CN204312246U - A kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy - Google Patents

A kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204312246U
CN204312246U CN201420634269.0U CN201420634269U CN204312246U CN 204312246 U CN204312246 U CN 204312246U CN 201420634269 U CN201420634269 U CN 201420634269U CN 204312246 U CN204312246 U CN 204312246U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ratchet
order
fork
gear
float
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420634269.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋琪琛
张晓�
魏昕彤
杨怡
向军
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Huazhong University of Science and Technology
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Huazhong University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201420634269.0U priority Critical patent/CN204312246U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy, comprising: one end is fixedly connected with the fork that the other end is provided with ratchet with float; Mate with two ratchets, and one of them ratchet and ratchet effect can be kept and the ratchet that another does not have an effect on ratchet in fork pumps; Low speed drive, it comprises the first order low speed gear be connected with coaxial ratchet, and is arranged on the first order high gear on high speed shaft, ratchet rotate through first order engagement driving on first order high gear; High speed drive, it comprises the second level low speed gear be synchronously connected with first order high gear, and is arranged on the second level high gear on motor input shaft, above-mentionedly rotates through second level engagement and is delivered to input shaft and then drive motor generating.Electricity generating device of the present utility model by ratchet and respectively with the click-fit of two kinds of structures, realize fluctuating the power transmission of both direction produced to float, solve the problem that current electricity generating device mechanism is complicated, matching is poor and cause generating efficiency is not high.

Description

A kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of hydroelectric generation, is specifically related to a kind of device utilizing wave-energy power generation.
Background technique
Fossil energy has one day that exhausts eventually, and each state is all at research novel energy product as an alternative.And China's energy scarcity, develop and utilize renewable and clean energy resource to become the most important thing.As everyone knows, wave energy is a kind of environmental protection, the reproducible energy, put into effect in coastal area some wave energies (utilizing wave) power station at present, its energy conversion mostly is pneumatic type (utilizing the pressurized air that moves up and down of wave to drive turbogenerator) and hydraulic type (wave promotes the external output work of hydraulic unit), its equipment service condition is high, equipment price is expensive, and floor space is large, and therefore these equipment cannot obtain general popularization.
Patent documentation CN201679618U discloses a kind of mechanical drive duckweed-type wave power generation device, it comprises wheels and the normal direction wheels of forward, it is connected with the float swum on the water surface with anti-wobble arm respectively by positive swing arm, utilize positive and negative two cover ratchets to drive two cover output gears to rotate respectively, thus realize generating.But this electricity generating device must install two cover power generation systems, complex structure, and transmission efficiency is low, and both coordinative coherences cannot accurately ensure, overall generating efficiency is not high.
Model utility content
For above defect or the Improvement requirement of prior art, the utility model provides a kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy, its by ratchet and respectively with the click-fit of two kinds of structures, thus can realize fluctuating the power transmission of both direction produced to float, solve the problem that current electricity generating device mechanism is complicated, matching is poor and cause generating efficiency is not high.
For achieving the above object, according to the utility model, a kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy is provided, comprises:
Fork, its one end is fixedly connected with the float on the water surface, the other end end is provided with two ratchets, this fork is by a stent support, described float fluctuates under the wave action and described fork can be driven to swing thus described swing link end part can be driven to move up and down, and then the two ratchet generation effects of driving;
Ratchet, it mates with described two ratchets, and described two ratchets one of them and described ratchet effect can be remained and promote described pawl wheel and another promotes not have an effect on ratchet in described fork pumps, thus described ratchet is kept to rotate towards a direction all the time;
Low speed drive, it is comprised and being coaxially connected by lower velocity shaft with described ratchet, in order to the first order low speed gear of synchronous axial system, and be arranged on the first order high gear engaged on the high speed shaft parallel with described lower velocity shaft and with described first order low speed gear, described ratchet rotate through this first order engagement driving on described first order high gear;
High speed drive, it is comprised and being synchronously connected by described high speed shaft with described first order high gear, in order to the second level low speed gear of synchronous axial system, and being arranged on the second level high gear engaged on the motor input shaft parallel with described high speed shaft and with this second level low speed gear, the second level engagement that rotates through on described first order high gear is delivered to input shaft and and then drive motor generating.
As improvement of the present utility model, described swing link end part is provided with a ratchet lever vertical with the fork body of rod, and two ratchets are separately positioned on the two ends of this ratchet lever.
As improvement of the present utility model, the driving mechanism that described ratchet, fork and float form has many groups, and wherein multiple ratchet is distributed on described lower velocity shaft, and each ratchet correspondence arranges described two ratchets, fork and float.
As improvement of the present utility model, described driving mechanism is three groups.
Electricity generating device of the present utility model can utilize wave energy in lake, river, the wave energy generating set that also can use in ocean.By utilizing float to collect Wave energy, finally convert the rotary motion of generator to.This device is arranged on lakeside riverbank, can powering to the street lamp of lake bank, billboard and landscape light, by beautifying to casing and float a kind of view making device become along the lake, island, ocean can also be arranged on, can be beacon to power, for islander provides daily electricity consumption.
In general, the above technological scheme conceived by the utility model compared with prior art, there is following beneficial effect: this device have employed the structure of float array, like this in wavy situation, any one float all can drive the rotation of ratchet because of moving up and down of wave, can reach the maximum utilization to rips energy; Utilize double-acting ratchet structure, no matter float moves upward or moves downward, and all can be with moving axis one-way rotation, enablely can measure whereby and utilize more fully; The shape of float is lower little large cuboid, and float bottom is plane, can maximum using rips; Float top is micro-arch, can prevent ponding above float from affecting the operational efficiency of machine.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the driven unit structural representation according to the electricity generating device constructed by the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation according to the electricity generating device constructed by the utility model embodiment.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technological scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.In addition, if below in described each mode of execution of the utility model involved technical characteristics do not form conflict each other and just can mutually combine.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the utility model relates to moving direction conversion, and the structure relating to moving direction conversion comprises float 1, connecting rod 2, support 3, upper ratchet 4, first order high speed tooth 5, first order low speed gear 6, ratchet 7, lower ratchet 8.Float 1 is immersed in water.Upper ratchet 4, bottom ratchet wheel 8 alternately promote ratchet 7 and rotate.
Fig. 2 is the utility model structural representation, and two-stage gear transmission comprises first order high speed tooth 5, lower velocity shaft 10, high speed shaft 11, second level low speed gear 14, high speed shaft 15, the rotation of lower velocity shaft 10 is raised speed, and drive electrical generators 13.AC-DC conversion and mu balanced circuit 12 convert the Ac that generator produces the direct current of the burning voltage that can be charge in batteries to.Other parts except float 1 protect by casing 9, and anti-sealing enters.
As shown in Figure 1, float 1 moves up and down along with wave dipping and heaving in water, and drivening rod 2 swings up and down.Be " T-shaped " that two ratchet has been installed above on the left of connecting rod 2: upper ratchet 4, lower ratchet 8.Connecting rod 2 is arranged on support 3.When float 1 moves downward, to lower swing on the right side of connecting rod 2, left side upwards swings.Now, promotion ratchet 7 rotates counterclockwise by lower ratchet 8, and upper ratchet 4 skids on ratchet.When float 1 moves upward, upwards swing on the right side of connecting rod 2, left side is to lower swing.Now, promotion ratchet 7 rotates counterclockwise by upper ratchet 4.Owing to there being three groups of floats to be immersed in water, no matter no matter any one group of float receives wave action float movement direction upwards or downwards, all drive lower velocity shaft 10 is rotated counterclockwise.Lower velocity shaft 10 rotates counterclockwise and drives first order low speed gear 6 to rotate counterclockwise.First order high gear 2 will rotate clockwise, and rotating speed is enhanced.Because first order high gear 2 and second level low speed gear 14 are arranged on high speed shaft 11 jointly, they have identical rotating speed.Gear on second level low speed gear 14 drive electrical generators 13, rotating speed is further improved.Generator 13 produces Ac, is converted to direct current by AC-DC conversion and mu balanced circuit 12, and voltage stabilization is fixed value, can be used for as charge in batteries.
In the utility model, wave energy promotes float and moves up and down, and three float actings in conjunction promote ratchet and drive ratchet to rotate towards same direction.Ratchet straps moving gear rotates, and through two-stage speed-raising, driving electric machine rotates generating.The utility model converts the low frequency movement of reciprocating direction to high speed rotating, and the conversion process of energy of---mechanical energy---electric energy that achieves wave energy.
Those skilled in the art will readily understand; the foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. utilize an electricity generating device for wave energy, comprising:
Fork (2), its one end is fixedly connected with the float (1) on the water surface, the other end end is provided with two ratchets (4,8), this fork (2) is supported by a support (3), and described float (1) fluctuates under the wave action and described fork (2) can be driven to swing thus described swing link end part can be driven to move up and down;
Ratchet (7), itself and described two ratchets (4,8) mate, and described two ratchets (4 can be remained in described fork (2) pump, 8) one of them and described ratchet (7) act on and promote that described ratchet (7) rotates and another does not have an effect on ratchet (7), thus keep described ratchet (7) to rotate towards a direction all the time;
Low speed drive, it is comprised and being coaxially connected by lower velocity shaft (10) with described ratchet (7), in order to the first order low speed gear (6) of synchronous axial system, and be arranged on the upper and first order high gear (5) engaged with described first order low speed gear (26) of the high speed shaft (11) parallel with described lower velocity shaft (10), described ratchet (7) rotate through in this first order engagement driving to described first order high gear (5); And
High speed drive, it is comprised and being synchronously connected by described high speed shaft (11) with described first order high gear (5), in order to the second level low speed gear (14) of synchronous axial system, and being arranged on the second level high gear engaged on the motor input shaft parallel with described high speed shaft (11) and with this second level low speed gear (14), the second level engagement that rotates through on described first order high gear (5) is delivered to input shaft and and then drive motor (13) generating.
2. a kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy according to claim 1, wherein, described fork (2) end is provided with a ratchet lever vertical with fork (2) body of rod, and two ratchets (4,8) are separately positioned on the two ends of this ratchet lever.
3. a kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy according to claim 1 and 2, wherein, the driving mechanism that described ratchet (7), fork (2) and float (1) form has many groups, wherein multiple ratchet (7) is distributed on described lower velocity shaft (10), each ratchet (7) correspondence arranges described two ratchets (4,8), fork (2) and float (1).
4. a kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy according to claim 3, wherein, described driving mechanism is three groups.
CN201420634269.0U 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 A kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy Expired - Fee Related CN204312246U (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105443308A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-30 无锡清杨机械制造有限公司 Power generating device through wave mechanical energy
CN107035610A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-08-11 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of cylinder flows TRT
CN107218172A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-29 中国地质大学(武汉) A kind of water ripples TRT
CN107792298A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-03-13 浙江大学 A kind of automatic deploying and retracting chain apparatus for floating type water photovoltaic mooring
CN108412675A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-17 武汉理工大学 It is a kind of that formula power generator is swayed based on wave energy
CN108590988A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-28 武汉理工大学 It is a kind of to utilize the power generator for sharing bicycle seat
CN108770712A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-11-09 蔡秋菊 A kind of herding Crosswind type feeder
CN108915940A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-11-30 安徽理工大学 A kind of ocean wave energy generating set
CN109268195A (en) * 2018-08-05 2019-01-25 东北石油大学 The wave swing blade type hydroelectric installation of marine drilling platform
CN109334935A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-02-15 中国科学院广州能源研究所 A kind of unmanned boat by powered by wave energy
CN111535979A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-14 荆门思安机械设备有限公司 Pawl type wave power generation device
CN111561417A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-21 荆门思安机械设备有限公司 Wing plate type sea wave power generation device
CN111633073A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-08 杭州旗芳实业有限公司 Convertible panel device of bending based on gear drive principle
CN113233580A (en) * 2021-05-07 2021-08-10 浙江略敏环保科技有限公司 Microbial purifier for water body environment restoration and use method thereof

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105443308A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-30 无锡清杨机械制造有限公司 Power generating device through wave mechanical energy
CN107218172A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-29 中国地质大学(武汉) A kind of water ripples TRT
CN107035610A (en) * 2017-05-26 2017-08-11 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of cylinder flows TRT
CN107792298B (en) * 2017-10-10 2019-02-22 浙江大学 A kind of automatic deploying and retracting chain apparatus for floating type water photovoltaic mooring
CN107792298A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-03-13 浙江大学 A kind of automatic deploying and retracting chain apparatus for floating type water photovoltaic mooring
CN108412675A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-17 武汉理工大学 It is a kind of that formula power generator is swayed based on wave energy
CN108590988A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-28 武汉理工大学 It is a kind of to utilize the power generator for sharing bicycle seat
CN108590988B (en) * 2018-04-08 2020-05-05 武汉理工大学 Power generation device using shared bicycle seat
CN108770712A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-11-09 蔡秋菊 A kind of herding Crosswind type feeder
CN109268195A (en) * 2018-08-05 2019-01-25 东北石油大学 The wave swing blade type hydroelectric installation of marine drilling platform
CN109268195B (en) * 2018-08-05 2020-06-19 东北石油大学 Sea wave swinging blade type hydroelectric generation device of ocean drilling platform
CN108915940A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-11-30 安徽理工大学 A kind of ocean wave energy generating set
CN109334935A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-02-15 中国科学院广州能源研究所 A kind of unmanned boat by powered by wave energy
CN111535979A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-14 荆门思安机械设备有限公司 Pawl type wave power generation device
CN111561417A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-21 荆门思安机械设备有限公司 Wing plate type sea wave power generation device
CN111633073A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-08 杭州旗芳实业有限公司 Convertible panel device of bending based on gear drive principle
CN113233580A (en) * 2021-05-07 2021-08-10 浙江略敏环保科技有限公司 Microbial purifier for water body environment restoration and use method thereof

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Granted publication date: 20150506

Termination date: 20181029