CN204094556U - A kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm - Google Patents

A kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204094556U
CN204094556U CN201420437072.8U CN201420437072U CN204094556U CN 204094556 U CN204094556 U CN 204094556U CN 201420437072 U CN201420437072 U CN 201420437072U CN 204094556 U CN204094556 U CN 204094556U
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China
Prior art keywords
arm
loading
material arm
unloading
housing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420437072.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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方云涛
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Wang Caiyan
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm, and comprise for fixing base, take-up housing, rotation assembly, material arm and the material pawl being positioned at material arm top, wherein, take-up housing is slidably connected to the slide rail of base; Loading bearing is fixed on take-up housing, and rotating assembly can be secured to loading bearing by axial-rotation; Rotate in assembly and be provided with worm and gear, worm and gear binder arm, material arm has the swing offset of vertical plane under worm and gear drives; Material arm end has material arm top, and material arm top has the swing offset around material arm axle line; Material arm top has the material pawl for loading and unloading, and material grippers has crawl and discharges two actions, and it captures and release is driven by drive unit.The beneficial effects of the utility model are: when this utility model achieves the equipment such as Digit Control Machine Tool, machining center converted products, the automation of loading and unloading; The loading and unloading that can simultaneously complete, the production of multivariety product, production efficiency is high, reduces labor intensity.

Description

A kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of robotic arm, particularly a kind of robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading.
Background technology
When using the equipment such as numerically controlled lathe or machining center to carry out intermetallic composite coating, usually by manually carrying out operation of feeding and discharging, but because of reasons such as labour intensity are large, work situation is poor, recruitment is manually difficult and cost of labor is higher.And manually carry out loading and unloading, production efficiency is low, product of easily damaging in loading and unloading process.
At present, common loading and unloading equipment adopts planer type structure, adopts pulley assembly etc.The product of planer-type due to portal frame higher, span is comparatively large, therefore installs inconvenience, and the distance of grabbing workpiece, can be out of shape after having grown service time, unstable.In addition, gantry structure and pulley assembly bearing capacity low, cause grasping force inadequate, can only the lighter workpiece of weight capacity.
As can be seen here, need badly and improve existing loading and unloading equipment, solve the above-mentioned technical problem that it exists, thus enhance productivity, reduce production cost.Further, need consideration easy for installation, the layout of all kinds of different production line can be adapted to, according to actual needs, the loading and unloading position of adjustment robotic arm flexibly.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is, provides a kind of robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading, to overcome above-mentioned technical deficiency, solves the inherent technology problem that it exists.Compare gantry structure, the robotic arm intensity of automatic loading/unloading of the present utility model is high, can capture more heavy weight workpiece, and it is shorter to capture distance, captures comparatively stable.Further, contrast other loading and unloading equipment, the robotic arm that the utility model provides is easy for installation, may be used on more lathe.
The purpose of this utility model and solve its technical problem be adopt following technical scheme realize.According to the robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading that the utility model proposes, comprise for fixing base, take-up housing, rotation assembly, material arm and the material pawl being positioned at material arm top, wherein,
Take-up housing is slidably connected to the slide rail of base, can along the slide rail linear translation being fixed on base, and the movement of take-up housing is driven by the drive unit be fixed on take-up housing;
Loading bearing is fixed on take-up housing, and rotating assembly can be secured to loading bearing by axial-rotation, and it has the swing offset of horizontal plane, and the rotation rotating assembly is driven by the drive unit be fixed thereon;
Rotate in assembly and be provided with worm and gear, worm and gear binder arm, material arm has the swing offset of vertical plane under worm and gear drives;
Material arm end has material arm top, and material arm top has the swing offset around material arm axle line, and the rotation on material arm top is driven by the drive unit being fixed on material arm roots;
Material arm top has the material pawl for loading and unloading, and material grippers has crawl and discharges two actions, and it captures and release is driven by drive unit.
Further preferred version comprises:
The above-mentioned robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading, wherein said drive unit is cylinder or motor.
The above-mentioned robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading, preferably can adopt the worm and gear that driven by servomotor is wherein said.
The above-mentioned robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading, wherein said material arm top preferably has two material pawls, and one completes feeding action, and another completes discharging action.
The above-mentioned robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading, crawl and the release movement of wherein said material pawl can be completed by mechanical mechanism, or are completed by electromagnetic mechanism.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: when this utility model achieves the equipment such as Digit Control Machine Tool, machining center converted products, the automation of loading and unloading; The loading and unloading that can simultaneously complete, the production of multivariety product, production efficiency is high, reduces labor intensity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, illustrate with embodiment.
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the utility model robotic arm;
Fig. 2 is the side view of the utility model robotic arm in loading and unloading position.
Reference numeral in figure is: 1 base, 2 slide block bases, 3 slide rails, 4 rotate assembly, 5 loading bearings, 6 material arms, 7 worm and gears, 8 material arm tops, 9 material pawls.
Detailed description of the invention
With reference to accompanying drawing 1, robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading of the present utility model, comprise for fixing base 1, take-up housing 2, rotate assembly 4, material arm 6 and be positioned at the material pawl 9 on material arm top 8, wherein take-up housing is slidably connected to the slide rail 3 of base, can along the slide rail linear translation being fixed on base, the movement of take-up housing is driven by the cylinder be fixed on take-up housing; Loading bearing 5 is fixed on take-up housing, and rotating assembly can be secured to loading bearing by axial-rotation, and it has the swing offset of horizontal plane, and the rotation rotating assembly is driven by the cylinder be fixed thereon; Rotate in assembly and be provided with worm and gear 7, worm and gear binder arm, material arm has the swing offset of vertical plane under worm and gear drives, and turbine worm adopts driven by servomotor; Material arm end has material arm top, and material arm top has the swing offset around material arm axle line, and the rotation on material arm top is driven by the cylinder being fixed on material arm roots; Material arm top has the material pawl for loading and unloading, and material grippers has crawl and discharges two actions, and it captures and release is driven by cylinder.
Automatic loading/unloading machine arm of the present utility model has multi-direction motion, captures without dead angle, can capture direction according to production line adjustment material pawl.Be specially:
A moving displacement is the linear translation along slide rail between slide block base and base;
B moving displacement is support, at the swing offset of horizontal plane with loading bearing for rotating assembly;
C moving displacement be worm and gear drive material arm vertical plane swing offset;
D moving displacement is the swing offset of material arm top around material arm axle line
Further, ABCD moving displacement all can adjust according to actual conditions;
With reference to accompanying drawing 2, robotic arm of the present utility model is in material loading and blanking state, and material arm and material pawl are towards process line, and the material loading of production and processing line and discharge position are on the left of it.Feeding storehouse is in its front, and discharge bin in its rear.During feeding blowing, rotate assembly and screw out the outer position (B moving displacement) of lathe, after the material arm right side turn 90 degrees, 90 degree to feeding storehouse (C moving displacement) forward, and 90 degree to discharge bin (C moving displacement) backward.
Embodiment one:
Robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading of the present utility model, completes automatic loading/unloading and comprises following operation:
1, material step: material arm 6 rotates to 0 degree of feeding position, material arm top material pawl 9 captures workpiece to be processed;
2, to reload preparation: material arm is screwed into 90 degree and prepares positions, and slide block base 2 moves to along slide rail 3 and stretches out position;
3, loading and unloading step: lathe spindle stops, safety door is opened, rotate assembly 4 and horizontally rotate lathe position, material arm rotates to 180 degree and goes out material level, and slide block base is return, material arm top material pawl is by workpiece to be processed material loading, lathe spindle clamping work pieces, tighten up material pawl and unclamp workpiece to be processed, slide block base stretches out, closed safe door, lathe starts processing; Lathe process is complete, and main shaft stops, and safety door is opened, slide block base is return, unclamp material pawl, capture manufactured workpiece, lathe spindle unclamps manufactured workpiece, slide block base stretches out, unload the workpiece processed from lathe, slide block base stretches out, and material arm rotates to 90 degree and prepares position, rotate assembly and screw out the outer position of lathe
4, blowing step, slide block base is return, and material arm is screwed into 180 degree and goes out material level, unclamps material pawl and puts down the workpiece processed;
Repeat above operation 1 ~ 4.
Embodiment two:
Robotic arm for automatic loading/unloading of the present utility model, its material arm top has two material pawls, and be respectively No. 1 pawl and No. 2 pawls, No. 1 pawl completes the action of feeding material loading, and No. 2 pawls complete the action of blanking blowing.It completes automatic loading/unloading and comprises following operation:
1, material step: material arm 6 rotates to 0 degree of feeding position, material arm top is screwed into No. 1 pawl position, unclamps No. 1 pawl and captures workpiece to be processed;
2, reload preparation process: material arm is screwed into 90 degree and prepares position, and slide block base 2 moves to along slide rail 3 and stretches out position;
3, loading and unloading step: after lathe process completes, main shaft stops safety door opening, rotate assembly 4 and horizontally rotate lathe position, material arm top rotates to No. 2 pawls around material arm axle line, material arm rotates to 180 degree and goes out material level, slide block base is return, unclamp No. 2 pawls, capture manufactured workpiece, lathe spindle unclamps manufactured workpiece, slide block base stretches out, the workpiece processed is unloaded from lathe, slide block base is return, material arm top rotates to No. 1 pawl, by workpiece to be processed material loading, lathe spindle clamping work pieces, tighten up No. 1 pawl, slide block base stretches out, material arm rotates to 90 degree and prepares position, rotate assembly and screw out the outer position of lathe, closed safe door, lathe starts processing,
4, blowing step: slide block base is return, material arm is screwed into 180 degree and goes out material level, unclamps the workpiece that No. 2 pawls put down to process;
Repeat above operation 1 ~ 4.
The utility model possesses following characteristics:
1, expect that arm adopts worm and gear to drive, torque is large, and power is strong, and material arm bearing capacity is larger;
2, there is multi-direction motion, capture without dead angle, direction can be captured according to production line adjustment material pawl.
3. traditional device, put machine workpiece and capture workpiece to be processed time, production line is in rest position, and the one step feeding discharging of this patent energy, production line is made to be in coherent work, in the time of production line processing work, carry out placement completion workpiece and pickup workpiece to be processed, greatly improve production efficiency.
This utility model replaces artificial, achieves automatic charging and blanking work.By expecting the rotary loading blanking of pawl, achieving automation, alleviating labour intensity, greatly increasing production efficiency.Meanwhile, because robotic arm Stability Analysis of Structures is not yielding, intensity is high, can capture more heavy weight workpiece, and it is shorter to capture distance, captures comparatively stable.In addition, contrast other loading and unloading equipment, this machine is easy for installation, may be used on more lathe.The demand different according to client, can complete different functions on this basis, as direction adjustment, can meet the crawl of any direction and angle.Material pawl can capture for mechanical type, also can be automatically controlled magnetic absorption etc.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not any pro forma restriction is done to the utility model, although the utility model discloses as above with preferred embodiment, but and be not used to limit the utility model, any those skilled in the art, do not departing within the scope of technical solutions of the utility model, make a little change when the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement can be utilized or be modified to the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations, in every case be the content not departing from technical solutions of the utility model, according to any simple modification that technical spirit of the present utility model is done above embodiment, equivalent variations and modification, all still belong in the scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. an automatic loading/unloading machine arm, is characterized in that: comprise for fixing base (1), take-up housing (2), revolve
Turn assembly (4), material arm (6) and be positioned at the material pawl (9) of material arm top (8), wherein,
Take-up housing is slidably connected to the slide rail (3) of base, can along the slide rail linear translation being fixed on base, and the movement of take-up housing is driven by the drive unit be fixed on take-up housing;
Loading bearing (5) is fixed on take-up housing, and rotating assembly can be secured to loading bearing by axial-rotation, and it has the swing offset of horizontal plane, and the rotation rotating assembly is driven by the drive unit be fixed thereon;
Rotate in assembly and be provided with worm and gear (7), worm and gear binder arm, material arm has the swing offset of vertical plane under worm and gear drives;
Material arm end has material arm top, and material arm top has the swing offset around material arm axle line, and the rotation on material arm top is driven by the drive unit being fixed on material arm roots;
Material arm top has the material pawl for loading and unloading, and material grippers has crawl and discharges two actions, and it captures and release is driven by drive unit.
2. a kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described drive unit is cylinder or motor.
3. a kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm according to claim 1, is characterized in that: adopt the worm and gear (7) described in driven by servomotor.
4. according to a kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm in claim 1-3 described in any one, it is characterized in that: material arm top has two material pawls, and one completes blanking action, and another completes material loading action.
5. a kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm according to claim 1, is characterized in that: crawl and the release movement of material pawl are completed by mechanical mechanism, or are completed by electromagnetic mechanism.
CN201420437072.8U 2014-08-05 2014-08-05 A kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm Expired - Fee Related CN204094556U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104175162A (en) * 2014-08-05 2014-12-03 方云涛 Mechanical arm used for automatic feeding and discharging and automatic feeding and discharging method
CN104607996A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-13 余姚市纳尔琪汽车零部件有限公司 Material taking device
CN106271824A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 湖南飞沃新能源科技股份有限公司 Digit Control Machine Tool loading and unloading robot

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104175162A (en) * 2014-08-05 2014-12-03 方云涛 Mechanical arm used for automatic feeding and discharging and automatic feeding and discharging method
CN104175162B (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-08-24 王彩艳 A kind of automatic loading/unloading machine arm and automatic loading/unloading method
CN104607996A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-13 余姚市纳尔琪汽车零部件有限公司 Material taking device
CN106271824A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 湖南飞沃新能源科技股份有限公司 Digit Control Machine Tool loading and unloading robot

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Owner name: WANG CAIYAN

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Effective date: 20150803

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Effective date of registration: 20150803

Address after: 428 No. 215011, Songshan Road, hi tech Zone, Jiangsu

Patentee after: Wang Caiyan

Address before: 215011 No. 428, Songshan Road, hi tech Zone, Jiangsu, Suzhou

Patentee before: Fang Yuntao

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Addressee: Wang Caiyan

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

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Termination date: 20160805

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee