CN108590988B - Power generation device using shared bicycle seat - Google Patents

Power generation device using shared bicycle seat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108590988B
CN108590988B CN201810306502.5A CN201810306502A CN108590988B CN 108590988 B CN108590988 B CN 108590988B CN 201810306502 A CN201810306502 A CN 201810306502A CN 108590988 B CN108590988 B CN 108590988B
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China
Prior art keywords
power generation
bicycle seat
pawl
generation device
shared bicycle
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CN201810306502.5A
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CN108590988A (en
Inventor
刘建国
魏豪
杨健
龚琦婷
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G5/00Devices for producing mechanical power from muscle energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G5/00Devices for producing mechanical power from muscle energy
    • F03G5/02Devices for producing mechanical power from muscle energy of endless-walk type, e.g. treadmills

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Lock And Its Accessories (AREA)
  • Connection Of Motors, Electrical Generators, Mechanical Devices, And The Like (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of power generation devices, in particular to a power generation device utilizing a shared bicycle seat. The bicycle seat adopts the structure, utilizes the up-and-down movement of the bicycle seat of the sharing bicycle to generate the electric energy required by the electronic lock, and has convenient use and ingenious design.

Description

Power generation device using shared bicycle seat
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of power generation devices, in particular to a power generation device utilizing a shared bicycle seat.
Background
With the increase of the quantity of automobiles kept in China, the traffic jam in China is increasingly serious, and various proposals and methods for energy conservation, emission reduction and jam reduction appear in the public view. The bicycle is a green travel mode advocated by people all the time, but the traditional bicycle has been difficult to satisfy people's demand. The device conforms to the trend of the times, and the shared bicycle is used for time sharing. The shared bicycle maximally utilizes the public road passing rate and plays a role in health.
The sharing bicycle not only solves the problem of people going out, but also slows down traffic pressure to a certain extent. The sharing bicycle generally uses the electronic lock, and since the electronic lock consumes power, it is troublesome to frequently recycle the bicycle to charge the lock.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention provides the power generation device utilizing the shared bicycle seat, which utilizes the up-and-down movement of the bicycle seat of the shared bicycle to generate the electric energy required by the electronic lock, and has the advantages of convenient use and ingenious design.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides an utilize power generation facility of sharing bicycle seat, includes bicycle seat, seat installation pole and electricity generation subassembly, is fixed on the seat installation pole to be equipped with fixation clamp and fixed plate, electricity generation subassembly upper portion and bicycle seat rigid connection, and electricity generation subassembly lower part is passed through the fixation clamp and is spacing fixed with the fixed plate.
Further, the power generation assembly comprises a connecting rod, a cross block, a thrust pawl, a non-return pawl, a spiral spring, a ratchet wheel, a large gear, a small gear, a micro-generator and a connecting shaft, the upper portion of the connecting rod is rigidly connected with the bicycle seat, the lower portion of the connecting rod is rigidly connected with the cross block, one end of the cross block is non-rigidly connected to the thrust pawl, the other end of the cross block is non-rigidly connected to the non-return pawl, the thrust pawl and the non-return pawl are correspondingly connected to the ratchet wheel through the spiral spring, the ratchet wheel is connected with the large gear through the connecting shaft in a key mode, the large gear is connected with the small.
Furthermore, the tops of the thrust pawl and the non-return pawl are non-rigidly connected to the two ends of the cross block, the middle parts of the thrust pawl and the non-return pawl are connected through a spiral spring, and the bottoms of the thrust pawl and the non-return pawl are connected to the ratchet wheel.
Further, the connecting shaft is limited and fixed through a fixing clamp.
Further, the micro-generator is fixed on the fixing plate.
Further, the gearwheel is a bevel gear.
Further, the output shaft of the micro-generator adopts a bevel gear shaft.
Further, the fixing clamp and the fixing plate are fixed on the seat mounting rod through bolts and nuts respectively in a bolting mode.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. when the bicycle seat is stressed, the connecting rod and the cross block move downwards to drive the thrust pawl to move downwards, so that the ratchet wheel rotates, then the big gear and the small gear are driven to rotate, and power is transmitted to the micro generator, so that electric energy is obtained;
2. when the stress of the bicycle seat disappears, the connecting rod and the cross block move upwards to drive the non-return pawl to move upwards so as to enable the ratchet wheel to rotate, then the big gear and the small gear are driven to rotate, and the power is transmitted to the micro generator, so that the electric energy is obtained;
3. the electric energy required by the electronic lock is generated by utilizing the up-and-down movement of the bicycle seat of the shared bicycle, and the bicycle is convenient to use and ingenious in design.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a power generation assembly;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a pawl and ratchet arrangement;
FIG. 4 is a force transmission path operational schematic of the bicycle seat when under force;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the force transmission path when the bicycle seat is subjected to a force loss.
1. A connecting rod; 2. a cross block; 3. a thrust pawl; 4. a non-return pawl; 5. a coil spring; 6. a ratchet wheel; 7. a bull gear; 8. a pinion gear; 9. a micro-generator; 10. a connecting shaft; 11. a bicycle seat; 12. a seat mounting bar; 13. a fixing clip; 14. and (7) fixing the plate.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention is described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in FIG. 1, the power generation device using the shared bicycle seat comprises a bicycle seat 11, a seat mounting rod 12 and a power generation assembly, wherein a fixing clamp 13 and a fixing plate 14 are fixedly arranged on the seat mounting rod 12, the upper part of the power generation assembly is rigidly connected with the bicycle seat 11, and the lower part of the power generation assembly is fixed with the fixing plate 14 in a limiting manner through the fixing clamp 13. The above constitutes the basic structure of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 2, the power generation assembly comprises a connecting rod 1, a cross block 2, a thrust pawl 3, a non-return pawl 4, a spiral spring 5, a ratchet wheel 6, a large gear 7, a small gear 8, a micro generator 9 and a connecting shaft 10, wherein the upper part of the connecting rod 1 is rigidly connected with a bicycle seat 11, the lower part of the connecting rod 1 is rigidly connected with the cross block 2, one end of the cross block 2 is non-rigidly connected with the thrust pawl 3, the other end of the cross block 2 is non-rigidly connected with the non-return pawl 4, the thrust pawl 3 and the non-return pawl 4 are correspondingly connected with the ratchet wheel 6 through the spiral spring 5, the ratchet wheel 6 is in key connection with the large gear 7 through the connecting shaft 10, the large gear 7 is in meshed connection with the small. By adopting the structure, the connecting rod 1 is used for transmitting stress on the bicycle seat 11 and ensuring the direction of the stress to be unchanged (downwards), the thrust pawl 3 and the non-return pawl 4 are connected with two ends of the cross block 2 in a non-rigid connection mode, the thrust pawl 3 and the non-return pawl 4 are movable, the thrust pawl 3 and the non-return pawl 4 can be ensured to be correspondingly connected with the ratchet wheel 6 under the action of elastic force by arranging the spiral spring 5 between the thrust pawl 3 and the non-return pawl 4, wherein the thrust pawl 3 can move downwards to push the ratchet wheel 6 to rotate when the bicycle seat 11 is stressed, the non-return pawl 4 can move upwards when the bicycle seat 11 is suddenly not stressed, the rotation direction of the ratchet wheel 6 is unchanged, and the reciprocating linear motion of the connecting rod 1 is changed into single-direction rotary motion under the matched use of the thrust pawl 3, the non-return pawl 4 and the ratchet wheel, the ratchet 6 and the large gear 7 are connected through a connecting shaft 10 in a key mode to form a whole, the large gear 7 and the small gear 8 are connected in a meshed mode to form a gear transmission structure, the small gear 8 is sleeved on an output shaft of the micro-generator 9 and transmits force to the micro-generator 9, the power generation effect is achieved by utilizing the principle that force energy is converted into electric energy, and the micro-generator 9 stores the generated electric energy into the electricity storage device.
As shown in fig. 3, the top parts of the thrust pawl 3 and the check pawl 4 are not rigidly connected to the two ends of the cross block 2, the middle parts of the thrust pawl 3 and the check pawl 4 are connected through a coil spring 5, and the bottom parts of the thrust pawl 3 and the check pawl 4 are connected to the ratchet wheel 6. By adopting the structure, the thrust pawl 3 and the non-return pawl 4 are positioned at two ends of the cross block 2 in a non-rigid connection mode, then the thrust pawl 3 and the non-return pawl 4 are limited through the spiral spring 5, so that the thrust pawl 3 and the non-return pawl 4 are respectively buckled at two sides of the ratchet wheel 6, the thrust pawl 3 can move downwards to push the ratchet wheel 6 to rotate when the bicycle seat 11 is stressed, the non-return pawl 4 can move upwards when the bicycle seat 11 is suddenly not stressed, and the rotating direction of the ratchet wheel 6 is unchanged.
More specifically, the connecting shaft 10 is fixed in a limiting manner by a fixing clip 13. By adopting the structure, the ratchet wheel 6 and the large gear 7 are connected into a whole through the connecting shaft 10 in a key mode, and the connecting shaft 10 is positioned through the fixing clamp 13, so that the effect of positioning the ratchet wheel 6 and the large gear 7 is achieved.
More specifically, the micro-generator 9 is fixed to the fixing plate 14. With such a structure, the micro-generator 9 is positioned by the fixing plate 14, and the effect of the matching and meshing of the pinion 8 and the gearwheel 7 is achieved.
More specifically, the large gear 7 is a bevel gear, and the output shaft of the micro-generator 9 is a bevel gear shaft. By adopting the structure, the helical gear mainly has the advantages of good meshing performance, stable transmission and low noise; the contact ratio is large, the load of the gear is reduced, and the bearing capacity of the gear is improved.
More specifically, the fixing clip 13 and the fixing plate 14 are bolted to the seat mounting rod 12 by bolts and nuts, respectively. By adopting the structure, the position relation between the fixing clamp 13 and the fixing plate 14 can be conveniently adjusted by the fixing mode of the bolt and the nut, and the installation and the disassembly are simple.
As shown in fig. 4, the operating principle of the thrust pawl 3 is: because the upper end of the connecting rod 1 is rigidly connected with the bicycle seat 11, and the lower end is rigidly connected with the cross block 2, when the bicycle seat 11 is stressed, the cross block 2 is pushed to move downwards through the connecting rod 1, the cross block 2 pushes the thrust pawl 3 to move downwards, the thrust pawl 3 pushes the ratchet wheel 6 to rotate, the ratchet wheel 6 is connected with the big gear 7 through the connecting shaft 10 in a key mode, the ratchet wheel 6 rotates to drive the big gear 7 to rotate together, the big gear 7 is meshed with the small gear 8, the small gear 8 is sleeved on the output shaft of the micro-generator 9, the rotation of the big gear 7 drives the small gear 8 to rotate, finally, the force is transmitted to the micro-generator 9 to generate electricity, and the electricity generated.
As shown in figure 5, because the upper end of the connecting rod 1 is rigidly connected with the bicycle seat 11, and the lower end is rigidly connected with the cross block 2, when the stress on the bicycle seat 11 disappears, the connecting rod 1 pushes the cross block 2 to move upwards, the cross block 2 drives the non-return pawl 4 to move upwards, the non-return pawl 4 drives the ratchet wheel 6 to rotate, the ratchet wheel 6 is connected with the big gear 7 through the connecting shaft 10 in a key mode, the ratchet wheel 6 rotates to drive the big gear 7 to rotate together, the big gear 7 is meshed with the small gear 8, the small gear 8 is sleeved on the output shaft of the micro generator 9, the rotation of the big gear 7 drives the small gear 8 to rotate, finally, the force is transmitted to the micro generator 9 to generate electricity.
While the present invention has been described with reference to the embodiments shown in the drawings, the present invention is not limited to the embodiments, which are illustrative and not restrictive, and those skilled in the art can make various modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A power generation device using a shared bicycle seat is characterized in that: the bicycle seat comprises a bicycle seat (11), a seat mounting rod (12) and a power generation assembly, wherein a fixing clamp (13) and a fixing plate (14) are fixedly arranged on the seat mounting rod (12), the upper part of the power generation assembly is rigidly connected with the bicycle seat (11), and the lower part of the power generation assembly is limited and fixed with the fixing plate (14) through the fixing clamp (13);
the power generation assembly comprises a connecting rod (1), a cross block (2), a thrust pawl (3), a non-return pawl (4), a spiral spring (5), a ratchet wheel (6), a large gear (7), a small gear (8), a micro generator (9) and a connecting shaft (10), wherein the upper part of the connecting rod (1) is rigidly connected with a bicycle seat (11), the lower part of the connecting rod (1) is rigidly connected with the cross block (2), one end of the cross block (2) is non-rigidly connected with the thrust pawl (3), the other end of the cross block (2) is non-rigidly connected with the non-return pawl (4), the thrust pawl (3) and the non-return pawl (4) are correspondingly connected with the ratchet wheel (6) through the spiral spring (5), the ratchet wheel (6) is in key connection with the large gear (7) through the connecting shaft (10), and the large gear (7), the pinion (8) is sleeved on an output shaft of the micro generator (9), and the micro generator (9) is connected with an electricity storage assembly.
2. The power generation device using the shared bicycle seat as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the top parts of the thrust pawl (3) and the non-return pawl (4) are non-rigidly connected to the two ends of the cross block (2), the middle parts of the thrust pawl (3) and the non-return pawl (4) are connected through a spiral spring (5), and the bottom parts of the thrust pawl (3) and the non-return pawl (4) are connected to the ratchet wheel (6).
3. The power generation device using the shared bicycle seat as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the connecting shaft (10) is limited and fixed through a fixing clamp (13).
4. The power generation device using the shared bicycle seat as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the micro generator (9) is fixed on the fixing plate (14).
5. The power generation device using the shared bicycle seat as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the gearwheel (7) adopts a helical gear.
6. The power generation device using the shared bicycle seat as claimed in claim 1, wherein: an output shaft of the micro generator (9) adopts a bevel gear shaft.
7. The power generation device using the shared bicycle seat as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fixing clamp (13) and the fixing plate (14) are fixed on the seat mounting rod (12) through bolts and nuts in a bolting mode respectively.
CN201810306502.5A 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 Power generation device using shared bicycle seat Active CN108590988B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810306502.5A CN108590988B (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 Power generation device using shared bicycle seat

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CN108590988B true CN108590988B (en) 2020-05-05

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007129814A (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-05-24 Univ Nagoya Generating set and charging set using it
CN201235901Y (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-05-13 叶明祥 Bicycle cushion generator
CN201907598U (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-07-27 昆明理工大学 Bicycle seat rack type vibration attenuation generating set
CN202360703U (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-08-01 天津交通职业学院 Rack bar type double-acting ratchet wheel mechanism
CN204312246U (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-05-06 华中科技大学 A kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWM355880U (en) * 2008-06-06 2009-05-01 ming-xiang Ye Electric generator for bicycle seat pad

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007129814A (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-05-24 Univ Nagoya Generating set and charging set using it
CN201235901Y (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-05-13 叶明祥 Bicycle cushion generator
CN201907598U (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-07-27 昆明理工大学 Bicycle seat rack type vibration attenuation generating set
CN202360703U (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-08-01 天津交通职业学院 Rack bar type double-acting ratchet wheel mechanism
CN204312246U (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-05-06 华中科技大学 A kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy

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