CN203946276U - Single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system - Google Patents

Single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203946276U
CN203946276U CN201420356809.3U CN201420356809U CN203946276U CN 203946276 U CN203946276 U CN 203946276U CN 201420356809 U CN201420356809 U CN 201420356809U CN 203946276 U CN203946276 U CN 203946276U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shower nozzle
unmanned plane
plant protection
line segment
main rotor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420356809.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋坚利
刘亚佳
何雄奎
蒙艳华
周国强
吴春波
Original Assignee
中国农业大学
安阳全丰航空植保科技有限公司
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Application filed by 中国农业大学, 安阳全丰航空植保科技有限公司 filed Critical 中国农业大学
Priority to CN201420356809.3U priority Critical patent/CN203946276U/en
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Publication of CN203946276U publication Critical patent/CN203946276U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system, belong to agriculture unmanned plane plant protection technology field.This system comprises medicine-chest, shower nozzle connects with medicine-chest by pipeline, valve, described shower nozzle arranges two in fuselage both sides, the vertical axis cross of the line of two shower nozzles and main rotor, two shower nozzles position is in the horizontal direction: do main rotor backspin airflow field border and the outermost line line segment of fuselage in this horizontal direction, shower nozzle is positioned at line segment midway location or take midway location and as mid point to both sides, extends described line segment length 20% scope that is less than.The utility model is determined the installation site of fan nozzle according to main rotor backspin airflow field border, can effectively avoid the elevator impact on the spraying covering of the fan of shower nozzle atomization generation of unmanned plane main rotor and empennage, orientated deposition, to target, has improved agricultural chemicals degree of utilization greatly.

Description

Single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of pesticide spraying system, and particularly a kind of single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system, belongs to agriculture unmanned plane plant protection technology field.

Background technology

Along with China's Integration of Urban-rural Areas process is accelerated; development scale plantation has become China's agricultural modernization Important Action; appearance and growth along with novel agricultural production and operation main bodys such as agricultural planting rich and influential family, home farm and peasant cooperative societies; traditional people carries on the back the plant protection operation mode of atomizing cone laxative preventing disease pest control; can not adapt to the requirement of modern agricultural development, in the urgent need to high efficiency, modernization equipment for plant protection and pesticide application technology cheaply.In China's agricultural production process, the equipment for plant protection falling behind and extensive pesticide application technology, cause agricultural chemicals degree of utilization not high, at present 35% left and right only; Because single household disperses control, prevent and treat unprofessional, medication confusion, poisoning phenomenon happens occasionally; Persticide residue is large simultaneously, and environmental pollution is serious.Disease and pest occurs heavy, and hazard area is large, every year because disease and pest cannot be prevented and treated the underproduction that causes in time between 10-30%.For novel Agriculture production and management main bodys such as farming rich and influential family, home farm and farmer specialized cooperative society, when the large area flared disease and pest epidemic situation, in the short time, be difficult to find large quantities of dispenser personnel, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control has become the major issue of their headache.Artificial laxative, not only efficiency is low, and very large to the actual bodily harm of operating personal, and China has 200,000 people poisoning because spraying insecticide every year according to statistics, thousands of deaths.The unmanned pesticide applicator in agricultural low latitude has simple to operate, spray evenly, dosage is few, efficiency is high, easily operation, be convenient to the features such as information system management, from country in 2006, start to develop unmanned plane aviation plant protection dispenser equipment and technology starts, occurred at present with many rotors, the aviation plant protection machine that single rotor craft is flying platform, but there are at present these problems in this field, research for the fog system of single rotary wing aviation plant protection unmanned plane is scarcely out of swaddling-clothes, for example, about the selection of shower nozzle, shower nozzle is installed quantity and spacing, the configurations of fog system etc. are also lack of standardization, exist especially the problem that droplet is subject to rotor airflow influence, cause droplet drift, agricultural chemicals pollutes fuselage, the targeting of droplet is low, the problems such as the low and environmental pollution of agricultural chemicals utilization ratio.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the defect of above prior art, and a kind of single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system is provided.

For realizing the purpose of this utility model, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system, comprise medicine-chest, shower nozzle passes through pipeline, valve connects with medicine-chest, described shower nozzle arranges two in fuselage both sides, the vertical axis cross of the line of two shower nozzles and main rotor, two shower nozzles position is in the horizontal direction: do main rotor backspin airflow field border and the outermost line line segment of fuselage in this horizontal direction, shower nozzle is positioned at line segment midway location or take midway location and as mid point to both sides, extends described line segment length 20% scope that is less than, two described shower nozzles are symmetrical arranged about the vertical axis of main rotor, further, two described shower nozzles position is in the horizontal direction: do main rotor backspin airflow field border and the outermost line line segment of fuselage in this horizontal direction, shower nozzle is positioned at line segment midway location, on two shower nozzle vertical directions, be positioned at alighting gear altitude range, two described nozzles are fixed on spray boom, spray boom is fixed on the alighting gear of fuselage below, further, on pipeline between shower nozzle and medicine-chest, be provided with filter, further, on pipeline, be provided with liquid pump, liquid pump is connected with liquid pump controller, further, nozzle connecting is connected to sprayer controller, sprayer controller is controlled the switching of shower nozzle, further, described shower nozzle adopts spray angle 120 ofog-spray nozzle or airstream shower nozzle or hollow cone nozzle.

The positive technique effect that the utility model has is: the utility model adopts liquid pump controller to control liquid pump rotating speed, reach the object that changes discharge rate, thereby can realize variable precision dispenser, sprayer controller coordinates with the flying speed control part flying in control, can make up the dispenser deposition causing because flying speed is uneven inhomogeneous, sprayer controller can be controlled the unlatching of shower nozzle fast, avoided precisely not showing because closing and open the spraying that postpones to cause, adopt two fan nozzles, and according to main rotor backspin airflow field border, determine the installation site of fan nozzle, can effectively avoid the elevator impact on the spraying covering of the fan of shower nozzle atomization generation of unmanned plane main rotor and empennage, thereby reduce pesticide droplet drift, and to unmanned aerial vehicle body and pollution air, and under the coercion of pesticide droplet rotational gas flow under main rotor that atomization produces, orientated deposition is to target, greatly improved agricultural chemicals degree of utilization.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present utility model.

Fig. 2 is that the utility model is arranged on the schematic diagram on unmanned plane.

The specific embodiment

In order to explain more fully enforcement of the present utility model, provide embodiment of the present utility model.These embodiments are only the elaborations to this device, do not limit scope of the present utility model.

Single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system, comprise medicine-chest, shower nozzle passes through pipeline, valve connects with medicine-chest, described shower nozzle arranges two in fuselage both sides, the vertical axis cross of the line of two shower nozzles and main rotor, two shower nozzles position is in the horizontal direction: do main rotor backspin airflow field border and the outermost line line segment of fuselage in this horizontal direction, shower nozzle is positioned at line segment midway location or take midway location and as mid point to both sides, extends described line segment length 20% scope that is less than, two described shower nozzles are symmetrical arranged about the vertical axis of main rotor, further, two described shower nozzles position is in the horizontal direction: do main rotor backspin airflow field border and the outermost line line segment of fuselage in this horizontal direction, shower nozzle is positioned at line segment midway location, on two shower nozzle vertical directions, be positioned at alighting gear altitude range, two described nozzles are fixed on spray boom, spray boom is fixed on the alighting gear of fuselage below, further, on pipeline between shower nozzle and medicine-chest, be provided with filter, further, on pipeline, be provided with liquid pump, liquid pump is connected with liquid pump controller, further, nozzle connecting is connected to sprayer controller, sprayer controller is controlled the switching of shower nozzle, further, described shower nozzle adopts spray angle 120 ofog-spray nozzle or airstream shower nozzle or hollow cone nozzle.Shower nozzle of the present utility model is not limited only to adopt Fan spray head, can Fan spray head, and the form shower nozzles such as airstream shower nozzle, hollow cone nozzle.

More detailed embodiment is as shown in drawings: in figure, each mark is depicted as: 1: medicine-chest, 2: pipeline, 3: filter, 4: liquid pump, 5: liquid pump controller, 6: power supply, 7: sprayer controller, 8: sprayer body, 9: anti-dripping valve, 10: shower nozzle, 11: spray boom, 12: main rotor, 13: backspin airflow field border, 14: fuselage, 15: alighting gear, 16: spraying sector, 17: fuselage outer side boundary line, 18: the line L between fuselage outer side border and backspin airflow field border.Alighting gear also claims bracing frame.The utility model preferably and with single rotor plant protection unmanned plane that medicine carrying amount is 5-25L supports the use, as shown in the figure, medicine-chest 1 is by pipeline 2 and filter 3, liquid pump 4, sprayer controller 7, sprayer body 8 connects successively, sprayer body 8 is fixed on spray boom 11, spray boom 11 level connection joints are on alighting gear 15, filter 3 is arranged on the pipeline between medicine-chest 1 and liquid pump 4, to entering the liquid of liquid pump 4, filter, avoid the impurity in liquid damage liquid pump 4 and stop up shower nozzle 10, liquid pump controller 5 is powered by power supply 6, can control liquid pump 4 opens and closes and liquid pump rotating speed, thereby adjustment flow, realize variable rate spray, liquid pump controller flies control by unmanned plane and sends, sprayer controller 7 can be controlled the switching of shower nozzle 10, by power supply 6, powered, control is by unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) control, liquid pump 4 can adopt electric diaphragm pump or the gear type pump of internal corrosion, require flow and pressure to meet the requirement of shower nozzle atomization and formulation rate, atomising device is comprised of 2 fan nozzles, 10 are depicted as one of them, shower nozzle 10 is arranged on sprayer body 8, spraying covering of the fan direction and spray boom angle 5-10 ° that atomization produces, avoid the mutual interference of two spraying covering of the fans, on sprayer body 8, be equipped with anti-dripping valve 9, can reduce agricultural chemicals water clock, sprayer body 8 is fixed on spray boom 11, spray boom 11 is fixed on the alighting gear 15 of fuselage 14 belows, the fixed position of shower nozzle is in unmanned plane main rotor 12 belows, backspin airflow field 13 borders that main rotor 12 produces and the centre of fuselage 14, concrete installation site deterministic process is: the determining of front and back position: the mid point of two shower nozzle lines is on the axis of main rotor 12, determining of position, left and right: first make fuselage 14 exterior-most limits, in Fig. 2, shown in dotted line 17, be fuselage 14 exterior-most limits, determine the border of backspin airflow field 13, can pass through smog method, the exterior boundary of the backspin airflow field 13 producing Deng definite main rotors 12 such as flow field indicating means, make the line line segment between dotted line 17 and backspin airflow field 13 exterior boundaries, the 18 line line segment L that are depicted as in one of them horizontal direction in Fig. 2, the position of shower nozzle is extended and is less than in line segment L length 20% scope for the mid point both sides with line segment L, can guarantee that two make to spray in the lower rotational gas flow 13 of covering of the fan 16 in main rotor generation, and avoid occurring elevator.During dispenser, native system is installed and is fixed on unmanned plane, medicine-chest 1 is fixed on fuselage both sides, main rotor below, and filter 3, liquid pump 4, sprayer controller 7, sprayer body 8 connect successively by pipeline 2, and installation site is as far as possible lower than medicine-chest 1 bottom.Liquid pump controller 5 is connected with liquid pump 4, battery 6, and sprayer controller is connected with battery 6.Sprayer body 8 is fixed on spray boom 11, and spray boom 11 is fixed on the alighting gear 15 of fuselage 14 belows.By flow field indicating means such as smog methods, determine the exterior boundary of the backspin airflow field 13 that main rotor 12 produces, according to the spacing between two fan nozzles 10 of the space allocation between the unmanned aerial vehicle body 14 after the exterior boundary of determined backspin airflow field 13 and carry medicine-chest, in medicine-chest 1, add proper amount of clear water, after checking that unmanned plane control system is errorless, start fog system, fog system turns round when unmanned plane is static, and by flying to control liquid pump controller 5 and sprayer controller 7, check to have or not liquid water clock, controlling and whether accurately controlledly react.After static check completes, when outdoor when calm, start unmanned plane, at unmanned plane during flying to designated area and specified altitude assignment and after having a smooth flight, remote control is opened fog system and is sprayed, and checks whether 13 pairs of spraying covering of the fans 16 of backspin airflow field that main rotor 12 produces exist elevator phenomenon, if there is droplet elevator, to fuselage 14 places, adjust a little nozzle position, until significantly elevator phenomenon disappears.Mounting means more specifically: when this system is arranged on single rotor plant protection unmanned plane that rotor radius is 950mm, No. two shower nozzles of the fan-shaped mist of standard of 120 ° of spray angle are installed, capacity of sprinkler: 1.63L/min, operating speed 4m/s, sprinkler spacing 90cm, during operation flying height 2m, spraying swath is 5m, during operation flying height 3m, spraying swath is 7m.Technical scheme provided by the utility model is allowing to carry out compared with other nozzle layout of sprinkler mode, all to obtain good effect under the weather condition of agricultural plant protection.

After describing embodiment of the present utility model in detail, the personage who is familiar with this technology can be well understood to, can carry out various variations and modification not departing under above-mentioned claim and spirit, any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that all foundations technical spirit of the present utility model is done above embodiment, the scope that all belongs to technical solutions of the utility model, and the utility model is not also limited to the embodiment of example in specification sheets.

Claims (6)

1. single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system, comprise medicine-chest, shower nozzle passes through pipeline, valve connects with medicine-chest, it is characterized in that: described shower nozzle arranges two in fuselage both sides, the vertical axis cross of the line of two shower nozzles and main rotor, two shower nozzles position is in the horizontal direction: do main rotor backspin airflow field border and the outermost line line segment of fuselage in this horizontal direction, shower nozzle is positioned at line segment midway location or take midway location and as mid point to both sides, extends above-mentioned line segment length 20% scope that is less than, two described shower nozzles are symmetrical arranged about the vertical axis of main rotor.
2. single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: two described shower nozzles position is in the horizontal direction: do main rotor backspin airflow field border and the outermost line line segment of fuselage in this horizontal direction, shower nozzle is positioned at line segment midway location, on two shower nozzle vertical directions, be positioned at alighting gear altitude range, two described nozzles are fixed on spray boom, and spray boom is fixed on the alighting gear of fuselage below.
3. single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on the pipeline between shower nozzle and medicine-chest, be provided with filter.
4. single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on pipeline, be provided with liquid pump, liquid pump is connected with liquid pump controller.
5. single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: nozzle connecting is connected to sprayer controller, and sprayer controller is controlled the switching of shower nozzle.
6. single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described shower nozzle adopts spray angle 120 ofog-spray nozzle or airstream shower nozzle or hollow cone nozzle.
CN201420356809.3U 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 Single rotor plant protection unmanned plane pesticide spraying system CN203946276U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521636A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 乐东双齐实业有限公司 Full numerical control aerial spraying insect and disease prevention and control method of interplanting pineapples in young orchard
CN104808677A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-29 广州快飞计算机科技有限公司 Unmanned aerial vehicle spraying control method and apparatus
CN104875891A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-09-02 浙江空行飞行器技术有限公司 Liquid bag holder of unmanned aerial vehicle pesticide supply structure
CN104875892A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-09-02 浙江空行飞行器技术有限公司 Liquid bag of unmanned aerial vehicle pesticide supply structure
CN105083555A (en) * 2014-07-01 2015-11-25 中国农业大学 Pesticide spraying system for single-rotor unmanned plant protection helicopter
CN106325288A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Real-time identification method and real-time identification system for pesticide spraying sector angle of unmanned aerial vehicle
TWI629212B (en) * 2017-04-26 2018-07-11 易圖科技股份有限公司 Flying device
TWI640455B (en) * 2017-04-26 2018-11-11 易圖科技股份有限公司 Flying device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105083555A (en) * 2014-07-01 2015-11-25 中国农业大学 Pesticide spraying system for single-rotor unmanned plant protection helicopter
CN104521636A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 乐东双齐实业有限公司 Full numerical control aerial spraying insect and disease prevention and control method of interplanting pineapples in young orchard
CN104875891A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-09-02 浙江空行飞行器技术有限公司 Liquid bag holder of unmanned aerial vehicle pesticide supply structure
CN104875892A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-09-02 浙江空行飞行器技术有限公司 Liquid bag of unmanned aerial vehicle pesticide supply structure
CN104808677A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-29 广州快飞计算机科技有限公司 Unmanned aerial vehicle spraying control method and apparatus
CN106325288A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Real-time identification method and real-time identification system for pesticide spraying sector angle of unmanned aerial vehicle
TWI629212B (en) * 2017-04-26 2018-07-11 易圖科技股份有限公司 Flying device
TWI640455B (en) * 2017-04-26 2018-11-11 易圖科技股份有限公司 Flying device

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GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 100193 Beijing Old Summer Palace West Road, Haidian District, No. 2

Patentee after: China Agricultural University

Patentee after: Anyang Quanfeng aviation plant protection Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: 100193 Beijing Old Summer Palace West Road, Haidian District, No. 2

Patentee before: China Agricultural University

Patentee before: Anyang Quan Feng aviation plant protection Science and Technology Ltd.