CN204291861U - A kind of water saving nursery - Google Patents

A kind of water saving nursery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204291861U
CN204291861U CN201420429347.3U CN201420429347U CN204291861U CN 204291861 U CN204291861 U CN 204291861U CN 201420429347 U CN201420429347 U CN 201420429347U CN 204291861 U CN204291861 U CN 204291861U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
rainwater
layer
soil
tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420429347.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘冰
余国忠
赵承美
李清飞
翟慧敏
郜慧
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinyang Normal University
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Xinyang Normal University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinyang Normal University filed Critical Xinyang Normal University
Priority to CN201420429347.3U priority Critical patent/CN204291861U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204291861U publication Critical patent/CN204291861U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of water saving nursery, comprises the part compositions such as plant, soil horizon, protection network, supporting course, water accepting layer, ventilation bar water hole and tank.Use operation method comprises: (1), when rainy, rainwater can first make moisture content in plants and soil layer be in saturation state; Then rainwater can pass through soil horizon, protection network and supporting course arrival water accepting layer, makes moisture content in the absorbent material of water accepting layer arrive saturation state; Last rainwater arrives tank, until tank fills water.If when rainwater is enough large, unnecessary rainwater can by flowing into Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks in ventilation bar water hole; (2) when fine, when upper layer of soil layer becomes dry, the water in water accepting layer and tank can be transported to upper layer of soil by bottom absorbent material, to keep the normal growth of plant.Method is simple, and easy and simple to handle, cost is low, and water saving nursery can be recycled, and can be used for reaching economizing on resources and energy object.

Description

A kind of water saving nursery
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of water saving nursery, belongs to water-saving irrigation technique field.This nursery is the theme with water-saving and environmental protection, can not only saving water resource, can also economize energy compared with waiting other water saving measures with sprinkling irrigation.The design is applicable to city small areas greening, the problem of water saving of roadside bar shaped greenbelt, the ground water reservoir that this dependence bottom, nursery is special, can collect natural rain at ordinary times needed for growth to greatest extent in the rainy day, and equipment is simply invested less, easy to maintenance.
Background technology
Water-saving irrigation technique be exactly can meet the growth demand of plant again can using water wisely to greatest extent.Developed drip irrigation and spray irrigation, infiltrating irrigation, subsurface irrigation at present, gushed the novel water-saving irrigation techniques such as filling, what utilization was maximum at present is drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation.
Drip irrigation, just be through aqueduct, irrigation water is directly delivered to the root of plant, this method can play the irrigation effectiveness of water preferably, and efficiency is high, and water-saving result is good, but because drip irrigation needs to lay large-scale Buried Pipeline Network Systems, its scale of investment and management cost are very huge, because these restriction drip irrigations are very little at the promoted extension of China, only comparatively flourishing in Xinjiang region.Sprinkling irrigation, is just through aqueduct, irrigation water is ejected into aerial then uniformly dispersing by built on stilts shower nozzle thus carries out sprinkler irrigation.Spraying, each watering amount is comparatively moderate generally can not produce interflow subsurface drainage and deep percolation, but sprinkling irrigation not only causes a large amount of evaporations of water in the process of spraying, and needs to lay a large amount of pipe networks, and pressurized equipment, power equipment, cost is also quite huge.These water saving measures are that application is maximum at present, although these method water-saving result are better, all need to lay a large amount of water transfer pipe networks, and power consumption are larger.
Following novel water-saving technology should take not only water saving as primary goal, and energy-saving and environmental protecting must be placed on critical role, and to economize on resources most possibly and the energy, this is also the only way which must be passed of building a conservation-minded society.Therefore, there is very important meaning in a kind of novel water-saving nursery that the present invention relates to.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of water saving nursery.This water saving nursery is the bottom reservoir bed structure by design improvement nursery, reaches and by unnecessary rainwater-collecting, can avoid too much evaporation and underground percolation when rainy, can collect storage rainwater to greatest extent and meet plant own growth demand; When upper layer of soil becomes dry, the adsorbed water in reservoir bed can be transported to upper layer of soil by bottom absorbent material, to keep the normal growth of plant.
One water saving nursery of the present utility model, comprises: plant, soil horizon, protection network, supporting course, water accepting layer, ventilation bar water hole and tank from top to bottom successively.
The utility model provides a kind of water saving nursery, it is characterized in that: rainwater successively by comprising layer of plants 1, soil horizon 2, fine and close protection network 3, bore dia 60mm thickness is 20 ~ 50mm supporting course 4, thickness is 50 ~ 100mm water accepting layer 5, absorbent material contained by water accepting layer generally comprises high-hydroscopicity sponge, water suction cotton, general sponge or other sorbing material,, finally arrive tank 7, unnecessary rainwater can be discharged by drainage ventilation hole 6; When soil horizon 2 becomes dry, the water in water accepting layer 5 and tank 7 can be transported to upper layer of soil layer 2, to keep the normal growth of plant 1 by bottom absorbent material.
This water saving nursery working condition:
(1) when rainy, rainwater can first make moisture content in plants and soil be in saturation state; Then rainwater can pass through soil horizon, protection network and supporting course arrival water accepting layer, makes moisture content in the absorbent material of water accepting layer arrive saturation state; Last rainwater arrives tank, until tank fills water.If when rainwater is enough large, unnecessary rainwater can by flowing into Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks in ventilation bar water hole;
(2) when fine, when upper layer of soil layer becomes dry, the water in water accepting layer and tank can be transported to upper layer of soil by bottom absorbent material, to keep the normal growth of plant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation in a kind of nursery of economizing on water of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is one water saving nursery of the present utility model A-A profile;
Fig. 3 is one water saving nursery of the present utility model B-B profile;
Reference numeral: 1 plant; 2 soil horizons; 3 protection networks; 4 supporting courses; 5 water accepting layers; 6 ventilation bar water holes; 7 water storage devices.
Embodiment
In order to better understand the utility model, be described further below by accompanying drawing and concrete enforcement.
With reference to Fig. 1, one water saving nursery assembly schematic diagram of the present utility model.When rainy, rainwater first arrives plant 1 and soil horizon 2 in saturation state; Then arrive water accepting layer 5 by protection network 3 and supporting course 4, water accepting layer 5 is reached capacity state; Last rainwater arrives tank 7, if excessive rainfall makes tank 7 overfill, unnecessary rainwater can enter Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks by drainage ventilation hole 6.When fine, when upper layer of soil layer 2 becomes dry, the water in water accepting layer 5 and tank 7 can be transported to upper layer of soil layer 2, to keep the normal growth of plant 1 by bottom absorbent material.
Beneficial effect
This one water saving nursery assembly structure is simple, easy to operate, with low cost, can recycle, and can reach and economize on resources and energy effect.

Claims (1)

1. a water saving nursery, it is characterized in that: rainwater is successively by water accepting layer (5) that layer of plants (1), soil horizon (2), fine and close protection network (3), the bore dia 60mm thickness supporting course (4) that is 20 ~ 50mm, thickness are 50 ~ 100mm, the contained absorbent material of water accepting layer (5) comprises water imbibition sponge, water suction cotton, water-absorbing resins, finally arrive tank (7), unnecessary rainwater can be discharged by drainage ventilation hole (6); When soil horizon (2) becomes dry, the water in water accepting layer (5) and tank (7) can be transported to upper layer of soil layer (2), to keep the normal growth of plant (1) by bottom absorbent material.
CN201420429347.3U 2014-07-24 2014-07-24 A kind of water saving nursery Expired - Fee Related CN204291861U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420429347.3U CN204291861U (en) 2014-07-24 2014-07-24 A kind of water saving nursery

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420429347.3U CN204291861U (en) 2014-07-24 2014-07-24 A kind of water saving nursery

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204291861U true CN204291861U (en) 2015-04-29

Family

ID=53097464

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420429347.3U Expired - Fee Related CN204291861U (en) 2014-07-24 2014-07-24 A kind of water saving nursery

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204291861U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104160858A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-26 信阳师范学院 Water-saving nursery garden

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104160858A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-26 信阳师范学院 Water-saving nursery garden

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150429

Termination date: 20160724