), when intensity of illumination is higher than higher limit, close curtain and reduce illumination, intensity of illumination is low, opens curtain net.Realize curtain automatically to control.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model automatic irrigating control system
Fig. 2 is the control principle logic diagram of the utility model automatic irrigating control system
Fig. 3 is the process flow diagram of the utility model automatic irrigating control system temperature control program
Fig. 4 is the process flow diagram of the utility model automatic irrigating control system soil moisture control program
Fig. 5 is the process flow diagram of the utility model automatic irrigating control system intensity of illumination control program
Fig. 6 is the capable principle flow chart of the utility model automatic irrigating control system
In figure:
1, master control set; 2, system power supply device; 3, actuating unit; 4, sensor device
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower, comprises data input device, and in this embodiment, data input device is external connection keyboard, for inputting the initialization data of Greenhouse Flower.
Sensor device 4, for obtaining the many kinds of parameters relevant with field irrigation; Sensor device 4 comprises humidity sensor, temperature sensor and optical sensor, is all connected with master control set 1.
Master control set 1 is the AT89S52 single-chip microcomputer containing hardware circuit, and this single-chip microcomputer is used for the analytical calculation of irrigation decision.By accepting the many kinds of parameters that sensor device obtains, and after carrying out analytical calculation in conjunction with the primary data of data input device, send signal instruction to actuating unit 3.Master control set 1 also includes reception of wireless signals and sending module.
In addition, actuating unit 3 comprises irrigates actuating unit, window actuating unit and curtain actuating unit, is all connected with master control set 1.Wherein, irrigate actuating unit and comprise solenoid valve and relay; Solenoid valve is connected with relay, and relay connects master control set 1;
Window actuating unit comprises window motor and driver; Window motor is connected with driver, and driver connects master control set 1;
Curtain actuating unit comprises curtain stepper motor and stepper motor driver; Curtain stepper motor is connected with stepper motor driver, and stepper motor driver connects master control set 1.
Control system also comprises system power supply device 2, and running for whole system provides electric energy.System power supply device 2 comprises solar panel and power storage cell; Solar cell is charge in batteries by charge integrated circuit, and the output of battery is that single-chip microcomputer is powered through voltage regulation filtering, avoids the larger change of voltage.
As shown in Figure 2, the control method of Greenhouse Flower automatic irrigating control system of the present invention is, by humidity sensor, temperature sensor and optical sensor gather the various parameters of flowers, and contrast with the set-point of the initialization data of Greenhouse Flower, analyzed according to comparing result by single-chip microcomputer, and send order tape dynamic irrigation actuating unit, window actuating unit and curtain actuating unit perform, after execution, the various parameters of flowers change, humidity sensor, temperature sensor and optical sensor continue the various parameters gathering flowers, repeat above action, make it to reach a mobile equilibrium.
As shown in Figure 3, the temperature-controlled process of control system is as follows: start, by data input device initialization system temperature primary data, the simulating signal inputted by temperature sensor carries out changing, Treatment Analysis comparing with primary data limit value, the simulating signal inputted by temperature sensor carries out changing, Treatment Analysis comparing with primary data limit value, judge temperature whether lower than the lower limit of primary data, if YES, then Single-chip Controlling driver drives window motor cuts out window, returns beginning; If NO, then judge temperature whether higher than the higher limit of primary data, if YES, Single-chip Controlling driver drives window motor is opend the window, and returns beginning; If NO, then return beginning.
As shown in Figure 4, the humidity control method of control system is as follows: start, by data input device initialization system humidity primary data, the simulating signal inputted by optical sensor carries out changing, Treatment Analysis comparing with primary data limit value, judge humidity whether lower than the lower limit of primary data, if YES, then Single-chip Controlling relay is opened solenoid valve and is irrigated, and returns beginning; If NO, then judge humidity whether higher than the higher limit of primary data, if YES, Single-chip Controlling cut-off solenoid valve stops irrigating, and returns beginning, if NO, returns beginning.
As shown in Figure 5, the intensity of illumination control method of control system is as follows: start, by data input device initialization system intensity of illumination primary data, the intensity of illumination data collected by optical sensor and primary data compare, judge intensity of illumination whether lower than the lower limit of primary data, if YES, then Single-chip Controlling stepper motor driver drives curtain stepper motor to open curtain, returns beginning; If NO, then judge intensity of illumination whether higher than the higher limit of primary data, if YES, then Single-chip Controlling stepper motor driver drives curtain stepper motor to close curtain, returns beginning; If NO, return beginning.
As shown in Figure 6, native system is through excess temperature, the sensor that humidity and illumination detect is the temperature of measurand, humidity illumination converts voltage signal to, send into after being converted to 0-1 digital signal in single-chip microcomputer, with the given temperature that will control, humidity value compares, according to the parameter arranged in AT89S52 single board computer, export relevant temperature, the value of the controlled device motor that humidity value is corresponding and solenoid valve, power system is driven to do corresponding motion, the difference of settings in continuous minimizing and single-chip microcomputer, when temperature is too high, Single-chip Controlling DC motor driver is opend the window, carry out natural heat dissipation, window is closed when temperature is applicable to.When soil moisture is too low, single-chip microcomputer makes it open by Control solenoid valve to water, shut electromagnetic valve when humidity is moderate after watering.Lighting detecting circuit converts intensity of illumination to 0-1 code, and input single-chip microcomputer, cuts out curtain when illumination is crossed strong, open curtain when illumination is applicable to.Temperature humidity constantly detects, control, and makes it to reach a balance dynamically.
System carries out careful judgement by environment temperature, soil moisture, intensity of illumination after power-up initializing, and when environment temperature is too high, system will be opend the window and be dispelled the heat, and when environment temperature is too low, system will close window; When soil moisture is too low, carry out irrigation humidification; When interior illumination intensity is more weak, opens curtain and be beneficial to sunlight irradiation, time too high, then close curtain.
Above embodiment of the present utility model has been described in detail, but described content being only preferred embodiment of the present invention, can not being considered to for limiting practical range of the present invention.All equalizations done according to the scope of the invention change and improve, and all should still belong within this patent covering scope.

Claims (9)

1. for an automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower, it is characterized in that: comprise data input device, for inputting the initialization data of Greenhouse Flower; Sensor device, for obtaining the many kinds of parameters relevant with field irrigation; Master control set, is connected with data input device with sensor device, for accepting the many kinds of parameters that sensor device obtains, and after carrying out analytical calculation in conjunction with the primary data of data input device, sends signal instruction to actuating unit; Actuating unit is also connected with master control set; Described control system also comprises system power supply device, and running for whole system provides electric energy; Described sensor device comprises humidity sensor, temperature sensor and optical sensor, is all connected with master control set.
2. automatic irrigating control system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described data input device is external connection keyboard.
3. automatic irrigating control system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described master control set is AT89S52 single-chip microcomputer.
4. automatic irrigating control system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described master control set also comprises wireless signal receiver and transmitter.
5. automatic irrigating control system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described actuating unit comprises irrigates actuating unit, window actuating unit and curtain actuating unit, is all connected with master control set.
6. automatic irrigating control system according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described irrigation actuating unit comprises solenoid valve and relay; Solenoid valve is connected with relay, and relay connects master control set.
7. automatic irrigating control system according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described window actuating unit comprises window motor and driver; Window motor is connected with driver, and driver connects master control set.
8. automatic irrigating control system according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described curtain actuating unit comprises curtain stepper motor and stepper motor driver; Curtain stepper motor is connected with stepper motor driver, and stepper motor driver connects master control set.
9. the automatic irrigating control system according to any one of claim 1-8, is characterized in that: described system power supply device solar cell trigger power storage cell; Solar panel conversion solar can charge for power storage cell, and power storage cell connects master control set.
CN201420502855.XU 2014-09-02 2014-09-02 A kind of automatic irrigating control system for Greenhouse Flower Active CN204390080U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105159370A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-16 内蒙古山路光伏应用技术研究有限公司 Solar photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse
CN105630045A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-06-01 北京联合大学 System and method for intelligently growing flowers
CN112034911A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-12-04 徐州工业职业技术学院 Small-size energy-conserving formula intelligent greenhouse control system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105159370A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-16 内蒙古山路光伏应用技术研究有限公司 Solar photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse
CN105630045A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-06-01 北京联合大学 System and method for intelligently growing flowers
CN105630045B (en) * 2015-12-28 2018-03-20 北京联合大学 A kind of intelligent system and method for raising flowers
CN112034911A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-12-04 徐州工业职业技术学院 Small-size energy-conserving formula intelligent greenhouse control system
CN112034911B (en) * 2020-09-01 2021-04-06 徐州工业职业技术学院 Small-size energy-conserving formula intelligent greenhouse control system

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