CN204272725U - The careless disintegrating machine of a kind of hand hay cutter - Google Patents

The careless disintegrating machine of a kind of hand hay cutter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204272725U
CN204272725U CN201420739617.0U CN201420739617U CN204272725U CN 204272725 U CN204272725 U CN 204272725U CN 201420739617 U CN201420739617 U CN 201420739617U CN 204272725 U CN204272725 U CN 204272725U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
breaker roll
roll
disintegrating machine
hay cutter
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CN201420739617.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李庆毅
赵峰
张忠良
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肥城市畜丰农牧机械有限公司
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Priority to CN201420739617.0U priority Critical patent/CN204272725U/en
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Publication of CN204272725U publication Critical patent/CN204272725U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to field of agricultural machinery, and particularly one cuts up with a hay cutter careless disintegrating machine.This hand hay cutter grass disintegrating machine, comprises frame, frame is provided with feeding mechanism, guillotine cutting mechanism successively along feed direction and throws mechanism, is provided with a seed damage mechanism, frame is provided with driving mechanism in guillotine cutting mechanism with on throwing between mechanism frame.Described seed damage mechanism comprises the upper breaker roll of reverse rotation and lower breaker roll, the two ends of upper breaker roll are connected with two floating bearing brackets respectively, the two ends of lower breaker roll are connected with two fixed bearing blocks respectively, between fixed bearing block and floating bearing bracket, be provided with a positioning rod.This hand hay cutter grass disintegrating machine, guillotine cutting is combined with broken, fragmentation can not only be carried out to agricultural crop straw stipes, fragmentation can also be carried out to the seed of crops, the percentage of damage of seed is up to 98%, and made feed is without scleroma, soft, the grazing rate of livestock can be improved, eat up rate and digestibility, improve absorption and the utilization of feed nutrient.

Description

The careless disintegrating machine of a kind of hand hay cutter

(1) technical field

The utility model relates to field of agricultural machinery, and particularly one cuts up with a hay cutter careless disintegrating machine.

(2) background technology

Crop kernels, stalk, straw, peanut seedling, the roughage such as melon seedling, corncob cellulose wide material sources, cheap, be the primary raw material preparing animal feeding-stuff.Major part roughage bar joint is thick, quality is hard, needs to use hay cutter to carry out processing to meet requirement of feeding.Common hay cutter has that structure is simple, low in energy consumption, productivity ratio high, but common hay cutter mainly utilizes cutting operation principle processing stalk, function singleness, cannot the stipes of the broken stalk of refinement in process, the careless section obtained is thick, cause livestock search for food difficulty, chew effort, palatability is poor, thus affects livestock searching for food and digesting and assimilating feed, make the availability of feedstuff metabolisable energy lower, cause the larger waste of feed.Therefore, exploitation feed processing machinery, carries out reasonable processing to roughage, to improve the availability of roughage, has great importance to the livestock breeding of development joint grain profit evaluation model.

(3) summary of the invention

The utility model is in order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, diverse in function, guillotine cutting and broken processing can be carried out roughage, automaticity is high, efficiency is high, convenient and practical hand hay cutter grass disintegrating machine, solve problems of the prior art.

The utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:

The careless disintegrating machine of a kind of hand hay cutter, comprise frame, frame is provided with feeding mechanism, guillotine cutting mechanism successively along feed direction and throws mechanism, a seed damage mechanism is provided with in guillotine cutting mechanism with on throwing between mechanism frame, frame is provided with driving mechanism, and described driving mechanism comprises is located at hydraulic motor in frame and mair motor.

Described feeding mechanism comprises a level and is located at cycloconveyor belt above frame, the front-end and back-end of cycloconveyor belt are connected with conveyer belt driven shaft with the conveyer belt driving shaft be located in frame respectively, a feeding chamber is provided with above the front end of cycloconveyor belt, horizontally disposed crawl roller and compression roll is provided with successively along feed direction in feeding chamber, frame both sides are fixed on respectively by bearing block in the two ends capturing roller and compression roll, compression roll axle center is less than the vertical range of the crawl roll shaft heart to cycloconveyor belt to the vertical range of cycloconveyor belt, the periphery capturing roller and compression roll is respectively equipped with the sawtooth along capturing roller and the setting of compression roll axis direction.

Described guillotine cutting mechanism comprises a guillotine cutting room, the entrance of guillotine cutting room is connected with the outlet of feeding chamber, horizontally disposed fixed cutting tool and chopper roller is provided with successively along feed direction in guillotine cutting indoor, the two ends of fixed cutting tool are fixed in frame respectively by the stationary knife seat being located at frame both sides, the two ends of chopper roller are fixed in frame by the bearing block being located at frame both sides, and the periphery of chopper roller is provided with several blades arranged along chopper roll axis direction.

Described seed damage mechanism comprises a crushing chamber, the entrance of crushing chamber is connected with the outlet of guillotine cutting room, the upper breaker roll of reverse rotation and lower breaker roll is provided with in crushing chamber, the periphery of upper breaker roll and lower breaker roll is respectively equipped with along on the sawtooth that arranges of breaker roll and lower breaker roll axis direction, upper breaker roll is located at directly over lower breaker roll, the two ends of upper breaker roll are connected with two floating bearing brackets respectively, the two ends of lower breaker roll are connected with two fixed bearing blocks respectively, two fixed bearing blocks are individually fixed in the both sides of frame, a pin-and-hole vertically arranged is respectively equipped with in the both sides of two floating bearing brackets and two fixed bearing blocks, be connected with once hold-doun nut after the lower end of two dead levers vertically arranged is each passed through the pin-and-hole of fixed bearing block both sides, upper end is connected with hold-doun nut on through after the pin-and-hole being each passed through floating bearing bracket both sides, a spring is arranged with outside dead lever between floating bearing bracket and upper hold-doun nut, the backstay that one is arranged on the vertical setting on fixed bearing block is provided with between fixed bearing block and floating bearing bracket.

The described mechanism that throws comprises a material casting room, and the entrance of material casting room is connected with the outlet of crushing chamber, is provided with a blower fan in material casting indoor, and the outlet of material casting room is connected with the lower end of a discharge barrel.

Conveyer belt driving shaft is connected with hydraulic motor, blower fan is connected with mair motor by driving-belt, the inner side of one annular driving band is connected with rack-mounted expansion tightening wheel with blower fan, upper breaker roll, outside is connected with lower breaker roll, upper breaker roll is connected with chopper roller by driving-belt, chopper roller is connected with compression roll by driving-belt, and compression roll is connected with crawl roller by driving-belt.

Frame below feeding mechanism is provided with a draw bar.

A wheel is respectively equipped with in the both sides of frame.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: this hand hay cutter grass disintegrating machine, rational in infrastructure, diverse in function, in feeding chamber, roughage sends into guillotine cutting room below crawl roller and compression roll after being shaped compacting, under the cooperation of fixed cutting tool and chopper roller, roughage enters crushing chamber after being cut into segment, between the upper breaker roll and lower breaker roll of crushing chamber High Rotation Speed, the roughage of segment be subject to differential reversion sawtooth impact, rub and be broken, then enter material casting room and discharge from discharge barrel through blower fan.The utility model cuts up with a hay cutter careless disintegrating machine can not only carry out fragmentation to agricultural crop straw stipes, fragmentation can also be carried out to the seed of crops, the percentage of damage of seed is up to 98%, made feed is without scleroma, soft, effectively can ensure feeding quality, the grazing rate of livestock can be improved, eat up rate and digestibility, improve absorption and the utilization of feed nutrient, play the maximum efficiency of feed, about 20% can be increased economic efficiency for aquaculture.The utility model cuts up with a hay cutter careless disintegrating machine and guillotine cutting is combined with broken, and effectively overcome the shortcoming of hay cutter and cracker function singleness, automaticity is high, efficiency is high, safe and reliable, be applicable to pasture and raise specialist use, also can be used for paper mill and pulverize paper making raw material.

(4) accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of the utility model seed damage mechanism.

In figure, 1 frame, 2 hydraulic motors, 3 mair motor, 4 cycloconveyor belts, 5 conveyer belt driving shafts, 6 conveyer belt driven shafts, 7 feeding chambers, 8 capture roller, 9 compression rolls, 10 guillotine cutting rooms, 11 fixed cutting tools, 12 chopper rollers, 13 crushing chambers, breaker roll on 14,15 times breaker rolls, 16 floating bearing brackets, 17 fixed bearing blocks, 18 dead levers, 19 times hold-doun nuts, hold-doun nut on 20,21 springs, 22 backstays, 23 material casting rooms, 24 blower fans, 25 discharge barrels, 26 expansion tightening wheels, 27 draw bars, 28 wheels.

(5) embodiment

For clearly demonstrating the technical characterstic of this programme, below by embodiment, and in conjunction with its accompanying drawing, the utility model is elaborated.

As shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 2, this embodiment comprises frame 1, frame is provided with feeding mechanism, guillotine cutting mechanism successively along feed direction and throws mechanism, a seed damage mechanism is provided with in guillotine cutting mechanism with on throwing between mechanism frame, frame 1 is provided with driving mechanism, and described driving mechanism comprises is located at hydraulic motor 2 in frame and mair motor 3.

Feeding mechanism comprises a level and is located at cycloconveyor belt 4 above frame 1, the front-end and back-end of cycloconveyor belt 4 are connected with conveyer belt driven shaft 6 with the conveyer belt driving shaft 5 be located in frame 1 respectively, a feeding chamber 7 is provided with above the front end of cycloconveyor belt 4, horizontally disposed crawl roller 8 and compression roll 9 is provided with successively along feed direction in feeding chamber 7, frame 1 both sides are fixed on respectively by bearing block in the two ends capturing roller 8 and compression roll 9, compression roll 9 axle center is less than the vertical range of crawl roller 8 axle center to cycloconveyor belt 4 to the vertical range of cycloconveyor belt 4, the periphery capturing roller 8 and compression roll 9 is respectively equipped with the sawtooth along capturing roller 8 and the setting of compression roll 9 axis direction.

Guillotine cutting mechanism comprises a guillotine cutting room 10, the entrance of guillotine cutting room 10 is connected with the outlet of feeding chamber 7, horizontally disposed fixed cutting tool 11 and chopper roller 12 is provided with successively along feed direction in guillotine cutting room 10, the two ends of fixed cutting tool 11 are fixed in frame 1 respectively by the stationary knife seat being located at frame 1 both sides, the two ends of chopper roller 12 are fixed in frame 1 by the bearing block being located at frame 1 both sides, and the periphery of chopper roller 12 is provided with several blades arranged along chopper roller 12 axis direction.

Seed damage mechanism comprises a crushing chamber 13, the entrance of crushing chamber 13 is connected with the outlet of guillotine cutting room 10, the upper breaker roll 14 of reverse rotation and lower breaker roll 15 is provided with in crushing chamber 13, the periphery of upper breaker roll 14 and lower breaker roll 15 is respectively equipped with along on the sawtooth that arranges of breaker roll 14 and lower breaker roll 15 axis direction, upper breaker roll 14 is located at directly over lower breaker roll 15, the two ends of upper breaker roll 14 are connected with two floating bearing brackets 16 respectively, the two ends of lower breaker roll 15 are connected with two fixed bearing blocks 17 respectively, two fixed bearing blocks 17 are individually fixed in the both sides of frame 1, a pin-and-hole vertically arranged is respectively equipped with in the both sides of two floating bearing brackets 16 and two fixed bearing blocks 17, be connected with once hold-doun nut 19 after the lower end of two dead levers 18 vertically arranged is each passed through the pin-and-hole of fixed bearing block 17 both sides, upper end is connected with hold-doun nut on one 20 through after the pin-and-hole being each passed through floating bearing bracket 16 both sides, a spring 21 is arranged with outside dead lever 18 between floating bearing bracket 16 and upper hold-doun nut 20, the backstay 22 that one is arranged on the vertical setting on fixed bearing block 17 is provided with between fixed bearing block 17 and floating bearing bracket 16.

Throw mechanism and comprise a material casting room 23, the entrance of material casting room 23 is connected with the outlet of crushing chamber 13, is provided with a blower fan 24 in material casting room 23, and the outlet of material casting room 23 is connected with the lower end of a discharge barrel 25.

Conveyer belt driving shaft 5 is connected with hydraulic motor 2, blower fan 24 is connected with mair motor 3 by driving-belt, the inner side of one annular driving band and blower fan 24, upper breaker roll 14 and the expansion tightening wheel 26 be arranged in frame 1 are connected, outside is connected with lower breaker roll 15, upper breaker roll 14 is connected with chopper roller 12 by driving-belt, chopper roller 12 is connected with compression roll 9 by driving-belt, and compression roll 9 is connected with crawl roller 8 by driving-belt.

Frame 1 below feeding mechanism is provided with a draw bar 27.

A wheel 28 is respectively equipped with in the both sides of frame 1.

During use, after draw bar 27 is connected with trailer, the utility model can be moved in field and cut up with a hay cutter careless disintegrating machine to suitable position.By agricultural crop straw, straw, peanut seedling, ground melon seedling, the roughages such as corncob cellulose are laid on cycloconveyor belt 4, roughage is sent into feeding chamber 7 entrance by cycloconveyor belt 4, roughage is involved in feeding chamber 7 by the crawl roller 8 on front side of feeding chamber 7, roughage is shaped pressing after passing through below the crawl roller 8 rotated and compression roll 9, compacting, roughage being in is made to treat hand hay cutter state, then enter in guillotine cutting room 10, crushing chamber 13 is admitted to after roughage being cut into the segment of Len req under the cooperation of fixed cutting tool 11 and chopper roller 12, in crushing chamber 13, the roughage of segment enters between the upper breaker roll 14 of reverse rotation and lower breaker roll 15, the roughage of segment is subject to the impact of differential reversion sawtooth, rub and be broken.Under the cooperation of dead lever 18 upper spring 21, upper breaker roll 14 can fluctuate to adapt to different material thickness while rotation.Roughage after fragmentation enters material casting room 23 and discharges from discharge barrel 25 through blower fan 24.

The utility model cuts up with a hay cutter careless disintegrating machine can not only carry out fragmentation to agricultural crop straw stipes, fragmentation can also be carried out to the seed of crops, the percentage of damage of seed is up to 98%, made feed is without scleroma, soft, effectively can ensure feeding quality, the grazing rate of livestock can be improved, eat up rate and digestibility, play the maximum efficiency of feed, improve absorption and the utilization of feed nutrient, about 20% can be increased economic efficiency for aquaculture.The utility model cuts up with a hay cutter careless disintegrating machine and guillotine cutting is combined with broken, and effectively overcome the shortcoming of hay cutter and cracker function singleness, automaticity is high, efficiency is high, safe and reliable, be applicable to pasture and raise specialist use, also can be used for paper mill and pulverize paper making raw material.

The utility model does not describe part in detail, is the known technology of those skilled in the art of the present technique.What finally illustrate is, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted, although be described in detail the utility model with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to the technical solution of the utility model or equivalent replacement, and not departing from aim and the scope of technical solutions of the utility model, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. the careless disintegrating machine of hand hay cutter, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, frame is provided with feeding mechanism, guillotine cutting mechanism successively along feed direction and throws mechanism, a seed damage mechanism is provided with in guillotine cutting mechanism with on throwing between mechanism frame, frame is provided with driving mechanism, and described driving mechanism comprises is located at hydraulic motor in frame and mair motor.
2. the careless disintegrating machine of one hand hay cutter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feeding mechanism comprises a level and is located at cycloconveyor belt above frame, the front-end and back-end of cycloconveyor belt are connected with conveyer belt driven shaft with the conveyer belt driving shaft be located in frame respectively, a feeding chamber is provided with above the front end of cycloconveyor belt, horizontally disposed crawl roller and compression roll is provided with successively along feed direction in feeding chamber, frame both sides are fixed on respectively by bearing block in the two ends capturing roller and compression roll, compression roll axle center is less than the vertical range of the crawl roll shaft heart to cycloconveyor belt to the vertical range of cycloconveyor belt, the periphery capturing roller and compression roll is respectively equipped with the sawtooth along capturing roller and the setting of compression roll axis direction.
3. the careless disintegrating machine of one hand hay cutter according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described guillotine cutting mechanism comprises a guillotine cutting room, the entrance of guillotine cutting room is connected with the outlet of feeding chamber, horizontally disposed fixed cutting tool and chopper roller is provided with successively along feed direction in guillotine cutting indoor, the two ends of fixed cutting tool are fixed in frame respectively by the stationary knife seat being located at frame both sides, the two ends of chopper roller are fixed in frame by the bearing block being located at frame both sides, and the periphery of chopper roller is provided with several blades arranged along chopper roll axis direction.
4. the careless disintegrating machine of one hand hay cutter according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described seed damage mechanism comprises a crushing chamber, the entrance of crushing chamber is connected with the outlet of guillotine cutting room, the upper breaker roll of reverse rotation and lower breaker roll is provided with in crushing chamber, the periphery of upper breaker roll and lower breaker roll is respectively equipped with along on the sawtooth that arranges of breaker roll and lower breaker roll axis direction, upper breaker roll is located at directly over lower breaker roll, the two ends of upper breaker roll are connected with two floating bearing brackets respectively, the two ends of lower breaker roll are connected with two fixed bearing blocks respectively, two fixed bearing blocks are individually fixed in the both sides of frame, a pin-and-hole vertically arranged is respectively equipped with in the both sides of two floating bearing brackets and two fixed bearing blocks, be connected with once hold-doun nut after the lower end of two dead levers vertically arranged is each passed through the pin-and-hole of fixed bearing block both sides, upper end is connected with hold-doun nut on through after the pin-and-hole being each passed through floating bearing bracket both sides, a spring is arranged with outside dead lever between floating bearing bracket and upper hold-doun nut, the backstay that one is arranged on the vertical setting on fixed bearing block is provided with between fixed bearing block and floating bearing bracket.
5. the careless disintegrating machine of one hand hay cutter according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described in throw mechanism and comprise a material casting room, the entrance of material casting room is connected with the outlet of crushing chamber, is provided with a blower fan in material casting indoor, and the outlet of material casting room is connected with the lower end of a discharge barrel.
6. the one according to claim 2,3,4 or 5 cuts up with a hay cutter careless disintegrating machine, it is characterized in that: conveyer belt driving shaft is connected with hydraulic motor, blower fan is connected with mair motor by driving-belt, the inner side of one annular driving band is connected with rack-mounted expansion tightening wheel with blower fan, upper breaker roll, outside is connected with lower breaker roll, upper breaker roll is connected with chopper roller by driving-belt, and chopper roller is connected with compression roll by driving-belt, and compression roll is connected with crawl roller by driving-belt.
7. the careless disintegrating machine of one hand hay cutter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the frame below feeding mechanism is provided with a draw bar.
8. the careless disintegrating machine of one hand hay cutter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be respectively equipped with a wheel in the both sides of frame.
CN201420739617.0U 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 The careless disintegrating machine of a kind of hand hay cutter CN204272725U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420739617.0U CN204272725U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 The careless disintegrating machine of a kind of hand hay cutter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420739617.0U CN204272725U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 The careless disintegrating machine of a kind of hand hay cutter

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CN204272725U true CN204272725U (en) 2015-04-22

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104956861A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-07 金烜伊 Tree branch small-segment cutting-off equipment
CN104984784A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-21 中机美诺科技股份有限公司 Grain crushing device for forage harvester
CN105123158A (en) * 2015-09-06 2015-12-09 张忠田 High-lift cutting and kneading machine
CN106171319A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of anti abrasive straw crusher device people
CN108816377A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-16 许美凤 A kind of wheat stalk crushing returning device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104956861A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-07 金烜伊 Tree branch small-segment cutting-off equipment
CN104984784A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-10-21 中机美诺科技股份有限公司 Grain crushing device for forage harvester
CN105123158A (en) * 2015-09-06 2015-12-09 张忠田 High-lift cutting and kneading machine
CN106171319A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of anti abrasive straw crusher device people
CN106171319B (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-08-24 哈工大机器人集团(广州)知识产权投资控股有限公司哈尔滨分公司 A kind of anti abrasive straw crusher device people
CN108816377A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-16 许美凤 A kind of wheat stalk crushing returning device

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