CN203859132U - Solar energy conversion device and building material with energy conversion device - Google Patents

Solar energy conversion device and building material with energy conversion device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203859132U
CN203859132U CN201420140331.0U CN201420140331U CN203859132U CN 203859132 U CN203859132 U CN 203859132U CN 201420140331 U CN201420140331 U CN 201420140331U CN 203859132 U CN203859132 U CN 203859132U
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glass
solar energy
energy conversion
plate
conversion equipment
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CN201420140331.0U
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程海兵
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程海兵
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar energy conversion device and building material with the energy conversion device. The solar energy conversion device comprises an energy conversion module which comprises a heat collecting plate, a crystal silicon solar battery, and a heat collecting tube. The solar energy conversion device also comprises hollow glass which comprises a glass panel, a glass backboard, and a frame. The frame is fixedly connected with the glass panel and the glass backboard respectively through sealant to form a closed chamber. The energy conversion module is accommodated in the chamber. Two ends of the crystal silicon solar battery are electrically connected with two photovoltaic junction boxes at the glass backboard. Two ends of the heat collecting tube communicate with two guiding interface at the glass backboard. According to the solar energy conversion device of the utility model, the front side of the glass panel and the back side of the glass backboard are isolated through the closed cavity so as to prevent the heat transfer between the front side of the glass panel and the back side of the glass backboard through hollow glass, reduce the heat loss of the solar energy conversion device, and raise the conversion efficiency of solar energy.

Description

Solar energy conversion equipment and the building material with energy conversion device
Technical field
The utility model has related to a kind of energy conversion device, especially also relates to a kind of solar energy conversion equipment.
Background technology
What the energy that at present, people consume when pursuing comfortable material life adopted in a large number is as conventional energy resources such as coal, oil, natural gases.These conventional energy resources have in use caused destruction in various degree to earth environment not only, and face the problem of resource exhaustion.In order to meet material life pursuit and don't to affect environment, people are are just constantly researching and developing and are inquiring into employing inexhaustible clean energy resource as this in " solar energy ".
Traditional solar energy conversion equipment has following several at present: crystal silicon solar power generation module group, crystal silicon solar double-sided glass power generation module group, solar energy vacuum tube heat collector and plate solar collector etc.But the conversion of these solar energy conversion equipment ubiquity solar energy is single, utilance is low, practical application loss is large, device useful life is short, mounting material cost is high, recovery utilization rate is low, take ample resources, installation position is equipped with the shortcomings such as limitation.
One piece of Chinese utility model patent application, application number is 2010101428615, name is called the basic structure that discloses a kind of plate solar collector in " a kind of synchronous generation is also exported electric energy and the helioplant of heat energy ", it comprises transparent cover plate, absorber, manifold trunk, insulating, housing, frame and heat utilization servicing unit, the basic structure also with solar photovoltaic power, comprise silicon solar cell and contact conductor, solar generating heat collecting plate is housed in the housing of described helioplant, this plate is comprised of solar absorber plate core and the solar power generation heat-collecting plate core of holding concurrently, or all by the solar power generation heat-collecting plate core of holding concurrently, formed, the hold concurrently structure of heat-collecting plate core of this solar power generation is, adopt full glue sealed type silicon solar battery assembly encapsulation technology, by conductive interconnection bar mutually rule the silicon solar cell linking together by adhesive linkage closely packaged type be attached on the lighting surface on the sunny side of heat absorption metallic plate, be connected with external contact conductor, described heat absorption metallic plate is the aluminium alloy extrusions of surface process anodized, and the heat-transfer working medium passage metal tube that can link together with manifold trunk is housed to detachable property on its back of the body male and femal face, in housing, have supporting sealed type insulating, the effective spacing h between transparent cover plate and silicon solar cell is 15~25mm, power interface is housed on housing.
Although above-mentioned helioplant can be changed solar energy output electric energy and heat energy simultaneously, because adopting metal shell, its back side supports.Because metal shell has stronger thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity, therefore can produce scattering and disappearing of a part of heat, also will inevitably reduce thus the heat energy of synchronous output, reduced the utilance of solar energy.While is because metal shell does not have heat insulating ability, so metal shell also cannot directly be used as construction material.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the above-mentioned defect of prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model has been to provide a kind of solar energy conversion equipment, and it can improve the utilization rate of solar energy.
Concrete technical scheme of the present utility model is:
A kind of solar energy conversion equipment, it comprises energy conversion module, described energy conversion module comprises collecting plate, be installed in the crystal silicon solar energy battery on described collecting plate, be installed on described collecting plate and with the thermal-collecting tube of described collecting plate phase thermal coupling, described crystal silicon solar energy battery and described thermal-collecting tube lay respectively at the opposite side of described collecting plate, it is characterized in that: described solar energy conversion equipment also comprises double glazing, described double glazing comprises face glass, glass back plate, frame, described frame is tightly connected to enclose with described face glass and described glass back plate the chamber that formation one is airtight respectively mutually, described energy conversion module is placed in described chamber, the crystal silicon solar energy battery of described energy conversion module is facing to the described face glass of light side, the two ends of described crystal silicon solar energy battery are electrically connected mutually with two photovoltaic junction boxes that are positioned at described glass back plate place respectively, the two ends of described thermal-collecting tube are connected with two water conservancy diversion interfaces that are positioned at described glass back plate place respectively.
Preferably, described frame comprises that formation " returns " the metal edges framework of font, is set in the first silicon substrate structure glue outside described metal edges framework, at described metal edges framework, be provided with fluid sealant respectively and between described face glass and described glass back plate, between described crystal silicon solar energy battery and described collecting plate, be provided with insulating heat-conductive film.
Preferably, described fluid sealant comprises butyl rubber and the first double-sided tape, and described butyl rubber is positioned at the outside of described the first double-sided tape, and described butyl rubber is in close proximity to described the first silicon substrate structure glue.
Preferably, described solar energy conversion equipment also comprises that two can dock the thermal-arrest pipe clamp that is set in outside described thermal-collecting tube, are located in the stay tube on described thermal-arrest pipe clamp, and described stay tube and described frame are fixedly connected.
Preferably, between described stay tube and described frame, be also provided with holder, teflon tube, one end of described holder and described frame plug, and the other end of described holder, teflon tube and stay tube be socket successively mutually.
Preferably, in described glass back plate, offer through hole, described photovoltaic junction box comprises the binding post being located in described through hole, described crystal silicon solar energy battery is welded and fixed mutually with the binding post that is positioned at described chamber, the first hold-down nut is fixedly connected with the binding post being positioned at outside described chamber, on described binding post, be coated with successively from the inside to the outside electronics silica gel and electron pouring sealant, between described binding post and the side in the described glass back plate of chamber, be provided with the second double-sided tape, between described binding post and the inwall of described through hole, be provided with the second silicon substrate structure glue.
Preferably, in described glass back plate, offer through hole, described water conservancy diversion interface comprises the interface column that is located in described through hole, by screw thread, is fixedly connected on the second hold-down nut in described interface column, between described interface column and a side of the glass back plate in chamber, be provided with the 3rd double-sided tape, between described interface column and the inwall of described through hole, be provided with the 3rd silicon substrate structure glue.
Preferably, in described airtight chamber, be filled with inert gas, described inert gas is a kind of in argon gas, nitrogen, Krypton.
Preferably, described airtight chamber is in vacuum state.
Preferably, in described airtight chamber, be filled with dry air, described solar energy conversion equipment also comprises the molecular sieve that is positioned at described airtight chamber and is fixedly connected with described frame.
In order to overcome the above-mentioned defect of prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of building material with solar energy conversion equipment, when it has the function of solar energy conversion, also has heat insulating ability.
The concrete technical scheme of another kind of the present utility model is:
A kind of building material, it is characterized in that: it comprises solar energy conversion equipment described above, the back side of described glass back plate is provided with the connecting portion for fixing with described building support, and described face glass is toughened glass, and described glass back plate is toughened glass.
The utility model adopts above structure, has the following advantages:
The front of the face glass in the energy conversion device in the utility model and the back side of glass back plate are isolated by airtight chamber, to intercept the front of face glass and the back side of glass back plate, by double glazing, conduct heat, reduce the thermal loss of solar energy conversion equipment, improve the conversion efficiency of solar energy.
, there is not potential safety hazard in the long service life of the solar energy conversion equipment in the utility model.
Solar energy conversion equipment in the utility model adopts and can easily reclaim, disassembled structure and material made, and its recovery utilization rate is greater than 90 percent.
Building material in the utility model has the function that double glazing for building is complete, if also substituted the miscellaneous part that solar power generation and heat collecting module etc. are installed.Double glazing, crystal silicon solar energy battery, hollow thermal-collecting tube are installed relatively respectively, the building material maximum using in the utility model installation carrier space saved land resource.Relatively repeat to install generating, heating module, solar energy conversion equipment, the building material in the utility model has been saved required consumptive material greatly, has more saved the cost of labor in links.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing described here is only for task of explanation, and is not intended to limit by any way the utility model scope of disclosure.In addition, the shape of each parts in figure and proportional sizes etc. are only schematically, for helping understanding of the present utility model, are not shape and the proportional sizes that specifically limits each parts of the utility model.Those skilled in the art, under instruction of the present utility model, can select various possible shapes and proportional sizes to implement the utility model as the case may be.
Fig. 1 has shown the front view of solar energy conversion equipment in the utility model.
Fig. 2 has shown the vertical view of solar energy conversion equipment in the utility model.
Fig. 3 has shown the partial cross section schematic diagram of the section A-A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 has shown the connection diagram of a plurality of crystal silicon solar energy batteries.
Fig. 5 A has shown the local enlarged diagram that crystal silicon solar energy battery is connected with photovoltaic junction box.
Fig. 5 B has shown the another local enlarged diagram that crystal silicon solar energy battery is connected with photovoltaic junction box.
Fig. 6 has shown the connection diagram of a plurality of thermal-collecting tubes.
Fig. 7 has shown the local enlarged diagram of thermal-collecting tube and water conservancy diversion interface.
The Reference numeral of above accompanying drawing: 1, energy conversion module; 11, collecting plate; 12, insulating heat-conductive film; 13, crystal silicon solar energy battery; 131, busbar; 14, thermal-collecting tube; 141, the first mozzle; 142, the second mozzle; 143, the 3rd mozzle; 2, double glazing; 21, face glass; 22, glass back plate; 221, through hole; 222, through hole; 223, be positioned at the side of the glass back plate of chamber; 23, frame; 231, metal edges framework; 232, the first silicon substrate structure glue; 24, chamber; 25, photovoltaic junction box; 251, binding post; 252, the first hold-down nut; 253, electronics silica gel; 254, electron pouring sealant; 255, the second double-sided tape; 256, the second silicon substrate structure glue; 26, water conservancy diversion interface; 261, interface column; 262, the second hold-down nut; 263, the 3rd double-sided tape; 264, the 3rd silicon substrate structure glue; 27, fluid sealant; 271, butyl rubber; 272, the first double-sided tape; 281, thermal-arrest pipe clamp; 282, stay tube; 283, holder; 284, teflon tube; 29, molecular sieve.
Embodiment
With the description of the utility model embodiment, can more be well understood to details of the present utility model by reference to the accompanying drawings.But embodiment of the present utility model described here,, for explaining the purpose of this utility model, is only to restriction of the present utility model and can not be understood as by any way.Under instruction of the present utility model, technical staff can conceive based on possible distortion arbitrarily of the present utility model, and these all should be regarded as belonging to scope of the present utility model.
Shown in Fig. 7, the utility model discloses solar energy conversion equipment, comprise energy conversion module 1 and double glazing 2.
Shown in 3, energy conversion module 1 comprises collecting plate 11, the crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 being fixedly connected by insulating heat-conductive film 12 and collecting plate 11, be fixedly installed on collecting plate 11 and with the thermal-collecting tube 14 of collecting plate 11 phase thermal couplings.As shown in Figure 3, crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 is positioned at the upper side of collecting plate 11, and thermal-collecting tube 14 is positioned at the downside of collecting plate 11.Collecting plate 14 can be by extruded aluminium section, extruding bar section of stainless steel, and copper pipe welding aluminum sheets or other shapes are made.Thermal-collecting tube 14 can extend along the length direction of collecting plate 11.Thermal-collecting tube 14 is interior can pass through heat-conducting medium, and heat-conducting medium can be liquid or gas.One preferred embodiment in, thermal-collecting tube 14 can be with collecting plate 11 integral types structures so that thermal-collecting tube 14 has better heat conductivility.Crystalline silicon in crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 is only monocrystalline silicon or polysilicon, can not be amorphous silicon.Insulating heat-conductive film 12 adopts resin glass fiber or the silica-based dielectric film with high thermal conductivity that can tolerate 600 ℃ of high temperature of making existing in prior aries, can be in epoxy resin/glass/BN a kind of.Energy conversion module not only can be converted to the visible light part in sunlight electric energy output, heat-carrying infrared light can also be converted to heat energy output, therefore the solar energy conversion equipment in the utility model can be realized the output of two kinds of different-energies, has changed energy and has exported single defect.
Shown in Fig. 3, double glazing 2 comprises face glass 21, glass back plate 22, frame 23.Face glass 22 and glass back plate 23 are cuboid substantially, have certain light transmission.Face glass 21 and glass back plate 22 can, according to actual strength needs, be chosen as individual layer doubling glass or double-deck doubling glass.Face glass 21 and glass back plate 22 can be one or more in tempering and semi-tempered glass, coloured glass for float glass, laminated glass, pattern glass, antisolar glass, coated glass, toughened glass, curtain wall.Toughened glass (Tempered glass/Reinforced glass) belongs to safety glass.Toughened glass is a kind of prestressed glass in fact, for improving the intensity of glass, conventionally use the method for chemistry or physics, at glass surface, form compression, when glass bears external force, first offset skin stress, thereby improved bearing capacity, reinforcing glass self anti-wind pressure, cold and heat, impact etc.Especially, face glass 21 optimums are existing tempering ultra-clear glasses, and glass back plate 23 optimums are existing tempering ultra-clear glasses.Ultra-clear glasses is a kind of super transparent low iron glass, also claims low iron glass, high-transparent glass.It is a kind of high-quality, multifunctional novel high-grade glass kind, and light transmittance can reach more than 91.5%, has glittering and translucent, high-grade elegant characteristic, has glass family " crystal prince's " title.Tempering ultra-clear glasses is strengthened and is obtained by ultra-clear glasses substrate process physics or chemical method.In order further to reach energy-conservation effect, at the back side of glass back plate 22, carry out plated film to reduce scattering and disappearing of heat.Frame 23 is between face glass 21 and glass back plate 22, and frame 23, for by face glass 21 and glass back plate 22 sealings, forms airtight chamber 24 between frame 23, face glass 21, glass back plate 22.
Shown in Fig. 3, energy conversion module 1 is placed in the airtight chamber 24 of double glazing 2.Crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 is towards described face glass 21, and described thermal-collecting tube 14 is towards described glass back plate 22.The two ends of described crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 are electrically connected mutually with two photovoltaic junction boxes 25 that are positioned at described glass back plate 22 places respectively, outwards to export electric energy.Described thermal-collecting tube 14 is connected with two water conservancy diversion interfaces 26 that are positioned at described glass back plate 22 places respectively, outwards to export heat energy.In the present embodiment, collecting plate 11 parallels setting with face glass 21 and glass back plate 22.Crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 extends along the length direction of collecting plate 11.Shown in Fig. 4, when crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 is while being a plurality of, crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 can connect to form a plurality of baby battery unit of serial connection successively in turn by busbar 131.Wherein, the A of the place of drawing of a plurality of crystal silicon solar energy batteries 13 can be electrically connected with photovoltaic junction box 25 respectively mutually with B, to form the both positive and negative polarity of outside output electric energy.Thermal-collecting tube 14 is positioned at the back side of collecting plate 11, and also the length direction along collecting plate 11 extends.Shown in Fig. 6, when thermal-collecting tube 14 is while being a plurality of, one end of a plurality of thermal-collecting tubes 14 can be connected by the first mozzle 141, and the two ends of the first mozzle 141 are mutually airtight.The other end of part thermal-collecting tube 14 can be connected with a water conservancy diversion interface 26 by the second mozzle 142, and the other end of another part thermal-collecting tube 14 can be connected 26 with another water conservancy diversion interface by the 3rd mozzle 143.According to this kind of arrangement mode, heat-conducting medium enters in the second mozzle 142 and enters in a part of thermal-collecting tube 14 from one of them water conservancy diversion interface 26, from the first mozzle 141, enter the thermal-collecting tube 14 of another part again, finally from the 3rd mozzle 143, from another water conservancy diversion interface 26, flow out.
In the present embodiment, the back side of the front of face glass 21 and glass back plate 22 is isolated by airtight chamber 24, to intercept the front of face glass 21 and the back side of glass back plate, by double glazing 2, conduct heat, reduce the thermal loss of solar energy conversion equipment, improved the efficiency of solar energy conversion.Through evidence, the conversion efficiency of the solar energy conversion equipment in the utility model is greater than 60 percent, be far longer than crystal silicon solar power generation module group 14% and solar energy vacuum tube heat collector 40%.Collecting plate 11 sends heat energy and makes in airtight chamber 24 for a long time in drying regime, through evidence airtight chamber 24 and extraneous water vapour permeability≤0.01g/m 2.d, more than collecting plate 11 can effectively guarantee cavity 40-50 inner drying degree>=70%, oxidation, corrosion possibility that the electronic component in crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 causes because of humidity must have been reduced like this.
Further, frame 23 comprises that formation " returns " the metal edges framework 231 of font, is set in the first silicon substrate structure glue 232 outside metal edges framework 231.Metal edges framework 231 can be made by materials such as stainless steel, aluminum or aluminum alloy.The metal edges moulding that metal edges framework 231 can be extended by two length directions along double glazing 2 and two metal edges mouldings that the Width along double glazing 2 extends, four strip metal frame bars can be fixedly connected by welding.Silicon substrate structure glue generally refers to by high (the compressive strength >65MPa of the silica-based intensity of making, steel-steel is just drawing adhesive strength >30MPa, shearing strength >18MPa), can bear larger load, and ageing-resistant, endurance, corrosion-resistant, stable performance in life expectancy, is applicable to bear the bonding silica-based adhesive of powerful structural member.Front and back at metal edges framework 231 can also be connected and sealed by fluid sealant 27 and face glass 21 or glass back plate 22.Fluid sealant 27 can be for butyl rubber 271 and the first double-sided tape 272, further to improve the sealing of airtight chamber 24.Butyl rubber 271 can be positioned at the outside of the first double-sided tape 272.In order further to improve sealing, butyl rubber 271 can be close to mutually with the first silicon substrate structure glue 232.Butyl rubber 271, claims again butyl rubber, is elastomeric a kind of, synthetic by isobutene and a small amount of isoprene.Manufactured goods are difficult for gas leakage, are generally used for manufacturing the inner tube of a tyre of automobile, airplane wheel.The great advantage of butyl rubber: good, heat-resisting, the resistance to ozone of air-tightness, ageing-resistant, chemical-resistant resistance, and have shock-absorbing, electrical insulation capability.The double-sided tape that double-sided tape can be used for traditional curtain wall, it is the two-sided bar with glue.
Further, shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 6, solar energy conversion equipment can also comprise that two can dock the thermal-arrest pipe clamp 281 that is set in outside thermal-collecting tube 14, are located in the stay tube 282 on thermal-arrest pipe clamp 281, the two ends of stay tube 282 can be fixedly connected with metal edges framework 231, in Fig. 3, only show one end structure of stay tube 282, the symmetrical layout of the other end and Fig. 3.In Fig. 3, the top of thermal-arrest pipe clamp 281 is set in outside thermal-collecting tube 14, and stay tube 282 passes from the bottom of thermal-arrest pipe clamp 281.Between stay tube 282 and metal edges framework 231, can be provided with holder 283, teflon tube 284.One end of holder 283 and metal edges framework 231 plug.The other end of holder 283, teflon tube 284 and stay tube 282 are fixed by socket successively.Adopt this kind of structure, what energy conversion module can be comparatively stable is placed in double glazing 2.Even if there is failure condition, operating personnel still comparatively easily disassemble it.Shown in Fig. 6, in the present embodiment, thermal-collecting tube 14 extends along the length direction of double glazing 2, and stay tube 282 can extend along the width of double glazing 2.Stay tube 282, holder 283, teflon tube 284, thermal-arrest pipe clamp 281 can be for a plurality of.A plurality of stay tubes 282, holder 283, teflon tube 284, thermal-arrest pipe clamp 281 can be arranged along the length direction of double glazing 2, energy conversion module 1 is formed to multiple spot and jointly support to play better fixation.
Further, shown in Fig. 5 A and Fig. 5 B, offer through hole 221 in glass back plate 22, photovoltaic junction box 25 comprises the binding post 251 being located in described through hole 221.Described crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 is welded and fixed mutually with the binding post 251 that is positioned at described chamber 24.The first hold-down nut 252 is fixedly connected with the binding post 251 being positioned at outside described chamber 24.On described the first hold-down nut 252 and described binding post 251, be coated with successively from the inside to the outside electronics silica gel 253 and electron pouring sealant 254.At described binding post 251 and described glass back plate 22, between the side 223 in chamber 24, be provided with the second double-sided tape 255, between described binding post 251 and the inwall of described through hole 221, be provided with the second silicon substrate structure glue 256.Adopt this kind of structure, photovoltaic junction box 25 can not only with mutually stable being electrically connected of crystal silicon solar energy battery 13, can also guarantee that the chamber 24 of double glazing 2 is all the time in air-tight state.
Further, shown in Fig. 7, in described glass back plate 22, offer through hole 222, described water conservancy diversion interface 26 comprises the interface column 261 that is located in described through hole 222, by screw thread fixed cover, is located at the second hold-down nut 262 in described interface column.In described interface column 261 and glass back plate 22, between the side 223 in chamber 24, be provided with the 3rd double-sided tape 263.Between described interface column 261 and the inwall of described through hole 222, be provided with the 3rd silicon substrate structure glue 264.Interface firmly one end of 261 is connected with the second mozzle 142 or the 3rd mozzle 143, and the other end passes glass back plate 22.Adopt this kind of structure, water conservancy diversion interface 26 can not only be connected with thermal-collecting tube, can also guarantee that the chamber 24 of double glazing 2 is all the time in air-tight state.
Further, in order to reach better dry and effect of heat insulation, airtight chamber 24 is interior can be filled with inert gas, and described inert gas is a kind of in argon gas, nitrogen, Krypton.Airtight chamber 24 can also be in vacuum state.Airtight chamber 24 is interior can be filled with dry air, and described solar energy conversion equipment also comprises the molecular sieve 29 that is positioned at described airtight chamber 24 and is fixedly connected with described frame.Molecular sieve 29 can further be dried the air in chamber 24.
Further, in airtight chamber 24, be also provided with temperature control equipment, temperature control equipment comprise be positioned at airtight chamber 24 for measuring thermometer and the controller for permeable medium is controlled of airtight chamber's 24 temperature.Controller can be the devices such as flow valve, control valve.When the temperature of thermometer measure and the optimum working temperature of crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 depart to some extent, controller regulates permeable medium, so that the temperature in airtight chamber 24 meets the optimum working temperature of crystal silicon solar energy battery.General, the optimum working temperature of crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 is 25 ℃, and the temperature in Ji Dang airtight chamber 24 is during higher than 25 degrees Celsius, and controller is by the more permeable medium of input, make outwards output more heat transfer of thermal-collecting tube 14, to reduce the temperature in airtight chamber 24; Temperature in airtight chamber 24 is during lower than 25 ℃, and controller, by the less permeable medium of input, makes the outwards less energy of output of thermal-collecting tube 14, to improve the temperature in airtight chamber 24.In addition, temperature control equipment is also avoided the safety problem such as caused short-circuit fire of product Yin Gaowen in prior art.Once excess Temperature, as previously mentioned, temperature control equipment gets started work initiatively to reduce the temperature of the element in the utility model, has improved like this security performance of product, has reduced the application risk of product.
In addition, the recovery utilization rate of solar energy conversion equipment of the present utility model is greater than 90 percent, for example: face glass 21 and glass back plate 22 are bonded on frame 23 by butyl rubber 271 and the first double-sided tape 272, disassembling of can can't harm by use blade cuts open; The recyclable regeneration of silicon substrate structure glue; 23 frames and collecting plate 11 can can't harm disassembles recycling or reclaiming one-tenth; Crystal silicon solar energy battery 13 can be used the harmless disengaging recycling of physics mode or reclaiming to become with insulating heat-conductive film 12; The disassembled recycling of each tube connector and connecting line.
The invention also discloses a kind of building material, it comprises above-mentioned solar energy conversion equipment.Wherein, face glass 21 can be toughened glass, and glass back plate 22 can be toughened glass.
Building material in the utility model can adopt in prior art double glazing 2 as the structure of ornament materials, the back side that is glass back plate 22 is provided with connecting portion, connecting portion can be fixedly connected by screw thread or viscose and support, so that building material is fastened in the main body of building.And the support of building is positioned at the body interior of building, so the support of building can not be subject to extraneous corrosion and interference.Because double glazing 2 has good heat preservation property, this is because the front of face glass 21 and the back side of glass back plate 22 are isolated by airtight chamber 24, to intercept the front of face glass 21 and the back side of glass back plate, by double glazing 2, conduct heat, reduce the thermal loss of solar energy conversion equipment.Therefore the building material in the utility model can be arranged on each facade or the roof of building.Preferably, building material can be positioned at east, south, west or roof.The production capacity benefit of building material in the utility model under same homalographic is the more than 2 times of prior art, if reasonable installation, can meet energy consumption compare great industrial park, hospital, hotel, school, commercial square and the concentrated facility energy demands such as high residential building, low layer commercial residential building, rural area house owed by a citizen and booth have rich clean energy resource to input public power supply and heating net, avoid prior art to install on ground, saved a large amount of facility carriers and valuable land resource.
Building material in the utility model has the complete function of double glazing 2 for building, if also substituted the miscellaneous part that solar power generation and heat collecting module etc. are installed.Double glazing, crystal silicon solar energy battery, hollow thermal-collecting tube are installed relatively respectively, and the building material maximum using in the utility model is installed carrier space and has been saved land resource.Relatively repeat to install generating, heating module, solar energy conversion equipment, the building material in the utility model has been saved required consumptive material greatly, has more saved the cost of labor in links.
Each embodiment in this specification all adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and each embodiment stresses is the difference with other embodiment, between each embodiment identical similar part mutually referring to.
Above-described embodiment is only explanation technical conceive of the present utility model and feature, and its object is to allow person skilled in the art can understand content of the present utility model and implement according to this, can not limit protection range of the present utility model with this.All equivalences of doing according to the utility model Spirit Essence change or modify, within all should being encompassed in protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (11)

1. a solar energy conversion equipment, it comprises energy conversion module, described energy conversion module comprises collecting plate, be installed in the crystal silicon solar energy battery on described collecting plate, be installed on described collecting plate and with the thermal-collecting tube of described collecting plate phase thermal coupling, described crystal silicon solar energy battery and described thermal-collecting tube lay respectively at the opposite side of described collecting plate, it is characterized in that: described solar energy conversion equipment also comprises double glazing, described double glazing comprises face glass, glass back plate, frame, described frame is tightly connected to enclose with described face glass and described glass back plate the chamber that formation one is airtight respectively mutually, described energy conversion module is placed in described chamber, the crystal silicon solar energy battery of described energy conversion module is facing to the described face glass of light side, the two ends of described crystal silicon solar energy battery are electrically connected mutually with two photovoltaic junction boxes that are positioned at described glass back plate place respectively, the two ends of described thermal-collecting tube are connected with two water conservancy diversion interfaces that are positioned at described glass back plate place respectively.
2. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described frame comprises that formation " returns " the metal edges framework of font, is set in the first silicon substrate structure glue outside described metal edges framework, at described metal edges framework, be provided with fluid sealant respectively and between described face glass and described glass back plate, between described crystal silicon solar energy battery and described collecting plate, be provided with insulating heat-conductive film.
3. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described fluid sealant comprises butyl rubber and the first double-sided tape, described butyl rubber is positioned at the outside of described the first double-sided tape, and described butyl rubber is in close proximity to described the first silicon substrate structure glue.
4. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described solar energy conversion equipment also comprises that two can dock the thermal-arrest pipe clamp that is set in outside described thermal-collecting tube, are located in the stay tube on described thermal-arrest pipe clamp, and described stay tube and described frame are fixedly connected.
5. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: between described stay tube and described frame, be also provided with holder, teflon tube, one end of described holder and described frame plug, and the other end of described holder, teflon tube and stay tube be socket successively mutually.
6. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described glass back plate, offer through hole, described photovoltaic junction box comprises the binding post being located in described through hole, described crystal silicon solar energy battery is welded and fixed mutually with the binding post that is positioned at described chamber, the first hold-down nut is fixedly connected with the binding post being positioned at outside described chamber, on described binding post, be coated with successively from the inside to the outside electronics silica gel and electron pouring sealant, at described binding post and described glass back plate, between the side in chamber, be provided with the second double-sided tape, between described binding post and the inwall of described through hole, be provided with the second silicon substrate structure glue.
7. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described glass back plate, offer through hole, described water conservancy diversion interface comprises the interface column that is located in described through hole, by screw thread, is fixedly connected on the second hold-down nut in described interface column, in described interface column and described glass back plate, between the side in chamber, be provided with the 3rd double-sided tape, between described interface column and the inwall of described through hole, be provided with the 3rd silicon substrate structure glue.
8. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described airtight chamber, be filled with inert gas, described inert gas is a kind of in argon gas, nitrogen, Krypton.
9. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described airtight chamber is in vacuum state.
10. solar energy conversion equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described airtight chamber, be filled with dry air, described solar energy conversion equipment also comprises the molecular sieve that is positioned at described airtight chamber and is fixedly connected with described frame.
11. 1 kinds of building materials, it is characterized in that: it comprises the solar energy conversion equipment as one of claim 1 to 10, the back side of described glass back plate is provided with the connecting portion for fixing with described building support, described face glass is toughened glass, and described glass back plate is toughened glass.
CN201420140331.0U 2014-03-26 2014-03-26 Solar energy conversion device and building material with energy conversion device Withdrawn - After Issue CN203859132U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103872165A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-06-18 程海兵 Solar energy conversion device and building material with same

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103872165A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-06-18 程海兵 Solar energy conversion device and building material with same

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