CN106717501A - Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism - Google Patents

Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106717501A
CN106717501A CN201611258177.7A CN201611258177A CN106717501A CN 106717501 A CN106717501 A CN 106717501A CN 201611258177 A CN201611258177 A CN 201611258177A CN 106717501 A CN106717501 A CN 106717501A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
guillotine cutting
roller
guillotine
rubs
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611258177.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张军
陈开涛
刘会
髙延炯
尚铮太
蔡长生
吴正文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611258177.7A priority Critical patent/CN106717501A/en
Publication of CN106717501A publication Critical patent/CN106717501A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • A01D43/086Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters and means for collecting, gathering or loading mown material

Abstract

The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly a kind of Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, it is adaptable to the ensiling harvest operation of the long-stalked crops such as corn, sugar grass.Cutting bed, rub a cutting mechanism and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms link into an integrated entity, equipment overall structure is compacter, stable smooth-going, and the upper and lower play of cutting bed does not influence follow-up equipment to transport material when whole machine runs.In addition set up and rub a cutting mechanism, forage cutting granularity is small, forage operation is more smoothed out.The upper strata roller, lower floor's roller sidepiece connecting lateral plate, side plate front and rear part are connected with cutting bed and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms respectively, not only further lift crushing effect, and forage transport result is more significantly.Guillotine cutting knife is uniformly laid on guillotine cutting tool roller axis, crushes uniform, smooth, and cutting machine valve jacket is crushed and transported improved efficiency and also avoid dust pollution mounted in guillotine cutting tool roller axis and guillotine cutting knife outside in confined space.

Description

Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly a kind of Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting entirety Formula conveying mechanism, it is adaptable to the ensiling harvest operation of the long-stalked crops such as corn, sugar grass.
Background technology
Split hinged is adopted by current domestic existing Green-fodder harvesting machine force feed, guillotine cutting mechanism, and the defect of the structure is to cut Platform is elevated in a flash, and remaining part stalk, is not fallen by guillotine cutting in the ceding of Taiwan, and now each position rotatable parts are all also continuing Rotate, force feed mechanism rotates around guillotine cutting rotor and links, when ceding of Taiwan lifting is upward, force feed mechanism shifts up around guillotine cutting roller, Force feed mechanism changes with guillotine cutting rotor relative position, and cause different in size occurs in the stalk after guillotine cutting, when ceding of Taiwan top is remaining When stalk is more, the congestion winding between force feed mechanism and guillotine cutting roller is also easily caused.Stalk after guillotine cutting occurs different in size existing As.Equipment operation in small plot, the ceding of Taiwan frequently occurs congestion, and stalk is different in size to cause phenomenon more serious.Thus have impact on The operation quality of Green-fodder harvesting machine, stalk after current guillotine cutting generally turns into and cuts a shape, and reason is that stalk is not carried out before guillotine cutting Rub wire drawing process well.It is poor as fodder grass food mouth.
The content of the invention
A kind of operation smooth-going of present invention solution the deficiencies in the prior art offer, the Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling being not easily blocked are poor Speed rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, including cutting conveying mechanism and storage transport set It is standby;The cutting conveying mechanism includes cutting bed, rubs a cutting mechanism, guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms, feeding unit and frame, cuts Platform, rub a cutting mechanism and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms link into an integrated entity, rubbing a cutting mechanism includes upper sawtooth roller, lower flat tooth roller and tooth Wheel link chain mechanism, upper sawtooth roller and lower flat tooth roller pass through chain mechanism driving.
The upper strata roller, lower floor's roller sidepiece connecting lateral plate, side plate front and rear part connect with cutting bed and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms respectively Connect.
The guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms are made up of guillotine cutting tool roller axis, guillotine cutting knife and guillotine cutting casing, and guillotine cutting knife is uniformly laid in hand hay cutter On cutting knife roll shaft, cutting machine valve jacket is mounted in guillotine cutting tool roller axis and guillotine cutting knife outside.
The upper strata roller is divided into sawtooth roller I and upper sawtooth roller II, and upper sawtooth roller I and upper sawtooth roller II are connected to float plate On, float plate is connected by spring with side plate.
The guillotine cutting casing is connected by oil cylinder with frame.
Lower floor's roller includes lower flat tooth roller I, lower flat tooth roller II and optical axis.
The guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms are connected by conveying air channel with blower fan and discharge nozzle, and discharge nozzle lower section is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting.
The present invention has the beneficial effect that:
1st, cutting bed, rub a cutting mechanism and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms link into an integrated entity, equipment overall structure is compacter, operation is steady Allocate suitable, the upper and lower play of cutting bed does not influence follow-up equipment to transport material when whole machine runs.In addition set up and rub a cutting mechanism, grass Material grinding particle size is small, and forage operation is more smoothed out.The upper strata roller, lower floor's roller sidepiece connecting lateral plate, side plate front and rear part respectively with Cutting bed and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms connect, and not only further lift crushing effect, and forage transport result is more significantly.Guillotine cutting Knife is uniformly laid on guillotine cutting tool roller axis, crushes uniform, smooth, and cutting machine valve jacket is close mounted in guillotine cutting tool roller axis and guillotine cutting knife outside Close crushing and transport improved efficiency in space and also avoid dust pollution.
2nd, upper strata roller is divided into sawtooth roller I and upper sawtooth roller II, and upper sawtooth roller I and upper sawtooth roller II are connected to float plate On, float plate is connected by spring with side plate.Upper sawtooth roller I and upper sawtooth roller II fluctuate with forage amount, the upper He of sawtooth roller I Upper sawtooth roller II effectively contacts crushing with forage, to rub an effect good, effectively prevents material congestion.Lower floor's roller includes lower flat tooth Roller I, lower flat tooth roller II and optical axis, lower floor's roller coordinate upper strata roller effectively to transport forage.According to the equipment speed of travel, densified straw, Gap can automatically change with stalk inlet between upper and lower sawtooth roller, so as to avoid because feed quantity increases suddenly, by transport machine Structure is blocked, and influences equipment normal work.
3rd, guillotine cutting casing is connected by oil cylinder with frame.Cutting bed is adjusted by oil cylinder, a cutting mechanism is rubbed and guillotine cutting rotation The contact angle of mechanism is dialled, cutting bed is adjustable with material contact angle, guillotine cutting root stubble is neat, plot is follow-up smooth convenient.
4th, the cutting bed of integral type, rub a cutting mechanism and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms set up material wind model, and pass through Expects pipe sends into Material collecting box for harvesting, and the connection of equipment is easy in conveying air channel with blower fan, and Material collecting box for harvesting is smoothly sent into by wind-force effect material.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is side view of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation for rubbing a cutting mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms.
Specific embodiment
Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, including cutting conveying mechanism and storage are transported Equipment;The cutting conveying mechanism includes cutting bed 1, rubs a cutting mechanism 2, guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms 3, feeding unit 6 and frame 9, cutting bed 1, rub a cutting mechanism 2 and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms 3 link into an integrated entity, rub a cutting mechanism 2 including upper sawtooth roller, under Flat tooth roller and chain mechanism 11, upper sawtooth roller and lower flat tooth roller are driven by chain mechanism 11.The upper strata roller, under Layer roller sidepiece connecting lateral plate 10, the front and rear part of side plate 10 is connected with cutting bed 1 and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms 3 respectively.The guillotine cutting rotation is dialled Mechanism 3 is made up of guillotine cutting tool roller axis 4, guillotine cutting knife and guillotine cutting casing 19, and guillotine cutting knife is uniformly laid on guillotine cutting tool roller axis 4, guillotine cutting Casing 19 is sleeved on guillotine cutting tool roller axis 4 and guillotine cutting knife outside.The upper strata roller is divided into sawtooth roller I 12 and upper sawtooth roller II 13, Upper sawtooth roller I 12 and upper sawtooth roller II 13 are connected in float plate 17, and float plate 17 is connected by spring 18 with side plate 10.It is described Guillotine cutting casing 19 is connected by oil cylinder 20 with frame 9.Lower floor's roller includes lower flat tooth roller I 14, lower flat tooth roller II 15 and optical axis 16.The guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms 3 are connected by conveying air channel 5 with blower fan 6 and discharge nozzle 7, and the lower section of discharge nozzle 7 is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting 8.
During operation, when cutting bed 1 rises or falls under the effect of oil cylinder 20, a cutting mechanism 2 and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms 3 are rubbed Relative position do not change so that ensure by the stalk of guillotine cutting the ceding of Taiwan lifted land when be not in stalk different in size Cause phenomenon.The more remaining stalk in ceding of Taiwan top or stalk high humidity are it also avoid simultaneously and weeds in field is more and easily wind Phenomenon.Rubbing a cutting mechanism 2 includes upper sawtooth roller, lower flat tooth roller and chain mechanism 11, and upper sawtooth roller and lower flat tooth roller are logical Chain mechanism 11 is crossed to be driven.The upper strata roller, lower floor roller sidepiece connecting lateral plate 10, the front and rear part of side plate 10 respectively with cutting bed 1 and guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms 3 connect.The upper strata roller is divided into sawtooth roller I 12 and upper sawtooth roller II 13, upper sawtooth roller I 12 and upper Sawtooth roller II 13 is connected in float plate 17, and float plate 17 is connected by spring 18 with side plate 10.Using upper sawtooth roller and lower flat Discaling roll dislocation arrangement, can also use differential force feed.Arranged because up-down rollers misplace, stalk is pressed in the opposing party two by side's sawtooth roller Between individual sawtooth roller, stalk pressure is split, the fast side's sawtooth roller of rotating speed under differential action, stalk is pulled into it is thread, through excessive The crimping wire drawing repeatedly of road sawtooth roller, stalk has turned into thread when entering guillotine cutting mechanism.During equipment operation, as equipment moves ahead, Stalk enters cutting bed 1, and under the effect of ceding of Taiwan rotary cutter, stalk is chopped into, and enters to rub a cutting machine in nodular and by throwing Structure 2, by differential speed rotation, can reach rubbing, the effect transported, and then stalk enters guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms 3, further chopping, Reach straw ensiling standard.Stalk improves livestock palatability by chopping, rubbing, wire drawing.Feed after guillotine cutting is made by blower fan With, Material collecting box for harvesting is entered by fan air channel and discharge nozzle, complete harvest operation.

Claims (7)

1. Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, it is characterised in that including cutting conveying mechanism and Storage transporting equipment;The cutting conveying mechanism includes cutting bed(1), rub a cutting mechanism(2), guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms(3), it is defeated Material mechanism(6)And frame(9), cutting bed(1), rub a cutting mechanism(2)With guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms(3)Link into an integrated entity, rub silk Cutting mechanism(2)Including upper sawtooth roller, lower flat tooth roller and chain mechanism(11), upper sawtooth roller and lower flat tooth roller pass through gear Link chain mechanism(11)Transmission.
2. Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential according to claim 1 rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, and its feature exists In the upper strata roller, lower floor's roller sidepiece connecting lateral plate(10), side plate(10)Front and rear part respectively with cutting bed(1)Machine is dialled with guillotine cutting rotation Structure(3)Connection.
3. Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential according to claim 1 rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, and its feature exists In the guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms(3)By guillotine cutting tool roller axis(4), guillotine cutting knife and guillotine cutting casing(19)Composition, guillotine cutting knife is uniformly laid In guillotine cutting tool roller axis(4)On, guillotine cutting casing(19)It is sleeved on guillotine cutting tool roller axis(4)With guillotine cutting knife outside.
4. Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential according to claim 2 rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, and its feature exists It is divided into upper sawtooth roller I in the upper strata roller(12)With upper sawtooth roller II(13), upper sawtooth roller I(12)With upper sawtooth roller II(13)Even It is connected on float plate(17)On, float plate(17)By spring(18)With side plate(10)Connection.
5. the Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential according to claim 1 or 3 rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, its feature It is the guillotine cutting casing(19)By oil cylinder(20)With frame(9)Connection.
6. Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential according to claim 2 rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, and its feature exists Include lower flat tooth roller I in lower floor's roller(14), lower flat tooth roller II(15)And optical axis(16).
7. Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential according to claim 1 rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism, and its feature exists In the guillotine cutting Xuan Bo mechanisms(3)By conveying air channel(5)With blower fan(6)And discharge nozzle(7)Connection, discharge nozzle(7)Lower section sets There is Material collecting box for harvesting(8).
CN201611258177.7A 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism Pending CN106717501A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611258177.7A CN106717501A (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611258177.7A CN106717501A (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Green-fodder harvesting machine profiling differential rubs guillotine cutting monoblock type conveying mechanism

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107172964A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-09-19 李艳娜 Forage harvester
CN109168597A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-01-11 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Combine harvester

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107172964A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-09-19 李艳娜 Forage harvester
CN109168597A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-01-11 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Combine harvester

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