CN203872608U - Straw returning, fertilizing and soil preparation combined machine - Google Patents

Straw returning, fertilizing and soil preparation combined machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203872608U
CN203872608U CN201420329619.2U CN201420329619U CN203872608U CN 203872608 U CN203872608 U CN 203872608U CN 201420329619 U CN201420329619 U CN 201420329619U CN 203872608 U CN203872608 U CN 203872608U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly
frame
cutter shaft
fertilizer
fertilizing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420329619.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈小兵
朱继平
樊家志
杨斌
袁栋
丁艳
彭卓敏
夏敏
姚克恒
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Application filed by Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture filed Critical Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority to CN201420329619.2U priority Critical patent/CN203872608U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203872608U publication Critical patent/CN203872608U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw returning, fertilizing and soil preparation combined machine and belongs to the agricultural machinery technical field. The straw returning, fertilizing and soil preparation combined machine comprises a hanging frame assembly and a frame; a gearbox assembly is arranged on the frame; a tractor power output shaft is connected with the gearbox assembly through a universal joint transmission shaft; shifting and reversing are performed on a right route of the gearbox assembly through a pair of non-orthogonal gears; the right route of the gearbox assembly is connected with a right side chain wheel box or gearbox assembly through a right horizontal shaft; the right side chain wheel box assembly is connected with a disk plough cutter shaft assembly; a balancing device is arranged on the left side of the frame and used for balancing the lateral force produced by the disk plough cutter shaft assembly; shifting and reversing are performed on a left route of the gearbox assembly through a pair of orthogonal gears; the left route of the gearbox assembly is connected with a left side chain wheel box or gearbox assembly through a left horizontal shaft; the left side chain wheel box assembly is connected with a rotary tillage cutter shaft assembly; the right side of the frame is provided with ground wheels which are connected with a fertilizer feeder shaft of a fertilizer box through a driving chain wheel; the lower portion of the fertilizer box is provided with a row of fertilizer conveying pipes; the rear portion of the frame is provided with a dragging plate; the width of the dragging plate is corresponding to that of the rotary tillage cutter shaft assembly. The straw returning, fertilizing and soil preparation combined machine is mainly applied to the agricultural tillage soil preparation such as the covering returning, plough layer fertilization and shallow layer soil breaking and preparation operation of rice and wheat straw stubble.

Description

Whole ground of straw returning and fertilizing combine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery technological field, especially relates to whole ground of a kind of straw returning and fertilizing combine.
Background technology
General rice and wheat straw, root stubble mulching and returning, dry farming mainly contains three kinds of modes.A kind of is to utilize the facility such as reversal stubble cleaning rotary cultivator, double-shaft stubble cleaning rotary cultivator, to stalk, the direct mulching and returning of root stubble in field of shedding after results, and complete soil ploughing operation, stalk, root stubble mix with soil in topsoil depth scope, when stalk, root stubble amount are larger, field effect can't meet agriculture requirement; The second is exactly to utilize traditional ploughing to turn over to bury, and also field amount, overburden depth can meet agriculture requirement, but single cultivation operation, because energy consumption is larger, application is subject to certain limitation.The operation of turning over of traditional mouldboard plow,, easily there is wrapping phenomena in the rice straw large to stalk amount, weeds are many, toughness is large, affects operation quality.The third is exactly the integration of operation facility that mouldboard plow and rotovator are combined to form.Operating efficiency increases, but still not solution of wrapping phenomena, the longitudinal size of unit is large, poor stability, and function singleness, is unfavorable for popularizing in an all-round way and application.The utility model is the buried also field of a kind of novel rice and wheat straw root stubble, topsoil fertilising and table soil whole ground integration of operation technology, be exactly in rice wheat crop rotation area, by the mixing covering of earth's surface band fertilising → fertilizer of the buried also field of stalk, root stubble → after ploughing and the operation such as the hack of topsoil is smooth, soil smooth operation in small, broken bits is spread fertilizer over the fields+is shown in the mechanization that completes rice and wheat straw root stubble also field+seed manure.
Utility model content
For overcoming above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model proposes whole ground of a kind of straw returning and fertilizing combine, the technical scheme of employing is as follows:
Whole ground of straw returning and fertilizing combine, comprise hanger bracket assembly and frame, gearbox assembly is located in frame, tractor motive power output shaft is connected with gearbox assembly by Cardan shaft, gearbox assembly right wing commutates by a pair of non-orthogonal gear graduation, through right transverse axis, be connected with right edge chain-wheel box assembly, the vertical direction of right transverse axis and power input direction has an angle, right edge chain-wheel box assembly is connected with rolling coulter axle assembly, the left side of frame is furnished with bascule, the side force that bascule produces for balance rolling coulter axle assembly, commutate by the gear graduation of pair of orthogonal in the left road of gearbox assembly, through left transverse axis, be connected with left side chain-wheel box assembly, left side chain-wheel box assembly is connected with rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly, rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly is connected with frame by rotary tillage side plate, the right side of frame is provided with land wheel, land wheel is connected with the fertilizer apparatus axle of fertile case by drive sprocket, fertile lower box part is provided with row's fertilizer delivering pipe, one row's fertilizer delivering pipe is positioned at the front portion of rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly, the width of one group of fertilizer delivering pipe is corresponding with the width of rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly, frame rear portion is provided with planker, the width of planker is corresponding with the width of rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly, during work, with tractor and its hanger bracket assembly, articulate, tractor dynamic power is exported through Cardan shaft and is entered idler gear box assembly by power take-off, through speed change commutation, be divided into left and right two-way output again, right wing commutates by a pair of non-orthogonal gear graduation, through right transverse axis, arrive right edge chain-wheel box assembly, right edge chain-wheel box assembly drives disk plow cutter shaft rotary operation, the bascule balance that the side force that disk plow cutter shaft produces is arranged by left side, commutate by the gear graduation of pair of orthogonal in left road, through left transverse axis, arrive left side chain-wheel box assembly, through chain transmission, drive rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly rotary operation again, be arranged in the land wheel on right side, by drive sprocket, drive fertilizer apparatus axle to rotate, the fertilizer in fertile case, through fertilizer delivering pipe, fertilizer is sprinkling upon on the ground after ploughing, through the operation of rotary tillage hack, evenly sneak in topsoil, complete fertilising operation, anterior rolling coulter axle assembly is under the compound action that unit advances and coulter shaft is rotated, Soil tillage, complete the mulching and returning operation of stalk, root stubble, simultaneously, land wheel random groups is rotated, drive coupled drive sprocket, drive fertilizer apparatus fertilizer, through fertilizer delivering pipe, be spread on the field face after ploughing, the rotary ploughing cutter shaft at rear portion, under the compound action that unit advances and cutter shaft rotates, completes the hack of ploughing upturned soil and the mixing of fertilizer and covers, and last earth's surface is through planker suppression leveling.
Preferably: in order to promote stalk, root stubble to become thoroughly decomposed in soil, to the sterilizing of killing virus such as soil, stalk, in the front portion of frame, be provided with one group of flusher, flusher is connected with medicine-chest, and medicine-chest is located in frame, on medicine-chest, be also provided with liquid pump, during operation, tractor drives facility to advance, and the flusher of frame front as required, by human pilot, at steering position, control liquid pump and carry out spraying operation, not only convenient but also quick.
Preferably: in order to make better, people are convenient to be added fertilizer or do some other thing in fertile case, at the rear portion of frame, is also provided with workbench, and people can do the thing that some need to be done on workbench.
Preferably: in order to reduce energy consumption of rotary cultivation, improve hack quality, rotary blade central siphon adopts major diameter (>=100mm), and rotary blade adopts the special-purpose rotary blade of little length, also can select the S type standard cutter of small swing radius; Blades aligned adopts 4 helixes.
Advantage of the present utility model is as follows:
The machine adopts the output of bilateral double-shaft power, the transmission of bilateral chain or gear drive, and structural configuration is compact, easy to operate; Power driven disk plow is ploughed with fertilising rotary tillage soil-working and is combined, compare with mouldboard plow, trailed disk plow and integration of operation facility thereof, complete machine longitudinal size reduces, the unit longitudinal stability land wheel that applies fertilizer is well arranged in right side, during work, land wheel is walked on uncultivated land, can guarantee the stable of quality that apply fertilizer, and structural configuration is convenient; Rotary ploughing cutter shaft adopts major diameter cutter pipe, little length special blade, and many helixes are arranged, and hack quality is good, and power consumption is little, the matching of operation pace and blade axis rotary speed.The flusher of straw stubble decomposing agent or virus killing bactericidal agent is set up in facility front portion, made up the deficiency of similar facility, increased facility function, improved operating efficiency, this machine can solve rice wheat mechanization returning and fertilizing and plough the problem that whole integration of operation lacks applicable work tool, adopt power driven disk plow to replace mouldboard plow to plough also field, force the circular disc driving, not only can not be wound around stalk or weeds, can also cut off stalk and weeds, solved the winding problem of traditional mouldboard plow and integration of operation facility thereof, operation quality is good, unit longitudinal size is little, stability is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is whole ground of the utility model straw returning and fertilizing combine front view.
Fig. 2 is whole ground of the utility model straw returning and fertilizing combine vertical view (removing medicine-chest, fertile case).
Fig. 3 is the fertile box structure schematic diagram of whole ground of the utility model straw returning and fertilizing combine.
Fig. 4 is whole ground of the utility model straw returning and fertilizing combine vertical view.
Fig. 5 is whole ground of the utility model straw returning and fertilizing combine Rotary tillage blade expanded view.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4,5
Embodiment 1
During work, with tractor and its hanger bracket assembly 1, articulate, tractor dynamic power is exported through Cardan shaft and is entered idler gear box assembly 13 by power take-off, through speed change commutation, be divided into left and right two-way output again, right wing commutates by a pair of non-orthogonal gear graduation, through right transverse axis 16, arrive right edge chain-wheel box assembly 2, right edge chain-wheel box assembly 2 drives disk plow cutter shaft rotary operation, bascule 19 balances that the side force that disk plow cutter shaft produces is arranged by left side; Commutate by the gear graduation of pair of orthogonal in left road, through left transverse axis 17, arrive left side chain-wheel box assembly 18, through chain transmission, drive rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly 7 rotary operations again, be arranged in the land wheel 5 on right side, by drive sprocket 12, drive fertilizer apparatus axle to rotate, the fertilizer in fertile case 11, through fertilizer delivering pipe 6, fertilizer is sprinkling upon on the ground after ploughing, through the operation of rotary tillage hack, evenly sneak in topsoil, complete fertilising operation; Anterior rolling coulter axle assembly 4 is under the compound action that unit advances and coulter shaft is rotated, Soil tillage, complete the mulching and returning operation of stalk, root stubble, simultaneously, land wheel 5 random groups are rotated, drive coupled drive sprocket 12, drive sprocket 12 drives fertilizer apparatus fertilizer, through fertilizer delivering pipe 6, is spread on the field face after ploughing; The rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly 7 at rear portion, under the compound action that unit advances and cutter shaft rotates, completes the hack of ploughing upturned soil and the mixing of fertilizer and covers, and last earth's surface is through planker 8 suppression levelings.
Embodiment 2
During work, with tractor and its hanger bracket assembly 1, articulate, tractor dynamic power is exported through Cardan shaft and is entered idler gear box assembly 13 by power take-off, through speed change commutation, be divided into left and right two-way output again, right wing commutates by a pair of non-orthogonal gear graduation, through right transverse axis 16, arrive right edge chain-wheel box assembly 2, right edge chain-wheel box assembly 2 drives disk plow cutter shaft rotary operation, bascule 19 balances that the side force that disk plow cutter shaft produces is arranged by left side; Commutate by the gear graduation of pair of orthogonal in left road, through left transverse axis 17, arrive left side chain-wheel box assembly 18, through chain transmission, drive rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly rotary operation again, be arranged in the land wheel 5 on right side, by drive sprocket 12, drive fertilizer apparatus axle to rotate, the fertilizer in fertile case 11, through fertilizer delivering pipe 6, fertilizer is sprinkling upon on the ground after ploughing, through the operation of rotary tillage hack, evenly sneak in topsoil, complete fertilising operation; Anterior rolling coulter axle assembly 4 is under the compound action that unit advances and coulter shaft is rotated, Soil tillage, complete the mulching and returning operation of stalk, root stubble, simultaneously, land wheel 5 random groups are rotated, drive coupled drive sprocket 12, drive sprocket 12 drives fertilizer apparatus fertilizer, through fertilizer delivering pipe 6, is spread on the field face after ploughing; The rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly 7 at rear portion is under the compound action that unit advances and cutter shaft rotates, completing the hack of ploughing upturned soil and the mixing of fertilizer covers, last earth's surface is through planker 8 suppression levelings, in the front portion of frame, be provided with one group of flusher 3, flusher 3 is connected with medicine-chest 14, medicine-chest 14 is located in frame, on medicine-chest 14, be also provided with liquid pump 15, during operation, tractor drives facility to advance, the flusher 3 of frame front as required, is controlled liquid pump 15 by human pilot at steering position and is carried out spraying operation.
Embodiment 3
During work, with tractor and its hanger bracket assembly 1, articulate, tractor dynamic power is exported through Cardan shaft and is entered idler gear box assembly 13 by power take-off, through speed change commutation, be divided into left and right two-way output again, right wing commutates by a pair of non-orthogonal gear graduation, through right transverse axis 16, arrive right edge chain-wheel box assembly 2, right edge chain-wheel box assembly 2 drives disk plow cutter shaft rotary operation, bascule 19 balances that the side force that disk plow cutter shaft produces is arranged by left side, commutate by the gear graduation of pair of orthogonal in left road, through left transverse axis 17, arrive left side chain-wheel box assembly 18, through chain transmission, drive rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly rotary operation again, be arranged in the land wheel 5 on right side, by drive sprocket 12, drive fertilizer apparatus axle to rotate, the fertilizer in fertile case 11, through fertilizer delivering pipe 6, fertilizer is sprinkling upon on the ground after ploughing, through the operation of rotary tillage hack, evenly sneak in topsoil, complete fertilising operation, anterior rolling coulter axle assembly 4 is under the compound action that unit advances and coulter shaft is rotated, Soil tillage, complete the mulching and returning operation of stalk, root stubble, simultaneously, land wheel 5 random groups are rotated, drive coupled drive sprocket 12, drive sprocket 12 drives fertilizer apparatus fertilizer, through fertilizer delivering pipe 6, is spread on the field face after ploughing, the rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly 7 at rear portion is under the compound action that unit advances and cutter shaft rotates, completing the hack of ploughing upturned soil and the mixing of fertilizer covers, last earth's surface is through planker 8 suppression levelings, in the front portion of frame, be provided with one group of flusher 3, flusher 3 is connected with medicine-chest 14, medicine-chest 14 is located in frame, on medicine-chest 14, be also provided with liquid pump 15, during operation, tractor drives facility to advance, the flusher 3 of frame front as required, by human pilot, at steering position, control liquid pump 15 and carry out spraying operation, rear portion in frame is also provided with workbench 10, people can do the thing that some need to be done on workbench 10, rotary blade on rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly 7 adopts the S type standard cutter of small swing radius, blades aligned adopts 4 helixes, be conducive to improve hack quality, reduce power consumption.
The above; it is only embodiment of the present utility model; but the protection domain of utility model is not limited to this; any those of ordinary skill in the art are in the disclosed technical scope of the utility model; the variation that can expect easily or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with the protection domain that claims were limited.

Claims (4)

1. whole ground of straw returning and fertilizing combine, comprise hanger bracket assembly (1) and frame, it is characterized in that: gearbox assembly (13) is located in frame, tractor motive power output shaft is connected with gearbox assembly (13) by Cardan shaft, gearbox assembly (13) right wing commutates by a pair of non-orthogonal gear graduation, through right transverse axis (16), be connected with right edge chain-wheel box assembly (2), right transverse axis (16) has an angle with the vertical direction of power input direction, right edge chain-wheel box assembly (2) is connected with rolling coulter axle assembly (4), the left side of frame is furnished with bascule (19), bascule (19) is for the side force of balance and rolling coulter axle assembly (4) generation, commutate by the gear graduation of pair of orthogonal in the left road of gearbox assembly (13), through left transverse axis (17), be connected with left side chain-wheel box assembly (18), left side chain-wheel box assembly (18) is connected with rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly (7), rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly (7) is connected with frame by rotary tillage side plate (9), the right side of frame is provided with land wheel (5), land wheel (5) is connected with the fertilizer apparatus axle of fertile case (11) by drive sprocket (12), fertile case (11) bottom is provided with row's fertilizer delivering pipe (6), one row's fertilizer delivering pipe (6) is positioned at the front portion of rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly (7), the width of one row's fertilizer delivering pipe (6) is corresponding with the width of rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly (7), frame rear portion is provided with planker (8), the width of planker (8) is corresponding with the width of rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly (7).
2. whole ground of straw returning and fertilizing according to claim 1 combine, it is characterized in that: the front portion of described frame is provided with one group of flusher (3), flusher (3) is connected with medicine-chest (14), medicine-chest (14) is located in frame, is also provided with liquid pump (15) on medicine-chest (14).
3. whole ground of straw returning and fertilizing according to claim 1 combine, is characterized in that: the rear portion of described frame is also provided with workbench (10).
4. whole ground of straw returning and fertilizing according to claim 1 combine, is characterized in that: the rotary blade on described rotary ploughing cutter shaft assembly (7) adopts the S type standard cutter of small swing radius, and blade adopts many helix modes to arrange.
CN201420329619.2U 2014-06-15 2014-06-15 Straw returning, fertilizing and soil preparation combined machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN203872608U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420329619.2U CN203872608U (en) 2014-06-15 2014-06-15 Straw returning, fertilizing and soil preparation combined machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420329619.2U CN203872608U (en) 2014-06-15 2014-06-15 Straw returning, fertilizing and soil preparation combined machine

Publications (1)

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CN203872608U true CN203872608U (en) 2014-10-15

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104012253A (en) * 2014-06-15 2014-09-03 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Combined operation machine for returning straws back to field, fertilizing and preparing soil

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104012253A (en) * 2014-06-15 2014-09-03 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Combined operation machine for returning straws back to field, fertilizing and preparing soil
CN104012253B (en) * 2014-06-15 2015-12-30 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Straw returning and fertilizing whole ground combine

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Legal Events

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141015

Effective date of abandoning: 20151230

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting