CN113233580A - Microbial purifier for water body environment restoration and use method thereof - Google Patents

Microbial purifier for water body environment restoration and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113233580A
CN113233580A CN202110514316.2A CN202110514316A CN113233580A CN 113233580 A CN113233580 A CN 113233580A CN 202110514316 A CN202110514316 A CN 202110514316A CN 113233580 A CN113233580 A CN 113233580A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
fixed
energy
floating bed
microbial
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CN202110514316.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
池韬略
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Zhejiang Luemin Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Luemin Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202110514316.2A priority Critical patent/CN113233580A/en
Publication of CN113233580A publication Critical patent/CN113233580A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • C02F3/12Activated sludge processes
    • C02F3/1236Particular type of activated sludge installations
    • C02F3/1268Membrane bioreactor systems
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of microbial purification equipment for water environment, in particular to a microbial purifier for water environment restoration and a using method thereof, wherein the microbial purifier comprises a floating bed, a biological membrane structure is arranged on the bottom surface of the floating bed, and the microbial purifier further comprises: the energy capturing mechanism is arranged on the floating bed and is used for collecting and converting water wave energy and wind energy; the energy capturing mechanism drives the water pumping and aerating mechanism to promote water flow and deliver oxygen to microorganisms on the biological membrane structure; the protection mechanism plays a role in protecting the biological membrane structure through the protection mechanism, and can automatically clean and prevent blockage under the driving of the energy capturing mechanism. The microbial purifying machine for water body environment restoration and the using method thereof improve the efficiency and the effect of microbes on water body restoration and purification, play a role in protecting a biological membrane structure, do not need additional energy input for the whole device, save energy and reduce emission, do not need to adopt an electrical element, and have simple structure and lower cost.

Description

Microbial purifier for water body environment restoration and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of microbial purification equipment for water environments, in particular to a microbial purifier for water environment restoration and a using method thereof.
Background
The existing Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) for restoring the water environment can degrade organic matters in the water body through the biomembrane by intercepting and filtering the water body and forming the biomembrane, thereby improving the water quality.
However, when the existing membrane bioreactor is used for water body purification, because the microorganism implantation speed is low and the biofilm structure formed after implantation is loose, the biofilm structure is impacted and damaged under the impact of other hard impurities in water flow, so that the repair effect and efficiency of the water body environment are greatly reduced, and when the microorganisms on the biofilm are attached to a large number, insufficient oxygen supply in the water body causes insufficient microorganism supply, and further the water body is not beneficial to purification and repair.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a microbial purifier for water body environment restoration and a using method thereof, so as to solve the problems in the background technology. In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a little biological purification machine and application method for water environment restoration, includes and floats the bed, floats the bottom surface of bed and is provided with the biomembrane structure, still includes:
the energy capturing mechanism is arranged on the floating bed and is used for collecting and converting water wave energy and wind energy;
the energy catching mechanism drives the water pumping aeration mechanism to promote water flow and deliver oxygen to microorganisms on the biological membrane structure;
the protection mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the floating bed, the biological membrane structure is arranged outside the protection mechanism, the protection mechanism plays a role in protecting the biological membrane structure, and the protection mechanism can automatically clean and prevent blockage under the driving of the catching mechanism.
Preferably, the energy capturing mechanism comprises two sliding rods which are vertically and upwards arranged on the upper surface of the fixed floating bed, the two sliding rods are parallel to each other, the upper ends of the two sliding rods are respectively vertically and fixedly connected to the two ends of the cross beam, sliding cylinders are sleeved on the two sliding rods and are connected in a sliding mode, a first support and a second support are respectively and fixedly connected to the two sliding cylinders, and the first support is in transmission connection with the protection mechanism.
Preferably, the energy capturing mechanism further comprises an air storage tank fixed on the upper surface of the floating bed, and the air storage tank is communicated with the water pumping aeration mechanism through a second air pipe.
Preferably, the one end of first support is fixed with the kicking block, the other end is provided with energy storage component, be fixed with the sliding sleeve on the second support, and the one end that the smooth section of thick bamboo was kept away from to the second support also is provided with energy storage component, sliding sleeve cover establishes and sliding connection is on reciprocating type lead screw, reciprocating type lead screw's lower extreme dead axle rotates to be connected on floating the bed, and reciprocating type lead screw parallels with the slide bar, reciprocating type lead screw's the coaxial fixedly connected with pivot two in upper end, the upper end of pivot two runs through and dead axle rotates to be connected on the crossbeam, and the upper end fixed connection of pivot two can receive wind-force driven fan blade.
Preferably, the energy storage assembly comprises a rotary table and a second exhaust volute, a third rotary shaft vertically penetrates through the center of the rotary table and is fixedly connected to the rotary table, the third rotary shaft is rotatably connected to a first suspender fixed on the cross beam, a plurality of teeth are sequentially arranged and fixed on the peripheral wall of the rotary table along the circumferential axial direction, the teeth are in a wedge shape and are arranged in the same hour-hand direction, the rotary table is positioned above the corresponding first bracket or second bracket, the first bracket and the second bracket are symmetrically hinged with two clamping arms, the middle parts of the two clamping arms are connected through springs, the upper ends of the two clamping arms are respectively fixed with a buckling block, the two buckling blocks are positioned on two sides of the corresponding rotary table and can be in buckling contact with the teeth, the second exhaust volute is fixed on the cross beam through the second suspender, the second impeller is rotatably connected to the inner fixed shaft of the second exhaust volute, the third rotary shaft penetrates through the end wall of the second exhaust volute and is fixedly connected with the rotation center of the second impeller, and the side wall of the second exhaust volute is fixed and communicated with a third air pipe, the third air pipe is arranged in a tangent manner with the side wall of the second exhaust volute, and the third air pipe is communicated with an air storage tank.
Preferably, the pumping aeration mechanism comprises a first drainage volute and a first exhaust volute fixed on the support rod, a fourth rotating shaft is rotatably connected to a fixed shaft in the drainage volute, a third impeller is fixed on the fourth rotating shaft, a water pipe is fixed and communicated to the side wall of the drainage volute and is arranged tangentially to the side wall of the drainage volute, the lower end of the water pipe penetrates through the floating bed and is communicated with the inner side of the biomembrane structure, the upper end of the water pipe is connected with a plurality of water spray nozzles, and the water spray nozzles are fixed on the cross beam and spray water liquid to the peripheral side of the floating bed.
Preferably, the inner fixed shaft of the first exhaust volute is rotatably connected with a first impeller, one end of the rotating shaft IV penetrates through the end walls of the first exhaust volute and the first drainage volute and is fixedly connected with the rotating center of the first impeller, the side wall of the first exhaust volute is fixed and communicated with a second air pipe, the second air pipe is arranged in a tangent mode with the side wall of the first exhaust volute, one end, away from the air storage tank, of the second air pipe is connected with the first air pipe, the first air pipe is communicated with a plurality of air nozzles fixed on the bottom plate, the bottom plate is located on the lower side of the biomembrane structure, and the spraying direction of the air nozzles points to the biomembrane structure.
Preferably, the protection mechanism comprises a protection cover cylinder, the protection cover cylinder is sleeved on the outer side of the biological membrane structure, the upper end and the lower end of the protection cover cylinder are respectively connected to the bottom surface of the floating bed and the upper surface of the bottom plate in a fixed-shaft rotating mode, a gear ring is fixed on the outer side wall of the protection cover cylinder, a brush strip is fixed on the bottom surface of the floating bed, and the brush strip is used for cleaning the outer side wall of the protection cover cylinder.
Preferably, the floating bed is connected with a first rotating shaft in a penetrating and fixed-shaft rotating mode, the lower end of the first rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the center of an inner ring of a ratchet wheel, an outer ring of the ratchet wheel is connected with a gear ring in a meshed mode, the upper end of the first rotating shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with a twist rod, the twist rod penetrates through and is connected to a circular plate in a sliding mode, and the circular plate is fixed on the first support.
A use method of a microbial purifier for water body environment restoration comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the energy capturing mechanism is used for converting water wave energy and wind energy;
step two: the energy capturing mechanism drives the water pumping aeration mechanism to increase the oxygen supply amount to the biofilm structure and promote the flow of water liquid;
step three: the biological membrane structure is protected by the protection mechanism in the water flow flowing process, and the protection mechanism is driven by the energy capturing mechanism to automatically clean.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
in the invention, the energy capturing mechanism converts the water wave energy and the wind energy, so that the whole device does not need additional energy input, saves energy and reduces emission, and does not need to adopt electrical elements, has simple structure and lower cost, increases the oxygen supply amount to the biomembrane structure by driving the water pumping aeration mechanism by the energy catching mechanism, ensures the oxygen supply of microorganisms, thereby improving the efficiency and the effect of the microorganism on the water body restoration and purification, being beneficial to increasing the microorganism attachment amount on the biological membrane structure, and promotes the flow of water liquid, so that the microorganisms on the biomembrane structure can efficiently contact with harmful substances in the flowing water liquid for decomposition and purification, thereby improving the purification effect and efficiency of the water body, and the water spray nozzle sprays the water liquid to increase the contact area of the water liquid and the air, thereby being beneficial to increasing the dissolved oxygen of water and further being beneficial to improving the purification efficiency of the water.
According to the invention, the protection mechanism plays a role in protecting the biofilm structure in the water flow flowing process, the energy capturing mechanism drives the protection mechanism to automatically clean, hard impurities adhered to the outer side wall of the protective cover cylinder are brushed off, the filtering effect of the protective cover cylinder is ensured, manual cleaning is not needed, and time and labor are saved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the final assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the cross-sectional structure A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a cross-sectional structure B-B in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the cross-sectional structure C-C of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the cross-sectional structure of FIG. 1 taken along line D-D;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a first rotating shaft and a ratchet wheel according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. floating bed; 2. a first rotating shaft; 3. a ratchet wheel; 4. a ring gear; 5. a protective cover cylinder; 6. a base plate; 7. an air nozzle; 8. a first trachea; 9. a water pipe; 10. a biofilm structure; 11. brushing the strip; 12. a first bracket; 13. a slide cylinder; 14. a slide bar; 15. a water spray nozzle; 16. a first suspender; 17. a twisted rod; 18. a circular plate; 19. a second suspender; 20. an energy storage assembly; 21. a gas storage tank; 22. a drain volute; 23. a second trachea; 24. a first exhaust volute; 25. a strut; 26. a cross beam; 27. a fan blade; 28. a second rotating shaft; 29. a reciprocating screw rod; 30. a second bracket; 31. a sliding sleeve; 32. clamping arms; 33. a spring; 34. buckling blocks; 35. a rotating shaft III; 36. teeth; 37. a second exhaust volute; 38. a third trachea; 39. an impeller II; 40. a rotating shaft IV; 41. an impeller I; 42. an impeller III; 43. floating blocks; 44. a turntable.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
Current membrane bioreactor dams the water and filters formation biomembrane, can degrade the organic matter in the water through the biomembrane, because microorganism implantation speed is slower, and the biomembrane structure that forms after the implantation is comparatively loose, present membrane bioreactor is carrying out water purification during operation, lead to the biomembrane structure to cause the impact to take place to destroy easily under the impact of other stereoplasm debris in the rivers, lead to reducing repair effect and the efficiency to the water environment, when microorganism on the biomembrane adheres to more, oxygen supply is not enough also can cause and supports inadequately to the microorganism in the water, be unfavorable for the purification restoration to the water.
At present, the integration scheme for solving the problem is almost not available, and integrated equipment is not mentioned.
In view of this, we propose a microbial cleaning machine for water environment restoration and a method of using the same.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a microbial purification machine for water environment restoration, is provided with biomembrane structure 10 including floating bed 1, the bottom surface that floats bed 1, still includes:
the energy capturing mechanism is arranged on the floating bed 1 and is used for collecting and converting water wave energy and wind energy;
the water pumping aeration mechanism is arranged on the floating bed 1, and the energy catching mechanism drives the water pumping aeration mechanism to promote the water flow and deliver oxygen to the microorganisms on the biological membrane structure 10;
the protection mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the floating bed 1, the biological membrane structure 10 is arranged on the outer side of the protection mechanism, the protection mechanism plays a role in protecting the biological membrane structure 10, and the protection mechanism can automatically clean and prevent blockage under the driving of the catching mechanism.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the energy capturing mechanism includes two slide bars 14 that are vertically and upwardly disposed on the upper surface of the fixed floating bed 1, the two slide bars 14 are parallel to each other, the upper ends of the two slide bars 14 are respectively vertically and fixedly connected to two ends of the cross beam 26, the two slide bars 14 are respectively sleeved with and slidably connected to a slide cylinder 13, the two slide cylinders 13 are respectively and fixedly connected to a first support 12 and a second support 30, and the first support 12 is in transmission connection with the protection mechanism.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the energy capturing mechanism further includes an air storage tank 21 fixed on the upper surface of the floating bed 1, and the air storage tank 21 is communicated with the water pumping aeration mechanism through a second air pipe 23.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, a floating block 43 is fixed at one end of the first support 12, an energy storage assembly 20 is arranged at the other end of the first support, a sliding sleeve 31 is fixed on the second support 30, the energy storage assembly 20 is also arranged at one end of the second support 30 away from the sliding barrel 13, the sliding sleeve 31 is sleeved and slidably connected to the reciprocating lead screw 29, the lower end of the reciprocating lead screw 29 is fixedly and axially connected to the floating bed 1, the reciprocating lead screw 29 is parallel to the sliding rod 14, a second rotating shaft 28 is coaxially and fixedly connected to the upper end of the reciprocating lead screw 29, the upper end of the second rotating shaft 28 penetrates through and is axially and rotatably connected to the cross beam 26, the upper end of the second rotating shaft 28 is fixedly connected to a fan blade 27 capable of being driven by wind power, and the energy storage assembly 20 captures and converts water wave energy and wind energy, thereby saving energy and reducing emission.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the energy storage assembly 20 includes a rotary table 44 and a second exhaust volute 37, a third rotary shaft 35 vertically penetrates through the center of the rotary table 44, the third rotary shaft 35 is fixedly connected to the first boom 16 fixed to the cross beam 26, a plurality of teeth 36 are sequentially arranged and fixed on the outer peripheral wall of the rotary table 44 along the circumferential axial direction, the teeth 36 are wedge-shaped and arranged in the same clockwise direction, the rotary table 44 is located above the corresponding first bracket 12 or second bracket 30, the first bracket 12 and second bracket 30 are symmetrically hinged with two clamping arms 32, the middle portions of the two clamping arms 32 are connected through springs 33, the upper ends of the two clamping arms 32 are respectively fixed with a fastening block 34, and the two fastening blocks 34 are located at two sides of the corresponding rotary table 44 and can be in fastening contact with the teeth 36, the second exhaust volute 37 is fixed on the cross beam 26 through the second suspender 19, the second impeller 39 is rotatably connected to the inside of the second exhaust volute 37 in a fixed-axis mode, the third rotating shaft 35 penetrates through the end wall of the second exhaust volute 37 and is fixedly connected with the rotating center of the second impeller 39, the side wall of the second exhaust volute 37 is fixed and communicated with the third air pipe 38, the third air pipe 38 and the side wall of the second exhaust volute 37 are arranged in a tangent mode, the third air pipe 38 is communicated with the air storage tank 21, and the energy storage assembly 20 exerts a pressure effect on air so as to be used for driving the water pumping aeration mechanism to increase oxygen supply to the biofilm structure 10 and promote water liquid to flow.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the pumping aeration mechanism includes a first drainage volute 22 and a first exhaust volute 24 fixed on a support rod 25, a fourth rotating shaft 40 is rotatably connected to the inside of the first drainage volute 22 in a fixed axis manner, a third impeller 42 is fixed on the fourth rotating shaft 40, a water pipe 9 is fixed and communicated to the side wall of the first drainage volute 22, the water pipe 9 is arranged in a tangent manner to the side wall of the first drainage volute 22, the lower end of the water pipe 9 penetrates through the floating bed 1 and is communicated with the inner side of the biofilm structure 10, the upper end of the water pipe 9 is connected with a plurality of water nozzles 15, the water nozzles 15 are fixed on the cross beam 26 and spray water to the peripheral side of the floating bed 1, and the water nozzles 15 spray water to increase the contact area between the water and air, thereby increasing the dissolved oxygen content of the water and further improving the purification efficiency of the water.
In the embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 4, the first impeller 41 is connected to the inside of the first exhaust volute 24 in a fixed-axis rotating manner, one end of the rotating shaft four 40 penetrates through the end walls of the first exhaust volute 22 and the first exhaust volute 24 and is fixedly connected with the rotating center of the first impeller 41, the side wall of the first exhaust volute 24 is fixed and communicated with the second air pipe 23, the second air pipe 23 is tangent to the side wall of the first exhaust volute 24, one end of the second air pipe 23, which is far away from the air storage tank 21, is connected with the first air pipe 8, the first air pipe 8 is communicated with a plurality of air nozzles 7 fixed on the bottom plate 6, the bottom plate 6 is positioned at the lower side of the biological membrane structure 10, and the spraying direction of the air nozzle 7 points to the biological membrane structure 10, so that the oxygen supply amount to the microorganisms on the biological membrane structure 10 is increased, the oxygen supply of the microorganisms is ensured, thereby improving the efficiency and the effect of the microorganism on the water body restoration and purification and being beneficial to increasing the microorganism attachment amount on the biological membrane structure 10.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the protection mechanism includes a protection cover cylinder 5, the protection cover cylinder 5 can pass through water liquid, and block and filter big stereoplasm debris, thereby avoid these stereoplasm debris to produce the impact damage to biofilm structure 10, play the guard action to biofilm structure 10, protection cover cylinder 5 cover is established in the outside of biofilm structure 10, and the upper and lower both ends of protection cover cylinder 5 are fixed axle rotation respectively and are connected in the bottom surface of floating bed 1, the upper surface of bottom plate 6, the lateral wall of protection cover cylinder 5 is fixed with ring gear 4, the bottom surface of floating bed 1 is fixed with brush strip 11, brush strip 11 is used for cleaning the lateral wall of protection cover cylinder 5, brush out the stereoplasm debris that adhere on protection cover cylinder 5 lateral wall, ensure the filter effect of protection cover cylinder 5, need not artifical cleanness, time saving and labor saving.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 6, the floating bed 1 is connected with the first rotating shaft 2 in a penetrating and fixed-axis rotating manner, the lower end of the first rotating shaft 2 is fixedly connected with the center of the inner ring of the ratchet wheel 3, the outer ring of the ratchet wheel 3 is meshed with the gear ring 4, the upper end of the first rotating shaft 2 is fixedly connected with the twist rod 17 in a coaxial manner, the twist rod 17 penetrates and is connected to the circular plate 18 in a sliding manner, the circular plate 18 is fixed on the first support 12, the inner ring of the ratchet wheel 3 rotates clockwise and can drive the outer ring to rotate clockwise through the pawl, the inner ring of the ratchet wheel 3 rotates counterclockwise and can not drive the outer ring to rotate through the pawl, the protective cover cylinder 5 is kept to rotate in the same direction through the ratchet wheel 3, so that the brush bar 11 can perform comprehensive cleaning on the outer circumferential wall of the protective cover cylinder 5.
The use method and the advantages of the invention are as follows: when the microbial purification machine for water environment restoration purifies water, the working process is as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: as shown in fig. 1, the floating bed 1 floats on the water surface, and the floating block 43 synchronously drives the first support 12 and the corresponding sliding barrel 13 to move up and down under the fluctuation of water waves, and simultaneously drives the fan blade 27 to rotate under the action of wind, so that the fan blade 27 drives the reciprocating screw 29 to rotate through the second rotating shaft 28, so that the reciprocating screw 29 drives the second support 30 and the corresponding sliding barrel 13 to move up and down through the sliding sleeve 31, and further the water waves and the wind power act on the first support 12 and the second support 30, as shown in fig. 2, in the process of moving up and down of the first support 12 and the second support 30, the corresponding two clamping arms 32 are synchronously driven to move up and down, as shown in fig. 2, when the two clamping arms 32 move down, the clamping arm 32 on the left side applies an added pulling force to the left side of the rotating disc 44 through the action of the fastening block 34 and the corresponding tooth 36, and further the rotating disc 44 drives the third rotating shaft 35 to rotate counterclockwise in fig. 2, when the two clamping arms 32 move upwards, the right clamping arm 32 applies added thrust to the right side of the rotary table 44 through the action of the buckle block 34 and the corresponding tooth 36, so that the rotary table 44 drives the rotary shaft III 35 to rotate anticlockwise in fig. 2, the rotary shaft III 35 rotates in the same direction, and the rotary belt of the rotary shaft III 35 drives the impeller II 39 to rotate, so that external air is conveyed into the air storage tank 21 through the air pipe III 38, the air pressure in the air storage tank 21 is increased, capture and conversion of water wave energy and wind energy are realized, the whole device does not need additional energy input, energy conservation and emission reduction are realized, and no electric element is adopted, the structure is simple, and the cost is low;
step two: as shown in the first step, the high-pressure gas stored in the gas storage tank 21 is delivered to each gas nozzle 7 through the second gas pipe 23, and is sprayed from the bottom of the gas nozzle 7 to the biofilm structure 10, so as to increase the oxygen supply amount to the microorganisms on the biofilm structure 10, ensure the oxygen supply of the microorganisms, improve the efficiency and the effect of the microorganisms on water body restoration and purification, and help to increase the microorganism attachment amount on the biofilm structure 10, the first impeller 41 is driven to rotate in the process of the gas flow passing through the second gas pipe 23, so that the first impeller 41 drives the third impeller 42 to rotate through the fourth rotating shaft 40, so that the third impeller 42 delivers the water liquid inside the biofilm structure 10 upwards to the water nozzle 15 through the water pipe 9, and then the water nozzle 15 is sprayed out of the water surface, so that the external water liquid flows from the periphery of the biofilm structure 10 to the inner side, and further the microorganisms on the biofilm structure 10 can efficiently contact with harmful substances in the flowing water liquid for decomposition and purification, thereby improving the purifying effect and the efficiency of the water body, and the water spray nozzle 15 sprays the water liquid to increase the contact area of the water liquid and the air, thereby being beneficial to increasing the dissolved oxygen amount of the water liquid and further being beneficial to improving the purifying efficiency of the water body.
Step three: as described in the first step and the second step, the hard impurities in the water flow are blocked by the protective cover cylinder 5 in the flowing process of the water flow, so that the hard impurities are prevented from impacting and damaging the biological membrane structure 10, and the biological membrane structure 10 is protected;
in the process that first support 12 reciprocated, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 6, synchronous drive plectane 18 reciprocates, apply the moment of torsion of clockwise in fig. 6 to the helicoid of twist rod 17 at the in-process that plectane 18 moved down, thereby make the twist rod 17 drive the inner circle clockwise rotation in the ratchet 3 through pivot one 2, and then make the inner circle of ratchet 3 drive the outer lane clockwise rotation through the pawl, the rotation of ratchet 3 outer lane drives the shield section of thick bamboo 5 through ring gear 4 and rotates, thereby at the pivoted in-process of shield section of thick bamboo 5, clean the periphery wall of shield section of thick bamboo 5 through brush strip 11, brush off the stereoplasm debris that adhere on the lateral wall of shield section of thick bamboo 5, ensure the filter effect of shield section of thick bamboo 5, need not artifical cleanness, time saving and labor saving.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified; the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "head", "tail", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "connected" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g., as being fixed or detachable or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a microbial purification machine for water environment restoration, is including floating bed (1), the bottom surface that floats bed (1) is provided with biomembrane structure (10), its characterized in that: further comprising:
the energy capturing mechanism is arranged on the floating bed (1) and is used for collecting and converting water wave energy and wind energy;
the water pumping and aerating mechanism is arranged on the floating bed (1), and the energy capturing mechanism drives the water pumping and aerating mechanism to promote water flow and deliver oxygen to microorganisms on the biofilm structure (10);
the protection mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the floating bed (1), the biological membrane structure (10) is arranged outside the protection mechanism, the protection mechanism plays a role in protecting the biological membrane structure (10), and the protection mechanism can automatically clean and prevent blockage under the driving of the energy capturing mechanism.
2. The microbial purifying machine for water body environment restoration according to claim 1, wherein: the energy catching mechanism comprises two sliding rods (14) which are vertically and upwards arranged on the upper surface of the fixed floating bed (1), the two sliding rods (14) are parallel to each other, the upper ends of the two sliding rods (14) are respectively vertically and fixedly connected to the two ends of the cross beam (26), the two sliding rods (14) are all sleeved with sliding cylinders (13) which are fixedly connected with a first support (12) and a second support (30) respectively, and the first support (12) is in transmission connection with a protection mechanism.
3. The microbial purifying machine for water body environment restoration according to claim 2, wherein: the energy capturing mechanism further comprises an air storage tank (21) fixed on the upper surface of the floating bed (1), and the air storage tank (21) is communicated with the water pumping aeration mechanism through a second air pipe (23).
4. The microbial purification machine for water body environment restoration according to claim 3, wherein: the one end of first support (12) is fixed with floating block (43), and the other end is provided with energy storage component (20), be fixed with sliding sleeve (31) on second support (30), and the one end that sliding barrel (13) were kept away from in second support (30) also is provided with energy storage component (20), sliding sleeve (31) cover is established and sliding connection is on reciprocating type lead screw (29), the lower extreme dead axle of reciprocating type lead screw (29) is rotated and is connected on floating bed (1), and reciprocating type lead screw (29) parallels with slide bar (14), the coaxial fixedly connected with pivot two (28) in upper end of reciprocating type lead screw (29), the upper end of pivot two (28) is run through and the dead axle is rotated and is connected on crossbeam (26), and the upper end fixed connection of pivot two (28) can receive wind-force drive's fan blade (27).
5. The microbial purification machine for water body environment restoration according to claim 4, wherein: energy storage component (20) includes carousel (44) and two (37) of exhaust spiral case, the center department of carousel (44) is perpendicular and runs through pivot three (35), and pivot three (35) fixed connection is on carousel (44), pivot three (35) dead axle rotate to be connected on being fixed in jib (16) on crossbeam (26), it is fixed with a plurality of tooth (36) to arrange in proper order along the circumference axial on the periphery wall of carousel (44), tooth (36) are the wedge form to arrange according to same hour hand direction, carousel (44) are located the top of corresponding first support (12) or second support (30), equal symmetrical formula articulates on first support (12), second support (30) has two arm lock (32), and two the middle part of arm lock (32) is connected through spring (33), two the upper end of arm lock (32) all is fixed with knot piece (34), the two buckling blocks (34) are positioned at two sides of the corresponding rotating disc (44) and can be in abutting contact with the teeth (36);
the second exhaust volute (37) is fixed on the cross beam (26) through the second suspender (19), the second impeller (39) is rotatably connected to the inside fixed shaft of the second exhaust volute (37), the third rotating shaft (35) penetrates through the end wall of the second exhaust volute (37) and is fixedly connected with the rotating center of the second impeller (39), the side wall of the second exhaust volute (37) is fixed and communicated with the third air pipe (38), the third air pipe (38) is tangentially arranged with the side wall of the second exhaust volute (37), and the third air pipe (38) is communicated with the air storage tank (21).
6. The microbial purification machine for water body environment restoration according to claim 3, wherein: pump water aeration mechanism is including fixing drainage spiral case (22) and exhaust spiral case (24) on branch (25), the inside dead axle rotation of drainage spiral case (22) is connected with pivot four (40), be fixed with impeller three (42) on pivot four (40), the lateral wall of drainage spiral case (22) is fixed and is linked together there is water pipe (9), and water pipe (9) and the tangent setting of the lateral wall of drainage spiral case (22), the lower extreme of water pipe (9) is run through and is floated bed (1) and be linked together with biomembrane structure (10) inboard, the upper end of water pipe (9) is connected with a plurality of water spout (15), water spout (15) are fixed on crossbeam (26) to spray water liquid to the week side of floating bed (1).
7. The microbial purification machine for water body environment remediation of claim 6, wherein: the inside dead axle of exhaust spiral case (24) rotates and is connected with impeller (41), the one end of four (40) of pivot run through the end wall of drainage spiral case (22), exhaust spiral case (24) and with the rotation center fixed connection of impeller (41), the lateral wall of exhaust spiral case (24) is fixed and is communicated with trachea two (23), and trachea two (23) and the tangent setting of the lateral wall of exhaust spiral case (24), trachea one (8) are connected to the one end that gas holder (21) were kept away from in trachea two (23), trachea one (8) are linked together with a plurality of air nozzles (7) that are fixed in on bottom plate (6), bottom plate (6) are located the downside of biofilm structure (10), and the directional biofilm structure (10) of the injection direction of air nozzle (7).
8. The microbial purification machine for water body environment remediation of claim 7, wherein: protection machanism includes a shield section of thick bamboo (5), the outside at biomembrane structure (10) is established to a shield section of thick bamboo (5) cover, and the upper and lower both ends of a shield section of thick bamboo (5) dead axle rotation respectively connect the upper surface at the bottom surface of floating bed (1), bottom plate (6), the lateral wall of a shield section of thick bamboo (5) is fixed with ring gear (4), the bottom surface of floating bed (1) is fixed with brush strip (11), brush strip (11) are used for cleaning the lateral wall of a shield section of thick bamboo (5).
9. The microbial purification machine for water body environment remediation of claim 8, wherein: the floating bed is characterized in that a first rotating shaft (2) is connected to the floating bed (1) in a penetrating and dead axle rotating mode, the center of an inner ring of a ratchet wheel (3) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the first rotating shaft (2), an outer ring of the ratchet wheel (3) is connected with a gear ring (4) in a meshing mode, a twist rod (17) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first rotating shaft (2) in a coaxial mode, the twist rod (17) is connected to a circular plate (18) in a penetrating and sliding mode, and the circular plate (18) is fixed to a first support (12).
10. The use method of the microbial cleaning machine for water body environment restoration according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the energy capturing mechanism is used for converting water wave energy and wind energy;
step two: the energy capturing mechanism drives the water pumping aeration mechanism to increase the oxygen supply amount to the biological membrane structure (10) and promote the flow of water liquid;
step three: the biological membrane structure (10) is protected by the protection mechanism in the flowing process of water flow, and the protection mechanism is driven by the energy capturing mechanism to automatically clean.
CN202110514316.2A 2021-05-07 2021-05-07 Microbial purifier for water body environment restoration and use method thereof Pending CN113233580A (en)

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