CN204080709U - A kind of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper - Google Patents

A kind of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204080709U
CN204080709U CN201420470490.7U CN201420470490U CN204080709U CN 204080709 U CN204080709 U CN 204080709U CN 201420470490 U CN201420470490 U CN 201420470490U CN 204080709 U CN204080709 U CN 204080709U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dustbin
fan
road
main
sweeper
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420470490.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张平霞
朱永强
余思
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Priority to CN201420470490.7U priority Critical patent/CN204080709U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204080709U publication Critical patent/CN204080709U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper, belong to clean environment field, particularly a kind of refuse sweeping equipment integrating road cleaning, refuse collection and transport; This small-sized rubbish road-sweeper comprises disc brush, cylindrical brush, cylindrical brush motor, suction inlet, fan air chamber, main air duct, fan, powered rear wheels, vehicle frame, main dustbin air intake, main dustbin, main dustbin air outlet and filter, secondary dustbin exhaust opening, secondary dustbin, auxiliary ventilating pipe road, seat, fan electromotor, battery and ECU, gas pedal, brake pedal, steering wheel, the steering wheel support of bearing, steering wheel sleeve pipe, disc brush motor, front-wheel; The purpose of this utility model be propose a kind of be applicable to clean municipal highway both sides non-automotive vehicles sidewalk and the small-sized rubbish road-sweeper structure of rubbish on going slowly, and increase dust suction, dust pelletizing system, avoid stirring up a cloud of dust in cleaning process, cause the problems such as secondary pollution environment.

Description

A kind of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper
Technical field
The utility model belongs to clean environment field, specifically a kind of new and effective refuse sweeping equipment integrating road cleaning, refuse collection and transport.
Background technology
Along with progress and the economic development of society, each metropolitan area area of China presents the trend increased year by year, and the thing followed is a large amount of stream of people, the increasing of wagon flow and road garbage.But people are also improving constantly the requirement of living environment, this is just making the frequency of road-cleaning also more and more higher, and thus cleaning machine more and more comes into one's own.As the refuse cleaning vehicle of one of sanitation equipment, it is a kind of new and effective cleaning equipment integrating road cleaning, refuse collection and transport.It fast and effeciently can not only clean rubbish, improves operating efficiency, protects attractive in appearance, the health of safeguarding environment of road and the works fine situation on road surface, and reduces and prevent the generation of traffic accident, extend the application life on road surface further; Prior cause when being that of avoiding hand sweeping operation stir up a cloud of dust, the problem such as secondary environmental pollution.Therefore, refuse cleaning vehicle is widely used in the places such as urban road, residential quarter, park, airport.According to relevant statistics, a refuse cleaning vehicle, according to the difference of its tonnage size, correspondingly can replace the job scheduling of 10 ~ 50 people, in expenditures, also can save about 20 ~ 40%.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the sidewalk for solving China's municipal highway both sides non-automotive vehicle and go slowly, sanitationman is still relied on to clean rubbish, cause sanitationman's labour intensity large, refuse sweeping efficiency is low, the problems such as secondary pollution environment, propose a kind of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper structure being applicable to clean rubbish on path, and increase dust suction, dust pelletizing system, avoid stirring up a cloud of dust in cleaning process, cause the problems such as secondary pollution environment.
The small-sized rubbish road-sweeper that the present invention proposes, it is characterized in that, this road-sweeper comprises disc brush, cylindrical brush, cylindrical brush motor, suction inlet, fan air chamber, main air duct, fan, powered rear wheels, vehicle frame, main dustbin air intake, main dustbin, main dustbin air outlet and filter, secondary dustbin exhaust opening, secondary dustbin, auxiliary ventilating pipe road, seat, fan electromotor, battery and ECU, gas pedal, brake pedal, steering wheel, the steering wheel support of bearing, steering wheel sleeve pipe, disc brush motor, front-wheel.
Described disc brush motor is fixed on vehicle frame, and disc brush is fixed in the rotating shaft of disc brush motor, and the rotating shaft with disc brush motor rotates; Cylindrical brush motor is fixed on vehicle frame, and cylindrical brush is fixed in the rotating shaft of cylindrical brush motor, and the rotating shaft with cylindrical brush motor rotates; Suction inlet is fixed on vehicle frame, and is connected to the fan air chamber at fan place by main air duct; Fan electromotor is fixed on vehicle frame, and fan is fixed in the rotating shaft of fan electromotor, and the rotating shaft with fan electromotor rotates; Main dustbin is fixed on vehicle frame by locking device, and is connected to the fan air chamber at fan place by the main dustbin air intake in its front; The top of main dustbin is main dustbin air outlet and filter, and the hole of this filter is comparatively large, for filtering the rubbish of larger volume; Main dustbin is connected to secondary dustbin by the main dustbin air outlet above it and filter, auxiliary ventilating pipe road; Secondary dustbin is fixed on vehicle frame by locking device, and the secondary dustbin exhaust opening with filter is installed in the side of secondary dustbin, and leads to extraneous atmospheric environment.
Described disc brush is only provided with one on the right side of road-sweeper, and disc brush, when cleaning pavement garbage, is certain angle of inclination with ground, and has certain adjustable contact to ground.
Described cylindrical brush is arranged in small-sized rubbish road-sweeper bottom center, cylindrical brush comprises axle, bristle, the arrangement of bristle and the axis of axle at an angle, i.e. cylindrical brush projection in the horizontal plane, the projection of bristle is "eight" shape, and there is certain contact on bristle and ground.
Described suction inlet is the operating principle utilizing negative pressure of vacuum, and make the centre of fan air chamber produce negative pressure by the fan of High Rotation Speed, outside forms high pressure, thus makes main air duct, suction inlet form negative pressure, realizes rubbish absorptive collection function; Guide air-flow to drive rubbish by the centre of fan air chamber to fan air chamber movement outside, enter main dustbin by main dustbin air intake.
Described powered rear wheels adopts the mode of In-wheel-motor driving, is integrated together by motor and wheel.
Feature of the present invention and beneficial effect.
The present invention is that convolution refuse cleaning vehicle is swept in the pure power-actuated suction of a employing, is mainly used in the sidewalk of non-automotive vehicle in urban road and goes slowly that supernatant sweeps away rubbish.Its use can reduce the labour intensity of sanitationman to a great extent, improves operating efficiency, adopts suction to sweep convolution operating type simultaneously and it also avoid the secondary pollution environmental problems such as the airborne dust of manual work.The present invention has the following advantages: (1) adopts disc brush, cylindrical brush to the larger rubbish (such as rubble, soil block, iron nail) of proportion on ground and is attached on ground spitball, polybag etc. and only adopts vacuum suction effect to be difficult to the rubbish of removing, effective cleaning can be realized, improve cleaning effect.(2) adopt major-minor dustbin, and arrange the different filter filtering pore size, the classified storage of the rubbish that realizes varying in size, improves filter effect, extends the application life of filter, avoid too early blocking, and be easy to the classification recycling realizing rubbish.(3) disc brush side mounting means is adopted, and the outer certain size of outstanding car, thorough cleaning refuse cleaning vehicle being difficult to the corner areas entered can be realized, avoid there is corner or spot as yet untouched by a clean-up campaign.(4) adopt the mode of In-wheel-motor driving, be integrated together by motor and wheel, simplify structure and the layout of car load driving system.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the total structure of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the cylindrical brush structure chart of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the cylindrical brush horizontal projection of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the high velocity air flow graph of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention by reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiment be described in detail as follows.
The structure of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, comprise disc brush 1, cylindrical brush 2, cylindrical brush motor 3, suction inlet 4, fan air chamber 5, main air duct 6, fan 7, powered rear wheels 8, vehicle frame 9, main dustbin air intake 10, main dustbin 11, main dustbin air outlet and filter 12, secondary dustbin exhaust opening 13, secondary dustbin 14, auxiliary ventilating pipe road 15, seat 16, fan electromotor 17, battery and ECU 18, gas pedal 19, brake pedal 20, steering wheel 21, the steering wheel support of bearing 22, steering wheel sleeve pipe 23, disc brush motor 24, front-wheel 25.
Described disc brush motor 24 is fixed on vehicle frame 9, and disc brush 1 is fixed in the rotating shaft of disc brush motor 24, and the rotating shaft with disc brush motor 24 rotates; Cylindrical brush motor 3 is fixed on vehicle frame 9, and cylindrical brush 2 is fixed in the rotating shaft of cylindrical brush motor 3, and the rotating shaft with cylindrical brush motor 3 rotates; Suction inlet 4 is fixed on vehicle frame 9, and is connected to the fan air chamber 5 at fan 7 place by main air duct 6; Fan electromotor 17 is fixed on vehicle frame 9, and fan 7 is fixed in the rotating shaft of fan electromotor 17, and the rotating shaft with fan electromotor 17 rotates; Main dustbin 11 is fixed on vehicle frame 9 by locking device, and is connected to the fan air chamber 5 at fan 7 place by the main dustbin air intake 10 in its front; The top of main dustbin 11 is main dustbin air outlet and filter 12, and the hole of this filter is comparatively large, for filtering the rubbish of larger volume; Main dustbin 11 is connected to secondary dustbin 14 by the main dustbin air outlet above it and filter 12, auxiliary ventilating pipe road 15; Secondary dustbin 14 is fixed on vehicle frame 9 by locking device, and the secondary dustbin exhaust opening 13 with filter is installed in the side of secondary dustbin 14, and leads to extraneous atmospheric environment.
Described disc brush 1 installs the right side of refuse cleaning vehicle, because this small-sized rubbish road-sweeper is mainly applicable to the cleaning of rubbish on trail, dolly is kept to the right, so be only provided with a disc brush 1 on the right side of road-sweeper, its function is cleaned and collect near corner, roadside, guardrail and the rubbish of isolation band edge.Disc brush 1, when cleaning pavement garbage, is certain angle of inclination with ground, and has certain adjustable contact to ground, thus have diversion function dust being swept suction inlet 4, and prevent the dust kicked up in this process from causing secondary pollution to environment.
Described cylindrical brush 2 is arranged in small-sized rubbish road-sweeper bottom center, cylindrical brush 2 comprises axle 2.1, bristle 2.2, the arrangement of bristle 2.2 and the axis of axle 2.1 are at an angle, i.e. cylindrical brush projection in the horizontal plane, the projection of bristle is "eight" shape, and there is certain contact on bristle 2.2 and ground, thus assemble to cylindrical brush 2 middle part when rubbish is swept, namely near suction inlet 4 dead ahead, so that be inhaled in suction inlet 4.
Described suction inlet 4 is the operating principles utilizing negative pressure of vacuum, and make the centre of fan air chamber 5 produce negative pressure by the fan 7 of High Rotation Speed, outside forms high pressure, thus make main air duct 6, suction inlet 4 forms negative pressure, realizes rubbish absorptive collection function; Guide air-flow to drive rubbish by the centre of fan air chamber 5 to fan air chamber 5 movement outside, enter main dustbin 11 by main dustbin air intake 10; The major function of suction inlet 4 is swept in the rubbish suction dustbin of suction inlet 4 near zone disc brush 1, cylindrical brush 2.
Described steering wheel 21 is arranged on steering wheel sleeve pipe 23 by the steering wheel support of bearing 22, and steering wheel sleeve pipe 23 to be fixed on vehicle frame on 9, and steering wheel 21 controls front-wheel 25 by the universal driving device of steering wheel sleeve pipe 23 inside and turns to, and realizes road-sweeper and turns to.
Described powered rear wheels 8 adopts the mode of In-wheel-motor driving, is integrated together by motor and wheel, simplifies structure and the layout of car load driving system.
The course of work of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper of the present invention is as follows.
During cleaning.
The first step, controls the position of refuse cleaning vehicle by steering wheel 21, the place making rubbish just in time be positioned at the dead ahead of road-sweeper or disc brush 1 to sweep to.
Second step, startup refuse cleaning vehicle is swept, desorption system, and disc brush motor 24, cylindrical brush motor 3, fan electromotor 17 are rotated, and drives disc brush 1, cylindrical brush 2, fan 7 to work respectively, is swept near suction inlet 4 by rubbish by disc brush 1, cylindrical brush 2.
3rd step, under the effect of fan 7, make fan air chamber 5 form central gas force down, the effect that surrounding air pressure is high, thus air is entered from suction inlet 4 at a high speed, along main air duct 6, enter fan air chamber 5, through main dustbin air intake 10, enter main dustbin 11, through main dustbin air outlet and filter 12, enter auxiliary ventilating pipe road 15, arrive secondary dustbin 14, through secondary dustbin exhaust opening 13, enter ambient atmosphere, thus formation enters from suction inlet 4, from the high velocity air that secondary dustbin exhaust opening 13 is discharged.
4th step, under the effect of the high velocity air of the 3rd step, rubbish is inhaled into suction inlet 4, main dustbin 11 is entered with high velocity air, the larger rubbish of proportion or the larger rubbish of volume, under the effect of gravity and main dustbin air outlet and filter 12, deposit to the bottom of main dustbin 11, remaining little rubbish and the lighter rubbish (such as dust) of proportion, then enter secondary dustbin 14 with high velocity air.
5th step, enters the rubbish of secondary dustbin 14, and a part can with flow slowing down, and be deposited on the bottom of secondary dustbin 14, remainder branch, by the filter on secondary dustbin exhaust opening 13, filters down, and entering like this in air has been exactly cleaner air.Like this along with the advance of refuse cleaning vehicle travels and sweeps the work of desorption system, both avoided the secondary pollution that airborne dust is such, also completed refuse sweeping.

Claims (6)

1. a small-sized rubbish road-sweeper, it is characterized in that, this road-sweeper comprises disc brush, cylindrical brush, cylindrical brush motor, suction inlet, fan air chamber, main air duct, fan, powered rear wheels, vehicle frame, main dustbin air intake, main dustbin, main dustbin air outlet and filter, secondary dustbin exhaust opening, secondary dustbin, auxiliary ventilating pipe road, seat, fan electromotor, battery and ECU, gas pedal, brake pedal, steering wheel, the steering wheel support of bearing, steering wheel sleeve pipe, disc brush motor, front-wheel; Disc brush motor is fixed on vehicle frame, and disc brush is fixed in the rotating shaft of disc brush motor, and the rotating shaft with disc brush motor rotates; Cylindrical brush motor is fixed on vehicle frame, and cylindrical brush is fixed in the rotating shaft of cylindrical brush motor, and the rotating shaft with cylindrical brush motor rotates; Suction inlet is fixed on vehicle frame, and is connected to the fan air chamber at fan place by main air duct; Fan electromotor is fixed on vehicle frame, and fan is fixed in the rotating shaft of fan electromotor, and the rotating shaft with fan electromotor rotates.
2. small-sized rubbish road-sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described main dustbin is fixed on vehicle frame by locking device, and is connected to the fan air chamber at fan place by the main dustbin air intake in its front; The top of main dustbin is main dustbin air outlet and filter, and the hole of this filter is comparatively large, for filtering the rubbish of larger volume; Main dustbin is connected to secondary dustbin by the main dustbin air outlet above it and filter, auxiliary ventilating pipe road; Secondary dustbin is fixed on vehicle frame by locking device, and the secondary dustbin exhaust opening with filter is installed in the side of secondary dustbin, and leads to extraneous atmospheric environment.
3. small-sized rubbish road-sweeper as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described disc brush is only provided with one on the right side of road-sweeper, and disc brush, when cleaning pavement garbage, is certain angle of inclination with ground, and has certain adjustable contact to ground.
4. small-sized rubbish road-sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cylindrical brush is arranged in small-sized rubbish road-sweeper bottom center, cylindrical brush comprises axle, bristle, the arrangement of bristle and the axis of axle are at an angle, i.e. cylindrical brush projection in the horizontal plane, the projection of bristle is "eight" shape, and there is certain contact on bristle and ground.
5. small-sized rubbish road-sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described suction inlet is the operating principle utilizing negative pressure of vacuum, the centre of fan air chamber is made to produce negative pressure by the fan of High Rotation Speed, outside forms high pressure, thus make main air duct, suction inlet form negative pressure, realize rubbish absorptive collection function; Guide air-flow to drive rubbish by the centre of fan air chamber to fan air chamber movement outside, enter main dustbin by main dustbin air intake.
6. small-sized rubbish road-sweeper as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described powered rear wheels adopts the mode of In-wheel-motor driving, is integrated together by motor and wheel.
CN201420470490.7U 2014-08-20 2014-08-20 A kind of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper Expired - Fee Related CN204080709U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420470490.7U CN204080709U (en) 2014-08-20 2014-08-20 A kind of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420470490.7U CN204080709U (en) 2014-08-20 2014-08-20 A kind of small-sized rubbish road-sweeper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204080709U true CN204080709U (en) 2015-01-07

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104828440A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-12 德清华梦木制品有限公司 Pump suction garbage sanitation vehicle with filtering device
CN104831661A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-12 苏州科锐恒机械科技有限公司 Sanitation hand-push sweeper
CN106076975A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 万斌 A kind of optically focused curved reflector automatically cleaning robot
CN106113059A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-16 桂林电子科技大学 A kind of waste recovery robot
CN108330878A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-27 浙江臻鼎建筑装饰设计有限公司 A kind of intelligent road surface cleaning plant of municipal administration
CN108625321A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-09 史美珍 A kind of municipal administration portable cleaning equipment
CN108951502A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-12-07 安徽南博机器人有限公司 A kind of road sweeper with bearing with end cover protective device
CN110528430A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-12-03 安徽荣航机电配件有限公司 A kind of high efficiency environmental sanitation sweeper
CN110528429A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-12-03 安徽荣航机电配件有限公司 A kind of environmental sanitation sweeper with anti-fugitive dust function
CN112090933A (en) * 2020-09-08 2020-12-18 萧县润泽环保科技有限公司 Automatic garbage sorting equipment
CN112554112A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-03-26 安徽南博机器人有限公司 Sucking disc structure of road sweeper

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104828440A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-12 德清华梦木制品有限公司 Pump suction garbage sanitation vehicle with filtering device
CN104828440B (en) * 2015-05-08 2017-03-08 德清华梦木制品有限公司 Pumping rubbish sanitation cart with defecator
CN104831661A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-12 苏州科锐恒机械科技有限公司 Sanitation hand-push sweeper
CN106076975A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-09 万斌 A kind of optically focused curved reflector automatically cleaning robot
CN106076975B (en) * 2016-06-15 2018-03-23 万斌 A kind of optically focused curved reflector automatically cleaning robot
CN106113059B (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-11-23 桂林电子科技大学 A kind of waste recovery robot
CN106113059A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-16 桂林电子科技大学 A kind of waste recovery robot
CN108330878A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-27 浙江臻鼎建筑装饰设计有限公司 A kind of intelligent road surface cleaning plant of municipal administration
CN108625321A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-10-09 史美珍 A kind of municipal administration portable cleaning equipment
CN108951502A (en) * 2018-07-28 2018-12-07 安徽南博机器人有限公司 A kind of road sweeper with bearing with end cover protective device
CN110528430A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-12-03 安徽荣航机电配件有限公司 A kind of high efficiency environmental sanitation sweeper
CN110528429A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-12-03 安徽荣航机电配件有限公司 A kind of environmental sanitation sweeper with anti-fugitive dust function
CN112090933A (en) * 2020-09-08 2020-12-18 萧县润泽环保科技有限公司 Automatic garbage sorting equipment
CN112090933B (en) * 2020-09-08 2021-08-27 萧县润泽环保科技有限公司 Automatic garbage sorting equipment
CN112554112A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-03-26 安徽南博机器人有限公司 Sucking disc structure of road sweeper

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150107

Termination date: 20150820