CN203820610U - Integral ecological landscape device using domestic wastewater - Google Patents

Integral ecological landscape device using domestic wastewater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203820610U
CN203820610U CN201420271867.6U CN201420271867U CN203820610U CN 203820610 U CN203820610 U CN 203820610U CN 201420271867 U CN201420271867 U CN 201420271867U CN 203820610 U CN203820610 U CN 203820610U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sewage
casing
settlement
water
resolver
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420271867.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
税永红
冯西宁
李巧巧
黄姗
魏玉君
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Chengdu Textile College
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Chengdu Textile College
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Priority to CN201420271867.6U priority Critical patent/CN203820610U/en
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Publication of CN203820610U publication Critical patent/CN203820610U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integral ecological landscape device using domestic wastewater. The integral ecological landscape device is an integral and detachable device, and comprises a wastewater sedimentation and decomposition area, a plant cultivation area, a rear water collection section area and an aquatic animal breeding and viewing area. The wastewater sedimentation and decomposition area is divided into a first anaerobic pool and a second anaerobic pool. The plant cultivation area is divided into a first box body, a second box body and a third box body, and is filled with a substrate material. A submerged pump is arranged in a water collection box. The aquatic animal breeding and viewing box is arranged at the upper part of the wastewater sedimentation and decomposition area. The integral ecological landscape device adopts household discharged wastewater as a water source, as a result, the purpose of water economization achieved owing to the domestic wastewater treatment is achieved, furthermore, automatic irrigation for flower landscape is obtained, and an aquatic animal tank runs without changing water.

Description

Use the integration ecological landscape device of sanitary sewage
Technical field
The utility model relates to the landscape integrated device of the ecological symbiosis of a kind of running water.
Background technology
Cultivation of ornamental fish and plantation landscape plant are family and many public places one of the conventional methods of beautifying the environment, when beautifying the living environment, also can cultivate edible nuisanceless fish or plantation organic vegetable, to guarantee food safety, guarantee the healthy of household, be subject to people to arrive increasing concern.
Existing hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case is mainly a transparent casing, in casing, pack artificial hillock and waterplant landscape into, a water pump is generally also set in casing, water in casing is extracted into case top, flow back to again in casing, realize the circulation of water body, and reach certain aeration effect, to increase the dissolved oxygen in water, it is fish oxygen supply.The shortcoming of this class hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case is, need refresh the water periodically, changing water not only bothers, and water consumption is large, the size that each quantity of exchanged water is looked hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case, is generally 0.5~2 cubic metre, if change water not in time, in the long case of the Shui nationality, water quality deterioration can cause view vision to decline, and even causes the death of aquarium fish.
Existing plant growing view generally adopts potted-plant-type, or larger colored platform.This class is potted plant or spend platform to require at least three days needs to water once, and needs the fertilising of intermittent, due to management trouble, causes green plant growing way unstable, and capacity is withered.
At this simultaneously, family life all can produce a large amount of sanitary sewages every day, and this class sanitary sewage is rich in the nutritive substances such as nitrogen, phosphorus, organic abundant, and these nutritive substances to be just in time animals and plants grow necessary element.At present China's family domestic sewage is that centralized collection is included sewage work in and focused on the one hand, and another side has a large amount of sanitary sewages directly to discharge without any processing.A large amount of rows of sanitary sewage, the part of centralized collection brings pressure can to the municipal treatment facility of wretched insufficiency, and undressed part can be brought havoc to environment again.
In addition, the generation of increasing food safety affair, allows people easily obtain safe food and has become a kind of prestige that relates to.
In order to overcome the above problems, people have proposed a lot of terms of settlement, one of them is the ecological agriculture technology of " fish, dish symbiosis ", at patent L2009200719724, provide a kind of culture water purifying device, the water of cultured fishes, for planting plants, is back to fishpond by the water after planting plants again and breeds fish.Patent 2012207176595 also provides the hydroponic device of " fish, dish symbiosis " that a kind of fish farming case that adopts multilayer vegetable frame and bottom forms.
The patent of similar techniques also has a lot, but applicant thinks, above technology is considered comprehensive not in design, and as a lot of same devices design and be not suitable for family expenses, water treatment capacity is extremely low, and practical effect is poor.Or be much that the product of family's Specialty Design effect in water treatment capacity is not enough, and most products supplementary feed all uses tap water, cause again water resource waste.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the above problems, the integration ecological landscape device of the use sanitary sewage that the utility model provides, for body structure, by leading portion, stage casing, back segment three parts, formed, leading portion is that settlement of sewage resolver, stage casing are that plant growing district, back segment are catchment area, on top, settlement of sewage resolver, hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case 3 are set, and hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case can freely assemble and discharge.
On settlement of sewage resolver, connect water inlet pipe 6, for inputting sanitary sewage, water inlet pipe can be inputted particulate matter precipitation in sewage in settlement of sewage resolver, and bottom, settlement of sewage resolver is provided with sewage draining exit.The dividing plate in carry potential overflow hole is divided into the first anaerobic pond 8 and the second anaerobic pond 9 by settlement of sewage resolver, and dividing plate can prevent that undressed floating grease from entering next unit, hangs microbial film in anaerobic pond.On water inlet pipe, be not also equipped with firedamp drainage mouth 5, middle and upper part, settlement of sewage resolver is provided with filters sieve plate 7, for filtering the sewage flowing into from water inlet pipe.The second anaerobic pond top is provided with overflow weir and is connected with plant growing district.
Plant growing district is used for planting plants and purifies waste water, plant growing district is the first casing 10, the second casing 11, the 3rd casing 12 by baffle for separating, the first casing is connected with the overflow weir of the second casing by dividing plate top, the second casing is connected with the hole of the 3rd casing by dividing plate bottom, inserts substrate material 16 in plant growing district.The 3rd casing top is provided with overflow weir, is connected with header tank 13,
Header tank 13 is for storing the clear water after purification, the submersible pump 14 arranging in header tank.
Described hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case 3 is arranged on top, settlement of sewage resolver, for water scenery and fish farming, in hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case, be provided with upflow tube 2, be provided with filter cloth in upflow tube, upflow tube extend into the first casing 10 bottoms through at the bottom of hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case.
The integration ecological landscape device of use sanitary sewage as above, illustrate further into, between hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case and settler, be provided with Stilt layer 4, the high 5cm of Stilt layer 4, can be used for storing.
Described submersible pump 14 is provided with timer, for time opening with close submersible pump.
Substrate material in plant growing district is followed successively by cobble, useless brick, haydite shell mixed-matrix, cultivating soil from top to bottom.Kind of plant on cultivating soil.Haydite shell mixed-matrix packs non-woven fabrics filter cloth bag into and lays.The interior filling foul smell of firedamp drainage mouth 5 sorbing material, sorbing material packing height 10~15cm.
In header tank, be provided with view waterwheel.
The integration ecological landscape device of use sanitary sewage as above, illustrate further for, described main box length is 80~200cm, width is 30~35cm, the height of settlement of sewage resolver and plant growing district and header tank is 30~35cm, the head of district 30~45cm, the plant growing head of district 50~80cm, the long 30cm of header tank are decomposed in settlement of sewage.
Described water inlet pipe 6 diameter 2cm.
In firedamp drainage mouth 5, be filled with gac or other foul smell sorbing materials.The overflow port of the upflow tube 2 in hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case is arranged on apart from 24cm place at the bottom of hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case.
Water hole between the first anaerobic pond and the second anaerobic pond is arranged on apart from 35cm place at the bottom of case.
Filtration sieve plate in settlement of sewage resolver is arranged on apart from 45cm place at the bottom of case.
The overflow weir that the second anaerobic pond is connected with plant growing district is arranged on apart from 45cm place at the bottom of case.
The overflow weir that the first casing is connected with the second casing is arranged on apart from 36cm place at the bottom of case.
The overflow weir that the 3rd casing is connected with header tank is arranged on apart from 36cm place at the bottom of case.
Beneficial effect:
1, the utility model focuses on embodying ecological, environmental protective and green circulatory theory, the utility model is made water source with the sanitary sewage of family's discharge, a kind of garden organic vegetable or view flowers kind of integrating of design utility model put the device of irrigating with fish farming, both carry out family sewage disposal and reached water-saving object, realize again organic vegetable or view flowers kind is put automatic irrigation, can also gather in the crops nuisanceless fish.Realized " breed fish and do not change water, plant vegetables and do not apply fertilizer, supplementary feed is sanitary sewage ", allowed and between animal, plant, microorganism three, reach the collaborative symbiosis of science, realized sanitary sewage disposal simultaneously.
By every covering device, monthly consume 3.0 cubes of calculating of (evapotranspiration and biological autophage) water, 36 cubes, the per Spring Festival holidays tap water of the utility model, because this 36 side supplementary feed is sewage, every covering device is processed again sanitary sewage 36 sides simultaneously.If realize the popularity rate of 1% (0.16 hundred million) in China, China can reduce by 5.76 hundred million side's sanitary sewage discharges every year, by every side's tap water 1.3, calculates, and can save about 7.5 hundred million yuans, and its economic worth is very obvious.
2, the utility model floor space is little, and structure and size design meet average family house balcony or entrance garden structural requirement, meets family and uses, both can be placed on outdoor, also can be also placed in indoorly, can be placed on limit near the window, parlor or balcony, can put in the garden or on roof.Solved family's organic vegetable or landscape plant and fish symbiosis needs.
3, the utility model is simple in structure, reliable, is difficult for blocking, and product cost is low, running cost is low.
4, the utility model is when being used family's view; can also there is certain purifying domestic sewage processing power; if can realize certain popularity rate, its purify waste water effect and to water resources protection, be that tool is large, the economy producing, environment, society and educational value are immeasurable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure iron of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is use schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Embodiment mono-:
The present embodiment is by sewage water inlet pipe, and firedamp drainage mouth links together dexterously, and sewage water inlet pipe and firedamp drainage mouth are independent of each other.Waste gas exhaust pipe diameter 5cm,, long 10~15cm, in-built foul smell sorbing material, as gac.
The sheet material of making casing of the present utility model, comprises casing internal partition, selects erosion-resisting macromolecular material to make, as PVC, glass reinforced plastic etc.Transparent polymer material is selected in fishpond, as synthetic glass, makes and produces.
One water motor is installed in header tank, and the current that water motor flows out by the 3rd casing and the impact of recirculation water provide rotational power, form dynamic landscape.At the bottom of header tank, settle the box of a band door, in box, place timer, disinfection of effluent device and pump power wire are installed.Water motor can be arranged on the box of band door.In header tank and reserved sterilizer position.;
Main box is long is 120cm, and width is 35cm, and the height of settlement of sewage resolver and plant growing district and header tank is 35cm, and head of district 405cm, plant growing head of district 50cm are decomposed in settlement of sewage.Described water inlet pipe 6 diameter 2cm.
In firedamp drainage mouth 5, be filled with gac; The overflow port of the upflow tube 2 in hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case is arranged on apart from 24cm place at the bottom of hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case.
Overflow weir between elementary settler and two-stage precipitation case is arranged on apart from 35cm place at the bottom of case.Filtration sieve plate in settlement of sewage resolver is arranged on apart from 45cm place at the bottom of case.The overflow weir that two-stage precipitation Xiang Yu plant growing district connects is arranged on apart from 45cm place at the bottom of case.The overflow weir that the first casing is connected with the second casing is arranged on apart from 36cm place at the bottom of case.The overflow weir that the 3rd casing is connected with header tank is arranged on apart from 36cm place at the bottom of case.
The pipeline of water pump and hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case junctor is double-deck return line 1, inner tube water flowing, and outer tube can be used as vines plants and adheres to carrier and increase view effect.Microbial film dirt settling 17 is installed in settler, to increase water treatment capacity.
The present embodiment moves as follows:
The sanitary sewage delivery pipe that water inlet pipe of the present utility model is connected to residential building, for collecting sanitary sewage and filling into sanitary sewage.1), close firedamp drainage valve, open water inlet pipe, in the first precipitation casing, inject sanitary sewage, injection volume is 30L, injects sewage quantity every day according to system evaporation, transpiration and the supply of biological consumption loss amount, supply sanitary sewage amount is 2~8L.Sewage stops 3 days in settlement of sewage resolver, and the solid matter of large grain is precipitated, and macrobead thing is intercepted in the first anaerobic pond by plate washer, and macrobead organism is decomposed in hydrolysed ferment effect becomes bacterial metabolism product.Then from the middle part of the first anaerobic pond, flow into the second anaerobic pond, solid matter carries out all having precipitated.
2) water, precipitating through two-stage is from the bottom of first casing in the undercurrent plant growing district, top of the second anaerobic pond, the filtration of the matrix in Shui Jing plant growing district body, in plant growing district, flow from bottom to top, flow downward again, turning back of upwards flowing is again popular, to extend the distance of current process, current through the undercurrent of 2 days, carry out purification of water quality in plant growing district.
3), after purifying, from the middle and upper part of the 3rd casing, penetrate into header tank, and precipitation again, mainly remove the plant root whisker in water.
4), then water is pumped into hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case, for fish water; Hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case arranges overflow port, and the slow overflow of water having more imports the first casing.Submersible pump water outlet splits into two-way, and in a road stream and hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case 3, another road drives waterwheel to rotate, and two streams regulate and distribute the water yield by divider.Water pump started once at interval of 30 minutes, every task 30 minutes, each pump water 300L.
5) after the current abundance, in whole casings, close water intaking valve, and open biogas relief outlet, discharge the biogas producing in settler.
6) when current, in casing are inadequate, close firedamp drainage valve, open water inlet pipe, fill into sanitary sewage.
The utility model statistical effect: family domestic sewage pipe is all discharged a large amount of sanitary sewages every day, this class sanitary sewage is mainly kitchen waste water, this class sewage is organic waste water, contains a large amount of organic nutrient substances in water, and these organic nutrient substances are just in time that animals and plants growth is needed.After the integrated water of settler, plant growing district and header tank is processed, the Effects of Water Quality in hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case is:
Note judgement criteria has adopted respectively: urban wastewater treatment firm pollutant emission standard (GBl8918~2002), water quality standard for fishery (GBll607~89), consumable water of sight and amusement water quality standard (GBl2941~91) are evaluated.
As above effect shows, water quality is applicable to fish completely and uses.After water conditioning for the first time, water quality is applicable to fish and uses, and after circular treatment, water quality is more excellent.

Claims (3)

1. use the integration ecological landscape device of sanitary sewage, for body structure, leading portion, stage casing, back segment three parts, consist of, leading portion is that settlement of sewage resolver, stage casing are that plant growing district, back segment are catchment area, on top, settlement of sewage resolver, hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case (3) are set;
On settlement of sewage resolver, connect water inlet pipe (6), for inputting sanitary sewage, water inlet pipe can be inputted particulate matter precipitation in sewage in settlement of sewage resolver, and bottom, settlement of sewage resolver is provided with sewage draining exit; The dividing plate in carry potential overflow hole is divided into the first anaerobic pond (8) and the second anaerobic pond (9) by settlement of sewage resolver, and dividing plate can prevent that undressed floating grease from entering next unit, hangs microbial film in anaerobic pond; On water inlet pipe, be not also equipped with firedamp drainage mouth (5), middle and upper part, settlement of sewage resolver is provided with filters sieve plate (7), for filtering the sewage flowing into from water inlet pipe; The second anaerobic pond top is provided with overflow weir and is connected with plant growing district;
Plant growing district is used for planting plants and purifies waste water, plant growing district is the first casing (10), the second casing (11), the 3rd casing (12) by baffle for separating, the first casing is connected with the overflow weir of the second casing by dividing plate top, the second casing is connected with the hole of the 3rd casing by dividing plate bottom, inserts substrate material (16) in plant growing district; The 3rd casing top is provided with overflow weir, is connected with header tank (13);
(13 for storing the clear water after purification, the submersible pump (14) arranging in header tank for header tank;
Described hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case (3) is arranged on top, settlement of sewage resolver, for water scenery and fish farming, in hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case, be provided with upflow tube (2), in upflow tube, be provided with filter cloth, upflow tube is through extending into the first casing (10) bottom at the bottom of hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case.
2. the integration ecological landscape device of use sanitary sewage as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, is provided with Stilt layer (4) between hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case and settler, and the high 5cm of Stilt layer (4), can be used for storing;
Described submersible pump (14) is provided with timer, for time opening with close submersible pump;
Substrate material in plant growing district is followed successively by cobble, useless brick, haydite shell mixed-matrix, cultivating soil from top to bottom; Kind of plant on cultivating soil; Haydite shell mixed-matrix packs non-woven fabrics filter cloth bag into and lays; In firedamp drainage mouth (5), load foul smell sorbing material, sorbing material packing height 10~15cm;
In header tank, be provided with view waterwheel.
3. the integration ecological landscape device of use sanitary sewage as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described main box length is 80~200cm, width is 30~35cm, the height of settlement of sewage resolver and plant growing district and header tank is 30~35cm, the head of district 30~45cm, the plant growing head of district 50~80cm, the long 30cm of header tank are decomposed in settlement of sewage; Plant growing section length also can lengthen according to environment and family's demand, to plant more plants, processes more sanitary sewage;
Described water inlet pipe (6) diameter 2cm;
In firedamp drainage mouth (5), be filled with gac or other foul smell sorbing materials; The overflow port of the upflow tube (2) in hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case is arranged on apart from 24cm place at the bottom of hydrocoles cultivation of ornamental case;
Water hole between the first anaerobic pond and the second anaerobic pond is arranged on apart from 35cm place at the bottom of case;
Filtration sieve plate in settlement of sewage resolver is arranged on apart from 45cm place at the bottom of case;
The overflow weir that the second anaerobic pond is connected with plant growing district is arranged on apart from 45cm place at the bottom of case;
The overflow weir that the first casing is connected with the second casing is arranged on apart from 36cm place at the bottom of case;
The overflow weir that the 3rd casing is connected with header tank is arranged on apart from 36cm place at the bottom of case.
CN201420271867.6U 2014-05-16 2014-05-16 Integral ecological landscape device using domestic wastewater Withdrawn - After Issue CN203820610U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103964648A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-08-06 成都纺织高等专科学校 Integrated ecological landscape device using domestic sewage and running water circulation method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103964648A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-08-06 成都纺织高等专科学校 Integrated ecological landscape device using domestic sewage and running water circulation method

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GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140910

Effective date of abandoning: 20161005