CN203782627U - Air purification dust suction vehicle - Google Patents

Air purification dust suction vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203782627U
CN203782627U CN201420113317.1U CN201420113317U CN203782627U CN 203782627 U CN203782627 U CN 203782627U CN 201420113317 U CN201420113317 U CN 201420113317U CN 203782627 U CN203782627 U CN 203782627U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air purification
dust
exhaust apparatus
pipe
wet type
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420113317.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨波
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杨波
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Priority to CN201420113317.1U priority Critical patent/CN203782627U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203782627U publication Critical patent/CN203782627U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust

Abstract

The utility model relates to a dust suction vehicle, particularly to an air purification dust suction vehicle. The dust suction vehicle comprises a vehicle body, a dust suction device loaded on the vehicle body, and an ash bin communicated with a discharge opening in the dust suction device, wherein the dust suction device comprises a sucking disc, a gravity settling chamber, an inertial settling chamber, a cyclone dust remover, a fan, a coagulation device, a wet type Venturi scrubber, a circulating water tank and a first water pump. According to the utility model, three-stage dust removal is carried out first to remove solid particles with the size of larger than 3 microns, then, purification is further carried out through the coagulation device and the wet type Venturi scrubber, and finally, the particle sizes of dust which is exhausted out of air flows are smaller than 0.1 micron; the cleanliness of the exhausted air is greatly increased, the function of cleaning road surfaces can be realized, and at the same time, the dust in the sucked air can be effectively removed, and the exhausted air can be purified, so that the air purification dust suction vehicle equals to an air purification device.

Description

Air purification vacuum sweeper
Technical field
The utility model relates to vacuum sweeper, relates in particular to a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper.
Background technology
China in 05Yue24,2012 Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection has just announced < < air quality new standard first stage monitoring embodiment > >, and old-fashioned vacuum sweeper due to design typification early, do not consider pm2.5 emission request, dust removing effects is poor.Only have in the market the best vacuum sweeper of a small amount of use to only include 3-stage dust-removal device, large-scale solid refuse and dust can be deposited to ash silo, through 3-stage dust-removal, can remove at most solid particles more than 2 μ m, solid micronic dust in final air-flow of discharging within the scope of pm2.5 is still very many, gas is very dirty, environment and human body are had to adverse influence, especially instantly, China's environment pollution is very serious, the haze weather of Middle Eastern is of common occurrence, makes people's trip and normal life be subject to serious impact.
Therefore, be necessary existing dedusting car to improve, make the clean level of the gas that finally ejects higher, avoid secondary pollution.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of good dedusting effect, has the vacuum sweeper of the function purifying air.
The utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of air purification vacuum sweeper, the ash silo that comprises car body, loads on the dust exhaust apparatus on car body and be communicated with the discharge port of dust exhaust apparatus, described dust exhaust apparatus comprises sucker, gravity settling chamber, inertia settling chamber, cyclone dust collectors and the blower fan connecting successively, dust exhaust apparatus also comprises wet type venturi scrubber, circulating water pool and the first water pump, and described fan outlet is connected with the import of wet type venturi scrubber;
The water inlet pipe of described the first water pump is communicated with circulating water pool, and the outlet pipe of the first water pump is communicated with the trunnion place of the Venturi tube of wet type venturi scrubber front end.
As further improvement of the utility model, described dust exhaust apparatus also comprises the coalescer being arranged between blower fan and wet type venturi scrubber, the outlet pipe of described the first water pump passes in coalescer by a minute branching pipe, and the terminal of described minute branching pipe is provided with atomizer.
As further improvement of the utility model, on described circulating water pool, be provided with heating system.
As further improvement of the utility model, described heating system comprises recirculated water feed pipe and recirculated water return pipe, and circulating water pool is connected with the motor of blower fan with recirculated water return pipe by recirculated water feed pipe.
As further improvement of the utility model, described dust exhaust apparatus also comprises mud pit, and the bottom discharge openings of described wet type venturi scrubber is communicated with mud pit.
As further improvement of the utility model, mud pit top is communicated with circulating water pool by pipeline.
As further improvement of the utility model, described dust exhaust apparatus also comprises the second water pump, and the second pump water inlet is connected with circulating water pool, and outlet pipe is connected with the atomizer that is arranged on ash silo discharge port place.
As further improvement of the utility model, the outlet of the automobile exhaust pipe of described car body is arranged at the import department of sucker.
As further improvement of the utility model, the exhaust pipe of engine of blower fan is connected with the pipeline of dust exhaust apparatus.
Dust exhaust apparatus described in the utility model is specially following structure: it comprises sucker, gravity settling chamber, inertia settling chamber, cyclone dust collectors, blower fan, coalescer, wet type venturi scrubber, circulating water pool and the first water pump, the gas outlet of described sucker is connected by the air inlet port of pipeline and gravity settling chamber, the gas outlet of gravity settling chamber is connected by the air inlet port of pipeline and inertia settling chamber, the outlet of inertia settling chamber is connected with the import of cyclone dust collectors, import is connected with blower fan in the outlet of cyclone dust collectors, the outlet of blower fan is connected with the import of coalescer, the outlet of coalescer is connected with the import of wet type venturi scrubber,
The water inlet pipe of described the first water pump is communicated with circulating water pool, the outlet pipe of the first water pump is divided into two arms, an arm passes in coalescer, and its terminal is provided with atomizer, and another arm is communicated with the trunnion place of the Venturi tube of wet type venturi scrubber entrance front end.
Good effect of the present utility model is as follows:
The utility model first passes through 3-stage dust-removal, can remove solid particles more than 3 μ m, and then further purify through coalescer and wet type venturi scrubber, micronic dust granularity in final air-flow of discharging is less than 0.1 μ m, the cleaning gas degree of discharging improves greatly, when can realize the function on clean road surface, also the air of suction has been carried out to effective udst separation, be equivalent to an air cleaning unit.
Heating system is set, in case while using in cold district, water freezing causes device normally not use in circulating water pool.By circulating water pool, by recirculated water feed pipe, be connected with the motor of blower fan with recirculated water return pipe; can effectively to the water on recirculated water ground, heat; effectively utilized motor operation is the heat producing simultaneously; energy conservation; also give engine cooling; play the effect of protection motor, reduced the running cost of equipment.
The discharge port of wet type venturi scrubber is communicated with mud pit, can processes separately the mud of discharging, mud pit top is communicated with circulating water pool by pipeline, can recycle-water resource reuse.
The discharge port place of ash silo is provided with atomizer, and is supplied water by the second water pump by circulating water pool, and while preventing ash silo discharging, flying dust produces secondary pollution.
The outlet of the automobile exhaust pipe of car body is arranged on to the import department of sucker, the tail gas that automobile is discharged enters purified treatment in dust arrester, reduces the pollution of vehicle exhaust to environment.
The exhaust pipe of engine of blower fan is connected with cleaning shaft, and tail gas enters purified treatment in dust pelletizing system, and car load is realized non-exhaust emission.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the syndeton schematic diagram of the utility model dust exhaust apparatus each several part;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the utility model overall structure schematic diagram.
In the accompanying drawings: 1 sucker, 2 gravity settling chambers, 3 inertia settling chambers, 4 cyclone dust collectors, 5 blower fans, 5-1 motor, 6 coalescers, 7 wet type venturi scrubbers, 7-1 Venturi tube, 8 mud pits, 9 circulating water pools, 10 first water pumps, 11 automobile exhaust pipes, 12 ash silos, 13 second water pumps.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
A kind of air purification vacuum sweeper as shown in accompanying drawing 1,2, it comprises car body and load on the dust exhaust apparatus on car body, and described dust exhaust apparatus comprises sucker 1, gravity settling chamber 2, inertia settling chamber 3, cyclone dust collectors 4, blower fan 5, coalescer 6, wet type venturi scrubber 7, mud pit 8, circulating water pool 9, the first water pump 10, the second water pump 13 and ash silo 12.Blower fan 5 runs up, make dust exhaust apparatus produce air-flow, it is the power source of whole dust exhaust apparatus, the gas outlet of described sucker 1 is connected with the air inlet port of gravity settling chamber 2 by pipeline, the gas outlet of gravity settling chamber 2 is connected with the air inlet port of inertia settling chamber 3 by pipeline, the outlet of inertia settling chamber 3 is connected with the import of cyclone dust collectors 4, 5 imports are connected with blower fan in the outlet of cyclone dust collectors 4, the outlet of blower fan 5 is connected with the import of coalescer 6, the outlet of coalescer 6 is connected with the import of wet type venturi scrubber 7, the exhaust opening of wet type venturi scrubber 7 is directly by the Bas Discharged through processing.
As shown in Figure 1, the discharge port of gravity settling chamber 2, inertia settling chamber 3 and cyclone dust collectors 4 is connected with ash silo 12, the rubbish settling down and dust are transported in ash silo 12, the discharge port place of ash silo 12 is provided with atomizer, be connected with the second water pump 13, the water inlet of the second water pump 13 is connected with circulating water pool 9.During ash silo 12 discharging, start the second water pump 13, to discharge port place atomized water spray, prevent that flying dust from producing secondary pollution.The bottom discharge openings of wet type venturi scrubber 7 is connected with mud pit 8, mud pit 8 tops are communicated with circulating water pool 9 by pipeline, the first water pump 10 is drawn water by circulating water pool 9 by suction water pipe, the delivery port of the first water pump 10 is divided into two branch roads, an arm passes in coalescer 6, terminal is provided with atomizer, and another arm is connected with the trunnion place of the Venturi tube 7-1 of 7 wet type venturi scrubber entrance front ends.
Described circulating water pool 9 is connected with the motor 5-1 of blower fan 5 with recirculated water return pipe by recirculated water feed pipe, and the heat being produced by the motor 5-1 work of blower fan 5 heats the water in circulating water pool 9.The stack of described motor 5-1 is connected with the pipeline of dust exhaust apparatus.Automobile exhaust pipe 11 outlets of car body are arranged near sucker 1, and the tail gas that automobile is discharged enters the purified treatment arriving in dust exhaust apparatus, and car load is realized non-exhaust emission.
Coalescer 6 described in the utility model, wet type venturi scrubber 7, mud pit 8, circulating water pool 9 and the pipeline outside being connected with the first water pump 10, the second water pump 13 are all provided with insulation layer, prevent normal use of water freezing impact in winter.
Operating principle of the present utility model:
Blower fan 5 starts, make the powerful air-flow of formation in dust exhaust apparatus, described sucker 1 is drawn into the rubbish on road surface and dust in dust exhaust apparatus, first pass through gravity settling chamber 2, , the rubbish of large volume and bulky grain dusts more than 50 μ m are removed, then pass through inertia settling chamber 3, described inertia settling chamber 3 adopts coagulation type inertial dust separator, solid particles more than 30 μ m is removed, described inertia settling chamber 3 gas outlets are connected with the air inlet port of cyclone dust collectors 4 by pipeline, cyclone dust collectors 4 use high-efficiency multitube whirlwind deduster, after two-stage dedusting above, cyclone dust collectors 4 are removed dust particales more than 3 μ m in the air-flow entering, now, particle size of dust in air-flow is very little, cyclone dust collectors 4 are connected with the air inlet port of blower fan 5 by pipeline, the air-flow of the gas outlet of blower fan 5 enters after coalescer 6, because the first water pump 10 supplies water, by atomizer by the water atomization spraying into, tiny micronic dust is fully contacted with water smoke, wrap up mutually, form larger particle, while then passing through Venturi tube 7-1, air-flow sharply accelerates at the flow velocity at trunnion place, water atomization under the effect of powerful air-flow that the first water pump 10 is sprayed into, the dust forming in air-flow is further wrapped up by water smoke, form impurity and the mud of larger particle, in wet type venturi scrubber 7, settle down, clean air is discharged in atmosphere by the outlet of wet type venturi scrubber 7, through coalescer 6 and wet type venturi scrubber 7, process, dust particale more than 0.1 μ m is removed, the air of now discharging has obtained effective purification, after micronic dust below 0.1 μ m enters human body, metabolism normally goes out external, harm to human body is minimum.Therefore, the utility model, when can realizing the function on clean road surface, has also carried out effective udst separation by the air of suction, is equivalent to an air cleaning unit.
Mud in wet type venturi scrubber 7 is transported in mud pit 8 by discharge port, and through precipitation, upper strata clear water flow in circulating water pool 9, recycles, and the mud of lower floor is regularly discharged by drainage conduit.Circulating water pool 9 supplies water to coalescer 6 and wet type venturi scrubber 7 by the first water pump 10; and the heat that utilizes the motor 5-1 of blower fan 4 to produce by recirculated water feed pipe and recirculated water return pipe heats to the water in circulating water pool 9; in case while using in cold district; water freezing causes device normally not use; recirculated water can make the motor 5-1 of blower fan 5 produce cooling, protection equipment simultaneously.

Claims (9)

1. an air purification vacuum sweeper, the ash silo (12) that comprises car body, loads on the dust exhaust apparatus on car body and be communicated with the discharge port of dust exhaust apparatus, described dust exhaust apparatus comprises sucker (1), gravity settling chamber (2), inertia settling chamber (3), cyclone dust collectors (4) and the blower fan (5) connecting successively, it is characterized in that: dust exhaust apparatus also comprises wet type venturi scrubber (7), circulating water pool (9) and the first water pump (10), described blower fan (5) outlet is connected with the import of wet type venturi scrubber (7);
The water inlet pipe of described the first water pump (10) is communicated with circulating water pool (9), and the outlet pipe of the first water pump (10) is communicated with the trunnion place of the Venturi tube (7-1) of wet type venturi scrubber (7) front end.
2. a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dust exhaust apparatus also comprises the coalescer (6) being arranged between blower fan (5) and wet type venturi scrubber (7), the outlet pipe of described the first water pump (10) passes in coalescer (6) by a minute branching pipe, and the terminal of described minute branching pipe is provided with atomizer.
3. a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described circulating water pool is provided with heating system on (9).
4. a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described heating system comprises recirculated water feed pipe and recirculated water return pipe, circulating water pool (9) is connected with the motor (5-1) of blower fan (5) with recirculated water return pipe by recirculated water feed pipe.
5. according to a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper described in claim 1-4 any one, it is characterized in that: described dust exhaust apparatus also comprises mud pit (8), the bottom discharge openings of described wet type venturi scrubber (7) is communicated with mud pit (8).
6. a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described mud pit (8) top is communicated with circulating water pool (9) by pipeline.
7. a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dust exhaust apparatus also comprises the second water pump (13), the second water pump (13) water inlet pipe is connected with circulating water pool (9), and outlet pipe is connected with the atomizer that is arranged on ash silo (12) discharge port place.
8. a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the automobile exhaust pipe of described car body (11) outlet is arranged at the import department of sucker (1).
9. a kind of air purification vacuum sweeper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the stack of the motor (5-1) of blower fan (5) is connected with the pipeline of dust exhaust apparatus.
CN201420113317.1U 2014-03-13 2014-03-13 Air purification dust suction vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN203782627U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420113317.1U CN203782627U (en) 2014-03-13 2014-03-13 Air purification dust suction vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420113317.1U CN203782627U (en) 2014-03-13 2014-03-13 Air purification dust suction vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203782627U true CN203782627U (en) 2014-08-20

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420113317.1U Expired - Fee Related CN203782627U (en) 2014-03-13 2014-03-13 Air purification dust suction vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203782627U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105064254A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-18 石家庄煤矿机械有限责任公司 Small dust suction trolley

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105064254A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-18 石家庄煤矿机械有限责任公司 Small dust suction trolley

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140820

Termination date: 20160313

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee