CN102934545A - High and low-position multipurpose field operating vehicle - Google Patents

High and low-position multipurpose field operating vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102934545A
CN102934545A CN201210466131XA CN201210466131A CN102934545A CN 102934545 A CN102934545 A CN 102934545A CN 201210466131X A CN201210466131X A CN 201210466131XA CN 201210466131 A CN201210466131 A CN 201210466131A CN 102934545 A CN102934545 A CN 102934545A
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China
Prior art keywords
underframe
crane
low
operating vehicle
multiplex
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CN201210466131XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102934545B (en
Inventor
杨仲雄
高福强
胡璇
李明强
朱德峰
邵树有
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Ju Xiali
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LION AGRICULTURE EQUIPMENTS CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201210466131.XA priority Critical patent/CN102934545B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a high and low-position multipurpose field operating vehicle which comprises a frame, wheels, a driving system and a steering system. The high and low-position multipurpose field operating vehicle is characterized in that the frame comprises a chassis and a lifting frame, the chassis is connected with the wheels, is connected with the lifting frame by a lifting mechanism and comprises a left side beam and a right side beam, the lifting frame is of a frame structure comprising side beams and a crossbeam, a connecting device is arranged on the lifting frame, and connection between the high and low-position multipurpose field operating vehicle and a field nursing mechanism and connection between the high and low-position multipurpose field operating vehicle and a transplanting mechanism can be switched via the connecting device. The high and low-position multipurpose field operating vehicle can be respectively used for a transplanter and a field nursing machine, is simple in structure and convenient to use and is a dual-purpose operating vehicle for the field nursing machine and the transplanter.

Description

The multiplex field operating vehicle of a kind of high-low-position
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of farm machinery, especially relate to a kind of multifunctional agricultural machine.
 
Background technology
Field operating vehicle is mainly used in the operations such as rice transplanting, fertilising, and rice transplanter is one of the most frequently used mechanism in the agricultural mechanism, and field cleaning device (mainly referring to fertilizer distributor, vehicle-mounted sprayer) also is widely used.Be that the Chinese patent of CN101611668 discloses a kind of fertilizer distributor such as publication number, publication number is that the Chinese patent of CN102450131 discloses a kind of agricultural fertilizer applicator.Existing rice transplanter and field cleaning device are two independently equipment, and cost is higher.Because the characteristics of transplanting work have determined its frame the end of than, and the field cleaning device generally is just to use afterwards to higher in that crop is long, thus its frame need higher, the structure on the frame as far as possible can not with the crop interference.Therefore, existing rice transplanter and field cleaning device can not be realized at an equipment.
 
Summary of the invention
The present invention solves arriving mutually independently of the existing rice transplanter of prior art and field cleaning device, cost is higher, and the frame of existing rice transplanter is the end of than, and the technical problem that the bracket height of field cleaning device is had relatively high expectations, provide a kind of and can be respectively applied to rice transplanter and field cleaning device, and the multiplex field operating vehicle of a kind of high-low-position simple in structure, easy to use.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly solved by following technical proposals: the multiplex field operating vehicle of a kind of high-low-position, it comprises vehicle frame, wheel, drive system, steering, it is characterized in that described vehicle frame is made of underframe and crane, underframe links to each other with wheel, and link to each other with described crane by elevating mechanism, described underframe is by a left side, right side beam consists of, described crane is the closed-in construction that curb girder and crossbeam consist of, crane is provided with the jockey that connects field care institutions vibrations and rice transplanting mechanism for switching, described steering comprises two deflecting rollers, the wheel shaft of this deflecting roller is rotationally connected by a rotating shaft and the vehicle wheel frame of being located on the underframe, rotating shaft is provided with swing arm, described underframe is provided with two hydraulic steering cylinders that are rotationally connected with it, this hydraulic steering cylinder and one by one corresponding setting of described swing arm, and be rotationally connected by the swing arm of piston rod institute.When the present invention connects rice transplanting mechanism, when carrying out transplanting work, crane is in lowest order; When this vehicle frame connects the field care institutions vibrations, apply fertilizer when waiting operation, because this operation is generally all carried out to certain phase in plant growth, it is higher to be in plant height at this moment, the height of chassis above ground during rice transplanting can not meet the demands.Just need crane under the effect of elevating mechanism, to raise.Because the underframe of the technical program only has left and right sides curb girder, does not have crossbeam, in use, left and right sides curb girder is in the gap of crop, and not with the crop interference, therefore, the height of crane has determined the effective depth of this vehicle frame.Of the present invention turning to by distinctive steering finished, it is by the flexible adjustment deflecting roller of hydraulic cylinder, this has become the method for in the past adjusting direction by steering gear and connecting rod pulling deflecting roller this method, mainly be on the vehicle frame of the elevation (over-and-under) type because traditional forward method is migrated, its structure is difficult to adjust, and after adjusting, structure is complicated than me, stability is also relatively relatively poor, in order to address this problem, the invention provides above-mentioned steering, the characteristics such as this steering lamps structure is simple, control convenience, reliability, flexible operation.
As preferably, described elevating mechanism comprises four upper connecting rods and four lower links, four upper connecting rods are located at the rear and front end of the left and right sides of crane in twos, and be hinged with crane, four lower links are located at the rear and front end of the left and right sides of underframe in twos, and be hinged in underframe, the left and right sides of described underframe is respectively equipped with former and later two hoist cylinders, the cylinder body of this hoist cylinder is rotationally connected with underframe respectively, the piston rod of each hoist cylinder respectively with a upper connecting rod and one with should upper connecting rod about corresponding lower link be hinged.When the piston rod of hoist cylinder stretches out, promote upper and lower connecting rod and rotate, the rotation process of upper and lower connecting rod promotes crane and rises, until upper and lower connecting rod is when being in vertical position, being that crane is in the highest working position, also is on the working depth of field care institutions vibrations.
As preferably, the rear and front end of the left and right sides of described crane is respectively equipped with connecting hole on the fixed head, the rear and front end of the left and right sides of described underframe also is respectively equipped with connecting hole under the fixed head, under the fixed head in each orientation on the fixed head of connecting hole and corresponding orientation connecting hole corresponding.When crane was in the working depth of field care institutions vibrations, more firm for making its structure, the technical program was provided with the upper and lower connecting hole of fixed head, by the upper and lower connecting hole of this fixed head fixed head is set, and connected crane and underframe.
As preferably, the downside of the left and right curb girder upside of described underframe or the left and right curb girder of crane is provided with damping fin.This damping fin so that crane dropping to when bottom, can directly not clash into mutually with underframe, so that it has a cushioning effect.Simultaneously, also play the effect that hinders the relative sliding between crane and the underframe, effectively reduced crane or underframe when the impact that is subject to horizontal direction, the impact that the lifting oil pressure is suffered.
As preferably, described corresponding upper connecting rod and the angle between the lower link are not less than 25 degree when crane is in lowest order.This angle is too large, lift capability that will the shadow crane, but if too little, then lifting piston just can not the jack-up crane, and the technical program adopts 25 to spend, and has considered just the requirement of this two aspect.
The beneficial effect that brings of the present invention is, it is independent to have solved arriving mutually of the existing rice transplanter of prior art and field cleaning device, cost is higher, and the frame of existing rice transplanter is the end of than, and the technical problem that the bracket height of field cleaning device is had relatively high expectations, realized a kind ofly can being respectively applied to rice transplanter and field cleaning device, and the multiplex field operating vehicle of a kind of high-low-position simple in structure, easy to use.
 
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of front view of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is a kind of left views of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 3 is structural representations that crane of the present invention reduces state.
 
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment:
Such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, the present invention is the multiplex field operating vehicle of a kind of high-low-position, it comprises vehicle frame, wheel, drive system, steering, described vehicle frame is made of underframe 1 and crane 2, underframe 1 links to each other with wheel, and link to each other with described crane by elevating mechanism, the left and right curb girder upside of underframe 1 is provided with damping fin.Underframe 1 links to each other with wheel 8, and link to each other with described crane 2 by elevating mechanism, elevating mechanism comprises four upper connecting rods 3 and four lower links 4, four upper connecting rods 3 are located at the rear and front end of the left and right sides of crane in twos, and be hinged with crane 2, four lower links 4 are located at the rear and front end of the left and right sides of underframe 1 in twos, and be hinged in underframe, the left and right sides of described underframe 1 is respectively equipped with former and later two hoist cylinders 7, the cylinder body of this hoist cylinder 7 is rotationally connected with underframe 1 respectively, the piston rod of each hoist cylinder 7 respectively with a upper connecting rod 3 and one with should upper connecting rod about corresponding lower link 4 be hinged.Corresponding upper connecting rod 3 and the angle between the lower link 4 are not less than 25 degree when crane is in lowest order.Described underframe is made of left and right curb girder, and described crane is by being the closed-in construction that curb girder and crossbeam consist of, and crane is provided with the jockey that connects field care institutions vibrations and rice transplanting mechanism for switching.The rear and front end of the left and right sides of crane is respectively equipped with connecting hole 6 on the fixed head, the rear and front end of the left and right sides of described underframe also is respectively equipped with connecting hole 9 under the fixed head, under the fixed head in each orientation on the fixed head of connecting hole and corresponding orientation connecting hole corresponding.Described steering comprises two deflecting rollers 8, the wheel shaft of this deflecting roller is rotationally connected by a rotating shaft 9 and the vehicle wheel frame 10 of being located on the underframe, rotating shaft 9 is provided with swing arm 11, described underframe 1 is provided with two hydraulic steering cylinders that are rotationally connected with it 12, this hydraulic steering cylinder 12 and one by one corresponding setting of described swing arm 11, and be rotationally connected by piston rod institute swing arm 11.
Vehicle frame of the present invention is connecting rice transplanting mechanism, and when carrying out transplanting work, crane is in lowest order; When this vehicle frame connects the field care institutions vibrations, apply fertilizer when waiting operation, because this operation is generally all carried out to certain phase in plant growth, it is higher to be in plant height at this moment, the height of chassis above ground during rice transplanting can not meet the demands.Just need crane under the effect of elevating mechanism, to raise.Because the underframe of the technical program only has left and right sides curb girder, does not have crossbeam, in use, left and right sides curb girder is in the gap of crop, and not with the crop interference, therefore, the height of crane has determined the effective depth of this vehicle frame.For making its structure more firm, the present invention also is provided with the upper and lower connecting hole of fixed head, by the upper and lower connecting hole of this fixed head fixed head 5 is set and connects crane and underframe.
So the present invention has diverse in function, simple in structure, easy to use, the features such as stabilized structure.

Claims (6)

1. multiplex field operating vehicle of high-low-position, it comprises vehicle frame, wheel, drive system, steering, it is characterized in that described vehicle frame is made of underframe and crane, underframe links to each other with wheel, and link to each other with described crane by elevating mechanism, described underframe is by a left side, right side beam consists of, described crane is the closed-in construction that curb girder and crossbeam consist of, crane is provided with the jockey that connects field care institutions vibrations and rice transplanting mechanism for switching, described steering comprises two deflecting rollers, the wheel shaft of this deflecting roller is rotationally connected by a rotating shaft and the vehicle wheel frame of being located on the underframe, rotating shaft is provided with swing arm, described underframe is provided with two hydraulic steering cylinders that are rotationally connected with it, this hydraulic steering cylinder and one by one corresponding setting of described swing arm, and be rotationally connected by the swing arm of piston rod institute.
2. the multiplex field operating vehicle of a kind of high-low-position according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described elevating mechanism comprises four upper connecting rods and four lower links, four upper connecting rods are located at the rear and front end of the left and right sides of crane in twos, and be hinged with crane, four lower links are located at the rear and front end of the left and right sides of underframe in twos, and be hinged in underframe, the left and right sides of described underframe is respectively equipped with former and later two hoist cylinders, the cylinder body of this hoist cylinder is rotationally connected with underframe respectively, the piston rod of each hoist cylinder respectively with a upper connecting rod and one with should upper connecting rod about corresponding lower link be hinged.
3. the multiplex field operating vehicle of a kind of high-low-position according to claim 1, the rear and front end that it is characterized in that the left and right sides of described crane is respectively equipped with connecting hole on the fixed head, the rear and front end of the left and right sides of described underframe also is respectively equipped with connecting hole under the fixed head, under the fixed head in each orientation on the fixed head of connecting hole and corresponding orientation connecting hole corresponding.
4. the downside that according to claim 1 and 2 or the multiplex field operating vehicle of 3 described a kind of high-low-positions, it is characterized in that the left and right curb girder of the left and right curb girder upside of described underframe or crane is provided with damping fin.
5. according to claim 1 and 2 or the multiplex field operating vehicle of 3 described a kind of high-low-positions, it is characterized in that described corresponding upper connecting rod and the angle between the lower link are not less than 25 degree when crane is in lowest order.
6. the multiplex field operating vehicle of a kind of high-low-position according to claim 4 is characterized in that described corresponding upper connecting rod and the angle between the lower link are not less than 25 degree when crane is in lowest order.
CN201210466131.XA 2012-11-16 2012-11-16 A kind of multiplex field operating vehicle of high-low-position Active CN102934545B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103158764A (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-06-19 莱恩农业装备有限公司 Steering system of hydraulic driven rice transplanter
CN103786542A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-14 王猷 Electric lifting travelling mechanism
WO2014075433A1 (en) * 2012-11-15 2014-05-22 莱恩农业装备有限公司 Dual-purpose frame of field operating vehicle
CN106717208A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 中国农业大学 A kind of wheelbase and adjustable for height high-clearance self-propelled chassis and its steering mechanism
CN107089262A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-08-25 河南科技大学 A kind of agri-vehicle

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1134776A (en) * 1995-03-24 1996-11-06 亚世亚综合机械株式会社 Combined control machine for orchard
US20050274531A1 (en) * 2004-06-11 2005-12-15 Meier Ned H Agricultural implement carrier
CN102907196A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-06 莱恩农业装备有限公司 Dual-purpose frame for field care machine and transplanter
CN203015411U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-06-26 莱恩农业装备有限公司 High-and-low position multi-purpose field work vehicle

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1134776A (en) * 1995-03-24 1996-11-06 亚世亚综合机械株式会社 Combined control machine for orchard
US20050274531A1 (en) * 2004-06-11 2005-12-15 Meier Ned H Agricultural implement carrier
CN102907196A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-06 莱恩农业装备有限公司 Dual-purpose frame for field care machine and transplanter
CN203015411U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-06-26 莱恩农业装备有限公司 High-and-low position multi-purpose field work vehicle

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014075433A1 (en) * 2012-11-15 2014-05-22 莱恩农业装备有限公司 Dual-purpose frame of field operating vehicle
CN103158764A (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-06-19 莱恩农业装备有限公司 Steering system of hydraulic driven rice transplanter
CN103158764B (en) * 2013-04-01 2016-02-03 莱恩农业装备有限公司 The steering swivel system of hydraulic driven rice transplanter
CN103786542A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-14 王猷 Electric lifting travelling mechanism
CN103786542B (en) * 2014-03-04 2016-06-01 王猷 A kind of lift electric walking mechanism
CN106717208A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 中国农业大学 A kind of wheelbase and adjustable for height high-clearance self-propelled chassis and its steering mechanism
CN107089262A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-08-25 河南科技大学 A kind of agri-vehicle

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Effective date of registration: 20210409

Address after: No. 199, Jujia village, he Jiaxiang, Changshan County, Quzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: Ju Xiali

Address before: 321025 no.3988, Binhong West Road, Wucheng District, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee before: LION AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Co.,Ltd.

Patentee before: Gao Fuqiang

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