CN204330016U - Integration commutator detecting device - Google Patents

Integration commutator detecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204330016U
CN204330016U CN201420812613.0U CN201420812613U CN204330016U CN 204330016 U CN204330016 U CN 204330016U CN 201420812613 U CN201420812613 U CN 201420812613U CN 204330016 U CN204330016 U CN 204330016U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
commutator
station
block
detection
high pressure
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420812613.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金良
金杰
宋立峰
葛建华
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SHAOXING AXIS AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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SHAOXING AXIS AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201420812613.0U priority Critical patent/CN204330016U/en
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Publication of CN204330016U publication Critical patent/CN204330016U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses integrated commutator detecting device, belongs to commutator detection technique field.Described pick-up unit comprises base, and is arranged on high pressure resistant testing agency, the high pressure resistant testing agency of bobbin and discharge mechanism between feed mechanism on base, transfer mechanism, go-no go gauge testing agency, inner diameter measurement mechanism, outer diameter detection mechanism, height detection mechanism, sheet.Integrated commutator detecting device described in the utility model, can once detect simultaneously the internal diameter of commutator, external diameter, highly, high pressure resistant and off-axis is high pressure resistant between sheet, and can the commutator after detection be classified automatically, there is the features such as measuring accuracy is high, good stability, failure rate is low.

Description

Integration commutator detecting device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of integrated commutator detecting device, belongs to commutator detection technique field.
Background technology
Commutator is (English: commutator) to be commonly called as commutator, parts in order to motor can be allowed to continue to rotate down on DC permanent magnet series-wound motor, commutator surrounds round by several contact chip, connect each contact on motor rotor respectively, two electrodes that outside connects are called brush.Commutator principle of work is: when motor winding is by after electric current, can under the effect of permanent magnet, by attracting and repulsive force rotation, when it forward to balance with magnet time, originally the contact led on the more corresponding commutator of line of electricity is just separated with brush, and brush is connected to meet and produces on the contact corresponding to that group coil of expulsive force, so ceaselessly repeat down, direct current motor has just been turned over.
Commutator, before dispatching from the factory, needs to carry out a series of size detection (height, internal diameter, external diameter etc. of commutator) and insulation resistance detection etc.Traditional commutator detects and all adopts manual completing, and there is the defects such as efficiency is low, detecting reliability is poor.
In view of this, the present inventor studies this, and develop a kind of integrated commutator detecting device specially, this case produces thus.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of integrated commutator detecting device, can once detect simultaneously the internal diameter of commutator, external diameter, highly, high pressure resistant and off-axis is high pressure resistant between sheet, and can the commutator after detection be classified automatically, there is the features such as measuring accuracy is high, good stability, failure rate is low.
To achieve these goals, solution of the present utility model is:
Integration commutator bore pick-up unit, comprise base, and the feed mechanism be arranged on base, transfer mechanism, go-no go gauge testing agency, inner diameter measurement mechanism, outer diameter detection mechanism, height detection mechanism, high pressure resistant testing agency between sheet, the high pressure resistant testing agency of bobbin and discharge mechanism, the station platform of described base is respectively equipped with the go-no go gauge corresponding with each testing agency above-mentioned and detects station, inner diameter measurement station, external diameter detects station, height detection station, high pressure resistant detection station and the high pressure resistant detection station of bobbin between sheet, described discharge mechanism comprises and is arranged on pushing material component between each station and hopper, for the unacceptable product after detection and certified products are pushed corresponding hopper, described transfer mechanism comprise displacement sheet and control displacement sheet action move left and right parts and front and back push parts, described displacement sheet lower surface is higher than station platform, displacement sheet is provided with multiple groove corresponding with each station, for commutator being transported to corresponding station, between sheet high pressure resistant detection station respective slot front 2 grooves and with on front 2 grooves of bobbin high pressure resistant detection station respective slot, be respectively equipped with one division block, described calibration block is obliquely installed, the face that calibration block contacts with commutator is provided with a hemisphere jut, by coordinating of gap between adjacent 2 contact chips of hemisphere jut and commutator, realize the location of commutator, and then make commutator contact chip accurately can aim at the measuring head of subsequent detection mechanism, described pick-up unit comprises control module further, control module is connected with discharge mechanism, for controlling each mechanism action with high pressure resistant testing agency, the high pressure resistant testing agency of bobbin between feed mechanism, transfer mechanism, go-no go gauge testing agency, inner diameter measurement mechanism, outer diameter detection mechanism, height detection mechanism, sheet respectively by signal wire.
As preferably, described feed mechanism comprises X direction guiding rail, be movably arranged on X on X direction guiding rail to slide block, Y-direction guide rail, be movably arranged on the Y-direction slide block on Y-direction guide rail, Z-direction guide rail, be movably arranged on the Z-direction slide block on Z-direction guide rail, described Z-direction guide rail is fixedly mounted on X on slide block by support, described Y-direction guide rail is fixedly mounted on Z-direction slide block by web joint, gas pawl is arranged on Y-direction slide block by web member, described X is to slide block, Y-direction slide block, Z-direction slide block is equipped with propelling movement one and pushes cylinder, gas pawl is made to realize three-dimensional motion, commutator to be measured is transported to and specifies on station to be measured, described gas pawl comprises two intermediate plates in left and right, and the clamping part of two intermediate plates is circular arc, and its size is consistent with commutator brush track diameter, and make stickiness in clamping process better, when preventing from transmitting, commutator is shifted or drops.
As preferably, the parts (X to) that move left and right of described transfer mechanism comprise the first propelling movement cylinder, and with the first the first slide block pushing cylinders, described front and back push parts (Y-direction) and comprise the second propelling movement cylinder, and with the second the second slide block pushing cylinders, described second slide block is connected with displacement sheet, move left and right parts (X to) and front and back push parts (Y-direction) for driving the movement of displacement sheet, displacement sheet is by the action of two cylinders, realize left-right and front-back to move back and forth, each commutator on station platform is moved to next station.
As preferably, described go-no go gauge testing agency comprises go-no go gauge and the Connection Block for fixing go-no go gauge, the top of described go-no go gauge is provided with the first cylinder, for driving go-no go gauge downwards and move upward, detection station corresponding to go-no go gauge is provided with flexure strip, because in testing process, be easy to the resistance that stretches into strengthening go-no go gauge because of the error of perpendicularity of commutator axis hole and station platform upper surface, arranging of flexure strip can revise this vertical error voluntarily, go-no go gauge bottom is made to enter the axis hole of commutator smoothly, described flexure strip can adopt silica gel piece or sheet rubber, the below that go-no go gauge detects station is provided with the second cylinder further, and the centre that go-no go gauge detects station is provided with through hole, and the second cylinder pushes the go-no go gauge after detecting by described through hole, prevents it stuck in commutator axis hole, affects subsequent detection, the lower end of described Connection Block is provided with a baffle plate, the lower surface of baffle plate is apart from tested commutator top 2 ~ 4mm, the effect of baffle plate is: when go-no go gauge exits commutator axis hole, prevent commutator because friction force rises thereupon, the lower surface of baffle plate is provided with silica gel piece, and commutator upper surface can be protected to be squeezed wound by baffle plate, described first cylinder is provided with multiple magnetic switch, is respectively used to the retracted position of detection first cylinder piston rod, and then obtains each detected state of go-no go gauge.
As preferably, the first cylinder of described go-no go gauge testing agency is provided with 3 magnetic switchs, lays respectively at the top of the first cylinder piston rod, centre and bottom, when top magnetic switch closes, illustrates that the first cylinder piston rod is retracted into original state; Intermediate magnetic switch closes, and during the magnetic switch non-closed of bottom, illustrate that go-no go gauge drift enters commutator axis hole, cuckoo is positioned at outside commutator axis hole; Intermediate magnetic switch closes, and when bottom magnetic switch also closes, illustrates that the drift of go-no go gauge and no-go gage all enter commutator axis hole; Intermediate magnetic switch non-closed, bottom magnetic switch also non-closed time, illustrate that the drift of go-no go gauge and no-go gage all fail to enter commutator axis hole.
As preferably, described inner diameter measurement mechanism comprises operator's console, Lift Part and detection part etc., wherein, detection part is fixedly mounted on below Lift Part, operator's console by signal wire respectively with Lift Part, detection part is connected, described detection part comprises X to detection part and Y-direction detection part, X includes a displacement transducer to detection part and Y-direction detection part, test aircraft, make dynamic air cylinder and measuring claw, measuring claw is arranged on below test aircraft, displacement transducer and be arranged in the middle of test aircraft as dynamic air cylinder, in test aircraft elastomer block, the opening and closing of control survey pawl are carried out by start cylinder action, the deformational displacement of test aircraft elastomer block measured in real time by displacement transducer, the lifting motor that described Lift Part comprises the guide rod be arranged on transfer mechanism station platform, is movably arranged on the lifting table on guide rod and is arranged on above lifting table, detection part is fixedly mounted on the below of lifting table, lifting motor is arranged on the top of guide rod by motor fixed station, lifting table is connected with motor by leading screw, lifting table, under the effect of lifting motor and leading screw, can slide up and down along guide rod, described test aircraft comprises fixed frame and is vertically mounted on the elastomer block in the middle of fixed frame, makes the through hole level that dynamic air cylinder and displacement transducer be each passed through in fixed frame and elastomer block and is arranged in test aircraft, described elastomer block is made up of two spring leafs and the block be positioned in the middle of spring leaf, two spring leaf one end are connected with fixed frame, and the other end is connected with block, and the piston rod making dynamic air cylinder contacts with block, be used for promoting elastomer block, thus the opening and closing of control survey pawl, the probe of displacement transducer also contacts with block, and detect the deformational displacement of elastomer block in real time, 2 ends of 2 spring leafs are equipped with DISCRETE ELASTIC SUPPORTS, the all parallel installation of spring leaf and block, when there is not deformation, 4 DISCRETE ELASTIC SUPPORTS form a rectangle, in deformation process, become into parallelogram gradually, also be provided with a spring between described block and fixed frame, the elasticity coefficient of this spring is less than or greater than the elasticity coefficient of above-mentioned spring leaf, shakes in measuring process for preventing measuring claw, institute's displacement sensors and block contact position are provided with a contact chip, and contact chip hardness is high and smooth, can select glass sheet or piezoid, described Y-direction and X are made up of to measuring claw 2 semi-cylindrical survey mass, one of them survey mass is fixedly mounted on the fixed frame of side frame, the lateral surface of its circular arc is provided with 2 salient points, another survey mass is fixedly mounted in the elastomer block of test aircraft, the lateral surface of its circular arc is provided with 1 salient point, and above-mentioned 3 salient points are isosceles triangle on columniform measuring claw.When elastic deformation does not occur elastomer block, leave spacing between two survey mass, be generally 0.5-3mm, for elastic deformation provides enough spaces.
As preferably, described outer diameter detection mechanism comprises and is arranged on external diameter respectively and detects V-shaped groove on station and displacement detecting assembly, the displaced block that described displacement detecting assembly is comprised fixed mount, is connected with fixed mount by spring, opposite side relative with spring in displaced block is provided with measuring head, measuring head, just to V-shaped groove, fixed mount is provided with further the draft cylinder of displacement transducer for detecting the displaced block amount of moving forward and backward and stretching displaced block.
As preferably, described height detection mechanism comprises fixed mount, by the displaced block that spring is connected with fixed mount, the lower end of displaced block is provided with measuring head, measuring head, just to height detection station, fixed mount is provided with further the displacement transducer for detecting the displaced block amount of moving up and down and the draft cylinder promoting displaced block rising.
As preferably, between described, high pressure resistant testing agency comprises fixed mount, be movably arranged on the measuring head on fixed mount, and for promoting the propelling movement cylinder that measuring head moves up and down, described measuring head comprises measurement bay, measurement bay is provided with the through hole corresponding with commutator contact chip, the through hole of odd bits wears same wire, form the first electrode, the through hole of even bit wears another root wire, form the second electrode, the bottom of described measurement bay through hole is equipped with the elasticity measurement pin contacted with electrode, described first electrode is connected with high voltage testing device respectively with the second electrode, for surveyingpin provides the voltage higher than 550V, between described, high pressure resistant detection station is provided with insulating resin plate, prevent from conducting electricity at worktable when detecting, the centre of described measurement bay is provided with guidepost, the periphery of elasticity measurement pin is provided with 2 symmetrical guiding ribs, for confirming commutator contact chip and each elasticity measurement pin one_to_one corresponding.
As preferably, the high pressure resistant testing agency of described bobbin comprises fixed mount, be movably arranged on the measuring head on fixed mount, and for promoting the propelling movement cylinder that measuring head moves up and down, described measuring head comprises measurement bay, measurement bay is provided with the through hole corresponding with commutator contact chip, all through holes wear same wire, form the first electrode, the centre of described measurement bay is provided with conductive pole, form the second electrode, the bottom of described measurement bay through hole is equipped with the elasticity measurement pin contacted with electrode, described first electrode is connected with high voltage testing device respectively with the second electrode, for surveyingpin provides the voltage higher than 3000V, the high pressure resistant detection station of described bobbin is provided with insulating resin plate further, prevent from conducting electricity on the table when detecting, the periphery of described elasticity measurement pin is provided with 2 symmetrical guiding ribs, for confirming commutator contact chip and each elasticity measurement pin one_to_one corresponding.
As preferably, described discharge mechanism comprises and is separately positioned on inner diameter measurement station, external diameter detects station, height detection station, the pushing material component of high pressure resistant detection station and the next station of the high pressure resistant detection station of bobbin and hopper between sheet, described pushing material component comprises the expeller be arranged on station platform, each expeller is all connected with one and pushes cylinder, hopper mouth is just to below expeller, described hopper comprises internal diameter and does not conform to cell, external diameter does not conform to cell, highly do not conform to cell, withstand voltagely between sheet do not conform to cell, bobbin is withstand voltage does not conform to cell and certified products groove, before commutator after detection is moved to expeller by displacement sheet, then corresponding hopper is pushed by the expeller of correspondence, realize classifying to the detection of commutator.
As preferably, the top of described station platform is provided with a commutator and pushes cylinder, detects station for the commutator on station to be checked being pushed to go-no go gauge.
As preferably, described base is provided with outer cover further, avoids dust and steam to enter each testing agency, affect Detection results.
As preferably, described control module is PLC module, and PLC module interface mainly comprises special purpose interface, input interface and output interface, and special purpose interface refers to the interfaces such as serial ports, is directly connected carries out communication with operator's console touch-screen; Input interface is connected with the switch etc. of button, each testing agency, uses as signal input; Output interface is connected with solenoid valve, by driving the action of solenoid valve, thus the stretching out and retraction of control cylinder piston rod.PLC stable performance, anti-external interference ability is stronger, and interface is complete, very easy to use, is applicable to very much Industry Control occasion and uses.
Compared with prior art, above-mentioned commutator bore pick-up unit tool has the following advantages:
1., by each testing agency, disposablely automatically can complete high pressure resistant detection between go-no go gauge detection, inner diameter measurement, external diameter detection, height detection, sheet, the high pressure resistant detection of bobbin, and unacceptable product automatic clustering can be realized, be convenient to post-processed;
2, carrying out first carrying out angular setting by calibration block before high pressure resistant detection and the high pressure resistant detection of bobbin between sheet, the accuracy measured can be ensured, can operation be saved again, and calibration block is obliquely installed, adjust more convenient, better reliability, and cost is lower;
3, outer diameter detection mechanism and height detection mechanism all adopt the elastic force of spring to act on commutator, compare cylinder direct action, and the power that commutator can be made to be subject to is softer, more stable, and measurement data is more accurate;
4, during commutator inner diameter measurement, measured by go-no go gauge and combine both the numeral measuring jaw measurement of inner diameter measurement mechanism, accurately can reject that commutator axis hole is less than normal, commutator axis hole upper end is bigger than normal and commutator axis hole lower end three kinds of unacceptable products bigger than normal.
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the commutator bore pick-up unit perspective view of the present embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the commutator bore pick-up unit front view (not comprising outer cover) of the present embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the commutator bore pick-up unit station platform vertical view of the present embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the feed mechanism perspective view of the present embodiment;
Fig. 5 is each testing agency's structural representation of the present embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the outer diameter detection mechanism perspective view of the present embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the height detection mechanism perspective view of the present embodiment;
Fig. 8 be the present embodiment sheet between high pressure resistant testing agency perspective view;
Fig. 9 is the bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency perspective view of the present embodiment;
Figure 10 is the inner diameter measurement mechanism perspective view of the present embodiment;
Figure 11 is that the inner diameter measurement mechanism X of the present embodiment is to detection part perspective view.
label declaration:
Base 1: station platform 11; Commutator pushes cylinder 12; Outer cover 13; Certified products collecting box 14;
Feed mechanism 2: web member 20; X direction guiding rail 21; X is to slide block 22; Y-direction guide rail 23; Y-direction slide block 24, Z-direction guide rail 25; Z-direction slide block 26; Support 27; Web joint 28; Gas pawl 29;
Transfer mechanism 3: displacement sheet 31; Groove 32; Calibration block 33; Hemisphere jut 34; Transfer mechanism first pushes cylinder 35; First slide block 36; Transfer mechanism second pushes cylinder 37; Second slide block 38;
Inner diameter measurement mechanism 4: operator's console 41; Y-direction inner diameter measurement parts 42; Y-direction measuring claw 421; Y-direction test aircraft fixed frame 422; Y-direction test aircraft elastomer block 423; Y-direction displacement transducer 424; Y-direction makes dynamic air cylinder 425; Cylinder fixed mount 426; X is to internal diameter detection part 43; X is to measuring claw 431; X is to test aircraft fixed frame 432; X is to test aircraft elastomer block 433; X is to displacement transducer 434; X is to making dynamic air cylinder 435; Cylinder fixed mount 436; Spring 437; Block 438; Spring leaf 439; DISCRETE ELASTIC SUPPORTS 43a, 43b, 43c, 43d; Contact chip 43e; Guide rod 44; Lifting table 45; Lifting motor 46; Motor fixed station 47; Leading screw 48;
Go-no go gauge testing agency 5: go-no go gauge 51; Connection Block 52; Go-no go gauge testing agency first cylinder 53; Flexure strip 54; Go-no go gauge testing agency second cylinder 55; Baffle plate 56;
Outer diameter detection mechanism 6:V shape groove 61; Outer diameter detection mechanism fixed mount 62; Outer diameter detection mechanism spring 63; Outer diameter detection mechanism displaced block 64; Outer diameter detection mechanism displacement transducer 65; Outer diameter detection mechanism draft cylinder 66; Outer diameter detection mechanism measuring head 67;
Height detection mechanism 7: height detection mechanism draft cylinder 71; Height detection mechanism fixed mount 72; Height detection mechanism spring 73; Height detection mechanism displaced block 74; Height detection mechanism measuring head 75; Height detection mechanism displacement transducer 76;
High pressure resistant testing agency 8 between sheet: high pressure resistant testing agency fixed mount 81 between sheet; High pressure resistant testing agency measuring head 82 between sheet; Between sheet, high pressure resistant testing agency pushes cylinder 83; High pressure resistant testing agency measurement bay 84 between sheet; High pressure resistant testing agency elasticity measurement pin 85 between sheet; High pressure resistant testing agency insulating resin plate 86 between sheet; Guidepost 87; High pressure resistant testing agency guiding rib 88 between sheet; High pressure resistant testing agency high voltage testing device 89 between sheet;
The high pressure resistant testing agency of bobbin 9: bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency fixed mount 91; Bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency measuring head 92; The high pressure resistant testing agency of bobbin pushes cylinder 93; Bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency measurement bay 94; Bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency elasticity measurement pin 95; Bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency insulating resin plate 96; Conductive pole 97; Bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency guiding rib 98; Bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency high voltage testing device 99;
Discharge mechanism 10: hopper 101; Expeller 102; Discharge mechanism pushes cylinder 103.
Embodiment
As Figure 1-3, integration commutator bore pick-up unit, comprise base 1, and be arranged on high pressure resistant testing agency 8, the high pressure resistant testing agency 9 of bobbin and discharge mechanism 10 between feed mechanism 2 on base, transfer mechanism 3, go-no go gauge testing agency 5, inner diameter measurement mechanism 4, outer diameter detection mechanism 6, height detection mechanism 7, sheet successively, described base 1 is provided with outer cover 13 further, avoid dust and steam to enter each testing agency, affect Detection results.The station platform 11 of described base 1 is respectively equipped with the go-no go gauge corresponding with each testing agency above-mentioned detects station, inner diameter measurement station, external diameter detect high pressure resistant detection station and the high pressure resistant detection station of bobbin between station, height detection station, sheet.Described pick-up unit comprises control module further, control module by signal wire respectively and feed mechanism 2, transfer mechanism 3, go-no go gauge testing agency 5, inner diameter measurement mechanism 4, outer diameter detection mechanism 6, height detection mechanism 7, high pressure resistant testing agency 8, the high pressure resistant testing agency 9 of bobbin and discharge mechanism 10 between sheet, for controlling each mechanism action.Between go-no go gauge testing agency 5 described in the utility model, inner diameter measurement mechanism 4, outer diameter detection mechanism 6, height detection mechanism 7, sheet, high pressure resistant testing agency 8, the erection sequence of the high pressure resistant testing agency 9 of bobbin on station platform can adjust as required, also can be opened separately or close certain or certain several detection testing agency by control module.
Described transfer mechanism 3 comprise displacement sheet 31 and control the action of displacement sheet 31 move left and right parts and front and back push parts, described displacement sheet 31 lower surface is higher than station platform 11, displacement sheet 31 is provided with multiple groove 32 corresponding with each station, for commutator being transported to corresponding station, between sheet high pressure resistant detection station respective slot front 2 grooves and with on front 2 grooves of bobbin high pressure resistant detection station respective slot, be respectively equipped with one division block 33, described calibration block 33 is obliquely installed, the face that calibration block 33 contacts with commutator is provided with a hemisphere jut 34, by coordinating of gap between adjacent 2 contact chips of hemisphere jut 34 and commutator, realize the location of commutator, and then make commutator contact chip accurately can aim at the measuring head of subsequent detection mechanism, the described parts (X to) that move left and right comprise the first propelling movement cylinder 35, and push with first the first slide block 36 that cylinder 35 is connected, described front and back push parts (Y-direction) and comprise the second propelling movement cylinder 37, and push with second the second slide block 38 that cylinder 37 is connected, described second slide block 38 is connected with displacement sheet 31, move left and right parts (X to) and front and back push parts (Y-direction) for driving the movement of displacement sheet 31, displacement sheet 31 is by the action of two cylinders, realize left-right and front-back to move back and forth, each commutator on station platform 11 is moved to next station.In the present embodiment, displacement sheet 31 comprises a plate and is evenly arranged on each displacement sub-pieces on web joint, such design is convenient for changing the height of displacement sub-pieces and separate regulation displacement sub-pieces, just must, higher than the height of the V-shaped groove upper surface of outer diameter detection mechanism, it be facilitated to move around to the lower surface of the displacement sub-pieces of height detection station and the displacement sub-pieces of previous station.The top of described station platform 11 is provided with a commutator and pushes cylinder 12, detects station for the commutator on station to be checked being pushed to go-no go gauge.Adopt commutator to push cylinder 12, more accurately commutator can be transplanted on go-no go gauge and detect station, ensure the accuracy of subsequent detection.
Described discharge mechanism 10 comprises and is separately positioned on inner diameter measurement station, external diameter detects station, height detection station, the pushing material component of high pressure resistant detection station and the next station of the high pressure resistant detection station of bobbin and hopper 101 between sheet, described pushing material component comprises the expeller 102 be arranged on station platform 11, each expeller is all connected with one and pushes cylinder 103, hopper mouth is just to below expeller 102, described hopper 101 comprises internal diameter and does not conform to cell, external diameter does not conform to cell, highly do not conform to cell, withstand voltagely between sheet do not conform to cell, bobbin is withstand voltage does not conform to cell and certified products groove, before commutator after detection is moved to expeller 102 by displacement sheet 31, then corresponding hopper 101 is pushed by the expeller 102 of correspondence, realize classifying to the detection of commutator.
As shown in Figure 4, described feed mechanism 2 comprises X direction guiding rail 21, be movably arranged on X on X direction guiding rail 21 to slide block 22, Y-direction guide rail 23, be movably arranged on the Y-direction slide block 24 on Y-direction guide rail 23, Z-direction guide rail 25, be movably arranged on the Z-direction slide block 26 on Z-direction guide rail 25, described Z-direction guide rail 25 is fixedly mounted on X on slide block 22 by support 27, described Y-direction guide rail 23 is fixedly mounted on Z-direction slide block 26 by web joint 28, gas pawl 29 is arranged on Y-direction slide block 24 by web member 20, described X is to slide block 22, Y-direction slide block 24, Z-direction slide block 25 is equipped with propelling movement one and pushes cylinder, gas pawl 29 is made to realize three-dimensional motion, commutator to be measured is transported to and specifies on station to be measured, the clamping part 292 that described gas pawl comprises two intermediate plates in left and right, 291, two intermediate plates 291 is circular arc, and its size is consistent with commutator brush track diameter, and make stickiness in clamping process better, when preventing from transmitting, commutator is shifted or drops.
As shown in Figure 5, described go-no go gauge testing agency 5 comprises go-no go gauge 51 and the Connection Block 52 for fixing go-no go gauge 51, the top of described go-no go gauge 51 is provided with the first cylinder 53, for driving go-no go gauge 51 downwards and move upward, the detection station of go-no go gauge 51 correspondence is provided with flexure strip 54, because in testing process, be easy to strengthen because of the error of perpendicularity of commutator axis hole and station platform 11 upper surface the resistance that go-no go gauge 51 stretches into, arranging of flexure strip can revise this vertical error voluntarily, go-no go gauge 51 bottom is made to enter the axis hole of commutator smoothly, described flexure strip 54 can adopt silica gel piece or sheet rubber, the below that go-no go gauge detects station is provided with the second cylinder 55 further, and the centre that go-no go gauge detects station is provided with through hole, and the second cylinder 55 pushes the go-no go gauge 51 after detecting by described through hole, prevents it stuck in commutator axis hole, affects subsequent detection, the lower end of described Connection Block 52 is provided with a baffle plate 56, the lower surface of baffle plate 56 is apart from tested commutator top 2 ~ 4mm, the effect of baffle plate is: when go-no go gauge 51 exits commutator axis hole, prevent commutator because friction force rises thereupon, the lower surface of baffle plate 56 is provided with silica gel piece, and commutator upper surface can be protected to be squeezed wound by baffle plate, in the present embodiment, described first cylinder 53 is provided with 3 magnetic switchs, lays respectively at the top of the first cylinder piston rod, centre and bottom, when top magnetic switch closes, illustrates that the first cylinder piston rod is retracted into original state, intermediate magnetic switch closes, and during the magnetic switch non-closed of bottom, illustrate that go-no go gauge drift enters commutator axis hole, cuckoo is positioned at outside commutator axis hole, intermediate magnetic switch closes, and when bottom magnetic switch also closes, illustrates that the drift of go-no go gauge and no-go gage all enter commutator axis hole, intermediate magnetic switch non-closed, bottom magnetic switch also non-closed time, illustrate that the drift of go-no go gauge and no-go gage all fail to enter commutator axis hole.
As seen in figs. 5-6, described outer diameter detection mechanism 6 comprises and is arranged on external diameter respectively and detects V-shaped groove 61 on station and displacement detecting assembly, the displaced block 64 that described displacement detecting assembly is comprised fixed mount 62, is connected with fixed mount 62 by spring 63, opposite side relative with spring 63 in displaced block 64 is provided with measuring head 67, measuring head 67, just to V-shaped groove 61, fixed mount 62 is provided with further for detecting the movable displacement transducer 65 of amount of displaced block 64 and the draft cylinder 66 of stretching displaced block.Described draft cylinder 66 is fixedly mounted on the rear side of displaced block 64, and displaced block 64 can be driven to slide backward along the guide rail on fixed mount 62.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 7, described height detection mechanism 7 comprises fixed mount 72, by the displaced block 74 that spring 73 is connected with fixed mount 72, the lower end of displaced block 74 is provided with measuring head 75, measuring head 75 is just to height detection station, fixed mount 72 is provided with further for detecting the displacement transducer 76 of the displaced block amount of moving up and down and promoting the draft cylinder 71 of displaced block rising, described draft cylinder 71 is fixedly mounted on below displaced block 74, and displaced block 74 can be driven along the guide rail upward sliding on fixed mount 72.
As Fig. 5, shown in Fig. 8, between described, high pressure resistant testing agency 8 comprises fixed mount 81, be movably arranged on the measuring head 82 on fixed mount 81, and for promoting the propelling movement cylinder 83 that measuring head 82 moves up and down, described measuring head 82 comprises measurement bay 84, measurement bay 84 is provided with the through hole corresponding with commutator contact chip, the through hole of odd bits wears same wire, form the first electrode, the through hole of even bit wears another root wire, form the second electrode, the bottom of described measurement bay 84 through hole is equipped with the elasticity measurement pin 85 contacted with electrode, described first electrode is connected with high voltage testing device respectively with the second electrode, for surveyingpin provides the voltage higher than 550V, between described, high pressure resistant detection station is provided with insulating resin plate 86, prevent from conducting electricity at worktable when detecting, the centre of described measurement bay 81 is provided with guidepost 87, the periphery of elasticity measurement pin 85 is provided with 2 symmetrical guiding ribs 88, for confirming commutator contact chip and each elasticity measurement pin one_to_one corresponding, if the guiding rib 88 at same diameter two ends all embeds in the gap of commutator contact chip, illustrate now, commutator contact chip and elasticity measurement pin 85 one_to_one corresponding.Be provided with through hole in the middle of insulating resin plate 86, when being convenient to measure, guidepost 87 penetrates.
As Fig. 5, shown in Fig. 9, the high pressure resistant testing agency 9 of described bobbin comprises fixed mount 91, be movably arranged on the measuring head 92 on fixed mount 91, and for promoting the propelling movement cylinder 93 that measuring head moves up and down, described measuring head 92 comprises measurement bay 94, measurement bay 94 is provided with the through hole corresponding with commutator contact chip, all through holes wear same wire, form the first electrode, the centre of described measurement bay is provided with conductive pole 97, form the second electrode, the bottom of described measurement bay 94 through hole is equipped with the elasticity measurement pin 95 contacted with electrode, described first electrode is connected with high voltage testing device respectively with the second electrode, for surveyingpin provides the voltage higher than 3000V, the high pressure resistant detection station of described bobbin is provided with insulating resin plate 96 further, prevent from conducting electricity on the table when detecting, the periphery of described elasticity measurement pin is provided with 2 symmetrical guiding ribs 98, for confirming commutator contact chip and each elasticity measurement pin one_to_one corresponding.Be provided with through hole in the middle of insulating resin plate 96, when being convenient to measure, conductive pole 97 penetrates.
As shown in Figure 10, described inner diameter measurement mechanism comprises operator's console 41, Lift Part and detection part etc., its operator's console 41 is connected with detection part with Lift Part respectively by signal wire, above-mentioned Lift Part comprises the guide rod 44 be arranged on transfer mechanism station platform, the lifting motor 46 being movably arranged on the lifting table 45 on guide rod 44 and being arranged on above lifting table 45, detection part is fixedly mounted on the below of lifting table 45, lifting motor 46 is arranged on the top of guide rod 44 by motor fixed station 47, lifting table 45 is connected by leading screw 48 with motor 46, lifting table 45 is under the effect of lifting motor 46 and leading screw 48, can slide up and down along guide rod 44.
Described detection part comprises X to detection part 43 and Y-direction detection part 42, X to detection part 43 and Y-direction detection part 42 structure completely the same, its installation direction is different, the former installs along X-axis, the latter installs along Y-axis, both include a LVDT displacement transducer 434 and 424, test aircraft, make dynamic air cylinder 435 and 425, and measuring claw 431 and 421.Above-mentioned test aircraft comprises fixed frame 432 and 422 and is vertically mounted on the elastomer block 433 and 423 in the middle of fixed frame, make dynamic air cylinder 435 and 425, displacement transducer 434 and 424 is each passed through fixed frame 432 and 422, through hole level in elastomer block 433 and 423 is arranged in test aircraft, in the present embodiment, the top that dynamic air cylinder 435 and 425 is positioned at LVDT displacement transducer 434 and 424 is done.The LVDT displacement transducer that the present embodiment is selected is higher than common displacement transducer repeatable accuracy.
As shown in figure 11, for X to detection part, above-mentioned elastomer block 433 is made up of two spring leafs 439 and the block 438 be positioned in the middle of spring leaf 439, two spring leaf 439 one end are connected with fixed frame 432, the other end is connected with block 438, the piston rod making dynamic air cylinder 435 contacts with block 438, is used for promoting elastomer block 433, thus the opening and closing of control survey pawl 431; The probe of displacement transducer 434 also contacts with block 438, the deformational displacement of real-time detection elastomer block 433,2 ends of 2 spring leafs 439 are equipped with 2 DISCRETE ELASTIC SUPPORTS, spring leaf 439 installation all parallel with block 438, when there is not deformation, 4 DISCRETE ELASTIC SUPPORTS 43a ~ 43d form a rectangle, in deformation process, form parallelogram.Whole elastomer block 433 can adopt spring steel material, but in actual production process, consider that spring steel cost is high, and processing is inconvenient, elastomer block 433 can adopt iron or other metals, and 4 the DISCRETE ELASTIC SUPPORTS 43a ~ 43d only on spring leaf adopts spring steel, both provide cost savings like this, be convenient to again hole in elastomer block, cut.Also be provided with a spring 437 between block 438 and fixed frame 432, the elasticity coefficient of this spring 437 is less than or greater than the elasticity coefficient of above-mentioned spring leaf 439, shakes in measuring process for preventing measuring claw.
Displacement transducer 434 and block 438 contact position are provided with a contact chip 43e, and contact chip 43e hardness is high and smooth, can select glass sheet or piezoid.Above-mentioned X also respectively comprises a cylinder fixed mount 436 and 426 to detection part 43 and Y-direction detection part 42, and described cylinder fixed mount 436 and 426 is in " L " type, and one end is fixed on lifting table, and the other end is used for fixedly making dynamic air cylinder 435 and 425.
Described Y-direction measuring claw 421 and X form to measuring claw 431 by 2 semi-cylindrical survey mass, one of them survey mass is fixedly mounted on the fixed frame 422 and 432 of side frame, the lateral surface of its circular arc is provided with 2 salient points, another survey mass is fixedly mounted in the elastomer block 423 and 433 of test aircraft, the lateral surface of its circular arc is provided with 1 salient point, and above-mentioned 3 salient points are isosceles triangle on columniform measuring claw.When elastic deformation does not occur elastomer block 423 and 433, leave spacing between two survey mass, be generally 0.5-3mm, for elastic deformation provides enough spaces.
Aforesaid operations platform comprises touch-screen, button, warning lamp and data processing module, operator's console directly and bearing inner race hole diameter detection apparatus control module carry out communication, realize man-machine interaction by touch-screen and button, realize fault alarm by warning lamp; The input end of data processing module is connected with 434 with LVDT displacement transducer 424, and output terminal is connected with control module.
In the present embodiment, described control module is PLC module, and PLC module interface mainly comprises special purpose interface, input interface and output interface, and special purpose interface refers to the interfaces such as serial ports, is directly connected carries out communication with inner diameter measurement mechanism 4 operator's console touch-screen; Input interface is connected with the switch etc. of button, each testing agency, uses as signal input; Output interface is connected with solenoid valve, by driving the action of solenoid valve, thus controls stretching out and retraction of each cylinder piston rod.PLC stable performance, anti-external interference ability is stronger, and interface is complete, very easy to use, is applicable to very much Industry Control occasion and uses.
The detection method of above-mentioned commutator bore pick-up unit, detection ordering is followed successively by: high pressure resistant detection and the high pressure resistant detection of bobbin between go-no go gauge detection, inner diameter measurement, external diameter detection, height detection, sheet, and concrete steps are as follows:
1) material loading step: be first placed on the station to be checked of station platform by the gas pawl 29 of feed mechanism by commutator to be measured, then pushes cylinder 12 by commutator and is pushed on go-no go gauge detection station by commutator to be checked;
2) go-no go gauge detecting step: the first cylinder 53 of go-no go gauge testing agency moves downward, go-no go gauge 51 bottom declines thereupon, commutator is detected, if the intermediate magnetic switch on the first cylinder 53 closes, bottom magnetic switch non-closed, illustrate that drift enters commutator axis hole, no-go gage is positioned at outside commutator axis hole, commutator is qualified, while first cylinder 51 is upwards retracted, the second cylinder 55 also moves upward, to go-no go gauge one thrust upwards, make go-no go gauge 51 exit commutator axis hole smoothly, be then transplanted on inner diameter measurement station by displacement sheet 31; If the intermediate magnetic switch on the first cylinder 53 closes, bottom magnetic switch also closes, and illustrate that drift and no-go gage all enter commutator axis hole, commutator axis hole upper end is bigger than normal; If the intermediate magnetic switch non-closed on the first cylinder 53, bottom magnetic switch also non-closed, illustrate that drift can not enter commutator axis hole, commutator shaft hole diameter is less than normal, detection signal is sent to control module by each magnetic switch on the first cylinder 53, when underproof for above-mentioned internal diameter commutator to be transferred to the defective station of internal diameter by the sheet 31 that is shifted, the propelling movement cylinder 103 that control module controls discharge mechanism starts action, this commutator is pushed corresponding hopper 101;
3) inner diameter measurement step: commutator to be checked is delivered on inner diameter measurement station by displacement sheet 31, the lifting table 45 of inner diameter measurement mechanism declines, X declines to detection part 43 and Y-direction detection part 42 thereupon, in the present embodiment, first carry out Y-direction measurement, now, making dynamic air cylinder 425 acts on the block of elastomer block 423, make spring leaf generation deformation, spacing between two survey mass reduces, after Y-direction measuring claw 421 stretches into the aperture of tested commutator, the piston rod making dynamic air cylinder 425 is retracted, first measure the Y-direction internal diameter in axis hole first cross section, commutator lower end, then, lifting table 45 declines again, Y-direction measuring claw 421 measures the Y-direction internal diameter in commutator second cross section again, the measurement data in above-mentioned two cross sections is sent to the data processing module of operator's console 41 by LVDT displacement transducer 424, by measuring the Y-direction internal diameter on commutator lower end to be measured axis hole two different cross sections, data processing module can calculate the internal diameter mean value of commutator lower end to be measured axis hole, after tested commutator completes Y-direction inner diameter measurement, commutator is moved into X to measuring claw 431 by the displacement sheet 31 of transfer mechanism, X measures the internal diameter in axis hole two cross sections, tested commutator lower end again to measuring claw 431, then measurement data is sent to the data processing module of operator's console 41, data processing module according to above-mentioned Y-direction and X to data, calculate the internal diameter mean value of tested commutator lower end axis hole, judge that whether commutator axis hole bottom diameter is bigger than normal, then result of calculation is sent to control module, control module performs corresponding action according to the measurement result of tested commutator, if inner diameter measurement is defective, when commutator is transplanted on the defective station of corresponding internal diameter by displacement sheet 31, the propelling movement cylinder 103 of discharge mechanism starts action, this commutator is pushed corresponding hopper 101, if inner diameter measurement is qualified, then push cylinder 103 to be failure to actuate, by displacement sheet 31, this commutator is shifted to external diameter and detect station,
4) external diameter detecting step: before commutator to be checked is delivered to external diameter detection station by displacement sheet 31, the draft cylinder 66 stretching displaced block backward 64 of outer diameter detection mechanism, extrusion spring 63, spring 63 is made to produce deformation, when commutator arrives external diameter detection station, now, commutator is positioned at V-shaped groove 61, draft cylinder 66 quits work, displaced block 64 is under spring force effect, measuring head 67 is driven to shift to commutator to be checked, displacement transducer 65 is by detecting the amount of movement of displaced block 64, calculate the size of commutator brush track diameter, and detection signal is sent to control module, if detect that commutator brush track diameter is bigger than normal or less than normal, then when commutator is transferred to the defective station of external diameter, the propelling movement cylinder 103 of discharge mechanism starts action, this commutator is pushed corresponding hopper 101, if it is qualified that external diameter detects, then push cylinder 103 to be failure to actuate, by displacement sheet 31, this commutator is shifted to height detection station, because displacement sheet 31 just detects the displacement sub-pieces of station and the displacement sub-pieces lower surface of previous station higher than the upper surface of V-shaped groove 61 to external diameter, so in transfer process, V-shaped groove 61 can not be encountered,
5) height detection step: before commutator to be checked is delivered to height detection station by displacement sheet 31, the draft cylinder 71 upwardly displaced block 74 of height detection mechanism, spring 73 is made to produce deformation, when commutator arrives height detection station, draft cylinder 71 piston rod is retracted, displaced block 74 is under spring 73 elastic force and self gravitation effect, measuring head 73 is driven to shift to commutator to be checked, displacement transducer 76 is by detecting the amount of movement of displaced block 74, calculate the size of commutator height, and detection signal is sent to control module, if detect that commutator is higher or partially short, then when commutator be transferred to highly defective station time, the propelling movement cylinder 103 of discharge mechanism starts action, this commutator is pushed corresponding hopper 101, if height detection is qualified, then push cylinder to be failure to actuate, by displacement sheet by detection station high pressure resistant between this commutator translate toward sheets,
6) high pressure resistant detecting step between sheet: when front 2 operations of high pressure resistant detection station between sheet to be delivered to by commutator to be checked by the sheet 31 that is shifted, first by the calibration block 33 of displacement sheet 32 installation, the angle of adjustment commutator, the hemisphere jut 34 of calibration block 33 is made to embed between adjacent 2 contact chips of commutator, ensure elasticity measurement pin 85 one_to_one corresponding of high pressure resistant testing agency between each contact chip and sheet, 2 calibration blocks 33 are set, 2 angle corrections can be carried out, ensure the correct test angle of commutator further, when inner high voltage detection station between sheet delivered to by commutator to be checked, between sheet, high pressure resistant testing agency measuring head 82 is pushing the moved downward of cylinder 83, guidepost 87 is through commutator axis hole, now, in the gap of 2 guiding rib 88 imbedding and contact sheets, further confirmation commutator is positioned on correct taking measurement of an angle, then each contact chip is contacted respectively bottom each elasticity measurement pin 85, high voltage testing device 89 is started working, carry out the high pressure resistant detection of 550V, detect the electric conductivity of adjacent 2 contact chips, and detection signal is sent to control module, if detect and have leakage current to exist between commutator contact chip, then when commutator is transferred to high pressure resistant defective station between sheet, the propelling movement cylinder 103 of discharge mechanism starts action, this commutator is pushed corresponding hopper 101, as qualified in detection high pressure resistant between chankings, then push cylinder to be failure to actuate, by displacement sheet, this commutator is shifted to the high pressure resistant detection station of bobbin,
7) the high pressure resistant detecting step of bobbin: when front 2 operations of bobbin high pressure resistant detection station to be delivered to by commutator to be checked by the sheet 31 that is shifted, first by the calibration block 33 of displacement sheet 31 installation, the angle of adjustment commutator, the circular protrusions 34 of calibration block is made to embed between adjacent 2 contact chips of commutator, ensure elasticity measurement pin 95 one_to_one corresponding of each contact chip and the high pressure resistant testing agency of bobbin, 2 calibration blocks 33 are set, the correct angle of commutator can be ensured further, when bobbin inner high voltage detection station delivered to by commutator to be checked, bobbin high pressure resistant testing agency measuring head is pushing the moved downward of cylinder 93, conductive pole 97 is through commutator axis hole, now, , in the gap of 2 guiding rib 98 imbedding and contact sheets, further confirmation commutator is positioned on correct taking measurement of an angle, then each contact chip is contacted respectively bottom each elasticity measurement pin 95, high voltage testing device 99 is started working, carry out the high pressure resistant detection of 3000V, detect the electric conductivity between all contact chips of commutator and axis hole, and detection signal is sent to control module, if detect that commutator contact chip between centers has leakage current to exist, then when commutator being transferred to the high pressure resistant defective station of bobbin, the propelling movement cylinder 103 of discharge mechanism starts action, this commutator is pushed corresponding hopper 101, as qualified in detection high pressure resistant between chankings, then push cylinder to be failure to actuate, by displacement sheet, this commutator is shifted to certified products station,
8) when commutator is after all testing agencies, be finally issued to certified products station in the transfer of displacement sheet 31, and pass through the propelling movement cylinder 103 of arrange agencie, push corresponding certified products hopper, enter certified products collecting box 14, complete detection.
Above-described embodiment and graphic and non-limiting product form of the present utility model and style, any person of an ordinary skill in the technical field, to its suitable change done or modification, all should be considered as not departing from patent category of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. integrated commutator detecting device, it is characterized in that: comprise base, and the feed mechanism be arranged on base, transfer mechanism, go-no go gauge testing agency, inner diameter measurement mechanism, outer diameter detection mechanism, height detection mechanism, high pressure resistant testing agency between sheet, the high pressure resistant testing agency of bobbin and discharge mechanism, the station platform of described base is respectively equipped with the go-no go gauge corresponding with each testing agency above-mentioned and detects station, inner diameter measurement station, external diameter detects station, height detection station, high pressure resistant detection station and the high pressure resistant detection station of bobbin between sheet, described discharge mechanism comprises and is arranged on pushing material component between each station and hopper, for the unacceptable product after detection and certified products are pushed corresponding hopper, described transfer mechanism comprise displacement sheet and control displacement sheet action move left and right parts and front and back push parts, described displacement sheet lower surface is higher than station platform, displacement sheet is provided with multiple groove corresponding with each station, for commutator being transported to corresponding station, between sheet high pressure resistant detection station respective slot front 2 grooves and with on front 2 grooves of bobbin high pressure resistant detection station respective slot, be respectively equipped with one division block, described calibration block is obliquely installed, the face that calibration block contacts with commutator is provided with a hemisphere jut, by coordinating of gap between adjacent 2 contact chips of hemisphere jut and commutator, realize the location of commutator, and then make commutator contact chip accurately can aim at the measuring head of subsequent detection mechanism, described pick-up unit comprises control module further, control module is connected with discharge mechanism, for controlling each mechanism action with high pressure resistant testing agency, the high pressure resistant testing agency of bobbin between feed mechanism, transfer mechanism, go-no go gauge testing agency, inner diameter measurement mechanism, outer diameter detection mechanism, height detection mechanism, sheet respectively by signal wire.
2. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed mechanism comprises X direction guiding rail, be movably arranged on X on X direction guiding rail to slide block, Y-direction guide rail, be movably arranged on the Y-direction slide block on Y-direction guide rail, Z-direction guide rail, be movably arranged on the Z-direction slide block on Z-direction guide rail, described Z-direction guide rail is fixedly mounted on X on slide block by support, described Y-direction guide rail is fixedly mounted on Z-direction slide block by web joint, gas pawl is arranged on Y-direction slide block by web member, described X is to slide block, Y-direction slide block, Z-direction slide block is equipped with propelling movement one and pushes cylinder, gas pawl is made to realize three-dimensional motion, commutator to be measured is transported to and specifies on station to be measured, described gas pawl comprises two intermediate plates in left and right, and the clamping part of two intermediate plates is circular arc, and its size is consistent with commutator brush track diameter, and make stickiness in clamping process better, when preventing from transmitting, commutator is shifted or drops.
3. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the parts that move left and right of described transfer mechanism comprise the first propelling movement cylinder, and with the first the first slide block pushing cylinders, described front and back push parts and comprise the second propelling movement cylinder, and with the second the second slide block pushing cylinders, described second slide block is connected with displacement sheet, move left and right parts and front and back and push parts for driving the movement of displacement sheet, displacement sheet is by the action of two cylinders, realize left-right and front-back to move back and forth, each commutator on station platform is moved to next station.
4. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described go-no go gauge testing agency comprises go-no go gauge and the Connection Block for fixing go-no go gauge, the top of described go-no go gauge is provided with the first cylinder, for driving go-no go gauge downwards and move upward, detection station corresponding to go-no go gauge is provided with flexure strip, and described flexure strip adopts silica gel piece or sheet rubber; The below that go-no go gauge detects station is provided with the second cylinder further, and the centre that go-no go gauge detects station is provided with through hole, and the second cylinder pushes the go-no go gauge after detecting by described through hole, prevents it stuck in commutator axis hole, affects subsequent detection; The lower end of described Connection Block is provided with a baffle plate, and the lower surface of baffle plate is apart from tested commutator top 2 ~ 4mm;
First cylinder of described go-no go gauge testing agency is provided with 3 magnetic switchs, lays respectively at the top of the first cylinder piston rod, centre and bottom.
5. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described inner diameter measurement mechanism comprises operator's console, Lift Part and detection part etc., wherein, detection part is fixedly mounted on below Lift Part, operator's console by signal wire respectively with Lift Part, detection part is connected, described detection part comprises X to detection part and Y-direction detection part, X includes a displacement transducer to detection part and Y-direction detection part, test aircraft, make dynamic air cylinder and measuring claw, measuring claw is arranged on below test aircraft, displacement transducer and be arranged in the middle of test aircraft as dynamic air cylinder, in test aircraft elastomer block, the opening and closing of control survey pawl are carried out by start cylinder action, the deformational displacement of test aircraft elastomer block measured in real time by displacement transducer, the lifting motor that described Lift Part comprises the guide rod be arranged on transfer mechanism station platform, is movably arranged on the lifting table on guide rod and is arranged on above lifting table, detection part is fixedly mounted on the below of lifting table, lifting motor is arranged on the top of guide rod by motor fixed station, lifting table is connected with motor by leading screw, lifting table, under the effect of lifting motor and leading screw, can slide up and down along guide rod, described test aircraft comprises fixed frame and is vertically mounted on the elastomer block in the middle of fixed frame, makes the through hole level that dynamic air cylinder and displacement transducer be each passed through in fixed frame and elastomer block and is arranged in test aircraft, described elastomer block is made up of two spring leafs and the block be positioned in the middle of spring leaf, two spring leaf one end are connected with fixed frame, and the other end is connected with block, and the piston rod making dynamic air cylinder contacts with block, be used for promoting elastomer block, thus the opening and closing of control survey pawl, the probe of displacement transducer also contacts with block, and detect the deformational displacement of elastomer block in real time, 2 ends of 2 spring leafs are equipped with DISCRETE ELASTIC SUPPORTS, the all parallel installation of spring leaf and block, when there is not deformation, 4 DISCRETE ELASTIC SUPPORTS form a rectangle, in deformation process, become into parallelogram gradually, also be provided with a spring between described block and fixed frame, the elasticity coefficient of this spring is less than or greater than the elasticity coefficient of above-mentioned spring leaf, shakes in measuring process for preventing measuring claw, institute's displacement sensors and block contact position are provided with a contact chip, and contact chip hardness is high and smooth, can select glass sheet or piezoid, described Y-direction and X are made up of to measuring claw 2 semi-cylindrical survey mass, one of them survey mass is fixedly mounted on the fixed frame of side frame, the lateral surface of its circular arc is provided with 2 salient points, another survey mass is fixedly mounted in the elastomer block of test aircraft, the lateral surface of its circular arc is provided with 1 salient point, and above-mentioned 3 salient points are isosceles triangle on columniform measuring claw, when elastic deformation does not occur elastomer block, between two survey mass, leave 0.5-3mm spacing.
6. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described outer diameter detection mechanism comprises and is arranged on external diameter respectively and detects V-shaped groove on station and displacement detecting assembly, the displaced block that described displacement detecting assembly is comprised fixed mount, is connected with fixed mount by spring, opposite side relative with spring in displaced block is provided with measuring head, measuring head, just to V-shaped groove, fixed mount is provided with further the draft cylinder of displacement transducer for detecting the displaced block amount of moving forward and backward and stretching displaced block;
Described height detection mechanism comprises fixed mount, by the displaced block that spring is connected with fixed mount, the lower end of displaced block is provided with measuring head, measuring head, just to height detection station, fixed mount is provided with further the displacement transducer for detecting the displaced block amount of moving up and down and the draft cylinder pulling displaced block to rise.
7. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described, high pressure resistant testing agency comprises fixed mount, be movably arranged on the measuring head on fixed mount, and for promoting the propelling movement cylinder that measuring head moves up and down, described measuring head comprises measurement bay, measurement bay is provided with the through hole corresponding with commutator contact chip, the through hole of odd bits wears same wire, form the first electrode, the through hole of even bit wears another root wire, form the second electrode, the bottom of described measurement bay through hole is equipped with the elasticity measurement pin contacted with electrode, described first electrode is connected with high voltage testing device respectively with the second electrode, for surveyingpin provides the voltage higher than 550V, between described, high pressure resistant detection station is provided with insulating resin plate, prevent from conducting electricity at worktable when detecting, the centre of described measurement bay is provided with guidepost, the periphery of elasticity measurement pin is provided with 2 symmetrical guiding ribs, for confirming commutator contact chip and each elasticity measurement pin one_to_one corresponding.
8. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the high pressure resistant testing agency of described bobbin comprises fixed mount, be movably arranged on the measuring head on fixed mount, and for promoting the propelling movement cylinder that measuring head moves up and down, described measuring head comprises measurement bay, measurement bay is provided with the through hole corresponding with commutator contact chip, all through holes wear same wire, form the first electrode, the centre of described measurement bay is provided with conductive pole, form the second electrode, the bottom of described measurement bay through hole is equipped with the elasticity measurement pin contacted with electrode, described first electrode is connected with high voltage testing device respectively with the second electrode, for surveyingpin provides the voltage higher than 3000V, the high pressure resistant detection station of described bobbin is provided with insulating resin plate further, prevent from conducting electricity on the table when detecting, the periphery of described elasticity measurement pin is provided with 2 symmetrical guiding ribs, for confirming commutator contact chip and each elasticity measurement pin one_to_one corresponding.
9. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described discharge mechanism comprises and is separately positioned on inner diameter measurement station, external diameter detects station, height detection station, the pushing material component of high pressure resistant detection station and the next station of the high pressure resistant detection station of bobbin and hopper between sheet, described pushing material component comprises the expeller be arranged on station platform, each expeller is all connected with one and pushes cylinder, hopper mouth is just to below expeller, described hopper comprises internal diameter and does not conform to cell, external diameter does not conform to cell, highly do not conform to cell, withstand voltagely between sheet do not conform to cell, bobbin is withstand voltage does not conform to cell and certified products groove, before commutator after detection is moved to expeller by displacement sheet, then corresponding hopper is pushed by the expeller of correspondence, realize classifying to the detection of commutator, the top of described station platform is provided with a commutator and pushes cylinder, detects station for the commutator on station to be checked being pushed to go-no go gauge.
10. integrated commutator detecting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described control module is PLC module, PLC module interface mainly comprises special purpose interface, input interface and output interface, and special purpose interface refers to the interfaces such as serial ports, is directly connected carries out communication with operator's console touch-screen; Input interface is connected with the switch etc. of button, each testing agency, uses as signal input; Output interface is connected with solenoid valve, by driving the action of solenoid valve, thus the stretching out and retraction of control cylinder piston rod; Described base is provided with outer cover further, avoids dust and steam to enter each testing agency, affect Detection results.
CN201420812613.0U 2014-12-19 2014-12-19 Integration commutator detecting device Expired - Fee Related CN204330016U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104567997A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-29 绍兴中轴自动化设备有限公司 Integrated commutator detector and detection method thereof
CN105396796A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-03-16 东莞市翔通光电技术有限公司 Automatic detection equipment for inner diameter of casing pipes and implementation method of automatic detection equipment
CN106546200A (en) * 2015-09-16 2017-03-29 深圳市光大智能科技有限公司 A kind of accessory size testing equipment
CN107764164A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-03-06 东莞嘉应自动化科技有限公司 A kind of commutator endoporus detection device
CN109647734A (en) * 2019-02-25 2019-04-19 宁波长华长盛汽车零部件有限公司 The height detecting device of high-precision nut go-no go gauge full inspection machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104567997A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-29 绍兴中轴自动化设备有限公司 Integrated commutator detector and detection method thereof
CN106546200A (en) * 2015-09-16 2017-03-29 深圳市光大智能科技有限公司 A kind of accessory size testing equipment
CN106546200B (en) * 2015-09-16 2019-04-05 深圳市光大智能科技有限公司 A kind of part size detection device
CN105396796A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-03-16 东莞市翔通光电技术有限公司 Automatic detection equipment for inner diameter of casing pipes and implementation method of automatic detection equipment
CN105396796B (en) * 2015-12-01 2018-07-13 东莞市翔通光电技术有限公司 A kind of casing inner diameter automatic checkout equipment and its implementation
CN107764164A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-03-06 东莞嘉应自动化科技有限公司 A kind of commutator endoporus detection device
CN109647734A (en) * 2019-02-25 2019-04-19 宁波长华长盛汽车零部件有限公司 The height detecting device of high-precision nut go-no go gauge full inspection machine

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