CN203708650U - Automatic feeding and unloading mechanism - Google Patents

Automatic feeding and unloading mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203708650U
CN203708650U CN201420048455.6U CN201420048455U CN203708650U CN 203708650 U CN203708650 U CN 203708650U CN 201420048455 U CN201420048455 U CN 201420048455U CN 203708650 U CN203708650 U CN 203708650U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
charging basket
reloads
baffle plate
spatial accommodation
charging
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN201420048455.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
戴月明
朱建民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SUZHOU INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SUZHOU INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by SUZHOU INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical SUZHOU INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420048455.6U priority Critical patent/CN203708650U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203708650U publication Critical patent/CN203708650U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic feeding and unloading mechanism which is used for automatic feeding and unloading of a PCB carrier during a SMT process. The mechanism comprises at least one material transporting assembly. Each material transporting assembly comprises a charging basket, a charging basket positioning mechanism, an elevator mechanism and a non-stop material changing mechanism. The charging basket is placed on the charging basket positioning mechanism. The elevator mechanism drives the material in the charging basket to carry out automatic feeding or unloading through a material supporting apparatus. The non-stop material changing mechanism is arranged on the charging basket and is isolated from or connected to the charging basket through a material changing baffle plate so that an automatic material changing process under a non-stop state is realized. By using the mechanism of the utility model, the automatic feeding and the unloading of the SMT process are realized; manpower cost is saved; processing efficiency of a PCB is increased; especially the material changing under the non-stop state is realized; an automation degree is high; a continuous operation requirement of equipment is satisfied.

Description

Automatic charging and cutting agency
Technical field
The utility model relates to feeding unit field, especially relates to one and in surface mounting technology (SMT) process, realizes automatic charging, blanking and do not shut down the automatic charging and the cutting agency that reload.
Background technology
In the manufacture production technology of existing pcb board, what conventionally adopt is that manual type is taken out pcb board from streamline, after uninstalling the carrier on pcb board, reappose again on streamline, or other actions are if supplied materials etc. is by being manually loaded on streamline, therefore, operator's labour intensity is larger, and the human cost of pcb board processing is high, production efficiency is low, in addition, manual operation easily causes pcb board or PCB carrier to be scraped damage in material loading or blanking process, even can cause product rejection.
Nowadays,, along with the continuous rising of cost of labor, be necessary that research adopts a kind of mode of automation more to realize the feeding, discharge of pcb board, carrier etc. and do not shut down refueling agency.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the defect of prior art; a kind of automatic charging and cutting agency are provided; to realize the automation transmission of PCB carrier and PCB cover plate etc.; the automation that is particularly useful for realizing under stopped status is not reloaded; automaticity is high, has greatly accelerated the working (machining) efficiency of pcb board.
For achieving the above object; the utility model proposes following technical scheme: a kind of automatic charging and cutting agency; comprise at least one conveying assembly; each described conveying assembly comprises charging basket, charging basket detent mechanism, elevating mechanism and does not shut down refueling agency; described charging basket is placed on described charging basket detent mechanism; describedly do not shut down that refueling agency is arranged on described charging basket and reload baffle plate with described charging basket isolation or communicate by one, described elevating mechanism drives the material in charging basket to carry out automatic charging or blanking by a material-supporting device.
Preferably, described charging basket detent mechanism comprises bracing frame, roller and backgauge cylinder, and described roller is arranged on support frame as described above upper surface, and described charging basket bottom contacts with described roller, and described backgauge cylinder is fixed on support frame as described above, for fixing charging basket.
The screw mandrel that described elevating mechanism also comprises the first motor and is connected with described the first motor, described material-supporting device and described screw mandrel are fixedly linked, and described screw mandrel drives described material-supporting device to move up and down under the driving of the first motor.
The described refueling agency of not shutting down also comprises the frame that reloads; the transmission device and the drive unit that are connected with the baffle plate that reloads; and be arranged on the frame that reloads and be provided with the plural transducer of an initial value; in the middle of the described frame that reloads, form a material spatial accommodation; in the time that described sensor sensing reaches its set point to the quantity of the material in described material spatial accommodation; the baffle plate that reloads described in described transmission device drives is inserted into described material spatial accommodation bottom or extracts out in described material spatial accommodation, and the baffle plate that reloads described in described drive unit drives moves up and down.
Described transmission device comprises the gear and the tooth bar that cooperatively interact, and described tooth bar is connected with the described baffle plate that reloads.
Described drive unit comprises cylinder and the second motor, and described the second motor drives the described cylinder baffle plate that reloads described in driving to move up and down.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: (1) has realized automatic charging and the blanking of SMT process, has saved human cost, has improved the working (machining) efficiency of pcb board; (2) under stopped status, do not reloading, automaticity is higher, has met the requirement of equipment continuous running.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment automatic charging and cutting agency;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model charging basket;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model charging basket detent mechanism;
Fig. 4 is that the utility model charging basket is placed on the structural representation on charging basket detent mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model elevating mechanism;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that the utility model is not shut down refueling agency;
Reference numeral: 1, conveying assembly, 11, the first conveying assembly, 12, the second conveying assembly, 13, the 3rd conveying assembly, 2, charging basket, 3, charging basket detent mechanism, 31, bracing frame, 32, roller, 33, backgauge cylinder, 4, elevating mechanism, 41, the first motor, 42, screw mandrel, 43, crane, 44, material-supporting device, 45, contiguous block, 5, do not shut down refueling agency, 51, frame reloads, 52, baffle plate reloads, 53, transmission device, 531, gear, 532, tooth bar, 54, transducer, 55, material spatial accommodation, 56, fixed dam, 57, drive unit.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing of the present utility model, the technical scheme of the utility model embodiment is carried out to clear, complete description.
A kind of automatic charging and cutting agency that the utility model discloses, be mainly used in automatic charging or the blanking of PCB carrier, especially realized automatically reloading under stopped status not.
As shown in Figure 1, for the overall structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment automatic charging and cutting agency, this automatic charging and cutting agency are assembled by 3 conveying assemblies 1, be respectively the first conveying assembly 11, the second conveying assembly 12 and the 3rd conveying assembly 13, described the first conveying assembly 11 is for realizing the automatic blanking of PCB cover plate, described the second conveying assembly 12 is for realizing the automatic blanking of the positive carrier of placing of PCB, the automatic charging of carrier that described the 3rd conveying assembly 13 is placed for realizing PCB reverse side, each conveying assembly includes a charging basket 2, charging basket detent mechanism 3, elevating mechanism 4 and do not shut down refueling agency 5.
Shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, described charging basket detent mechanism 3 is for placing and fixing described charging basket 2, described charging basket detent mechanism 3 comprises bracing frame 31, roller 32 and backgauge cylinder 33, described roller 32 is arranged on support frame as described above 31 upper surfaces, in the time that charging basket 2 is placed on described charging basket detent mechanism 3, described charging basket bottom contacts with described roller 32, has reduced the frictional force between charging basket bottom and support frame as described above 31 upper surfaces, convenient operation person's pull charging basket.Described backgauge cylinder 33 is fixed on support frame as described above 31, for fixedly blocking charging basket 32, particularly, does not shut down behind refueling agency 5 belows when operator is pushed into charging basket 32, and described backgauge cylinder 33 blocks charging basket 2, thereby described charging basket 2 is fixed.
As shown in Figure 5, described elevating mechanism 4 is for driving the material in charging basket 2 to move up and down, and it comprises the first motor 41, screw mandrel 42, crane 43 and material-supporting device 44.Described screw mandrel 42 is connected with described the first motor 41, described material-supporting device 44 is fixedly linked with described screw mandrel 42, described screw mandrel 42 is movably connected on described crane 43 by a contiguous block 45 with material-supporting device 44, described material-supporting device 44, under the cooperation of described the first motor 41 and screw mandrel 42 drives, moves up and down along described crane 43.Described material-supporting device 44 extend in described charging basket 2, for described material of not shutting down on refueling agency 5 is transported in described charging basket 2 and completes automatic blanking process, or the material in charging basket 2 is checked to the interior automatic charging process that realizes of refueling agency 5 of not shutting down.As shown in Figure 6, the described refueling agency 5 of not shutting down is arranged on described charging basket 2 tops, for realizing automatically reloading under non-stop-machine state.The described refueling agency 5 of not shutting down comprises the baffle plate 52 that reloads, transmission device 53, drive unit (57), the plural transducer 54 that reload frame 51 and reload on frame 51, fixed dam 56, in the middle of the described frame 51 that reloads, form a material spatial accommodation 55, the described baffle plate 52 that reloads can be arranged on the below of described material spatial accommodation 55 pull, when the described baffle plate 52 that reloads is inserted into material spatial accommodation 55 when interior, described material spatial accommodation 55 is separated with described charging basket 2 baffle plate 52 that reloaded; When the described baffle plate 52 that reloads reaches material spatial accommodation 55 when outer, described material spatial accommodation 55 communicates with described charging basket 2.Described transmission device 53 is all connected with the described baffle plate 52 that reloads with described drive unit, and the baffle plate 52 that reloads described in described transmission device 53 drives is inserted into described material spatial accommodation 55 bottoms or stretches out outside described material spatial accommodation 55; The baffle plate 52 that reloads described in described drive unit is used for driving moves up and down, and described transmission device 53 baffle plate 52 that reloads described in driving move in the horizontal direction, and described drive unit is that baffle plate 52 in the vertical directions that reload described in driving move.
Described in being arranged on, described transducer 54 reloads on frame 51, for responding to the quantity of described material spatial accommodation 55 interior material.In described transducer 54, set in advance an initial value, as initial value is set is 9, while being 9 sheet stock in transducer 54 senses material spatial accommodation, described transducer 54 control transmission device 53 will described in reload baffle plate 52 from the material interior extraction of spatial accommodation 55 or insertion.Particularly, when material loading, be 9 sheet stock in transducer 54 senses material spatial accommodation 55 time, described transducer 54 control described transmission device 53 will described in the baffle plate 52 that reloads be inserted in material spatial accommodation 55, fixed dam 56 blocks the baffle plate 52 that reloads and does not extract out under the inside promotion of cylinder, the baffle plate 52 that reloads simultaneously upwards continues conveying under the driving of drive unit, now, operating personnel never shut down refueling agency 5 belows by charging basket 2 and extract out, material is again filled it up with in artificial or automation ground in charging basket 2, after adding, be again pushed into again and do not shut down cutting agency 5 belows, realize and under stopped status, can upwards not carry out continuously conveying, when blanking, be 9 sheet stock in transducer 54 senses material spatial accommodation 55 time, cylinder outwards promotes fixed dam 56 and opens, described transducer 54 control described transmission device 53 will described in reload baffle plate 52 from the interior extraction of material spatial accommodation 55, material-supporting device 44 on elevating mechanism 4 is delivered to material in described charging basket 2 from material spatial accommodation 55 Netos under the cooperation of the first motor 41 and screw mandrel 42 drives simultaneously, after charging basket 2 is filled, manually or automatically charging basket 2 is extracted out, described in being also placed into again, material in taking-up charging basket 2 do not shut down the below of refueling agency 5, can realize like this automatic blanking process under stopped status not.
In the present embodiment, described transmission device 53 adopts the gear 531 and the tooth bar 532 that are used in conjunction with each other, and described tooth bar 532 is connected with the baffle plate 52 that reloads.Described drive unit adopts cylinder and second motor of the effect of cooperatively interacting, and described the second motor drives the described cylinder baffle plate that reloads described in driving to move up and down.
In the present embodiment, be provided with the conveying assembly 1 of 3 assemblings, mainly be used in the interstage of surface mounting technology (SMT) process of pcb board, specifically for realizing unloading cover plate, unload positive carrier, the pcb board that overturns of placing, re-assemblying in the process of the carrier that the pcb board after upset places to reverse side of pcb board.Certainly, the assembling quantity of conveying assembly 1 can arrange according to actual process requirements, as the conveying assembly 1 of 2 assemblings is set, be used in the initial period of SMT process, an automatic charging for pcb board, another is for the automatic charging of the positive carrier of placing of PCB, and pcb board is transported on the streamline of SMT by feeding unit after being assembled into the positive carrier of placing.The present embodiment is that the automatic feeding, discharge of realizing PCB carrier illustrates in addition, and its applicable object is not limited to PCB carrier, also can realize the automatic feeding, discharge of other production technology Raws.
Technology contents of the present utility model and technical characterictic have disclosed as above; but those of ordinary skill in the art still may be based on teaching of the present utility model and announcements and are done all replacement and modifications that does not deviate from the utility model spirit; therefore; the utility model protection range should be not limited to the content that embodiment discloses; and should comprise various do not deviate from replacement of the present utility model and modifications, and contained by present patent application claim.

Claims (6)

1. an automatic charging and cutting agency; it is characterized in that: comprise at least one conveying assembly; each described conveying assembly comprises charging basket, charging basket detent mechanism, elevating mechanism and does not shut down refueling agency; described charging basket is placed on described charging basket detent mechanism; describedly do not shut down that refueling agency is arranged on described charging basket and reload baffle plate with described charging basket isolation or communicate by one, described elevating mechanism drives the material in charging basket to carry out automatic charging or blanking by a material-supporting device.
2. automatic charging according to claim 1 and cutting agency, it is characterized in that, described charging basket detent mechanism comprises bracing frame, roller and backgauge cylinder, described roller is arranged on support frame as described above upper surface, described charging basket bottom contacts with described roller, described backgauge cylinder is fixed on support frame as described above, for fixing charging basket.
3. automatic charging according to claim 1 and cutting agency, it is characterized in that, the screw mandrel that described elevating mechanism also comprises the first motor and is connected with described the first motor, described material-supporting device and described screw mandrel are fixedly linked, and described screw mandrel drives described material-supporting device to move up and down under the driving of the first motor.
4. automatic charging according to claim 1 and cutting agency, it is characterized in that, the described refueling agency of not shutting down also comprises the frame that reloads, the transmission device and the drive unit that are connected with the baffle plate that reloads, and be arranged on the frame that reloads and be provided with the plural transducer of an initial value, in the middle of the described frame that reloads, form a material spatial accommodation, in the time that described sensor sensing reaches its set point to the quantity of the material in described material spatial accommodation, the baffle plate that reloads described in described transmission device drives is inserted into described material spatial accommodation bottom or extracts out in described material spatial accommodation, the baffle plate that reloads described in described drive unit drives moves up and down.
5. automatic charging according to claim 4 and cutting agency, is characterized in that, described transmission device comprises the gear and the tooth bar that cooperatively interact, and described tooth bar is connected with the described baffle plate that reloads.
6. automatic charging according to claim 4 and cutting agency, is characterized in that, described drive unit comprises cylinder and the second motor, and described the second motor drives the described cylinder baffle plate that reloads described in driving to move up and down.
CN201420048455.6U 2014-01-26 2014-01-26 Automatic feeding and unloading mechanism Expired - Lifetime CN203708650U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420048455.6U CN203708650U (en) 2014-01-26 2014-01-26 Automatic feeding and unloading mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420048455.6U CN203708650U (en) 2014-01-26 2014-01-26 Automatic feeding and unloading mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203708650U true CN203708650U (en) 2014-07-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420048455.6U Expired - Lifetime CN203708650U (en) 2014-01-26 2014-01-26 Automatic feeding and unloading mechanism

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105357943A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-02-24 苏州康贝尔电子设备有限公司 Plate transportation elevating device
CN109561649A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-02 苏州光韵达自动化设备有限公司 A kind of automatic plate-splicing machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105357943A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-02-24 苏州康贝尔电子设备有限公司 Plate transportation elevating device
CN109561649A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-02 苏州光韵达自动化设备有限公司 A kind of automatic plate-splicing machine

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CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20140709