CN203827796U - Three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse - Google Patents

Three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203827796U
CN203827796U CN201320795520.7U CN201320795520U CN203827796U CN 203827796 U CN203827796 U CN 203827796U CN 201320795520 U CN201320795520 U CN 201320795520U CN 203827796 U CN203827796 U CN 203827796U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
plate
room
preserving
chamber
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320795520.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王金利
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Individual
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The utility model relates to a three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse which comprises a steel support (10), a heat-preserving sun shielding cotton quilt (11), an outer wall heat-preserving waterproof decoration plate (12), an inner wall heat preserving plate (13), a planting room (14), a mushroom room (15), a drying room (16), a heat-storage water pond (17), a heat pump (18), a solar photoelectric-thermal integrated plate (19), a light-transmitting waterproof heat preserving plate (20), a polystyrene board heat preserving layer (21) and an exhaust fan (22). The two faces of the heat-preserving sun shielding cotton quilt (11) are coated with infrared reflection coatings, and the heat-preserving sun shielding cotton quilt (11) is arranged under the light-transmitting waterproof heat preserving plate (20) in the planting room (14). According to the three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse, the greenhouse is divided into the planting room, the mushroom room, the drying room and the heat-storage fishpond, the utilization rate of the greenhouse land is greatly improved, the overwintering problem of the greenhouse can be solved without an auxiliary heat source, and the three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse is simple in manufacturing, low in manufacturing cost, short in construction period and high in benefit, and is a modern agricultural facility which has great application value.

Description

A kind of Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural greenhouse technology, belongs to modern installations agricultural technology field, is specifically related to the manufacture technology field of a kind of Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse.
Background technology
Industrialized agriculture technology is all actively being promoted in various places at present, and especially modern sun glasshouse has more obtained large-area applying.But the sun glasshouse of prior art cannot rely on the problem of passing the winter that self solves cold district in winter, need to burn coal or electricity consumption heating is passed the winter, not only increased cost, but also contaminated environment.When summer, solar irradiation was sufficient, the sun glasshouse of prior art cannot solve cooling problem and form overheated hot environment, and crops cannot be grown.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the above-mentioned weak point of existing sun glasshouse technology, thereby provides a kind of sun glasshouse self-energy of can utilizing to solve the pass the winter novel solid Multifunctional sunlight greenhouse of problem, over-heating in summer problem of warming.
The features such as it has ant wind load, anti-snow load, safe and reliable, the life-span is long, cost is low, function is complete, income is high and applied widely.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse, comprises steel bracket (10), insulation sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11), exterior wall thermal-insulation water-proof decoration plate (12), heat insulating inner wall plate (13), plantation chamber (14), bacterium room (15), drying chamber (16), thermal storage tank (17), heat pump (18), solar energy electric heating integrated board (19), printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20), polyphenyl plate heat preserving floor (21) and ventilation fan (22); Described insulation sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11) dual coating is infrared-reflecting coated, is installed on the below of the printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) in plantation chamber (14), and printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) is double-deck polycarbonate sunshine board or insulating glass unit; Plantation chamber (14) and bacterium room (15) upper space are drying chamber (16); Thermal storage tank (17) is arranged at the bottom of plantation chamber (14), and the ground of plantation chamber (14) and bacterium room (15) is provided with polyphenyl plate heat preserving floor (21); The heat that solar energy electric heating integrated board (19) is collected is stored in thermal storage tank (17) after heat pump (18) promotes.
Adopt the Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse of above-mentioned technology, plantation He Jun room, chamber is divided into two parts, can accurately control different temperature and humidities.
Plantation relative bacterium room, chamber needs high temperature, and generally the chamber of plantation needs the temperature of 25-30 degrees Celsius; Bacterium room needs the temperature of 0-20 degrees Celsius.
By sunshine, the plantation chamber of abundance is placed in south orientation on the sunny side, can fully absorb the room temperature that sunlight improves plantation chamber, the bacterium room that does not need sunshine and high temperature is placed in to the positive north orientation of the back of the body, and bacterium room is arranged in the shadow region at sunshine that can make full use of between greenhouse, has saved valuable land resources.
Plantation He Jun room, chamber all needs ventilation, and plantation chamber need to be discharged the oxygen of Plant emission, and carbon dioxide is introduced; The carbon dioxide that bacterium room need to discharge mushroom is discharged, and oxygen is introduced: the gas that plantation He Jun room, chamber need to be introduced and discharge is just in time contrary, can complement each other.
Described ventilation fan (22) is dual direction ventilating fan, and the oxygen that the carbon dioxide that plantation chamber is needed and bacterium room need is exchange automatically under the control of computer.
If need to heat up in plantation chamber or bacterium room needs cooling, the utility model utilizes heat pump ventilation technology, and the gas of two different spaces in plantation He Jun room, chamber oxygen and carbon dioxide gas body burden, different humidity requirement, different temperature requirements as required exchanged after heat pump automatic heating or cooling, automatic humidification or dehumidifying again.
The air in described He Jun room, plantation chamber is not to exchange with natural air, thereby avoided the energy consumption of bringing to because natural air is excessively cold, overheated greenhouse heat-insulating, cooling, also avoided oxygen content that the carbon dioxide gas body burden in natural air grows in required ratio, natural air lower than plant efficient lower than the drawback of the mushroom required scale effect plant of efficient growth and fungus grown.
The utility model by dual coating infrared-reflecting coated insulation sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11) be arranged at the below of the printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) in plantation chamber (14), during night in winter, by computer, controlling Automaitc shade-rolling machine spreads out being incubated the track of sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11) along steel bracket (10), played the effect of insulation, stopped the intrusion of cold current, guaranteed that Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse passes the winter smoothly.
Winter the sun out after, by computer, controlling Automaitc shade-rolling machine rolls along the track of steel bracket (10) being incubated sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11), sunray sees through printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) and has shone into plantation chamber (14), and the room temperature of planting chamber (14) is raise.
Noon in summer, sunray was crossed when strong, controls Automaitc shade-rolling machine spread out being incubated the track of sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11) along steel bracket (10) by computer, had played the effect of sunshading and temperature reducing
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the sectional schematic diagram of the utility model Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is illustrated.
Fig. 1 is the sectional schematic diagram of the utility model Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse, as shown in Figure 1, Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse, comprises steel bracket (10), insulation sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11), exterior wall thermal-insulation water-proof decoration plate (12), heat insulating inner wall plate (13), plantation chamber (14), bacterium room (15), drying chamber (16), thermal storage tank (17), heat pump (18), solar energy electric heating integrated board (19), printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20), polyphenyl plate heat preserving floor (21) and ventilation fan (22); Described insulation sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11) dual coating is infrared-reflecting coated, is installed on the below of the printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) in plantation chamber (14), and printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) is double-deck polycarbonate sunshine board or insulating glass unit; Plantation chamber (14) and bacterium room (15) upper space are drying chamber (16); Thermal storage tank (17) is arranged at the bottom of plantation chamber (14), and the ground of plantation chamber (14) and bacterium room (15) is provided with polyphenyl plate heat preserving floor (21); The heat that solar energy electric heating integrated board (19) is collected is stored in thermal storage tank (17) after heat pump (18) promotes.
Described thermal storage tank (17) is placed in the foot in greenhouse, locates below ground level, and thermal storage tank (17) top is plantation chamber (14), the Shi Jun room, north (15) of plantation chamber (14), and the top of bacterium room (15) is drying chamber (16).
Plantation top, chamber (14) arranges printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20), and the bottom of printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) is insulation sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11); The top in bacterium room (15) arranges exterior wall thermal-insulation water-proof decoration plate (12).
Described solar energy electric heating integrated board (19) is arranged at the top of exterior wall thermal-insulation water-proof decoration plate (12).Solar photoelectric integrated board (19) can provide electric power except meeting the electricity consumption of Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse own the whole year, and unnecessary electric power can also flow to electrical network.
The compound flat-plate solar collector in described solar energy electric heating integrated board (19) back side gets up the heat collection producing in solar energy electric heating integrated board (19) power generation process be transferred in thermal storage tank by heat pump by day, at night, without the solar time, heat pump is discharged into through heat exchanger the heat of accumulating in thermal storage tank (17) in plantation chamber (14) again.
What described plantation chamber (14) adopted is stereoscopic multi-layer hydroponics mode, can save a large amount of soils.
What described bacterium room (15) also adopted is that stereoscopic multi-layer is cultivated mushroom mode, has saved equally a large amount of soils.
Described thermal storage tank (17) can cultivate tropic fishes and famous and precious fancy fishes, has improved the economic benefit of Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse.
Multifunctional stereo described in the utility model sun glasshouse is that a kind of economic benefit is high, energy-saving and environmental protecting, simple in structure, cost is low, has the green house modern installations agrotechnique compared with larger market prospect.

Claims (5)

1. a Multifunctional stereo sun glasshouse, comprises steel bracket (10), insulation sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11), exterior wall thermal-insulation water-proof decoration plate (12), heat insulating inner wall plate (13), plantation chamber (14), bacterium room (15), drying chamber (16), thermal storage tank (17), heat pump (18), solar energy electric heating integrated board (19), printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20), polyphenyl plate heat preserving floor (21) and ventilation fan (22); It is characterized in that: described insulation sunshade cotton-wadded quilt (11) dual coating is infrared-reflecting coated, the below that is installed on the printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) in plantation chamber (14), printing opacity water-proof heat-insulating slab (20) is double-deck polycarbonate sunshine board or insulating glass unit; Plantation chamber (14) and bacterium room (15) upper space are drying chamber (16); Thermal storage tank (17) is arranged at the bottom of plantation chamber (14), and the ground of plantation chamber (14) and bacterium room (15) is provided with polyphenyl plate heat preserving floor (21); The heat that solar energy electric heating integrated board (19) is collected is stored in thermal storage tank (17) after heat pump (18) promotes.
2. multifunctional stereo according to claim 1 sun glasshouse, is characterized in that: described exterior wall thermal-insulation water-proof decoration plate (12) is the on-the-spot compound insulating material of individual layer circular arc color steel or the color steel sandwiched heat insulation board of fold-line-shaped.
3. multifunctional stereo according to claim 1 sun glasshouse, is characterized in that: described plantation chamber (14) and bacterium room (15) adopt three dimensional-planting-breeding to plant mode.
4. multifunctional stereo according to claim 1 sun glasshouse, is characterized in that: the thickness of the polyphenyl plate heat preserving floor (21) of described plantation chamber (14) and the ground of bacterium room (15) and basic metope is 20-200 millimeters of heat-insulation layers (21).
5. multifunctional stereo according to claim 1 sun glasshouse, is characterized in that: described solar energy electric heating integrated board (19) is composited by solar energy power generating plate and the flat-plate solar collector that contains runner.
CN201320795520.7U 2013-12-06 2013-12-06 Three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN203827796U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320795520.7U CN203827796U (en) 2013-12-06 2013-12-06 Three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320795520.7U CN203827796U (en) 2013-12-06 2013-12-06 Three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203827796U true CN203827796U (en) 2014-09-17

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ID=51505701

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320795520.7U Expired - Fee Related CN203827796U (en) 2013-12-06 2013-12-06 Three-dimensional multifunctional sunlight greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203827796U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104397851A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-03-11 鲁宏 All-weather efficient solar drying box and greenhouse
CN107168419A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-09-15 青岛理工大学 Photovoltaic integrated application intelligent agricultural greenhouse system
CN107494063A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-12-22 农业部规划设计研究院 The cultivating facility and method of mushroom dish symbiosis
CN111543218A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-08-18 黑龙江八一农垦大学 High latitude multifunctional sunlight greenhouse

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104397851A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-03-11 鲁宏 All-weather efficient solar drying box and greenhouse
CN107168419A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-09-15 青岛理工大学 Photovoltaic integrated application intelligent agricultural greenhouse system
CN107494063A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-12-22 农业部规划设计研究院 The cultivating facility and method of mushroom dish symbiosis
CN111543218A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-08-18 黑龙江八一农垦大学 High latitude multifunctional sunlight greenhouse

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140917

Termination date: 20151206

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model