CN204210609U - A kind of agricultural high-clearance working rig - Google Patents

A kind of agricultural high-clearance working rig Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204210609U
CN204210609U CN201420514261.0U CN201420514261U CN204210609U CN 204210609 U CN204210609 U CN 204210609U CN 201420514261 U CN201420514261 U CN 201420514261U CN 204210609 U CN204210609 U CN 204210609U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
vehicle frame
cylinder
steering
support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420514261.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范国强
孟相国
孙丰涛
许风华
冯海明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAI'AN HYSOON MACHINERY Co Ltd
Shandong Agricultural University
Original Assignee
TAI'AN HYSOON MACHINERY Co Ltd
Shandong Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TAI'AN HYSOON MACHINERY Co Ltd, Shandong Agricultural University filed Critical TAI'AN HYSOON MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420514261.0U priority Critical patent/CN204210609U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204210609U publication Critical patent/CN204210609U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of agricultural high-clearance working rig, it comprises vehicle frame, wheel, operator's compartment, operating system and actuating device, wheel comprises two drive wheels being arranged on vehicle frame front and back end and two support wheels being arranged on vehicle frame both sides, four wheels assume diamond in shape distribution, drive wheel is arranged on pedestal I, pedestal I is hinged with vehicle frame, drive wheel is also wheel flutter, drive wheel is connected with drive system, drive wheel is connected with steering hardware, support wheel is connected with vehicle frame with the adjustable support of width by adjustable-length, space is provided with between support wheel and vehicle frame, this agricultural high-clearance working rig vehicle-body inclination, it is little that wheelspan can be in harmonious proportion Turning radius, stability is high, and price is lower, to meet the actual needs in China's agricultural production.

Description

A kind of agricultural high-clearance working rig
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural equipment technical field, is specially a kind of vehicle-body inclination and the adjustable agricultural high-clearance working rig of wheelspan.
Background technology
The Later growth management that the long-stalked crops such as corn, paddy rice, sugarcane, cotton and strong, that area the is large feature of dwarfing orchard agronomy time property determine these crops must have the very high machinery of operating efficiency to bear growth, the results needs of guarantee crop, thus the final economic benefit ensureing grower.Due to China's hilliness and mountain area, ground, Hills is rugged and rough, and the gradient is comparatively large, and general agricultural machinery is difficult to be applicable to landform complicated and changeable.And the decentralized management mode of China at present in units of peasant household, cause the realistic problems such as the changeable and operation plot of Planting Row Distance is narrow and small.The late growing stage management machinery of the long-stalked crops such as existing corn mainly contains two kinds: the overhead pesticide spray truck of Three-wheel type, although this type energy flexible wheel base, poor stability, car body both sides height is non-adjustable, and power is less, be difficult to realize the work compounds such as interplanting and fertilising; Another kind is that this type is difficult to flexible wheel base and vehicle-body inclination by traditional four-wheel arrangement of operator's compartment, driving engine and driving system integral raising, and poor stability.And the America and Europe's large-scale high-clearance working rig introduced also is by traditional four-wheel arrangement of operator's compartment, driving engine and driving system integral raising, there is price high, the shortcomings such as Turning radius is large, be difficult to the cropping pattern adapting to China.
Summary of the invention
For solving the technical matters of above-mentioned existence, the utility model provide a kind of long-stalked crop Later growth and downgrade orchard adaptation different spacings, the gradient, agricultural high-clearance working rig that Turning radius is little, it is little that its vehicle-body inclination, wheelspan can be in harmonious proportion Turning radius, stability is high, and price is lower, to meet the actual needs in China's agricultural production.
To achieve the above object of the invention, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
A kind of agricultural high-clearance working rig, it comprises vehicle frame, wheel, operator's compartment, operating system and actuating device, it is characterized in that: wheel comprises two drive wheels being arranged on vehicle frame front and back end and two support wheels being arranged on vehicle frame both sides, four wheels assume diamond in shape distribution, drive wheel is arranged on pedestal I, pedestal I is hinged with vehicle frame, drive wheel is also wheel flutter, drive wheel is connected with drive system, drive wheel is connected with steering hardware, support wheel is connected with vehicle frame with the adjustable support of width by adjustable-length, is provided with space between support wheel and vehicle frame.
Described steering hardware comprises steering cylinder, pull bar I, deflecting plate, pull bar II, steering cylinder directional at-tachment is on vehicle frame, steering cylinder comprises cylinder sleeve and piston rod, steering cylinder pipeline is connected with actuating device, pull bar I is two, pull bar I one end is hinged by pivot pin I and steering cylinder piston rod end, the other end is hinged by pivot pin II and deflecting plate avris, deflecting plate is turning itself by pivot pin III, deflecting plate is hinged by pivot pin IV and pull bar II, pull bar II other end is hinged by pivot pin V and drive wheel pedestal I, drive wheel pedestal I by rotating shaft and vehicle frame hinged, pivot pin I, II, III, IV, V and rotating shaft parallel between two, the steering hardware parts of front and back drive wheel are symmetric, two pull bars I are hinged by pivot pin I and steering cylinder.
Described actuating device comprises driving engine, Hydraulic Pump, HM Hydraulic Motor, hydraulic actuating cylinder, driving engine is connected with Hydraulic Pump, Hydraulic Pump comprises gear type pump I, gear type pump II, plunger pump I, plunger pump II, hydraulic actuating cylinder comprises adjustment oil cylinder, steering cylinder, oil cylinder is regulated to be four be set on two adjustable supports, steering cylinder is connected with steering hardware, gear type pump I is connected with adjustment oil cylinder, gear type pump II is connected with steering cylinder, plunger pump I, II is connected with the HM Hydraulic Motor of two drive wheels respectively, and HM Hydraulic Motor is connected with drive wheel axis by chain.
Described adjustable support is gantry type frame, comprise crossbeam and two vertical framves, crossbeam is provided with two reverse width adjusting movable sleeve joints, vertical frame is provided with vertical height and regulates movable sleeve joint, width adjusting movable sleeve joint and vertical height regulate movable sleeve joint all by regulating hydraulic oil cylinder driving adjustment, be connected with support wheel by support wheel mount pad bottom vertical frame, adjustable support crossbeam is fixedly connected with vehicle frame upper end.
According to above-mentioned, support wheel mount pad and vertical frame junction are provided with damping spring.
Drive wheel pedestal I and drive wheel attaching parts are provided with damping spring.
Described width adjusting movable sleeve joint, vertical height regulate movable sleeve joint to include fixed cover, slip cap, fixed cover and slip cap sliding block joint, and slip cap is connected with adjustment cylinder piston rod, and fixed cover is connected with adjustment oil cylinder cylinder sleeve.The slip cap of width adjusting movable sleeve joint and the vertical height fixed cover that regulates movable sleeve to save is vertical is fixedly connected with.
Be provided with operating system in operator's compartment, operating system is connected with drive system, and side wheel is connected with vehicle frame by adjustable support.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: four wheels adopt rhombus to arrange, front and back two-wheeled drives and wheel flutter, left and right two-wheeled is support wheel, this layout makes working rig when advancing, long-stalked crop can be allowed to drive the truss between wheel flutter to pass from left and right support wheel and middle two, achieve super high-clearance (being more than or equal to 3 meters) operation; The adjustable support connecting left and right two support wheels width and short transverse by four regulate oil cylinders and four telescopic movables to overlap to save coordinate, the adjustment of two support wheels in width and short transverse can be realized, thus achieve the super high-clearance operation that can adapt to different spacings and the operation gradient; Driving engine and actuating device, operator's compartment, operating system and steering track rod install position lower on fixed frame, need not be in above crop completely, have lower center of gravity under making this working rig have superelevation ground gap prerequisite, complete machine has enough stability and the good visual field; Steering cylinder in the middle part of working rig, by promoting steering linkage, realizing the counter steering of front and back wheel equal angular, achieving less Turning radius; This working rig can adjust according to Planting Row Distance and the gradient, and has higher ground gap, lower center of gravity and less Turning radius, for the late growing stage management of long-stalked crop provides actv. management operations.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model example structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 lateral plan;
Fig. 3 turns to apparatus structure schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is actuating device annexation figure.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in detail:
The agricultural high-clearance working rig of one as shown in Figure 1, it comprises vehicle frame 1, wheel, operator's compartment 2, operating system and actuating device, wheel comprises two drive wheels 3 being arranged on vehicle frame front and back end and two support wheels 4 being arranged on vehicle frame both sides, four wheels assume diamond in shape distribution, drive wheel 3 is arranged on pedestal I, pedestal I is hinged with vehicle frame 1, drive wheel 3 is also wheel flutter, drive wheel 3 is connected with drive system, drive wheel 3 is connected with steering hardware, support wheel 4 is connected with vehicle frame 1 with the adjustable support of width by adjustable-length, space is provided with between support wheel 4 and vehicle frame 1.
Described steering hardware comprises steering cylinder 5, pull bar I 6, deflecting plate 7, pull bar II 8, steering cylinder 5 directional at-tachment is on vehicle frame 1, steering cylinder 5 comprises cylinder sleeve and piston rod, steering cylinder 5 pipeline is connected with actuating device, pull bar I 6 is two, pull bar I 6 one end is hinged by pivot pin I 9 and steering cylinder 5 piston rod end, the other end is hinged by pivot pin II 10 and deflecting plate 7 avris, deflecting plate 7 is turning itself by pivot pin III 11, deflecting plate 7 is hinged by pivot pin IV 12 and pull bar II 8, pull bar II 8 other end is hinged by pivot pin V 13 and drive wheel pedestal I, drive wheel pedestal I is hinged by rotating shaft 14 and vehicle frame 1, pivot pin I 9, II 10, III 11, IV 12, V 13 and rotating shaft 14 parallel between two, the steering hardware parts of front and back drive wheel 3 are symmetric, two pull bars I 6 are hinged by pivot pin I 9 and steering cylinder 5.
Described actuating device comprises driving engine 15, Hydraulic Pump, HM Hydraulic Motor 16, hydraulic actuating cylinder, driving engine 15 is connected with Hydraulic Pump, Hydraulic Pump comprises gear type pump I 17, gear type pump II 18, plunger pump 19, plunger pump is two, hydraulic actuating cylinder comprises adjustment oil cylinder 20, steering cylinder 5, oil cylinder 20 is regulated totally four to be set on two adjustable supports, steering cylinder 5 is connected with steering hardware, gear type pump I 17 is connected with adjustment oil cylinder 20 by adjustable support valving, gear type pump II 18 is connected with steering cylinder 5 by hydraulic steering gear 25, plunger pump 19 is connected with the HM Hydraulic Motor 16 of drive wheel, HM Hydraulic Motor 16 is connected with drive wheel axis by chain 21.
Described adjustable support is gantry type frame, comprise crossbeam and two vertical framves, crossbeam is provided with two reverse width adjusting movable sleeve joints, vertical frame is provided with vertical height and regulates movable sleeve joint, width adjusting movable sleeve joint and vertical height regulate movable sleeve joint all by regulating oil cylinder 20 motion adjustment, be connected with support wheel 10 by support wheel mount pad bottom vertical frame, adjustable support crossbeam is fixedly connected with vehicle frame 1 upper end.
According to above-mentioned, support wheel mount pad and vertical frame junction are provided with damping spring 22.
Drive wheel pedestal I and drive wheel attaching parts are provided with damping spring.
Described width adjusting movable sleeve joint, vertical height regulate movable sleeve joint to include fixed cover 23, slip cap 24, fixed cover 23 and slip cap 24 sliding block joint, and slip cap 24 is connected with adjustment oil cylinder 20 piston rod, and fixed cover 23 is connected with adjustment oil cylinder 20 cylinder sleeve.The slip cap of width adjusting movable sleeve joint and the vertical height fixed cover that regulates movable sleeve to save is vertical is fixedly connected with.
Described fixed cover 23 and the rhombus steelframe of slip cap 24 for connecting together, two width adjusting movable sleeve joints on crossbeam, walk abreast and be fixed together, parallel setting effectively can reduce the width of crossbeam, alerting ability is higher, and parallel to be fixedly connected with, can improve the intensity of crossbeam, the stability of whole adjustable support is better.
Be provided with operating system in operator's compartment 2, operating system is connected with actuating device, and support wheel 4 is connected with vehicle frame 1 by adjustable support.
Four wheels adopt rhombus to arrange, front and back two-wheeled drives and wheel flutter, left and right two-wheeled is support wheel, this layout makes working rig when advancing, long-stalked crop can be allowed to drive the truss between wheel flutter to pass from left and right support wheel and middle two, achieve super high-clearance (being more than or equal to 3 meters) operation; The adjustable support connecting left and right two support wheels width and short transverse by four regulate oil cylinders and four telescopic movables to overlap to save coordinate, the adjustment of two support wheels in width and short transverse can be realized, thus achieve the super high-clearance operation that can adapt to different spacings and the operation gradient; Driving engine and actuating device, operator's compartment, operating system and steering track rod install position lower on fixing vehicle frame, need not be in above crop completely, have lower center of gravity under making this working rig have superelevation ground gap prerequisite, complete machine has enough stability and the good visual field; Steering cylinder in the middle part of working rig, by promoting steering linkage, realizing the counter steering of front and back wheel equal angular, achieving less Turning radius.

Claims (6)

1. an agricultural high-clearance working rig, it comprises vehicle frame, wheel, operator's compartment, operating system and actuating device, it is characterized in that: wheel comprises two drive wheels being arranged on vehicle frame front and back end and two support wheels being arranged on vehicle frame both sides, four wheels assume diamond in shape distribution, drive wheel is arranged on pedestal I, pedestal I is hinged with vehicle frame, drive wheel is also wheel flutter, drive wheel is connected with drive system, drive wheel is connected with steering hardware, support wheel is connected with vehicle frame with the adjustable support of width by adjustable-length, is provided with space between support wheel and vehicle frame.
2. agricultural high-clearance working rig according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described steering hardware comprises steering cylinder, pull bar I, deflecting plate, pull bar II, steering cylinder directional at-tachment is on vehicle frame, steering cylinder comprises cylinder sleeve and piston rod, steering cylinder pipeline is connected with actuating device, pull bar I is two, pull bar I one end is hinged by pivot pin I and steering cylinder piston rod end, the other end is hinged by pivot pin II and deflecting plate avris, deflecting plate is turning itself by pivot pin III, deflecting plate is hinged by pivot pin IV and pull bar II, pull bar II other end is hinged by pivot pin V and drive wheel pedestal I, drive wheel pedestal I by rotating shaft and vehicle frame hinged, pivot pin I, II, III, IV, V and rotating shaft parallel between two, the steering hardware parts of front and back drive wheel are symmetric, two pull bars I are hinged by pivot pin I and steering cylinder.
3. agricultural high-clearance working rig according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described actuating device comprises driving engine, Hydraulic Pump, HM Hydraulic Motor, hydraulic actuating cylinder, driving engine is connected with Hydraulic Pump, Hydraulic Pump comprises gear type pump I, gear type pump II, plunger pump I, plunger pump II, hydraulic actuating cylinder comprises adjustment oil cylinder, steering cylinder, oil cylinder is regulated to be four be set on two adjustable supports, steering cylinder is connected with steering hardware, gear type pump I is connected with adjustment oil cylinder, gear type pump II is connected with steering cylinder, plunger pump I, II is connected with the HM Hydraulic Motor of two drive wheels respectively, HM Hydraulic Motor is connected with drive wheel axis by chain.
4. the agricultural high-clearance working rig according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described adjustable support is gantry type frame, comprise crossbeam and two vertical framves, crossbeam is provided with two reverse width adjusting movable sleeve joints, vertical frame is provided with vertical height and regulates movable sleeve joint, width adjusting movable sleeve joint and vertical height regulate movable sleeve joint all by regulating hydraulic oil cylinder driving adjustment, be connected with support wheel by support wheel mount pad bottom vertical frame, adjustable support crossbeam is fixedly connected with vehicle frame upper end.
5. agricultural high-clearance working rig according to claim 4, is characterized in that: support wheel mount pad and vertical frame junction are provided with damping spring.
6. agricultural high-clearance working rig according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described width adjusting movable sleeve joint, vertical height regulate movable sleeve joint to include fixed cover, slip cap, fixed cover and slip cap sliding block joint, slip cap is connected with adjustment cylinder piston rod, and fixed cover is connected with adjustment oil cylinder cylinder sleeve.
CN201420514261.0U 2014-09-09 2014-09-09 A kind of agricultural high-clearance working rig Expired - Fee Related CN204210609U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420514261.0U CN204210609U (en) 2014-09-09 2014-09-09 A kind of agricultural high-clearance working rig

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420514261.0U CN204210609U (en) 2014-09-09 2014-09-09 A kind of agricultural high-clearance working rig

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104443109A (en) * 2014-09-09 2015-03-25 泰安海松机械有限公司 Agricultural high land gap operation machine
CN108340745A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-31 谢志坚 A kind of construction machinery with hinged running gear
CN111761996A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-10-13 华南农业大学 All-terrain rhombic four-wheel leveling and steering device and agricultural machine
CN112061264A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-11 临沂大学 Multi-working-condition high-ground-clearance chassis

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104443109A (en) * 2014-09-09 2015-03-25 泰安海松机械有限公司 Agricultural high land gap operation machine
CN108340745A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-31 谢志坚 A kind of construction machinery with hinged running gear
CN111761996A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-10-13 华南农业大学 All-terrain rhombic four-wheel leveling and steering device and agricultural machine
CN112061264A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-11 临沂大学 Multi-working-condition high-ground-clearance chassis

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150318

Termination date: 20170909

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee