CN203744959U - Inner hole, height and outer diameter automatic detection machine of commutator - Google Patents

Inner hole, height and outer diameter automatic detection machine of commutator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203744959U
CN203744959U CN201420059797.8U CN201420059797U CN203744959U CN 203744959 U CN203744959 U CN 203744959U CN 201420059797 U CN201420059797 U CN 201420059797U CN 203744959 U CN203744959 U CN 203744959U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
commutator
external diameter
height
endoporus
housed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420059797.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林祥清
何小锋
曹启右
王官成
陆存祥
杨林飞
张俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHEJIANG CHANGCHENG COMMUTATOR CO Ltd
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ZHEJIANG CHANGCHENG COMMUTATOR CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201420059797.8U priority Critical patent/CN203744959U/en
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Publication of CN203744959U publication Critical patent/CN203744959U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an inner hole, height and outer diameter automatic detection machine of a commutator. The machine comprises a case (74) and a material channel plate (77). A commutator inner hole automatic detection mechanism (69) and a commutator height automatic detection mechanism (66) are successively arranged on the case. A commutator detection station transfer mechanism (80) is arranged on the side of the case. A microcomputer controller (81) is arranged in the case. The commutator inner hole automatic detection mechanism and the commutator height automatic detection mechanism are respectively electrically connected with the microcomputer controller. On the case (74), a commutator outer diameter automatic detection mechanism (79) is arranged between the commutator inner hole automatic detection mechanism and the commutator height automatic detection mechanism. According to the utility model, the machine can automatically detect the inner hole, the outer diameter and the height of the commutator, and has the advantages of high automation degree and high accuracy, thus the product quality of the commutator can be ensured and improved.

Description

Commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of checkout equipment of commutator for motor.
Background technology
At present, the Data Detection of the aspects such as the external diameter (being cylindrical) of engine commutator, endoporus (being lining internal diameter), height generally divides three steps by manual operation by modes such as vernier caliper, go-no go gauge, milscales, degree of accuracy is not high, work efficiency is lower, is unfavorable for ensureing and promoting the quality of commutator product.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, and a kind of endoporus that can automatically detect commutator and height, commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine that automaticity is high are provided.
Object of the present invention realizes by following technical solution: commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine, comprise cabinet, material guidance tape, commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism, the highly automated testing agency of commutator are housed successively on described cabinet, at the sidepiece of described cabinet, commutator is housed and detects station connecting gear, in described cabinet, microcomputer controller is housed, this commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism, the highly automated testing agency of commutator are electrically connected with microcomputer controller respectively.
On described cabinet and between commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism and the highly automated testing agency of commutator, locate to be equipped with commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism, this commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism is electrically connected with microcomputer controller, by the detection of the unified regulation and control of microcomputer controller commutator brush track diameter.
Adopt after the present invention, detected separately respectively endoporus, external diameter and the height of commutator by commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism, commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism, the highly automated testing agency of commutator, detect station connecting gear by commutator detected commutator is carried out to the station transmission between described each testing agency, whether the conversion by microcomputer controller and conversion obtain the size of endoporus, external diameter and the height of commutator again, qualified to judge this commutator workpiece.The present invention can detect endoporus, external diameter and the height of commutator automatically, and automaticity is high, degree of accuracy is high, is conducive to ensure and promote the quality of commutator product.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the left view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the left view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the vertical view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the highly automated testing agency of commutator in Fig. 1.
Figure 10 is the left view of Fig. 9.
Embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine of the present invention, comprise cabinet 74, material guidance tape 77, on described cabinet 74, (by material guidance tape 77) is equipped with commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism 69 (in the rightmost side) successively, the highly automated testing agency 66 of commutator (in the leftmost side), at the sidepiece (front portion) of described cabinet 74, commutator is housed and detects station connecting gear 80, microcomputer controller 81 (containing exterior display screen 67) is housed in described cabinet 74, this commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism 69, the highly automated testing agency 66 of commutator is electrically connected with microcomputer controller 81 respectively, by the unified regulation and control of microcomputer controller commutator endoporus, the detection of height.
On described cabinet 74, (by material guidance tape 77) and locates to be equipped with commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism 79 (in middle part) between commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism 69 and the highly automated testing agency 66 of commutator, this commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism 79 is electrically connected with microcomputer controller 81, by the detection of the unified regulation and control of microcomputer controller commutator brush track diameter.Described commutator detects station connecting gear 80 and comprises transfer plate 65, at the sidepiece of this transfer plate 65, transverse shifting cylinder 64 is housed, and is equipped with and vertically moves cylinder 68 in the front portion of this transfer plate 65.It is (corresponding with transmitted commutator size that one side of described transfer plate 65 is wave concave/convex-shaped structure, as shown in Figure 3), its front portion in commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism 69, commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism 79, the highly automated testing agency 66 of commutator, the top of material guidance tape 77.
Wherein, transverse shifting cylinder 64, vertically move cylinder 68 respectively separately by transverse shifting air cylinder support 63, vertically move air cylinder support 70 and be contained on cabinet 74.At the sidepiece of described cabinet 74 (be commutator porch, and by transfer gantry 73), vertically disposed commutator delivery device 72 (cylinder crosswise pushing mode), commutator conveying mechanism 71 (the longitudinal mode of movement of conveying belt) are each other housed.
With reference to Fig. 4, shown in Fig. 5, described commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism 69, comprise frame 52, at the top of described frame 52, motor 48 is housed, by intermediate transmission assembly 49 (for the combination of ball screw and nut), crossbeam 44 (including nut) is housed 48 times at this motor, one side of described crossbeam 44 is equipped with endoporus successively longitudinally measures assembly 46, endoporus cross measure assembly 47, this endoporus is longitudinally measured assembly 46, endoporus cross measure assembly 47 includes hole measuring spring block 43, on this hole measuring spring block 43, endoporus cylinder 42 is housed, interior hole sensor 41 (being setting up and down), in the bottom of this hole measuring spring block 43, measuring claw 51 is housed.In described frame 52 and with intermediate transmission assembly 49 corresponding positions (by inductor bearing 53), inductor 45 (for upper and lower two settings) is housed.The opposite side (outside) of described crossbeam 44 is equipped with air gun 50.
Wherein, endoporus is longitudinally measured all identical (forming by endoporus cylinder 42, interior hole sensor 41, hole measuring spring block 43, measuring claw 51) of the Nomenclature Composition and Structure of Complexes of assembly 46, endoporus cross measure assembly 47, be only towards difference (a longitudinal setting, a horizontally set), its action by endoporus cylinder promotes the elastic component in hole measuring spring block, drives measuring claw uphold or shrink.This interior hole sensor 41, inductor 45 are connected with microcomputer controller 81 respectively.
With reference to shown in Fig. 6 to Fig. 8, described commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism 79, comprise external diameter chassis 1, on a side on described external diameter chassis 1, be equipped with on another side on block (for Y-piece) 12, this external diameter chassis 1 polished rod corresponding with block 12 7 is housed, this polished rod 7 joins with external diameter cylinder 4 by external diameter slide block 3, external diameter air cylinder tie rod 11 successively, on described external diameter chassis 1 and with polished rod 7, external diameter slide block 3 corresponding sections (by external diameter sensor stand 8), external diameter sensor 5 is housed.
Wherein, described external diameter cylinder 4 is contained on external diameter chassis 1 by external diameter air cylinder support 9, and described external diameter sensor 5 is contained on external diameter chassis 1 by external diameter sensor stand 8, and described external diameter slide block 3 is contained on external diameter chassis 1 by external diameter guide rail 2; Described external diameter slide block 3 is contained on external diameter air cylinder support 9 by the spring 10 on pole 13 and pole, on described external diameter sensor stand 8, external diameter caging bolt 6 is also housed, this external diameter caging bolt 6 below in external diameter sensor 5, to prevent that polished rod from excessively propping up commutator.This external diameter sensor 5 is connected with microcomputer controller 81.
Shown in Fig. 9, Figure 10, the highly automated testing agency 66 of described commutator, comprise height chassis 21, height cylinder 22 is housed on a side on described height chassis 21, this height cylinder 22 is equipped with gauge head support plate 31 by height air cylinder tie rod 32, height slide block 28 is equipped with in the inner that gauge head 30, this gauge head support plate 31 are housed on the outer end of described gauge head support plate 31, and on described gauge head support plate 31, (by height sensor support 23) is equipped with height sensor 25.
Wherein, described height slide block 28 is contained on a side on height chassis 21 by height guide rail 27 and rail brackets 26.On described height slide block 28 and between height slide block 28 and gauge head support plate 31, locate to be equipped with return support 29 (itself and gauge head support plate 31 join), retracing spring 33 (it pushes up mutually with height sensor support 23) is housed on this return support 29, can makes gauge head support plate and gauge head effectively put in place.On described gauge head support plate 31, by height sensor support 23, height caging bolt 24 is housed, to carry out effectively spacing to gauge head support plate and gauge head.This height sensor is connected with microcomputer controller 81.
Need the commutator detecting first to pass through the conveying of commutator conveying mechanism 71, then pushed by commutator delivery device 72 on the material guidance tape 77 of cabinet 74.First, carry out the detection of commutator endoporus by commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism 69: when workpiece commutator arrives air gun 50 below, motor 48 is worked and is driven crossbeam 44 to decline by intermediate transmission assembly, the air gun 50 that drive is fixed on crossbeam 44 declines together, air gun 50 is to the endoporus that blows off commutator after commutator endoporus, blow off rear cross beam 44 and drive rising by motor 48, then this commutator arrival endoporus is longitudinally measured measuring claw 51 belows of assembly 46, motor 48 drives crossbeam 44 to decline, measuring claw is stretched to the endoporus of commutator, now endoporus cylinder action, make measuring claw touch commutator inwall, the variation of hole sensor generation stroke simultaneously, circuit conversion and software conversion by microcomputer controller obtain a data volume (tolerance value), then measuring claw continues to drop to second and cross section is set stops, again measure, twice measured value relatively reflects that the hole taper index of this commutator (is the top average-size of commutator endoporus, differing of bottom average-size), inductor 45 is for twice vertical differing heights declining of measurement of inductance pawl, then, this commutator arrives the measuring claw below of endoporus cross measure assembly 47, identical with last measuring claw metering system, again carry out the cross section inner diameter measurement of twice commutator endoporus differing heights, and respectively with twice measured value comparison of last measuring claw, thereby reflect the endoporus circularity index (for top, middle part, bottom measurement size maximal value and the minimum value of commutator endoporus poor) of this commutator, to judge this commutator workpiece whether qualified (each position of commutator endoporus is measured all large value and little value).
Then, the cylinder 68 that vertically moves that detects station connecting gear 80 by commutator promotes transfer plate and vertically moves, and make commutator enter the wave concave/convex-shaped structure interior (transmitting when can realizing many commutators) of transfer plate 65 sides, the external diameter that commutator cross drive to commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism 79 after this endoporus being detected by transverse shifting cylinder 64 again carries out commutator detects (now transfer plate is return): when external diameter cylinder is during in retracted mode, external diameter air cylinder tie rod is by external diameter slide block, external diameter guide rail is held, now the spring 10 on pole 13 is in tightening state, polished rod 7 does not contact with workpiece commutator, when workpiece commutator arrives block relevant position, external diameter cylinder in the time stretching out state, external diameter air cylinder tie rod and external diameter slide block, external diameter guide rail depart from, spring relaxation on pole and promote external diameter slide block and move on external diameter guide rail, is pushed into block place by polished rod 7 by workpiece commutator and props up.Whether now, the stroke that is fixed on the external diameter sensor at polished rod rear changes, then circuit conversion by microcomputer controller and software converts and obtain the size of workpiece external diameter, qualified to judge this commutator workpiece.
Then, the transfer plate that detects station connecting gear 80 by commutator again vertically moves, cross drive, commutator after external diameter is detected is sent to the highly automated testing agency 66 of commutator and carries out the height detection (now transfer plate is return) of commutator: when height cylinder is in the time stretching out state, height air cylinder tie rod unclamps gauge head support plate, height slide block, and now gauge head does not contact with workpiece commutator; When relevant position, height cylinder that workpiece commutator arrives gauge head below are during in contraction state, height air cylinder tie rod is held gauge head support plate and height slide block and be with dynamic height slide block to move along height guide rail downwards, by gauge head support plate, gauge head is against on workpiece commutator.Whether now, the stroke that is fixed on the height sensor on gauge head support plate changes, then obtains workpiece height size by circuit conversion and the software conversion of microcomputer controller, qualified to judge this commutator workpiece.
All qualified commutators of three indexs of this after described endoporus, external diameter, height detection respectively, can (be connected with baffle plate 76 by the discharging cylinder 75 that is contained in the leftmost side on material guidance tape 77, also be electrically connected with microcomputer controller) control baffle plate and carry out discharging processing, and deliver in receiver 61 (it is contained in and connects material on frame 78) by discharging channel 62; In described endoporus, external diameter, height detection, underproof if any an index, be judged to be defective commutator, control baffle plate 76 (having three) and send into defective passage by the discharging cylinder 75 (having three) that is contained in the middle part on material guidance tape 77.

Claims (9)

1. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine, comprise cabinet (74), material guidance tape (77), it is characterized in that: commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism (69) is housed successively on described cabinet (74), the highly automated testing agency of commutator (66), at the sidepiece of described cabinet (74), commutator is housed and detects station connecting gear (80), microcomputer controller (81) is housed in described cabinet (74), this commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism (69), the highly automated testing agency of commutator (66) is electrically connected with microcomputer controller (81) respectively.
2. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: go up and locate to be equipped with commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism (79) between commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism (69) and the highly automated testing agency of commutator (66) at described cabinet (74), this commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism (79) is electrically connected with microcomputer controller (81).
3. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described commutator detects station connecting gear (80) and comprises transfer plate (65), at the sidepiece of this transfer plate (65), transverse shifting cylinder (64) is housed, is equipped with and vertically moves cylinder (68) in the front portion of this transfer plate (65); One side of described transfer plate (65) is wave concave/convex-shaped structure.
4. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described commutator endoporus automatic detection mechanism (69), comprise frame (52), at the top of described frame (52), motor (48) is housed, under this motor (48), by intermediate transmission assembly (49), crossbeam (44) is housed, one side of described crossbeam (44) is equipped with endoporus successively longitudinally measures assembly (46), endoporus cross measure assembly (47), this endoporus is longitudinally measured assembly (46), endoporus cross measure assembly (47) includes hole measuring spring block (43), on this hole measuring spring block (43), endoporus cylinder (42) is housed, interior hole sensor (41), in the bottom of this hole measuring spring block (43), measuring claw (51) is housed.
5. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: go up and with intermediate transmission assembly (49) corresponding position, inductor (45) be housed in described frame (52); The opposite side of described crossbeam (44) is equipped with air gun (50).
6. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described commutator brush track diameter automatic detection mechanism (79), comprise external diameter chassis (1), block (12) is housed on a side on described external diameter chassis (1), the polished rod (7) corresponding with block (12) is housed on another side on this external diameter chassis (1), this polished rod (7) is successively by external diameter slide block (3), external diameter air cylinder tie rod (11) joins with external diameter cylinder (4), on described external diameter chassis (1), and with polished rod (7), external diameter sensor (5) is equipped with in external diameter slide block (3) corresponding section.
7. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described external diameter cylinder (4) is contained on external diameter chassis (1) by external diameter air cylinder support (9), described external diameter sensor (5) is contained on external diameter chassis (1) by external diameter sensor stand (8), it is upper that described external diameter slide block (3) is contained in external diameter air cylinder support (9) by the spring (10) on pole (13) and pole, and external diameter caging bolt (6) is also housed on described external diameter sensor stand (8).
8. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the highly automated testing agency of described commutator (66), comprise height chassis (21), height cylinder (22) is housed on a side on described height chassis (21), this height cylinder (22) is equipped with gauge head support plate (31) by height air cylinder tie rod (32), gauge head (30) is housed on the outer end of described gauge head support plate (31), height slide block (28) is equipped with in the inner of this gauge head support plate (31), height sensor (25) is housed on described gauge head support plate (31).
9. commutator endoporus height external diameter automatic detecting machine as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that: described height slide block (28) is contained on a side on height chassis (21) by height guide rail (27) and rail brackets (26), go up and locate to be equipped with return support (29) between height slide block (28) and gauge head support plate (31) at described height slide block (28), on this return support (29), retracing spring (33) being housed.
CN201420059797.8U 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Inner hole, height and outer diameter automatic detection machine of commutator Expired - Fee Related CN203744959U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420059797.8U CN203744959U (en) 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Inner hole, height and outer diameter automatic detection machine of commutator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420059797.8U CN203744959U (en) 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Inner hole, height and outer diameter automatic detection machine of commutator

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107185845A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-22 绍兴中轴自动化设备有限公司 Full automatic commutator detection means and its detection method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107185845A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-09-22 绍兴中轴自动化设备有限公司 Full automatic commutator detection means and its detection method
CN107185845B (en) * 2017-06-27 2022-10-04 绍兴中轴自动化设备有限公司 Full-automatic commutator detection device and detection method thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140730

Termination date: 20220128

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee