CN204443403U - Vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system - Google Patents

Vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204443403U
CN204443403U CN201520090545.6U CN201520090545U CN204443403U CN 204443403 U CN204443403 U CN 204443403U CN 201520090545 U CN201520090545 U CN 201520090545U CN 204443403 U CN204443403 U CN 204443403U
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China
Prior art keywords
sensor
controller
greenhouse
booth
environment
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520090545.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
付焕森
李元贵
夏华凤
曹健
于晶晶
丁展
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Taizhou University
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Taizhou University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system, comprising: multiple sensor for gathering crop growth environment parameter in booth, and each sensor connects a master controller, master controller attended operation panel and wireless communication module; The host computer be connected with master controller, host computer connects a display; Master controller connects the executing agency for regulating booth environment.Sensor for gathering crop growth environment parameter in booth comprises: air temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, CO 2concentration sensor, optical sensor, soil moisture sensor and soil nutrient sensor.Executing agency comprises: frequency converter and the water pump group be connected with frequency converter, light filling controller group, and dimmer control group, ventilation controller group, heats controller group, CO 2controller group, and fertilization controller group.Native system is convenient to grower and is regulated environmental parameter each in booth by Artificial Control process or closed-loop automatic control process.

Description

Vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system
Technical field
The utility model relates to the booth of planting vegetable, especially a kind of control system of green house of vegetables.
Background technology
Growing vegetables mode traditional at present has more and more been difficult to the demand meeting people.The vegetables of field plantation in the wild, owing to being subject to the impact of cold climate in winter, growing vegetables kind is restricted, and vegetable growth is slow.When cold wave arrives, also can there is extensive freeze injury situation in the vegetables in field, field.
Therefore, in the winter time, peasant has used booth to carry out planting vegetable now, all improves a lot to the yield and quality of the crops such as vegetables.In booth during planting vegetable, peasant generally still adopts manual type, and rely on the operations such as plantation experience is for many years incubated vegetables, humidification, fertilising, the artificial length consuming time of this mode, judges inaccurate, and efficiency is not high.The growing environment parameter of crops, as temperature, humidity, gas concentration lwevel etc. cannot be learned in time, needs peasant to enter booth, relies on the sense organ of human body to judge.Existing booth also cannot realize the growing environment parameter according to crops, realizes the control procedure of automation, as performed the action such as spray, ventilation.Peasant is watering and is applying fertilizer, and ventilation parameters temperature, when regulating humidity, do not consider and influence each other each other, namely the problem be coupled, efficiency lower and cost higher problem when causing green house Artificial Control, also brings and artificial judgment coupling between nutrient of watering in the moisture and soil that bring cannot there is the problem of water and fertilizer coupling, vegetables nutrient loss, quality can be caused to decline and production declining.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system, can according to the growing environment parameter of crops, realize the process of Automated condtrol green house environment, effectively can solve the problem of temp. and humidity coupling, water and fertilizer coupling in vegetable greenhouse booth, guarantee that vegetables grow in adapt circumstance, greatly improve the yield and quality of vegetable greenhouse and reduce the consumption of the greenhouse energy.The technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system, comprising:
Multiple sensor for gathering crop growth environment parameter in booth, each sensor connects a master controller, described master controller attended operation panel and wireless communication module;
The host computer be connected with master controller, described host computer connects a display;
Master controller connects the executing agency for regulating booth environment.
Further, the described sensor for gathering crop growth environment parameter in booth comprises:
Air temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, CO 2concentration sensor, optical sensor, soil moisture sensor and soil nutrient sensor.
Further, described executing agency comprises:
Frequency converter and the water pump group be connected with frequency converter, light filling controller group, dimmer control group, ventilation controller group, heats controller group, CO 2controller group, and fertilization controller group.
Further, master controller adopts PLC module.
The utility model has the advantage of: this control system can effectively control vegetable greenhouse environment, achieve the Real-time Collection of crop growth environment parameter, be convenient to grower regulated, for vegetable growth in booth provides good greenhouse environmental parameter each in booth by Artificial Control process or closed-loop automatic control process.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure of the present utility model and connection diagram.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with concrete drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system that the utility model proposes, comprises multiple sensor for gathering crop growth environment parameter in booth, as air temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, CO 2concentration sensor, optical sensor, soil moisture sensor and soil nutrient sensor etc.These sensors all connect master controller, can send the parameters such as the air themperature of collection, air humidity, gas concentration lwevel, illuminance, soil moisture, soil nutrient to master controller.Master controller adopts PLC module (field programmable logic controller), and it is attended operation panel and wireless communication module also.Wherein wireless communication module specifically can adopt GPRS module or WIFI module, can be connected with mobile phone or remote computer.
Master controller connects a host computer; Host computer connects display.Host computer is a computer being provided with existing database.The various crop growth environment parameters gathered show by the display of host computer, facilitate grower to observe the growing environment parameter of crops.By the graphic interface of host computer, executing agency can also be controlled, to regulate booth environment.In the present embodiment, the graphic interface of host computer designs with Matlab GUI.Also the inquiry of growing environment parameter, statistics and printing is conveniently carried out by host computer.
Master controller connects executing agency, and the water pump group that described executing agency comprises frequency converter and is connected with frequency converter, light filling controller group, dimmer control group, ventilation controller group, heats controller group, CO 2controller group, and fertilization controller group.
Frequency converter and the water pump group be connected with frequency converter are used for spraying in booth, adjustable air humidity and soil moisture.
Light filling controller group comprises light filling controller and corresponding illuminating lamp, the intensity of illumination in adjustable booth.
Dimmer control group comprises dimmer control and corresponding electronic window-blind, when sunshine is strong, by covering part booth, can realize the object of regulating illumination intensity.
Ventilation controller group comprises ventilation controller and fan, can be used for the forced ventilation of booth, realizes regulating air themperature, humidity, and reduces CO in booth 2the object of concentration,
Heat controller group to comprise and heat controller and electric heater, when environmental temperature is too low, can heat in booth.
CO 2controller group has two schemes at present, first CO 2compressed gas cylinder connects an electrically-controlled valve, can raise gas concentration lwevel in booth; It two can be a stove of making charcoal, and produces CO by making charcoal 2gas.The present embodiment adopts the former.The latter's use cost is low, but needs manual operation, more difficultly realizes Automated condtrol.
Fertilization controller group comprises fertilizer can (built with liquid fertilizer), and fertilizer can to lead in booth pipeline everywhere, and the electrically-controlled valve on pipeline.By the control to fertilization controller group, adjustable soil nutrient.
This control system Artificial Control also can be set as Automatic Control.During Artificial Control, the man-machine interface of direct use guidance panel or use host computer, by the action of main controller controls executing agency, regulates vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment, and simultaneously by the effect that the display Real Time Observation of host computer regulates, reach the environment of applicable institute Planting Crops.
When needing Automatic Control, the plantation expert data parameter library of multiple kinds of crops then can be preset in advance in the database of host computer, when planting a kind of crops, crop growth environment parameter in each sensor Real-time Collection booth, host computer is after receiving each growing environment parameter of collection, understand each recommended parameter that in automatic and expert data parameter library, these crops are suitable to compare, then by the action of main controller controls corresponding executing agency, realize the decoupling zero of temp. and humidity and water and fertilizer coupling etc., improve hothouse production yield and quality.
Grower can also use mobile phone and computer to utilize network remote to access this control system, and the operation carrying out being correlated with controls.
The utility model by gathering green house environmental parameter, then regulates humidification, intensification etc. to perform an action by controller according to pre-setting value, thus can ensure the good growing environment of vegetables in greenhouse.

Claims (4)

1. a vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system, is characterized in that, comprising:
Multiple sensor for gathering crop growth environment parameter in booth, each sensor connects a master controller, described master controller attended operation panel and wireless communication module;
The host computer be connected with master controller, described host computer connects a display;
Master controller connects the executing agency for regulating booth environment.
2. vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
The described sensor for gathering crop growth environment parameter in booth comprises:
Air temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, CO 2concentration sensor, optical sensor, soil moisture sensor and soil nutrient sensor.
3. vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described executing agency comprises:
Frequency converter and the water pump group be connected with frequency converter, light filling controller group, dimmer control group, ventilation controller group, heats controller group, CO 2controller group, and fertilization controller group.
4. vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Master controller adopts PLC module.
CN201520090545.6U 2015-02-09 2015-02-09 Vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system Expired - Fee Related CN204443403U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520090545.6U CN204443403U (en) 2015-02-09 2015-02-09 Vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520090545.6U CN204443403U (en) 2015-02-09 2015-02-09 Vegetable greenhouse greenhouse-environment decoupling and controlling system

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CN204443403U true CN204443403U (en) 2015-07-08

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105022340A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-04 苏州华拓信息技术有限公司 Greenhouse detection system
CN106171675A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 无锡华兆泓光电科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent plant light compensation device based on warmhouse booth
CN106774535A (en) * 2015-11-23 2017-05-31 安徽皓天智能环境设备科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent greenhouse environmental control system
CN106873686A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-06-20 深圳市瑞荣创电子科技有限公司 Intelligent strawberry hot-house culture system and control method
CN109087212A (en) * 2018-10-10 2018-12-25 贵州网安科技发展有限公司 Agricultural production greenhouse regulation device based on big data platform

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105022340A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-04 苏州华拓信息技术有限公司 Greenhouse detection system
CN106774535A (en) * 2015-11-23 2017-05-31 安徽皓天智能环境设备科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent greenhouse environmental control system
CN106171675A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 无锡华兆泓光电科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent plant light compensation device based on warmhouse booth
CN106873686A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-06-20 深圳市瑞荣创电子科技有限公司 Intelligent strawberry hot-house culture system and control method
CN109087212A (en) * 2018-10-10 2018-12-25 贵州网安科技发展有限公司 Agricultural production greenhouse regulation device based on big data platform

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Granted publication date: 20150708

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee